CONWAY. Parish Church (Sunday Services): 8.0 a m. Celebration of the Holy Communion. 9.45 a.m. Welsh service. 11.0 a.m. English service. 6.0 p.m Welsh service. St. Agnes 6.0 p.m. English service. Wesleyan Methodist Chapel. -(English Services).— Next Sunday Morning 11.0, evening 6.0, Mr A. Fletcher Robb, Conway. THE SENSATIONAL INCIDENT OF A COACH-DRIVE -On Tuesday afternoon, about half-past five, as the four horses drawing Mr C. A. Hartley's coach Old Times" were toiling up the steep hill be- yond Tywyn, on their homeward journey from Bettws-y-coed to Llandudno, the left-hand leader dropped down—dead. The coach proceeded to Llandudno, drawn by the three remaining horses. —Very sensational rumours got afloat, but on in- quiry the facts were found to be as stated above. It is supposed that the defunct horse died from unsuspected heart-disease. SERVICES AT THE CONWAY UNION WORKHOUSE. —On Thursday evening, May 12th, at a prayer- meeting held in the Conway Union Workhouse dining-hall, there were present, as deputations from Conway Welsh congregations, Mr William Roberts, Congregationalist; and Mr Joseph Jones, Wesleyan. Tne children repeated, in turn a verse each, the last chapter of the Holy Gospel accord- ing to St Luke.—On Sunday morning, May 15th, to a prayer-meeting held in the dining-hall, Conway Welsh congregations sent, as deputations to represent them, Mr E. P. Hughes, Wesleyan Mr Pierce Williams, Calvinistic Methodist and Mr Hugh Hughes, Congregationalist. -At half- past ten on Sunday morning, Mr Moulsdale, the Conway Station-master, conducted an English service held in the wards. DENTAL NOTICE.—Mr. Richard Pedler, Dental Surgeon, of Waterloo House, Llandudno, attends at Mrs. Marks's, Rhos Mill House, Conway, every Friday afternoon. Hours of attendance, 2 till 5. 170- WELSH HARBOR ACCOMMODATION AND FISH CULTURE.—THE BOROUGH MEMBER'S VIEWS.—In the course of Tuesday evening's debate in the House of Commons, Mr Lloyd George, M.P., dwelt upon the deficiency, on the Welsh coast, of harbors-of-refuge for fishing vessels, and specially insisted that an increase in the number of such harbors would necessarily lead to a great develop- ment and extension of the fishing industry. The Government had recognised both in Scotland and Ireland the duty of providing harbors-of- refuge as a means of assisting this industry but nothing had been done in this direction for Wales nor was it merely in this way that assistance was required at present. The Welsh fishermen had not boats of the kind requisite for fishing thirty miles or more from shore, nor had they the means of procuring them. In the United States and other countries, much was done to improve the fisheries by laying down eggs on the banks, and thus promoting the increase of fish but fish culture on British shores had hitherto been neglected, greatly to the detriment of the fisheries. In order to make good deficiencies on this score, it was absolutely necessary to confer increased powers upon the Sea Fishery Boards. RAILWAY MISSION ITEMS.—Mr John Wynne, who, after his recent superannuation as Station- master of Birmingham (New Street), lately came to reside at Glyn Marl, Llandudno Junction, has already shown great interest in the local Branch of the Railway Mission. It may perhaps be of interest to state that Mr Wynne, who was Stationmaster at Llandudno Junction from 1869 to 1871, took part in the first Railway Mission meet- ing held in the Llandudno Junction Welsh Con- gregational Chapel, most kindly lent for Railway Mission purposes (on Friday evenings during the summer) by the Committee of Sion Welsh Con- gregational Chapel, Conway. On Sunday even- ing, May 8th, there was read in Sion Chapel a letter of thanks addressed to the Committee, en behalf of the Railway Mission Band of Workers (consisting of seven young ladies), by Miss Dawson, Llandudno, who dated from Buxton, whither she had been invalided. THE CARNARVONSHIRE GOLF CLUB. The Carnarvonshire Golf Club held their first Spring Meeting on their prettily-situated Conway Morfa links during the first week of May. Mr E. A. Young organised the meeting, and officiated as Captain in Mr Sydney Platt's absence. The usual monthly medal was competed for on Tues- day, May 3rd, in terribly wet and blustery weather, the result being as follows C. A. Hartley (winner) 105 22- 83 P. P. Woodhead 94 10- 84 G. H. Healy 113 2¿- Hi E. A. Young 100 8- 92 Harold Smith Ito 7—103 John Powers 113 10-103 Albert Wood and A. L. Woodhead retired. On the following day the Bogie Man Chal- lenge Cup, presented by Mr Young, was competed for. The wind blew very strongly from the east, giving the Bogie Man such an advantage that he beat all his competitors. Mr C. A. Hartley, although his handicap was reduced four points, came in a winner with two holes down, the full result being as follows Strokes. Holes. C. A. Hartley (winner) 18 2 down E. A. Young. 8 3 F. E. Woodhead 7 4 Harold Smith 7 5 W. Hillman 10 6 Capt Lempriere 25 7 A. L. Woodhead 11 7 Colonel Marshall 20 9 Dr F. Smith 10 10 J. E. Fincham 30 10 John Powers 10 11 A. Wood 20 12 G. H. Healy, Rev Mr Jenkins, and 0. b. Pilkington retired. On the Thursday the weather was all that could be desired, and some very exiting foursome matches were played off. The handicapping proved to be as correct as it is possible to make it, all the matches being decided on the very last put, except in one case. In fact, the match be- tween the brothers Woodhead and Messrs Young and Hartley finished up all even, and had to be decided by playing an extra hole which fell to the former couple, who also proved the winners in the final. First round.—E. A. Young and C. A. Hartley, H. Smith and G. H. Healy A. Wood and J. E. Fincham byes. F.' E. vVoodhead and A. L. Woodhead beat Dr Smith and W. Hillman by one hole. Second rouiid.-F. E. Woodhead and A. L. Woodhead beat E. A. Young and C. A. Hartley, by one hole H. Smith and G. H. Healy beat Albert Wood and J. E. Fincham, by two holes. Final round.F. E. Woodhead and A. L. Wood- head beat H. Smith and G. H. Healy by one hole. On the Friday a very pleasant team match was played against eleven members of the Chester Golf Club, who reached Conway about half-past eleven, and were driven to the Clubhouse at once. The subjoined scores show that the young Welsh Club could more than hold its own, winning by fifteen holes. F. E. Woodhead and E. A. Young in particular played very fine games for the home side, and were well supported by the whole team. The two teams and their respective scores were as follows:— -s- CARNARVONSHIRE. CHESTER. Holes. Harold Smith. 0 F. E. Woodhead 8 E. A. Young 4 W. Hillman 1 Dr F. Smith 0 J. Osmond Williams. 0 A. L. Woodhead 2 C. A. Hartley 0 Albert Wood 0 Colonel Marshall 2 G. H. Healy 7 27 Holes G. H. Reynolds 1 H. Mayhew 0 H. F. Birley 0 H. G. Stock 0 G. W. Hayes 3 E. Massie 1 W. Hayes 0 Captain Young 3 Captain Drummond 1 Wilkinson 0 J. H. Massie 0 9
THE Editor of the Medical Annual speaks in the highest terms of CADBURY'S COCOA as a beverage and a food for invalids on account of its absolute purity, high quality, and great solubility and counsels the Medical Profession to remember, in recommending Cocoa, that the name CADBUICY on any packet is a guarantee of purity.
Vale of Conway C.M. Annual Examination. The results of the recent annual examination- in previously-announced Scriptural subjects,—of the Sunday Schools of the Welsh Calvinistic Methodist ongregations in the Vale of Conway Monthly Meeting include the following names from the Conway and Colwyn Bay neighborhoods EXAMINER lFv D. HOSKINS, M.A., FFESTINIOG. Subject: Genesis xxvi.—1. CLASS HI.—Children from 12 to 16 years of age. Maximum, 135. 3 Lily Evans, Bay view villa, Colwyn Bay (equal) 114 4 William Henry Willimis, Oakfield house, Col- wyn B vy (equal) 110 5 R. W. Evans, The Grove, do., (equal) 106 8 Owen Williams, Masarnen house, do., (equal) 100 9 Annie Evans, Bay view villa, do., 95 11 Annie Roberts, Felin, Colwyn 93 12 Cissie Roberts, Hafod elwy, Colwyn Bay(eqaal) 92 K M. H. Jones, Clwyd villa, do G.» Tiios. W. Hatchings, Quarry cottage, do 20 Edward H. Roberts, Hafod elwy, do, (equal). 80 Maggie Twiss, Daganwy, Tywyn _g Arthur M. Evans, The Grove, Colwyn Bay or Mary H. Davies, Rose cottage, do M. Jones, Plas isa, do I E. W. Hutchings, Quarry cottage, do I 72 Morris W. Lloyd, Morvan, do 27 John David Breeze, Oak cottage Tywyn (equal) 71 31 E, J. Evans, Plas isa, Colwyn Bay (equal) 65 34 David Jones, Ty isaf, Colwyn 61 41 Ada Burwell, Abbey Grove, Colwyn Bay 53 47 John Davies, Brig y don, Tywyn 47 48 Edith Twiss, Deganwy, Tywyn (equal) 46 ,Q Maggie Jones, Ty isa, Colwyn Jane Ann Hughes, Bryn Arfon, Tywyn No. of Certificates won 105 No. Failed 27 Total Examined 132 CLASS IV. — Children under 12 years. Maximum, 135. Subject: The History of Jesus Christ. 1 Owen A. Evans, The Grove, Colwyn Bay 122 2 William O. Hughes, Hawthorn, do 118 4 Joseph Rees Evans, Bay view villa, do (equal) 111 5 D. Francis Davies, Preswylfa, do 106 6 Enid Lloyd, Morfan, do 103 7 John Morris, Manchester house, Conway 100 f Gwilym H. Evans, The Grove, Colwyn Bay .| 81 W. G. Davies, Llwynau, do r97 ^Sarah E. Jones, Harland house, do 9 Lillie Owen Roberts, Fern bank, do. 95 10 John A. Owen, Moranedd, do 94 12 Dinah Elizabeth Hoskins, Bodunig, do 91 13 Dorothy M. Toppin, Erskine house, do (equal) 90 16 John J. Jones, Plas isa, do 84 18 John F. Roberts, Hafod Elwy, do (equal) 80 20 K G. Lloyd, Morfan, do (equal) 77 26 Elizabeth Roberts, Railway terrace, Pensarn 69 32 John Jones, Ty isa, Colwyn (equal) 60 Arthur LI. Evans, Paris house, Conway « M. A. Roberts, Fern bank, Colwyn Bay 36 J. Tudwal Dorkins, High st., Conway (equal) 55 40 Edward LI. Roberts, Ty allt, Colwyn (equal). 45 No. of Certificates won •• 67 No. Failed 22 Total Examined 89
Testimonial to Mr Wynne, LATE STATION-MASTER, NEW STREET STA- TION, BIRMINGHAM. The subjoined appears-under the above head- ing—in the May issue of the Railway Signal Monday, April I I, 1892, will be long remembered by the contributors to the above. A meeting was held in the Temperance Hall, New Street Station, to present Mr Wynne, our late Station-master and founder of our branch, on his retirement from the service, with a tea and coffee service with salver, also a splendid timepiece. Mr Stoker, Assistant Superintendent, was chairman. There were also present Messrs J. Squires, our new Station-master; W. Betts, Police Department; Mr Kennedy, Assistant Station-master Miller (pay clerk), W. Pearson (Midland agent), W. Webber (president of the New Street Station Bible-class), Mrs Webber, and Mr W. F. Wathen.—Mr Stoker, in making the presentation, referred to Mr Wynne as the best Station-master he ever knew for, while he tried to serve the Company, at the same time he kept in view the welfare of the staff under him. During the seven years he had been at Birmingham he had won respect and esteem from all grades, from the Superintendent downward, and also from the public. He hoped that our loss would be his gain in health to himself and Mrs Wynne.- Mr Squires spoke in high praise of Mr Wynne as a fellow-oiffcer.—-Mr S. Barroclough (inspector) hoped he would live long and die happy. -Mr Blackwell and Mr Horton spoke of the good Mr Wynne had done in connection with the Railway Mission. At the same time and place, Mr Webber, as president of our Bible-class, on behalf of the members, presented Mr Wynne with a large Bagster's Bible, as a small token of the esteem they had for him. But words will not express our sorrow in losing such a tower of strength to the Railway Mission. Not only at New Street Station, but everywhere his name is a household word with all Railway-men. Go where you will, the name and character of Mr Wynne, of Birming- ham, is known and respected.—Mr Wynne said this present affected him very much, for more reasons than ,one-it was unexpected, and it was just what he wanted. In his accepting of the presents he gave a short account of his connection with us as a Station- master. He said he always tried to do his duty to the Company at the same time he had not been unmindful of those under him. God bless him and his dear wife; may they long live to enjoy their well-won repose is our prayer. F.H.
Sparks." BY BEN SMITH. MR EDITOR,— Not many weeks ago a lengthy report ap- peared in your columns of the Llandrillo and Eirias School Board April meeting, in which a warm and interesting discussion took place con- cerning a certain young lady that undertook the duties of ASSISTANT SCHOOL-MISTRESS, without the Board's sanction. The case then seemed rather difficult to solve, and the public are not aware of any light being thrown to overcome the darkness that then prevailed as to how this person was actually presented to the Education Department as one capable of fulfilling the duties of Assistant. Mr Roberts, Fern Bank, I think, hinted that some of the members of the Board may have had something to do in the matter, but the Chairman, waxing warm, denied that in toto. However, at the meeting held last week, in Mr Roberts's absence, this very person was elected to the post, without giving a chance for any other to apply for the vacancy. I do not doubt her educational and teaching abilities at all, Mr Edi- tor, though it seems that she has been elected an Assistant without serving her time as pupil- teacher she may be far beyond many that have been trained to the duties, for all I know, but I think the ratepayers in general do not approve of the Board's inconsistency in appointing a non- trained person who had been actually set to the duties by some unknown person or persons," while the Board itself was insultingly ignored! However, this being now over, and the young lady at last honorably installed, I hope that by her faithful services she will prove that the art of teaching is a characteristic that can be developed without" serving a formal number of years. THE INSPECTOR'S REPORT is, on the whole, very gratifying, I understand I hope it will be soon published, as the result of H.M. Inspector of Schools' examination is always read, by parents especially, with deep interest. THE LOCAL BOARD PROCEEDINGS of last week have created a sensation throughout the District, and the general feeling expressed towards the Board is not of the "best quality." It is wonderful, Mr Editor, how public Boards are criticised in all their actions these years the public seem to have their eyes wide open to all the motions and votes of their representatives, and they have a right to do it. However, the Colwyn Bay and Colwyn Local Board has met with general disapproval for their discourtesy towards THE RATE-COLLECTOR. You very well know, Mr Editor, that I am not the defendant's counsellor, but, nevertheless, I think I have a right to disclose some facts-relating to this office,—that ought to be rightly considered by the ratepayers' representatives on the Board. The case, first of all, has been brought before the Board by an opposition-in-trade, which fact ought to be fairly considered. Then, so far as I am aware, it has been brought without the usual notice of motion," as such particular cases de- serve the members' long and careful considera- tion. The actual case brought against the Col- lector was. THAT HE WAS A TRADESMAN This is absurd to the utmost Naturally, the salary" question came to the fore, and, of course, the Rate-Collector's commission was too much Oh, yes, it was (?); and many a one would devote his whole time to the Board for "^80 or so,"—I should think he would (?). But, let us be in earnest. What has the Rate-Collector's salary been for the last five years ? The exact average is not £ 1 is io £ d per week! He under- took the duties at a commission of 21 per cent per annum in 1887, and his salary (after deducting his guarantee payment) for the first year was 8s 6d per week It naturally increased forthwith and then, in 1891, his commission was reduced to I 2 per cent and I do not think that—Colwyn Bay excepted,—any respectable Board in North Wales pays LESS THAN TWO AND A HALF PER CENT for collecting rates. I must admit that the Finance Committee's object is economy, and if they can secure a Rate-Collector at £80 or so a year," instead of paying the present Collector the average of -4 52 9s 51d, that means economy It has also 2 been hinted that the Board's future Collector will have to devote his whole time to the Board's ser- vice, and I suppose this again comes from the Finance Committee. Well, let us imagine this newly-elected Collector to be an assistant archi- tect, an accountant, or a joiner, or even a res- pectable scavenger and, further, imagine that ONE OF THE FINANCE COMMITTEE should—like—(hush on the quiet, of course)—to have a plan drawn, or a beautifully-colored picture of an ideal building, or have his accounts made up, or any thing in the joinery or scavenging line, the person elected is not to receive extra payment. I hope all the members of the Board, and the general public, will understand this devoted clause. Now, to bring this subject to a close, I think, that in the absence of any case of negli- gence being brought against the present Rate- Collector, as he is also a well-to-do business-man, and as the proposed £ 80 or so" is more than £$2 9s 5!d, it is unfair to ask his resignation, it 2 is safe to keep him in office, and it is UN-economical to pay another person an advanced salary. BEN SMITH.
The Sea-Route to Liverpool and Bangor. The residents and visitors of Colwyn Bay, Colwyn, Conway, and neighborhood, should bear in mind that the daily sailings of the Liver- pool and North Wales Steamship Company's magnificent paddle-steamer "St Tudno," com- menced on Saturday, May 14th, and that during the Whitsuntide season the sister-vessel, the Bonnie Princess," will also daily ply between Liverpool, Llandudno, Beaumaris, and Bangor. By combining with the enjoyable sea-trip from Liverpool to Llandudno, the railway-journey to Colwyn Bay or Conway our readers wili find that they will not only travel cheaper, but also much more enjoyably, whilst the time spent on the journey is much about the same, the delightful Liverpool-Llandudno voyage in the "St Tudno" taking about two hours. We can cordially re- commend the Llandudno-Bangor sea-trip as a health-giving outing of an extremely enjoyable nature. That delightful writer, "A Son of the Soil," described in the Leeds Mercury of Saturday, Sept. 12th, 1891, the pleasant time he had on the Bonnie Princess" when last Autumn she left Llandudno for Bangor as the sun was fast nearing the western horizon. A few extracts from the descriptions given by A Son of the Soil," will doubtless please many of our readers and in- duce them to personally realise the scenic feast provided from the decks of the St Tudno" and the "Bonnie Princess" :-I I We cast off and sailed, or rather steamed away along the coast underneath the Head, bound for Beaumaris, past Puffin Island and the Anglesey coast. We admired the wonderful beauty of the eliffs [of the Great Ormeshead], capped by the green of the turf at their summit, and reflected in the emerald water at their feet. Above us, at the western extremity of the Head, stood the light- house and telegraph station, and higher still the tiny Church of St Tudno, who seems to have been a popular saint hereabouts. The view of these places and of the steep cliffs rising abruptly out of the water was charming in the extreme, and was further enhanced by the fact that the evening had turned out fine and the sun shone brightly from the far-Western horizon. Outside the shelter of the Head, soon the evening shadows began to close in. But in
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Notes From the Midland Metropolis. Under the above heading the following appeared in The Welsh Weekly dated May 6, 1892 :The departure from Birmingham of Mr John Wynne, the recent Station Master at New Street Station, is a loss felt in Welsh circles, as well as by all who came in contact with him in his official, social, and religious career in this city. Mr Wynne retired about a fortnight ago, from a busy life to a charm- ing little spot in North Wales. He is a native of Pentrefelin, near Llangollen. He went to Liver- pool when rather young, and began the battle of life in the establishment of Messrs R. Roberts & Co, tea merchants, of that city, but he did not continue long in the business. In 1854 he entered into the service of the London and North-Western Railway Company, at Crewe. Commencing in the ranks, he eventually worked himself up to be an Inspec- tor at Crewe station. In January, 1869, he was risen to be Station Master at Llanduduo Junction, and before long was again promoted Chief Traffic Inspector on the Chester and Holyhead Section. Having served the Company in that capacity with great satisfaction, Mr Wynne was promoted further to be the General Inspector of the whole system of the London and North-Western Railway Comnanv. And lastly, in 188", he was appointed Station Master at New Street Station at Birming- ham, which is one of, if not the largest stations in the world. He has been in the Company's service 38 years. Mr Wynne's health failed about Christmas last. The Company acted most gener- ously, and granted him superannuation though he was about twelve months short of the usual term Of years in the service which entitled him to pension. In social and religious matters Mr Wynne has always been most sincere and indefa- tigable. On commencing his duties at New Street Station, he obtained from the Company a grant of a room in the station, suitable to hold religious and temperance meetings, which have been of great benefit to the staff at the station. When leaving the town, friends and the staff at the station presented Mr Wynne with a handsome testimonial, consisting of electro-plated tea and coffee service and a drawing-room clock. The members of his Bible Class also gave him a valu- able edition of Bagster's Teacher's Bible. Mr Wynne was a member of "Undeb y Br),Ihoiziai(l, and a subscriber to various Welsh causes. In England he identified himself with the Presbyter- ians and Congregationalists, but on returning to his native country he has joined the Calvinistic Methodists, with whom he was brought up and intends to end his days with Yr Heiz Gorph.
Y Golofn Gymreig. CYFARFODYDD CYSTADLEUOL YN NGHAPEL Y B ED YD D W Y R, LLANELIAN. Cynhaiiwyd y cyfarfodydd hyn Mai 4ydd, a a buont yn llwyddianus iawn. V cvfarfod cyntaf yn dechreu am ddau or gloch yn y prydnawn, pryd yr oedd Mr H. M. Lloyd, yn llywyddu, a Gwilym Penllyn yn arwain. Wedi cael ton gynnulleidfaol ar y geiriau 0 Fryniau Caer- salem," cafwyd anerchiad campus gan y IIywydd; beirniadaeth Gwilym Penllyn ar y llawysgritau, goreu, Edward Davies, Colwyn cystadleuaeth unawd i rai dan 16eg oed, "Canu mae'r Cread," goreu, Annie Davies, Llanelian cystadleuaeth adrodd, "Wesul Tipyn," goreu, Sarah Hoyd Davies, Cefn Castell, Bettws, ail oreu, J. H. Roberts, Colwyn beirniadaeth Mri Williams a Roberts ar y Pren troi Rhaffau," a rhoddwyd y wobr i Mr Luther Roberts, Llanelian cAn, Galwad y Tywysog," Mr John Conway beirniadaeth Cyndelyn ar y tri phenill Y Dyn Haeiionus," goreu, Mr Robert Williams, Tanyfron, Llangernyw cystadleuaeth deuawd, Ar lan afonydd Babel," goreu, Mri Edwin ac Evan Jones, Llanelian; beirniadaeth ar y traethodau "Ismael," Mri David Roberts, Colwyn, a Robert Williams, Tanyfron, yn gyfartal; beirniadaeth Mrs Williams, Tanllan, ar y Rosettes, goreu, Mrs Anne Owens, Llanelian cystadleuaeth areithio difyfyr ar yr Awrlais," goreu, Mr W. LI. Evans, Colwyn Bay cystadleuaeth Corau y Plant, goreu, cor Llanelian, arweinydd Mr John Davies; beirniad- aeth y traethodau, Mair mam yr Iesu," goreu, Miss Kate Evans, Gwindy, Bettws i derfynu y cyfarfod cafwyd anerchiad barddonol gan Cyndelyn, yna mwynhawyd gwlecld o de rhagorol, pryd yr oedd y boneddigesau canlynol yn gwas- anaethu :—Mrs Hughes, Penllan Mrs a Miss Williams, Tanllan Mrs Lloyd, Bronhaulog Mrs Owens, Tai Newyddion, Llanelian Mrs a Miss Roberts, Bryn Person Mrs Hughes, Shop, Llanelian Mrs Evans, Llanelian a Mri Hughes, Shop, a Lewis Roberts, Bryn Person. Ar ol y te, yr oedd cystadleuaeth Y Rhaff Gerdded," ac mewn atebiad i annogaeth Gwilym Penllyn daeth llawer iawn ynghyd i wel'd y gystadleuaeth. Dechreuodd y cyfarfod hwyrol am 6 o'r gloch, pryd y llywyddwyd gan y Parch W. Hughes, F.R.G.S., Congo House, Colwyn Bay, ac arwein- iwyd gan y Parch T. Evans, (Cyndelyn). Yr oedd y rhaglen fel y canlyn :Can, "Gwlad y Delyn," Mr John Conway; anerchiad byr a chynwysfawr. gan y Llywydd beirniadaeth Mr Williams a Mr Roberts ar y rhaffau, pump yn cystadlu, goreu Mr Robert Jones, Tan Dderwen, Llanelian a rhanwyd yr ail wobr cydrhwng Mri John Wynne, Pant, Bettws, a Thomas Owens, Llanelian cystadleuaeth adrodd, Dyro'th fryd ar fod yn ddyn," pump yn ymgeisio, goreu, Robert Jones, Tyddyn Ucha', ail oreu, Edward Davies, Colwyn cystadleuaeth unawd baritone, "Morfa Rhuddlan," gwobrwywyd yr unig ymgeis- ydd, Evan Jones, Brynymaen beirniadaeth Mrs Hughes, Tynewydd ar yr hosanau, pump yn ymgeisio, goreu, Anne Jones, Nant Wnen, Llan- sanan, ail oreu, Anne Roberts, Bryn Person, Llanelian; beirniadaeth Cyndelyn ar yr englynion i Gloch y Llan," chwech wedi cystadlu, goreu, "Yr Hen Glochydd;" cystadleuaeth gorawl, Oddiar y Traeth," un cor ddaeth i ymgeisio, sef cor y Llan, dan arweiniad Mr Edwin Jones, a dyfarnwyd ef yn deilwng o'r wobr anerchiadau barddonol gan R. Jones, Llansantffraid, a Cyn- delyii cystadleuaeth darllen dernyn heb ei attalnodi, ymgeisiodd wyth, rhanwyd y wobr cydrhwng John Roberts, Colwyn, a Sarah Lloyd Davies, Cefn Castell cystadleuaeth triawd. Duw bydd Drugarog," ymgeisiodd tri pharti, a dyfarnwyd Mr Henry Hughes, Llysfaen, a'i barti, yn oreu beirniadaeth Cyndelyn ar y deugain llinell, Y tri llangc yn y ffwrn dan," pedwar yn ymgeisio, goreu, Mr David Roberts, Tai Newydd- ion, Colwyn; cystadleuaeth unawd tenor, "Merch y Cadben," un yn ymgeisio, set Mr John Conway, a dyfarnwyd ef yn deilwng o'r wobr; beirniadaeth Gwilym Penllyn ar y traethodau, Dyledswydd Crefyddwyr tuagat yr Ysgol Sul," pump yn ymgeisio, goreu, Mr Isaac Jones, Bryn Tirion, Llanelian cystadleuaeth co'-au meibion, "Awn i ben y Wyddfa fawr," yr oedd tri parti yn cystadlu a rhanwyd y wobr cydrhwng Merllyn Quarrymen a Parti o'r coed diweddwyd y rhaglen gyda'r Anthem Genedlaethol Gymreig, Hen Wlad fy Nhadau." Rhoddwyd te i bawb oedd yn ewyllysio wedi i'r cyfarfod derfynu, a daeth nifer lluosog i gyfranogi o'r wledd hwyrol yma, a therfynwyd un o'r cyfarfodydd mwyaf llwyddianus a gynhaliwyd yn Llanelian, ac fel arferol ar ysgwyddau yr ysgrifenydd yr oedd y Uwyddiant yn dybynu, a gweithiodd yn egniol iawn.
JIUPTURI CURED.—J. A. Sherman, Hernia special ist, 64, Chancery Lane, London, sends his bODk, post free, 7d. 165—52 Printed and Published by R E. Jones & Br>I > their Printing Works, 3, Rose Hill Street, and Published at the Central Library, Colv- V
THE LLANDRILLO AND EIRIAS SCHOOL BOARD. At the Llandrillo and Eirias School Board's monthly meeting, held on Monday, May 9th, the Chairman (Mr Moses Williams), presided, and there were also present Messrs Charles Frost, W. Earp, T. M. Williams, and R. Evans, and Mr E. Hughes (clerk), and Mr Matthews (attendance officer). The minutes having been duly read and con- firmed, the Board resolved that the Board's Bye- laws should be reprinted. The Colwyn Bay Board School's staff being in- sufficient, E. Morgan and Ida Fletcher were ap- oointed monitor and monitress. The sister of the Llwydcoed Master was appoin- ted assistant, at a salary of twenty pounds per annum. The Chairman remarked upon the Board's duty of encouraging the Board School pupils to be well- mannered. The Masters' salaries arrears question was con- sidered satisfactorily settled by the allowance of a bonus of ten per cent. The Board received the Government reports of the recent examinations of the Board's three Schools, and from these reports the subjoined are extracted COLWYN BAY SCHOOL. Mixed School.General results in the elemen- tarv subjects very good, and in the fifth, sixth and seventh standards a good proportion of Problems were successfully solved, a remark which I hope will apply to the third and fourth standards next year. English and Geography fairly merit the higher variable grant, in spite of the feebleness of the third standard in Geography. Considering that both teachers and taught have suffered so much from Influenza, the results are in all respects as good as could have been well expected, and for this reason in a measure the higher variable grants are recommended." Infants' Class. The infants, I regret to say, are backward on this occasion. The present con- dition of this department renders more necessary than ever the plan suggested in last year's report —the services of a thoroughly competent Infants' mistress, well qualified also to superintend the sewing generally. It is unfortunate, I think, that while the room in which they are now taught was being arranged for the infants, a door was not in- serted communicating directly with the passage leading into the Girls' playground, an arrange- ment which I hope the Board will soon adopt." Amount of annual grant £ 19° 2 6 Fee grant, 6 months. £ 47 10 o Deduct ist instalment 24 7 6 — 23 2 6 £ 2l3 5 0 COLWYN SCHOOL. Mixed Scizool. A good amount of work has been done in this School since last inspection, and such as would fairly have merited the higher va- riable grant but for the feebleness of the fourth standard in Arithmetic. Grammar fairly satis- factory. Geography and History good. Next year I hope I shall have the pleasure of report- ing favorably on the moral training and conduct of the boys." Infants Cliss. Infants very satisfactory, their condition resembling that of last year." Annual Grant 121 15 0 Fee Grant, 6 months 36 o o Deduct ist Instalment 18 2 6 17 17 6 -139 12 6 LLWYDCOED SCHOOL. This is a very satisfactory little School. Re- sults in elementary subjects good. Poetry very fairly well mastered. Grammar very fairly satis- factory. These expressions do not however ap- ply to the infants, whom I hope to find more ad- vanced next year and taught by the sewing mis- tress, the master's wife." Annual Grant, £51 o 6 Fee Grant 5 17 6 £ 56 18 o A COLWYN BAY BANKRUPTCY APPEAL. On Thursday, May 12th, in the Queen's Bench Division of the High Court of Justice, before Baron Pollock and Mr Justice Vaughan Williams, sitting as a Divisional Court to hear bankruptcy appeals, the case of re Abel Hughes, ex-parte the Official Receiver, was heard. This was an appeal from an order of the County Court Judge at Bangor, dismissing the Official Receiver's application to have declared void as fraudulent preferences, two payments the Bank- rupt had made immediately before his bankruptcy. Mr F. Marshall (instructed by Messrs Win. Jones & Porter) appeared for the Official Receiver, and Messrs Cooper Willis, Q.C., and E. Honoratus Lloyd (instructed by Mr Alun Lloyd) represented the respondents. Mr Marshall said that this was an appeal from a refusal of the learned County Court Judge of Bangor to make an order for the repayment of certain money paid by the debtor to his sister and nephew, and the ground on which the repayment was asked was that the circumstances under which the money had been paid amounted to a fraudulent preference. The debtor, Abel Hughes, according to his own description, was a carter and laborer, carrying on that business-whatever that business might be,—at Colwyn Bay, in North Wales. The general facts of the case were these. The debtor, according to his cash-statement, placed in the Bank, in the year 1889, eight hundred pounds arising from various sources. That remained in the Bank until the month of June, 1891. On the 6th of that month one of his creditors-who had become a creditor by reason of Abel Hughes becoming responsible for the supply of certain timber to his son, a builder, -iiistrlicted his solicitor to demand from the debtor the payment of the debt, due upon a promissory note for £136 6s. The debtor received the solicitor's letter, and five days afterwards he took out from the Bank and went to the house of his sister, who lived about five miles off. He paid to her £ 307 1 os., the amount of a debt said to be due to her. On the 18th of June, seven days after that payment, a writ was issued by the same creditor, Mr Lewis, for the amount due on the promissory note. Two days after that, the debtor proceeded to the lodgings of his nephew, Roger Hughes, and paid him £ 65, which, it was alleged, was owing to him. These were the two sums which, it was alleged under the circumstances, were paid by way of fraudulent preference, and the repayment of which was asked for under an order from the County Court Judge. The debtor, accordiug to his cash-statement, proceeded to pay various other creditors, chiefly amonnts in respect of which he had become responsible for his son, and in that way he used up all the £ 821 except the sum of seven pounds which was the only cash asset in the bankruptcy. Shortly afterwards a receiving-order was made, and Abel Hughes became bankrupt. The only other asset in his statement of affairs was the amount of the claim which he had upon the estate of his so 1 who became a bankrupt before Abel H ughes,-in consequence of many of these pay- ments having been made on the son's behalf. As he was instructed, the main ground on which the County Court Judge held that these were not payments by fraudulent preference was that the sister's and the nephew's requests disclosed sufficient pressure to take the case out of that category. Mr Baron Pollock This is all a question of tact. Will you state in what way the County Court Judge has gone wrong in his mere finding of fact. Mr Marshall said that in a case of fraudulent preference it was a difficult thing to seperate the questions of fact from the questions of law. He submitted that the circumstances pointed irresis- tibly to the conclusion that the payments were made with the view of preferring the two immediate relatives. He contended that upon the debtor's mind the alleged pressure exercised no controlling influence whatever. Mr Cooper Willis said that, as he understood it; the case came before the Judge, who was asked to find that these were fraudulent payments, and His Honor came to the conclusion that no such fraudulent payment had been made out. The following is a verbatim copy of the judge- ment BARON POLLOCK The two payments that are challenged in this case are payments made by the Bankrupt upon the nth June, when he paid to his sister £ 307, and on the 20th June when he paid to his nephew £ 65. There is no dispute or doubt as to those sums being due to those respective creditors. The only question is whether-within the meaning of the existing Bankruptcy Act,—this was a fraudulent prefer- ence, the words of the Section being, Every payment made by any person unable to pay his debts as they become due from his own moneys in favour of any creditor with a view of giving such creditor preference over the other creditors." The first of these questions that we have to determine, is whether at the time that these two payments were made the Bankrupt was unable to pay his debt. If it depended upon that alone, notwithstanding the observations that have been made with great force by Mr Cooper Willis, I should say that he was then unable to pay his debts. Then comes THE FURTHER QUESTION that we have to consider, which is not within the language of the Act, but which is necessary and I.e essential to be considered when we are dealing with the Act, that is, whether the two payments that were made, were made with a view to giving the creditors a preference or whether they were made by reason of pressure. There is no word about pressure in the Act of Parliament, but, as I said before, that is an essential element which has been dealt with from time to time by the decisions on this subject. Now, here I think there is more to be said in favour of the view presented to us by Mr Cooper Willis, that the position of this Bankrupt was not that of a man hopelessly insolvent, and who had been struggling on for a long time—possibly dishonestly—to carry on his business when he knew staring before him he could never pay his creditors, and as far as they were concerned as a body he was careless whether he paid them or not, but this is the case of a man who, although he owed a considerable sum to one creditor, had that sort of an answer which is very often-although not sound in law,— believed in by the debtor, namely the old story that what debt he had contracted was by way of surety for another, snd further that there was a contract between him and the creditor, that the bill in respect of which the debt arose, should be renewed from time to time until certain events happened. That is only one of the elements in considering whether there was a pressure or not, because the two must be considered together. Now, was there any pressure ? In the first place, was the learned County Cotiit Judge right in receiving the evidence and believing it. I think he was right in both. There is no question as to the proper reception of the evidence. Why I say he was right in believing it, is this This is not the case-on the part either of the Bankrupt, or his sister or nephew,—of persons who come and say that there was a great pressure made in the sense that threats were uttered and that the sister said unless he paid the money immediately she would go straight to a Solicitor and put him in the County Court, or something of that kind. Sometimes those cases, iudeed often, overshoot the mark, and the very evidence that is tendered of a great pressure is so improbable that it leads the mind of a Judge to the conclusion that there really was no honest pressure, and that the Bankrupt could not himself believe-at the time he made the payment,—that there was that pressure, so as to induce a Judge to find that the payment was made in consequence of it. I think the evidence is honest on that account. The remaining question is whether that honest evidence can be considered to be snfficient for a Judge to find properly that this payment was made under pressure, and therefore not by way of fraudulent preference. Now I am myself impressed, not only in this case, but I have been in others, as I have already said in the course of the argument, with what is the general condition of the Bankrupt and also his relations with the creditors. On the one hand, when the creditors are relations by blood, of course any Court ought to be extremely jealous to see whether the pay- ment has been honest. But, on the other hand (it is not a singular case in this respect), very often a man may think, "I have persons to whom I owe money besides these relatives, but at present I am not a person against whom any attack has been made. My precise financial position is not known, and with regard to the greater debt, namely, this debt upon the bill-of-exchange, I think I have at any rate a pretty fair defence, but here are two creditors to whom beyond a doubt I owe the money, and they have come to me, it is true, not under any great pressure to take me by the throat, but they have asked me from time to time whether I will pay the money." Then at last (taking the case of the sister, although she only asked for it by hinting at it slightly) there comes a time when she asks for it. Both she and the bankrupt agree in this, that the reason she asked for it was that she had heard of the condition of his son John, and that the bailiffs were in the house, and the laborers were not getting their wages. She thought, in fact, that it was time to look after her money. Now, correlatively, the same circumstances acted upon his mind in this way, that if he did not pay them they were not people who could be put aside as some of the other creditors might be, as they knew the real state not only of his own affairs, but of his son's affairs. Accordingly, when he is asked "Why did you pay Mrs Hughes instead of waiting until the troubles were over?" he says They were wanting their money, seeing the bailiffs were in John's house, and I was in trouble with him." Then he gives an account. as to the debt of Lewis, which I will not refer to because I have referred to it already. That seems THE KEY OF THE CONDITION OF MIND on the part of Mrs Hughes, the nephew, and the Bankrupt and it seems to me he paid the money under those circumstances. Under those circum- stances there is a fair and reasonable ground for coming to the conclusion that although it would otherwise have beena fraudulent preference, under the peculiar circumstances it was a payment made under what is commonly known to the law as pressure. Therefore I think that the Judgment of the learned County Court Judge ought to be up- held and this appeal dismissed. Mr JUSTICE VAUGHAN WILLIAMS If this case had come before me, I should have arrived at a 'different conclusion from that at which the County Court Judge has arrived at. I should without hesitation have arrived at the conclusion that here was a debtor who conceived that one creditor, the Petitioner, Mr Lewis, was treating him hardly. He thought that, as his only liability to Lewis was a liability as surety for his (the debtor's) son, that Lewis ought to have realised all the security he had got before he came upon him (the debtor), and under those circumstances, when he found that Lewis was going to sue him, he was quite determined that if Lewis could make him pay, there should be nothing for Lewis when he got his judgment. Under those circumstances it seems to me that he, having only about £ 750, with the view that when Lewis got his judgment he should get nothing,—in my judgment if the debtor did that he was guilty of a fraudulent preference. But although I say this is the conclusion in fact which I should have arrived at, I recognise that this is a mere question of fact, and I put to myself what is my duty, sitting here with regard to a question of fact, when on that balance of evidence I differ from the County Court Judge. In my opinion, not only out of respect to the County Court Judge, but also in mercy to litigants, when a Court which is sitting in appeal merely differs from the Court below as to which way the balance of evidence is, it is the duty of the Court of Appeal to support the Court below, and not to over-rule it upon a mere question of balance of evidence. If I thought here that the case was one in which one might say of the finding of the County Court Judge—if it had been the finding of the Jury,—that it was perverse, I should unhesitatingly have said sq; but where it is only that I have arrived at a different conclusion in fact from the County Court Judge, and especially when I find that my Brother Baron Pollock, for whom I have the greatest respect, agrees with the County Court Judge, I conceive I am best performing my duty by joining in the decision dismissing this appeal.
On the Saturday the meeting terminated with a team match of nine a side against the Rhyl Golf Club, and the home team carried everything be- fore them, winning by 47 holes. The weather was again perfect. CARNARVONSHIRE. Harold Smith. 2 F. E. Woodhead 10 E. A. Young 2 Dr Smith 0 A. L. VVoodhead 10 C. A. Hartley 3 Colonel Marshall 4 Albert Wood 8 G. H. Healy 9 48 RHYL. H. Mayhew. 0 H.W.Hind. 0 H. F. Birley 0 H. G. Stock 1 W. Williams. 0 Ll. Rae-Browne 0 Colonel Mainwaring 0 J. Briscoe 0 G. Francis 0 1 Return matches will shortly be arranged to take place at Chester and Rhyl. The links at Conway have been very much improved, and the visitors were so charmed that many of them put down their names for election next month. With- out doubt, the Carnarvonshire Club will soon become one of the most popular, and have to increase the accommodation at their Club-house,or remove to a larger one. The Hon. Secretary (Mr J.E.Fincham), will be pleased to give informa- tion as to the links, &c. CONWAY CASTLE'S CONDITION "A DISGRACE TO NORTH WALES." A Birmingham gentleman writes to a contemporary as followsMay I recount my experience in visiting Conway Castle on Easter Monday ? On en- tering the first thing which I noticed was a boy vigorously trying to break a young tree growing inside the walls. Emerging into the courtyard I found I was the target for some youths, who from the point of vantage which the castle walls afforded, made me and others an object of aim for spitting upon and throwing tufts of turf torn from the walls and also twigs of ivy. Beyond the presumable banquet- ing-hall I f jund in one enclosure about a dozen or more lads engaged at pitch and toss, and in another and more remote part of the ruin about eight more youths similarly occupied. The whole place was a good-natured bear-garden, but still it was a bear- garden. No one controlled this crowd of youths, and no one in authority was present within the ruins. The condition of the castle is a disgrace to North Wales. An admission-fee is charged, and this should certainly be applied to keeping the place orderly and decent and, if funds permitted, some essential repairs to prevent ruins becoming unneces- arily ruinous might reasonably be undertaken. In the courtyard-and altogether superfluous as an addition to the surroundings-a weight-machine man 4 ;1 had pitched his spring-balance and suspension chair."
the twilight what magnificent views we had To the north stretched the wide sea, with scarcely a sail in sight To the east, directly behind us, Great Orme's Head presented another aspect of itself to us. Southward Penmaenmawr and the high mountains sloping down to the coast 1 ,y., glittering in the sun's last rays. Before us pufuGlr,. Island was fast rising out of the sea, the great waves washing its rocky base with persistent endeavor; while, further beyond, the hills of Anglesey rose dim and gray against the western sky. Imagine one square inside another, and you realise Lhe appearancc of Beaumaris Castle, which, capped with its ten Moorish towers, makes a fine appearance.