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Max O'Rell's Lecture, N et…

ICOLWYN BAY.I

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type of Radicalism (Applause). There was a large English community at Colwyn Bay, but that did not interfere with the development of Welsh national views, an encouraging sign of which was to be found in the existence of a strong branch of the Cymru Fydd Society, which was doing excellent work in the locality. They at Colwyn Bay also had apparently with the greatest ease solved the problem which, like a Sphinx, seemed to lie in the path of political organisation in many other quarters, namely, the true relation between the old and the new Liberal Associations and it appeared to them, as it should be plain to all, that there was no conflict between old and new forms of organisation, that both old and new were comrades in arms, inspired by the same spirit, and pledged to march towards the same goal (Applause). After referring to the honour which Colwyn Bay had recently received through the presence of Mr Gladstone in their town, Mr Roberts dealt with the record of Parliament for the last two sessions, pointing out that Mr Chamberlain had declared that no Parliament during the last twenty years had done more, having regard to the importance of the bills passed. This was the tribute of the most bitter opponent of the Government as to the extent and character of its accomplishments. The passing of the Home Rule Bill through the House of Commons was a gigantic task, and though it was lost in another place," the principle of Home Rule still lived, not only for Ireland, but, in some form or other, for Wales also (Applause). The Parish Councils Bill was carried through all its stages, in the teeth of the most powerful opposition ever displayed in Parliament, and would prove, he believed, one of the most potent statutes for the quickening of rural life throughout the country ever passed. The Budget Bill was a Herculean labour, and would always be associated with the genius and tact of Sir William Harcourt. The equalisation of the duties upon real and personal estate and the graduation of the death duties were principles long advocated by Liberal financial reformers, and their appearance upon the Statute- book of this country marked a distinct advance in the march of democracy. Wales would benefit largely from each of these reforms, but there were certain points of vital and special interest to Welshmen to which he would briefly allude. First of all, there was the position of the measure, upon which, before all others, the mind of Wales was set, the Welsh Disestablishment Bill (Applause). He need not refer to the overwhem- j ing importance of this question in Wales, neither need he at Colwyn Bay assure them that he realised this to the fullest extent, and that every step he took in Parliament in connection with the advancement of the Bill was actuated solely by a determination to act for the best interests of the cause which they had equally at heart. There had been a small cloud upon the horizon a few months ago, in the shape of a difference of opinion as to the best course to take in order to emphasise the grim earnestness of Wales upon this point. The cloud had, however, now disappeared because of the promise given that their measure would be the principal measure of next session, and their duty under the circumstances was to unite them- selves in the country and in Parliament in order to secure the fulfilment of this pledge (Applause). Referring to the sittings of the Land Commission, he did not like the pessimistic view held by some that the inquiry had been a failure on the contrary, he believed that it would eventuate in substantial gain to the condition of the Welsh farmers. No doubt the case of the landlord had been well prepared, and much had been left hidden in the case of the tenants for fear of future vengeance by certain landlords, but still the most interesting information concerning the present state of Welsh agriculture had been given, and in- conceivable proofs supplied of the impossibility of making a livelihood out of farming, under existing circumstances, with the payment of the present rents. Depend upon it, the exhaustive enquiry recently held would bring forth good results in the direction hoped for. [Applause.]. He would allude to one other pressing Welsh question, in which Colwyn Bay was perhaps specially interested, the present unsatisfactory state of the Magisterial Bench in Wales, and the fact that throughout the country generally local justice was administered by Benches and Magis- trates the great majority of whom did not represent the opinion or speak the language of the over- whelming majority of the inhabitants. He had gone to some trouble to ascertain how matters stood in the counties of North Wales, and, so far as he was able to gather, up to a comparatively recent date, the case stood thus :-For the whole of North Wales, there were 104 Liberal magis- trates, 454 Conservative and Unionist, and 19 whose views were doubtful. In the county of Denbigh, the Liberal magistrates numbered 17, Conservative and Unionist 98, or a proportion of nearly six Conservatives to every Liberal magis- trate. The injustice of this state of things was enhanced by the fact that a large proportion of these gentlemen, over 50 per cent., could not speak the Welsh language. When it was remembered that the great majority of the people were Welsh in language, thought and feeling, and Liberal in politics, and that these facts were evidenced most clearly by the character of the representation of the county in Parliament, in the County Council, and on all other local bodies, it would be seen how pressing was the need of a change in the composition of the bench (Applause). He would lose no opportunity of bringing these facts before Parliament and in other quarters, with the view of obtaining at all events some redress of the grievance complained of. Concluding, Mr Roberts pointed out that there was one question which, in his view, capped all others at the present time, and that was the position and powers of the House of Lords. Vain were their hopes for Dis- establishment, Land Reform, and further provision for Local Government so long as the Lords, clinging proudly to every vestige of its ancient authority, stood in their way. It would be for them at every public meeting to say that this must be no longer. They were living in stirring times, and Wales was called upon to play an important part upon the battle-field of politics. They had, each one of them, their work to do, some blow to strike, some fortress to defend. Let them listen for the call of duy, and, as its bondsmen, strive to live in the light of truth (Applause). Mr T. E. Ellis, who was received with cheers, after referring to the advantages which it was hoped would be conferred by the passing of the Parish Councils Act, which he thought would, among other things, result in the general adoption of the Libraries Acts and a more perfect mainten- ance of public footpath rights, said that the more the Local Government Act was examined, the clearer it became that it embodied a large part of what the Welsh people had been struggling for in their national movement for Disestablishment, for popular energy and sacrifices on behalf of the Disestablisment meant much more than the provisions of the actual Disestablishment Bill, and it really included the strenuous fight for civil, social, and religious equality (Cheers). The attainment of that equality had been slowly accomplished by the establishment of a national and democratic system of education from a village school to the university, by means of which everyone, whether Establishmentarian or Non- conformist, was given an equality of opportunity. The establishment of a system of Local Govern- ment, based on a franchise of one man one vote, placed every man on a civic equality. Let them examine the progress which in the course of 25 years Wales had made In the matter of bestowing upon everyone in Wales equality of opportunity. In the matter of education, it might be gauged by the amount of grants from the Imperial Exchequer for schools in Wales. Take first of all primary schools. In 1869 there was paid in grants to primary schools in Wales and Monmouthshire L41,148 last year a sum of £ 335,463 was paid in grants to the Welsh primary schools (Cheers). In 1869 the sum devoted to the maintenance of science schools and classes in Wales was £254 last year £3,926 was so devoted. In 1869 for art schools and classes £539 was granted, whereas last year £ 7,881 were gained by art schools and classes (Cheers). The change was still greater in the spheres of secondary and technical education. In 1869 the State was content with merely reorganising the existing endowments for secondary education. Those endowments in Wales were shown to be inadequate, and whereas the State spent not a penny in 1869, it would during next year pay 250,000 upon secondary and technical education in Wales (Cheers). The change was quite as striking in the matter of higher education in Wales. Over and above the L12,000 paid to the three national University Colleges at Aberystwyth, Cardiff, and Bangor, £ 1,500 a year was now paid for the development of agricultural education in Wales and although so far the effect of this education upon Welsh agriculture was comparatively small, yet he ventured to think that within ten years it would have gone far to revolutionise agricultural methods throughout Wales, and give to Welsh agriculture an impetus as strong as was given to Danish agriculture by the State system of education there (Cheers). There was one development of special interest to the future of Welsh education. The Government now made a grant of £ 7,500 a year for the training of primary teachers in the three University Colleges. It seemed to him a matter of special importance that the future primary teachers of Wales, who could so largely shape and mould the social life of the Welsh villages and towns, were being educated at the national centres of culture, side by side with the future secondary teachers, university teachers, and professional and public men of the Principality (Cheers). Over and aboveall this, there was now an annual grant of £3,000 towards the maintenance of the new University of Wales, and as the University got into full working order, and its work expanded, he had no doubt but that that grant would be increased. During the present year Sir William Harcourt had made a grant of £ 10,000 which would enable Aberystwyth to finish its splendid pile of college buildings, the very finest in the Principality (Cheers). Comparing 1869 with to-day, he fonnd that 25 years ago less than C,42,000 was granted by the State for all forms of public education in Wales, whereas now the sum annually devoted to the various institutions for the public benefit amounted to over L430,000 (Cheers). That measure of progress was attribut- able to the genuine and persistent enthusiasm of the people for education (Cheers). At every stage they had had to fight the powers of the Anglican Establishment in Wales. It was in the teeth of the most fierce opposition on the part of the clergy that the Welsh people had been able to secure for the school public control. It was only in the face of the sneers and indifference of the vast majority of the bishops and clergy of the Establishment that the university colleges were established and developed. There were notable exceptions such as Dean Vaughan of Llandaff, Archdeacon Griffith, and the late Dean Edwards of Bangor but taken all in all, these schools were prospering in spite of the indifference and veiled opposition of the Etsablishment in Wales (Hear, hear). That opposition had been carried to the extent of opposing the establishment of secondary education in Wales. During the past two years the Bishops of St Asaph and Bangor had used their positions in the House of Lords and endeavoured to defeat the Schemes, or parts of Schemes, which had been passed by the Welsh County Councils, and the Charity Commissioners, and the Education De- partment (Cries of 11 Shame.") In many cases the bitter opposition to these Schemes had not even been approved of by the House of Lords itself (Hear, hear). The Bishop of Bangor had moved the rejection of the Carnarvonshire Scheme, and he and his brother of St Asaph gave notice of motions for the rejection of other Schemes such as those of Flint and Anglesey but the opinion even of the House of Lords was not so Tory, reactionary, and anti-national as that of two Bishops (Laughter). As it was, they had mangled the Cardiganshire Scheme by taking from it some of the most valuable provisions for the establishment of scholarships, exhibitions and bursaries. They had taken from other Schemes, such as those of Merioneth, Denbigh and Flint, the provisions which made it impossible for any sectarian ascendancy to be established in any of the secondary schools of Wales. In the case of the Denbighshire Scheme, the Welsh Bishops allowed the House of Lords to take a most cowardly course. Under the Endowed Schools Act of 1869, with which the Welsh Intermediate Education Act was incorporated, a provision was made for enabling a judicial body to decide questions of legality raised with regard to any Scheme passed by the Charity Commissioners and the Education Department. Another provision was made by which Parliament was enabled to supervise questions of policy raised by these Schemes. No doubt the question at issue in the case of the Ruthin Grammar School was pre-eminently a question of legality. The Bishop and his friends thought that the school was a Church foundation and it was illegal to convert a Church foundation to an open and undenominational foundation. The Endowed Schools Act contemplated that such a question of legality should be referred for decision to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council,—a legal point to be decided by the highest legal tribunal. This course was open to the Bishop and his friends, but, though it was a legal question, the Bishop and his friends had not the manliness to refer it to the proper legal tribunal. Instead of that he used his power as a Bishop of the Anglican Church, with a seat in the House of Lords, to mangle a Scheme which had received, not alone the complete sanction of the County Council, but the unquestioned sanction of the Charity Commissioners and the Education Department. Why did the Bishop of St Asaph fear and shirk the ordeal of the Privy Council and resort to the Tory and Church prejudices of the House of Lords ? It was because they had before them the deliberate opinion of Sir Edward Clarke, the Solicitor General to the Conservative Admini- stration, that the Scheme of 18S1, in which the Ruthin School had been re-organised,had the force of an Act of Parliament (Cheers). In the face of the completed concurrence of both the local and central bodies formulating this Scheme and Sir Edward Clarke's opinion, he (Mr Ellis) repeated that it was cowardly on the part of the Bishops to shirk, on the plea of expense the ordeal of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, and use their power as Bishops of the Establishment to mangle the Denbighshire Scheme (Cheers). Desperate attempts were made from time to time to disprove the allegation that the Anglican Establishment in Wales was alien and anti-national in spirit. The whole course of the 25 years during which Wales had been occupying itself with the state of public national education for its boys and girls, was further and conclusive evidence of the antagonism between the hierarchy of the Establishment and the masses of the Welsh people, and it was not a matter for any surprise that the Welsh people should grow impatient at the delay in securing an Act which would end the Establishment in Wales and devote the tithe charge upon the land and the labour of Wales to public and social purposes, and clear out of the House of Lords the Bishops of the Establishment in Wales, who used their position to defeat the deliberate wishes and carefully elaborated plans of the Welsh people (Cheers). Now that they were entering on the Parliamentary stage of this controversy, they should enter on it with spirit and determination, and whatever minor differences there might be in Wales, either in religion or politics, they, at any rate, should be united, determined, and steadfast, to carry the great issue to a triumphant and victorious end. They knew very well that the Disestablishment Bill would be rejected by the House of Lords. (A Voice Reject them.") Yes, the cup of the House of Lords was getting full, and he was glad to think that as soon as the Government could pass through the House of Commons the details of the Newcastle Programme, it would appeal with confidence to the democracy of this country not alone on the work it had done, but upon the great issue whether the democracy of this country was to be governed by its own representatives or whether it was to be governed and have its wishes thwarted by an hereditary and irresponsible House which had always stood itself steadily against the current of popular reform and when the struggle against the House of Lords was once entered upon, the battle would be carried on to the bitter end, until the power of veto was irrevocably taken away from the House of Lords, and in the future Wales would obtain triumphs still more marked, still more signal, and still more potent for the contentment and progress of its people (Loud cheers). Votes of confidence in Mr Herbert Roberts, M.P., and in the Government, and a resolution declaring that the House of Lords should be ended, were enthusiastically passed. Three cheers were given for Mr T. E. Ellis, and the meeting ended. SIR G. O. MORGAN AT COLWYN BAY. Headed as above, the subjoined letter appears in Monday's Liverpool Daily Post:- TO THE EDITOR OF THE DAILY POST. SIR,-As I was instrumental in getting Colwyn Bay made into a centre for the Oxford Local Examinations, I very naturally feel interested in its increasing prosperity. It is much to be regretted that, in your excellent report of the prize distribution by Sir G. Osborne Morgan, the letter from Canon Roberts should have been placed pre-eminently, and as if any mention had been made of it at the meeting. As a matter of fact, although the letter was received some time ago by the Secretary (Mr Nunn), it was not read at the meeting of the committeee. It was deemed so wide of the mark that it was really ignored by the Chairman. It is a matter for deep regret that the canon's letter has been published without any authority whatever. It was a note in his private capacity, addressed to a private meeting, and certainly not intended for publication. Sir G. Osborne Morgan, as a distinguished Oxford man, was invited to distribute the certificates months before the objectionable letter was written, and the delightful afternoon Sir George gave us fully justified the committee in the choice it made.—Yours, &c., JAMES WOOD, Treasurer. The Liverpool Daily Post (Oct. 24th, r894):- TO THE EDITOR OF THE DAILY POST. SIR,-Referring to the letter of Mr James Wood in your issue of to-day, I beg to be allowed to explain (as I have already done to Canon Roberts) that I did not regard his letter to me as a confidential communication, but showed it to members of my committee, and also to your repre- sentative, who had heard of it, and called on me expressly to see it. I understood the latter intended to mention the letter in your columns (which it seemed to me would probably not be displeasing, but even acceptable, to Canon Roberts), but I did not expect he would hand it to you for publication verbatim, nor did I even know that he had done more than make a note of Canon Roberts's views.—Yours &c., FRANCIS NUNN. Colwyn Bay, Oct. 22, 1894. The following has been sent us for publication by Mr Nunn, Hon Sec Colwyn Bay Centre, Oxford Local Examinations:— Bangor, 24th October, 1894. Dear Mr Nunn,—I hasten to comply with your request to state the circumstances under which I obtained a copy of Canon Roberts' letter re the visit of Sir George Osborne Morgan to Colwyn Bay last Friday. I had heard of the nature of the letter, and as a pressman thought the terms of the letter would be of general interest under the circumstances. Not wishing to run the risk of giving a garbled version of the contents of the letter, I came to you as the most likely person to put me in possession of the true facts of the case. You there- upon handed me the letter, of which I took a shorthand note, which I afterwards telegraphed to the evening papers. That is all you had to do with the publication of the letter, and the letters you have written to Canon Roberts on the subject, of which you have shewn me copies, together with your letter published in to-day's Daily Post, are strictly in spirit and in letter true and correct versions of what actually took place. Yours faithfully, North Wales Reporter, JOHN HUMPHREYS. Liverpool Daily Post. SIR GEORGE OSBORNE MORGAN AT COLWYN BAY. ADDRESS ON EDUCATION. PROTEST BY CANON ROBERTS. There was a large gathering at the Public Hall, Colwyn Bay, on Friday afternoon, October 19th, on the occasion of the presentation by the Right Hon. Sir George Osborne Morgan, Q.C., M.P., Bart., of prizes to the successful candidates at the local Centre of the Oxford Local Examinations. The proceedings were presided over by Mr W. H. Cogswell, who remarked that the session's report showed that the ammnt of learning im- parted through private schools and other channels had been most remarkable. Colwyn Bay, he ventured to say, had become a "hotbed of learn- ing" [Laughter.], and it spoke volumes for the healthiness of the neighbourhood, as well as of the soundness of the education imparted, that the establishment of schools was still on the increase. [Applause.]. The following letter had been received by Mr F. Nunn, the local secretary, from the Rev Canon Roberts, Vicar of St Paul's, Colwyn Bay — "My Dear Sir,—In reply to your notice of a committee meeting to consider the arrangements for the distribution of prizes in connection with the Local Examination (Oxford), if the report is true that Sir George Osborne Morgan has already been asked to distribute the prizes, I do not think anyone should have been asked before your pro- posed meeting of the committee, and Sir George is such a bitter open scoffer at the Church that it would be most unfair to us as Church people, and I think the majority of the schools are Church, to ask such a person. I have taken the liberty to frankly express my feeling in this matter. I for one will have nothing to do with it if such as Sir George has been asked.—Yours, &c., HUGH ROBERTS. The Secretary read the following letter, apolo- gising for non-attendance, from the Rev Venables Williams Dear Sir,—I very much regret that I shall be unable, through absence from home—long pre- arranged—to attend the distribution of prizes to the successful candidates at the Colwyn Bay centre of the Oxford local by the Right Honour- able Sir George Osborne Morgan, Bart., M.P. There is, to my mind, a peculiar suitability in the selection of Sir George for such a function—a worthy representative of the University of Oxford, my own alma mater—where he was Craven scholar 1844, prize for English verse 1846, prize for English essay 1850, first classman 1848, Eldon Law scholar 1851, and Stowell Fellow of the University College. As an Oxford man, I am proud to be a humble alumnas of the same univ- ersity as Sir George.—Again regretting my in- ability to be present on such an interesting occasion, and asking you to be good enough to read this letter to the meeting to explain the cause of my absence, believe me, to be. yours truly, WM. VENABLES WILLIAMS. Sir George Osborne Morgan, in presenting the prizes-which were 18 in number-said that the report just read did great credit to Colwyn Bay, as he found that out of the 13 senior candidates who had passed, seven had obtained honours; while out of 37 successful candidates in the junior class, 14 had obtained honours. The whole result was most remarkable. While the average of those throughout the Kingdom who had obtained honours was 16 per cent., the average in the Colwyn Bay Centre was 54 per cent. [Applause.]. The result was all the more remarkable because it had been pointed out to him that nearly all the candidates came from private schools, which some ten years ago hardly existed at all in that locality, which, when he first remembered it, was little more than one small public-house. [Laughter.]. When he first came to Colwyn Bay, one would as soon have expected to see a private school estab- lished on the top of Snowdon as in that town. But great as was the change which had come over Colwyn Bay, it was not to be compared to that which had come over his old University of Oxford. When he attended at Oxford it was the most exclusive, if not also the most reactionary, place of learning in the world. She surrounded her great endowments—her fellowships and scholarships—with a line of tests and disabilities which prevented half at least of her young men who might have been benefitted by them from gaining a foothold in her cloistered halls. Now, she had not only levelled those artificial barriers to the ground, but she had come down from her lofty pedestal and by means of University Exten- sion lectures and those local examinations she had won back her ancient title to be the intellectual foster mother of England. [Applause.]. As the mountain could not come to Mahomet, Mahomet had come to the mountain.—[Laughter.]. He might claim to have some experience of examin- ations, for he had probably passed through as many as any man of his age out of China.— [Laughter.]. Where every office of State from Prime Minister to post-boy was given away by competitive examination,—not always, as recent events had shown, with the best practical results. Examinations had their good points and their weak points, and he wished to say a word of both. —[Hear, hear]. They no doubt supplied a boy or a girl with a standard of self-measurement they enabled him or her to test what they could and what they could not do, and thus helped to inspire that self-reliance which was so conducive to success in life. They also compelled young people to keep their attainments in a portable shape, ready for production and use at a moment's notice.—[Applause.]. On the other hand, exam- inations had a tendency to encourage that worst enemy of true education, cramming A good examiner ought to be able to detect and discourage this kind of spurious knowledge.—[Applause.]. He found that there was something in the cry which had lately been raised against the modern system of examination that it made "parrot" scholars, through whose minds knowledge ran like water off a duck's back—[Laughter.],—leave- ing no real or lasting benefits after it. Indeed, a friend of his had told him thaf if Bacon had lived in the present day he would have added a fourth to his former three aphorisms about reading, writ- ing, and speakiiig,-thatexaminingmade a shallow man. [Laughter and applause]. There was only one way of counteracting the fatal tendency, and that was to digest and assimilate their knowledge, and thus make it thoroughly their own.—[Hear, hear.]. He was particularly glad to see the large proportion of girls who had been successful in the examination. If he were asked to say [in what direction our modern educational svstem had made the greatest strides he should unhesitatingly say it was in the direction of female education.— [Applause.]. The young ladies of the present day little knew what an exceedingly dull, listless life their great grandmothers led. In his youth, if a girl tried to strike out a new line of study for her- self she was at once dubbed a blue stocking," and it was darkly whispered that the gentlemen were afraid of her.—[Laughter.]. He well re- membered the refrain of a song which was popular in his day at Oxford- To it, you dons, put your studies in order, All the blue stockings are crossing the border. [Laughter.]. Certainly in those days he would as little have expected to see two Oxford colleges established for the education of young women as to see two Oxford colleges established for the education of young cherubim.—[Laughter.]. A girl was brought up at home under the guidance of a governess, who was often selected for the post, not because she was fit for it, but because she was fit for nothing else and then, at the age of sixteen, she was sent to a "finishing school," and at seventeen or eighteen her education was supposed to be finished,—at the age when in reality it ought to have been just beginning. Before concluding he would like to give them one or two pieces of advice with regard to the future. The first would be that they should cultivate some hobby, such as archaeology, geology, or, best of all, botany, for which the neighbouring Orme's Head offered an excellent field. Hobbies gave a zest to life, and added not a little to the happiness of mankind. Then, as to books. Although a busy man, he had always managed to have two books in reading at his side,—one of a more serious kind on some theological, historical, or philosophical subject; and the other a lighter work, such as an amusing biography, a book of really good poetry, or, he was not ashamed to say, a thoroughly good novel. But the novel must be a good o tie, -one of Scott's, or Thackeray's, or Trollope's best works, and not the sort of trash with which they were inundated in these days,— a kind of mental lollipop, spoiling the digestion and creating a distaste for solid food. In con- clusion, he would quote some words which he had taken for the purpose from one of the most charm- ing books ever written, Professor Froude's "Life of Erasmus." They were addressed by that great scholar to his pupils four hundred years ago, but were as true at the present day as then Read the best hooks on the subject which you have in hand. Why learn what you will have to unlearn? Why overload your mind with too much food or with poisonous food ? The important thing for you is not how much you know, but the quality of what you know. Listen to your lecturer. Commit what he tells you to memory,—write it down if you will, but before everything make it your own. Never work at night it dulls the brain and hurts the health. Remember, above all, that nothing passes away so rapidly as youth." [Applause.]. The prizes and certificates were then distributed, and the meeting closed with votes of thanks to Sir George Osborne Morgan and the chairman. FOOTBALL. RYDAL MOUNT (BOYS' ELEVEN V. ST. ASAPH GRAMMAR SCHOOL.—Played at St. Asaph, on Saturday, October 2oth resulting in a victory for Rydal Mount by 11 goals to o. This march was not of much practical use as a test of the winning team, who had the easiest of tasks in gaining a hollow victory. Greenhalgli scored the first goal within five minutes of the kick-off, after a run up the left wing and Raby soon added a second, the ball going off a St. Asaph back. Next, another apparent goal was disallowed for Rydal, and shortly after, a still worse decision robbed the same side of another point. This, however, mattered little, as the home team were utterly out of the hunt their forwards were ragged, and their defence was paralysed before the combina- tion of the Rydal forwards. Greenhalgh shot a third goal, after the home custodian had partially saved from a kick by Melling then, after a high return from Nicholson had almost bounced through, Dean worked the ball up, and Osborn put the finishing touch to number four.. Then Osborn sent across to Lewis, who ended a run by transferring to Greenhalgh, who scored the fifth. A good screw-in by Dean was now converted by Lewis, and ends were changed with the score at 6--0. The home eleven made various changes in the disposition of their team, and after the resumption of play, their goal-keeper gave an excellent display, or a larger number than six must have been added to the score ere time was called. Dean and Greenhalgh had exchanged positions, and a pass from the former enabled Greenhalgh to score the seventh point, while the same player put on the eighth, and also enabled Osborn to obtain a subsequent goal. The tenth fell to Greenhalgh again, and Osborn passed to Lewis just before time, enabling him to shoot the final one. All the Rydal forwards played well, and did much as they pleased with the home defence Nicholson and Melling were very smart also in giving them capital openings, the former doing a great amount of the half-back work. Rydal MountR. Remfry (goal); G. E. Sisterson and A. Marsden (backs); J. A. Nicholson, W. A. Melling, and R. S. Raby (halves); A. H. Whitehouse, A. C. F. Osborn, A. E. Dean, A. J. Greenhalgh, and W. P. Lewis (forwards). THE RAINFALL AT BRYN EURYN. | Diameter of Funnel, 5 inches. Rain Guage { Height) Above ground, 1 foot. I of Top i Above Sea Level, 125 feet. Readings taken at 9 a.m., daily. Month. Date. Depth. Remarks, Inches. October 17 0'°5 „ 18 °'°9 icj o'38 ^Heaviest Rain- *20 1 *c8 fall since July 21 — 8th, 1893,when 22 — 1 '66 was regis- 23 '0.40 tered. Total for week 2'00 THOS. HUTCHINGS.

ICOLWYN BAY.I