Conway and Llandudno County Court. LLANDUDNO, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 15th. Before His Honour Judge Sir Horatio Lloyd. THE PRICE OF POULTRY. John Roberts, Berry Street, Conway, for whom Mr James Porter (Messrs W111. Jones & Porter) appeared, sued Robert Jones, Penmaenmawr, whom Mr Henderson defended, in respect of the price (18s) of some poultry.—His Honour gave judgment for the plaintiff, for 15s and costs.
Correspondence. [In no case are we responsible for the opinions expressed in this column.] To the Editor. SHAWMS. SIR-In the Cantata Domino" of the Church of England Liturgy, Evening Service, Psalm xcviii., occur the words with trumpets also and shawms." I have more than once tried to buy a shawm" at the leading musical instrument shops in London, but they appeared to be in ignorance of such an instrument. The following paragraph is the explanation of Dr Bridge, the organist of Westminster Abbey. It may interest some of your musical readers. I may add that I have heard the bassoon in a place of worship, but I hope for the last time.- Yours truly, Tan y Bryn, ELLIS LEVER. January 31st. [EXTRACT.] DR. BRIDGE ON WOOD-WIND MUSICAL INSTRU- MENTS.— In his Talk about Orchestra, at the London Institution, on Thursday, Dr Bridge, referring to wood-wind instruments, said that the flute and its infant child the piccolo came first as the simplest and most universal example of wood instrument. It was noted that the modern flute has a great deal more mechanism about it than its predecessors. Originally the holes were bored, not so much according to the musical scale as to fit the human fingers, or at any rate, to strike a happy medium between the two. Modern mechanism adjusted the claims of the scale and convenience of the fingers to a nicety. Its chief quality was flexibility. Of the oboe and the hautboy much that was interesting came forth. A very ancient creature this, the first of the reed instruments, known in its earlier forms as the schaum or the shawm. Its vocal powers are entirely dependent on the small double tongue of cane known as the reed. A great favourite of Handel, it is essentially melodic in its effects, and therefore not used for filling up. It has one great prerogative of which all oboe players are proud, -it gives the key-note to the orchestra. The oboe is mostly used for pathetic effects (vide the passage, What have I to do with thee ? in the Elijah; also in pastoral and even humorous passages. The clarionet, the lecturer said, was similar to the oboe, but with a single reed, and a short solo that he caused to be performed showed that its tone is purer and sweeter. It was an immense favourite with Mozart, who used it in all his symphonies except one, which was thereupon appropriately called the clarionet symphony. The bassoon was shown to be an instrument with a history. It stands to the "wood-wind" as the 'cello stands to the fiddles. If, said the professor, you want to talk back to the horns or make a musical joke, try the bassoon. It is also un- equalled at suggesting the horrible. Could any one remember, said the lecturer, when it was used in the church orchestras ? COLWYN BAY RATES. DEAR SIR,-I am glad to note that my effort to place before the public, the correct standpoint from which to view the rate-paying and the rate- collecting problem, has not been altogether fruitless,—one worthy townsman, Mr William Davies (Glyndwr) has taken the matter up, and by reading between the lines I think that we may conclude that light is beginning to dawn even into his mind, and I feel sure that long before another rate has to be forcibly collected, he will have paid his share, and that his name in future will be found amongst those who are a benefit (and not a burden) to their fellow ratepayers. I should have been content to let the little leaven work on in silence, had he not in his lengthy letter made a few errors which need to be corrected. The first mistake he makes, is to say that we are acting different to other places. This is not true, for other seaside resorts in our neighbourhood have for many years been in the habit of summoning defaulting ratepayers in October and November, for arrears of rates. The next mistake, is to say that we have sum- moned "hundreds of ratepayers." He will be surprised to learn that we have not issued sixty summonses for the current year's rates, and that this number is LESS than the average number per year since the Board has been in existence, so that instead of charging us with being exception- ally tyrannical this year, Mr Davies ought to be amazed at our moderation. The next mistake Mr Davies .makes is a personal charge of favouritism against myself, that my tenants have not paid their rates, and have not been summoned." Well, I never was inquisitive enough to ask whether my tenants had paid their rates or not, but, since Mr Davies's letter appeared, I have inquired, and I find that the tenant who owed rates and was not summoned had a contra account against the Board, and had agreed that the rates should be deducted out of the money due to him, which was done before the summonses were served. It is a mistake to think that the Finance Committee have ordered any individual to be summoned our resolution was that all defaulters were to be proceeded against, and I am quite certain that not one member of the Board knew who the defaulters were. A list was prepared of those in arrears, but it was never read out to the Committee, for we have always declined to treat the matter other than that of a question of policy. We are trying to reduce the burden of the Rates, that is our only object, and it is quite certain that it cannot be done if the Rate, when made, is not collected promptly from everyone. We are now paying a Local Board Rate (including Water) of 4s 6d in the pound, and there is not a ratepayer but acknowledges that, if we are to compete successfully with the watering-places around us, many thousands of pounds will have to be spent in various much-needed improvements, but we would all like to have the present load lightened, before bending our backs to future burdens. I fear that I have trespassed too much upon your space to give the true story of the misfortune which befell a respected deacon of the Congrega- tional Chapel, and must reserve any remarks upon I Mr Blud's letter until your next issue. G. BEVAN. RELIGIOUS DISABILITIES UNDER THE WELSH INTERMEDIATE EDUCATION ACT. SIR,-Stibscribe Subscribe is the cry that has been raised with regard to the new School, that is to be established, at some future time, for the Conway-with-Llandudno District. But let me ask those who wax so eloquently over this matter, how can they expect one section of the commnnity to subscribe when the Scheme imposes upon them severe religious restrictions ? Those who are loud in their cries for freedom of conscience, have violated it, in the most flagrant manner, in their Scheme of Intermediate Education for the County of Carnarvon. Because of the religious differences amongst themselves, they have to resort to the undenomin- ational farce and not only this, they will not allow others to teach what they believe in,—not even to day pupils in a hostel. No religious catechism or religious formulary which is distinctive of any particular denomination shall be taught to a day scholar at the School." —Sec. 84. In a hostel of a County School Christian family worship of an undenominational character includ- ing the reading of a portion of Scripture and prayer shall be read daily in such a manner as may from time to time by the Local Governing Body,"—Sec. 86. Until this clause is removed, it is useless to ask those to subscribe, who feel that they are under religious disabilities. Popular control has a charm, but when it interferes with the liberties and consciences of others, it is nothing but despotism. Bottwnog Grammar School (which was endowed by Bishop Rowland of Bangor, 1598-1616) as well as the Friars (founded, by Dr Geffere Glynn, 1557), has been wrenched out of the hands of their respective Governing Bodies, and placed under the control of other Governing Bodies under the new Scheme; but how many of these new Governors have subscribed towards these two Schools ? It is not to be wondered at that the new Governing Body of the Bangor County School, relish the taste of the £ 11,500 which t he buildings and site of the Friars' will probably realise when sold. The treatment which the old Grammar Schools have received, cannot easily be forgotten. It is rather too much that the supporters of these ancient foundations, when stripped and turned out naked, should be asked to contribute again towards those Schools in which their children would not be allowed to be taught their own religious principles. It is too tantalising to be always acting as lion-providers. Let everyone procure a copy of the Scheme, and read it over carefully before he promises a subscription, and let me remind the others who are so very persuasive, that the old clumsy method of smothering the bees when the hive is full of honey, is not a judicious policy. OBSERVER.
OouKAyoisus, intelligent, persistent advertising means the largest possible success in any particular line." I
A Well Selected Stock of Albums, Blotters, Brass Goods, Inkstands, Purses, Card Cases, Hymn Books, Prayer Books, Church Services, Annuals, Diaries, Almanacks, &c. T% R.E. Jones & Bros., CENTRAL LIBRARY, 8, Station Road, Colwyn Bay, AND 'n Rose Hill Street, Conway.
learning) over any other nation, as it had done in the time of St David. He had every respect for the English and other nations, but he would venture to say that the Welsh was by far their superior in educational matters. (Hear, hear). Mr John Jones was pleased to come to Conway to support this Scheme, and, from the fact that they had the Mayor and the Vicar there to countenance it, they, as the ratepayers of Conway, ought to do their best to assist them in securing this great boon. Twenty years ago, the cry of Wales was for this, and now they had had it; and it had brought the means of stepping into the Colleges and the University of Wales (which, until now, were closed to the majority) brought to their very doors. As to the erection of the School, and the keep of 80 children—50 boys and 30 girls,—it would only cost about £ 1500. If they were to succeed, and he was sure that they would, they would have to work very hard individually and materially. It was a Scheme for all, and not for any special sect, politics, or nation. Mr Jones then dealt with the financial details of the Scheme, and said that, for a boy under 13, qualified to enter the School, it would cost X3; for a boy over 13, .£8, or some sum between. He also spoke of the bursaries the Local Governing Board had power to make for the existence of the boys. As to the notion that too much education spoiled a man for work, that was all nonesense. The more education a man had, the better he could understand his work. He appealed to all present, not to expect the rich to do this work for them, but to do all in their power themselves towards the carrying out of the Schemo. The Chairman then put the resolution to the meeting, and it was carried unanimously Mr Morris Jones then proposed the second resolu- tion, That this meeting, with a view of carrying out the Scheme, pledges itself to do its utmost to obtain the necessary subscriptions to purchase or leaso land, and to build a School in a central position in the District," and said that he would only make a few remarks about the "Home Rule" part of the Schemo. The great principle of the Scheme was to help those who help themselves, and to assist those that wanted to be educated. These meetings were held in various parts of the District, to show them that it was their work, and not the local Governing Body's, to erect the School, and it was their own interest also. The Governing Body would do their part towards it. Muny present had had a hard struggle to get what little education they had had, and now the question was, would they let this opportunity of giving their children what they failed to get, pass. It was the workingmen of the District that were to do thi". They did not want them to promise pounds, but what they could afford to give; it was their duty to.their children to do so. It was the workingmen's money that erected and kept the Colleges of Wales going It was also the case with Dr. Williams's School at Dolgelly. Councillor C. J, Wallace seconded the resolution, in a very able speech, in the course of which he said that he wished that Technical Education would be intro- duced into the Schools under this Act. He thought that once the Schools were established, they could press for that to be included in the course of instruction obtained at the Schools. Alderman Edward Jones supported the resolution, and said that this was a matter for Wales, not for Welshmen in Wales, but for Wales with all that was in it. And they had a right to go to English, Scotch, and Irish, as well as to Welshmen, and to say, This is as much to your interest as it is to ours, so that you are expected to do your share towards its accomplishment." Ho wished t" tell those Englishmen who thought that everything in Wales had a touch of nationality in it, that here was a matter that had not an atom of nationality near it. As regarded the Scheme for that District, it was a fact that the Couway-cnm-Llandudno District would pay one-fourth of the County Rate towards this Scheme, and the question was, whether they, who had to pay so much, would give that money to Bangor, and be without a School in their own District, and so cripple their young men in the struggle for education. This resolution, also, was carried unanimously. Mr Thomas Hughes, proposing the third resolution, That a Committee of twelve be elected (with power to add thereto) to carry out further, the resolutions passed at this meeting," said that this Committee was required to assist the Local Governing Body to carry out the Scheme in the matter of details. The speaker went on to address the meeting on the benefits that would accrue from the adoption and establishment of the School, and concluded with an earnest appeal that all would their best to help in the carrying out of it. Mr Thomas Jones. Berthllwyd, seconded the resolution, and earnestly appealed to the meeting to do their best in the matter. He said that a great many of Wales's young men, went to the great cities, but failed to raise themselves to that position which their energy (if backed by proper education) would entitle them to. He also spoke as to the fact of foreigners having had Intermediate Education, coming to this country, and taking from the native-born young men the best situations in every business. The resolution was carried unanimously. The Vicar, after having briefly spoken on the question, and pressing on all to do their best, proposed a vote of thanks to the Mayor for presiding, and to the speakers for coming there. This, seconded by Councillor Dr. Morgan, was carried unanimously. A vote ot thanks to the School Managers for kindly- giving the use of the room, was proposed by Councillor J. P. Griffiths, and was carried. THE ROYAL VISIT TO WALES: LORD PENRIIYN'S VISIT TO CONWAY. Yesterday (Thursday) morning, February 22nd, Lord Penrhya, on arrival at Conway railway station, was met by the Mayor of Conway (Councillor Dr R. Arthur-Prichard, J.P., C.C.). Accompanying Lord Penrhyn on his visit to Conway, were the Hon. Misses Douglas-Pennant, the Hon. Mrs Murray Gladstone, and the Hon. Miss Wynn, who spent a pleasant half-hour inspecting Conway Castle, while Lord Penrhyn and the Mayor were engaged at the Guild Hall, at a joint conference, relative to inviting T. R. H. the Prince and Princess of Wales to visit Conway), between the Conway Corporation, and deputations representing the Royal Cambrian Academy of Art, and the Cowlyd Water-Supply Board. The members of the Town Council present to meet Lord Penrhyn, were as follows:- The Mayor, Alderman Hugh Hughes, and Councillors John Roberts, John Hughes, John Williams, Edward Roberts, J. P. Griffiths, Dr M. J. Morgan, and J. W. Tosdevine. The R.C.A.'s representatives were:—Mr H. Clarence Whaite, R.W.S., P.R. C.A.; Mr J. Pain Davis, Hon. Sec.; Mr G. Swinrord Wood, Hon. Treasurer and Messrs A. F. Perin, C- Cockram, and J. C. Salmon. The Cowlyd Board "'as represented by the Mayor, Alderman Hugh Hughes, and Councillor John Hughes. In addition to those above-named, there were also present the ex-Mayor (County- Alderman Edward Jones), and Messrs James Porter (Magistrates' C.erk), Robert Davies (Sec- retary ot the Workingmen's Conservative Club), Thomas Hughes (Gweryl Lodge), J. W. Post, and several other Burgesses. The Mayor, who presided, opened the proceed- ings by saying that three distinct bodies-the Conway Corporation, the Royal Cambrian Acad- emy, the Cowlyd Water-Supply Board,—had arranged to jointly confer with Lord Penrhyn relative to the proposed invitations, from each of the bodies named, that the Prince and Princess of Wales should visit Conway. When they heard that Their Royal Highnesses were coming, they wished to invite them to visit: Conway and to turn on the Cowlyd water, which is to supply Conway and Colwyn Bay. In the special Town Council meeting which had been held, the invita- tion had been proposed by the two senior Alder- men, and they all hoped that the Prince and Princess would see their way clear to accept the invitation. Lord Penrhyn said that he had no doubt that the Prince would be gratified to know of the loyalty and good feeling manifested. He would do his best to bring the matter before His Royal Highness. The only possible time for the visit, would be on the Friday, July 13th, on the home- ward journey from Penrhyn Castle. The best course would be to communicate with Sir Francis Knollys. Mr H. Clarence Whaite, P.R.C.A., said that the Academy wished the Prince and Princess of Wales to visit Plas Mawr, where the Academy's Exhibition was in progress for three reasons First for the encouragement of Art in the Princi- pality secondly, because the Academy was a most loyal body, and had rejoiced in opportunities for displaying their loyalty; and, lastly, because the Academy wished Their Royal Highnesses to be the first representatives of the Reigning House to visit Plas Mawr, the Elizabethan mansion which, three centuries ago, Robert Wynne had built for the reception, in Wales, of Queen Elizabeth, who, however, is said to have pro- ceeded towards Wales no farther than Nuneaton, owing to the prevalence of an epidemic at Chester. Mr J. Pain Davis said that he wished to add a further reason, that Their Royal Highnesses were the only patrons of the Academy. After some further discussion, it was arranged that three separate memorials should be simul- taneously sent to Sir Francis Knollys, the Mayor adding that the place where the water would be turned on would be Lancaster Square, Conway, close to the Conway railway station, and it was hoped that afterwards the Prince and Princess would visit Plas Mawr, and proceed thence, through the town, to Conway Castle. Lord Penrhyn, responding to hearty expres- sions of thanks tendered by the Mayor and by the P.R.C.A., said that he had had great pleasure in coming to Conway instead of bringing them over to Bangor, at the cost, to them, of a great deal of time and trouble. [Applause]. He had also great pleasure in renewing pleasant memories of former visits to Conway. [Renewed applause]. Subsequent to the conference, which then ended, Lord Penrhyn, after re-joining the ladies, was ciceroned over Plas Mawr by the President, Hon. Secretary, and Hon. Treasurer of the Royal Cambrian Academy. Lord Penrhyn and party afterwards went to the Castle Hotel, to inspect tho far-famed Shakespearean frescoes by the late J. D. Watson, R.W.S., R.C.A. Shortly afterwards, they drove away in a waggonette.
THE COLWYN BAY RATES QUESTION.— ADDING INSULT TO INJURY. SIR,—Your last issue contains a report of the Local Board meeting for February 13th, and that report contains a statement of a false character reflecting on myself and Mr William Davies (Glyndwr). The words I refer to are these:— With reference to Mr Blud's rates it was resolved that the Collector take further steps against Mr Blud to recover all monies due from him to the Board. With reference to case 16, William Davies, it was resolved that no further action be taken, on account of his assessment having been reduced." Now, Sir, your readers reading this statement will of course infer from it that I have not paid my rates. Hence the necessity of this letter to show such is not the case. It will be remembered that in November last Mr Davies and myself challenged the conduct of the Board, with reference to its proceedings for the recovery of rates. The result was that we were summoned. We then examined the Rate- books, much to the annoyance of that great patriot, Mr Bevan. We found that members of the Local Board had not paid their rates, yet were not summoned and then we felt bound to denounce, in public meeting, in the Magistrates' Court, and in the Press, the unjust proceedings of the Board. We found, too, that the proceedings against us, were unauthorised, the minutes of the Finance Committee not having been confirmed by the Board. Mr Davies's case was adjourned for a month I was ordered to pay in a month, which I accordingly did, but I refused (and I still refuse) to pay the costs, amounting to 8s. This Rate was therefore paid by me the end of December last. The 10th of this month, I paid the Water Rate, and thus cleared off all liabilities and all monies due by me to the Board, barring the 8s costs. Mr Davies's case was settled the 6th of January, so the Board cannot proceed any further with him. Yet the Board—willing to wound, but afraid to strike,—thought it necessary at their last meeting, on the T3th, to select, out of (apparently) a batch of cases, the names of Mr Davies and myself, in order to parade us before the public as defaulters, by causing a false statement to get into the Press concerning us.—I remain, yours, J. BLUD. GRIEVANCES AT OLD COLWYN. Old Colwyn, 20th February, 1894. SIR,-I beg to hand you herewith copy of a letter I wrote to the Local Board, and as it affects the neighbourhood I trust you will publish it, the Board, in mending their ways, go from bad to worse. Yours truly, J. H. Old Colwyn, 20th February, 1894. To the Local Board, Colwyn Bay. Gentlemen,—I have the following complaints to submit to your consideration :— The road in Queen's Road is being raised but the work is proceeding in such a dilatory way, that Midsummer will hardly see it finished, one half the road is being raised, the other half I presume was left for traffic, but the ballast has been taken off it, it is no better than a ploughed field, and the vehicular traffic has been driven on the footpath, where deep ruts have been made, dangerous to life and limb. Station Road,—this thoroughfare, for I cannot call it a legal road, such ought to have accom- modation for man and beast, but there is no foot- walk here, consequently one would have no claim for damages against the owner of a vehicle in the event of an accident; the state of the road after rain is a disgrace to civilization. This week, the water has been turned off in the daytime. Should you not have given notice to the inhabitants that you were going to do this, that they might have provided for their wants during the day ? I hereby give you notice that, in the event of any accident to self or family, I shall hold you responsible, and this notice will, no 'doubt,| be availed of by my neighbours should they un- fortunately fall into your traps. Trusting you will give prompt attention to my grievances,—I remain, yours truly, J. H.