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The funerals of several of the unhappy persons killed by this calamitous accident took place at Bristol on Sunday, and at one of them so large a concourse had assembled', that a lamentable accident very nearly occurred.- The deceased person William Cooper was unusually well known in the city as the proprietor of a dancing establishment and the conductor of a band of music, and its having usually occupied a prominent position at public gala festivals and other occasions of the kind, and as many as from 18,000 to 20,000 persoiis assembled to watch the melancholy ebrtege as it moved from the deceased person's residence in Broad-street to the churchyard of St. James, where the interment took place. The churchyard and the avenues leading to it were so densely crowded, that great difficulty was experienced in getting the corpse into the graveyard. Upon the opening of the iron gates for that purpose, the crowd on the churchyard parade, in its eagerness to get near to the grave, made a terrific rush, with such imp-etuosity t that some of the parties in front were thrown down and trampled on, and would propably have been killed or seriously injured had it not been that Inspector Bell, with a strong body of police, forced back the populace, and arrested their progress until the persons thrown down were dragged out with their clothes torn and their persons bruised, although happily not seriously. There are several of the sur- riving sufferers, who continue to lie in a very precarious state. Mr. John Langdon is considered in peril, as are likewise the captain of the boat, Wm. Puddy, and the little girl, Eliza Fulford. A melancholy change took place on Sunday morning in the state of another of the parties named Bailey. The poor fellow had had his leg amputated, and appeared to be going on well till Sunday morning, when he was seized with sudden delirium, jumped out of bed, uttering dreadful shrieks, and was with difficulty returned to bed. On inquiry at the iiifirwaryo Bailey was much better, he having passed a quiet night.
RESOLUTIONS OF AN IMPORTANT…
RESOLUTIONS OF AN IMPORTANT ANTI-TRUCK MEETING. TO THE EDITOR OF THE PRINCIPALITY. RESPECTED SIR,-I perceived that the following very impor- tant resolutions were unanimously adopted by a large meeting of delegates from all the anti-truck associations in Staffordshire, held at Tipton, on Monday the 15th inst., and would you please to allow them a place in your worthy journal, as copied from th e Birmingham Journal, of the 2Jth inst., for the sake of your numerous readers throughout the counties of Monmouth and Glamorgan, and other places ivherf the truck system is exercised. The resolutions are worded thus :—1st. That the payment of the wages of labour in goods instead of money, while a direct violation of the law of the land, is an unjust encroachment upon the rights and liberties of the working man, destroying, to a great extent, his free-agency; reducing him to the condition of a vassal to his employer, and at the same time robbing him of much of the produce of his only property—the labour of his hands." -2nd. That the truck system is at once dishonourable to the truck-master and dangerous to his moral principle, inas- much as it puts into his hand an engine of extortion, which he has in his power and may be tempted to regulate as his necessity or avarice may dictate, and by the use of which he has an unjust advantage over the honourable money-paying master, enabling him to undersell, and, ultimately to compel him to adopt the same system, or relinquish the unequal competion." 3rd. That the direct tendency of this practice is to break down and destroy the honourable and fair competition of trade, to ruin the retail dealer and the middling classes of society, dissolve the due and reciprocal respect and confidence between the employer and the employed, degrade and subdue the independent spirit of the strength of our country—the working-classes,—to create a population of unprincipled servants and heartless masters, and, in the issue, to bring about a disruption of the body politic, with all the calamities of a servile war." 4th. "That, ileepiy im- pressed with the growing magnitute of this evil and the fearful results which must ultimately fall upon our country from its unarrested pursuits; this meeting pledges itself to an untiring of efforts for its abolition, and earnestly invites the working men, in whose hands the law has placed the power to come forward boldly and fearlessly in the honourable work of putting it down." 5th. "That this meeting approves of the following suggested amendments in the Truck Act,—That the masters be compelled to pay their workmen within half a mile of their work, that middle-men, such as butty-colliers, contractors in ironworks, &c., be empowered to lay information against their iinasters for in- fringement of the present law, that there be a weekly payment of wages, in cash, that the period for laying information be extended to twelve months instead of is being three month-, as at present that the provisions of the Truck Act be made appli- cable to other trades, to railway, canal, and other contractors, builders and timber-merchants, that the payments to workmen shall only be made in current coin of the realm, and that it shall -be illegal to pay in cheques; that the offices for payment of wages shall not be near any tommy-shop; that if any employer or any person in his service, solicit a workman to lay out his money at, or shall discharge or threaten to discharge any workman on account of his not dealing at any particular shop, such employer or person shall be subject to the penalties of the Act; and, finally, memorials were adopted to the Lords of the Admiralty and the Honourable East India Company, praying, that as they pay all their contractors andi sub-contractors in cash, they will use their powerful influence with such contractors, to pay their men, als in cash, or to withhold contracting with such individuals in future These are the resolutions adopted by a meeting of 5,000 or 6,000 of the operatives of Staffordshire and the adjacent towns, and it would not be amiss to adopt the same or similar resolutions throughout the iron and coal truck-paying works of Monmouthshire and Glamorganshire, and we should be glad to see persons, like George Dawson, Esq., of Birmingham, coming forward to assist us:iti putting down this illegal oppression. A WELSH COLLIER. Anti-truck-vale, July 30th, 1850.
THE FREEHOLD LAND SOCIETY.
THE FREEHOLD LAND SOCIETY. TO TUB EDITOR OF THE PRINCIPALIS. Sm,-It may, perhaps, be worth while to remove an impression which your Cardiff contemporary sought, in last week's number, to leave on the minds of its readers respecting the Freehold Land Movement. The paragraph I allude to (which is put together in that paper's usual sinister style) is headed The Chartist Land Scheme," and commences with an elaborate explanation of the misfortunes of O'Connor's speculation, and then winds Up with a warning to its readers to beware of The Freehold Land So- cieties," as if the Freehold Land Movement to which the Cardiff Society belongs was the same or similar to the Chartist scheme of O'Connor. I thought it might be as well (if you can allow me the space) to point out to those of your readers who have not paid much attention to the subject, the difference between the two schemes. In the first place, O'Conner's society was illegal, and in conse- quence his" chi Idren 's money was entirely at the mercy of those who conduced it. The Cardiff society is legal, and is enrolled by Tidd Pratt under the Building Society's Act. In the second place, the money in O'Connor's scheme could not be returned when once paid. In the Cardiff society the trustees are responsible to the members for the money and if any mem- ber is dissatisfied with the management, he can demand his money back agaiu. In the third place, O'Connor's scheme was a lottery in which Verea few prizes and many blanks-in which the many subscribed to furnish homes for the lucky few who came out of the bag. The Cardiff society is simply an investment, or a bank for the savings of the working classes, in which all benetit equally. It is similar to a building society in every respect, excepting this—that it deals in land instead of buildings. We buy land in large quantities, and ill consequence we buy it qheaply, and we retail it amongst ourselves at the wholesale price. Now every one knows that laiiii can be bought in large quantities for one-half or even one-third the price it costs in small quantities. If any one attempted to bny for himself as much land as would bring him in fifty shillings a-year, he would find it would cost him from £ 50 to £70. Now the Birmingham society has done this for E22 9s., including con- veyance-stamps and all the necessary expenses. In the Coventry society it has been done for £ 19 10s. In the Halifax, for 1: 16. In the Derby society it cost as much as ;C40. -1 in the Dudley society, £25 18s.; in the Hull, 120. in the Ipswich, Y,24., &c. and I may say generally the shares average E25 each. It appears to me very difficult to deny that these societies offer a very eligible investment for small savings. Take the most unfavourable instance mentioned above—the Derby society—it which the shares cost £ 40. Fifty shillings a-year return upon X40 is somewhat above 6 per eent.; and let it be recollected than in no other society has the shares cost more than X30. If a man puts money in the Savings Bank he gets 21 per cent. interest, but in this society he may safely calculate on 6 per cent., and it is possible he may receive 15 per cent., as is actually the case in the Coventry society. These societies contrast favourably with other investments in another way-in their safety. A savings bank may break, and a building investment may be burnt, but the Firm set Earth" cannot be removed and it cannot be burnt, neither can it diminish in value as long as the kingdom flourishes. In the face of these facts it seems strange that the only Con- servative print in Wales'' should feel itself called upon to warn its enlighteped readers to beware of the Freehold Land Societies. I believe the explanation is to be found in the violent party spirit which, though happily on the decline, is still too strong in Cardiff. Everything here is done by one of two parties, and whatever one approves the other begs to contradict it;" and in this case the Guardian sees that the society is got up by Liberals, and straightway it opposes without examination. A little investiga- tion would show that although we are a political society in so far as we confer votes on the members, we belong to no party. Tories are as welcome to join as Radicals; and I submit to the cool and clearheaded men of the Tory party, if they don't join instead of traducing us, the Radicals will have it all *heir own way at the next election. In Warwickshire there is a Freehold Land Society got up by the Protectionists, with Mr. Newdigate and Lord John Manners at its head and this proves there is nothing essentially Radical about the scheme. We give them this hint in perfect good faith, and believe they will do themselves and their party more good if they join a move- ment which is not only extending the suffrage safely and securely, but has also improved the moral habits of the people wherever it has appeared by encouraging forethought, prudence, and tern- perauce in its members. I am, Sir, your obedient servant, PETER PRICE. ? .„ Secretary to the Cardiff Society.
COMPANY OF COPPER MINERS IN…
COMPANY OF COPPER MINERS IN ENGLAND. In our last Journal we announced that the works of this company, situated at Cwmavon and Oakwood, in the county of Glamorganshire, were to be sold by auction, by Messrs. Shuttleworth and Sons, at the Mart, on the 26th instant, by order of the trustees, under a mortgage deed. In addition to the property which we give a general account of in our last number, there was offered for sale the Forrest Copper Works, in the parishes of Llangafelach and Llansamlet, and the Graigola Colliery, in the parish of Cadoxton, situate about four miles from the works. The works contain six calciners, eleven furnaces adequate to the smelting of 350 tons of ore, or 40 tons of copper per week, four metal fur- naces, eight metal calciners, five furnaces for reducing cal- cined metal, three roasters and two refinery furnaces, together with the necessary warehouses, lime sheds, two lime kilns, and a detached suite of offices, part of the buildings being held under a lease of 63 years, commencing the 25th March, 1843, at a rent of £ 73 10s. per annum; the other portion under the Duke of Beaufort, for a term of 21 years, from the 25th March, 1845, at a rent of £315 per annum. The colliery comprises the coal under the Cwm Cyrnach and Llaiiercli- Edwall farms, and contains 237 acres 2 rood and 8 perches held under a lease from Messrs. Benson and Logan, for a term of 50 years, subject to a rent of 6d. per ton for small coal, and 8d. per ton for large coal, and Is. additional for every wey of coal of 13 tons, and a sleeping rent of £ 300 per annum, together with a small piece of land, with stabling for nine horses, a water-wheel, chaff-machine, and ostlers' dwelling-houses, held on lease for 60 years, from the 25th March, 1841, at a rental of £ 2 2s. per annum. All the machinery, tools, &c., comprising the inventory, &c., together with the bottoms, slags, and copper in process of manufacture, to be taken at a valuation. Previous to the commencement of the business, Mr. Lord, one of the shareholders, presented a notice to Mr. Shuttle- worth, the auctioneer, protesting against the legality of the sale. The bidding for the Forrest Copper Works commenced at X5,000 but ultimately they were bought in at £ 7,900. The Cwmavon and Oakwood Works were then offered for sale; but no offer having been made, the auctioneer was compelled to withdraw them. We understand that the sale have failed, that the holders of the mortgage deed have Served a notice on the directors of the company, that in the event of their not being reimbursed the sum advanced by them, which is due in October proximo, they intend to proceed against the securities these are Messrs. Glynn, Jones, Lloyd, Denison, &e. It is supposed that, previous to this, all the available material on the works will be stripped, and sold for what it will realise; the leases will be handed back to the company, and the mortgagees will require the shareholders to make up the deficiency. We shall refer more fully to this subject in our next number, when we trust we shall be able to present a more detailed account of the position of the company, and the probable efforts required to be made, in order to restore it to its former pusiti,3.i.-Hiiiiiiq Journal.
NORTH WALES. COMPLETION OF THE BRITANNIA BKIDGB.—The floating of the fourth and laijt tuiJe, which may be said to complete this magnificent structure, came off on Thursday morning, with success. The interest that has throughout been associated with these great engineering performances was probably heightened on the present occasion from the fact of its being the last great launching opera- tion of the kind likely to occur in this country; and, accordingly the concourse of people present from all parts was estimated to be not far short of the thousands that thronged the Straits on the occasion of floating the first tube. At 9 o'clock, Mr. Stephenson, M.P, Captain Claxton, Mr. Edwin Clarke, Mr. Bidder, Mr. C. H. Wild, Mr. Ricardo, M.P., Mr. Lee, C.E., Mr. Borthwiek, C. E., lindothers, took their stations on the top of the tube, which, amid the cheers of the multitude, gradually, as the tide came up, rose upon its cradle of pontoons. The men at the mooring-chains and capstains then in obedience to the various 8ignalings and coloured flags, plied away at their posts, until at three minutes pttst nine, the huge mass, when released from its moorings, moved out into mid stream, where under the troll of the vast and intricate tackle, it made its way for full forty minutes, until in the space of another 10, and after various nice evolutions, it came home, and was safely deposited, amid artillery aad cheers, on the projecting plinths of the towers. The tide taken at starting was 12 it. 8 in., and it gradually rose until it reached a maximum of 17 ft. The total distance travelled over from the starting puint on the Carnarvonshire coast to the baseof the towers was upwards of 300 yards. At about four minutes past 10, just as the operation was completed, the tide turned, and it was high water at 32 min. pMt 10. The length of the tube floated was 470 feet; its weight 1,690 tons; the number of pontoons, 8; their aggregate burden, 2,760 tons; the number of meu engaged in the floating, 685. During the operation, the spectators were permitted to stand upon the top of the tube already in use, and which was covered with them from one end to the other. The completion of the bridge will cause the Chester and Holyhead Company to dispense with nearly 1,000 workmen, who, since the commencement: of the works, with their wives and families, have been in constant occupation. The hydraulic presses are on the towers, and will co.nmence lifting almost immediately. The tube that has been in daily use since the 18th March last, has presented to the most careful observation no change or alteration up to. this time. The deflection found to be caused by the passage of ordinary trains daily is 2-10ths of an inch, and some extreme heavy coal trains have deflected in as much as half-an-inch. The effect of joining the several tubes together, and lowering the opposite end; has been to 'raise them four inches, so that the most heavy trains do not counteract more than one -eight of the advantage that was gained by this process. An early day in November is officially announced by the engineers as the period for tfae coufolidation and complete public opening of the bridge,
THE GLAMORGAN YEOMANRY.
THE GLAMORGAN YEOMANRY. In the House of Commons, on Friday night, Mr. H. Berkeley who rose to oppose the vote of £ 41,000 for the volunteer corps alluded in the following manner to the brave warriors, who inhabit our own immediate neighbour- hood. We trust the Central Glamorgan Protection Club is made of sterner stuff. The honourable gentleman is reported to have said—He would give another instance of yeomanry valour and obedience. He was anxious to find one case in which yeomanry were under fire, and he found one such case, but he confessed he should hesitate to display it before the yeomanic valour of that house, if he had not received the particulars from a gentleman who had been a party in the transaction, and whose testimony was beyond all doubt, as he was a gentleman of respectability, and for- merly an officer in the 2nd Life Guards (hear, hear). The gentleman lie alluded to was Mr. Franklyn, of Clemerton, in the county of Glamorgan, and the case to which he was about to allude was that of the Merthyr riot. He wrote to Mr. Franklyn, asking for information on the subject, and Mr. Franklyn replied that he was in hopes the affair had been forgotten (laughter) as it did not reflect credit on any of the parties concerned, but supposing that the object of his (Mr. Berkeley's) inquiry was to save the public money from being expended on so worthless a subject as the yeo- manry force, he would readily supply him with an account of the proceedings of the yeomanry on that occasion. A division was ordered to assemble and march upon Merthyr Tydvil, being suddenly called together under such officer as happened to be in the county. The West Swanseans were commanded by an old Peninsula officer, who had never seen much service. They never reached Merthyr, having suf- fered themselves to be disarmed in a bloodless encounter with a mob on the road (a laugh). A portion of the division was hastily collected by me. The yeomanry was about one hundred strong, and was ordered to march to Merthyr to secrete some powder. About two miles from Merthyr, they arrived at a common on the side of a hill near which a road was cut. This road was blockaded with large blocks of stone, and part of the hill was covered with people, some of whom had fire-arms, and, after some delay, the major gave the word (a laugh). Was it to get off their horses and storm the barricade ? No, these were the orders they might expect from the gallant gentleman behind him. After some delay the major gave the word, threes about, march," where- upon the mob began to fire (laughter) and the march instantly became a rout,which he in vain attempted to resist by threa- tening to cut down the first man that passed, (a laugh) and which, accordingly, he essayed to do, but the sword being bluut (laughter), of course he could not trust the yeomanry with sharp swords, he was merely knocked on the crupper of his horse, and carried with the crowd, who reached the barracks according to the respective speed of the horses ('' hear, hear," and much laughter). He had heard it said by persons who knew Merthyr Tydvil well, that it was a theme of laughter and joke to all, the extraordinary figure the yeomanry cut on that occasion, and when we reflected that the yeomanry dress was a short jacket, which scarcely reached down to the os sacrum (much laughter) what a dis- L play they must have made when they all turned tail together (a laugh). Mr. Franklyn concluded his letter in these words: "This is the consequence which must necessarily arise from the attempts to make bad farmers and worse soldiers by a few days' drill, just sufficient to make man and horse uncomfortable-just sufficient to destroy the man's confidence individually, and not sufficient to supply the con- fidence of discipline either to man or horse. Humanity appeals, and economy forbids, the employment of any other force than the regulars against them all." Very little re- mark was necessary on such a document as this; they could not reflect without shuddering upon the consequences likely tD to ensue from the temporary success of a mob opposed to such a force at this. What would have been the conse- quence if Newport had been defended by a regiment or brigade of yeomanry, instead of having a company of the 45th ?
PEMBROKE. FIRE AT PEMBROKE Y A.lW.-Oll Saturday a fire occurred at Pembroke Yard from spontaneous combustion,which if happen- ing at night might have produced the most serious consequences. It appears that certain old timber materials, obtained on breaking up the Triumph, 7-1, much coated with pitch tar, and oakum, had been packed up for disposal by auction at the usual monthly sales. By some means they ignited, and being near a range of seasoning sheds constructed of wood, and unnually coated with coal and other tar, serious apprehensions were en- tained for the safety of the arsenal. The mischief occurring however very fortunately during the working hoursofthe yard, y a the engines were quickly on the spot, and the fire soon extin- guished without any further injury than a partial loss of the lot of wood. The proximity of these lots so packed up for sale to the line of seasoning bheds, filled as they are with valuable timber articles, is a circumstance which requires consideration, for had the flames once extended to them, the safety of the whole arsenal would have been endangered. fhe only space wh re the offal wood shonld be stacked for sale is south of the road leading to the chapel—a place perfectly distinct from all build- ings, safe, and now merely occupied as fields and gardens. In future perhaps more caution will be exercised in isolating old materials likely to take fire from the sheds containing valuable property.
——^ FORTHCOMING ELECTION FOR LAMBETH.—Mr. Charles Pearson has unexpectedly resighed his seat for Lambeth. Meetings of electors have been held with a view to the election of Mr. Wil- liams, late member for Coventry. The Globe announces that a requisition to Mr. David Salomons is in course of signature. Mr. D. W. Wire is talked of in some quarters as likely to be a candidate on the liberal interest. ROYALTY HARD up. -The, ex-King of the Frenchretumed to Claremont on Monday week. lIisretiuue was composed of above seventy persons and the luggage, consisting of portmanteaus and bandboxes, weighed upwards of four tons, The greatest solicitude was expressed by his suit for the comfort of the ex-King, and they wished to carry him from the railway platform to his car- riage but he very good-humouredly opposed their good inten- tions. Previous to quitting the metropolis the Duke of Welling- ton called on the royal exile. COMMERCIAL EXCHANGE COMPANY.-Both in Glasgow and Edinburgh the painful excitement produced by the recent dissolu- tion of the Commercial Exchange Company has been largely in- creased during the past week, by further most alarming disclosures concerning the state of its affairs. On Tuesday a meeting took place of sundry shareholders who had recently sold their stock in the undertaking, to consider a communication received from Mr. Jamieson, the person charged with winding up its affairs. The purport of it was, that the debts due to the company (chiefly by its late directors) would, instead of realising E230,000, as calcu- lated only a couple of months ago, produce scarcely Z100,000 secondly, that the call of £ 5 per share, which, if fully paid, would have produced E350,000, and which was expected to produce at least half that sum, would not yield more than £ 80,000. From these two causes a deficiency of more than C200,000 lial resulted, and the few solvent shareholders remaining had agreed to raise £ 100,000 amongst them, and now called upon those who had re- cently left the company to do as much. The grounds upon which ,they had based their application were, that the company was actually dissolved by loss of capital at the period when the trans- fers were executed, and that most of these were effected by false entries in the books of the company; and further, that without, assistance of this kind the company must be sequestrated, involving the probable ruin of all parties concerned in it. The serious nature of the position may be inferred from the fact that, although the parties applied to deny their legal liability, they are seriously at- tempting to raise the enormous sum required, and already have obtained a considerable portion of it. IKON SllIPS OF WAR.—We understand that Mr. Walter, R.N., has now proposed to the Lords of the Admiralty a plan by .,which all the defects of iron war steamers will be remedied, and which the gallant admiral, Sir Charles Napier, has lately so alarmingly pointed out. Mr. Walter proposes --by lining the ships throughout between the angle-irons with his composition— to make them perfectly safe. He says it will-lst. Retain the splinters made by the shot.-2nd. Close the holes, and prevent the water entering.—3rd. Prevent concussion, and thereby the rivet- heads from being knocked off.- 4th. Prevent corrosion of the iron by the adhesive material to be applied.-5th. Prevent the effects of heat in warm climates.-6th. From its elasticity, it will yield to the working of the ship, and keep her tight and dry.—7th. From its being a non-conductor, it will remove the present diffi- culties with regard to the compasses.—8th, And it can always be reformed and transferred to another ship. The composition has passed the ordeal of the 32-pounders, at Woolwich, and is now to be tested by the guns of the Excellent, at Portsmouth.
WESLEYAN REFORM. The friends and supporters of this great movement have just been visited by a well-known veteran in their cause, Mr. James Everett, one of the expelled ministers. On Tuesday afternoon this gentleman preached to a full congregation at Womanby-street chapel, kindly lent for the purpose by the Rev. Mr. James, the officiating minister. Mr. Everett selected for his text, Gal. 6, 15 v. His discourse was imminently practical, and characterised by deep earnestness. In the evening a meeting was held at the town-hall, and was rather numerously attended. His Worship the Mayor occupied the chair. The Wesleyan hymn, My God I know and feel thee mine" having been sung, prayer was offered by the Rev. Mr. James, after which the chairman said, that it would ill have become him to have taken any part in the proceedings of that evening unless he was firmly convinced of the righteousness of the cause. They were all well aware that great differences had sprung up in the body of the Dissenting Christian worshippers, called Wesleyans. Now to that body he had been attached since a boy, and including the connexion his predecessors had, his family, h. could safely say, had been supporters of the doctrines of Wesleyanism for a period cf not less than 60 years (hear, hear). That body had its differences in opinion, and he had thought it necessary, not only as important to the community, but as affectin ehis own interest to look, and that most carefully, at both sides of the question. He had done so, and after some investigation he had become convinced that the acts of conference were decidedly wrong (cheers), and that they required the force of public opinion to make them what they should be-the pressure from without to convince them that their measures were erroneous (hear, hear). When they viewed the extraordinary doings of the conference body they (the public) could not be indifferent to them, because they knew the imp ortance of them-because they knew that their civil and religious liberty was in danger (cheers). In the protectiou of that liberty they should all prove true men, for he was sure if anything had raised this country to the present pitch of perfection in which it existed, it was the freedom cf opinion possessed by the people with regard to religious matters (hear, hear). If such was then the case, was it not their duty as fellow-men and christians to take the bible into their hands and to inquire into the conduct of a body who would rob them, of what to him (the mayor), was as dear as life itself (hear, hear). They had that right and they would exercise it (cheers). They had the right allowed them of meeting together to examine the conduct of Government, which, if they deemed wrong, would be treated accordingly. The Church of England, (and although not a member, yet he (the speaker) was a great respector of that Church) possessed ruling advantages, which they (the Wesleyans) did not possess. If that Church had a Bishop of Exeter, they had also an Archbishop of Canterbury. But in the Wesleyan body they had no such personages, and it became therefore the duty of the members of that body to meet together for the purpose of testing whether or not those who were employed by them were true, and faithful servants (hear, hear). They met not to destroy Conference—not to destroy the Institution—but to remove certain differences which existed, and to make the Wesleyan body more pure, more simple, and more like it was in the time of the great John Wesley (hear, hear). What, he would ask, had been the treatment experienced by the members of the body through the acts of the Conference? This, and this only that they had excluded men who were high in station and clever in ability, from enjoying the great pleasures of christian fellowship. They all remembered, no doubt, some short time previously it was announced that these gentlemen who had been evpelled, Messrs. Everett, Dunn, and Griffiths, would attend the town to explain the whole particulars respecting the unheard of treatment they had received. The two latter did attend, but they felt as if a vacuum existed, for the first on the list was not present, and from what they then heard they considered him the victim. However, he was glad that that deficiency had now been supplied (hear, hear). After a few more remarks, the Chairman introduced to the meeting The ltev, Jas. Everett, who was received with loud cheers. After a few preliminary remarks, in which he alluded to the conduct of the Conference, assisted, and that most strongly, by the influence of Dr. Bunting, in having annihilated in 1835, the solemn compact of 1797, without asking in the slightest degree the consent of the people, which he contended had been the cause of the great agitation which had existed, and did exist throughout the whole system of the Wesleyan body, and would he considered be the cause of much more. He proceeded to ask what had been the system adopted which had given rise to this agitation ? The Wesleyan body in its primative state might be compared to a beautiful lake or sheet of water, now smooth and unruffled, but at once swept into fury by a tempest, the violence of which caused the waters to overflow the banks, each stream taking a different and distinct course. Now, if they looked at the many streams which were flowing from the body Of Wesleyan Methodism they would find them endless. After enumerating the various sects which existed, the Rev. speaker said that, in fact, so many streams had issued forth from the parent body that it was obliged to take to itself a new name to protect it from being entirely lost (hear, hear). What then was the sum and substance of the whole quarrel ? Why, discipline. Now, he did not object to proper discipline in any Church, because he know it was entirely necessary, but let it be grounded upon the advice and instruction of the bible (hear, hear). Such then was not the case in this instance. The laws laid down by Conference were laws which could not from their nature be tested by the New Testament. Such laws had existed, but these had been thrown down, trampled upon, and destroyed, and for the most trivial cause had the present agita- tion been brought into action. He compared the whole affair to the placing of two straws. The Conference threw down one and ordered the people to throw the othar accross it, and be- cause they would not do it, they turned round and said that they would expel them (hear). If these differences had been caused by any Christian faults, then he contended the Con- ference would have been right in expelling them, but when they hung upon matters the most paltry, then he must say that he totally and strenuously objected to and opposed them (cheers). Agitation was good or bad according to the means employed- according to the animus of the parties engaged. The objection which they had proposed to the Conference was merely one which would tend to reformation. Reform the Wesleyan body was their motto, not revolutionise it. Their object was re- form-the removal of those laws which were calculated to foster abuses, and to destroy their social and religious liberties (cheers) and to suppose that reformation could not be accom- plished without revolution, was the same as supposing that a tree to be pruned could not be operated upon without being torn up by the roots, a wen could not be removed from the eye without severing the head, and a street could not be cleansed and watered without pulliug up the pavement (loud cheers). And what were the means they had employed to effect this great agitation. They were, simply, two-the public press, and public meetings, and yet each of these have been condemned by the Conference party. But why? The public press had been employed by the Conference party from the beginning downwards pamphlets have been printed, many of which were sold, and many have been gratuitously distributed. Where the money had come from to effect this gratuitous distribution, many would not say; all he could say was that it was very possible it might have come from what was termed the contingent fund-the pence of the poor had paid for it (hear, hear). Hav- ing alluded to the mode of opposition that had been thrown in their way, of the epithets and accusations which had been made against them, the Rev. Speaker proceeded to ask his audience to tell him what, for being branded as republicans, and mur- derers, sorcerers, liars, and suchlike, the expelled ministers had done ? What had the Conference found against them ? Had they proved them guilty of one single heresy in doctrine? No. Had thay proved their insufficiency with regard to ability fer the ministry ? No. Had they proved they lacked one jot with. regard to morality, or that they had erred in one point with regard to Wesleyan moral discipline ? To all of these he would say, No for on every one, aye, and more, had they been ex- amined and the question on each of these points was, Are there objections against James Everett." The answer was, No. (hear, hear, and tcheers), and it had been the answer during the last forty-three years (loud cheers)..What had the Con- ference to do under those circumstances, but to pass on to the next names. But, no. He (the speaker), together with his two excellent friends, Messrs. Dunn and Griffiths, had been expelled (shame), although, after receiving the answer, they had stood upon the same clear and untarnished ground before that body as Dr. Bunting, the president, or any preacher in the Conference (shame); but yet, these men maintain their status in the Christian ministry and are invested with the same power, the same honour, and the same privileges, whilst he (the speaker), together with the other two he had just men- tioned, had been expelled from the Conference, excluded from the society and from the right to its funds, and turned out upon the world without their (the Conference) knowing whether or not they had a shilling to help themselves with (loud cries of "shame"). That then was their position. Wouid his hearers like to be treated in such a manner (No, no). What Christian community would be likely to receive them—three men turned out without a character. Would they (Yes, yes) ? It was customary with eyery person who left his situation to taks vith
---THE STEAM-BOAT EXPLOSION…
This being the whole of the evidence, the coroner summed up, leading it to the jury to say whether the deaths* were accidental or otherwise and intimating that if they wished to append any opinion in regard to the state of the boiler to their verdict they could do so. One of the jurofs said he cSVfsidere'd that the conduct of tha cwirer was very censurable.' After promising Nicholas to have n new boiler, be ought not to have Had the old one patched up. lie ought,- to'oyto haVe listened fo'fh'e opinion of an experienced Maw like the elder Nicholas, ? preference to that of the boy, „ 'ffre jury then" resumed a'fei'dict, That the deceased persons 'i,re accidently killed by th'e explosion of the boiler of a steam engine on board the and the jury is of opinion that tha owner ought not to have used the said boiler." The harbour steafrifers Export, Witch, and Flying Fish were subjected On Saturday to an examination by Messrs. Maclean- inspectors'of the Board of Trade, and some experienced ship, builders and engineers of the city, with a view to their being duly registered under the powers of a recent act of parliament4 The inspectors approved of the vessels and their machinery, but directed the provision of watertight bulkheads, so as in the event of accident to guard the passengers from being scalded. Some of the sufferers in- the infirmary are in a very precarious state.'