-n_ NEWPORT- GWASTAD BRIDGE.—A new Bridge is about to be erected at the Marshes Gate, in the room of the present mean and incon- venient structure. The new biidge is to be the full width of the roads on each side and on the level with them, and the plans show a neat and substantial erection. It is to be built under the superintendence of Benjamin James, Esq., the County Surveyor, and tenders will be advertised for immediately. It is estimated to cost from £ 500 to £ 600. MALPAS CHURCH.—This neat and handsome structure is now completed, and is generally admired. No day is yet fixed for the consecration, but we believe it will take place about the 25tli inst. THE WEATHER.—The late rains have been rather unfavourable for the hay, but we have not heard of much being spoilt about Newport; otherwise no more desirable weather could be wished for. The wheat looks remarkably well everywhere, and as there is now every appearance of warm and genial weather setting in, we may hope for at least an average harvest. LAYING THE FOUNDATION STONE OF THE NEW INDEPENDENT CHAPEL, IN DOCK-STREET. These proceedings commenced yesterday (Thursday) by a public breakfast, which was laid out in the large room of the Town-hall, which had been gaily decorated with flags and evergreens. Between two and three hundred ladies and gentlemen sat down. The breakfast was admirably served, forming a strong contrast to the dinner given r, 9 on another occasion by the same body. After due honour had been done to it, the liev. Mr. Barfield, pastor of the chapel, ad- dressed the meeting and gave a short and succint history of the endeavours of the congregation, lasting over many years; to provide a new and more commodious structure, in the place of the present mean and inconvenient building. He then called upon Mr. Lewis, who, in his speech, gave a statement of the financial prospects of the new building, by which it appears that, in additon to 1:1,123 in hand, the promises in which it was s'lfe to calculate give about f500 more and he concluded by stating that there was little doubt that the new building would be completed with but a trifling debt in reserve. The llovs. Messrs. Gillman, Rees, Owen Owens, Alien, &c., on behalf of the different dissenting bodies of Newport and its neighbour- hood, delivered addresses expressing their sympathy and good wishes with the undertaking. The company then adjourned to the site of the new chapel, in Dock-street, where the founda- tion stone lay ready slung on the front facing the street. On a brass plate resting on the stone was engraved the following in- scription —" The foundation stone of this chapel was laid by Joseph Corsbie, Esq., 11th July, I S50." A hymn having been i given out and sung, the Rev. Mr. Barfield addressed the com- pany. explaining the principles of Independence and the inten- tion of the new structure, and concluded an eloquent and lucid discourse by stating the unanimous wish of the Hope" con- gregation that Joseph Corsbie, Esq. should lay the first stone. Mr. Corsbie, having responded to this request, spread the mor- tar with the accustomed ceremonies, and the stone was duly lowered in its place. After prayers from Messrs. Gillman and Barfield the proceedings terminated. We have already given a description of the new chapel in former papers suffice it, therefore, to say that it will be a creditable and handsome structure and an ornament to the town of Newport.
lllUDGEXD. George T. Clarke, Esq., Superintending Inspector under the General Board of Health, attended the meeting held at the Town-hall, on Wednesday week, for the purpose ofassertaining if there were any objection by the inhabitants of the town to the Report published by him, respecting the sanitary condition of Bridgend, in which he recommended that the town should be placed under the provisions of thellealth of Towns Aet. Mr. Clarke was met by the Hev. J. Harding, M.A,, the Rev. II. L. Blosse, W. Lewis, Esq., Solicitor, J. Randall, Esq., Messrs. T. Lewis, Price, Edwards, Stockwood, Marks, and several other inhabi- tants of the town. Several of those present, expressed their fears relative to the expense which would be incurred by adopting the measures proposed in the report-and they also wished to know, in the event of the Act being adopted, and a Local Board formed, if it would become compulsory upon the inhabitants. to carry out each suggestion contained in the Report, Mr. C,y in reply, stated that the Local Board, when once formed, would have the entire control pf the sewerage, &c., in the town, and it would remain optional with them to adopt as much or little of his suggestion as they thought fit. A general conversation here took place, as to the benefits to be derived by the operation of the Act. Several questions were also asked relative to the rating, &c.; to which Mr. C. gave clear and satisfactory replies. It was also proposed to enlarge the district, by taking in some land situate on the north of the town, to which Mr. C. assented. Mr. C. then stated that in consequence of the pressure of business at the London office, and the delay which had consequently taken place, it would be impossible to put Bridgend under the operation of th Act until the next sessions of Parliament. Much regret was mani- fested by this unexpected delay. The meeting then broke up, each expressing himself highly satisfied with the day's pro- ceedings. THE inconvenience arising from the closing the Post-office on Sundays, is already being felt in this town. So much so that it has induced Mr. David Ballard, Druggist, to draw up a petition to the following effect TO TIIU COMMONS OF GltEAT BRITIAN, IN PARLIAMENT ASSEMBLED. Your petitioners, inhabitants of Bridgend, in the county of Glamorgan, have seen with regret that on a resolution of your honourable House, the Ministers have directed the dis- continuance of the delivery of letters on Sunday, throughout the kingdom. They beg to state that a continuance of this suspension of the Sunday post, will be attended with great inconvenience to your petititioners, and pray that your honour- able house will rescind the resolution on which the Ministerial order has been founded at the earliest possible moment. The petition has been signed by upwards of 3u0 of the inhabitants. On Sunday afternoon last, a large concourse of people met together for the purpose of witnessing the rite of baptism administered to three persons of this neighbourhood by the Rev. J. P. Jones, pastor of the English Baptist Congregation of this town. The Rev. Davis, of Merthyr, addressed those assembled in English and Welsh, relative to the object of their meeting in a neat and very appropriate manner. In alluding to the denomina- tion called Baptists he hoped that those present would not for one moment suppose that either himself or any of his brethren in the ministry believed or preached that baptism by immersion was in any wise essential to salvation, but believed it to be a rite claiming the same regard by believers in the gospel of Christ, as the Lord's supper inasmuch as they were both instituted" by the divine command. The meeting throughout was one of great interest. ON Wednesday evening last a meeting of the members of the Mechanics' Institute was held at their room, Bridgend, for the pur- pose of taking into consideration the proposition made by Joseph llume, M.P., relative to the erection of a public monument to the memory of late Sir Robert Peel, Bart., by means of a penny subscription. The members felt that it was a duty incumbent upon them to co-operate in this cause it was then proposed and carried that subscription papers should be opened at several of the shops of the prineipal tradesmen of the town. THE peaceful village of St. Donuatts, has been thrown into great commotion in consequence of a woman named Margaret Richards committing suicide. It appears the unfortunate woman had gone as was supposed for a message, her long absence caused enquiry, which led to a search, when she was found in an outhouse suspended to a beam when cut down life was extinct.
SWANSEA. CVMBRUN INSTITUTION FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB,—Mr, Rhind, the Principal of this Institution, has just returned from a visit made to the South Wales auxiliaries of the society, and it is with much pleasure we learn the cordiality with which he has been received as a Deputation from the Swansea Committee, and that the interest hitherto taken in the institution is daily gaining ground. In the course of his tour Mr. Rhind has visited Neath, Cardiff, Merthyr Tydvil, Crickhowell, B.recon, Llandovery, Llan- dilui Carmarthen, Tenby, Pembroke Dock, Pembroke, Milford, II'West, Fishguard, Newport, Narbetli, and Llanelly, in most of which places public meetings, on behalf of the society, have been held, and in all the greatest satisfaction has been expressed at the removal of the establishment from Aberystwith to Swansea, making it more generally accessible, without trouble, from all parts of Wales. This is the more necessary, from the large number of deaf and dumb children distributed over all parts of the country, amounting to no less than 700 and applications are being daily received at the institution to admit additional boarders; and already arrangements have been made to receive several who will pay for their board, thus making their maintenance no ex- pense to the society. But there are many—alas too many, scattered over the land without friends, who are unable to provide the snm necessary for their reception and it will be for the an- nual meeting to decide next month how many free inmates the funds will allow to be added to the present number. The col- lections made by Mr. Rhind amounted to £.50 this, exclusive of the sums otherwise collected by auxiliaries—Llandovery itself --> having sent this year upwards of £ 50, of which one lady herself collected twenty guineas—an example worthy of imitation by the fair sex, and which we cannot but urge on their attention. To make this institution what it should be—the domicil and asylum for at least eighty or a hundred destitute children—much must be done but already, from the efforts put forth, and the kindly spirit of sympathy elsewhere manifest, we see the dawnings of that entire prosperity and advancement, and shall not rest satisfied until it be fully accomplished. ALTERATION OF THE MAILS.—Through the prompt courtesy of the hon. member for Swansea, Mr. Vivian, we are enabled to lay before our readers satisfactory information on this subject, in which, as we have reason to know. the public of this district, and particularly the commercial portion of it, feel so intense an interest. The arrangements are as follows:—On and after Satur- day, the 6th July, the northern letters, and those at present con- veyed by the Bristol mail to Swansea, will be forwarded from Chepstow by the 12 noon train, and arrive in Swansea at 3 p m., and the return will leave Swansea at 10.30 a.m. The arrange- ments with respect to the London letters, will not come into operation before Saturday, 27th July, as the month's notice re- quired by the Act will not expire till that day. It is then pro- posed to send the London let i ers through Bristol; and as these will be transmitted from Bristol in the middle of the night, the bags will be forwarded from Chepstow by a special train at 4 45 in the morning, arriving in Swansea by 7.45; and the return train with the London bags, will leave Swansea at 5.15 p.m. The public will, we feel assured, sympathise as to the position in which the contractors for horsing the Gloucester mail will be placed by the maintenance of the contract till July the 27th, but the efforts made by our respected member for a change in this part of the arrangements were unavailing. The eliange, by which the letters now transmitted via Gloucester will be forwarded, is, we think, unavoidable; first, because under this arrangement there is less chance of any passenger traffic by this train. Besides, the time gained by the transmission through Bristol is more than counterbalanced by the risks and delays of the Passage. By maintaining the present route through Glouces- ter, the arrival of letters by train in Swansea would not be more than three-quarters of an hour later than that now proposed via Bristol. And for this three-quarters of an hour we are to be de- prived of the safety and punctuality which are ensured to us by the Gloucester route. We trust that Swansea and the other commercial towns on the line will immediately take this subject into their serious deliberation, and memorialise the General Post- office on the unadvisableness of this department of the contem- plated changes.—Herald, July 3.
THE ABUSES OF THE RIGHTS OF THE WORKING- MAN, AND THE TRUCK SYSTEM. Injustice leagued with strength and power, Nor truth nor innocence can stay In vain they plead when tyrants lour, And seek to make the weak their prey No equal rights obtain regard, When passions fire and spoils reward."
TO THE EDITOR OF THE PRINCIPAJ.tTY. DEAR Sm, -I shall feel very much obliged if you will have the kindness to allow me, through the medium of vour valu- able journal, to enquire of the well-known scholar, fiev. D. a i liees Stephens, what is the meaning of the following lines, com- posed by Taliesin Pen Beirdd :—■ Bedw ar ei fawr fryd, Bu hwyr gwiagysyd; Nid er eilyfredd, Namyn er ei fawredd." I a, Sir, yours, kc., Ty'r Bwsh. MAHEN BACIL
MERTHYR. MIt. THOMAS JENKINS supper at the Mountain Hare, on Monday night week, was very numerously attended by a great many respectable people both from Dowlais and Merthyr. Mr. Alfred Hughes, of Dowlais, ably filled the chair, and Mr. Wm. Evans was vice-chairman. Some excellent sengs were sung, and the party did not break up till late, It must have been par- ticularly gratifying, both to Mr. and Mrs. Jenkins, to see so excellent a JUuster of their friends when they are about leaving their present house, especially when it is known that they have experienced a series of persecutions and ill-feeling from some near relatives, yet, if we may judge from what we aaw last night, without in any way shaking the good opinion exprestsed to them by their neighbours and acquaintances. MEETING OF THE BOARD OF GUARDIANS.—-A large meeting of the guardians, composing the Merthyr Tydlil Union, took place at the Board-room, on Saturday last. D. W. James, Esq., occupied the chair. It being in contemplation to eject a work- house, the question had been raised whether it was better to have an industrial school apart from it, or merely a school as a work- house school. The opinions of the guardians were much divided upon the point. H. A. Bruce, Esq., spoke very strongly, re- peating much of what he urged when the question was before under discussion, about the inefficiency of woikhouse schools, as far as teaching the pauper children was concerned. He proposed that all industrial school should be established, and, ultimately, it was carried by the casting vote of the chairman. AUXILIARY BmLE SocirTY.-A meeting of this society took place on Monday evening at the school-room, attached to St. David's church. The i.ev. Mr. Philips, who is, we think, the secretary for this district, attended as a deputation and spoke for some time with great effect. TEA PAHTY AT THE TBMPERANCE-UOOM, GLEEELANR. — The friends of the temperance cause held a tea party on Monday last, at the above place, which was very numerously attended. Several gentlemen, well known for their advocacy of the cause, spoke at considerable length, and the company broke up early highly gratified. MOUMOXITES.—This sect also held a tea party at their room at the White Lion, and we heard the number of brethren who visited the place from Aberdare liytnney, and the adjoining districts, was very large. ACCIDENT.—One of the large ponds belonging to the Dowlais Works, suddenly leaked, on Friday lest, and the water came down towards the blast-furnaces, carrying everything before it. It was much feared it would have caused great damage, but by setting a body of men to cut channels to drain it off. fortunately the damage done was not very great. Had it happened in the night, it is very probable it would have caused much loss to the company, and possibly been the means of destroying some lives. DISGUACEFUI. Row.-Soiiie fellows who were drinking in a beer house in Dowlais, after becoming quite jolly, went out and destroyed a great many windows belonging to a dissenting chapel. Having some notion that it was the work of the Irish, the "Welsh took it in their heuds they would be revenged, and con- sequently they congregated in large numbers about the Catholic chapel and nearly demolishad the whole of the windows. The police were called, and they had considerable work to quell the disturbance. They finally succeeded in capturing some of the most actll e, and in stopping the disturbance from making further progress. THE weather, dnring the last week, has been very unpropitious for the hay harvest. A great quantity is cut in all directions about the place, but little as yet secured. THEATRE.—R-The performances on Wednesday night were for the benefit of Mr. Groves, and consisted of Speed the Plutigh," and the farce of "Catching all Heiress. The performers exerted themselves, and we thought Mr. Waldron, as Sir Phillip JUandford, and Mr. Groves, as Sir Able Handy, very effective. Mr. Mendham, also played Farmer Ashjield very fairly. We think this young actor will bye and by become a good comedian. Our worthy favourite, Mr. Groves, was- admirable as Tom Twig, in Catching an Heiress," and when metamorphosed into the German Baron, obtained three distinct rounds of applause. Mrs. Groves, also, when changed into Jessamy, and indeed her assump- tion of the character was so very good throughout, was most loudly applauded. It gave us much pleasure to see so respectable a company at the benefit of so worthy a gentleman as Mr. Groves. IIIHWAIN BRITISH SCHOOL.—'Hie first public examination of this School, took place on the 26th ult. Tlve examination was condue;ed by Mr. D. Lewis, the master, and, taking into eon- srderatioii the short time the school has been open:, and the ellil(frells" inexperience in the English language, it proved most Satisfactory to all the parties concerned. The school-room was Ltlilt, and the school is supported by the voluntary contribu- tions of the people. There are at present 130 children taught 1" the school, and every tiling connected with it seems pros- perous and encouraging.
NEATH. •POLICE.—FIIII>AY, JULY 5.—[Before Griffith Llewellyn and Robert Lindsay, Esqs.] Jloxctl Morgan, Cwmavon, was charged by Samuel Thomas ^ith throwing stones at his windows, and breaking several panes glass. The defendant denied the charge, and stated that he *°uld produce a witness that day week to prove he had not done It. Fined Is. and costs. Evan Thomas, an engineer.in the employ of the Messrs. "V ivian •ttd^Sons, Margam Copper Works, Taibaeh, was charged with having too little water in the boiler connected with the steam jjigine. After a patient investigation the ease was dismissed. Mr. targreaves appeared for the defendant. Benjamin Williams, Cwmavon, was charged with being drunk .lu' disorderly at that place. Fined 5s. and costs, or seven days' mPrisonnient. Committed, Sev.ra! eases were adjourned for a week.
CAMERON'S COALBROOK STEAM, COAL, AND SWANSEA AND LOUGHOR RAILWAY. On Tuesday week, an extraordinary general meeting of the registred shareholders of the said company, was held at the offices in Moorgate-street, for the purpose of confirming or rejecting a resolution passed by the directors for making a further call of X2 per share, for the payment of the con- tractor for making a line of railway from the coal fields to the port of Llanelly, and for other purposes.—E. G. Win- throp, Esq., took the chair, when Mr. Howden, the secretary, read the advertisement, and said he had held between four and five hundred proxies in favour of the resolution of the directors, from shareholders who had paid up their calls regularly (hear). The Chairman was happy to see so large meeting, for the shareholders living so wide asunder, it was not easy to bring them together. He could assure that meeting that the di- rectors would not make a further call for money from the shareholders, unless they had the clearest possible idea that by that act they would' be doing good to this greatly and dilapidated company—dilapidated from no fault in the ob* ject of the company, but through mis-management, for he had never heard one substantial rtason why a company with such prospects as this had should not be carried out with profit to the shareholders. Could it be denied that their coal was as good as any, if not the best, in South Wales, and could be procured in abundance ? Admitting this to be the case, was it desirable to keep the directors any longer with- out funds, when such valuable prospects as they had before them could be realized ? The directors asked tor no large sum of money, but that must be immediately had, in order to meet the first instalment to the contractor for the short line of railway which was now being made from the coal- fields to the port. The directors would be called to pay 30 per cent. upon the estimate of the work done, and the first payment in that respect would fall due in a few days longer; he would, therefore, put it to the shareholders whether they would allow the progress of their line to be stopped for the small amount now required. In concluding, the Chairman proposed a resolution, That all the co-partners shall be, and are hereby called upon to py a further instalment of j62 on the several shares held by them respectively in the capital or joint-stock of the company, in addition to the several instalments, amounting to the sum af Ll, which have been paid or called upon the said shares; such instal- ment of X2 per share to be paid on the 10th day of Sep- tember, 1850, at the Commercial Bank of London. Mr. Strelly admitted that their money had been all frit- tered away hitherto, but it was the duty of the directors now to make the best of the little which they intended to expend in developing the most valuable property. Under this ex- pectation he should pay his call of X2, and would have great pleasure in moving that the resolution for that purpose be confirmed. (Hear, hear.) Mr. Goddard (of Ipswich) admitted that the directors had encountered many difficulties for the sake of the share holders, and he thought, as the company was now in working order, the shareholders might with safety come forward to strengthen the hands of their directors; in fact, it was the only plan to save a good property from being lost to the directors for the energy displayed by them under the most trying circumstances. (Applause.) The chairman put the resolution for the E2 call (above described) for the adeption of the meeting, which was agreed to unanimously. A proprietor inquired if the call could be paid in advance? The chairman replied that interest would be allowed on all money paid before the date named in the resolution.- Mr. Goddavd asked if any of the creditors were pressing ? Captain Northcott, R. N., (a director), said, if they were, it would be against their interest now, when the directors were doing everything possible to establish the company; but the contractor must first be looked to. (Hear, hear.) Mr. Smallbone (a director) having spoken highly in favour of the coal mines, and the railway now making, said, if the shareholders would only answer this call as readily as he and others would do, they would have the satisfaction of seeing f,24,000 of their debts wiped off; and as this alluded to purchase-money, he thought such a result would be most satisfactory. (Hear, hear.) The chairman invited any shareholders present to form a committee of enquiry as to the prospects of this company, by which they would judge for themselves; but, if they did he could vouch for it that they would come to the conclusion, as he did, that to abandon this company for the small sum now required to make it profitable would be the height of madness on the part of the shareholders (hear, hear). Captain Norcott, R.N., said there present openings were calculated to yield 200 tons of coal a-day, or 700,000 tons a year, for about four years in continuance. After some further observations from Mr. Hughes, Mr. Strelly, and other shareholders, Mr. Goddard moved a vote of thanks to the chairman and directors, which was seconded by Mr. Green, aad passed unanimously, when the meeting- adjourned.
V CARMARTHEN. DrsTKF.ssJNG ACCIDENT.—A WIFE SHOT BY HER HUSBAND.— Oil: Saturday last, all inquest was held at Saint Clears, before George Thomas, Esq., on the body of Mrs. Lloyd, aged thirty-four wife of the Rev. John Lloyd, Bapti&t minister, whose death was caused by the discharge of a gun her husband was cleaning. Mary Lloyd, aged thirteen, deposed that she is the daughter of the deceased. She came home from school about six o'clock on Friday evening, at which time her father was in the garden and her mother in the house knitting. Soon afterwards her father came in, and having sat down for a short time he fetched the gun from the corner of. the room near the dresser to take it home. He had borrowed the gun to shoot the rats in the garden. When he got the gun he began to clean it with a cloth. Her mother at the time was sitting near the fire. He put the gun on his knee, his face being towards my mother whilst he was cleaning it. Sarah Price, a neighbour, was there at the time, and whilst her father turned to speak to Sarah Price the gun went off. Her -=-=====-=-=====-.=:======-==-==-=:=::=- mother was about two yards from it. She fell on her fare to 'h: ground immediately. She was taken up by her husband micl man who ran in on hearing tho report, and found to be dead. Blood was running from her body through her clothes. The witness further stated that her father and mother never quarrelled with each other. They lived at Cardigan before they came to Saint Clears. Her father is a Baptist preacher. Sarah Prire corroborated the evidence as regarded the accident. Thomas Davies depostd: On Friday, hearing the report of a gun in Mr. Lloyd's house, which is opposite to mine, and hearing a scream, I ran over, and 0:1 entering saw Mr. Lloyd lifting his wife from the ground. I suspected she had been shot. When I went in I saw blood on the floor and saw a wound in the pit of her stomach. Mr. Lloyd appeared in great distress of miud. I took the de- ceased out of his arms. They appeared to live very comfortably and happy. Mr. Lloyd was in the habit of shooting rats in tae garden. The rats came from a rivulet which runs near the garden. I am convinced it was accidental. Mr. Lloyd stated: I hi, I been out yesterday in the garden with the gun. I tried to fire it but it did not go off. It was a double-barrelled gun. I hal loaded it a few days before. There was a load in each barrel. I brought the gun into the house and put it away. Some time after I came in I took the gun to clean it. My wife was sitting near the tire. I had the gun on my knee, the other being on the ground. When Sarah Price came in I turned to speak to her, my hand being on the lock. While speaking to her the gun went off. I was cleaning the barrel. The rag must have oome in con- tact with the lock as I was rubbing the barrel. The jury having heard the above evidence returned a verdiet of—Accidental deal: — Carmarthen Jounwl.
TO THE MDITOit OV THE PRINCIPALITY. RESPECTED Sm,-The above is a moral of the wolf and -,iie lamb in the fable, but I am rather afraid that it can be well applied as "descriptive" of .many of the iron and coal masters of the present day, and their working people; as it is very evident that the latter suffer much under the tyranny excercised by the former, in several other instances beside the Truck System, which is so illegally imposed upon the working-classes of our iron and coal districts. The iron-masters unite altogether in one, powerful body, and they exercise all the powers that can be con- stituted by their union, in order to reduce the wages of their men. When they meet, whether in London or elsewhere, they lix their intended reduction, at so much per cent., and they put th.s. in force without any difficulties. Why* It is evident because they are united together and their power is one. We know well that (Vis unita fortior), power is strengthened by union, an I-tin* is done against, the divided power of the disunited working classes but it is highly desirable that the working classes should open their eyes, and unitedly form a resolution, to an effect that they wiU no-longer bear the iron yoke of the illegal imposition of he truck system of payment for their toil and labour this they have a legat right to do for if the iron and coal-masters have a right to join to-.ether for the wise purpose of maintaining justice, as to the remuneration they pay the operatives for their labo.ur—the operatives as well have an equal right to uuite in order to protect themselves, from the injuries inflicted upon them by some of the iron and coal-masters, by the very unjust and disgraceful method of evading, the dignitied.and upright law of our land, through the imposition of trucking,, in the shape of a subtle round about scheme, as explained in former letters. Let us all unite together and imitate the worthy example set before us by our employers. Let us say at once, one and all of us, that we will have our get- tings in the coin of the realm, as the law directs and as is our in- disputable rights; and if we shall be obliged to go to the useless cashiers of truck-shops to receive our money, let us tell them that we have need to take our earnings to the cheapest and the best shops to spend them and let us claim our own earningt ill the coin of the realm, and take them where we have a mind; we are worthy of this, even if we were better paid than we are for oitr work. This, even if our magistrates would refuse to interfere on behalf of the legal rights of the working man, and to put the pro- tective law in motion-for. our defence, were we united together, would soon give the mortal blow to the truck system, and we should enjoy our freedom, which is granted us by the glorious constitution of this land, and which every one of us should claim in opposition to every imposition of the semi-slavery of the method of paying by truck. This would be an easy plan by which we could redeem ourselves and complete a general emancipation, and the truck system- which is in very powerful antagonism to our comforts and prosperity in all considerations would be laid low and buried in the shame which it is so deserving of. At present even our dear beloved wives are disregarded greatly by the truck- sters. They will not be pei initte(I to select for themselves only very seldom, and therefore they cannot economise for the benefit of their family our own wives (in the opinion of the trucksters) are doomed to be dupes to their own plan of economizing tor them, which must appear degrading in the extreme in ihe sight of every one who would regard and desire the welfare of himself and family. I am glad to learn that the English operatives are very earnestly at work in putting down this injurious truck method of payment, and it is to be hoped that the men of Gwentand Morganwg, with the whole Principality, will join this glorious band and follow them in this good work. Another thing which I consider quite as injurious in its effects as the truck system is, that whole trams of coal are cropt en- tirely without any acknowledgement made to the collier for it, though he took as much pains and care in the cutting and tilling as he would with the best coal, and this inferior sort of coal lo- used by the companies to supply the workmen with house-lke- coal,. and fur the boilers of engines, &c., notwithstanding that the collier is deprived very often of any remuneration for if, which is a very unfair practice in my immediate neighbour- hood, and the Welsh collier might find it so in the country coal districts., Another thing which is considered very unfair here generally in the iron dirtricts, is that the iron and steel tools of the colliers and miners are charged to them at about £ 33 per ton, but the fire-men have all their tools free; but £30 n':r ton is a very enormous price considering the present very low prices of iron in the markets. Half this charge would be am- ply sufficient for all the tools used by the miners and collier. Another matter which appears very unfair in the neighbourhood of Abersychan, is that our earnings have been reduced three or four times,, but the reuts of the companies' houses and our cual is as high and dear as ever. The rents and the coal should be reduced equivalent to the reduction of our earnings, if "Shod chvvareu teg" should live. The Welsh collier referred to the 1. O. U. system, and asked if that was practiced by the British Company. I am not aware that they do use this system, but the system of giving, the shop-book to any person doing any work for the workmen, is the method carried on here, which I consider more unfair doings than the I. O. U. system. Let an union bn formed of all the working classes in the iron and coal districts, with the view to overthrow the truck system and all other abuses which we have suffered. It is time now for us to be faithful to each other, and not betray one another. Let us now be proud of the law which the Government has made and confirmed for the protection of our rights and privileges. Let this law be the standard rule to guide us so convinced I am that no prosperity will be experienced, even by our emplopers, as long as they will suffer such abuses towards the working-man to exist. We want no more than justice and nothing less shall content us. I beg to remain Your very unworthy servant, AN OLD MINER. Abersychan, July 8th, 1850.
POLICE.—MONDAY, JULY 8.—Before his Worship the Mayor. DEFR-VUDIVG THE RAILWAY. — Two labouring men, named George Day and Peter Fry, were brought up, charged with enter- ing a carriage at Newport, and ruling to Cardiff, in a state of intoxication, and defrauding th« company of the usual fare, They were ordered to appear on Monday next. Hannah Pearse was charged with being drunk and disorderly, in Whitumore-lane, on Sunday evening, at eleven o clock. Ad- monished and discharged. Jft". Hancock, master of the George, of Bristol, was charged with ■entering the Bute Docks, contrary to the bye laws. It appeared that on Thursday last, the vessel entered the cut way, the ball having been hauled down half an hour previous. The captain denied the charge and said that he had been laying in the roads ten days, and that the ball was up when they entered the buoys, Ihe mate said that the ball was not hauled down until they entered the cut. lie saw it coining down after they were inside the buoys. The Mayor 4-,ii(I the case was a perplexing one, and it would have been better if more evidence had been produced. To decide between two men who swore directly in opposition to each other was no easy mat- ter in a case where lie was anxious to do justice. Under the cir- cumstances he should decide that the captain pay the summons and the case be dismissed. Hancock said he was not in a position to do it, before writing to his owners. The Mayor granted him time. Three young men named John Jfc. Leod, Rees Davies, and John Owen, were charged with creating a disturbance in the town, bo removing shutters. They had previously been before the magis- trates and now appeared on a remand, a witness named Jane Thomas said, that on the 25th of June, about twenty minutes past eleven at night, she saw three persons in Smith-street, remove a shutter from the house of Mr. Powell of the Three Cranes, and take it up the North road. Witness did not know whether the three persons charged with the offence were the sallle,-Superintendent Stock dale said, that it was Thomas that pointed them out to the policeman.—The clerk regretted that she had been tampered with —P C. Mor-an deposed, that he met the three prisoners at the corner of North-street. He received information after they had passed on, that a shutter had been removed from ahouse and thrown into the canal. He then secured the prisoners. At the police station the funale witness distinctly pointed out the prisoners as the "-uilty parties. The landlord gave evidence as to the shutter bein- removed, but did not see it taken away. He had lost a shutter on a previous occasion, the one now in question was picked out of the canal, and brought back to him with little or no damage done to it The Mayor, as there was no apparent act of viciousness but merely wautoncss, admonished and discharged the prisoners. John Gaddcn and Frederick Ward were summoned for assault- ing George Leekington. It appeared that the defendants were, on a previous court-day, brought before the magistrates tor steaung Hour, but owing to a want of evidence they were discharged. Leckiugton was a witness in the case, and after the men had left th-comt they had threatened him to an extent that he considered his life :n danger. The Mayor thought the case an aggravated one, and bound over defendents in the sum of ;CIO each, to keep the peace for twelve months Martin Feiietty, a seaman, on board the ship Cleopatra, laying at the Bute Hocks, was charged with entering and stealing truit from the garden of Mr. Roberts, of Adamsdown. It appears that the ship in which the prisoner was engaged, was about to sail, and that a commitment would deprive him of a voyage. Mr. R. kindly offered to withdraw the charge, which the Mayor readily per- mitted