(Co THE SUGAIi TRADE- P'led from official Returns for the year ended 5th of January, 1833.) Xh all The eiltir, Importation" of Unrefined, Sugar from was 4,6(i6,(>89 cwts., and c»ts. Th- cwts. making a total of 4,866,748 P'oduce • lS "nPonatlon consisted of the undermentioned froij] .1 YV«. British Plantations in the — IW le* 2,899,436 2 20 BrinTx8 & Berbice — — 874 018 2 18 — SiJ'rttNorlhAmerican Colonies. 12,118 I 7 *-Cam.a7eone 1 0 18 Of ood Hope 8,762 0 7 ritiu. 527,904. 1 10 J„ Possessions ;n tho E. Indies 131,654 1 22 C^K a,"d Ph,1'PPine Wands 43,578 3 1 IT.8''Po"° Rico, and St. Eustatius 214,430 2 3 united States of America 518 3 11 ?,razi1 147,315 0 5 plates of Rio de la Plata 3 119 UroPe 8,005 1 9 Total Importation.Cwts. 4,807,748 2 10 K ■ Qrie f appears that JatXaica supplied more than °f l^e whole quantity imported, viz. 1,431,689 third i^Cn We ^ave Trinidad, 312,265 and in the *her f ce' Barbados, 266,464. The Mauritius, tjj 8tands next in precedence to Jamaica for its the sugar to this country; and this island included, Cwt^0Ul1'r'es eastwards of the Cape furnished 703.137 f»u /A°^ t'1e year s importations; being less than one Ijjj? °f the quantity shipped Irom thu British West «uc'a •'anc*8> and under three-twentieths of all the titv ltT)Ported» It was less than one-fifth of the quan- to the United Kingdom by the whole of the bie Plantations, which include Demerara, Ber ill. ''1e ^or|h American Colonies, and from which talions 3,784,244 cwts. were received. •» e Exportations" consisted boih of Raw Sugar to 780nt and Refined Sugar to that of j "5 Raw Sugar exported was of the undermentioned desert ptions:— Brithh Plantation 5,398 Brit. growth Mauritius 10,146 East Indian 92,050 p 107,594 foreign Plantation 290,501 398,095 Of Refined Sugar the actual weight exported was 455,846c. 2q 71 b. or in cwts, of Raw Sugar 744 939 Total Exportation cwts. 1,143,034 "^he quarters, to which this exportation took place, Gere— Owis. ^ermaay .Raw, 50,835 Refined, 301,087 351,922 pa|y 67,461 ditto 222,530 289,991 Ju»Sla 37,568 ditto 131,614 169,182 jJetherland« 126 440 ditto 6,199 132,639 •j,Uss>a 54,916 ditto 15,708 70,690 fc^ey and Greece 3,310 ditto 26,865 30,175 North I 0A»«ica„Sonta}2-808 83.»3' *«•«» 9,726 ditto 3,702 13.428 wnian Islands 562 ditto 10,431 10.993 515 ditto 8,440 8,955 jj'braltar 55 ditto 8,211 8,266 Qe"mark 7,523 ditto 565 8,088 "er Countries, under 5,400 cwts. each 22,051 n Cwts. 1,143,034 Y"TIES.—The gross produce of the duties wa» as Sder:— £ 8. d. sugar from the British Plantations 4,595,377 7 11 Mauritius 631,600 4 9 East Indies 127,373 13 6 Foreign Plastation ) and Foreign Re- > S9 10 7 fined Sugar ) 4,354,440 16 9 b Deduct for Payments:— °Unties paid on Bri-) £ s. d.~| tiah Refined Sugary 949,172 17 2 Rexported ) 1 960,101 10 0 epaid on over en-I 10 929 10 ) trles, damages, J Net produce of the dutie. X3,39-t,338 17 9
INDIA. AND CHINA TRADE. rrom (he various documents, recently laid before the ton"'6 °■ Commons, we observe that the registered linage, employed by the East India Company in their g/oc/e with China, was for vessels which returned to '•gland with cargoes, during three seasons, as under:— Season 1828-1829 27,399 1829—1830 27,395 1830-1831 0 25,392 80,186 Average 26,7281 tons th 'rhe registered tonnage employed by the Company in t fteir trade to our Indian possessions, exclusive of ships Aching at ports of continental India on their voyage to lna, was, for the same seasons, as follows :— 1828-1829 6,883 1829—1830 6,536 1830—1831 5,486 18,905 Average 6,301 i Tons ''Hie average tonnage employed by the Company on 32tl) of these branches of their trade was, therefore, I~'030 1.3 tons a year equivalent to the annual eraploy- er,t of sixty-four vessels of 500 tons each. tb The details given of the TRADE WITH CHINA afford subsequent results Imports into China, 1830—31 b Dollars. Jf th» East India Company 4,502,888 ^eir Commanders and Officers 1,570,073 6,072,901 or £ l,214,592 1831—3? 'he East India Company 3,691,688 e'r Commanders and 0/Ticers 2,440,328 6,132,016 1,226,403 X2,440,995 b Exports from China 1830—31. |he East India Company 9,928,882 e" Commanders and Officers 1,327,555 11,256,437 2,251,287 1831 3?, rJ 'he East India Company 9,179,170 Commanders and Officers 1,902,082 1 i,081,252 2,216,2.50 n £ 4,467,537 p *he other hand, the trade carried on with China by lt'ate individuals under the British flag, was as under j. 1830—31. t^Ports into China 15,877,569 or £ 3,175,513 ^Ports from ditto 8,649,286 1,729,857 X4,905,370 1 1831—32. 15,408.225 or £ 3,081,645 *P°ru 6,223,266 1,244,653 X4,333,298 j, annual average value of the trade carried on 3 Company and their officers was, therefore, x\fi *>2661. whil>t that of the trade carried on by indi- was 4,619,3'j; so vYiat the extent of the latter *.165,0681. per annum greater than the former, or: ijf^hat beyond one-third more. Chi average annual value of the TEA exported from oft¡ lIa by Ihe Company was 1,506,2001., and by their >^ers 156,3001., forming a total of 1,752, £ 001. a year ,'le va,ue exported by individuals did not ex- td 30,1501. in 1830 I, and 42,5501. in 1831-2; which Yield an average of 36,3501. a year. cUlt^ e shall resume our extracts from the important do- fc e«Ww lying before us, and continue to accom- 5^ them with our notes of the general results which we Ve from them.
On the Uty 8 °f the 20th, Captain Parker, of the Royal Artil- A^.l^tered at Charlemont, rode his bay horse, the Jfa'» fr(>m CharlemoDt Fort to Newry and back in ^•les an<^ 25 minutes—a distance of 53 English Jiojjf The time allowed for the performance was three „* 5 but the captain having got contiderable odds that ^Uh »ot do it in two hours and half, won all his ?av^n8 minutes to spare. Thus did he ac- lbe astonishing distance of 21 miles an hour borse> which exceeds, by far, all feats of hor»e- ,'P e*er performed in the sporting world .—Dublin ninS Post.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE MERTHYR GUARDIAN. -.a SIR-Being a subscriber to,and a constant reader of your )Iper, those columns have naturally the most attraction or me which contain the particulars of the leg il transac- ions in Merthyr Tydvil. The convictions which have of ate been the most numerous and important, are those mder what is commonly denominated the Truck Act, 1st and 2nd William IV, c. 37) and as that Act is uni- rersally allowed to be one of the most carelessly drawn of hose that encumber our Statute Code, it may neither be jnprofitable or uninteresting, particularly at the pre- sent time, if I submit to your attention a few remarks upon one of the clauses of that Act that ias given rise to no small doubt and contu- sion. The clause I refer to is the 18th, the substance af which is that the commencement of every proceeding shall take place within three calendar months, to be com- puted from the commission of the offence. Now what, sir, I would ask of you, can the commencement of the pro- ceeding be, if it is not the laying the information, which is necessarily the firtt indispensable preliminary to, and which is the foundation for all the steps and parts of the pi-oceediiivs" that ensue ? All that this clause, if my view of it is correct, meant was to provide that if the informant did not prosecute his claim within the specified time, he should suffer for his own laches, the law being ever unwilling that the subject should be kept in a state of anxiety and suspense at the mere caprice and volition of another. If any authority were requisite in support of this opinion, I trust that the conclusive one I now abstract from the following cases will be deemed sufficient. The cases are, Brookshaw v. Hopkins, Lofft, 240; R. v. Fuller, Lord Raymond, 510; and Rex v. Kent, 1\1. T., 1730, 2 Lord Raymond, 1546; and there are unanimous in declaring thut it is absolutely essential in all proceedings to convict a party of an offence created or prohibited under a penal statute that there should be some information or complaint before the con- victing or some other justices. And it is laid down in a book of the highest authority, thrt-" An information is the first proceeding against an offender upon a sum- mary conviction."—Archboldon Convictions, p. 93. And can any one be ignorant that the issuing of the writ in a suit at common law is termed the commencement of pro. cecdings, and that if this issued out within the limit drawn by the Statute of Limitations, it will always pre- vent the statute from being pleaded asa bartoademar.d ? Is not the case precisely similar ? They are both instituted at the suit of an individual, and not necessarily by authority of the law; they are both the foundation of, and prelimi- nary to, all further proceedings, and in their effects they are precisely identical. Toconstruethe word proceedings in any other manner would be subversive both of the let ter and the spirit of the statute, and in vain will it be urged that the legal meaning of the word is process, or a proceeding stamped with legal authority. It wereindeed to be wished, both for the sake of the governed and the governor, that our statutes were more accurately and definitely penned, and that they were, as they are meant to be, an unerring standard to which every offence might be safely referred; but experience has proved otherwise instead of consulting for posterity ill the comprehensive spirit of legal philosophy, we accumulate statute upon statute, and precedent upon precedent till no in- dustry can acquire, nor intellect digest, the mass of learnmg that giows upon the paniing subject. And I feel confident that ail who are conversant with the work- ing of our penal code will concur ith me in my con- cluding observation, that to leave it to the breast of the judge to relax or to supersede solemn enactments whenever he shall think particular cases not within the reason of them, is a matter of greater mischief in its tendency and consequences than that which is intended to be obviated by it; for this is in fact making the discretion of the judge the only law in such cases^—an error which our forefathers seem to have been even illibe- rally studious to avoid for their creed seems to have been what I have read expressed in so much energy ( f language by a great judge of the last century The dhcretion of a judge is the law of tyrants it is always different in different men it is casual and depends upon constitution, u temper and pussion in the best it is oftentimes caprice in the worst it is every vice, reIly, and passion to which human nature is liable.* Trusting you will pardon the length the subject has in- advertently led me into, I am, sir, your warm and constant supporter, PHILODICiEUS. Lincoln's Inn, June 12, 1833. Lord Camden, in Doe v. Kersey, 1165, C.P.
EAST INDIA HOUSE. A special meeting of the Court of Proprietors took place Monday, to take into consideration further papers respecting the East India Company's Charter. By direc- tion of the Chairman, the coirespondenee, as well as the minutes of some previous Courts and Secret Committees, were rend. Mr. HANDLE JACKSOK then rose and addressed the Court. He thought the proprietors were in a situation to come to a final conclusion, and which he hoped would be a wise and lIseful one. The consideration of what had passed was brought into a narrow compass. The two leading points which had been submitted for their consideration was the mode in which the Company should be indemnified for giving up what it was admitted ihey could no longer hold; or whether they should give up their privileges uncondiiionally. The hon. proprietor paid a high eulogium to the zeal, ability, and patience with which the Directors had conducted the negotiations with Government. He concluded by moving a resolution, that the Court of Proprietors fully appreciated the mo- tives of the Court of Directors, and approved of their uegociations with the Government, and adopted their recommendation. The Court of Proprietors, however, had to request that the Court of Directors would lay before them a copy of the bill about to be laid before Parliament as soon as the same could be obtained, and call a special meeting to consider its provisions. Mr. RIG By seconded tiie resolution. Mr. FIELDING said, in the course of a few years it would be found that the plan proposed by Ministers, if carried, would be the total ruin of the trade of this country with India and China. Nothing could silve them from ruin, unless indeed they possessed the philosopher's stone. The Hun. Proprietor opposed the Ministerial plan. The question for the Proprietors to consider was, whether they would give up their property without a good and valid security tor it. If Ministers considered it necessary for the good of the country, they were in justice and duty bound to give compensation for any loss the Company might be subjected to. The Company, he would contend, had a right to retain thair property until fully satisfied with a guarantee against loss. He hoped the meeting, therefore, would not pass both the resolutions proposed to them. He hoped the Diiectors would see that, in the Bill, there would be a security that the proprietors should receive their dividends in London. Mr. ALERS HANKEY said the first point was the gua- rantee' fund. He was of opinion three millions was a more proper sum than two millions, and in justice, they were entitled to ask for a larger sum than even three millions. The company ceded a territory ten times larger than this country, and a population five times larger. Sir CHARLES 110RRES was not at all satisfied with the question as it then stood. He saw nothing in the amended plan of government to alter his objection to it. The guarantee fund ought to be at least three millions. The chartered rights of the Company ought not to be taken away without their being made the subject of arbi- tration. The Directors had abandoned the monopoly of the China trade, without making sufficient stand against it, and without sufficient compensation. Why should the East India Company give up their assets without receiving security for their full value? Was the Chinese trade within their grasp or not ? If it was, he would do every thing in his power to preserve it. He did not care what was said about monopoly, for he was sure in this case it would be for the benefit of China and the British public, that the trade with China should remain in the hands of the Company. Until the bill passed the legis'ature. the question was still open to dis- cussion, and he hoped the different trading interests in the metropolis and the country would take up the subject, and call public meetings. The hon. baronet addressed the Court for more than an hfJur ana a nan, and concluded by stating, that he could not support the resolution that had been proposed. He should not propose an amend- men!, but content himself with strongly entering his dissent to the government plan, as unjast to India, the East India Company, and the public at large. Dr. GILCHRIST said, as the Company had fought for this country, they ought to have their property protected by the government, and he trusted that when the bill was brought into parliament they would use every exertion to secure their rights. Mr. CARRUTHERS thought the sum proposed by mi. nisters very ample and very liberal, and that the terms offered ought at once, without deliberation, to be accept- ed by the Court of Proprietors. Mr. TWINING thought, when the vast sacrifices the East India Company were called upon to make was con- sidered, that it was only reasonable that they should have a guarantee fund of at least three millions. Ovt he whole, however, he though' it most desirable to agree t». the terms proposed by government. Mr. LOWNDES made some observations amidst loud cries of question. A resolution to the effect that the Directors be autho- rised to accept the terms proposed by government was then put from the chair, and carried without a division. The Court adjourned at a quarter before six o'clock. During the last two hours the attendance of Proprietors was very thio, thete not being more than from 40 to 50 present. POST OFFICE REGULATIONS. I Law Society's Hall, 6th June, 1833. Sir,—I am directed by the Committee of Management of the Incorporated Law Society to request the favour of your informing me, for the use of the members of this Society, whether the Post Master General considers the transmission of one letter in each parcel as illegal, under the provisions of the Act passed in the 5th year of the reign of his late Majesty King George the Fourth. I shall be much obliged by all early answer, and am Sir, your obedient servant, M. B. Peacock, Esq. R. MAUGHAM. Solicitor to General Post Office. General Post Office, 8th June, 1833, Sir,—I have to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 6th instant, and to inform you in reply, that under the 5th, Geo. 4, c. 20, his Grace the Post Master General considers the transmission of any letter with a parcel illegal, unless the letter concern goods sent by a common known carrier of goods, with and for the purpose of being delivered with the goods that such letter may concern, without hire or reward, profit or advantage. I am Sir, your very obedient servant. 1\1. B. PEACOCK, Solicitor. R. Maugham, Esq., &_c. & •. &c., Law Institution.
THE BANK QUESTION. The Committee of Country Bankers have resumed their sittings at Radley's Hotel. Bridge street, Black- friars, under the presidency of II. Hobhouse, Esq., bro- ther of the late Member for Westminster. It will be in the recollection of our readers, that this Committee, emanating from the entire of the provincial Bankers (nouninfluential body), sat several weeks during the last year, upon the subject which has now again brought them together. A meeting of the whole body of provincial Bankers, or Shareholders in Joint Stock Companies, was appointed to be held at two o'clock on Saturday, which took place at that hour, but was strictly private. It is said to be the intention of this wealthy and most respectable body to call a general public meeting, in a day or two, upon the subject of Lord Althorp's proposi- tions. We presume those propositions are not greatly relished by the country bankers.
AGRICULTURE, COMMERCE AND LONDON MARKETS. IN LIVERPOOL COTTON MARKET, June II.-WC had a very quiet market today, and the sales do not exceed 1500 bags, at yesterday's prices. LIVERPOOL, June I I.-Of wheat the imports con- tinue moderate; but the arrivals of the last two days have swollen the supplies of oats, flour, and oatmeal to rather a large amount. Since this day sennight the wheat trade has been in the same languid state we have, for several weeks past, had occasion to note and even picked samples have with difficulty maintained their previous value secondary and inferior qualities have been offered on decidedly lower terms, Piime marks of flour have been in fair demand, and have realized our last quotations. A few parcels of low priced oats have been taken for provender but for mealing qualiiies the demand has been very limited 0n Friday, however, 2s 7d was ob. tained for choice Newry. The few Wicklow on the mar- ket were held at 2s 8d and good West of Ireland at 2s 5d to 2s 6d per 451bs. A little good Irish meal has been sold at 21s to 21s Cd per load, but few holders would accept these prices. One or two cargoes of Welsh barley have been taken at 3s 9d to 3s lOd per 601bs. in English there has been very little passing at late rates. Rather higher prices have been obtained for beans. Pease are in a little more request. There are numerous inquiries for bonded flour, both for export and on speculation. 17s 6d has been refused for sour; old sweet, of which there is now little remain- ing. is held at 22s to 23s per bairel. Today's Market was again dull. The best qualities of wheat must be noted Id, and general runs about 2d per 70lbs cheaper than last Tuesday. A few cargoes ot West of Ireland Oats were sold at 2s 4d to 2s 5d per 451be.; and some speculative purchases occurred in oatmeal at 21s 6d to 21s 9d per load. Flour was difficult of sale inferior marks were offering on rather lower terms. SPILSBY CORN MARKET, June 10—Wheat 46s to 54s, barley 22s to 26s, oats 14s to 18s, rye 28s to 30s and beans 30s to 32s. LINCOLN CORN MARKET, June 7.—We had a fail supply of wheat, which was taken off at last week's prices no barley offered; oats steady beans more in demand, at rather higher prices. Wheat 50s to 57s, oats 13s to 20s, barley 20s to 2Gs, and beans 33s to 37s per qr. HEREFORD.—Owing to the long continued drought, the wheat and barley crops were looking somewhat weak and sickly, and the late genial showers, therefore, so long anxiously desired, literally fell like 11 drops of fatness" upon the parched and thirsty earth. The rapidity of tbe growth of hop. is, we believe, almost without precedent, and the rain must be of service in dislodging the fly, of which, however, at present we hear but little complaint in this county. Hay harvest, which had partially coro- menctd in this neighbourhood, will now be somewhiu retarded, but with much heavier crops. Clover is look- ing beautiful and promises an abundant produce. In the orchards throughout this county, the indications of a bit" of fruit at the commencement of the blossom are likely to be fully realized; in fact the present is antici- pated to be a most excellent fruit year—a circumstance highly gratify ing, as a good supply of the county beve. rage is at all times most acceptable to our agriculturists. EAST RETFORD, June 5.-Witliiii the recollection tlf the oldest inhabitant, the hop plantations never had a more promising appearance than they have at present; notwithstanding the late dry weather, they have conti- nued to run up the poles, in some instances as much as six or seven inches a day, and the accumulation of filth was trifling, compared with what might have been ex- pected from the continued aridity of the atmosphere. Ti.e foliage ot the bine is exceedingly strong, and since last Sunday night s rain it has been as clear and as luxfiriam as the most ardent desire of a crop would wish for. The prices of old hops are upon the decline.
DEATH OF THE CHIEF JUDGE OF CALCUTTA. -By the John Hayes, which arrived here on Thursday, we have received intelligence ef the death of Sir Stephen Russell, Chief Judge of Calcutta. The event, we are informed, took place on the 22d of January, on board tlK* Enterprise steamer, bound to Penang, whiiher this la- mented gentleman was repairing for the benefit of his health. His death, however, was premature and unex- Pe(;tcd. -Liverpool Chronicle.
THE ————————— LATEST LONDON INTELLIGENCE. 40. Owing, we presume, to the boisterous state of the weather, we are without any arrivals from France. The BrusseIsPapers,to the 10th inst.,received on Thurs- day, contains the speech of the provisional President of the Chamber of Representatives on the opening of the Session. LISBON, MAY 20. (OFFICIAL.) A despatch from the Conde de S. Lourenoo of the 16th of May states, that according to the report of the in- spector of the military hospitals north and south of the Douro, the troops of the army of operations happily enjoyed excellent health. (NON-OFFICIAL PART.) COIMBRA, MAY 25. On the 18th six Frenchmen, and nine Portuguese na- tives of the island, came in here, having deserted from the rebels at Oporto. Extract of a letter from the battery at Tancos of the 17ih of May — Yesterday, the 16:h, the unhap iy anniversary of the rebellion at Oporto in 1828, orders were given for the whole line of our batteries in the north end south of the Douro; to open their fire on the rebels shut up in that city, which was done with such vigour, that it seemed as if the day of judgment was come for that city, the Foz, and the vicinity. Everywhere the greatest courage was displayed, but particularly in the bat- teries of Barbacena, Tancos, D. Miguel I Castello de Gaya, Ist, 2d, 3d, by which an immense number of houses were destroyed and people killed. That of the Castello de Gaya produced the greatest effect, in conse. quence of ita incomparable position, with the largo gun, which sunk two vessels belonging to the rebels of two boats full of rebels, who were passing to the Serra, one was sunk. Lastly, having levelled a great number of houses, it silenced all the enemy's batteries within its range, viz. those ef the Serra, Torre de Marca, Victoria, and two in the Virtudes; the laiter were not only silenced, but some of the officers and soldiers killed, and the co- lours shot away. This battery alone fired before noon 215 shot, among which were 102 bombs; so that the inhabitants of the city were in consternation, and aban- doned their houses to die in the streets.Co)-rcio do Porto. MAY 21. A letter from Rio Tinto of the 19th says :—" The deserters who have come in agree with respect to the great damage and loss of life in Oporto caused by the fire of our artillery on the 16th. The new battery of the Castello de Gaya does great injury to the city, and com- mands the Douro. On the 16th, when the two yachts were sunk, a small armed schooner was also sutik. Dis- eases again afflicted the city at the beginning of this month, and with much greater violence, carrying off 200 persons daily. After the 10th they began to abate. The troops and the rebels had also suffered, and in some corps the number of victims was considerable. "-Correio do Porto. May 22. A letter from Villa Nova de Gaya of the 19th inntant says, 11 Misery and all kinds of disasters continue in Oporto, and our artillery does not cease to destroy build- ings and kill people in the city. The batteries of the bar, &c. do their duty, and it is only by night that some boats can escape, covered by the fire of the Foz, for by day absolutely nothing can escape.Coi-reio do Porto. VILLA NOVA DE GAYA, May 21. Yesterday, five soldiers of the rebels and two peasants came from the Foz, who said that the people in the city were becoming every day more exasperated, being no longer able to endure such robberies, misfortunes, and calamities. AGOAS SANTOS, MAY 24. A Frenchman and two Germans arrived here yesterday, and today a Portuguese and two Frenchmen deserted from Oporto. A letter from the battery of Don Miguel It of May 21, says :—" Our batteries continue their fire, and those of the Castello de Gaya do much damage in the city. On the 19th the balls of the battery sunk two filing boats, dismasted another, and a boat fell into our hands. The fire of our entrenchments of the Cabedello has killed and wounded many persons. The countrymen who came from La Serra say that one bomb, which fell into the quarters of the rebels there in the night of the 17tb, killed twelve men."— Correio do Porlo. ST. MAMEDE DA INFESTA, MAY 27. Today two seamen from the rebel squadron deserted to us, who say that it is in a most lamentable condition, and that the greatest discontent Prevails-that for nine months the men had not received any part of their pay- that the provisions were of the worst qualitY-I hat they had no wine or brandy-that they received only a quarter of a loaf daily, and no more that every night many men deserted from the ships of war to the merchantmen, and that though it is certain that some provisions are landed every night, yet the quantity was not great, and that theie were continually boats upset, &c,
BAIL COURT, JU-E- 8. THE BISHOP OF BRISTOL V. THE INHABITANTS OF BRISTOL. This was an action to recover from the corporation and inhabitants of the city of Bristol, compensation for the amount of damage sustained by the Right Rev. Bishop during the late riots in that city. Mr. Follett this day moved for a rule to show cause why the case should not be tried at the ensuing Assizes for the county of Somerset, at Bridgewater, before the Judges of 'he Assize, instead of before the Sheriff for the county, as various points of law are likely to arise.-Rule granted. THE LATE CARMARTHEN ELECTION. THOMAS V. SAUNDERS AND ANOTHER. Mr. Evans moved for a rule to show cause why the venue in this case should not be changed from Carmar- then to the county of Glamorgan, upon the ground that a fair and impartial trial could not be had at the former place. The plaintiff, it appeared, was an attorney, and had taken an active part in the late election for Carmarthen on the side called the" blue party," the" red party" being the more popular side and the plaintiff brought this action to recover compensation from the defendants, J. E. Saunders and Timmins, Esqrs. magistrates, for an alleged false commitment Rule granted.
COURT Oi KING'-S-BENCH, JUNE 12. CARMARTHEN RIOTS. I THE KING V. MOSS. I This was an application to remove the venue. It was an indictment for riot, and the application was made on the ground that the defendant could not have a fair trial in the borough of Carmarthen, in consequence of the political feelings which pervaded all the jurors. The Court allowed the indictment to be tried at Brecon, THOMAS V. SAUNDERS AND ANOTHER. This was an action against two magistrates of Carmar- then for corrupt conduct and false imprisonment of the plaintiff. A motion was made to enter a suggestion on the roll, that a fair trial could not be had in Carmarthen, or, in other words, to change the venue. Sir J. Scarlett opposed the application. The country, he said, appeared in a bad state, as there reemed to be a general understanding that a fair trial could not be had in any part where rioting and offences were com- mitted. The Court also ordered this cause to be tried at Brecon.
SAVAGE ATTACK BY WHITEFEET—A party of Whitefeet went about nine o'clock on Thursday evening to the house of George Dormer, a comfortable farmer living at Feroda, within a mile of Castlecomer, and a tenant to the Earl of Carrick. They demanded admit, tance, which being refused, they forced open the door, and two or three fellows entered, one of whom fired at the old man. Dormer the shot unfortunately took effect, the two balls having lodged in his thigh but slight hopes are entertained of his recovery. Immediately after the shot was fired, Dormer's son caught hold of the muzzle of the gun and dragged it out of the villain s hand who had attempted to murder his father.
LOJS'DON MONEY MARKET. CITY, THURSDAY EVENING. The grand anniversary of the charity children of the metropolis at St. Paul's has caused the Stock Exchanges to be deserted, and Consols are heavy at 90 (buyers.) The private letters from Lisbon state that they are on the eve of some important even! it is also stated that the Duke de Cadaval is dead. Consols continue heavy at 9°! j} for the Account, with little doing. In the Foreign market they are chiefly occupied in making up their accounts against to-morrow, it being settling-day in the Foreign Funds.
LONDON PRICES OF STOCh. Friday. Satur Uon. Tuea. Wed. Tl>urt> SDerCsnt.Cons. Cons, tor Acct. 90j| 90J 90^ j 9I)J 9,u S 90| 4 per Cent. Re<l. 89J 89$j S9j i 89^ S9| g §91 34 pcrCent. Red. 96$9Sf f 90| 7 96^ 3 9G| f 964 NewSjperOent. 4 percent., 182t 103* 4 lo3i 10% 102^ £ 102j J 102$ Bank Stock. 204^ j 203* 4j 201 5 |20t 5 204 5 204 Lonu Annuities ir £ i7i" 17j IT4 174 Exchequer Bills,50 52 .r.O 2 SO 2 50 51 50 51 50 51 India ior.ds. :29 30 29 30 30 1 "29 31 28 31 |29 31 Belgian ;89* j 91J jf 90* 91J j 91$j 19,j Braiilian BomU;65i 4 ">'i 3 6'i i |l5'$,:7 f ,*>7i Chilian Bonds.. !25 4 25 6 26 11 J6 27 I2G 27 127 Colombian, 182^ 231$22 23 21$23} 24^23* 4j 24i t)anish HoiiQ3.. j7_j^ 7444 74 4- 74 44 j74 4* |74i D(itclr2 £ perCenii494 f 49j) | 48j & 19$494 i 49| French5perCen! Ditto 3 per Cent! j. Greek5 per Cent ;39j J 39 40 >39 4 0 39 41 39 41 41 »Iexiccui6perCt.;3t$5 35j 6 J35J Gi 35J 6 35j 6 ;3S Portuguese .159 (10 t>o| 60i 61 6o| i 59J 60 60 Pltto Serin 23 2 dl«2 1 f .lis 1| it di«,l|S <1N 2j l| d.| Rusiiian Bonds. 104i 4 104J i 1104, 5 Il04j 5 ]104| f 104j Spanish Bonds. 19^ |19;S 20 1193 I9j I9f
MERTHYR 7 YDVIL, SATURDAY, June 15,1833. His Majesty's Ministers, in acceding to the pro- posal of the West India body as to the increase of the compensation to be awarded to them, have acted with a degree of political wisdom, for which we cheerfully give them the deserved meed of applause. We consider this concession highly to he prized, not only as an endeavour to reconcile conflicting parties, and a tribute totlie dictates of justice, but as denot ing- an inclination, in the future conduct of the great measure in hand, to listen to information given by those who have from experience some knowledge of that portion of the empire which is affected by it. Much as the advocates of Emanci- pation must rejoice that the fiat has gone forth," we conceive there is not one of them but must be sensible that the difficulties of the subject are now only going to begin. It is a well known fact that the sense in which the negroes understand the word Emancipation is literally incompatible with that which his Majesty's Ministers, and Mr. BUXTON, Mr. STEPHENS, Admiral FLEMING, and Lord SUF- FI ELD attach to it. The persons upon whom this mea- sure is to operate, 800,000 individuals, of the lowest grade, intellectually speaking, in wl.:eh the human race has been found, are suddenly lifted from the foot to the highest stpp of he political ladder: at the same time their definition of the word Emanci- pation is derived, not from any conception of inde- pendence springing from, or connected with industry, but from the only state of things that is before their eyes—a class of freemen living in opulence with little or no exertion. Not to dwell upon partial collisions produced by the revenge or hatred of these men towards their masters (all evil which we fear the civil power will find not easy to correct), it will require every exertion of wise and watchful legislation to infuse into them that triumph over indolent propensities, that just sense of the happiness acquired by useful industry, wilhout which the boon conferred upon them will be any thing but a blessing. Upon the due performance of this great task of political conversion depends the question, whether the negroes shall in a short time become the victims of want, and, through want, of crime in all its forms or whether they shall be by this measure of Emancipation elevated to that point in the scale of humanity, which it is the sanguine wish of the Emancipists that they should attain. Upon this depends the question whether the British Colonies shall remain to the mother country a spling of wealth and in arm of strength, or whether we shall see our shipping, our commerce, our trade, and the employment and subsistence of a large proportion of our industrious countrymen rapidly crumble away. For success in this, as in all other endtavours that have good for their object L, we must lay the foundation in the right place, and m we must lay it deep. As we have before said, if a pious and enlightened teacher of the Christian Gospel had been thirty years ago invited to reside on every large estate in the western colonies, the mind of the people, to whom this great political experiment is now to be applied, would by this time have been ripened for the change. What in this sense has been too long neglected, it is wise now to lose no time in doing- We say wise, not only as speaking with a due estimate of spiritual blessings, but even in the worldly sense of the term Political Wisdom. The colonies not only have been a mine of wealth and a tower of strength to the mother country but in the loss of them under our present circumstances, our industrious classes will suffer unspeakably more than we suffer already from the national debt. It is quite delusion to suppose that the colonies will remain, at least that they will remain at all productive to us now, uuless habits of industry and propriety of conduct are instilled into the negro population but it is a far greater delusion to suppose that these habits can ever be inculcated but by beiiinning at tiie beginning, and by implant.. ing deeplv, and without allov, the principles of that Christian Revelation, which alone has converted man from the mere creature of instinct that vege- tates in pagan lands, to the civilized, intelligent and upright member of British society. But there are temporal exertions immediate, necessary, and which weshall he wanting in the duty of diligence if we do not make. To the clouded and untaught minds of the negro race there is perhaps no sentiment of propriety equally iineiiigioie, and likely to be successfully cultivated, as that of jus- tice in all things between man and man: and if it be intended to promote Emancipation, with the solid advantages which are supposed to be annexed to tilt, name, the earnest attention of the legislature must be applied to Divine means for the inculcation of sound Christian doctrine, and to enforce a practical observance of the rules of justice. In the successful pursuit of these objects much may be done by the cordial cooperation of the government with the colonial proprietors; and they are objects for which no pecuniary price that can be named is above their >mp«rtance. We have not thought it necessary to alter th. foregoing remarks, although, as our readers will perceive by our Parliamentary Report, the We^t India Question may be considered as all but finally arranged. Mr. STANLEY'S resolutions, in THE amended form announced in tiie GAZETTE AND GUARDIAN of last week exclusively, have passed the House of Commons. So correct, as well as exelu- she indeed was our information, that not a single London journal was in possession of it until after its publication at Merthyr and the arrival of our paper in London.
The intelligence received this week from France presents no feature of importance, s:ive the depar- ture of the Duchess of Berry from the citadel of lilaye, the place of her long confinement, to P.ilei-i-iio.. This event took place on Saturday last. The trial of the Misses Du (iuiny has terminated in their acquittal. The Belgian paptrs bring the account of the opening of the Chambers and the speech of the King. The tone is pacific, and a reduction of the army is calculated upon. This address has made little impression. The return of M. Dedel, the Dutch envoy on a special mission to England, to his own country, has excited the most contradictory rumours respecting the future amicable progress of the negotiations for a definitive treaty. From Spain we learn nothing but the exten- sive preparations for the approaching Cortes. The struggle in Oporto is becoming more deadly and dreadful in its effects. The town is suffering all the complicated horrors of a siege-a continued bom- bardment and deficiency of supplies. Notwith- standing the professed neutrality of the Ministers, continued equipments are forwarded only to pro- tract this dreadful warfare. The accounts from Germany, Italy, and Switzerland, teem with details of slight emeutes, which are immediately suppressed by the authorities. The affairs of the East continue much in the same train. Positive assurances of the immediate evacuation of the Turkish territory, both by the Russian and Egyptian troops, are given; but authentic information of the actual fact has not yet been received. A Miramichi paper of May 7th states that the Calypso packet, which sailed from Halifax on the 29th of January, had put into one of the West India islands, dismasted. Great apprehensions have been entertained relative to the safety of this packet. Jamaica papers to the 30th of April have been received. Major General Sir Willoughby Cotton was about to leave the colony for a short time for the benefit of his health. Sir James Carmichael Smyth, the present governor of the Bahamas, was to be removed to Demerara, and succeeded by Mr. Balfour. A Portuguese vessel from Sf.Thomas's, on the African coast, out forty days, had been wrecked off Old Harbour, near Rocky Key she had 303 slaves on board when she sailed, of which number 232 were saved and landed at Old Harbour. The island had been visited by an excessive drought. The most intense anxiety prevailed upon the subject of the ministerial plan of emancipation. The elec- lions for representatives had terminated in the return of the old members, so that little has been gained by the dissolution. Barbados papers to the 25th of April state that the elections for members of the new House of Assembly were proceeding, and the islands were all iranquil. Newfoundland papers to the 10th of May contain afflicting accounts of the loss of life and shipping, in consequence of tempestuous weather. Another calamity was the failure of the seal fishery. A great number of the sealing vessels had returned very poorly fished, and the average catch was far below that of preceding years. We have received New York papers to the 17th of May. Letters from New Orleans, dated April 30, state that the cholera had re-appeared at that place. The deaths for some days had been un- usually great, and the disease was very rapid in it« progress, carrying off the persons attacked after a few hours' illness. The latest accounts from Albany, and the papers from the north, furnish melancholy details of the effects of some heavy rains that have fallen. At Albany the damage has been very great. In the annual Spring Freshet" attendant on the breaking up of the ice and the dissolving of the snow, the river had seldom reached a greater height. The lower part of the city was completely inundated, and the loss of property was immense. The latest intelligence from Mexico mentions that the inauguration of Santa Anna had taken place in Mexico amidst great rejoicings. Busta- mente lives retired, though not out of military ser- vice, in La Moneda, in the city of Mexico. There was a current report that the Gachtipines,$>r Spa- niards that are settled in that country, were again beginning to conspire with the Bustamentoniana against the present government. The party of Bustamente had openly charged General Santa Anna with having commenced the civil war last year solely to obtain the office of President., Letters from Havana of the 5th of May state that the price of coffee had risen. About two • birds of the crop had been exported. Sugars were also higher; some planters had lost their whole crops in consequence of the prevalence of cholera among the slaves. Calcutta papers to the 10th February have been received their contents are not important. The remains of the late Chief Justice of Calcutta were interred on the 22d of January in the burial-ground of that place.
His Excellency Don Juan Vial, the new Minister Plenipotentiary from Spain to this country, has arrived in town. The Chevalier Cordoba, Charge d'Affaires, sets off for Con- stantinople, to which place he has been appoint- ed Minister. He will be greatly regretted here, on account of his great literary, no less than his political attainments. GUARDIAN CLUB.—-On Thursday last a nu- merous and respectable meeting of this Constitutional association was held at the Ram inn, Boston. \Ve are glad to find that the Club has considerably increased its members of late.- Ilostoit He-ald. ARRIVAL OF LIEUT. HOLMAN IN EXETER. | his gentleman, known as the extraordinary "Blind Traveller," has arrived in this city, after an absence of six years, during which time he has been travelling round the globe, visiting the most interesting countries on his way that the time would admit of.- JVao/mer's Exeter dnzette. The diving bell, with its apparatus, is now employed in raising the remaining po; tion of the Al-eiga. ven y East Indiaman,which was someyiars since wrecked in Weymouth Bay. THE EARLY TRADE OF LONDON.-It appears by the great roll of the Exchequer, tb,t in the first year of the reign of King John, the farm of the Cambium, of Exchange of London, was let upon lca->e for a term of ten years, to one Guy de Von, who stood indebted io the Crown (in the fourth year of the same reign) in the sum of one thousand and sixty pounds, eight shillings, and four pence, for the farm of the said Exchange which proves the trade of London to have been very great at that time. A COMICAL DEATH SCENE.-At the end of the drama on Monday evening, when the Wizard Skiff was performed, several unlucky corpses fell rather beyond the scope of the currain. A general movement com- menced ami ngst the slain, and various gentlemen, with gashes in their midriff, deliberately rolled themselves out of sight, amidst the roars of the house This shoit-s that the dead men of the Adelphi are not quite alive to scenic effect.-Edinburgh T4catrical Record,
LONDONTXTRN EXCHANGE, JUNITTO. We have been very moderately supplied with grain in general since this day sennight, and the arrival of Wheat this morning was rather short, chiifly from Essex and Kent, and the continuance of dry weather being considered unfavorable to the glowing crops, the trade generally was brisk, and fine parcels met a ready sale at an advance of from Is to 2s per quarter, whilst other sorts were taken oflT freely at improved prices. Barley is full Is per quarter dearer. Beans and Pease of both sorts have advanced about 2s Der ouarter. Wheat, Essex Red 45s a 50s White 34a a 3G Fine 54s a bls Boilers 38s a 4(!s —8 a —8 Beans, Small 35s a 41s White 52s a 56s Ticks 28s a .Ms Fine x 5S< Harrow 30* a 3;i, Superfine GOs a 63s Oats, Feed 18s a m.- —9 a —s Fine a 21s Rye a 30* Poland 19s a *20s Bailey a 32.. Fine 218 a 2;}s Malt sOs a 56< Potatoe -4s a 25s Fine a 60s Fine. 25s a 20 Peas, Hog a 32? Bran 8s a8 (;j Maple 32s a Sis Pollard,0u» 16s a lss J UNE l. The supplies of wheat are rather large this week, but moderate of other articles. The wheat trade was quite a* dear as on Monday, though there was not much business done. Fine oats were rather dearer again todaY,1 and all descriptions were ready sale at Monday's quotations. Very few heans at market, and the holders are asking extravagant prices. LONDON COAL MARKET, JUNE 10. Price of Coal per ton at the close of business Adairs, 14s 6d—Hebburn, 14S-lIolywcll, 14s 6.1— Orde's Redheugh, 12s 6d—Pontop Windsor, 15;—Tun field, 17i— Townley, 13s 3d^—West Hartley, 14s-— Lamhton Primrose, 14s—Tees' Tanfield, 13$—Hartley, 14s.-Wall's End Brown's, 13. 9d-Gosfonh 14s 9d— Heaton, 15s 3d—Hilda, 13s6d_HotspUr, 13s Gd-Ne- march, 138 (;d-Northuniberlaiid, 13s 6d— Perkins, 13s 6d Riddell's, 148 OJ—Hetton. 16s 3d_Itusse]i's Hetton, 16s 3d-Ditto Stewart s, lGs-Lamhton 16s 91 Adelaide, 14s 3d- Gordon, 14s 3d—Tees, 15s Gd.- Ships arrived, 57. JUNE 12. Beaumont, 13s Gd-Chester, 12s Gd-Ellison, L. w Main, 13s 3d-Hebburn, 13s d-Holywdl, 14-Ordc'l\ Redheugh, 12s—Pontop Windsor, Us 9d_Shipcoie, 13s 3d—Sonth Holywell, lIs-Townley, 13s 3d— Wy- lam, 14s 9d Bell's Primrese, 138 3d-Lambton Prim- rose, J3s fld-Cowpen. ^s-^Hartley, 14s_Howard's Netherton Main, 12s 6d—New FIockton, Milne and Co. 12s-Silkstone, Field and Co. 12.s-Londonderry, 23s— Wall's End Tees, 15s to 15s 3d-Adelaide, J 3. GJ- Stewart's, 15s 9d—Lambton, 16s 3d—.Hetton, I5s9d— Blake, 12s 6d—Brown's, 13s 3d-Gosforth: 14, Gd- Heaton, 14s 9d to 15s-Hilda, 13s to 13s 3d-Hotspur, 13s—Killir.gworth, 13s 6d—Newmarch, 13s—North- umberland, 13s 6il—Perkins, 13s-U1Ùdell\, 14s GJ- Ships arrived, 102.
PRICES OF SHARES—THURSDAY Per Share. Per Sharr Anglo Mexican 12 Del Monte 29 United ditto )2^ IJraziliau 63 Colombian y Holanos 140