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PRUSSIA. The Cologne Gazette gives a very different version of the alleged attempted assassination of the Prince of Prussia to the one which was published from the Berlin paper.5 in the Sun of Saturday. The Cologne. Gazette says that it was not the ball of an assassin, but that of the prince himself, which struck the postilion; that the driver was proceeding too slowly, upon which the prince drew a pistol from his pocket, and with one shot threw the man from his horse. This story is generally believed at Frankfort. The man who made the attempt upon the life of the Prince of Prussia is already in custody. He is a young carpenter, twenty-four years old, of course from Mayence. Boys had seen him stalking about alone, with a rifle, a short time before the deed was committed, and this led to his discovery. Besides, his shoes fitted into the footmarks on the ground, the ball found fitted into his rifle, &c. The Duke of Anhault Bernburg has issued a proclamation, dated the 9th, announcing that he adheres to the Federal State and Constitution proposed by the three kings. The Cologne Gazette has the following from Berlin, 12th :— Orders were sent to-day to General de Rittwitz, Commander- in-Chief of the German troops engaged against Denmark, to hold himself entirely on the defensive, and not to undertake anything that may bring on a serious conflict. This order is in consequence of the progress that has been made in the negotia- tions for peace."
DENMARK AND THE DUCHIES.
DENMARK AND THE DUCHIES. We have received our Hamburgh papers of the loth instant. The news from Schleswig-IIolstein an 1 Jutland is of little interest. The.late news of the delivery of the Hessian Hussars turns out to be a false report, for letters from Copenhagen prove that the prisoners did arrive in the Danish capital. From Frederica we have no news of any importance, Prussia it is said has made peace with Denmark; but the conditions have not transpired in an authentic shape.
AUSTRIA AND HUNGARY.
AUSTRIA AND HUNGARY. The news from the seat of war is very unimportant. The Hungarians are one day being successful, and the next the Austri ans. The Examiner says that a serious difference of opinion is stated, on good authority, to have arisen between the (;Zlr and his veteran Field Marshal. The latter is said to have 110 appetite for a Huagariarf campaign. He appears to entertain sonre apprehension that the laurels which he gathered in Po- land in ty be lost in Hungary. This feeling may arise in some degree from the caution of age but reasons are not wanting to Justify the doubts of the General, although they may be over- looked by his impetuous master. The Hungarians have an anny, at least as well disciplined and equipped as the Russian, and scarcely less numerous. They have, moreover (what Russia has not), three Generals of consummate ability; they possess the most fertile country in Europe, whiist their enemy must advance through dangerous defiles and regions destitute of thp. means of ouppoj ting 'all army. Tlic discipline of the Russian soldiers is good, but their officers are discontented, and the commissariat is known to be exe- crable. These considerations will explain the doubting and hesitation of Field-Marshal Prince Paskiewich, and the ruraours that the Emperor has decided on taking the field in Person.
AMERICA. The royal mail steam-ship, Caledonia, Captain Leitch, arrived Liverpool on Monday, with advices from New York to the Boston to the 6th, and Ilallifax to the Sth instant respec- tively. The following are the chief diplomatic appointments of General Taylor For Minister to Great Britain—Abbot Lawrence, of Massa- chusetts, vice George Bancroft. For Minister to France—William C. Rives, of Virginia, vice Pichard Rush, Pennsylvania. Domestic politics are totally devoid of interest. We learn from Canada that on the 31 st ult. General Rowan (the Commander of the Forces), in the character of Deputy- Governor, proceeded to the Parliament building, and prorogued the Legislature. General Rowan was enthusiastically cheered by the multitude present, the majority of whom were of British 0rigin. Several Bills were assented to, including that for in- corporating the Lake Champlain and St. Lawrence'Canal ^Quipanv. Property to the amount of GO,000 dollars was destroyed by fi-'e at Mobile on the 27 th ult. A correspondent says ;—" The cholera continues its ravages, and the mortality is great in the south and south-west—at New Orleans and St. Louis but more especially among the emi- Sr.ints overland, at California. Y"ou will form some idea of the aber of these emigrants, when I inform you that up to the 2.S5Q emigrant waggons had crossed the river St. Joseph at several landings thence to Council Bluft, 1,500. 111ere is an average of four persons and eight oxen or mules to etch waggon. Wh re number now on the plains from Saint ^°3eph an 1 points ab )ve—4,350 waggons, 17,100 men, and ^>800 animals. The deaths are supposed to be fifty per day. company of thirteen, from New York, lost twelve of the ilUiuber by the cholera In New York the deaths are not More th:111 from six to eight per day, and average about one- ■lird of the cases. In this city there have been but four deaths the present time, and every precaution necessary is adopted J' the public authorities. The weather thus far lias been e'^arkablv cool for the season, a fact which we can hardly at; when we read that a few days ago the island of .e;yfoundland was hemmed in by a belt of ice from sixty to ?l8bty miles wide, so that passengers from ships had actually rjfeu obliged to walk over fifty miles of ice to reach the land. hot weather must, ho wever, soon set in, and then it is c"are,J that the mortality by cholera in the large cities will be Onsiderable. The crevasse above New Orleans has not been ^°Ppe-l, an:l nearly two-thirds of that city are now under V,lter, varying ia depth from one to four feet. The damage to Property has been immense, while bad health and many other ■!S's \y'm naturally follow the inundation. To show that iis seldom come singly, I clip the following brief para- *[aph3 from two of the leading New Orleans journals. A ^;ague of serpents! Who would have dreamt of such a .c°Urgo? These poisonous reptiles are described as 'gangs of eac'lv serpents.' The "Yew Orleans Bee says :— £ We learn that on Sunday last a man who was walking bare- j^°tecl in [lie inundated portion of the First Municipality was bitten die leg (j,robauly by a mocosin snake), and shortly afterwards cl. On the same evening a little lad was either bitten by a 'IP'W animal or a congto, and died soon afterwards from,the effects." <1 <The Xcw Orleans Bulletin advises all who live in the inun- districts to beware of the gangs of snakes, which, driven out the water, seek the shelter of houses. Already we have heard of "0veral persons having been bitten, and in consequence we deem it tl'!uper to advise our friend-i to keep a bright look out for the rets- /,e, Ad who know their habits, understand well their penchant N Comfortable coil between the sheets of a bed, or a snug re- "tt under the piiLíw." f. lieutenant Beale has exhibited specimens of lumps of Cali- i)1'111an to the President of the United states, some weigh- Several ounces, and one weighing seven pounds. Still, with lhis, it must be admitted that the amount which has reached 18 countiv, thus ixve is by uo means large*
WINDING-UP RAILWAYS.—Official managers are tobc appointed for the winding-up of several defunct railways, and notice has been given by the masters in chancery charged with their winding up, that until the parties calling themselves creditors shall come in and prove their debts, they will be precluded from commencing or prosecuting any proceedings. Amongst the number are the Cambridge and Colchester Railway Company, the Warwick and Worcest ir Company, the Eastern Counties Extension Railway, the Cambridge and Worcester Direct Rail-, way, Hereford and Merthyr Tidfil Junction, Ipswich, Norwich, and Yarmouth, Gloucester and Aberystwyth, and Central Wales, Manchester, Southampton, and Ppole, Direct London and Exeter, and Worcester, Teubujy, and LudJow,.
HOUSE OF LORDS.—THURSDAY,…
HOUSE OF LORDS.—THURSDAY, JUNE 14. MR. SMITH O'BRIEN AND THE PREROGATIVE OF »MERCY. Lord CAMPBELL laid on the table a bill for the purpose of re- moving any doubts as to the power of her Majesty, in the exer- cise of her prerogative of mercy, to commute the punishment for high treason in Ireland as well as in England. In so doing he recapitulated the circumstances attending the trial of O'Brien and his associates, which had led to the introduction of the present measure. Lord BROUGHAM approved the introduction of this declaratory act. Lord DEVON and Lord DENMAN also expressed their high ap- probation of the manner in which the State trials had been con- ducted by the Irish judges, and the bill was read a first time, with the understanding that it should be forwarded another stage on Friday. Lord STANHOPE then presented some petitions complaining of the results of our free-trade policy, and asked a question which drew from the Marquis of Lansdowne a most explicit declara- tion that the Government had not the remotest intention of pro- posing the repeal of a single Act of Parliament which sanctioned the principle of free-trade. Lord Stanhope, in continuation, proceeded to predict the ruin of every interest in the country if a return was not made to the ancient system of protection—a general ruin which would produce a social revolution—a war of poverty against property. The Marquis of SALISBURY concurred in this view, and bore testimony to the universality of distress. The Bishop of OXFORD then moved the third reading of his bill for the Protection of Women, and, in spite of Lord CAMPBELL'S opposition, succeeded in carrying it upon a division by a majority of four. Their lordships then adjourned.
HOUSE OF COMMONS.—FRIDAY,…
HOUSE OF COMMONS.—FRIDAY, JUKE 15. CANADA. On the resumption of the adjourned debate on the Canadian Re- bellion Losses Act, Dr. NICHOLL contended that the exceptions in the act must be rigidly confined to persons convicted of high treason by due course of law, or who had submitted and been transported to Bermuda and that it was utterly incompetent to Lord Elgin to authorise any extension of the exception to treasonable practices, or any other offcnce short of treason ascertained by legal proceedings I:L a court of common law.. If the Attorney-General could declare that Lord Elgin had such authority, coupling that declaration,, with the assurance given by Lord John Russell, he would Lot support the motion of Mr. IIerries. If not, the royal &ane;io'r* should not be given to such a bill, which would be dishonourable to the country. The ATTORNEY-GENERAL, declining to enter into the ceRerd merits of the question, stated his construction of the act. The question of Dr. Nicholl, he observed, was twofold—first, could the Crown qualify the act ? He answered, unquestionably the Crown could not it could only assent to or negative the act. Secondly, had Lord Elgin power to give instructions varying from the spirit of the act ? He replied, that as Lord Elgin derived his authority from the act, his instructions must follow his jower; he not delegate more authority than he possessed, and could not, therefore, by instructions to the Commissioners, vary the act. Mr. DRUMMOND opposed the motion of Mr. Harries. Mr. V. SMITH said the subject opened a much larger and wider field than the interpretation of a colonial act; it went to the ques- tion, what was to be the responsible Government of a colony ? He warned the House to beware how they reversed, without suthc-ienc reason, the deliberate act of the Assembly. Mr. HUME observed, that it was not often he approved the acts of the Colomal-office, but in this case he thought- the co,.ir.-e had been taken which ought to be adopted towards all our c-o o: ies. Mr. NEWDEGATE contended such an act as this was an insist' to the Crown, and its sanction would be a dangerous p: tea dent. He should vote with Mr. Henies. Sir W. MOLESWORTH shuuld vote with Lord J. Russell, whose speech, sound in principle and liberal in sentiment, was rh..t one well versed in the true principles of colonial policy. Mr. ANSTEY supported the motion, wh.ch ofteitd a midah; course. Mr. MACGKEGOR believed that the rejection of this act wcu'd create discontent in Canada. Mr. ADDERLEY said, if this act did not trench upon impe nd i- terests, there was no desire to it-er"ei-e wi,h it; and it v as not even of the act itself that he complained, but because of the am- biguous circumstances connected with it. Mr. MILNKS said, when the quest In of indemnity in Up; er Canada occurred, this question ought to have been foreseen, !,I- demnity to that province being conceded, after the union of" the two provinces, the Assembly of the two Canadas gave indeinri'y to Lower Canada and the limitation in the act was not, in fact, made by Lord Elgin, but by Lord Cathcart, in 1846. Tl.e re- jection of the act was sought by a minor.ty, on the strength of a certain amount of popular agitation. If that minority succeeded, against the wishes of the majority, the connexion ht-twi p •. -;>.•» mother country and the colony would be endangered. The Marquis of GKANHY said, the question bad become nar- rowed to his—whether, by adopting the motion of .1IIr. Heme-, the House1 would act contrary to the principle of responsible vernment- Mr. LABOCCIIERB agreed that, under a system of responsible Governme nt, cases might arise in which it would be the duty ct the Imperial Government to interfere and if he believed that this act. wag intentionally framed to insult the British Crown, and affront that part of the population of Canada who had dist-nguishel themseives in suppressing rebellion or repelling inva>.oi, he should advise its rejection at alllwzfml. Mr. BANKES did no: object to amnesty, but he did object to compensation for treason. Sir R. PEEL considered the amendment to be substantially this to pray the Crown not to assent to the act until certain amendments should be made in it, which, whether designed rt fortuitous, were identical with the amendments proposed by the minority in the House of Assembly, and rejected. ParLament, therefore, was asked to engage in a conflict in which it ought to engage if the honour of the Crown imperatively required it but they should previously consider its nature and circumstances. The claim of Upper Canada to be compensated from the Imperial treasury had been rejected this act appropriated a colon!I i 'i (I for colonial purposes; it was passed by a large majority, and the analysis of the votes showed that in its extent and its constitution the elements of that majority were worthy of consideration. Paying a high compliment to Lord Elgin, who, considering the difficulty of his position, had acted with great firmness and impar iality, Sir Robert examined the scope and language of the early indem- nity acts, and observed that after the cla,ms of Upper Canada cad been provided for, the rejection of this act for Lower Canada would be peculiarly invidious, unless its provisions were itiaterially variance with the other. Did the honour of the Crown require this extraordinary interposition? Should that House control ti.e discretion of the Crown ? He was uf opinion it would be a much wiser course to leave the discretion and responsibility to the Crown, and not commit that House to a contest with a majority uf ihe Canadian Assembly. The declaration of Lord Elgin, the assur- ance of Lord John Russell, and the legal opinion of the Attorney- General, proved that the same test would be applied in Low-t-i Canada as in Upper Canada; and he therefore deprecated a course on the part of that House which, whiist it would be destru tive l the principle of responsible Government, wouid cloud the prospfcr of a permanent and cordial connexion between the mother coun- try and a colony m the welfare and prosperity of w bich all ieU a (leep interest. Mr. DISRAELI said, the real question was whether her :\L1. jesty should exercise her constitutional veto. If the opinion ui & majority was conclusive, what was the use of the wto r The case, was a simple one—was there or WHS there -not a scheme under this act which affected the henostj and grossly iarnished the credit of the Crown P Was there or Was there not, in the conduct of the Ministers of Canada, an animus hostile to interests which ought to- be protected P After exposing the proceedings of the Canadian authorities, and the "petitioning conspiracy," Mr. D.sraeli vindi- cated the motion of Mr. Herries, which he contrasted with the "do-nothing" speech of Mr. Gladstone, and appealed to th House not by their vote to sacrifice the national :kouour or t' royal word. lr. S. HERBERT said lie did nut cIuite anprove of the moti- of Mr. Herries but he had made up fü.; maid, though with diffi- culty, to support it. After a few remarks from Lord John RUSSELL, the amendmeni moved by Mr. Herries was negatived by 291 to 150. Some bills were advanced a stage, and tile other orders an' motions having been disposed of, The House adjourned at half-p-ist one o'clock.
BADEN. The Prussian troops were to attack the Baden insurgents on the 16th. The insurgents are commanded by Mieroslawsky. On the morning of the 13th an affair took place near Wald- michelbach, in Odenwald, with a body of workmen of Manheim and some Swiss carabiniers, who were endeavouring to make an irruption in the Grand Duchy. They were put to flight by the Mecklenburg dragoons, under the command of Colonel Witzleben. At Worms, on the 13th, the Prussian Hussars and the sol- diers of the Palatinate came to blows, in which the latter had five killed and three wounded, and the former three killed and one wounded. There are 2,000 Prussian troops in Worms.
WURTEMBURG. In the sitting of the German National Assembly, at Stutt- gardt, on the 13th, the decree of the Government of Mecklen- burgh Schwerin recalling its two deputies, was read, and pro- tested against by both of them. Raveaux, one of the Regency, informed the Chamber they had written to Generals Peucker and Miller, to aid in restoring peace to the empire. The first had made no reply. The second answered that he was bound only to obey the Archduke John, who had appointed him General of the troops of the empire. In consequence, M. Ilaveaux said the Regency had deposed him, and had informed the Wurtemburg Government that General Miller no longer held the command of the 8th division. The Regency had resolved to form an army for the protection of the territory of the empire and the constitution, and had called on Baden, the Palatinate, and Wurtemburg, for 5,000 infantry and four squa- drons of artillery from each for that purpose.
DEPARTURE OF TWO OF TIIU STATE…
DEPARTURE OF TWO OF TIIU STATE PRISONERS. The sentence of ten years' transportation each, says Monday's Times, has been at length carried into effect upon Mr. John Martin and Mr. Kevin O'Doherty, the editors respectively of the Irish Felon and Tribune newspapers. On Saturday morning, at half-past five o'clock, a single covered vehicle conveying the governor of the convict prison depot arrived at the gates of the Richmond Penitentiary. That official was the bearer of the warrant of the Irish Executive for the delivery of the bodies of John Martin and Kevin Izod O'Doherty. Soon after abody of mounted police arrived, accompanied by the black cart, or prison van, which, with its escort, entered the prison gates and drew up in the inner yard. The query was then put if the prisoners were ready. The reply was, that they were asleep, and that they would then be roused. So secret were all the arrangements kept that none of the public had the least intelli- gence of the intended removal of the two prisoners. At about half-past six o'clock Mr. Martin issued from his cell, and stood in the prison-hall prepared for departure. He bade a kindly farewell to the governor and officials, and warmly shook hands with one or two gentlemen who were present. Mr. O'Doherty then came out, dressed as if for travelling. Mr. Martin ex- pressed himself as in good health, but there appeared a painful shortness in his breathing, and his cheeks seemed flushed. Mr. O'Doherty looked in rather delicate health, but both main- tained a sad but firm bearing. As they stood in the hall a side door opened, and Mr. Smith O'Brien stood in the doorway, having come from his cell to bid farewell to his fellow-prisoners, perhaps for ever. This scene was soon over, and turning away from the door, which closed again on their friend, the two pri- soners announced themselves ready. Mr. M'Manus came down also, and wished to remain and see them depart, but this privi- lege was not allowed him. He took his brief and painful adieu, and returned to the solitude of his prison. After some delay in getting fixed the articles of baggage belonging to the prison- ers, the van, with its escort, issued from the prison gates, where it was met by nearly a regiment of dragoons— the advanced guard with loaded carbines, and the rest with swords drawn. Mr. O' Ferrall, inspector of police, was present. The correge set off at a gallop along the Circular-road, skirting the city, and struck in on the Kingstown highway at Baggot-street Bridge, and thus at a rapid pace proceeded to Kingstown, where, we understand, the Trident war-steamer was awaiting the arrival of the prisoners, with orders to proceed, after having received them on board, to Cork Harbour, where she will land the pri- soners at Spike Island.
HARVEST PROSPECTS. The reports received on Saturday of the progress of the cereal crops are, without any exception, extremely satisfactory, and the long continuance of fine weather holds out every prospect of an unusually early and, for its extent, abundant harvest. Not so decisive are the accounts of the potato, with respect to which there seems to be great diversity of opinion, no two authorities agreeing as to the extent, if any, in which the crop is likely to suffer from the unquestionable symptoms of blight which have already shown themselves in some districts where a large breadth has been planted. All that can be gathered from these conflicting statements is the surmise that, as last year, the failure will be but partial, and that enough will be saved to supply the wants of those who can afford to buy at four times the value paid in seasons previous to the appearance of the disease. To the poor they must remain forbidden fruit. Even in Dublin, among mechanics and labourers with tolerable wages, they have long ceased to be an article of consumption, bread being found to be much cheaper as well as more nutri- tious. So far the absence of the potato should be hailed rather as a blessing than an evil.
lUligtmis Mdltgim .'
lUligtmis Mdltgim HOLYWELL.—The anniversary meeting of the congregational church worshiping at the Tabernacle, in this town, was held on Monday evening and Tuesday, the 11th and 12th inst. On the evening of Monday sermons were delivered by the Revs. E. Davies, Newmarket, and D. Roberts, Cemmaes, Anglesea. On Tuesday, at ten o'clock, the Revs. D. Price, Denbigh, and R. Thomas, Rhos, At two, the Revs. J. Roberts, Huthin, and H. Pugh, Mostyn. At six, the Revs. L. Everett, Llangwyfan, and J. Roberts, Ruthin. The several services were introduced by the Revs. O. Owens, Rhesycae, J. Ridge, Jerusalem, &c. The place of worship was well attended by an attentive congregation, and at the close of each service liberal contributions were made towards liquidating the debt remaining on it. ABERGELE.—The Rev. Jonah Lloyd has resigned his charge in this place, and the pulpit will henceforth be supplied by the neighbouring ministers and lay preachers. WELSH CONGREGATIONAL CHURCHES.—The anniversaries of tne associated ATeisn cnurcnes, in ami iibuut London, were held this year in the following order:-On Sunday, May 20th, at Bedford-street, Commercial-road, sermons were preached in the morning at ten o'clock by the Rev. David Davies, Guildford-street chapel, and the Rev. Thomas Davies, Morristown, Glamorganshire. At two, by the Rev. Hugh James, Llansantfraid, Montgomeryshire, and the Rev. John Davies, Mynyddbach, Glamorganshire; and at six, by the Rev. Messrs. T. and J. Davies. On Sunday and Monday, May 27 and 28, at Guildford-street chapel, Southwark, sermons were delivered at ten, two, and six o'clock, both days, by the Rev. Messrs. Job Thomas, Deptford, Hugh James, Llansantfraid. William Evans, Wesleyan, Friar-street, William Morris, Abergwilly, Carmarthenshiie, and D. Thomas, Nebo, Monmouthshire. June 3, at Woolwich, the Rev. Messrs. William Morris, Hugh James, and John Davies, preached at ten, two, and six o'clock. June 10, at Deptford, and Fetter-lane, sermons were preached by the Revs. George, Ruthin, Carnarvonshire, Hugh James, John Davies, and William Morris. The different services were introduced by Messrs. E. Evans, S. Harris, O. Davies, O. Jones, D. Davies, and others. Great unity prevails in the churches of this union, a deeply religious feeling was produced in the different services of the anniversaries, the congregations on some occasions wore too numerous hundreds can testify that it was good to be there. NEW INDEPENDENT CHAPEL, CAIIMARTIIEN.—The foundation stone of a new Independent chapel, in connection with the congre- gation assembling at Lammas-street chapel, Carmarthen, was laid on Tuesday, the 12th, at Ffynonddrain, in the immediate vicinity of that town. The stone was laid by Mrs. Davies, Waunllane, who was assisted by Messrs. W. G. Thomas, J. Lewis, and Thomas Griffiths, three of the deacons of Lammas-street chapel. The Rev. H. Jones (who had previously given out a hymn, which was de- voutly sung by the thousands assembled) prayed, and the vast assemblage was then addressed by Alderman W. G. Thomas, Rev. H. Evans, Baptist minister, Rev. J. Thomas, Bwlchnewydd, Rev. D. Davies, Paiiteg, and the Rev. H. Jones. The services, which we need scatcely say, were highly interesting, were closed by prayer from the Rev. D. Davies, after which the congregation sung a hymn. PROVIDENCE INDEPENDENT CHAPEL, PONTYPOOL.—The an- niversary sermons of the above place of worship were preached on Sunday last, June 17th, 1849; in the morning and evening by the Rev. II. B. Lees, Cambridge, and the afternoon in Welsh bv the Rev. G. Griffiths, Newport. The congregations were good, and the collections exceeded the most sanguine expectations of the friends. The following day (Monday), the Rev. J. Keddle, V. D. M., was solemnly ordained pastor of the Church in the presence of a vMt assembly. The morning ser- vice commenced with singing, after which the Rev. II. B. Lees, of Cambridge, read the scriptures and prayed. The Rev. T. Gillman, of Newport, then delivered the introductory address, on the nature of a Christian Church, founded on Ist Cor. xvi. 19, in a very impressive and scriptural manner. The Church signified their call to the minister by a show of hands, when he arose, and stated that he accepted the call. The usual questions were then put and answered^satisfactorily, when the Rev. David Thomas, the oldest minister In the COunty association, offered up the ordination prayer, with imposition"of hands, in the most fervent and s demn mariner. The Rev. n. Lewis, of Usk, then delivered an impressive charge to the minister from 2 Tim. c. iv. v. 5, and in the evening the Rev. J. II. Bunn, of Abergavenny, addressed the Church from l Thes. c. v. v. 12 and 13, in a most appropriate discourse. The following ministers were also present and touk part in the services:—The Rev. Messrs. Davies, Penmain, Owen, Mill-?:reet, Newport, Lewis Evans (Baptist), and others. The day was very favoura- ble, and the prospects of minister and church are cheering.
HOUSE OF COMMONS.—WEDNESDAY,…
HOUSE OF COMMONS.—WEDNESDAY, JUNE 13. The Cruelty to Animals Bill was read a second time. COUNTY RATES AND EXPENDITURE BILL. Mr. HUME moved the second reading of this bill, the object of which was to change the present mode of management of county rates, and to place them upon a similar footing to that of the rates in boroughs. He was not prepared to defend the details of the bill, and was willing to refer it to a select committee. Mr. H. DRUMMOND seconded the motion. Sir J. PAKINGTON moved, as an amendment, that a select committee be appointed to inquire into the expenditure of counties, with a view to ascertain if it could not be placed upon a better footing as regarded management. The hon. baronet considered the bill impracticable, and liable to great objection in many re- spects, both in principle and details6 Sir G. GREY did not see much difference in point of principle between affirming the second reading of the bill, and agreeing to the committee in the terms of the amendment. But as he consi- dered the latter the more practical mode of proceeding with the question, he would support the amendment. After a discussion, in which Mr. HENLEY, Mr. V. SMITH, Mr. W. PATTEN, Mr. ROEBUCK, Mr. PACKE, Mr. C. LEWIS, and other hon. members took part, the House divided. For the second reading 96 For the amendment 154 I Majority 58 The effect of this division was, that Sir J. Pakington's amend- ment became the main question before the House. Mr. MILNER GIBSON thereupon moved an amendment to the effect that the inquiry of the proposed committee should embrace some mode whereby the ratepayers would have more effective con- trol over county expenditure. After a desultory discussion, the gallery was cleared for a divi- sion, but none took place. Mr. HENLEY moved the adjournment of the debate and on a division there were— Fortheadjournmeat. 83 Against it 131 1 Majority 48 Lord BROOKB then moved that the House do adjourn, and the discussion on the motion continued until the hour of six arrived, when the House rose as a matter of course.
HOUSE OF COMMONS.—THURSDAY,…
HOUSE OF COMMONS.—THURSDAY, JexE 14. CANADA. On the order of the day for the consideration of the report of the Committee of Supply on Colonial Services, Mr. GLADSTONE called the attention of the House to certain parts of the recent act to provide compensation for rebellion losses in Canada. The question, he observed, was of vast importance; it involved the first principles and duties of Government, and touched the very foundation of all social order. He should con- fine himself strictly to Imperial considerations. He admitted that the onus was with him to show a case for the interference of Par- liament; and he adopted the doctrine laid down by Lord J. Russell in 1839, that there were cases of internal policy in a colony wherein the honour of the Crown and the safety of the supreme Government were so seriously involved that it would be unfit to delegate authority with respect to them to the colonial Government. The question arose upon the act of the Canadian Parliament purporting to provide for the indemnifying of persons in Lower Canada whose property was destroyed during the rebel- lion of 1837 and !838. The first question was, whether this act was passed for the purpose of indemnifying, or was intended to embrace the indemnification of, persons who had borne arms against the State. If so, secondly, could it be said that such an act of legislation involved only local or Imperial considerations thirdly, if the latter, was it consistent or at variance with the honour and dignity of the Crown ? With regard to the last two questions, no serious doubt could be felt as to this being an Im- perial consideration, and that such a measure would be inconsistent with the honour of the Crown. Mr. Gladstone then entered upon an examination of the enactments contained in the act, pointing out the ambiguities in it, and on the expositions which had been given of the act, which would let in claims for indemnity by persons who had been guilty of high treason, and Lord Elgin had acknowledged that the Government of 18-15 intended to extend the indemnity beyond the limits of loyal subjects," and if so, it was difficult to understand how persons who had taken part in the rebellion could be excluded. He did not ask the Government to disallow the act, but for an assurance that, under the act, rebels should not be compensated, and that reasonable irrima facie evidence should be given, before parties received any public money, that they had not taken part i:1 the rebellion. Lord J. RUSSELL complained of the tendency of Mr. Glad- stone's speech to aggravate the dissensions in Canada, and that he had stated the case of one party—that in opposition—supplying them with arguments and mending their case. He concurred with him that there were cases which could not be left to local legisla- tion, and those were cases which required the utmost temper and firmness to prevent differences between the colonies aud the mother country. Lord John denied that Lord Elgin had re- ceived instructions which debarred him from asking the advice of the Crown on questions affecting Imperial policy- and the national honour. Lord Elgin had acted in his ordinary discretion, and he would not have introduced this bill but for the exigency of the circumstances. Lord John then traced the history of the indem- nity acts of Upper Canada, which, ho contended, governed this whoie case, and he showed, as he proceeded, the unfairness of Mr. Gladstone's conclusions from these previous proceedings, by which fewer restrictions had been imposed with respect to claims for rebellion losses in Upper Canada than were prescribed by the act in question. Any more stringent tests than those in the act —namely, conviction or submission and transportation—would rip up transaciions twelve years old; and it would be better to reject an indemnity bill altogether than to attempt tests which would establish in Canada a Star Chamber, dividing classes and families, branding one set of men as rebels and recognising an- other as the sole loyalists. Paying a warm tribute to the talents of Lord Elgin and the spirit of his administration., he avowed that it would be the duty of the Government to leave this act in opera- tion, .trusting that its opponents, whom lie believed to be loyal men, would, when the present excitement was over, endeavour to avert its evil consequences. Mr. HER HIES feared that Lord J. Russell was not prepared to declare that the act would not be carried into effect so tls to indem- niiy parties concerned in rebellion, and the act was so worded that no other power but the Government of this country could prevent that result, for the instructions of Lord Elgin could not do so. He concluded by moving an address to her Majesty to withhold the Royal assent to the act until her Majesty had re- ceived satisfactory assurances timt no persons who had been en- gaged in, or had aided or abetted, the rebellion should be ad- mitted to participate in the indemnity. The motion was seconded by Mr. B. COCHRANE, who made a smart attack upon Mr. Roebuck, accusing luÚi of being the advo- cate of rebels. Mr. ROKBI CK returned a spirited, but somewhat bitter reply a; d, addressing himself t» the question before the House, main- tained that the line drawn in the act was the only just one. sug- gesting -ascs in wiuch men characterised as rebels wuu.d be equitably entitled to compensation for the destruction of their property. The motion wculd be dangerous to English supremacy, not by rousing the anger of the majority in Canada, but by stimu- lating that terrible spirit by which the minority in other countries incited resistance to the determination of the majority. Mr. C. BRUCE opposed the motion and defended the act. After a brief conversation as to adjourning the debate, a division took place upon the question, that the debate be adjourned until Friday, which was carried by 172 against 107. Lord J. RUSSELL stated that the budget would be deferred until Friday week. On the motion of Lord J. RUSSELL, a select committee was ap- pointed to consider the present practice of this House in respect of the exclusion of strangers. Several bills were forwarded a stage, and the other orders being disposed of, the House adjourned at half-past one o'clock.
HOUSE OF LORDS.—FRIDAY, JUNE…
HOUSE OF LORDS.—FRIDAY, JUNE 15. THE FRENCH IN ROME. The Marquis of LANSDOWNE laid the correspondence relating to the French intervention in Italy on the table. Earl NELSON brought forward the Consular Expenditure Act Amendment Bill, the principle of which was to place the chap- lains attached to consular establishments abroad under episcopal control. The Marquis of LANSDOWNE having expressed his intention to oppose the bill, it was ultimately withdrawn, ut the suggestion of Lord REDESDALE. Their lordships then adjourned.
HOUSE OF LOJUiS.—MGXBAY, Jur,…
HOUSE OF LOJUiS.—MGXBAY, Jur, 13. The Leasehold Tenures (Ireland) B.il was read a third LiLt. and passed, af:er a division, in which the numbers were- For tiie third reading 38 Again.-t it £ 3 Majority —5 T.ie Passengers Bill was read a second time ou the mctioa Earl GUEV, and the committee fixed for Thursday next. On the motion of Lord WH.VUN.CL:F.FE, it was l-esoived that iOJi. select committee should be appointed to -consider the best of p;«venti:ig the recurrence of accidents in coal S. Lur -I A (i I, il laid on the table the report of 'the eomrniti** on the UL4 t vi -railway accounts, alHl said that lie hoped JV- i'õ.
-.. THE ROMAN STATES.
France ? Will you be accomplices of this hideous deception, and plot against liberty? Answer by deeds. Soon you will be judged, and France with you. "YOUR BRETHREN OF ROME.