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BRECONSHIRE. BRECON.—On Saturday evening, the 17th inst. a child named Mary Ann Williams, aged about two years, thejjjwghter of Thomas Williams, carpenter, was killed Ay a gig passing along the Watton, in Brecknock—the child was crossing the street at the time the gig was coming up, and fell under the near wheel, which went over her neck, and on pulling up the horse, the wheel backed, and went over her a second time,—instant death was the consequence. No b'ame whatever attaches to the gentleman who was driving the horse. AvCoroner's inquest, he'.d betore Lancelot Morgan, BailitT and Coroner, returned a verdict of Accidental Death," and assessed a tfeodand of one shilling on the. nbeel. CARNARVON.—This fair on Monday exhibited an unusual large show of cattle, but the demand being slack, they went off at abo.ut 20s. a head less than at previous fairs yearlings, however, maintained good prices, fetching from bl. to 61. ea«h. Cows in calf and "in Vrofii," also fetched rather better prices in corn- parfcou. There were nofat cattle offered. The horse fdir was well stocked 4fcih animals, but there were few of the better sorts some went off so high as 25/ each the sale was altogether exceedingly dull. Pigs were in abundance, and went off slowly at consider- ably reduced prices.-Chester Courant. K- Gloucester Assizes terminated on Friday even- ing. Out of nearly 100 prisoners which the calendar contained, two were condemned and left for execution viz. Thomas Gaskins and Charlotte Long, both con- victed upon the clearest evidence, of arson, in setting fire to ricks, the former at Deerhurst, aud the latter ,at North Nibley. In both instances the prisoners "Were recommended to mercy by the prosecutors and jury, but the Learned Judge in passing sen- tence, observed, with evident distress of mind, that a painfrf and insurmountable sense of what was due to society compelled him to leave the culpi-it4 to their fate without the slightest hope of mercy being ex- tended to them. Tlfe Oery impiessive terms in which the sentence was delivered made a sensible impression Ufon a crowded court, which was still more increased by the anguish of the female prisoner, who, when first placed at the bar, I)ad an infant only a few weeks old, at the breast. The cases at Nisi Prius, 34 in number, had not a particle of interest about them except to the parties—Hereford Journal. CARRYING WHEAT.—AU experimental farmer, A renting two large farms between Watford and Rick- mansworth, has ascertained after a series of years experience, that the best way to secure good and dry Wheat is to carry it immediately the men have reapti it. The gentleman I allude to invariablyd ces and makes more of his Wheat thra any it/Sfr'r by at least three sliiliiiigs per lead. iliE L'liA NCE LLOtt OF LLANDAlt :Z> CHAnGE TO THE CLERGY. We resume our extracts from this very able PU)- lication with the following remarks on Episcopacy in the primitive Church in Britain, and its establishment prior to the intrusions and corruptions of Popery. "From the earliest periods on record, an Episcopal Church has heen nationally received in this kingdom. "We refer with honest pride, as ancient Britons, not merely to ibe, unquestionable fact that Bishops existed with extensive jurisdiction, but also to that excellent indepen- dence of spirit manifested by their Clergy, on the occasion when Augustine came over to convert the Saxons.* riiey who speak of our endowments having been den\ e to us from the Romish Priesthood, as if some special prior- ity of titic existed, on their part, to the Revenues Eccles- iastical, seem to have forgotten that the British Church was unquestionably founded and endowed long before t e absurdity of a foreign supremacy was known, or the tyianny and corruptions of Papal dominion had obtained a footmg in the island. Our Church was established and honoured with immunities and privileges, while with blameless sim- plicity she adhered to the primitive faith. For a Ion,, course of years, as proved by undisputed history and y ancient statutes, was she free from the encroachments ot a foreign jurisdiction. The Church still possessed the national revenues, when unhappily that jurisdiction had intruded, and introduced a multitude of errors and super- stitious observances; nor is it easy to understand how she forfened her original title aud claim, when, through t «. VII,e blessing, she burst from her captivity, cast aw ay t >e cowls by which she had been tied down, and, being tie- livered from the bondage of corruption, asserted her own lreedom, and recovered for her sons the glorious liberty o the cbildret) of God. By whom or at what period the conversion of Britain to the Christian faith first took place, though a subject deeply interesting, must ever be involved in uncertainty and doubt. The present Bishop of Salisbury not on y seems to have collected all that has been said by others, but has added several learned and ingenious arguments o his own, to render it at least probable that St. Paul visiteo this island. The utmost that we learn from the New,Testament in connexin,n with the enquiry is, that the Apostle intended a journey into Spain, and designed taking Koine in his way. This last circumstance is conceived to derive importance from the fact that Britons of distinction were amongst the friends of St. Paul in that city, and at a period consistent with the theory of their having suggested to him the con- version of their native land, and accompanying him on the expedition. The mention of Spain is observable as being the nearest point to our shores spoken of by the Apostle, and, let me add, as a country from whose ports, at various early periods, much commercial intercourse was carried on with this country. The expression of Clemens Romanus which 'represents St. Paul as "having come to the borders of the West," may possibly have been designed to include Britain; but 7 this is all that can be inferred. Clem, flotirislied in the first century, and had been a companion of St. Paul. The passage in Irenaeus which speaks of Christian Churches among the Celts," may mean Britain, though it may also mean Germany or Gaul, and perhaps all three. lren lived in the second century. Tertullian, who flourished also in the second and third centuries, expressly names "Britain" as converted to Christianity. Eusebius. who lived in the beginning of the fourth centurv, speaks of the Apostles having visited the British isles." Theodoiet,in the beginning of the tntii century, mentions the Britons as converted by the Apostles, and particularly connects the name of St. Paul with the bringing of salva- tion to the island of the ocean." From an impartial consideration of these testimonies, it appears to me clear that Christianity was hrst proclaimed in Britain by an Api s le aid the concurrent circumstances render it far from improbable that St. Paul himself was that Apostle.. To such as feel interested in respect to tbe early record of Episcopal Government among us, it will be satisfactory to know that there were three British Bishops present at the Council of Aries, which was convened by Constantine in 314. These were of York, of London, and most probably of Lincoln-for colonia Lindi seems the true reading. It is not so certain, though maintained by some, that British Bishops attended the Council of Nice, A. D. 325. Athanasius mentions British Bishops in the Council of Sardica, A. D. 347. There were three in the Council of Ariminum, A. D. 369, Hilary dedicates his Book on Synods to the Bishops of the British Provinces—ob. 367. There were British Bishops present at the Synod of Verulam, in the middle of the fifth century. There were several British Bishops at the Conference held in Worces- tershire, at Augustine's Oak, towards the end of the sixth century. Nor can stronger evidence exist than is furnished hv that Conference of the independence of the British Church, and that its usages were, in many respects, at variance with those of the Roman. I Ye do many things," said Augustine, contrary to our custom." Having made this general allegation, he parti cularly asked of our venerable ancestors to conform to the Church of Rome in the observance of Easter-in the mim. istration of Baptism-and a1,,0 in regard to preaching the Gospel to -the English. The British Prelates were not hastily disposed to lay aside their ancient customs; and they refused to do so, unless sanctioned by the consent of the nation. A second Synod was called, at which seven British Bishops, and many Doctors from Bangor, then a monastery of great reputation, attended; but the result was no less adverse to Rome than before. The answer of Linoth, the AbLot, on the part of the British Church, to Augustine, soliciting subjection to the Church of Rome, has been preserved in its original form. It will doubtless be acceptable to such of my Brethren as may not, perhaps have seen it:— Bid hyspys a diogel i chwi, ein bod ni oil, un ac arall, yn ufudd ac yn ostyngedig i Eglwys Dduw ac i'r Pab o "Kufain, ac i bob gwir Gristion dwyfol, i garu pawb yn ei radd mewn cariad perffaith, ac i helpio pawb o honynt ar air a gweithred i fod yn blant i Dduw ac amgenach ufudd-dod na hwn nid adwaen i fod i'r neb yr ydych chwi yn enwi yn Bab, neu yn Dad o Dadau i'w gleimio ac i'w ofynii A'r ufudd-dod hwnyrydyin ni yn barod i'w roddi ac i dalu iddo ef. ac i bob Cristion yn dragywyddol. Hefyd, yr ydym ni dan lywodraeth Esgob Caerlleon ar Wysg, yr hwn syddyn olygwrdan Dduw arnom ni, i wneuthur i ni gadw'r ffordd ysprydol." IN ENGLISH. Be it assurediv known to you, that all of us, one as "well as another, aie obedient and subject to the Church of God, and to the Pope of Rome, and to every sincere godly Christian, to love every one in his station in perfect charity, and to aid every one of themlbywurd and deed to become the children of God. And other obedience than this I acknowledge not to him whom you call the Pope, or the Father of Fathers, to be claimed or demanded. And this obedience we are ready to give and to pay to him and to every Christian at all times. Besides, we are under the im government of the Bishop of Caerleon upon Usk, who is an overseer under God over us, to make us to keep the spiritual way." From this Document it is abundantly clear, that the British Church acknowledged no subjection at that time to the Roman, and had no communion with it, but was under the jurisdiction of its own independent Metropolitan, the Archbishop of Caerleon. From the otherfacts it is equally certain, that our fathers had received the Eastern customs, and not those of the Roman Church. It is probable that the seven Bishops who attended the Conference, were the Bishops of Worcester, Hereford, Bangor, Llandaff, St. Asaph, Llanbadarn, and Margam. Such were the suffragans of the ancient metropolitan See. It may also be worthy of recollection that Du Pin, a Romanist, exempts Britain from any subjection to the jurisdiction of the Roman Patriarch in the first ages.






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