THE PEOPLE'S APPEAL, LORDS of the Isles, ye have halls of pride, And the shads of our woods lies green and wide. Ye hold the stores of our hidden mines, Oar moorland wastes, and our mountain pines,—■ And the wealth that each deep old river pours Through a thousand valleys—all are yours; Ye own the land, and ye claim the sea, But hoill-let the people's bread be free! Free as the wide earth pours her store From age to age and from shore to shore, With a truth still found in the faithful soil, For the sower's trust and the reaper's toil: Free as waves in the summer light, O'er sunny slope and o'er boundless plain, 1 The wealth of the yet unfathered grain,- Growing in silence day and night, As it grew in the world's far youth- ere yet The spoiler's seal on its gold was set,- And grows unchanged through the bonds and fears That crowd on these weak and waning years. We have seen the corn wave's golden swell Where the pride of the forests glory fell,— We have heard the sweep of its breezy tone, ■■■■<-■ O'er storied temple and tower o'erthrown. It waves where the battle's graves are green, It grows where the peasant's hearth hath been And safe the light of your homes may be,- But Lords of the Isles, let our bread be free Their have been fair towers wrapped in flame By brands'that from dying homefires came,- And blades have reeked with the reddest stain In hands which the sickle plied in vain. Brearl for the young were they not born To the hope of that first heritaget Bread for the famine cry of age It hath gone up to the God of corn, From hamlet huts and from crowded marts, from weary hands and from withered heart*, With a fearful tale of bar and ban Laid on life stores by brother man. Bread for the living [-Fields have spread Their harvest glory above the (lead Let it gladden the homes of toiling men Till the lig-lit of their lost years comes again I -Lord3 of the Isles heap up your hoards From all that the mart or mine affords,- As wrecks are heaped in the gorgeless flea: but spare our bl'Cad,-lt its course be free! Edinburgh- F. BROWN.
#lr tmiiigg, -——* A asthmatic patient rather diffieient in orthography, wrote to his physician, lately, stating that his coffin had returned, avid desired to know what he should do to which the doctor replied, By all means send it back to the undertaker." THEKE is an editor in this country, who has had his heart Tended 732 times, according to an accurate calculation we have just made. Nearly every item commences, "It was truly heart-rending," &c. We hope he will survive.—American ItsYjfOLOs, the dramatist, observing to a friend the thinness of the house at the performance of oie of his own plays, added that he supposed it was owing to the war. No, replied the other, it is owing to the piece. WE have a man in Mississippi so lean that he make no shadow --at all. A rattlesnake struck six times at his legs in vain, and retired in disgust. He makes all hungry who look at him nnd when children meet him in the street, they all run home crying for bread. He was "ruled out" of a company which started for California lately, lest his presence should increase the sufferings of the already starving country,—American Paper, AT a church in Scotland, where there was a popular call for a minister, as it is termed, two candidates offered to preach, tvhose names were Adam and Low. The latter preached irt the morning, and took for his text, "Adam where art thou r" lie it-ade a very excellent discourse, and the congregation were very much edified. In the afternoon, Mr. Adam preached upon the words, Lo, here am I." The impromtu and the sermon gained him the appointment. TUE BLeaM OF AGE.—A good woman never grows old. Years may pass over her head, but, if benevolence and virtue dwell in her heart, she is as cheerful as when the spring of life first opened to her view. When we look upon a good woman, we never think of her age; she looks as charming as when the rose of youth first bloomed on her clieek, That rose has not faded yet it will never fade. In her neighbourhood, she is the friend and benefactor. Who does not respect and love the woman who has passed her days in acts of kindness and mercy —who has been the friend of man and God—whose whole life has been a scene of kindness and love, and a devotion to truth? We repeat, such a woman cannot grow old. She will always be fresh and buoyant in spirits, and active in humble deeds of mercy and benevolence. If the young lady desires to retain the bloom and beauty or youth, let her not held to the sway of fashion and folly let her love truth and virtue; and to the close of life she will retain those feelings which now mafie life appear a garden of sweets—ever fresh and ever new. C,[ ARA C'rgltlS'rICS OF THE FiiE;,ici-r. -They will not lay aside their national vanity for ten minutes at a time, nor speak to I one as one of themselves. They cannot forget for a moment that you are of a different nation. To be everlastingly annoyed with glory on all occasions, in philosophical discussions of the institute, in medical lectures, and everywhere else, is too much cf a good'thing. Put glory where glory should be but glory and philosophy-make a curious compound, and glory and glau- ber salts are more ridiculous still. There is a difference between the conformation of the forehead of a French man and a French ii the former slopes backwards from the nose rapidly, in- dicating deficiency in the reflective organs, while the woman's forehead is much more perpendicular. This remark is correct; and the fact that in Paris, women exercise a greater influence in proportion to that wielded by men, than women do in cor- responding situations in England, harmonizes with it. This difference is the developement of the reflective organs in the male and female heads doe3 not generally prevail in the latter country,—Dr. Combe's Life and Correspondence. A WRITER on swearing says that an oath from a woman is un- c;r natural and discreditable, and he should as soon expect a bullet from a rosebud. A" American traveller, on his return from California, through Mexico, was stopped near a town by three men, who plundered his saddle bags. Finding among their contents a ball of scented soap, they divided it into three parts, and each swallowed his share, imagining that it was some foreign and rare confection. MOUNTAIN- LIFE IN MERIONETHSHIRE.—The mountain dis- tricts are marked by many long cwms, or peaty vallies, through which rivers run sluggishly before defending to the glens or low- lands. Farm-houses are scattered along the sides of the hills which from these cwms, the inhabitants of f/hieh are a simple pastoral people. They depend almost entirely on sheep and cattle—on wool and the produce of the dairy—for support.; for they are often unable to mise sufficient oats and potatoes for family Tire. Dealers visit them periodically, who purchase their produce in the lump; and with these exceptions, except at country fairs and merrymakings, a family rarely sees a human being besides its neighbours, Mountain farms are not measured by acres, but by the number of cattle or "sheeps they may be considered able to tnlantain. Some farmers keep large flocks of the latter one in tHe bUs between Trawsfynycid and Bala maintained, on a farm icntedat about £70 more than 1,200 sheep another in the same district, who only paid £15 rent, kept, we are told, 200 of these small h aidy creatures. Goats were reared in great numbers until a recent eriod but they do not pay so well as sheep, and, where plantations exist injure bark. The mode of life is primitive. The servants iive ill-tlle farm-house, the men usually sleeping in a small i uihling attached. The master's family and the servants dine in the kitchen together, but at separate tables. In the winter even. ings alt assemble in thedeeplyreeesged •' ingle-nook "after work which is lighted by a home-made rush candle, placed in a curious candle-stick of ancient pattern, suspended in the centre of the mantle-piece. One of the rushes, which is dipped in tallow and pared round, with the exception of a narrow strip barns rather belter than half an hour, but requires frequent moving Whiis-t ttnrs assembled, the people prepare those candles, spin, knit, sew, or cut wooden spoons, &c, At eight o'clock, after the men have looked to the horses, supper is laid the Bible is afterwards read for some time, and a little after nine all retire to rest. They rise in winter between five and six. A sort of porridge serves for breakfast; and flummery (llymnt) serves for supper. The latter ia made by adding as much warm water to finely-ground oatmeal as it can well absorb, to which sour buttermilk, leaven, or other ferment is added and in three or four days' time more warm water is put in to make it thin enough to strain through a hair sieve, and it is boiled, after which it is ready for use the slight fermentation it undergoes during its infusion gives it a pleasant aridity* wh ich contrasts well with the sweetness of the milk with [ which it is generally eaten. The almost universal fuel is peat, .1.5 much of the clothing required is made at home as possible, t including plaids. A water-wheel is attached to the • if n:oun.ta!n dairy-farms to churn. with. The dwellings of the peasantry are generally rude in the extreme.— CUJfe's Book of fiorih Wales,
tomii Jflcmø. SIR R. PEEL'S HonsE.-It is stated that the horse from which Sir R. Peel received his fatal fall was bought at Tai- tersalls' on the 22nd of April last, by Mr. "Beckett Denison, and intended to be offered to Sir Robert Peel. Mr. Denison rode him daily for a week. He met the troops with their bands playing, as well as omnibuses and carriages in Picadilly —all which the horse passed without showing the smallest disposition to shy. Mr. Denison insisted upon Sir Robert riding him for a week before he decided on keeping him. He did so, and then requested he might have him. The hor,.e had been regularly hunted, was eight years old, and had been ridden by Lord Villiers, who thought lie would suit his father-in-law exceedingly well. For the Ltst two months Sir Robert had ridden this horse regularly. OPENING OF THE VICTORIA DOCK AT IIUI.L.-This new dock was opened on Wednesday with the usual formalities. At the time of high water, about 11 o'clock, the lock gates were opened, a task which was not accomplished without some difficulty, in consequence of the stormy state of the weather. The approach of the Trinity House yacht, which was the first vessel to enter, was hailed with loud cheers by the assembled multitude other vessels, yachts and steamers, following in her wake. RELEASE OF FUSSELI,, THE CHARTIST LEADER.—Last week an order was despatched from the Home-office to Lieutenant Tracey, the governor of the House of Correction, Tothill-fields, Westminster, intimating that her Majesty had been pleased to remit the unexpired term (rather more than three months) of the sentence pronounced at the Old Bailey in 1848 upon Fussell, who with others, was convicted of sedition, and the prisoner will be discharged as soon as he provides the sureties required by the sentence. The term of imprisonment to which Ernest Jones was sentenced will expire on the 11th instant. OFFICIAL CHANGES.—Mr. Tufuell retires from the Treasury; Mr. Hayter takes his position. Mr. George C. Lewis, now Under Secretary for the Home Department, succeeds Mr. Hayter, and the Hon. Ed. Bouverie, the member of Kilmar- nock, goes to the Home-office, ANOTHER OCEAN STEAMER.—LAUNCH OF THE AFIUCA.—On Friday, at half-past two o'clock, a magnificent new steam ship, the Africa, was launched from the building-yard of R. Steel, Esq., Greenock. She forms the ninth of the great Cunard line of ocean steamers, and is of the same size and construction as the Asia, lately launched from the same yaid. A considerable concourse of spectators was present, and the stately vessel took the. water in splendid style. The Africa will be at the Broomielaw in the course of a few days, in order to have her machinery fitted. She registers 2,250 tons, and her engines' like those of the -4sia, are 800 horses power. Two young ladies, whose names are given as Miss Almira Fraim and Miss Mary Ward, have become regular students in the Medical Department of the Memphis Institute, America. A MR. FESSENDEN, of Boston, has invented a pocket filter, by means of which the traveller may suck up pure water from the ponds and streams, or even the puddles, which he may encounter on his way. SIR LANCELOT SHADWELL is convalescent, and it is now pro- bable that he will be able to resume his public duties before the vacation. THE French Navy, on the 1st of January last, consisted of 115 vessels in commission; and it is proposed in the budget for the year 1851 that the ships in commission be reduced to 125 vessels. ARCTIC EXPEDITION. Accounts from the west coast of South America, mention that her Majesty's ships, Enterprise and Investigator, has passes through the Straits of Magellan. AMATEUR HANGING.—On Sunday week two nshermen be. longing to Stourport were drinking at the Cross public-house, when one Levi Rowley, a man thirty years of age, intimated to the other, Josiah Burton, who is much his junior, that he was tired of the troubles of the world, and would hang himself. Dur- ton offered at once to be his executioner, and, accordingly, they procured a piece of rope, and adjourned to a neighbouring tree. Rowley got up upon a block of wood, and Burton soon had the rope fixed to bough and neck, then, kicking the wood away, he started his friend upon his journey to another world. He then returned to the public-house, and told his other companions what he had so cleverly performed, but nobody believed that he was telling the truth, so nobody moved. Burton presently went out again alone, and found that the features of his friend had un- dergone considerable change, so he thought he had better cut him down, and ascertain if lie still was serious in his determina- tion to bid farewell to mortal things. This cutting down was, however, a work of difficulty, as his knife was dull, but at last he succeeded, and laid his companion upon the turf; but believing that the insensibility which the hanging man exhibited to be all sham, he again staggered into the house and left him to his faie. The other people in the house, thinking at last that something serious might really have occurred, went out and found Kowley apparently dead. They immediately got him in doors, and after using the proper means for recovering him, they at last succeeded. It is said that he is now resigned to life. Loss OF JAPE ON THE GOODWIN SANDS.—DEAL, JUNE 20,— Disastrous as the late storm of thunder and lightning has proved in different parts of the country, in no place was its consequences more destructive to life and property, unfortu- nately, than on this part of the coast. Amongst the many casualties, we may notice two, which took place on the Good- win. At daybreak a large schooner, since ascertained to have been the Fame, Mr. Kerr, master, bound, it is said, to Bayonne, and a large. French fishing-boat, were descried to be on the sands. A crew of brave boatmen manned the Paul Pry lug- ger, and, having launched her, they made their way to the stranded vessels. After much difficulty they succeeded in reaching the Fame, and rescuing the whole of the crew, to- gether with the master's wife and two children, who were on board taking a trip to Spain. A laudalle effort was then made to preserve the unhappy creatures "on board the French lugger, who numbered in all, as far as could be seen of them, about thirty. Unhappily the lugger had struck on that part of the sand which is inaccessible, and a tremendous sea breaking upon them rendered all attempts to rescue the poor fellows fruitless. Nothing has been seen of them or their craft since by the numerous vessels which coast about. The provincial reports forwarded to the London offices of the different in- surance companies, by their respective agents, give a length- ened detail of misfortunes resulting from the storm. In°the eastern portion of Kent much miichicf was done, but we do not hear of any injury to life. In Berkshire, Oxfordshire, Hampshire, Surrey, &c., there was similar havoc, and much valuable property fired by the electric fluid. THE APPROACHING PEACE CONGRESS AT FRANKFORT-ON-THE MAINE,—The Hev. H. Richard and Mr. Elihu Burritt have pro- ceeded to the Continent to complete the arrangements for holding the Peace Congress in Frankfort, in August next. They have already visited Paris and Brussels, for the purpose of renewing the interest in both those places, and have been received with the most lively cordiality. At Paris they met and conferred with a number of leading men, among whom were MM. Victor Hugo, Horace Say, Girardin, Coquerel, Chevalier, &c., &e,, by whom it has been resolved to apply to the Minister of the Interior for per- mission to hold a public meeting at the Hotel de Villei or the Chamber of Peers, for the purpose of ejecting delegates to the Frankfort Congress, among whom were expected to be influential members of the French Assembly. At Brussels they were equally gratified, the active Committee there having resolved on con- voking a meeting of delegates from the various Belgian towns, in order to spread the interest in the movement as widely as possible. They have now proceeded to Frankfort to complete the arrange- iere, and expect shortly to be joined by M. Visschers from Brussels, and with him to visit Hanover, Cologne, Berlin, and other German towns, to further the movement in these direc- tions. Hitherto :.hey have been received with most distinguished regard, and from all that at present appears it may be anticipated that the Frankfort Congress will fully sustain and increase the interest created on the Continent in favour of permanent and universal peace. THE BEIUIONDSEY MURKER,—The whole of the affair con- nected with the Bermondsey murder has been settled by he treasury. It may be recollected that, shortly after the execution of the Mannings, all the property found on the convicts and in Scotland, and the railway shares, was delivered over to tl)e crown to be disposed of. That portion belonging to the mur- dered man was paid to his- relatives, and the remainder, which was clearly established to be the property of Manning and his wife, was retained until some settlement could be made re- specting the expenses of their defence. Mr. Birms, the solicitor for Manning, and Mr. Solomon, the solicitor for his wife, re- ceived instructions some time ago to send in their respective accounts, and last week letters were sent to them, requesting their attendance at the treasury. On Saturday those legal gentleman had aa inter view with Mr. Maule, and received pay- ment of their accounts. The French Rents have been disposed of, and the other property has been handed over to Manning's relatives. t.
REVIEW OF THE BRITISH CO UN TRADE. The weather has not been altogether favourable since our last for the growing grain crops. Early in the week high winds were experienced in most parts of the kingdom, by which more or lesa mischief was done, the crops having been a good deal beaten down and lodged thereby. Whether this will lead to ultimate in- jury to the quality, or detract from the productiveness of the bar- vest, will in a great measure depend on the character of the weather hereafter. Should it now become fine, the crops would probably regain an upright position, and no harm would result; but much ram would certainly act injuriously. Previous to Thursday there was little wet, and in some (listriets the want of moisture was be- ginning to be severely felt by all Lent-sown corn and pulse. On Thursday we had nearly twelve hours of steady rain in this neigh- bourhood, and by the advices since received we find that this was likewise the case in the midland and most of the western couuties; east of the metropolis the showers appear to have been more par- tial. Though, wheat would probably have done quite as well without so heavy a fall of wet, there can be no doubt that the general effect was beneficial, and that, if followed by hot suushine, even the first-named crop would not in any way be injured thereby so susceptible, however, are all parties at this period of tbt, year, that a wet day or two are almost sure to increase the firmness of holders, and to render those whose stocks are running somewhat short, uneasy and anxious. We are therefore not by any means surprised that the effects of Thursday's rain should have been a rise in the value of wheat in some of the farmers' markets in those parts of the country where the greatest quantity fell. This ad- vance was not caused by the belief that any mischief had been done, but in anticipation of what might be the consequence of a continuance of wet, cold weather. The arrivals of foreign grain and flour have not been particu- larly heavy since our last, hut towards the close of the past week large supplies were received at some of the ports on the coast. At Liverpool the receipts from the 24th ult., to the 1st instant exceeded 30,000 qrs. wheat, IS,000 qrs. Indian coin, and 13,000 sacks and 11,000 barrels flour. With such plentiful arrivals of foreign produce, business was naturally somewhat heavy at that port on Tuesday; still good qualities of wheat were scarcely lower than before, and the abatement on secondary kinds were only Id. per 701bs. Indian corn was more pressingly offered, and was obtainable at a reduction of Is. to Is. 6d. per 4801bs., whilst flour, was 6d. to Is. per sack and barrel cheaper. On Friday sellers were less disposed to realise than earlier in the week, and the decline on wheat was recovered. By the advices from the other large consuming towns in the north, it appears that though purchasers had acted with much caution, no concession had been made and at Hull and Leeds on Tuesday, Birmingham and Bristol on Thursday, and at Wake. field on Friday, prices were fully high as before. Our letters from Scotland speak less favourably of the weather this week than previously still the crops in that country are reported to be progressing auspiciously. The supplies of wheat at Edinburgh and Glasgow were short on Wednesday, and quite as much money was made for fine wheat as on that day se'nnight. In Ireland violent gales were experienced on Sunday night and Monday morning, and subsequently heavy rain. The change in the weather had given rise to some uneasiness in regard to the crops, and had caused sellers of wheat to demand enhanced terms at several of the leading markets. Of Indian corn the quantity on sale had proved more than equal to the demand, and the tendency of prices had consequently continued downwards. The arrivals of wheat coastwise into the port of London have been on the same limited scale this week as for some time past, only 1,562 qrs. having been reported up to this (Saturday) even- ing, The quantity exhibited at Mark Lane, by land-carriage samplss from the neighbouring counties, has also been scanty, and sellers have consequently shown no disposition to accept lower terms. On Wednesday the demand was decidedly slow, but the few sales made were at similar rates to those current in the beginning of the week. Subsequently the inquiry underwent some slight improvement, and the paucity of the supply pre- vented much business being done, the trade finished very firmly on Friday, with the turn rather against the buyer. The arrivals of wheat from abroad have been tolerably good, but not so liberal as the preceding week. A considerable por- portion of what was then received having, however, remained Unsold. We have had an ample display of samples from on board ship, and a fair quantity offered from granary. The local inquiry has not at any period been active, many of the principal millers continuing-to. receive a large portion of what they require direct from abroad. The country demand has been somewhat more active than of late, still the transactions have not been by any means extensive* A few small lots were taken on Wednesday, by buyers from the western- part of the kingdom, at previous rates, and on Friday some further purchases were made flir the same destination, which, with a slight speculative inquiry, imparted a degree of activity to business to which we have not lately been accustomed still no advance could be established. In the value of town-manufactured flour no change has occurred, and though the price of the article is relatively lower than that of wheat, the bakers have bought with considerable caution. Fresh country-made samples have met a moderate degree of attention, and have been held fully as high as before. The imports from France have been rather small of late, and the stocks of foreign-manufactured flour on the wharves is much red the finer sorts have consequently crept up more or less, and the business done since Monday has been at terms fully equal to those then current. Of home-grown barley only 62 qTs. have come to hand during the week, and in the absence of more important supplies, quo- tations have remained nominally unaltered. The quantity of i" foreign barley on the market is, however, sufficient for present wants, and since the weather has become showery there has been less inclination to buy this grain, purchasers having been satisfied with taking just enough to provide for their immediate use holders have, nevertheless, remained very firm, and full terms have been asked and obtained. The operations in malt have been on a strictly retail scale, and no change requiring notice has occurred in prices of that article. The arrivals of oats from our own coast have been perfectly insignificant, only 233 qrs, English wheat have come to hand. From abroad we have to report a fair supply, viz., 8,778 qrs., but of this quantity only a very small proportion has come forward in even tolerable condition, most of the cargoes having got more or less heated on the vogage; and this having also been the case with much of the previous receipts, good serviceable corn is far from plentiful. Fresh qualities, whether of home or foreign growth, have therefore commanded full prices and though the weather has recently been auspicious for the growing crop, the rates insisted on on Friday were quite as high as those paid in the beginning of the week. Beans have excited little attention, but factors have manifested no particular anxiety to realise, and we have no change to report in prices. The demand for peas has been slow, still buyers have been unable to secure what they have required at less money than before. The dull reports from Ireland relative to Indian corn, and the decline which the value of the article has recently undergone at Liverpool, have rendered parties hers more tractable still but few bargains in floating cargoes have been closed, and it is diiiicult to say what the exact price is at present,—Mark Lane Express.
ONE HUNDHED AND TWENTY MEMBEKS of the Reform Club have invited Viscount Palmerston to a dinner of congratulation on the late discussion in Parliament, His lordship has accepted the invitation. APPIIOACHING MARIIIAGE IN HIGH Lipp,It is stated that Major Edwardes, C.B., is about to lead to the hymeneal aital- an accomplished and youthful lady, who the gallant officer will shortly take with him to the East. THE ATTACK ON THE QUEEN.—Robert Pate was finally committed on Friday, and will be tried at the approaching sessions, which commenced last Monday, at the Old Bailey, It was perfectly competent for the law advisers of the crown to have indicted him for high treason—the act of striking at the sacred person of her Majesty amounting in the old law to no less a crime. It has been decided, however, to proceed under the new act, which has special reference to this class of- cases, in which it is found that "striking at" the person of the sovereign is named as one of the misdemeanours punishable uoder this more humane enactment by seven years' transpor- tation, or by an imprisonment not exceeding three years, ac- eooipanied by public or private whipping, not exceeding thrice, at the option of the judges who pass the sentence. The prisoner will therefore be immediately arraigned, and in all probability there will be no further delay in the trial and punishment. It is understood that the prisoner will not apply for bail. The crown has acted with becoming leniency in abandoning the capital charge. The prisoner will have the advantage of the very best legal advice, and the highest talent for his defence—a license to plead for him, which is- required for Queen's counsel when appearing against the crown, having been applied for and obtained to ena.ble Mr. Cockburn to con- duct his case, All that can be done will therefore of course be but we believe the course adopted by the crown in the matter will simplify the result into tit: easiest possible, solution,—Observer,
RESULTS OF FREE TRADE. THIS quarterly returns of the revenue exhibit results quite in accordance with the monthly reports of the board of Trade, the accounts we daily receive from the manufacturing districts and other indications of national prosperity. In the quarter just ended, the Customs have produced more than in the corresponding quarter last year, notwithstanding the lower scale of sugar duties in operation during the last twelvemonth* It will be remembered that owing to this and other causes, when the Chancellor of the Exchequer,, early in the sessions, announced his estimate for the year ending April 5, 1851, he reckoned on 4100,000 less for the whole year, and of course a proportionate decrease in the quarter just ended. The actual improvement, therefore, is all the more remarkable. It ia owing to an increase consumption of sugar, brandy and other spirits, wine, tea, foreign butter, wood, and some other miscel- laneous articles, while the consumption of forcing corn, coffee, tabacco, currents, and silk manufactures, lias, sensibly dimi- nished, The increase of receipts for the quarter on. sugar alone- has been .nearly £ 100,000. On the, quarter's.Excise there lias- been a still more decided increase, it being £ 304,628- more than in the same quarter last year it may, however, be partly ascribed to the postponement of the hop duties last vear, to the inferior quality of the barley crop in 1818, and some other temporary causes. On Malt the increase for the quarter just ended has been not less that t 150,000, on hops. and about the same on spirits while there has also- been an in. crease on paper and soap. In the quarter's Stamps there is a slight decrease, the receipts being less than in the same quarter last year by f 28,930. It occurs on legal instruments, and may be ascribed to the expected alteration in the duties upon them. In the quarter's Land tnd Assessed Taxes there is li-i increase of ZIS,,551, arising, we believe, from a greater punc- tuality of payment. A trifling decrease of £6,405 in the quarter's Property Tax, is owing to the circumstance, that in Scotland, the tax has been collected earlier than last year The receipts of the Post-office are £14,000 more than in the same quarter last year, and F, 11,334 more is returned in tho Miscellaneous items. The Commissioners of Woods and Forests, with becoming modesty, gave the same figure under the bead of Crown Lands," as in July, last year, °The result of all the above items is, that, on the ordinary revenue of the quarter, the total increase is no less then £ 518,104. By taking into account the extraordinary items of the revenue this in- crease is raised to £ 561,584, Passing from the comparison of quarter with quarter, and comparing the whole year just ended, with that ending July 5, 1849, we again find a decided improvement. In the Customs, indeed, there is a decrease of £ 70,580, owing, as has been pointed out on a former occasion, to the diminished receipts on corn, sugar, and some other items. In the Excise the increase is £ 900,423 to which spirits have contributed about £ 490,000 malt £ 240,000, hops £ 50,000, paper £ 47,000, and soap £ 35,000.* In the Stamps the increase is 4222,091, arising chiefly from legacy duties and fire insurances. To increased punctuality of payment again we must ascribe the improvement in the year's receipts from Land and Assessed Taxes, to the extent of £ 12,030. The £ 97,760 set down as increase on the Property Tax arises from the most satisfactory causey-viz., the improve- ment and increase of the property liable to taxation. The Post-office for the year exhibits a decrease of Ea2,000, arising as we have formerly had occasion to observe, from extensions of Post-office accomodation, and from the payment of some arrears. The total improvement of the ordinary income of the whole year just ended, as compared with that of the pre- vious year, is £ 1,164,904, which, on our taking into account the extraordinary items, is increased to LI,21,5,867, With regard to the present state of the Treasury, it appears, from another part of the returns before us that the clear surplus of the quarter, after providing for charges on the Consoli- dated Fund, and for payment of supply service in England, ilf. 1:621,051, Whatevei- the exact import of this statement, we believe that the avaiiable surplus is such as probably to dis- pense with the aid of deficiency bills. It appears also that the Exchequer is at last drawing in its hand in the matter of "Advances," for though on the whole year just ended they amount to XI,462,759 against £ 1,191,757 in the previous year,, on the quarter just ended they only amount to 1:291,823 against £ 393,077 in the same quarter last year. We should be the last to hail the symptoms of returning prosperity without any reference to its source for we cannot. think a population necessarily improving in any sense simply because it spends more. The present increase of expenditure,, however, -tppearg to, be of a safe and regular kind. It is not owing to the construction of railways, for the monthly amount of calls is now generally less than two-thirds of what it was last year. Nor is it owing to what may be called an imaginary conceit of wealth, a species of false credit, founded on the exag- gerated value of railway shares, for both the selling price and the dividends of raihvay shares are considerably less than they were in the early.part of last year, l'here is, too, just now a singular absence of speculation, and an almost excessive dis. trust of any enterprise out of the beaten track of trade. Indeed, the returns of the Board of Trade prove this to be the case, for though the increase of exports in the month inelucle-d in the last return is larger than on any former occasion, it is not less remarkable for the perfect uniformity with which it is distri- buted through all departments of business, as tiie reader might see by merely casting his eye down the table of exports in our city intelligence of yesterday. So far from our being at this moment in advance of our income, and incurring obligatian beyond the reasonable hope of performance, we are in danger of plethora or accumulation of capital—a state of things harm- less enough in itself, but generally ending in an unsound exten- sion of credit, in excessive speculation, extravagance, eventual collapse, and final ruin. It is possible that no amount of warn., ing will avert the frequent recurrence of these commercial disasters,, for they appear as recurrent and as periodical as colds," influenzas," and other such personal or epidemic visitations. There are cycles in the social as there are in the celestial system. We can only hope that by the aid of ex- perience and judicious advice these visitations, or rather these follies, wiH become each return less severe, and that the day may come when we shall no more see a whole population of seripholders of defaulters than we shall ever see again a popu- lation half destroyed by the smallpox,— Thnes of July 6.
COAt- TRADE OF GREAT BRITAIN.—There are upwards of 3,000 coal mines in Great Britain, which employ nearly 250,000 men, women, and boys, underground and above,termed hewers, putters, trappers, overlookers, bankmen, &c. The capital in- vested in working stock, tramways, staiths, and harbours, alto- gether exceeds £ 30,000,000 in value and the get of coal," as it is technically termed, amounts to 3-4,000,000 tons an- nually the estimated value of which, at the pit's mouth," ia £ 10,000,000, Of this enormous quantity of coal one-third ia raised in the Northumberland and Durham districts, from whence the chief exports of the kingdom are made by the rivers Tyne, Wear, and Tees, both foreign and c'oastw^ys. The chief points of home consumption are in the ironworks of Stafford- shire, South W ales, and the West of Scotland which, with the lesser works of North Wales, Shropshire, Yorkshire, and Derbyshire, consume nearly one-third of the whole. The residue is consumed in smaller manufactures generally, such as those of cotton and woollen, the salt works, &e. and by the population of large towns for domestic pii Coal Traffic, by Braithwaite Poole, Esq., F.R.S. ANOTHER LETTISH 11110-4 THE Duxp,Tlie Liverpool Journal says Mrs. Davies, well known in Liverpool as the accomplished lady who at one period, was directress of the Blackburne-house school, made an application some time since to the Duke of Wei- iington, preferring her claim as the daughter of an officer who had served with bis grace through the peninsular war, and requesting his''patronage''for a volrune she was about to bring out. The answer has been handed to us, in order to how, in contrast with other late replies from the same quarter, that the duke can couch a refusal in courteous terms. The letter, dated Strathfieldsaye," is as follows "The Duke of Wel- lington presents- his compliments to Mrs. Davies. He by no means doubts that any publication from her would deserve any patronage. More than 20 years have elapsed since others suffered from the duke having incautiously what ia called given his partronage to a work of which the title and prospectus indicated nothing but what tvas proper. The duke had but a choice cf one of two things—either to examine every work before he should, what is called, patronize it, or decline to give, what is called, his- patronage, to any work whatever,, from that time? forwards. The deke's various avocations, professional and other, induced him to adopt the latter course, as he really had not bars time for the efficient execution of that first mentioned. In the coarse of the period which had elapsed since that time, the duke has had hundreds, nay, thousands of applications from persons of all classes and degrees but he has not in any one instance departed from the course which he has laid down for the guide of his own conduct. Tho.ve whom he had heretofore refused would llave reason to complain of the duke, if, in confidence ire Mrs, Davies, he was to depart from the course which be ha<j adopted, and in adhering- to which he has invariably persevered.