All accounts agree in stating that the apple trees throughout Somerset afford a flattering prospect of an abundant crop.ithe bud is considered in most instances too firmly fixed to be affected by a May frost, or cold winds, should either occur. The price of cider in the S"uth Hams has consequently fallen to about 3& per bsrrel.-Shcrbourne Journal' MINES OF SAXONY.—The 528 shafts in the Freiberg and Schneeberg mining districts, which yield silver, tin, bismuth, cobalt, vitriol, and arsenic, employ 8,684 miners, besides 1,589 mechanics and labourers; and afford support to a mining population of n,27:i males, and 6,743 married females, who have 13,423 chil- dren under fourteen years of age. The metals and mine- rals extracted from these mines in 1831 produced a sum of 267,3001,
THE CHARLESES OF FRANCE.—It is deserving of rem. ark, that, with the one solitary exception of Charles the lull, everyone of the sovereigns of France of this pwnomen since the days of Charlemagne should have brought calamities on his own head. or that of his lieges. Charles the Bald was no better than a tool of the Nor- r,ns the Lusty was deposed in the reign of Simple, France was laid waste by the Nor- h nt*u ",arJe* the Fourth was seldom out of a sick c amber •, Charles the Sixth went out of his mind amidst the iiitestine commotions which constantly desol-ited his lominions; Charles the Seventh was, on every occasion, 1 6 fU'rn by the English for seven -and -t men1 y years (1423 to 1450 and lost half his territory Charles the Eighth was Spoiled of Burgundy, Artois, Cliarolois, and Ccrdag- 'v; a/L re?00k a '°°l's rnarch to Naples; Charles the i n s aughtered his Protestant subjects by wholesdle unng the Hugonot wars, and deluged Paris with their 7v»/<i!1 ^ftholomew's night; and Charles the .ayenged the loss of his crown upon his subjects by leaving them at the mercy of Louis PHILIP, ''ihe sovereign title of His Majesty" is of Spanish origin, and was first adopted by Charles the Fifth, when he was elected Emperor of Germany. Previously to that period, sovereigns were content to be styled your Highness," or your Grace." The other crowned heads of Europe were not slow in following the precedent, and as it has not hitherto been found possible to invent a more exalted de- signation, it has maintained its courtly vogue to the pre- sent hour. SIBERIA.- There are two expeditions now in progress, which promise 10 throw much light on this un. explored, and, so far as the history of nature for a suc- cession of ages is concerned, singularly interesting quar- ter of the globe. The one is an investigation, which the Emperor Nicholas has directed Feodorow to make into the geography and natural history of die south eastern parts of Siberia, for which purpose his Majesty has placed asum of one thousand pounds at his disposal; and the other is a scientific visit to the western quarter of that country, which Fuss, the secretary of the Academy of Science at St. Petersburgh, is instructed to make, whilst proceeding on a mission to Pekin. LYONS.—A very short interval has sufficed to raise this city from a population of seventy to one hundred and seventy thousand. The manufacture of bobbins may be instanced as a remarkable evidence of the rapid growth of its industry. It commenced with a solitary loom ir the year 1807, and at this day there are not less than two thousand of them, which produce 150,000 yards a day, and send them to market at so low a price, that the piece of 28 yards is sold retail for twopence. One manufac- turer alone, Cliauibovet, annually consumes six hundred cwt. of the raw material in making this article. THE TEN HOUR FACTORY BILL.-On Tuesday eveniug, a public meeting of the inhabitants or Peckham was held at the rriends' Meeting House, Hanover-street, Rye-lane, to consider the propriety of petitioning parliament in support of thisjustiindhu- mane measure. The meeting was convened by public advertisement, and though but very brief notice had been given, was most respectably attended. 1 he chair was taken by Underwood, Esq. who explained the object for which they were called together, and congratulated the in- habitants ot Peckham on being among the first in or about the metropolis who had come forward in support of the poor defenceless factory children. The Lancashire de- puties, Messrs. Doherty and Turner, addressed the com- pany, the former at considerable length. Several other gentlemen took pai tin the proceedings, and a petition was tinally agreed to) embodying the resolution*.
HOUSE OF LORDS, MAY 11. Several petitions praying for the abolition of slavery, were presented by several noble lords, one of these pti. tions was signed by 180,000 females in ten days another petition w signed by 90,000 persons, and several were sgned by 30 and 40.000 persons. Earl FITZWILLlAM called their lordsliipn' attention to that almost vital question the corn laws. In bringing forward his motion, his lordship strongly urged the neces- sity ofdoillga.ay with the present and uncertain corn law*, and to subsiitute a well digested and permanent system. He believed that the landed proprietors were a re- spectable class of people, but not more so than any other class of persons, weavers or chimney sweepers. There were five or six thousand landowners, but he could not see why foreign corn should be taxed 60 or 70 per cent. to uphold the price of land in this country for the benefit of the landed proprietors. Of this he was certain, that until the law was finally settle,. by a free trade in corn feeing allowed, the landed interest would ever be sacri- ficed. No class of persons would be more thankful to the legislature were these lawJ to be placed on a more na- tural footing in short, he was satisfied that their lord- ships would not more effectually secure the gratitude of all classes of the country, than by taking into consideration the several laws affecting the trade in corn." The noble lord concluded by moving his resolutions. The Earl of RIPON said that he considered it to be the duty of those in whose hands the government was placed to take (he first opportunity of stating their senti- ments plainly, distinctly, and unequivocally on the sub- ject. (Hear.) He regretted that his noble friend (Earl Fiizwilliam) had stated in the course of his remarks that this house was not qualified to appreciate the conflicting interests of the agricultural and manufacturing classes. Earl FITZWILLIAM explained. He had not said so. The Earl of RIPON—If such were not the words, it was the sentiment expressed. (Hear, hear.) The noble earl said, that had his motion been brought forward in the other house, he might have obtained some success but such was the cimmerian darkness by which their lordships' house was enveloped, that he despaired of success. The noble earl had not brought forward a single argument in support of his motion. The question having been put from the woolsack, The Earl of WINCHILSEA in strong terms depre- cated the disturbing of the present system. He had wit- netised greater distress amongst the manufacturing classes during that year when wheat was 45s. a quarter, than when it was at its highest price. He should support the noble earl (Ripon) in his opposition to the resolutions before the house. The Earl of IVICKLOW contended that a free trade in corn would be attended with many disadvantage affecting the manufacturing interest. Earl FITZWILLIAM replied, and the resolutions were put and negatived. Adjourned at a quarter to ten o'clock. HOUSE OF COMMONS, MAY 14. In consequence of the house having to ballot for elec- tion committees upon petitions from Gal way, Carlow- and Limerick, the gallery was not opened till after five o'clock, before which hour every avenue was crowded with persons anxious to witness the debate on the colo- nial slavery question. We noticed several members of the Society of Friends. who struggled most lustily to obtain a good place," and one of the natives of Africa, to whose race the subject may truly be said to be all im portant. On our entrance to the gallery, we found, as we under- stood, the members of the Galway committee taking the oaths. The following were then sworn in for the Carlow com- mittee:— Mr. Joseph Hume, Mr. Mark Phillips, Mr. B. Hall, Mr. Bayntun, Mr. J. B. ltooper. Honourable George Elliot, Air. Jervis, Mr. James Brougham, Sir Robeit Heron, Mr. H. Lambert, Sir William Molesworth. Sir R. FERGUSON reported to the house that owing to the illness of Mr. Tower, one of the mem- berll of the Warwick election committee, that committee could not proceed with their duties that day. A medical gentleman was called in. who informed the house that Mr. Tower was ill, and was likely to be so for several days. SLAVERY. The private business having been disposed of- The SPEAKER said that if he understood the feeling of the house the preceding evening, he was led to under- stand that no petitions but those relating to the subject of West India slavery were to be presented this evening, and that the petitions were to speak for themselves with- out it discussion being raised upon them. After a few observalÍonsfrollt Lord ALTHORP, and the house concurring in the view taken by the Sp aker, Petitions were presented against slavery, by Air. Benett; by Sir C. BurrelJ, from places in Leicestershire; by Mr. J. Brougham, from Westmoreland; by Mr. Phillpotts, from places in Gloucester; by Major Beauclerk, from Croydon by Mr. Petre. from York by Mr. Parrott, from 400 maidens (laughter) of Totneiis and Bridge. north by Mr. Aglionby, from Wakefield; by Captain Dundns, from Greenwich by Lord J. Russell, from the deputies of the Protestant dissenters of England, and fr m the dissenting clergymen if London and its vicinity; by Mr. Hume, from Harrow on the Hill; by Mr. Plumptre, from various places in Kent; by Mr. Roe- buck. from Bath; by Mr. Clive, from 1,772 ladies re- sident in Hereford; by Colonel Percival. from Wicklow and other places by Mr. O'Connell, from the Catholic inhabitants of St. Peter, Birmingham by Mr. Denison, from the ladies of Epsom and its vicinity by Mr. Shaw, from 5,000 ladies of Dublin and various other places in Ireland by Colonel Evans, from the city of Westmin- ster; by Dr. Lushington, from the Tower Hamlets, and from 100 other places in England and Ireland by 31 r. F. Buxton, from various places in England, Ireland, and Scotland, to the extent of 300 petitions. Mr. i. BUXTON said he had another petition to I present to the house which was signed by 187,000 females. It was a fact that this petition was only in course of signature for the last ten days. What he rose for was to ask the Speaker how he was to get the petition there ? It was so large that he thought it would be well if a nuu:ber of gentlemen were deputed to bring it into the hou-It. (A laugh.) The SPEAKElt was understood to suggest jocosely that the ladies should be requested to bring it up. (Great laughter.) ° r The petition was then brought up by Mr. F. Buxton and three or four other gentlemen, who seemed to labour under the burden with which they were laden, while the me i, bers kept up a constant hugh during the operation oi the petition being carried to the table, which it nearly covered. COMMITTEE UPON WEST INDIA SLAVERY Mr. STANLEY now rose, and having presented 15 petitions, praying for the abolition of. slavery, from Lan- cashire and other places, proceeded to observe that he thought it would be for the convenience of the house that the discussion respecting the question of West India slavery should be taken in the committee to which the resolutions were to be referred, rather than that a con- trary course should L-e adopted. The house then resolved itself into a committee Mr. STANLEY said that he was confident that the house felt the necessity of extending to a minister of the crown its indulgence while he brought under its consider, ation a question for serious discussion. Some of the legis- latures had indeed put on the semblance of a change of system, but the key stone to any real amelioration was wanting, namely, the establishment in each colony of a slave protector, who would be totally unconnected with the slave system, and would have no interest in its con- tinuance. In no one colony was such an efficient protector established. There was, indeed, what was called a council Of protection, but this council was formed of the possessors of slaves, and individuals whose ftelings were involved in the perpetuation of slavery. (Cheers.) What was this but a mockery of compliance with the wishes of the government at home ? There had been he would admit a greater readiness shown for the abolition of Sunday maikets. All the colonies had made some advance in this respect. But with respect to corpo- ral punishmert, what hud been done to follow up the government wiihes on this bead ? Let the house look to one fact alone. An order in council had been passed and forwarded to the colonies, that the punishment of females should be entirely abolished. Was this order complied with ? No such thing. All that was done by the colo- nial legislatures was to limit the punishment to a certain number of lashes to be given in presence of a protector but to this hour in no single colony has the cruel punish- ment of females with the whip been entirely aboiii-hed. (Hear.) Some have regulated, but none have restrained it. One could imagine that in every country upon earth where a christian or humane principle was cherished, it would be the desire of all to raise the female to a sense of the delicacy of her sex. (Cheers.) Talk indeed of advancing the condition of the slave while you exhibit before him the wife 01 his affection subjected to the tor- turing punishment of the cart whip. (Cheers.) It is only a mockery of humanity to act thus. In Jamaica the number of stripes for any offence given to a slave, was now fixed at thirty-nine, to bj given in the presence of the overseer; bat this number of stripes may be given for the offeree of the slave daring to look his master in the face; and this was known to have happened. Tell a man of freedom, indeed, when lie dare not raise his eyes to look on his master. But if more than 39 lashes should be given, what is the remedy ? Two. magistrates—not a slave protector-had the power of hearing the complaint of the slave, and if they believe hIs staterilelit, they may fine the master, and order the slave to be sold to another. But for whose benefit ? +h0th?T «6 'he poor slave or his family, but for e ne t of the very master who tortured him, for it the master who receives the purchase mouey. But if n.a the magistrates should not believe the complaint, what happens then ? Why, the slave is again flogged for hav- ing dared to make it. (Hear.) With respect to slaves acquiring property, what had been done to secure tiitm in the right ? Scarcely anything. It was true that the right of a slave to acquire property was acknowledged, bu: then it was so tenced round with difficulties, and so frittered away by invasion, that it secured nothing to the slave and deserved not the name of a right to property. The institution of marriages too amongst the slaves that had been so strongly recommended by the government, had received but little encouragement, although some alteration for the better had taken place in some of the colonies, but even here, all marriages must be contracted subject to the will of the owner. An order in council too l ad been passed, declaring that the evidence of slave* should be taken in all cases, for that no man should be dis- qualified from giving evidence who was mentally compe- tent to do so; but how was this acted on in the colonies? That no slave was in any case permit ted to give evidence against his master or against any white man or in any criminal case, and only as against other slaves, and even in this case, he must have the certifi- cate either of his master or a clergyman that he was a competent witness. With such a system as this, what could be expected from the negro population but hatred of the whites ? Let a negro be ever so good a man or competent a witness, he cannot be heard if his evidence would affect either the life or property of a white man. How was peace to be hoped for in the colonies while this system prevailed ? There was only one case in which the evidence of a negro will be ~ieard against a white man, and that was where the latter associated or conspired with a black. In that case the slave will be heard as a wit- ness against the white man. But why ? only because the white man has degraded him'elf by an association with a black. Was not this very t xception calculated to inspire the negro with a hatred of his oppressor ? The right of a slave to purchase his manumission was recog- nized. but it must be with the consent of his master. The slave's right was admitted to the purchase of his own body. and that was all. (Hear.) In fact, everything was at the will of the master and nothing of the slave. In no one colony was the order in council acted on, and if the emancipation of the slaves depended on those lo-al legis- latures, it was clear that it would be impossible to calcu- late what succeeding generation could hope to witness- the abolition of slavery. (Cheers.) If then there ever was a case that called for the interference of parliament, it was surely this, where every warning had been repeatedly given to the colonies that the government looked to the accomplishment of the great end this country had so warmly at heart. Here the right hon gentleman read a long extract from a speech made by Mr. Canning in the year 1709, in answer to Sir William Young on the slave trade, in which he strongly dwelt on the necessity of taking all power (Jut of the hands of the masters and placing it in the Parliament of England. The right hon gentleman then went on to say that the arguments of Mr. Canning on that occasion were closely applicable to the present time. He would not then go into a detailed discussion on the constitutional question whether parlia- ment had the power to legislate for the colonies or as to where that power began or 111 here it ended. But he would say he knew of no end that there was to that power, ex- cept whatever parliament itself might please to place to it. He might call on the colonies to show how the dele- gated authority they derived from the parliament of England, could exceed the authority of that parliament itself. He knew of no authority the colonies possessed, even for the regulation of trade, but that which it derived from the mother country. The right honourable gentle- man then quoted several* Instances in which the parlia- ment had legislated for the regulation of the colonies, and proving the power parliament possessed to bind them. It had been said by the West India interests that the de- terioration of their property arose from the agitation of the question of slavery, but he denied that such was the fact. Their distresses solely proceeded from over pro- duction, for it was well kiiow- that their monopoly in sugar was now of little value to them, owing to this over production. The quantity of sugar produced of late years far exceeded the home consumption. That great distress prevailed in the West India colonies he was well convinced, and he had then before him a declaration drawn up by a committee of the Assembly of Jamaica, describing that distress, he was sure not less faithful than it was frightful. It gave a lamentable picture of the state of credit, and the constant foreclosing of mortgages in that island. An increased production was resorted to in order to meet increased debts, and this brought on a double entanglement, from which the colonists he feared could never be extricated. These things and not agitation were the real causes of the depreciated state of all West India property. But allowing that agitation had c.tused the evil, could that now be remedied ? Could agitation be stopped until slave emancipation was accomplished ? (Cheers.) Most undoubtedly not. The very discussions in that house would keep alive the agitation, for they must «»o forth to the whole country, to the colonies, and to the slaves themselves. If therefore it was wished to stop the danger, the cause must be removed. The voice of complaint and agitation would be heard until that house had taken decided steps to put down slavery. The question could not stand still, and the only way to meet it was by looking the danger boldly in the face. This was not the only case where a tiiuid policy made a public danger more difficult to cope with. (Hear.) He would now allude to part of the subject that could not but ex- cite the disgust and indignation of the house. He referred to the quantity of punishment inflicted upon slaves for threesuccessive years. In 1829 the slave popula tion in Demerara was 60,000, and the number of separate floggings was 17,359. in 1830, the population was de- creased to 59,547, and the flogging increased to 18 324, and the number of lashes inflicted in this year was 191,744. In 1831, the population fell still lower to 58,. but the number of punishments increased to 21,656, and in the latter year, the number of lashes in- flicted was 199,501). This was an account of the system as it worked in one of the crown colonies, where there was a lave protector and a regular record of punishments. How deeply aggravated then must be the cruelties prac- tised in those colonies where there were none of those checks, where, as Mr. Canning said, there was an ab- stract love of the cart whip. It was said that the people of this country did not understand the character of the negro slave, but he (Mr. Stanley) was much deceived if the negro character could not be better appreciated by the people of England, than by the natives of the West In- dies, or those who passed all their lives there. (Hear.) It was argued that manumitted slaves would never become field labourers, and that twenty such instances did net exist, Lut he doubted very much that twenty instances existed of manumitted slaves in the whole of the char- tered colonies. The only slaves manumitted were wo- men and children, who could not become field labourers, and their manumission arose possibly from motives peeu- liar to the owners. But If this argument was good for anything, it would operate for ever against the emanci- pation ot the slaves. This emancipation could never be effected with the prospect of better consequences than after some degree of moral and religious education had been impressed upon their minds. In this respect the Catholic governments had a great advantage over us, for in the colonies belonging to those governments no master was permitted to hold property in a slave until he could prove that he had given the slave proper instruction in the Catholic religion. It W;lS said that the slaves were re- gardless of moral or religious ties but whose fault was this ? Was it not the fault of those who, from in. terested motives, kept them in a perpetual state of ex- clusion from the benefits of instruction and enlighten ment, well knowing that instruction was incompatible with slavery. It was for this reason that gospel truth was shut out from the slave, and that education was stifled, as the surest meanisof, perpetuating his thraldom. (Cheers.) The right hon. gentleman proceeded to read extracts from the report of the parliamentary inquiry in support of his statement, and referred to a gallant admiral opposite, who bore testimony to the good habits of the slaves in some of the West India islands which he had visited. In St. Do- mingo, at the present time, the sugar plantations were worked by free slave labouiers, who were described as a race of most industrious persons. In Venezuela, in 1821- the emancipation of the slaves was first put upon a regular footing. The right hon. gentleman entered into a statement of the plan acted upon by General Bolivar for the gradual but effectual emancipation of the negroes in Venezuela. The effect was that in .1821, there were 100,000 slaves in that part of the world, and at the pre. sent time there were not more than 20,000 now remaining in slavery, whose emancipation would shortly take place. (Hear. hear.) Again, in 1821 the agri- culture of that country was at its lowest ebb, while at the present period both the agriculture and finances of the country were in a most flourishing condition. (Hear.) The sugar plantations were also completely prosperous and all this had been effected by a system of free labour. (Hear, hear.) The right hon. gentleman said, that he should now proceed to lay before the house the plan of hit Majesty's government for the absolute and total ex- tinction of slavery. He did not mean to say that the plan he intended to propose would be unexceptionable in all its parts. (Hear.) His Majesty's government in wish- ing to effect the hallowed object of extinguishing slavery throughout the whole of the British dominions were well aware of the difficulties they had to encounter, and it was their earnest wish and hope therefore that their plan should meet with the attention of the house, in order that its several provisions might be calmly and deliberately discussed. (Hear, hear.) The honourable member for Weymouth (Mr. Buxton) had, in the year 1823, brought forward a plan for the total extinction of slavery. That plan was opposed by Mr. Canning on (he ground that it would be dangerous to the slaves themselves to be eman- cipated all at once. Now he (Mr. Stanley) proposed to adopt a safe and middle course, by placing the slave in the situation of a freeman, and yet tlwt he might be held in check by means of restrictions which would prove of ad- vantage to himself. lie would turn the slave into a freeman, and place him in the proud situation of a British subject, and the only restriction which would be placed upon him would be that he should work for a particular employer. This would be the only difference be ween the negro labourer and the British labourer. One of the great difficulties of the question wai to fix a rate of wages for the negro labourers. Gentlemen milgbt say, would the wages of a negro under the proposed system be sufficient to satisfy his wants ? It was true that the effects of a tropical climate naturally inclined the mind and body to indolence, and therefore some restriction would be necessary both as regarded the benefit of the master and the labourer himself. With that'view it was proposed that the slave labourer should be bound to work for his employer for a given period. He contended that the only mode of fixing the wages would be according to the value of the negro whose labour would be required by the master. It was further proposed that the la- bourer should have a fourth o* his hours of labour at his own disposal. That fourth of his labour the nego might, if he pleased, give up to his employer at a fixed rate ot wages, to be settled by a magistrate, or he might dispose of that portion of his time to more advantage if he could. He admitted that West India property at the present tirre was at a very reduced standard but he denied thlt the profits of the West India planter on West India produce imported into this country, bad been diminished in any sensible degree. At the same time his Majesty's government, desirous to advance the interests of the West India pro- prietors, proposed to lend them the sum of fifteen mil- lions, to be repaid by the produce of the negro's labour. He knew that it was objected by many gentlemen that any deductions should be made from the wages of the negroes, but he (Mr. Stanley) conceived that the plan would be of advantage to the negro himself, who would feel that ltwas incumbeutupon him to apportion a pntof the fruits of his industry to effect his own emancipation. In order to give effect to the new born state of freedom of the negroes, it was proposed to appoint stipendiary magis- trates. to be paid out of the revenues of this country. (Hear.) It would also be neeessary to inculcate into the slave population, not only habits of industry but feelings of morality and religion. (Hear, hear.) It was the duty of the British parliament to effect the great and glorious object of raising our fellow-men from the situation of the brutes of the field, and giving them the assurance of their immortal value and immortal hopes. (Cheers.) The great obj ct of his majesty's go- vernment was to blot out every trace of slavery from the dominions of Great Britain. (Cheers.) He regretted that those who Lid the foundation of the edifice now 10 be erected, were no longer in existence to witness the prospect of the final consummation of their hopes and wishes. (Hear. hear.) Mr.Wilberforce was the only one who now remained, and that amiable and excellent man he hoped would soon have an opportunity of exclaiming with the prophet—" Lord, I have seen the fulfilment of my wishes, and I would now depart in peace." (Cheers.) The right hon. gentleman in concluding,' conjured the house to bury in oblivion all petty jealousies and feelirgs, and bring to a satisfactory issue the great experiment on which they were about to enter. (Loud and general cheering.) The right hon. gentleman then proposed cer- tain resolutions embodying the main principle of the plan referred to in his speech, which is already before thepuslic. He said that he did not expect that the house would give its unqualified support to the measure in all its details, and therefore if it should be considered right by those who felt an interest in the subject, that time should be given to consider the measure he had the honour to pro- pose he not only should have no objection to such a course, but he would add, that he considered it would be very wrong to press forward a plan of so much importance, and involving so many interests, with undue precipitancy. (Cheers.) The right hon. gentleman, in reply to a question by Sir R. Peel, said, that the apprentice la- bourer would in all respects be similarly situated to apprentices in this country. Lord HOWICK rose, and said that he was impelled, by an imperious sense of duty, to oppose the plan de- tailed by his right hon. friend (Mr. Stanley); and he would add, that the present was the only question on which he felt disposed to differ from his Majesty's go- vernment. The present question, however, was one that so deeply concerned the interests of the British em- pire, as well as the black population of our West India possessions, that he hoped the house would excuse him if he took this early opportunity of entering his protest against a measure which he could not but consider as ineffectual and delusive. (Hear, hear, hear.) The noble lord contended that the plan proposed of giving the negro one-fourth of his labour time would not prove of the smallest benefit to the negro, but would serve to promote the pecuniary interests of the master. If the ob- ject of his right hon. friend was to serve the interest both of master and slave, it ought to have been more distinctly stated. The whole object of the proposed plan appeared to him to be to perpetuate that system of indo- lence in the negro which his right honourable friend had so strongly condemned. (Hear.) The noble loid con- tended that it was impossible to carry into effect his right hon. friend's plan. He admitted that there was a strong necessity to interfere, and they had a right to insist upon the colonial legislatures to ameliorate the condition of the slaves. It was impossible for that house to regulate the hours of labour and other arrangements embraced in the scheme of his right hon. friend. Let the house de- c are that every man should be entitled to receive | Va'ue of his labour, and lie would consent o he colonial legislatures passing what laws they pleased, ompetiiion was the essence of free labour. (Hear.) The scheme would put the slave in a state of half free- dom and half in bondage. If things were left as they were, the destruction of the colonies was not a question of chance but one of certainty. The diminution of the slave population was visible in every class. The noble Jord referred to several returns of the population of the slaves in Demerara and other islands, to show that among the negroes that were engaged on sugar plantations the deaths were greater than upon cotton plantations. On the estate of Mr. Gladstane there was a loss of life of one seventh of the slave population in three years. The noble lord then referred to other estates to show that in propor- tion to the quantity of sugar produced tbedeaths increased h reprobale the system adopted by the proprietors of the West India estates, in sending out persons to manage their property who had no interest in the welfare of the slaves, but who felt anxious to evince their zeal by pro. "c,ne a good crop of sugar at the expense of human 'ii L r'g'lt hon friend proposed to get rid or all the evil of the system. He (Lord Howiek) was most anxious to assist in the accomplishment of this great object, and he contended that the most judi- cious mode by which it could be effected was to fix f when the slave should be free. (Cheers.) lo nx as near a day as possible. What pos- sible immediate benefit could arise from the pro. posed system ? Gratuitous labour was still exacted *u0tt\ 1 slave* would fix an early day when slavery should cease, and allow the colonial legislatures to carry the measure into effect. The proposed system was corn. phcsted-It embraced neither the principle of free- dom nor slavery. He contended that it would be extremely hazardous for that house to abolish slavery without the assistance of the colonial legislatures. Such a proceed- ing would interrupt the regular course of industry, and prove a damp upon commerce. The present system was kept up and supported by the aid of the military, and the danger would be less if the house would proceed boldly than to adopt this half measure. Upon the question of compensation to the planter, he would reserve himself for a future occasion. If the plan of his right honourable friend was adopted, he (Lord Howick) anticipated a civil war, which British troops might be required to suppress. He earnestly recommended to the houfe to adopt the course which he suggested, because he conceived it to be just, and he would leave the result to an overruling and an all wise Providence. Sir ROBERT PEEL rose for the purpose of suggest- ing, that at that late hour of the night, some arrangement should be entered into with respect to the practical course whiVh thev should pursue in regard r., h. proposed by the right hon. gentleman. He should de- precate any hasty decision touching these resolutions. Those resolutions differed from former resolutions, because they suggested a detailed system by which slavery was to be got rid of, and he thought tint it would not only be for the credit of "the memberti of that hcuse, but for the character of parlia- ment, that the fullest time should be given to the house to consider whether they would reject or adopt, or modify the resolutions proposed for the adoption of the house. (Hear, hear.) He for one considered that the question was placed in a new position, for government had$ec!ared that slavely could be got rid of. (Hear, hear.) Consi- dering, then, the importance of the subject, and the conbequences involved in it, he thought he was not asking ,h too much when he requested government lo put off the further discussion on this question to a day so distant, that all persons would be prepared to give a calm and dispassionate vote on the subject. (Hear.) He hoped therefore that his Majesty s government would not call upon the house to come to any vote until the whole case was before it. In making this application he did not wish for an indefinite day, but that the day should be a distant one, when the discussion would be renewed. Lord ALTHORP said if it was the wish of any ho- nourable member that the discussion should be adjourned he certainly could have not only no objection to such a proposition, but on the contrary, he concurred that for the sake of the members and the public, such a delay was advisable, in order that the subject should be cdlmly considered. (Hear.) Probably, therefore, the best way would be for the chairman to report the resolutions pro forma to the house now but if there was any objection to this proposition he would|agree to any other plan that the house might suggest. He would, under all the cir- cuinstances, propose that the further discussion should be adjourned til] after Whitsuntide holydays, and that it J5sume(i 0,1 Thursday the 30th of May. Mr. F. BUXTON had strong objections to so long a delay. He thought however before they adjourned the dis- cussion, it should be explained what the right honourable gentleman (,%I t-. S,atiley) meant by his proposition that the money to be paid for emancipating the slaves was to be paid, either by the negro or the country. These were two distinct propositions, and he wished to know whfch WaS. lal uP°n which the right honourable gentleman in- tended to act. If the negro was to pay, he (Mr. Buxton) would certainly oppose it. h'°lf AL'A«ORP said that this proposition of his right henourable friend was a mcie suggestion, and was for the committee to receive or reject. This was not a main point, and could not affect the general principle of f krou8l»t forward by his right honourable friend. After a ft w observations from Sir R. PEEL, Mr. GODSON said that on the part of the planter he must declare that they wanted no delay (hear) they had made up their minds respecting this plan. In consequence of the proposition of the right hon. gentleman much in- jury would be done to the planter even in respect to the goods now pbout to go out to the West Indies, which amounted to seven millions of money.. Mr. STANLEY said that the delay sought for must serve the object which the hon. and learned gentleman had in view, rather than retard it. Whether the resolu- tions were rejected or agreed to would have nothing to do with that part of the proposition to which the hon. and learned gentleman alluded in respect to the importation of manufactuied and other articles into the West Indies. Mr. GODSON repeated that the planter did not want delay. He had taken upon himself to make the observa- tion he did, seeing that there were but a few gentlemen connected wi h the West Indies members of that house. After a few observations from Sir R. PEEl. and Mr. STEWART, Sir R. VYVYAN said, that the only objection to the delay sought for was. that it would allow the statement made by the right hon. the Secretary for the Colonies relative to the West India Assembly to go forth to the world without contradiction. The CH AIR MA N then reported progress, and obtained leave to sit again on Thursday the 30th instant. The other orders of the day having been disposed of, the house aojourned ut a quarter to One o'clock. HOUSE OF LORDS, MAY 15. NEGRO SLAVERY. Lord SUFFIELD presented 201 petitions, praying for the total and immediate abolition ot slavery. Lord WYNFORD inquired it the noble lord had read those petitions, if not they could not be received. Lord SUFFIELD s.tid he had not read them all, but that, as it was his intention to refer the petitions to a se- lect committee on a future day, he trusted that the noble lord opposite would be satisfied, as they could then be examined. The Duke of RICHMOND presented a petition from the licensed victuallers of Brighton, against the Beer Bill. 'The house adjourned to Friday. HOUSE OF COMMONS, MAY 15. Mr. HORNBY presented petitions from the borough of Warrington, for the abolition of slavery for the re- peal of the house and window duties for the putting of beer shops on the same footing as public houses and one from the same place praying that the assizes for the South division of Lancashire might be held in that bo- rough. Mr. M. PHILLIPS presented 22 petitions in favour of the immediate abolition of slavery from Manchester, Salfor: Bullocksmithey, Staleybridge, and other places in the counties of Lancaster, Chester, and Derby. Mr. CAYLEY presented petitions for the abolition of slavery, from various parts of Yorkshire; also one for the repeal of the malt tax and one from the the agri- culturists in the centre of Yorkshire praying for relief. The hon. member objected to the ministerial plan. Colonel TORRENS presented a petition in favour of the abolition of slavery from Bolton and a similar peti- tion ftom the female inhabitants of the same place. Sir R. FERGUSON brought up the report of the Warwick elt ciion committee, declaring the election of Sir C. Greville to be void. The hon. baronet said that the committee had come to the resolution that a great deal of bribery had been practised by the agents of Sir C. Greville, but it did not appear that it was with his consent. On the motion of the hon. baronet, the evidence given before the committee was ordered to be laid on the table. Mr. Sheriff HUMPHERY presented a petition from the Borough of Southwark, praying for a total repeal of the house and window taxes. THE LATE FATAL AFFRAY IN COLDBATH- FIELDS. Mr. HUME wished to put a question to the hon. gent. (the Under Secretary for the Home Office) relative to the fatal occurrence which took place on Monday last. He was given to understand that, if proper arrangements had been made to prevent the meeting, the melancholy affray which had ttken place would not have occurred. He wished to kimw if notice had been sent to the Sheriff of Middlesex, whose duty it was to see that the peace was preserved, requesting him to attend the meeting. He had heard it sta'ed, that the police had acted upon the occa- sion with great and unnecessary violence, which no doubt would have been prevented had the High Sheriff of the county been there to see that the peace was properly pre- served. Mr. LAMB said he never knew or heard that it was IIsual for the government to call upon the Sheriff of Mid- dlesex to see that the peace was preserved in the county. He never knew of the Sheriff being applied to except in respect to cises in the city of London. The custom was to call out the posse eommitatus, and this had been done in the present case, and the police commissioners were in attendance to see that the police did their duty properly. With respect to the allusion made to the con- duct of the police, all he had to say was, that the circum- stances of the case would undergo inquiry, and he had "o doubt but the result of the investigation would be that l'>e police hid acted with pet feet propriety. After a few observations from Mr. Sheriff HUMPHKBY and Mr. LAMB the conversation dropped.-Adjourned. The Committees To Inquire into the State of the Agricultural, and of the Commercial and Shipping Inte- rests," have commenced their labours. In the Agricultural Committee, Mr. Adam Murray, an eminent surveyor, has been examined. The evidence of this gentleman was, we understood, remarkably clear, and his information extensive. On the second day, Mr. White, of Shropshire, and Mr. Culmly, of Hampshire, were examined. In the Commerce and Shipping Committee only one witness has been examined Mr. Gurney, 'l,e bill broker.
G/UIN, MEAL, AND FLOUR- By a parliamentary return just published, it appears that the following quantities of Foreign and Colonial Grain paid the duties for the home consumption during the interval between the first day of the operations of the Corn Bill (9 Geo. IV. c. 60,) which took effect on the 15th of July, 1828, and the 1st of April last. Foreign Corn. Colonial. I Total. Wheat 4,795,746 352,904 5,148,651 Biirley 1,067.066 213 1,067,379 Oats 1,455,987 8.828 1,464,815 Rye 141,869 141,869 Pease 195,231 5,521 200,722 Beans. 178,452 178,452 Buck Wheat 34,859 —— 34,859 Indian Com 100,225 11 I 100,236 Quarters 7,969,405 367,518 8,336,983 Tile annual averages of Foreign Grain entered for I home consumption during the period in question appear, therefore, to have been as under I Quarters. Quarters* Wheat 895,410 Pease 34,900 Barley 185,630 Beans 31,030 °a,s 254,750 Buck Wheat 6,060 R*'e 25,360 Indian Corn 17,430 A ne duties paid upon the 7*969,4Uo quarters ot h oreign Corn amounted, within the above interval, to 2,501,7131. being an average of about 435,0801. per annum. Those on Colonial Corn, paid on 367,578 quarters, did not produce more than 60,3781. The quantity of Wheat, Meal, and Flour, being Foreign, on which the duties were paid, was 1.880.534 cwts. from which the revenue derived the sum of 182,8881. that of Colonial articles of the like description was 272.446 cwtI, which paid duties to the amount of 15,0761. r
FASHION AND LITERATURE- This eminent tiagedian, alter a long course of suffering, has eventually paid the debt of nature, and, as he has often said when portraying the dying ilotspiti,, is now only food for worms." This event took place yester- day morning at half-past nine o'clock, at his house in Richmond. We understand that he was perfectly en- sible to the last, and his final exit was made without an apparent sigh. Mr. Douchez, his old friend and medical adviser, and Mr. Lee his secretary, were the only persons present at his dying moments. We regret to learn that Mr. Kean's circumstances at his decealle were much embarrassed and that his widow, who received of late years un allowance of 2001. per annum, is left without provision, except what may be furnished ay the filial affection of the son, who it is well known has acted up to the dictates of his natural impulses by having adopted the stage as a pro- fession to be a stay and a comfort to his mother. Of Mr. Kean's private character and history we shall not speak, —we leave to others the task of raking up the chronicles of slander, and furnish materials for the gossiping propen- sities of the unthinking multitude. He has gone to his last account, and with him his vices and redeeming qua- lities.
THE LONDON AND COJVTEMPO/IARY PRESS. + (From the London Guardian.) The trial of Lord TEYNHAM on Saturday last and the verdict of the jury have excited, and very justly, no small share of public attention. His Lordship it appears was accused of swindling a person named LANGFORD of the sum of 1.4001. by a promise of obtaining for him an office under government. Atrocious as the charge appeared and unwilling as the jury must there- fore have been to believe it applicable to any man of liberal education and patrimonial for- tune, they yet found the evidence so strong and undoubted as to bring in a verdict of GUILTY. The judgment of the Court was deferred. This judgment we trust will inflict upon Lord TEYNHAM the highest penalty which the law awards for his offence. In proportion as it is difficult to believe such offences* of a man in that station, and as a man in that station has a smaller temptation to commit them, in that very proportion ought the law to strike the noble convict with a more heavy punish- ment. We do not doubt that it will. But there is another punishment beyond the ordinary reach of the law, and which rests with that il- lustrious assembly of which Lord TEYNHAM is a member. This also, we trust, will not be withheld. We allude to ex- pulsion from the House of Lords. We say that if the House of Lords permit a man thus marked and branded with infamy to take his place amongst their WELLINGTONS and BROUGHAMS—to raise his voice in their debates-to give his vote in their divisions- their Lordships will but ill consult either their duty as the first Court of Justice in the land, or their interest as a body of men who, having no direct tie of representation with the country, should be peculiarly watchful of the public opinion and of their own unblemished honour. It is not very many years since the repre- sentative of that (no doubt) most judicious and discerning body the City of Westminster was found guilty of a similar offence. What was the conduct of the House of Commons on that occasion to Lord COCHRANE ? Immediate ex- pulsion. What now will be the conduct of the House of Lords to Lord TEYNHAM ? Ought the sentence to be lighter from the very cir- cumstance which in fact should aggravate it- that lie, an hereditary Legislator, has not to go before a body of the people for his seat, at a certain interval, but must, if not ex- pelled, retain his seat for life? Ought the sentence to be lighter because Lord TEYNHAM is not only like Lord COCHRANE a legislator but also a judge, and as a member of the House of Peers may and will have to decide upon the properties or even the lives of others ? This is a time above all otliers-and we re- joice it should be so—when all men and all bodies of men must stand or fall by character. We earnestly desire that the House of Lords should do nothing to forfeit the high character they have hitherto maintained. Let them not then indulge in any false pity for Lord TEYNHAM. Let them re- member that whoso toucheth pitch will be ehled. Let them be sure that pity to Lord KYNHAM would be danger to themselves.
MISCELLANEOUS GLEANINGS. A STRANGE LIGHT."—A countryman re- siding iit Bradiford, near Pilton, determined, on Sunday evening last, to attend a neighbouring church, for the purpose of hearing a lecturer justly celebrated for piety and eloquence. Our hero arrived in time, and took his seat but instead of listening with all imaginable atten- tion to the preaclier, fell into a profound sleep, which he enjoyed undisturbed during the whole of the service. The organ played while the congregation were departing, the lights were extinguished, the last key of the building turned, and the whole sacred edifice u wrapped in soleffl11 silence," when the admiring auditor awoke It being near nine o'clock, the place was completely dtirk and finding that he had exchanged a situation among the liv- ing for one, as he conceived, among dead men and tombs, his terror was indescribable. After he had rub- bed his eys, and suiffciently rallied his reasoning facul- ties to he satisfied that it was something more than < dream, and that he was in danger of seeing all the ghost' of the parish rise up against him, he groped his way to one of the doors, which he so stoutly belaboured that he soon alarmed some of the persons passing through the church yard. One of them who heard the noise frOO within, went to ask who was there, and received for a"* swer, in a voice tremulous.1^ fear, 'Tis I, J*0 Light." Information was f,^h*'to the sexton, who shortly came with the keys, and from the dark extri- cated poor Jan Light.—Barnstaple Advertiser. ANri-MALTHUsrAN.—On Friday the 3d inst. the wife of Joshua Norton, tailor, of Ei unsiet-latie, in this town, was delivered of her 25th child, though onlf 43 years of age. Sne was married before she was I years old, and had borne 4 children before she had r.oW- pleted her 20th year. Mr. Norton's mother had IS children, many of them still living, and his grandmothe' Iiad24 children, 7 of whom still survive; and iheirunite" ages amouut lo 515 years.-d^eeds Intelligencer. STATISTICS OF BREWING.—There were 21" brewers in Scotland last year, of whom 33 are in Ibe Edinburgh collection. Argyll has only one. There are 17,070 licensed victuallers in Scotland, which is one for every 123 persons, young and old, in the country. Eng- land, which is a thirsty country, rejoices in 50,80^ victuallers, and 30,900 persons licensed for the genera' sale of beer," making an aggregate of 81,700 retallerlJ of beer, which is one tor every 170 souls. England hs- 1,753 brewers, of whom Its are in London. Of the r. tailers of beer, 37,000, or nearly one-half, brew their own beer. In Scotland only 318 out of 17,070, or I in brew their own beer. In Scotland, 990,000 bushels ot malt were us<>d for brewing in all the 16 collections, which one-tenth was used by the licensed vic, noliefg 432,000 bushels were used in the Edinburgh collectio"; 62 bushels served the two collections of Argyll, north lIouth, containing 100,000 souls! Iu England, bushels of malt were consumed in the manufacture of beer, 13,800,000 by the brewers, and 12,000,000 by victuallers or other retailers. In Scot'land', the brewed is a^ the rate of 4-10'lis of a bushel for ear*| person; in England, it is Ii bushels. Ireland consuffle<J Z ot 151.0,0011 bushels of jnalt in her breweries, which is auoll 2. lotlis of a bushel for each person. Of brewed liquOr; one Englishman drinks as much as four Scotchmen, Of nine Irishmen. Scotsman. ANCIENT RFLic.-An ancient Mosaic TABLE has just been found at Rome, in digging for the fouudl" tion of the new front of the cltu. clt of Santa Rocca. the Strada Itipetla. It represents Bacchanalian jects, in shades of black and white. The most curi»u' circumstance, however, attending this discovery is, t'1 the uhle was found at the depth of 15 feet very n^ar Tiber, so that the bed of th« river must have | considerably since the time of the ancient Romans.
'FROM fRlDATrs LONDON flA7.P,TTfi- BANKRUPTCIES ANNULLED. C. T. Atliow, Wood street, Cheapside, wholesale b" berdasher. J. M. Simpson, Frating, Essex, cattle jobber. BANKRUPTS to surrender in Basinghall street- G. Hunter, Bury street, St. James's, wine merchant. et W. Thirkell, Canal Brewery, Neat street, Surrey, bre" J. Quarterman, Wanstead, Essex, coach builder. Vi". Tolley, late of Richmond and Isleworth, addler. W. Barton, Newington Causeway, cabinet maker. Sarah Coleman, Tottenham, nurserywoman. M J. S. Heywood and VV. (J. HarrUoB, late of street, Greenwich, grocers. r BANKRUPTS to surrender in the COIINTBV- f A" Davies, Toll End, Tipton, Staffordshire, iron J. Shilston and W. Shilston, Plymouth, ship buil" S. blocker, Bristol, victualler. f S. Schofield, Oldham and Heywood, Lancashire, ST0Ct G. Ryland, Birmingham, drysaher. J. C. Dunn, Chatteris, Isle of Ely, common brewer, S. Spafford, Salford, Lancashire, corn miller. DIVIDENDS made in BASINGHALL s,rREB". J. Priseman late of Putney, Surrey, wheelwright, f 4, at halt past 12. T. Spencer, Da vies street, square, builder, June 3, at half past 1. W. FU"eI' Heston, Middlesex, builder, June 3, at 10. A. u] R|ve«s, Eghaai, Surrey, brewers, June 1, at H- Kilbinton, late of Water lane,' Ijondon, and High s'reV Borough, wine merchant, May 31, at 1. W. G. High street, Shadwell, optician, May 31, at 1- ,1' Archer, Hertford, oilman, June 5, at 1. T. Woffj Park street, Hanover square, tavern keeper, 11. F. Shirley, New Bridge street, Blackfriar*, dealer, May 31, at 1. E. Cowling, Poultry, haba d* May 31, at 12.. DIVIDENDS made in the COUNTRY. tllf W. Ripley, Lancaster, merchant, June 5, at 11> King's Arms, Lancaster. W. W. Tait, Liverpool* chant, May 31, at I, at the Clarendon Rooms, pool. J. P. Hyams, Liverpool, brandy merchant, f. 3, at 12, at the office of Messrs. Miller and Peel, pool. J. Cash, Liverpool, tailor, May 31, at 2, al office of Air. Mawdsley, Liverpool. CERTIFICATES—May 31. H. Schnelle, St. Dunstan's hill, meichant. J* ,|ii North Shields, ship owner. C. Hough, Mon«1°l']|, printer. J. Botham, Derby, architect. C. ^bl g„f> Warminster, Wilts, linen draper. J. V. Tuckf>. street, Bishopsgate street, piano maker. R. Edden, f, gate street, tailor. J. Kelson, Bradford, Wilts, b'e J. Hall, Barton upon Humber, builder. T. St'° Crown street, Soho, goldsmith.
FROM TUESDAY'S LONDON GAZETTO, BANKRUPTCY SUPERSEDED. A. M. Greig, Crewkerne, Somersetshire, wine tattW BANKRUPTCY ANNULLED. J. Mellor, Manchester, tailor. el, BANKRUPTS to surrender in Basinghall Strt W. Carr, Bartholomew place, timber merchant. J. Grocock, Powis street, Woolwich, currier. J. Greenacre, Old Kent road, grocer. Barbara Verrinder, Davies street, Berkeley øq coal merchant. BANKRUPTS to surrender in the COUNT** J Drew, Manchester, auctioneer. ft. Cotton and J. Keain, Oreston, Derbyshire, men. DIVIDENDS made in BASINGHALL STREET J. Udall, Upper street, Iilington, carpet man, May 17, at 10. S. James, late of Everett jt Russell square, grocer, June 6, at 11. J.$I High street, Wapping, provision dealer, June \V' 10. J.Andrews, Strand, tailor, June 4, at Redgrave, Grosvenor street West, Pimlico, wire ^fee(' June 8, at 10. J. Evans, Northumberland 8 jjjr Charing cross, tailor, Juno 4, at 12. J. Callo*' ah mingham, silk mercer, June 6, 111 2. R. H»r" £ }' West Smithfield, plumber, June 6, at half Pa. t Daniell, late of Lime street, provision merchant, "y jfnf atll. R.Crooks,C'ornhill, tailor,June 10, at II. lor, Mortimer stree', Cavendish square, glass tt' turer, May 24, at 11. B. Flight and J. Robson, St- j tin's lane, organ builders, June G, at 12. Court all Savage Gardens, merchants, June 6, atll. DIVIDENDS made in the COUNTRY/ T. Tidswell and T. Thorp, Cheadle, Cheshi^i^ Manchester, calico printers, June 6, at 10, at the Inn, Manchester. T. Peake, Shrewsbury, grocer» 4, at 12, at the Talbot Inn, Shrewsbury. j Derber, mercer, June 17* at 10, at the Palace Inn':0pt'' | Chester. E. Wilde, Royton, Lancashire, cotton June 14, at 1, at the Palace Inn, Manchester. e'f and Co. Love lane, London and Nottingham* June 11, at 11, at the White Lion Inn, r M. Rowe, Stamford, Lvyplnshire, grocer, June 6, at the office of Me^k'vThompson and San, VV. M. Jones, Mold," Flintshire, June 6, at 1 Clarendon Rooms, Liverpool. J. Dean, late pool, tailor, June 12, at 11, at the Clarendon Liverpool. J. Pine, jun. Devonport, victualler' 25, at 11, at Towosend'c London Inn, Devonp°r '7,' Ware, Cranborne, Dorsetshire, ironmonger, Jur,e.s|iir' 11, at the New Inn, Wimborne Minster, J. Watkins, Abergavenny, Monmouthshire, shop* June 6, at 11, at the office of Mr. Davis, Aberg* W. Hulme, Manchester, draper, June 8, at 9, jP? Hotel, Manchester. H. Browning, Cambii^ 'j keeper, June 4, at 12, at the Sun Inn, CanobridfJ^ g » Hopson, Stonehouse, Gloucestershire, draper, 2, at the offices of Messrs. Gregory and Smithj r' D. Naylor, Manchester, carpet manufacturer, at 2, at the Star Hotel, Manchester. G. alk .,1 ley, Yorkshire, draper, June 12, at 12, at the Tige Beverley. H. J. Shepherd, Beverley, Yorkshire, June 12, at 11, at the Tiger Inn, Beverley. CERTIFICATES—JUNE 4. cj,elte'' G. Long, jun. Croydon, and Britton street, maltster. E. Watts, Oldbury 011 the HilL shire, saddler. H. Flavell, jun. Birmingham, P? maker. W. Threlkeld, Winchester street, Bro^ tie* grocer. W. J. Fisher, Bristol, sail maker. 1^' and T. Hewett, Kingston upon Hull, merchants- Angel court, Thiogmorton street, bill broker^