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ftoings. THT: Gosu," OLD METHOD OF COBKECTISG A DOMESTIC.— "Lit December, 1680.—This morning, observing some things not laid upas they should be by my girl, 1 took a broom and basted her till she cried extremely." -Peppys' s Diary. "NOT YET."—A writer in the Arbroath Guide observes, that the Arbroath Town Council have attempted to prophesy.— Recently, while voting a loyal address to the Queen on the appearance of Prince Arthur Patrick Albert, they congratulated her Majesty all the birth of her last child. IRISH WIT.—"That is the smallest horse I ever saw," re- marted a gentleman in a mixed company. Small said an Irish bystander, do you call him small by St. Patrick, I i.aye seen a horse as small as two of him." TALL TREES.—There are trees so tall in Missouri that it takes two meu and a boy to look to.the top of them. One looks till he gets tired, and another commences where he left off.- American Paper. SUBLIME AND RIDICULOUS.—General Scott, the conqueror of Mexico, has recently visited his native village in Pennsylvania, liis entrance into the place is thus introduced by the editor of the American Tomahawk The gallant hero, seated in a chariot, led the van. The rosy morn besprinkled the oriental clouds'with effulgent glory; and the gorgeous sun, at last issuing like a warrior from his repose, walked up to the sky, gilding the vast expanse of ether, and throwing his broad and splendid rays upor- a line of one-horse tcaggons and carts, filled with individuals principally from our village WESTERN LITERATURE. —In Ohio they have a literary cassette called the Bucky Blossoms; and in Kentucky, The Hose of'the Valley; in New Jersey, the Behidere Apollo; in Mary, hud, the Kent Bugle; in Ohio, also, the Toledo Blade and in the Mississippi, the Bowie Knife DUlUNG the late canvass in Michigan a surgeon-dentist was making an excellent speech in one of the interior towns. A low fellow belonging to the other party interrupted him with the question, What do you ask to pull a tooth, doctor ?" I will pull all your teeth for a shilling, and your nose gratis," replied the speaker.— Gait Reporter. A YANKEE has just invented a method to catch rats. He says, Locate your bed in a place much infested with these a'-mals and on retiring put out the light. Then strew over )"U1" pillow some strong smelling cheese, three or four red her- rings, some barley meal or new malt, and a sprinkling of dried <o ifish, Keep awake tid you fin1 the rats at work, and then make a grab WHAT a strange thing it is," remarked a Frenchman, after making a tour of Great .Britain, that you should have 200 different religions and only one gravy STATISTICS OF BACKELORDOM.-—A married lady has favoured vs with the following report -Bachelors henpecked by their housekeepers, 3,185 pestered by legacy-hunting relatives, I,7;i6; devoured by ennui and selfish cares, 2,064; troubled and tormented by nephews and nieces, 1,883 crabbed, cross- il rained, and desolate in life's decline, 5,384 happy, none.- Leicester Chronicle. THE REinTS OF WOMEN.—Women are supposed to be very c; 1 n generally but women feel just as men feel; they need o.%ectise for their faculties, and a field for their efforts as much -ic L" ilier brothers clo they suffer from too rigid a restraint, too absolute a stagnation, precisely as men would suffer; and it is in their more privileged fellow-creatures to say that they ought to confine themselves to making puddings and knitting stockings, to playing on the piano sand embroidering bags. It is thoughtless to condemn them, or laugh at them, if they seek#to do more or leant more than custom Ins pronounced ,or their sc-x.-C.,ii-rei- Bell. A GENTLEMAN has male the following return to the Income- Lx Commissioner", For the last three years my income luis been somewhat under in future it will be more precarious, as the man is dead of whom I borrowed the money." A YANKEE EDITOR remarked, in a polemical article, that though he would not call his opponent a liar, he must say, that if the gentleman had intended to state what was utterly false, he had been remarkably succcssful in his attempt. "JIM, did you ever double the Cape of Good ITope Yes, I expect I have." "Whenr" "Last nignt, when I put my arm round the Cape that belongs to the dress of the young lady that I have good hopes of making Mrs. Disen- bcrry." J THE DUKE AND THE BlrTCHEll. The following anecdote v a3 told with great glee, at a dinner, by William IV., then Duke of Clarence. "I was riding, other day, between Teddlngton and Hampton-wick, when I was overtaken by a butcher's bov on horse-back, with a tray of meat under his ar.u. < Nice pony that of yours, old gentleman, said he. Pretty fair,' was my reply. Mine's a good to"; rejoined ho, 'and I'll trot you to Hampton-wick for a pot o porter.' 1 declined the match, and the butcher's boy, as he stuck his single spur in his horse's side, exclaimed, with a look of con- tempt, 'I thought you were only a muff: A LADY on a visit to Dublin, having a great penchant for pound cakes, sent a servant out to get her one. The man went out on his mission, but was absent ft must 'unaccountable time; at last he returned in a great heat, carrying a large cake in his arms, apologising in rich Irirfh for his long absence, stating that he had searched all over D ublill for a piJuncl cake, but cOlld only get an eighteen-shilling cake, which he hoped would sa t her ladyship as well." "You labour overmuch on your composition, doctor," said a t-i joant clergyman to a venerable divine. I write a sermon ,i -hi -c2 honrs, and make willing of it." So. your congrcga- g dun says," quoth the doctor. ONE of the'lady editors," says the New Englander, "lately a .;oiiish;:d all bachelordom by announcing, that wouU» resile her nose in a rat's nest of swingle tOw as allow a inaa with whisker to kiss her.' For the comfort of the aiiucied, as weJ as to give both opinions in a two-sided matter may add to this declaration, the Spanish proverb, 'A kiss wi:hout it moustache is an egg without sdt:" r ,-I .I..
JØUU5. RAPID MODE OF LIGHTING GAS-LAMPS.—A rapid and scientific mode of lighting and extinguishing public gas-burners has been invented by a person named Vilatte. The opening of the burner of each lamp is covered with a piece of soft iron, mounted upon a hinge. In connexion with this is a wire extending from a galvannic battery the entire length of the service of the gas-lamps, and close to the orifice of each burner is a small slip of platina. The soft iron, becoming a magnet when acted upon by the electric fluid, opens or closes the orifice according to the motion imparted to it the platina ignites when it is necessary to light the lamps, and thus every lamp in a large town may be lighted simultaneously, or extinguished in the same way, by a different action on the magnetised iron. -Tinies. FUNERAL OF THE LATE CAPTAIN AND MRS. M'NEIL, AND THEIR TWO DAUGHTERS, LOST IN THE OBION.—The body of this unfortunate gentleman was, with that of his wife and those of his two daughters, conveyed on Wednesday, by the steamer Briton, from Stranraer to West Tarbet, where the vessel was met by a large number of near relatives and friends of the deceased, and then proceeded to the family burying-ground on the island of Gigha. On nearing that island, each of the bodies was placed in a separate barge, and rowed ashore. At this time the neighbouring land was covered with multitudes of Highlanders, who had come to see the last sad rites performed over those whom they had revered and loved and the scene was a most painful and affecting one. WOOLLEN MANUFACTURES.—The declared value of the ex- ports of woollen manufactures from the United Kingdom during the vear 1819 was, according to a return just published, £ 7,42,723." The quantities of s:;eep and lambs' wool im- ported during the same year amounlel to 75,113,8471bs., and the quantities re-expoited to 12,324,4151bs. The quantities of British sheep and lambs' wool exported in 1849 amounted to ll,200,4721bs., and of British woollen and worsted yarn, in- cluding that which is mixed with other materials, 11,773,0201b. were exported. The imports of Alpaca and Llama wool, in 1849, amounted to 1,655,3001b. and the quantities re-exported to 126,0821b. Of mohair, or goats' wool, 2,536,0391b. were imported, the quantities re-exported being 130,1451b. THE NEW LORD CHANCELLOR.—Sir Thomas Wilde is Lord Chancellor of England. His father was an attorney in the City. The future Chancellor was placed in St. Paul's School. He here formed an acquaintance which ripened into a lasting friendship, with Frederick Pollock, now Lord Chief Baron. From this school young Wilde was removed to his father's office. His unwearied industry and quickness of perception were generally observed during, his clerkship, and upon his admission as an attorney, business rapidly flowed in upon him. In the course of a few years, with self-reliance almost unex- ampled, he relinquished a practice producing several thousands a year, and was called to the bar. He chose the Western Circuit. His knowledge of the law, his zeal, his industry, and a ready command of appropriate language, very shortly gave him distinction and emminence. He was unusually zealous in his client's cause, but was a candid opponent. The unwearied industry which marked him when a boy is still in full exercise, and he has before him the example of Lord Hardwicke, who, like himself, when made Chancellor, had principally practised in common law courts, and who, like himself, had sat at the attorney's desk, he has, too, the rare qualification for a judge, a full and accurate general knowledge of the law, its process, and its practice, The task before him appears difficult, but all is possible to the untiring industry of a man who grudgingly gives to rest at the utmost about five hours in the twenty-four. The unconnected but industrious Jclerk or student may, from the elevation of Sir Thomas Wilde, derive pleasure and hope. -Correspondent of the Times. UNPARALLELED DEATH AT A CRICKET MATCH.—An inves- tigation was gone into on Friday before Mr. \V Carter, at the Hand-in-IIand Tavern, Streatham, on the body ot George Powell, aged 28. On Tuesday, the 2nd inst., a single-wicket cricket match was appointed to take place at Clapham Com- mon, in which the deceased and another person were engaged. In the course of the game deceased threw the ball with great force at the wicket, knocking off one of the stumps, and, having stumbled while running, he unfortunately fell upon the point of the stump when it was nearly perpendicular. It entered two inches above the right knee, and came out four inches at the back, He was subsequently placed under medical care, but erysipelas set in last week and terminated fatally. The jury returned a verdict of Accidental death." The coroner remarked that such an extraordinary accident had never before happened at a cricket match, an observation in which the jury fully concurred. STATUE OF HER MAJESTY AT HOLYROOD. We, North British Mail," understand that, on occasion of the occupation by royalty of the ancient palace of Holyrood, it is proposed to erect a statue of Her Majesty in the central quadrangle of the building. A subscription paper, for the purpose of raising the funds necessary for the accomplishment of the object is, we believe, in course of signature and the subscriptions, in order to afford to all classes of the community an opportunity of contributing, are to be restricted to one guinea. The list of subscribers has been headed by the Lord Provost, and from the cordiality with which the proposal has been already entered into, confident hopes are entertained that its promoters will have no difficulty in raising tho amount. AN EXECUTIONER KILLED BY HIS SON. The Gazette des Tribunaux has the following communication from Bois le Due in liolland It is well known that among the degrading punishments provided by the penal code of the Netherlands is the one which is called het zaijen van het sward, or the bran- dishing of the sword, and which consists in the culprit being placed on his knees on the scaffold with his eyes blindfolded, as if he were about to have his head cut off. The executioner then whirls several times over the culprit's head the sword which is used for the decapitation of criminals. The applica- tion of this extraordinary punishment lately took place in the above town, and was attended with a fatal accident. On this occasion the executioner had caused his son to take his place, a young man of twenty-two, whom he is instructing in the exercise of his functions. The young man had posted himself behind the individual to be operated upon, and the executioner stood behind his son—doubtless in order to give him the neces- sary directions. The apprentice executioner then grasped the sword and brandished it about a dozen times over the head of the culprit; but in bringing it back again towards himself he unfortunately struck his father on the lower part of the head, and inflicted a fatal wound. The young man has been arrested. He stated that his arm had grown weak in the act of whirling the .sword, which is a very heavy one, and that, having lost his command over it, the sword had fallen on his father. The truth of the explanation is doubted by no one, as the young man bears an excellent character. TRAGICAL AFFAIR IN AN AMERICAN COURT OF JUSTICE.—A letter dated Danville, Vermont, June 21, says,—" The felons Warburton, alias Bristol Bill and Meadows, were brought into court this forenoon, at half-past ten o'clock, to receive sentence for the crime of counterfeiting, of which they were found guilty last week Immediately after sentence-was passed, to wit, ten years' imprisonment at hard labour on each of the prisoners, Bristol Bill suddenly, and with the agility of a tiger, sprang upon Mr. B. N. Davis, state attorney, and plunged the blade of alartecase knife full three inches into his neck, just at the back of the right ear, striking the neck bone and glancing back- ward instead of forward, to which fortunate circumstance of the backward direction the state attorney is no doubt indebted for his life. The first intimation that any one present had of the prisoner's intention was the sharp tinkling of his chains, as he suddenly leaped forward to inflict the wound, Mr. Davis fell reeling to the floor, uttering but a faint cry, the weapon sticking in the wound. A bystander pulled out the reeking blade, while Bill stood erect, with a look of exultation depicted upon his countenance. Indeed, while being doubly ironed, he repeatedly stated that he had but one anxiety, and that was the fear that the work was but half dune -that it would not prove fatal —during which he evinced as much coolness as though nothing of any particular moment had occurred. The family of the state attorney were immediately sent for, and are anxiously attend- ing by his bedside. Mr. Davis is in a very critical situation, tht ugh the attending physicians encourage us with the hope that the wound will not prove fatal." Another account says: -2vluch fear and excitement prevailed in the court-room and th< ugh Bill was fettered, he took control of the house for some minutes. The judge commanded the officers to arrest him but so completely terror-stricken wire all present that no one duist approach him. Bill stationed himself in one corner of the room and swore that he would kill the first man who should approach hiiii but at last his counsel, Mr. Farrar, went up to hin', spoke a few wards, when without further resistance he yielded himself to the hands of an officer, and was immediately handcuffed and put. in close coi finemcnt. Bill seemed frantic v-ith rage, said he intended to kill Davis on the spot, and was '■ most Gr—d d 2d sorry he did not." Where he obtained the knife no one knows, but it is generally supposed some one L rnishcd him with it—for what purpose that individual best knows. VAUXIIALL GARDENS. On Friday evening a grand bal masque took place at these gardens by special desire of the Nepaulese Ambassador. A state-box was erected for the re- ception of his excellency, with a view to enable him and his suite to witness the gay and festive scene," uninterruptedly. Between twelve and one o'clock the ambassador and his two brothers arrived at the gardens. The richness of their costumes attracted much attention from the contrast they bore to the various dresses and disguises of the maskers. The ambassador expressed himself much gratified by the scene of merriment. NARROW Ese.-irr.-A gentleman in an Irish jaunting car, on Wednesday evening week, \\ad a narrow escape from serious injury, by a cart, laden with stones, being left standing too near the centre of the narrow thoroughfare opposite the Liverpool Arms hotel, Bangor. There was not sufficient room for the cart to pass, and consequently it struck and became locked with one of the cart wheels, the right leg of the gentleman being so placed that but for great care being used in its extrication, and some nerve displayed both on his part and that of the driver, it would inevitably have been crushed or broken. As it was, a slight pressure and a little damage to the trousers only was suf- fered. We insert this notice only by way of caution to cart- drivers to be more careful, as worse consequences might have arisen from the neglect evident on this occasion. THE IRON TRADE.-The usual quarterly meeting of iron-mas- ters took place at the Town Hall, Birmingl.am, on Thursday, and was more numerously attended than any meeting held for a considerable time past. The depression throughout the past three months has been great, and the workmen and their families have suffered much privation, but a better state oi things is now confidently looked forward to. A number of furnaces were set to work during the railway mania, and the large amount of capital invested prevented the curtailment of the manufacture; upon the demand ceasing, a glut was the consequence, with a dimuuition in price. Several attempts have been made during the past quarter to effect a reduction below the quotations of last quarter-day, but without success. At the meeting, all the large firms in Stafford- shire and Shropshire were represented, and many buyers from London and Liverpool were present. But few sales were effected owing to the leading firms refusing to accede to any reductiontof price it being generally admitted that, without a great reduction of wages, which they were not prepared to recommend, forge pig- iron could not be made for less than £ 3. per ton, nor manufactured fur less than X6. Reports from Wales and Scotland were rumoured slating that in those localities prices were receding, but it would be fofly.for the manufacturers of South Staffordshire to attempt to compete with them in prices, while they beat them in quality. To meet the present condition of the trade, 20 furnaces have been blown out during the past three weeks 2,000 tons a week less than the usual supply will be thus produced, and the stocks lessened. Some sales were negotiated before the close of the meeting at £ 5.10s. to £ 5.15s. for bar, and C2. Ills, to X2. 15s. for pig-prices, at present wages, not considered remunerative. Rod and sheet iron brought £ 8. per ton, A general opinion prevailed that things had reached the worst, and we are glad to state that the accounts were all satisfactorily settled.-Mining Journal. CONTRACT FOR IRON.—The commissioners of the navy will be ready on Tuesday, the 30th inst., to receive tenders for supplying to the several dock-yards for 12 months certain, and afterwards for three months, such cast-iron articles as may be required. The finance committee of the East India Company will also receive tenders on the 24th inst., for the supply of British iron. FRENCH CONTRACT FOR COALS.—The contract for supplying the French Post-office department with 11,000 ton of coal for the mail packets, was principally obtained by an eminent English firnJ, to the disappointment of the French and Belgian contractors. The coals are to be Newcastle and Welsh, and will be exported in British bottoms. SUICIDES IN NrWGATr.-Oll Saturday two inquests were held in Newgate. The first was on the body of Daniel Blac-kstaff Donovan, aged 33, au ex-pugilist; the second on the body of Walter Watts, also aged 33, recently a clerk in the Globe Insur- ance office, and formerly lessee ot the Marylebone and Olympic Theatres. On Friday, Donovan was tried at the Central Criminal Court, and sentence of death recorded against him; and the same day, the deceased Watts was brought up for judgment, and sentenced to ten years transportation. Donovan was tried soon after ten a. m., and sentenced soon after one p.m. He was found 1 0 11 dead about twenty, minutes to three, suspended by his handker- chief. He was warm, and the attendant had to go to Hatton- garden for the assistant-surgeon, and did not take a cab. The jury consulted for a. long time, and twelve of them were of opinion that deceased had hung himself whilst in an unsound state of mind the remaining eleven considered that he was not. A verdict was then recorded of "Temporary Insanity," accord- ing to the decision of the majority. The second inquest, on the body of Watts, was then proceeded with. After sentence had been passed he was taken back into the Infirmary. William Smith, a prisoner, saw him soon after he was sentenced, and he did not appear at all different from what he had been before. Before he went up to the Court he said he expected to be im- prisoned for twelve months when he came back he said he had got transported for ten years, but seemed as usual. Witness went to bed at nine, and woke again at twelve. All was quiet —woke again at three, and lay awake until a quarter to four, then turned round in bed and missed Mr. Watts, and, seeing his slippers and boots, suspected something wrong. Woke the prisoner next to him, who immediately jumped out of bed, and went to the water-closet and called for a knife, saying Watts was there hanging quite dedd and cold. They rang the bell for the officer. Deceased was hanging suspended by a bit of cord fastened by the side of his neck from some bars across a window which was over and by the side of the water-closet. Mr. Waldon came with a knife, and deceased was cut down, Shipton laid him on the floor. A doctor was sent for, although Watts was quite dead. He was in his shirt, with a napkin on his chest, and a locket suspended from his neck. The rope was cut out of the sacking of the bedstead. It corresponded with a piece wanting. Was certain that during the three-quarters of an hour that he was awake deceased did not go to the water-closet. Mr. Sewell, the assistant-surgeon, said deceased must have been dead for two or three hours previous to four. Thought the pains in the head, of which deceased complained, were caused by a diseased condition of the brain, produced by hard drinking. Unanimous verdict of Temporary Insanity. Loss OF THE SCHOONER MONMOUTH, OF NEWPORT.—In- telligence has been received at Newport of the loss of the schooner Monmouth of that port. which, when near the Gulf of Gibraltar, was run into by a foreign vessel, with such a violence as to cut away seven of her side planks, besides lee destroying one of her boats. The vessel made water so fast that the crew had hard work to save their li, es in the boats, the captain's sister, who was on board, being up to her waist before she could be got out of the cabin. The foreign vessel, whose name in the confusion was not recognised, went off without rendering any assistance. A SHIP ON FIRE IN THE THAMES.—On Saturday afternoon, between four and five o'clock, a vessel named the Saunders, belonging to Mr. Phillip's, a lighterman, and lying offlrongate stairs, caught fire, and in a few minutes, notwithstanding prompt assistance was given, the cabin head and the after part of the vessel were in flames, The two splendid steam-ships, the Batavier, Rotterdam trader, and the Leith, a Scotch trader, were in close proximity to the fire, and the forepart of both ships' sides, together with their paddle-boxes, were severely damaged. Sir HOlmIn PEEL'S TESTIMONIAL AND THE POLICE.—WO un- derstand that, in admiration of the character of this eminent statesman, and as being the founder of the police system, the various members of the City of London police force have volun tarily subscribed half a day's pay towards such testimonial. Nearly £ÔO has been already received. It is expected that similar collections will be made throughout the police districts of the metropolitan force, THE CONVICT PATE has been removed to the Millbank Prison. We learn that he has not been subjected to the usual prison discipline. He has neither had his hair cropped, nor have his clothes been changed and instead of his being placed in a cell, he has been permitted to occupy a room belonging to an officer of the prison. Why is this P—Sunday Times. REPRESENTATION OF TAMWORTH.— At a meeting of the'ejec- tors of Tamworth borough, held on Friday evening, the follow- ing address to Sir Robert Peel was agreed to Sir, — We, the undersigned electors of the borough of Tam worth, while deeply deploring the sad event which has so suddenly snatched from us'our respected and beloved representative, feel that the time is fast approaching when we shall again be called upon to ex- ercise our elective franchise. We therefore request that you will allow yourself to be nominated as a candidate to represent this borough in parliament; and we beg to assure you of the gratification we shall derive in promoting your return as one of our representatives, without subjecting you to the inconvenience of a personal canvass, or of attending at the, hustin<,s tir Robert Peel has accepted this inviration of the cleetor., t., stand for the representation of this borough in the room of his lamented father. The election will take place to-day, but the hon. baronet, it is understood, will not appear at the hustings. There is no probabiiity of an opposition. A the present moment it would be offensive to the constituencyt
THE MURDER OF MR. ;\IAuLEVEB.EH. The three men who have for some time been in custody on suspicion of being deeply implicated in the dreadful deed, were indicted at the Armagh assizes, on Thursday, and all pleaded Not Guilty. When the jury panel was called, they refu ed to join in their challenges, and the Attorney-, eneral directed the other prisoners to be put aside and Brian Iiauiatty to be tried. The last case lasted teven hours verdict, Acquitt— the foreman stated thnt the jury entertained strong suspicions of thft prisoner's guilt. The trial of the other parties Was postponed till next a3,iz,e.
YOU AND I.
YOU AND I. Who would scorn his humble fellow For the coat he wears? For the poverty he suffers T For his daily cans 1 I Who would pass him in the footway With averted eye? NYGul(I you, brother? No, you would not. If you would-ilot I. | Who, when vice and crime, repentant, With a srief sincere Aslr.'d for pardon, would refuse it- More than Heaven severe ? Who to erring woman's sorrow Wouid with taunts reply 1 Would you, brother? No, you would not If you would—not I. Who would say that all who differ From his sect must be 1 Wicked sinners, Heaven-rejected, Sunk in Error's sea, And consign them to perdition With a holy sigh ? Would you, brother No, you would not; If you wouid—not I. Who would say that six days' cheating, > In the shop or mart, jj illight be rubb'd, by Sunday pray!Dg, From the tainted heart, If the Sunday face were solemn And the credit high ? "Would you, brother'! No, you would not, £ ■ • If you would-Hot I. Who would say that vice is virtue In a hall of state ? Or that rogues are not dishonest í It they dine off plate ? Who would say Success and Merit l' e'er palt oompany! Would you, brother o you would not if you would--iiot I. Who would give a cause his efforts, When the cause was strong, But desert it on its failure, í Whether right or wrong— Ever siding with the upmost, Letting downmost lie ? Would you, brothe" ? No, you would not. t If you would-not 1. Who would bend his arm to strengthen Warlare with the .Right? Who would give his rell to blacken Freedom's page of light ? J Who would lend his tongue to utter Praise of Tyranny ? Would you, brother ? No, you would not. If you would-Hot 1. CHARLES MACK AY.
THE OUTRAGE UPON HER MAJESTY,
THE OUTRAGE UPON HER MAJESTY, CONVICTION AND SENTENCE OF PATH. The trial of Robert Pate, late Lieutenant in the Tenth Hussars, for striking the Queen on the face with a cane, took place at the Central Criminal Court on Thursday, before Baron Alderson, Justice Pattison, and Justice Talfourd. The prisoner stood erectly in the dock with his hands behind him, and eyed the Court and spectators with cool indifference he pleaded Not Guilty," with a clear firm voice. Mr. Cockburn and Mr. Huddleston defended him. For the Crown appeared the Attorney-General, and three other gentlemen. The proofs of the assault added no new point indeed nearly at the outset Mr. Cockburn admitted the fact of the assault: the point raised by the plea was, therefore, whether or not the prisoner was of sane mind at the time of the act. To prove that he was not Air. Cockburn called sixteen witnesses, whose evidence went to show that strange conduct had been witnessed in the pri soner. Dr. Munro said I have had five interviews with Mr. Pate since this transaction, and from my own observation and what I have heard to-day I believe him to be of unsound miud. I agree with Dr. Conolly that he is not labouring under any specific delusion. By the Attorney-General I think he may have known very well what lie was doing, and have known that it was very wrong but it frequently happens with persons of diseased mind that they will perversely do what they know to be wrong. By Mr. Cockburn from all I have heard to-day and from my personal observation I am satisfied the prisoner is of un- sound mind. Mr. Baron Alderson, in summing up, said they would have 110 difficulty with regard to the fact of the prisoner having struck her Majesty or that his intention was one of those men-T tioned in the inoictment. That he intended to injure her Majesty was apparent from the fact that he actually did injure her, and that blood flowed in consequence of the blow. With regard to alarming her Majesty, probably from the natural courage of the family to which she belonged, that was not done but there was no doubt that the former count, and also the one charging an intention to break the public peace, had been clearly made out by the evidence. He would not waste their time by going through the evidence for the prosecution, because it was admitted that the prisoner had committed the act, and that if he was a man of sound mind and understanding he was rlspoiisible and whether he was so or not was the only question they had to decide. It was clear that at the present time the prisoner was perfectly sane--they began with thut fact, and the law threw upon the prisoner the onus of proving that he was in a different state at the time the offence was committed, and the jury would say whether that had been done after he had explained to them what was his opinion of the law upon the subject. Tn the first place, they must clearly understand that it was not because a man was insane that he was unpunishable, and he must say that upon this point there was generally a very grievous delusion in the minds of medical men. The only insanity which excused a man for his acts was that species of delusion which con- duced to and drove a man to commit the act alluded against him. If, for instance, a man being under the delusion that another man would kill him, killed that, man, as he supposed, for his own protection, he would be unpunishable for such an act, because it would appear that the act was done under the delusion that he could not protect. himself in any other manner, and there the particular description of insanity con- duced to the offence. But, on the other hand, if a man had the delusion that his head was made of glass, that would be no excuse for his killing a man. He would know very well that, although his head was made of glass, that was no reason why he should kill another man, and that it was a wrong act, and he would be properly subjected to punishment for that act. These were the principles which ought to govern the decision of juries in such cases. They ought to have proof of a formed disease of the mind—a disease existing before the act was committed, and which made the person accused in- capable of knowing at the time he did the act that it was a wrong act for him to do. This was the rule he should direct them to be governed by. Let them try it by this test. Did this unfortunate gentleman know it was wrong to strike the Queen on the forehead? Now. there was no doubt that he was very eccentric in his -conduct, but did that eccentricity disable him to judge whether it was right or vrong to strike the Queen ? Was eccentricity to excuse a man for any crime he might afterwards commit? It was true that after the pri- soner had committed a breach of military discipline by going away from his regiment without leave, he had been excused on account of his supposed weak state of mind, but that was no criterion for the jury, and they must adhere to the law in its strictness. The prisoner was proved to have been perfectly well aware what he had done immediately afterwards, and in the interview which he had had since with one of the mcdical gentlemen, he admitted that he knew perfectly well what he had done and ascribed his conduct to some momentary uncon- trollable impulse. The law did not acknowledge such an im- pulse if the person was aware that it was a wrong act lie was about to commit, and he was answerable for the consequences,, A man might say that he picked a pocket from some uncon- trollable impulse, and in that case the law would have an un- controllable impulse to punish him for it. What evidence was there, then, in the case to justify them in coming to the con- clusion, that when the prisoner struck the Queen, he did not know it was a wrong act—in fact, that what he was doing was wrong ? The learned judge then read over the whole of the evidence for the defence, commenting upon it as he proceeded., He went on to say, that the prisoner was an object of com- miseration was quite clear; and that he should also have been taken better care of, was equally true but the question they had here to decide was, were they satisfied that he was suffer- ing from a disease of the mind which rendered him incapable of judging whether the act he committed towards the Queen was a right or a wrong act for him to do ? If they were not satisfied of this fact, they must say that he was guilty but, on the contrary, if they thought he was not aware what he wag about, oy not capable of distinguishing between right and wrong, they would then say that he was not guilty on tha ground of insanity. The jury retired at twenty minutes past three, and did not return into court until five minutes past seven, when they gave a verdict of GUILTY. The prisoner was immediately called up for judgment. Baron Alderson addressed him to the following effect Robert Pate, the jury have found you guilty after a very long and patient inquiry, and there can be no reasonable doubt that hey have come to a right conclusion. At the same time, it is quite clear that you are a person of very eccentric habits, and in some degree differing from other men, and it is probable that it has pleased God to visit you with some mental affliction, for which you are to be pitied. The offence you have com-, mitted, however, i, one of a very serious and important character. You have been found guilty of striking a woman, which for a soldier is a very shocking thing but when it is considered that this woman was your Sovereign—that it was a lady entitled to the respect of the whole country by her viriues and her exalted position—that act which in tn ordinary case would be a very serious offence, under these circumstances becomes truly heinous. How could it happen that you, a soldier of the country, could insult one beloved by all on account, not only of her exalted station, but by her domestic virtues ? Yet she was the object of your attack, and whom you insulted by a blow. Considering the station of our family and your own position, the Court will not inflict the disgraceful punishment of whipping upon you. The Court has some respect for you, though you had no respect for others. It will still, however, be its duty to pass such a sentence upon you as will prevent you, at all events for a long period, from doing any further mischief. I would fain believe you were not in your right senses at the time you committed this act, and it has long been the boast of this country that no man of HaIlG mind could be found capable of committing an attack on his Sovereign; but at the same time I think the jury were quite' right, upon the evidence that was adduced, in not acquitting you upon the ground of insanity. Under all the circumstances the seuteneethat I feel it my duty to pronounce upon you is, that you be transported beyontl the seas for the term of SIRVEN YEARS. The prisoner heard the sentence without betraying the slightest emotion, and when the learned judge had concluded his address lie bowed to the Court, and im nediately turned roundand,without uttering a word, retired to the gaol. The trial lusted nearly nine hours.