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THE CUMBRIAN INSTITUTION FOR…

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THE CUMBRIAN INSTITUTION FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. A public meeting in connexion with this institution, which has been recently removed from Aberystwyth to Swansea, was held at the Town-hall on Friday evening last. The chair was Occupied by C. James, Esq., mayor, who commenced the pro- ceedings by calling upon the secretary of the institution, the Rev. Geo. Acklom, to read the following report:— f. The committee appointed last year for the management of the Swansea Auxiliary of the Cambrian Institution for the Deaf and Dumb, then located at Aberystwyth, are desirous, through the means of this public meeting, of introducing to the notice of the public in general, not the auxiliary, but the institution itself, which, since the period of the last meeting, has been removed to this town; and in thus calling your attention to the fact, they also wish to make the following statement:— „ During the progress of Mr. Rhine! through South Wales last year, at which time he first visited S wansea, and the meet- ing was held which appointed the present committee; he formed auxiliaries also in many other towns, amongst whom there ap- peared a very general impression that the institution itself was not sufficiently central, or easy of approach, with respect to the population, its own interests, or the convenience of the pupils. The idea prevailed that much benent would, in every way, be derived by transferring it to a larger town, more attainable of access; in fact, Swansea was especially named. In conse- quence of this universal desire, when the general annual meet- ing was held in August, at Aberystwyth, the Bishop of St. David's in the chair, a resolution was brought forward, and unanimously agreed to: That in coasequence of a very strong and general feeling having been publicly expressed at several of the principal to wns recently visited by Mr. Rhind, respecting thi inconvenience of sending pupils to Aberystwyth, on account of the difficulty of access to it from those parts, and the town of S .vansea having been mentioned, for many important reasons, as a more desirable locality for the institution, power be given to the committee, appointed this day, to negotiate with the committee of the Swansea Auxiliary, and to agree upon,, id ,-aL also to see the arrangements, properly carried out for the re- moval of the institution to that town, provided they be satisfied that by such transfer the objects and interests of the charity will be more largely promoted.' Consequent upon this, im- mediate correspondence took place with the present committee, and in order to have a full explanation of various matters, it Was deemed advisable that Mr, Rhind should again visit Swan- sea. Ilaving agreed to this proposal, he met the committee, who were fully satisfied with the details lie furnished in regard to the necessity for the transfer, and the condition of the funds. .Believing, therefore, that the charitable purposes for which the institution will be established would be more practically and advantageously carried out at Swansea, they accepted the pro- }wml of the general committee, passing a resolution to the foll- owing effect:—' That the committee, having heard the state- ments of Mr. Charles Rhind, the principal, relative to the pre- sent funds and expenditure of the institution, together with the statements concerning the opinions of the different auxiliaries,' that its removal would afford far greater certainty of success, accept the same with pleasure and being most fully convinced that such transfer would give greater efficiency in carrying out the operations of the institution, both in regard to its own support and to the afflicted individuals themselves, they are therefore desirous of expressing their willingness to co-operate with the general committee in removing the institution to Swansea, in accordance with the eighth resolution passed at the recent an- nual meeting, held at Aberystwyth; the local secretary is, con- sequently, authorised to communicate with the general com- nlittee to thIS effect. A sub-committee was at the same time appointed, consisting of J. D. Llewelyn, Esq., Rev. Calvert Jones, Wm. H. Michael, Esq,, surgeon—Wm. Stroud, Esq,, treasurer, and the Rev. George Acklom, secretary, for the purpose of making all proper arrange. ments. To this end they have taken upon lease a home in Picton-place, which being altered, will enable the institution to extend its alterations and receive a larger number of pupils, care being taken to keep the sexes completely separate, after school hours in fact, they inhabit different buildings. The institution was removed from Aberystwyth on the 9th of April, arriving at Swansea on the following day, since which time the committee have been occupied in making every necessary arrangement for its efficient working. An assistant, in the care of the girls, has been engaged, who, with one also for the boys, will be sufficient for present pur- poses "The number of pupils are ten, but applications have been re ceived for the reception of others; and there can be no doubt whatever, that considering the number of individuals so afflicted in the principality to be not less than between 600 and 700, at the inost moderate computation, the present means of accommodation will, ere long, be too limited for the admittance of the many so applying. Ili transferring the institution, the Aberystwyth committee were enabled to accredit £ 100 to the treasurer's account at Swansea, nearly the whole of which sum has been expended in the alterations necessarily undertaken in the house, together with the subsistence of the pupils, and the purchase of many articles for household use. The committee, therefore, in calling the present meeting, desire to enlist the sympathies of the inhabitants of Swansea and its neighbourhood, and influence them to come for- ward and do their duty as regards the support of this most inter- esting charity. It is not by collection at the doors, but by yearly subscriptions, that this support must be extended, and the com- mittee thus appeal, in terms of earnest entreaty, as expressing the wants of afflicted numbers of fellow-ereatures aud fellow country- men, deprived of two of the noblest human faculties, to come forward and help in affording to these stricken ones advantages only to be found in education and the truths of. We constitute the central position now to numerous auxili- aries, both in North and South Wales, all of whom have agreed in the necessity of the transfer. For the purpose of forming the auxiliaries in North Wales, Mr. Rhind was travelling for six weeks in the months of February and March last, and succeeded in establishing no fewer than thirty-two, who have expressed themselves most interested in the progress of the institution. Let not our town be backward in heart and hand, and draw down reflection upon itself. Some few names have been collected in order to form a nucleus, amounting to somewhat above twenty guineas; and the committee wish to state, that in order to have the privilege of voting as governors, either in respect to the elec- tion of pupils, or of the committee, aud various officers, not less than jEl must be subscribed annually, though smaller suin* are thankfully received. Copies of last year's report, with the rules, can be obtained at the institution itself, or at the hou. secretary 's, the Rev. George Acklom and all persons desirous of contributing by donation or subscription, caucornmunicate with either the treasurer, the becretaries, or at the institution. "The committee and officers appointed for the Swansea auxiliary were-President-J. H. Vivian, Esq., M.P. Vice- Presi,den ts-i. D. Llewelyn, E,;q., P. S. L. Grenfell, Esq., and the Rev. E. B. Squire, vicar; Secretary—Rev. Geo. Ackloin; Treasurer—W. Stroud, Esq.; Committee*—Rev. Calvert Jones, RobertEnton, Esq., Lewis L. Dillwyn, Esq., Henry Bath, Esq., Rev. Thomas Dodd, Rev. D. Evans, Edward Howell, Esq., M.D., Geo. G. Bird, Esq., M.D-, Thos. Williams, Esq., M.D., Wm. H. Michael, Esq., surgeon William Rowland, Esq., surieon Rev. William Howell. The Rev. George A cklom having omplained of the secretary's work as requiring too much time, Mr. W. H. Michael has kindly offered to assist; his name therefore has been added as joint hon. secretary. The institution is situated in Picton-place, and is now ready for inspection, to which the pu lie are invited at the proper hours laid down by the committee, viz., between ten and one o'clock on Wednesdays and Saturdays. And now, in concluding this brief statement, the committee desire to express the confidence with which they launch forth the vessel, of which they are the honoured managers, in its new scene of opsrations. The charity itself and its purposes must recommend it to the attention and sympathy of every heart; and in a com- munity like Swansea, increasing yearly in population, interests, and consequence, they cannot express a doubt of its being most amply supported, so far as their connexion is pledged. It is by the diffusion of growing wealth in the various channels of charity aud religion, that a healthy circulation is promoted, which, re- acting upon itself, adds to every interest of the social body, pre- venting that stagnation which, on the contrary, corrupts society to its very core, proving its greatest bane and evif." Mr. Grenfell then rose to move the first resolution,- "That this meeting having heard the report now read by the Rev. George Acklom, announcing the removal of the institution to Swansea, pledges itself to afford it the most hearty and cordial support, and would wish to record its sense of the liberality IL manifest'd by the auxiliaries of the society both in North and Suuth Wales during the past year, and trusts the same may be couii nted." This having been seconded by Dr. Bird, was carried unani- mously. Mr. C. Rhind, the principal of the institution, then briefly ad- dressed the meeting. His object in rising was not to make a eech, but to give the, nie,atiiig a. slight insight into his method ,pf i struction. He had travelled throughout North and South Wales 03 behalf of the iastpution, and had vis ted 9 spnsiderafyle number of towns, but he knew no place better adapted in every 'I way to take charge of the interests of this institutio ) than Swan-. sea. He hoped this institution would be considered not only an honotit to Swansea, but to the principality at large [hear, he ir]. While travelling throughout the principality, it afforded him great pain to see so many of the deaf and dumb, who had grown up J without any kind of instruction, and this excited in his inia I the most lively hopes that they would be able to do something effec- tively towards the education of the young. Iu first introducing pupils into the institution, the greatest oifliculty they experienced was to reconcile them to the place. They could not at once be made to understand the purpose for which they were brought there, and it would be found that the attachments of the deaf and dumb to relatives and home were much stronger than those of other persons. He did not, in his plan of education, adopt any chastisement or compulsion. His endeavours were to overcome them by kindness-to excite their attention and interest by toys and innocent amusements. Mr. Rhind then entered into some of- the details of his mode of instruction, explained the alphabet, &c. The notion of the sounds of the various letters of the alphabet Was conveyed to the child by placing the hand of the latter on the teacher's throat as the sound was emitted—that of the vowels and some other letters by means of the breath. Eight or ten of the pupils of the institution, both boys and girls, were placed on one of the benches, and Mr. Rhind tested two of the boys in va- rious ways, in illustration of the system of instruction pursued in the school. The audience were highly pleased at the proficiency displayed by some of the pupils. One of them displayed consi- derable quickness in writing. Several gentlemen from among the audience held up watches, penknives, parasols, gLe., and the boy instantly committed not only the names of the articles to writing, but also the names uf their component parts, thus- the ivory, whalebone, fringe, &c., of a parasol. Mr. Rhind said that in all cases where the parents could afford to contribute towards the maintenance of their children in the institution, they were expected to do so in proportion to their means but in a great many instances it was found that the parents were in circumstances so indigent as to be unable to pay anything, Mr. Aubrey next moved the following resolution :— That this meeting, cordially approving of the method -of instruction adopted by Mr, Rhind, the principal of the in. stitution, hereby thanks him for his unwearied labours in i farthering its objects and promoting its success, and fervently trusts that the sphere of the operations of the society may be so enlarged as to meet the requirements of the principality." Which having been seconded by Mr, J. Bath, was carried, unanimously, as was the last resolution, moved by the Rev. T. Dodd: That this meeting hereby deputes to the committee of the Swansea Auxiliary, formed at the public meeting held May 25th, 1849, at the Assembly Rooms, Swansea, the power to carry on the affairs of the institution, and to appoint all necessary officers, until the annual meeting, to be held in August next, when the full staff of officers shall be elected, in conformity with the rules of the society, from the body of governors," After a vote of thanks was passed to the mayor a subscription list was handed round the table at the close of the proceedings, headed by the mayor, who gave a subscription of £ 10 in his official capacity, in addition to his private subscription, Several gentlemen added their names.

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