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THE FALKLAND ISLANDS, CAPE…

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THE FALKLAND ISLANDS, CAPE HORN. These Islands which have long been a bone of warm contention between the United States of America and the Buenos Ayrian people, are now in the formal pos- session of the British Government and if no dispute arise as to the possession from prior claims by the French, or United States, or Buenos Ayrien Govern- ment, they may prove of very great value to British vessels bound either for whale or seal fishing, or for other purposes in the Pacific. In West Falkland there ate few if any inhabitants. The country in East Falkland is superior to that in the West. The Buenos Ayrien Government have had a settlement in the latter for about three years, but the visit of the United States ships for seal catching has occasioned such disputes and constant squabbles, that an American ship of war, some months back, carried the governor off with him. The harbour of Port Louis in East Falkland, which lies in lat. 51 32 S., Ion. 58 3 W., is a safe port, where refreshments can always be had. There are from 15 to 20 small houses, but at present only about 22 to 25 inhabitants, who are principally from Buenos Ayres. Upon East Falkland Island there may be about 7,000 head of cattle, the greater part of which are running wild. They have increased from about 20 or 30, which were put upon the island by the French, when they had an establishment there in 17G4. For the last three years the.Buenos Ayrean Government have been killing at the rate of from 1,000 to 1,200 head annually. This is, we believe, now put a stop to and it is probable that some competent British authority will be at no great distance of time settled there. Fine cattle of three hundred weight may be bought for about two guineas a head, and smaller at 25s. to 30s. Pigs, geese and ducks are very abundant, and easily to be obtained rabbits swarm there, and are very tame- the skins large and with good fur, which rabbits may be had for about twopence each. The sea is very productive of fine fish and if there were there a supply of Bour, tea and sug,r, (of which a depot might be easily made) meat, milk and butter being in such plenty, this place would be of high importance for the supply of refresh- ments to shipping. A beneficial trade might be carried on for cod fillh. to salt and dry for the Catholic countries, and of which many tons have been cureil recently and answered well at PlatA and Itio Janiero. A good supply of garden seeds and some better agri- cultural tools would soon make a very manifect improve- ment. Rye, barley, beans,^and hardy grains, would flourish with but little labour and but little risk. The wild cattle are caught there with the lassoe, which, when brought into practice, is far superior to the tedious ope- ration of bringing them down with the rifle. As the whalers always pass in sight of the islands, when outward bound, and as there is neither danger in the approach nor port charges when there, the ships should now look there for the refreshments they will find that they need after a voyage round the Cape, or in the prospect of it when they are fished and homeward bound.

MELA NCIIOLYCA TA S TJiO Pll…

FASHION AND LITERATURE.

THE FACTORY COMMISSION. I-

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MISCELLANEOUS GLEANINGS.

FROM FRIDAY'S LONDON GAZETTC…

HOUSE OF LORDS, JUKE 11.

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