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The Royal Cambrian Academy…

The Gwynedd Ladies' Art Society.

Conway & Llandudno Petty Sessions.

Carnarvonshire Joint Sanitary…


Carnarvonshire Joint Sanitary Authority. A meeting was held at Llandudno, on May 21st Mr W. Bevan presiding over a large attendance. —The Clerk (Mr J. H. Thomas) read a letter from the Local Government Board sanctioning the appointment ot Dr. Fraser as medical officer up to 25th October, Igoo-The annual report of Dr. Fraser was considered. Attention was called to the great disparity in the returns of infant mortality. At Menai Bridge the return was 52 per 1000 of the registered births, whereas at Llandudno it was 233 per 1000.—Dr. Fraser replied that in small places vital statistics would vary very much. The high rate at Llandudno was due to infantile diseases in the autumn months, caused by the very hot weathei in September. Most of the cases occurred amongst infants fed on the bottle. He suggested that parents, when they registered births, should be given a small handbill or guide as to dieting children. Witn the assistance of the medical profession, he thought that he could carry that suggestion into effect. It was remarkeJ that last year the infant mortality in Llandudno was the highest.—The Chairman It is not so now. Conway, Glan Conway, and Criccieth are still higher.—Mr Thomas Roberts (Aber) I notice that Glan Conway is the highest, 295 per 1000.- Dr. Fraser: That is a place in which a few deaths makes a great variation in the rate.—Dr. Langford Jones (Bangor) said that he should be pleased to assist Dr. Fraser in the way indicated. There was no greater cause of mortality amongst children than improper feeding. It the parents could be got at in the way suggested it would produce much good.—The Committeee adopted Dr. Fraser s report, from an abstract of which we take the subjoined passages "The Pe.niiaenmawr Authority, in conjunction with the Conway Urban and Rural Authorities, have taken steps with a view to provide their District with an Isolation Hospital." In the Conway Urban District the vital statistics of the year show a noteworthy high birth-rate. As 111 1894, this district heads the list of all the Carnarvonshire Districts in the rate of births. The general death-rate is also high, even after making allowance for the deaths of non-residents in the Union Wrorkhouse. The death-rate is influenced unfavourably, as in 1894, by an excessive number ot deaths among infants under one year of age, by a high mortality among aged persons, and in the class of all other diseases.' During the year the district has been remarkably free from infectious disease. The abundant supply of water now available from the Cowlyd mams lias materially assisted in improv- ing the sanitary condition of several parts of the town. It is to be regretted that the village of Gyffin has not yet been placed in a sanitary con- dition, though really an urgent case. A con- siderable extension of the sewerage system is required for various parts of the town and out- skirts. During the year, eight houses have been closed as unfit tor habitation. The Authority is moving in the direction of providing an Isolation Hospital for infectious diseases." At Colwyn Bay the vital statistics show that a low birth-rate prevailed during the year, and that the general death-rate was also low. The rise in the general death-rate, as compared with the exceptionally low death-rate of 1894, is chiefly to be attributed to a rise in the infantile mortality, zymotic mortality, and, to some extent, the other classes of disease. The death-rate from phthisis showed some improvement upon that of 1894- The necessity of an Isolation Hospital has been very evident during the year. Without one, the District is constantly exposed to the danger of serious outbreak ot infectious disease, and I earnestly hope that steps will as soon as possible be taken to provide one. During the year much time and attention has been given by the Authority of this District to sanitary work. The sewerage system of the town has been improved by the construction of several man-holes. The slaughter-houses of the district have been inspected, and notices served for cleansing and improving the same. A noteworthy feature has been the carrying out of a special survey of all the bakehouses, dairies, milkshops, and cow- sheds in the District." Housing of the Working Classes Act, 1890: It is worthy of mention that among the various Sanitary Authorities there is a growing tendency to make use of the beneficial powers conferred upon them by the above Act. In several of the Urban Districts, houses which were considered unfit for habitation have been closed during the year by putting the Act in force. Part III. of the Act is one which if put in force would go a long way towards improving the public health, and would also meet the need for better houses which is keenly felt by many working-men's families. It appears to me that the machinery whereby the slums and insanitary places, which are still too numerous in our towns, can be swept away, and an improved environment for the people provided instead, is now in readiness, and only requires forward action by Sanitary Authorities to initiate great changes for the real improvement of the various Districts under their care."