| JTolixi. Homan's I I GREAT XMAS BJLZ&AR. I fi Father Christmas has arrived. COME AND SEE IT. B Thousands of Useful Presents in 1 all Departments. 8 The Greatest Exhibition of Toys in £ North Wales. Special Show of Model Soldiers representing famous British, French, and Japanese Regiments. Toy Motors, Engines, I Stations, and | Dolls in endless variety. 8 Splendid Selection of up-to-date 1 LEATHER GOODS | in all its branches. 1 I Come and unload him. I Father Christmas's Advice: I I Go and buy all your Xmas Cards at I 8 HOMAN'S, STATION ROAD. I Inexpensive and Pretty Presents i to suit all purchasers. B I Come Early and bring your friends to 3 HOMAN S, Station Road, COLWYN BAY. 1
LLANDUDNO. CHRISTMAS HOT-POT COMMITTEE.—At a meeting of the Hot-pot Committee, it was de- cided to include Penrhynside within the scope of this year's hot-pot distribution, for which pur- pose about sixty more pots will be required. To meet the increased expenditure, Mr W. A. Jones (of Messrs Rhydwen Jones & Davies) has pro- mised to raise1 £10 if required. SHILOH LITERARY SOCIETY.—The Rev. J. Tudno Williams presided over the usual weekly meeting of the Shiloh C.M. Literary Society when the Rev O. Gaianydd Williams, Roe Wen, delivered a most interesting lecture on "The Pilgrim's Progress." The lecturer was listened to with, marked attention, and at the close was accorded a very hearty vote of thanks, on the motion of Mr Henry Arthur Jones, sec- onded by Mr W. Owen. LECTURE ON SOUTH AFRICA.—The Rev. D. Gwynfryn Jones delivered a lecture on South Africa to a crowded congregation in the Welsh Baptist Church, on Wednesday last. The lec- ture was in connection with the annual tea of the Welsh Wesleyams, ,and proved most interest- ing and instructive. The proceeds were in aid of the Welsh Wesleyan Church Trust Funds. GRANT TO THE ART CLASSES.—The grant of the Carnarvonshire County Council to the Llandudno Science and Art Classes has been increased to £75, owing to Mr Robert Roberts's successfu efforts in earring his amendment to the Finance Committee"s recommendation. MASTER BUILDERS' ASSOCIATION.—The annual meeting of the Llandudno Master Build- ers' Association was held last week, when the following were elected officers and committee for the ensuing year: -President, Mr G. H. Thorp; Vice-Presidents, Messrs J. O. Thomas 'and D. Davies; Treasurer, Mr George Roberts; General Secretary, Mr E. P. iMorris Executive Committee, Messrs R. Luther Roberts, Henry Hughes, Edward Owen, Willoughby Lance, and John Roberts (Clarence House). WHIST DRIVE AT THE, TOWN HALL.— We are asked to state that the donors of the prizes given to the successful competitors in the whist drive held in connection with the St. George's Literary Society's soiree, at the Town Hall, were:—Oil-painting, Mr F. J. Sarson; spirit flask, Mr R. Conway; cigar case and cigars, Mr G. F. Forrester pair of vases, Mr G. G. Richmond, to all of whom the committee tender their grateful thanks for their support. CHURCH OF ENGLAND WAIFS AND STRAYS SOCIETY.—What is termed "Pound Day" took place on Tuesday. It is held in connection with the Church of England Incor- porated Society for providing homes for waifs and strays, and the goods collected will be handed over to the homes at Bod-organ and St. David's, for which the North Wales Branches are responsible. A large number of pound pack- ages of groceries and dry goods were received by the committee. MR. JOHN BELLIS AND SUNDAY CLOS- ING.—It is stated that Mr John Bellas (Assist- ant Overseer) was one of the five who initiated the movement for the closing of public-houses in Wales on Sunday. His colleagues were:- "Plenydd," the late Mr S. Roberts (Holly Bank), iMr W. Cadwaladr Davies, and a Congregational minister from Bangor. A LLANDUDNO ARTISTE IN DUBLIN.- A Llandudno vocalist, Mass Annie Mary Ro- berts ("Telynores Arfon"), was one of the ar- tistes who took part in a grand concert held in Dublin on Wednesday of last week. THE EARTH'S BEGINNING.—The second of the series of lectures arranged by the Town Improvement Association took place at the Pavi- lion on Thursday night, when Sir Robert Ball, the famous astronomer, delivered an instructive and interesting lecture on the "Earth's Begin- ning." Lord Mostyn presided over a very large gathering. The lecture, which was "delivered with great, eloquence, was illustrated with some excellent lantern slides. A vote of thanks was ■accorded the lecturer, on the motion of Lord Mostyn. ST. PAUL'S LITERARY SOCIETY.—The second of a series of three special lectures, pro- moted by the members of St. Paul's Literary Society, took place last 'Monday evening, in St. Paul's Church House, when Dr. Sheldon With- ensdelive.red an extremely interesting and high- ly instructive lecture entitled "A chat about some familiar aspect of the Middle Ages in England." Mr O. S. Pilkington presided over a splendid audience. The lecturer was listened to with rapt attention throughout, and was accorded a hearty vote of thanks at the close. Y.M.C.A. MOVEMENT.—The result of the recent meetings in connection with the move- ment to form a branch of the Y.M.C.A. in Llan- dudno, is, that a committee has been formed to consider ways and means in connection there- with. The following are the names of the com- mittee:-Me.sscrs, J. Evans-Thomas, G. A. Hum- phreys, J. J. Marks, J. Archer Thompson, Alec Taylor, and L. Cocker.. The movement is meet- ing with good support, and we understand that promises of several hundreds of pounds have al- ready been received towards the housing of the institution. Lord Mostyn has promised to be- come the first President of the local branch. A MINISTER'S GIFT.-At the close of the usual Sunday evening service at Shiloh C.M. Church, the pastor, the Rev H. Barrow Wil- liams, intimated that he had decided, in view of the debt which had been incurred, through the building of the new chapel, to return a sum of £ 20 annually from his stipend to the funds of the church until the debt was! entirely wiped off. This welcome announcement was received with the greatest satisfaction, by the members of the Church, among whom the reverend gentleman has laboured for close on twenty years with great success. ST. GEORGE'S LITERARY SOCIETY.— "Gambling" was the subject of a paper read by Mr A. Ellis before the members: of the St. George's Literary Society, at their usual weekly meeting, held in the Church House last Thurs- day evening. Mr Ellis dealt with the various phases of the question in a very able manner. A brisk discussion followed, in which most of those present took part. Mr J. E. Hornsby, the Chairman, presided. On Wednesday evening Dr. Richards read a. paper on "Scientific Phreno- logy." GIFTS TO HOLY TRINITY CHURCH.— Two very handsome brass: candlesticks have been presented to Holy Trinity Church by the Misses S'herratt in memory of their mother, the late Mrs Sherratt, of 4, Penrfiyn Crescent, Llandud- no. They are for use on the altar. The candle- sticks, which are supposed to be some hundreds of years old, and to have been first used in a Church in Italy, are quite unique, being of great weight; and excellent workmanship. A silver chalice has also been given to the parish by Mr and Mrs Edwin Turner, of Abbotsford', West Shore, and is for use in the Bodafon Mission Room.- WEATHER DURING NOVEMBER.—The highest reading of the barometer during Novem- ber at Llandudno was 30.3 on the 18th, and the lowest 29. on the 20th. The maximum shade, temperature of November 23rd was 36 degrees, and the minimum 27.2 on the 19th. In the sun the highest temperature recorded was 99 degress on the 4th, and the lowest 75.5. The rainfall registered was 3.86 inches, .94 falling on the 27th, the humidity being 82. for the month. Over 65 hours of bright sunshine were recorded, there being only seven sunless days. SHOOTING MATCH.—The first of a series of shooting matches between the members of the local Companies of the Royal Welsh Fusiliers and Yeomanry took place on Wednesday at the Hippodrome. The Yeomanry came off the win- ners by two points. A gold-mounted' walking stick (presented by Mr Wallace1) was won by Ser- geant Albert Hill, he being the highest scorer with 43 points. He was run very close, by Pri- vate A. Salt, R.W.F., who scored 41 points. A large gathering witnessed the. competition. Other competitions will be arranged in due course. THE COUNTY SCHOOL.—iMr J. Allanson Picton presided on Saturday at a meeting of the Llandudno County School Governors. It was intimated that Mr G. A. Humphreys, architect of the new school building, had practically completed the quantities, and the Governors arranged for tenders to be obtained in due course. The Secretary of Education (Mr E. R. Davies) wrote calling attention to a notice of motion to be proposed at the next meeting of the Education. Committee for the county as fol- lows :—"That, in the opinion of this. Committee, it is desirable to establish a county examination for admission to the County Schools, and that the Staff Committee establish and conduct the examinations. "-The Clerk (Mr J. Marks) was requested to state that, in the opinion of the Governors, such a resolution was ultra vires, having regard to section 86 of the scheme, and also that the proposal is not desirable. Section 86 of the scheme is to the effect that the head master of the school is to conduct an examina- tion of the intiend-ing pupils on their admission, to the County School. The scheme evidently leaves it absolutely in the power of the govern- ing body of each County School to admit such children as they think proper, within certain age limits. The proposal is regarded as. an at- tempt to get the county examination for admis- sion to the schools controlled from Carnarvon by the Staff Committee, which is already, on its own admission, fully burdened, if not overbur- dened, with work. The notice is in the name of a primary school teacher.
PENMAENMAWR. PHYSICAL CULTURE.-A physical culture class has recently been started under the aus- pices of the, English Congregational Church. Mr Bert Owen has been elected captain and Mr Ashcroft secretary. Classes are held on Mon- days and Tuesdays, when all the ordinary drills are taken in turn. Mr Watkin Darbishire takes a keen interest in the movement. y -r
Mr. Evan Roberts. MORE PRESSING INVITATIONS. As we have already reported, there is a desire that Mr Evan Roberts should cover the whole of North Wales before concluding his pres- ent mission. A joint invitation has been conveyed to him from Llandudno, Conway and Colwyn Hay. At the annual meeting of the Welsh section of the Prestatyn Free Church Council, a deputation, consisting of four ministers and one layman, was appointed to wait on Evan Roberts, the evangelist, to try and secure his presence in Prestatyn. The spirit of the Revival was noticeable in a very marked degree at Prestatyn last year, but so far this winter there has been no special enthusiasm.
I The Russian Revolution. WAS BLOODSHED INEVITABLE? ¡ A thousand years scarce serve to form a state; An hour may lay it in the dust: and when Can man its shatter'd splendours renovate, Recall its virtues back, and vanquish Time and Fate? -Byron. Readers of history must remember the famous utterance of Richelieu, the Prime Minister of France:—"Take away the sword'; States can be saved without it: bring me the pen; the pen is M, mightier than the sword." This observation, by a wise and able politician, which passed into a proverb, contains within the compass of its few pithy words a world of political wisdom. Had Russian statesmen. taken it to heart, who, knows but that all the horrors of the. Russian Revolu- tion might have been prevented? Many appear to have a very imperfect idea of the meaning and compass of the word "revo- lution" for they never utter it, but it seems associated in their minds, with bloodshed, strife, incendiarism, "sans cullotism," and all sorts of horrors. They cannot understand it is quite possible for a revolution to take place without the shedding of a single drop of blood on either side. In the case, of Rus,sia we, are, face to face" with a terrible struggle, between a too despotic and arbitrary government and a very large sec- tion of the populace who have for years been agitating for reforms- by every means, in their power. The Czar's. Government only a year back appeared! to. be almost unassailable, they having large bodies of well disciplin.ed troops at their command, with quick firing ordnance. It seemed almost hopeless, for unarmed revolu- tionaries to cope with them. Now we see an extraordinary spectacle: the troops and mar- ines of the Czar split into opposite factions, and fighting each other with deadly determina- tion rebellion everywhere, and; great suffering and loss of hfe. Well may we ask "How has all this come about?" It appears that the politicians and mindsitiers of Russia strangely underrated the solidarity and power of the revolutionary movement; they also seem to have forgotten the extensive discontent amongst the peasantry, thousands of whom had died of starvation the large bodies of the workless and undie.rpaid.; the network of secret societies, all over, such as Anarchist and Nihilists; and the organised Social Demo- cratsl, who would have preferred a bloodless revolution. To. expect to suppress, by forcing a premature revolution, and: by methods, of un- precedented barbarity, the hopes, and aspira- tions of such an enormous mass of the Russian population was the idea of a political madman The revolution, wias first set in motion by the massacre of "Red Sunday." But for that unfor- tunate event, the subsequent bloodshed would probably never have happened. At one. stroke the Russian Government, of its own free will, shattered; for ever its moral influence over the large mass1 of the, population. Previous1 to. the procession, marching to. the Winter Palace Father Gapon had: interviewed a prominenit state official; and he was under the: impres- sion that the processionists would, not be fired upon. At parting, this official however said to him "I shall d.o my duty." What his idea of "duty" was we know only too well; for next day women, children, old and young men, were barbarously sabred, shot; down and massacred. They were, neither riotous, violent, nor even armed, and were walking in good order when they were, butchered. The unlucky cannon shot at the "blessing of the watetisi of thet Neva" was no excuse for the massacre' of unarmed proces- sionists., the majority of whom were loyal to the Cziar, and who had nothing to do, with the matter. They were, only attempting to revive, an ancient custom, whereby the Russian people had the right t\J1 proceed to the, palace and lay their, grievances. at the feet of the Czar. They were also carrying the. Czar's portrait, singling patriotic songs, carrying ikons., flags, &c. It seems- that Russian politicians thought that by shooting down,, and sabring procession- ists. they would be, able to crush the' reform move,m,e,nt. They completely lost sight of the fact that no population will ever tolerate women, children.-and. old men being deliberately butchered in the street's; and: that by their action they alienated the loyalty of hundreds of thfousanids,. As, the. Cossacs and infantry passed in the street's, the. rage, of the, populace, wa,s so great they shouted "Assassins! murderers!" from their open windows. Once this frightful "policy" 'was adopted, there was. no. drawing back, lest it should have been lookre:dl upon as a sign; of weakness hence the. government troopsconitinued to wade their way over the corpses- of thousands, till at last both soldiers and' sailo-rs. grew mutinous I and discontented at the loathsome butchery I mlany of them having lost their own relations in the massacres. Hence, every fresh massacre, which was' met with the most resolute determin- ation. by the; brave Russian people, only in- ¡ creased the powear of the revolutionaries. A vast crowd of nearly half a million swept down in process-ion- to the spot where the blood of the If first martyrs was sihiedi, and there they knelt down, and sang a hymn. In. a former article in the "Weekly Nerws" on "Causes, of Revolutions. I asserted; there was no one more dangerous, to the welfare of a staite, than the minister whosle sole remedy for political evils was- "mo,rie troops, more guns, müteiarmleQ fleets." The arbitrary and; oppres- sive conduct of Straffo-rdi and Laud helped to cause Charles 'the First the loss- of his life and of his kingdom as well as. the, arbitrary man- ner in which he sought to maintain, his own prerogatives. In the case, of Louis, of France the arbitrary and1 brutal conduct of the Prime Minister of France, De Lambesc, helped to pre- cipitate' the populace' into, a rebellion. They had ait one time brought the King and Queen back to. Paris with acclamations, being willing 'he should continue to reign over them with a revised constitution but, the attempt of the re- actionary party to bring Austrian troops to give over Paris to. military execution!, was fatal to the unfortunate King and Queen. Now let us imag.in,e what would have been the, result, had the politicians- of Russia- adopted an opposite course to that which they have taken. Let us suppose that, regardless of his narrow escape from death, the Czar had gener- ously flung open, the gates of his- palace, and re- ceived a. deputation from the processionists- We might also imagine- 'him addressing them some- thing to the following effect:—"I have but just had: a narrow escape, from death, in company with the Grand: Duke Vladimir; nevertheless, I am here at the risk of my life to receive your petition, anid expressions, of loyalty. Your grievances; shall receive the consideration of my ministers." Had he -and his. ministers gone still further, and instead of meeting every attempt at reform wiith dieterffiimed opposition, or by a species, of political jugglery promising to pass them but failing to keep their word had they, I repeat, gone with thei tide and: become reform- ers and: revolutionaries in a sense themselves, Russia might even now have: been more pros- perous and powerful than ever. Had the Czar, like a real autocrat, command- ed the Grand Dukes, nobles., manufacturers, and men of wealth to help him in carrying out dras- tic and far reaching reforms, might he not, with millions of workmen and peasants at his back, have succeededi in saving his Empire ? The split caused by the; fatal events of "Red Sunday" might then have been prevented. An ancient writer, writing over five hundred years before the birth of Christ, makes the fol- lowing observation concerning the city of Athens, which had its kingsi and rich men —"In those days there was. no citizen who died of want, or begged in the streets, to the dishonour of the community." If such a condition of society could exist so- long ago, why do we in these days throw uip our in despair and exclaim "impossible" to all schemes? I CHESTER MALAM.
'7' Trefriw—HOTEL BELLE VUE. Beautifully situated on the Banks of the Conway, one mile and a half from Llanrwst Station THE Hotel has been extensively altered, entirely re-furnished, GOO I;SAL N & TROUT and contains every accommodation and comfort. FISHING. TENNIS, GOLF, &c. COACHING DAILY TO THE DISTRICT. | "7 7' Terms on Application to CHARLES FRUEN, Proprietor J. ROBERTS & SON SOLE AGENTS FOR QUADRANT Cycles & Motors PETO AND- RADFORD'S ACCUMULATORS. BATTERIES CHARGED. Pratts and Carless Spirit. JippyoCAtHDQ Price's and Vacuum Oils. Abt&dbUfilfca. Oil & Color Dealers. PAPERHANGINGS, PAINTS, OILS, VARNISHES, BRUSHES, &c. Agents for WINSOR & NEWTON'S Artists' Colors and Materials. Mounts, Glass, Mouldings and Frames. J. ROBERTS & SON, Conway Terrace, LLANRWST 'Ara te This is a view of the interior of the FOOD SPECIALIST'S DEPOT, IN ABERGELE ROAD, COLWYN BAY. For a view of the exterior we call the atten- tion of the public to take particular notice of our WINDOW DISPLAY this week, WHEREIN IS SHOWN CHRISTMAS CAKES of every description. All of which are made in our own Bakeries, and are in every sense of the word real HOME-MADE CAKhS, At prices ranging from 1s. to 3 Guineas. GWESYN-PRYCE, The FOOD SPECIALIST. E. D. JONES, lam Loon High-Class Grocer and Provision Merchant, Baker and Confectioner. TLJrr QTARFQ abergele road, 1 M CL 3 I si COLWYN BAY. Telephone Mcip. 3y. Is now offering New Currants, from 2|d. per ib. New Raisins, from 3td. New Sultanas, from 4d. „ French Plums, 6d. & 7d. Muscatels, iod, i & 1/2 „ Boxes oi Figs, from 4td. each. y 2 Lemon Peel, from 4td. per lb. Also a good Selection of Fancy Iced Cakes. Fancy Boxes ot Chocolates. Boxes of Bon-bons. Boxes of Crystalised Fruits. Ground, Cooking, & Dessert Almonds. Non-alcoholic Wines, &c. Best Display of XMAS CARDS At R. E. JONES & BROS., 8, Station Road, COLWYN BAY. Telegraphic Address: MELBOURNE WORKS." NAT. TELEPHONE, No. 2y4. J oes- Son, General Contractors, Ironmongers, Plumbers, Decorators, &c. MOTOR & CYCLE DEPOT. Official Repairer to the C.T.C. Our Repairs and Accessories an Agents for all Leading Cycle well known for their excellence and Manufacturers. durability. Ride our Noted "CASTELL CYCLES," Made of the best Fittings, fitted with Fagan jf* Q fl two-speed gear and free wheel, raised handle, CW Z* 1 %J O • VU 2 inverted rim brakes, plated rims, green uwrr CKBW. centres and lined, fitted with first grade „ „ „ „ fl.. Warwick Tyres. Pratts Motor Spirits kept in Stock. Cycles for Hire by the Hour, Day, Week, and Month. NOTE ADDRESS: MELBOURNE WORKS, CO-NWILY Printed and Published.by R. E. Jones & Bros., at their Printing- Works, The Quay, Conway, and Published at the Central Library, 8, Station Road, Colwyn Bav.