THE STATE PRISONERS IN IRELAND. On Friday, it was currently reported that it had been offi- cially notified to the State prisoners that the extreme sentence passed upon them had been commuted to banishment for life to Van Diemen's Land, where, on their arrival, they were to be furnished with tickets of leave, and spared the degradation of being associated with ordinary convicts. Mr. O'Brien was labouring under considerable depression of spirits, as though he had abandoned the idea of any further mitigation of his punish- ment. The ill-fated gentleman, it is said, had insured his life to a large amount for the benefit of his younger children, and had already paid a sum of E2,000 on the policy of insurance, which becomes null and void in the event of his transportation for the crime of which he has been convicted. Mr. Meagher continues in excellent health and high spirits, and the same may be said of the other prisoners. There is no very immediate intention of removing them, and the ultimatum of the Govern- ment will not be made public until the latter end of the week. The memorial on their behalf was presented to Lord Claren- don by deputation, on Tuesday.
COUNTY OF LIMERICK ELECTION. After all, there has been no contest for the seat vacated by Mr. Smith O'Brien, Mr. Fitzgerald having withdrawn from the field, and Mr. Samuel Dickson having had a quiet walk over. The election took place on Friday, the whole proceed- ings not occupying more than half an hour. While the high shei iff was reading the writ, those passages which referred to the late member being found guilty of the crime of high treason elicited cheers from the auditory and Mr. Dickson, in the course of his speech returning thanks to the electors, expressed a hope that the Royal clemency would be extended to Mr. O'Brien.
THE NEW BISHOP. The Rev. William Higgin, Dean of Limerick, and of Ardfert and Aghadoe, is appointed to the bishopric of the united dioceses, vacant by the death of the Hon. and Right Reverend Edmund Knox, D.D.Observer. LORD GLENGALL has 1,500 acres of land in the vicinity of Cahir, for which he formerly received F- 3 an acre. He proposed recently to a Scotchman with capital, to take the tract, and he Was offered by the Scotchman 15s. an acre for it.
THE POTATO BLIGHT. D UBLIN, SUNDAY EVENING.—A Belfast paper states that in the counties of Antrim and Down, where a large breadth of potatoes had been planted, some cases of blight have occurred, which leave little doubt of a recurrence of the old disease. The accounts from the west, on the contrary, are highly favourable.
THE CHOLERA. The disease has nearly, if not altogether, subsided in Gal way and Mayo in the town of Athlone, however, there have been several fatal cases towards the close of the week. Amongst the victims was Quartermaster Tarleton, of her Majesty's 4th Light Dragoons, at present stationed in the garrison.
STATE OF ULSTER. A northern journal (the Monaghan Standard) is extremely indignant with certain speech makers and others who have been lately declaiming and writing upon the superior industry, prosperity, and social order of Ulster. This, it seems, is mere moonshine, too empty and unsubstantial for the digestion of the Standard. Ulster is not prosperous. She is dreadfully destitute." Armagh, in fact, has changed places with Mayo, and Antrim and Down with Clare and Galway. The landlords of the black north are bankrupts, her traders are insolvent, her farmers are flying from the charnel which is seething around them—but it is better to let the writer finish his tale of horrors Her workhouses are crammed to suffocation, and her poor are dying in hundreds for lack of food-her resources of home- grown produce are totally exhausted, and her people are depen- dent for food upon the foreign supplies which are daily rolled into the interior upon the railways her own produce was forced into the early and less remunerative markets of England, that money might be procured to meet the imperative demand of the tax col- lector the first right of the producer to retain sufficient for his own consumption was negatived by an unwise law; and he, the produce of whose toil was drained from him and his children to feed the then destitute, now stands naked and poor as the veriest pauper in the land. There are nearly 1,800 souls daily receiving relief in the small union of Castleblayney, there is an equal number in the Monaghan workhouse and its auxiliaries, there are about 3.000 persons receiving in and out-door relief in the union of Clonest and yet the greatest stretch of imagination in happier times never calculated that more than 800 could be in need of as- »iotonoe k any one of those districts, and the houses were erected to suit that imagination. Notwithstanding the immense congre- gation of misery heaped together in those receptacles of poverty, numerous hordes of houseless wanderers roam the country, and infest the towns, with their gaunt faces and vacant eyes proclaim- ing intense suffering, with their bodies half covered with rags, the filth of which is enough to create pestilence, if none already existed. Sights the most disgusting start up in every corner; destitution the most appalling meets the eye on every side; poverty the deepest pervades the hamlet and the farm-house; hunger, gnawing hunger, wastes down the strong man and de- moralises the hitherto virtuous woman and yet men prate of the prosperity of Ulster, and legislators decide that this prosperity, of which we have given but a slight sketch, must bear an additional burden to support other portions of the country which are said to be worse off even than we are."
SECRET SOCIETIES. Dr. Cane, Mayor of Kilkenny, in a letter to the Kilkenny Journal, says :—" My object is to call your attention to the sad fact, that secret associations and swearing-in for some political purposes have reached our county and city, and are progressing amongst our people. I have become fully and satisfactorily cognisant of the truth of this statement with a depression of spirit which far outweighs anything I have felt in by-gone suffering; and I address these hurried lines to you asking that the press and the clergy would combine their united influences to dissuade from so ruinous a movement the misguided men who are falling into the snare. You know I ever deprecated secret associations-and, surely, it must be now deprecated more than ever."
LOVE YOUR ENEMIES.—There were some who felt the ill opinion of their brethren to be very humbling, and who humbled themselves to bear it; then in time they had comfort in forgiving their enemies and at last, they grew fit for a sweeter pleasure still, which yet remained for of all the thrillings that God's spirit makes in men's hearts, there is none so sweet as the first stirrings of the LOVE of enemies. There is no love so altogether good —at least for us here. It is as yearning as that of a mother for her child, and as tender as that of lovers and I should say, more holy than either, for theirs is natural to them in their mortal life, though it may be the purest part of it. While the other love is an instinct belonging to the immortal life a tongue of fire, sent down upon the chosen one here and there gifting them with the language of angels, to tell us on this side of the grave what we shall find beyond! One inust see that to such as these, the wicked have Ceased from troubling, and their weariness has long sunk into rest without help from death.From the Billow of the Rock, a tale, by Harriett Martineau. i LONDON AND NORTH WESTERN.—Steps are being taken for the. establishment of a general post-office at this company's central station at Wolverton,. it being much desired by com- mercial travellers. This company have just commenced run- ning a novel kind of conveyance, called the family carriage," for the use 01 families aud servants.
HOUSE OF COMMONS.—THURSDAY, MAY 31. Mr. NICHOLL took the oaths and his seat for Cardiff. COMMITTEE OF SUPPLY. Sir H. WILLOUGHBY, in consequence of the continued ab- sence of Mr. Hume, moved on his behalf that the vote for wages to artificers in the navy estimates, amounting to £ 764,743,— which was E46,000 below the vote of last year,—be further re- duced by £ 50,000, contending that, as our steam navy had now been completed, a large reduction in this item must be practica- ble whereas it was considerably in excess of the last seven years. Sir F. BARING said, the dockyard establishments must, to a certain extent, be in proportion to the force necessary to be kept up that the maintenance of a steam navy required a more ex- pensive class of artificers. Mr. HENLEY complained of the progressive increase in this item. Captain PECHELL directed the attention of the House to the merits of Mr. Jeffrey's marine glue, to which Sir C. BURRELL and Sir J. TYRELL bore strong testimony. The motion was withdrawn, and the resolution was then agreed to. The report of the Committee of Supply (army estimates) was brought up and agreed to. The House then went into committee of supply on civil contin- gencies, part of the miscellaneous estimates. On Mr. HAYTER placing the vote of £ 100,000 in the hands of the Chairman, Mr. B. OSBORNE said, he wished to call the attention of the House to a few extraordinary items in the miscellaneous estimates. What he complained of was the absence of all principle in cutting down the estimates. The total amount of the miscellaneous esti- mates was £ 3,000,000, but it was stated there was a saving of £ 30,000 this year, while there was a material reduction in the vote for building the Houses of Parliament, which he considered very questionable economy. There was still an increase of £5,000 in those votes as compared with 1847. In their present shape the miscellaneous estimates were so unmanageable he thought they should be divided into votes for civil services, colonial ser- vices, and public buildings. Under the head of Civil contin- gencies" they had large sums for all sorts of special missions. First there was a vote for determining our boundary in America, which had cost the country a very large sum of money for several years back. Next there was a vote of Y,2,000 for Lord Minto's special mission. To that mission, after Lord Palmerston's ex- planation of its object, he did not object, but he wished to know what its total cost had been, or if they were to have another charge on the same head next year also. He would also wish to have an estimate of the total cost of Colonel Wylde's mission to Portugal, which was down in the estimates this year for JE595. There should also be some explanation of the negotiations with Buenos Ayres, which had cost so much already, and which were again chargeable to the public this year to the amount of £ 1,100. Having congratulated the House on the small outlay for the pas- sage of bishops, the hon. member next objected to the vote of iC 100 for the President of Liberia. He did not know enough of geography to be aware where Liberia was. Next came the votes for the household, not being part of the civil list. First, they had the charge for the triennial trumpets. Now, it waste be observed that, though the trumpets were triennial, the vote was annual. There were also votes for watermen, and robes and collars for knights, to a considerable amount. He was surprised to see an item for the travelling expenses of the King of the Belgians on a visit to this country. He thought that any royal personage or any gentleman should be ashamed to send in a bill of such a de- scription to be defrayed by the monarch whom he visited. The financial reformers should look to the charges for commissions, which came to a very considerable amount. He should like to know when they were to hear the end of the commission to settle the claims of British subjects on Portugal? He thought these items involved a profuse and extravagant expenditure of public money. There was a charge of C865 for the Fine Arts Commis- sion. What had they done? Every one had his opinion upon the frescoes in the Lords, and he should not say anything further than to ask that the people should be informed what these gentle- men had done for E6,000, which they had received since 1842. Then they had the metropolitan improvement, the health of towns, and the application of iron to railway commissions. When were they all to end ? The commission on the management of the Mint had presented their report, but it had not been acted upon. He observed, also, an item of £ 50 for casts of the Phigalian mar- bles as a preseut to the King of Greece. He thought it would be much better, if the country had any money to make presents with, to bestow it on that most enterprising traveller Mr. Layard. That would really be a proper use for their money. Again, he found Sir J. M'Adam down for JE610 Is. 9d. for making up ab- stracts of turnpike trust accounts for the bill of Government, which they had lately abandoned. Whenever any gentleman got an evangelical fit, the country had to pay for it. Then there was an item of C462 for forms of prayer and thanksgiving, while a similar charge appeared in the estimates last year. Next came iC60 4s. 5d., for presents to the Sultan of Johanna. He hoped the right hon. gentleman (Mr. Hayter) would give some account of him. He thought Government should enter into a contract with the Electric Telegraph Company, instead of paying them for work done. The hon. gentleman having made some further observa- tions on several small votes, concluded by declaring that, unless the House called for the retrenchment of such votes as these, all attempts to reduce the burdens of the country would be useless. Amongst other items was one of E2,500 on account of the com- mission tor inquiring into the constitution and management of the Royal Mint, which gave rise to a sharp discussion. Mr. GLADSTONE protested against the principle of appointing a commission to inquire into matters which were within the proper cognizance of the Master of the Mint, who might have reformed the constitution of his establishment with gratuitous assistance. The CHANCELLOR of the EXCHEQUER defended the appoint- ment of the Commission. Sir George CLERK complained of certain charges which had been made in the evidence taken and published by the Commis- sioners, reflecting upon the officers of the Mint, who had had no opportunity of justifying themselves. Mr. SUEIL explained the circumstances connected with the charges brought by Mr. Pistrucci against Mr. Brande, as well as the saving which would accrue from adopting the recommenda- tions of the Commissioners. Mr. GOULBURN said the public had a right to expect that the Master of the Mint should reform his establishment, and charac- terised the payment of £ 1,800 to Colonel Forbes, the Chief Com- missioner, as an act of extravagance. Mr. LABOUCHERE said, although no blame attached to the officers of the Mint, the system required improvement, and the appointment of the Commission was the best mode of conduct- ing the preliminary inquiry. Mr. GLADSTONE hoped that the question of contract would be well considered before it was abandoned (as suggested by the Com- missioners). and the State undertook this delicate manufacture. The debate then returned to its former miscellaneous cha- racter. The vote was agreed to, after a division upon an amendment moved by Mr. OSBORNE, to reduce the amount by E20,000, which was negatived. The Defects in Leases Bill and the Passengers Bill went through committee. The Police of Towns (Scotland) Bill was referred to a select committee. The House then went into committee on the Registering Births. &c. (Scotland) Bill, the Chairman obtaining leave to sit again in order to consider certain reserved clauses. The House next went into committee on the Clergy Relief Bill, when Mr. LACY moved the insertion of a clause precluding a person relieved by sentence of deposition from being re-ordained. Mr. BOUVERIE objected to the clause as unnecessary, and the motion was withdrawn. Sir W. SOMERVILLE obtained leave to bring in a bill to amend an act for the regulation of municipal corporations in Ireland another for the improvement of the city ot Dublin; and another to provide for the collection of rates in that city. The SOI.ICITO IT-GENERAL had leave to bring in a bill to amend the Joint-Stock Companies' Winding-up Act. Mr. C. LEWIS had leave to bring in a bill requiring annual re- turns of the expenditure on highways in England and Wales. After these bills were brought in and read a first time, the House adjourned. ———-
HOUSE OF LORDS.—MONDAY, JUNE 4. In consequence of a request made by Lord REDE.SDAI.E, on the part of the Bishop of OXFORD, who was absent from indisposition, The Marquis of LANSDOWNE conseiiU-d to postpone the third readlngi of the Navigation Bill till this day week. The order of the day for the third reading this day was then discharged,-and the Lords were ordered to be summoned for next Tuesday. Lord STANLEY asked whether the correspondence between the Committee of the Council on Education and the heads of the Church had been brought to a conclusion, and whether the terms which had been agreed on were such as to remove the objections of the members of the Established Church. Ihe Marquis of LANSDOWNE was sorry that the correspondence had not yet terminated. He thought it proper that the correspond- ence should be brought to a conclusion before it was presented to Parliament; but if he should find that any considerable time was likely to elapse before it was finished, he would lay it upon the table as far as it had gone, as lie was most anxious that the attention of both Houses of Parliament should be called to the subject. After some discussion on a petition from certain shareholders in the Caledonian Railway, who complained of the misapplication of the funds of the society, Lord POUTMAN moved the second reading of the Landlord and Tenant Bill, which was agreed to on a division, when the numbers were- Content g Non-content 5 •-f. Majority — 4 Majority 4
SUPPLY-MISCELLANEOUS ESTIMATES. The House then resolved itself into a Committee of Supply, Mr. Bernal in the chair. The following votes were agreed to:— £ 110,117 for super- annuation allowances and compensation to persons who had been employed in the public service E4,100 for the relief of American loyalists and other charges iC2,000 for the National Vaccine Establishment; E2,000 for the Refuge for the Destitute CS,900 for the relief of Polish and Spanish refugees.
AUSTRALIAN COLONIES. Mr. HAWES then moved for leave to bring in a bill for the better government of the Australian colonies. After a few words in its favour from Messrs. GLADSTONE V. SMITH, M'GREGOR, and Lord John RUSSELL, and a speech against it from Captain HARRIS, leave was given to bring in the bill. Sir W. SOMERVILLE obtained lea\e to bring in, and brought in, a bill to abolish the gaol of Newgate, in Dublin, and for other pur- poses, and another bill to make temporary provision relating to the collection of county cess in Ireland. The Hsuse adjourned at a quarter to twelve o'clock.
HOUSE OF LORDS.—TUESDAY, JUXE 5. BANKRUPT LAW CONSOLIDATION BILL. Lord BROUGHAM presented several petitions in favonr-of the Bankrupt Law Consolidation Bill, and called the attention of the House to the benefits which the mercantile community would de- rive from the measure should it become law. After some observations from Lords CAMPBELL and WHAKN- CI.IFFE the bill was recommitted. The Marquis of LANSDOWNE expressed himself much pleased at the alterations proposed by Lord Brougham. In reply to a question from Lord BUOUGHAM, Earl GREY said that the whole of the official information from Cauada was con- tained in the papers on their lordships' table. The report on the Leasehold Tenureof Lands (Ireland) Bill was then brought up, and the third reading fixed for Friday. Their lordships then adjourned.
HOUSE OF COMMONS.—TUESDAY, JUNE 5. NATIONAL REPRESENTATION. Mr. HUME moved for leave to bring in a bill to amend the na- tional representation, by extending the elective franchise to all householders, and by enacting that votes shall be taken by ballot, that the duration of Parliaments shall not exceed three years, and that the proportion of representatives to the population be rendered more equal. He premised that the Reform Act, although it had produced great benefit, had fallen far short of what he had ex- pected from the measure, and it was because of its short-coming that he proposed to carry it further, by enactments which, so far from being fraught with danger, as alleged, would tend to real is*
MAIL COMMUNICATION WITH ENGLAND. It is understood that the following is the intended change to take place in the despatch of the mail from Dublin after the 20th instant, consequent on the doing away with the contract mail packets to Liverpool from Kingstown:—The mail to leave the General Post-office at ten minutes to six o'clock p.m. (instead of ten minutes to four o'clock as at present), leaving Kingstown for Holyhead at half-past six o'clock. From Holy- head the correspondence, &c., will be despatched about mid- night, so as to arrive in Liverpool for first delivery of letters in the morning there. Letters for London, &c., by the above mail will be sent from Chester by morning express train, reach- ing London about one o'clock in the day. From Liverpool there will be but one despatch daily for Ireland-viz at nine o'clock p.m. via Chester-whence the corrqspondence will be brought by the down night mail from London, arriving in Dublin about twelve to one o'clock (noon), instead of, as at present (in ordinary weather), seven o'clock in the morning. No change in the despatch of morning mail lor London, &c., at 11.30 a.m. from Kingstown. The morning mail at ten o'clock a.m. from London will be despatched as at present; but the Irish correspondence is to come via Chester, where it will reach at 4.15 p.m., remain there till the arrival from London of the five o'clock express train, due in Chester at 10.15 p.m., whence the Irish mail bags will be immediately forwarded (after six hours' detention), arriving at Holyhead about half-past one in the morning the packet to leave there about two o'clock a.m., and be due at the General Post-office at seven o'clock a.m.
HOUSE OF COMMONS.—FRIDAY, JUNE 1. Lord John RUSSEIJ., with reference to a statement recently made by a rev. correspondent, that a corpse cast upon the coast of Ireland had been converted into human food, gave an ex- planation which divested the occurrence of its most repulsive features; and took occasion to remark that such exaggerations and distortions of facts tended t,) shake confidence in Irish reports which might be better founded. His lordship announced that the CHANCELLOR of the EXCHEQUER would make his financial statement on Friday, the 15th inst. The House then went into COMMITTEE OF SUPPLY. On the vote of L103,467 for the maintenance and repair of royal palaces and public buildings, for providing water for the same, for furniture watching, and lighting, from the 1st of April, 1849, to the 31st of March, 1850, Mr. B. OSBORNE said The first item in the present vote was £ 750 for Buckingham Palace. That, to be sure, was a very small sum but on turning to a page of the estimates a little further on, they would find there was a total sum ofjE50,000 to be still pro- vided on the estimated cost of improving and enlarging Bucking- ham Palace. The Chancellor of the Exchequer shook his head, but he (Mr. Osborne) could only go by what he found in the paper he held in his hand. It was well the public should know what had been already spent on Buckingham Palace. In 1831 a commit- tee sat to inquire into the condition of the public palaces, and re- ported that the sum expended on that edifice, exclusive of the marble arch, was £ 613,296 odd. If they added to that Y,150,000, the estimated cost of making the new east front, and altering and improving the building, they would see Buckingham Palace had cost the public no less than £763,296. Surely they should have been able to build a palace in every way fitting for the sovereign of this country for such an enormous amount of money, instead of such a building in a hole as Buckingham Palace. Besides a vote of iC6,550 for supplying Windsor Castle with water, &c., there was a vote of 1:10,000 for an increased supply of water, for general cleansing of drains, and especially for the further protection of the castle from fire, &c.; making £ 16,600 altogether. Ithad been justly observed last night, that where a round sum appeared without shillings and pence, the vote was destined to recur year after year. Since 1824 there had been expended on Wisor Castle 11,498,516, and the votes now proposed for flushing the drains, &c., raised the amount to £ 1,516,000. Looking to that House in the capacity of a House of Commons, was the system such as ought to exist? Did they deserve the name which, in the eyes of Europe, they arrogated to themselves, as guardians of the public purse ? If they were truly guardians of the public purse, would £ 1,500,000 have been expended on one palace.and C753,000 on another, one of them not being fit for the accommodation of the Sovereign ? He would not go to a division he would probably be supported by only a baker's dozen." It was with no feelings of disrespect towards the Sovereign that he called the attention of the House to the pre- sent subject. But if sums were to be squandered away in build- ing, removing, and re-building, as they had been, the whole re- venue of the country might be sucked up by similar charges. When complaints were made of excessive expenditure, they were told in the House of Commons that it was the fault of the House of Commons. It would not be his fault if that charge were made any more. The vote was agreed to. The following votes were then carried £ 3,284 for the tem- porary Houses of Parliament £ 45,771 for Holyhead harbour £ 141,500 for harbours of refuge; £ 10,000 for the Caledonian canal. On the vote of C24,233 for public buildings, &c., in Ireland, Mr. SPOONER wished to know why there should be items of £1,114 for repairs, and of XIII for furniture to Maynooth College, making y,1,225 in all, after the grant which Parliament had given to that establishment for the extension and improvement of the buildings ? The CHANCELLOR defended the vote, and after a division it was carried. The following votes were likewise agreed to .-— £ 9,550 for the repairs of Kingstown harbour, and L93,200 to defray the charge of salaries and expenses of the two Houses of Parliament, and of allowances to retired officers of the two Houses. On the question that the sum of iC57,200 be granted for sala- ries, and contingent and other expenses in the department of her Majesty's Treasury, Mr. HENLEY moved a reduction of the salaries of the high offi- cers of the Government, upon the ground of the depreciation of commodities, and the diminution of incomes, as a step to the re- duction of all fixed official salaries upon the same principle. This proposition set some discordant elements in motion. Amongst its opponents were Colonel THOMPSON, Mr SLANEY, Sir H. VERNEY, Mr. GOULBURN, Mr. BROTHERTON, and Mr. SIMEON whilst it was supported by Mr. DRUMMOND, Mr. O'CONNOR, Alderman SIDNEY, Sir J. TYRELL, Mr. BUCK, Mr. SPOONER, and Mr. COBDEN, the latter, however, severing the reasons of his sup- port from those assigned by the mover. 0 Upon a division the motion was negatived by 84 against 33. The following votes were then agreed to, some of them, how- ever, not without opposition:— £ 25,400 to defray the expenses of the office of Secretary of State for the Home Depart- ment C76,000 for the expenses of the Foreign Department! Y,36,900 for the office of the Secretary of State for the Colonies E43,000 for the Department of the Privy Council and the Board of Trade; £ 2,000 for the Lord Privy Seal f23,900 for the office of Paymaster-General of the Forces iC6,626 for the office of the Controller-General of the Exchequer £ -2,700 for the State Paper- office £ 2,540 for the Ecclesiastical Commissioners for England and Wales; C240,000 for the expenses connected with the admi- nistration of the Poor-law 445,694 for the Mint; X7,996 for Railway Commissioners; X12,822 for salaries and expenses in respect to the care and arrangement of the public records 1111879 for salaries and expenses of inspectors, &c., of factories, mines, &r.; £ 1,755 for salaries of certain officers in Scotland, and other charges formerly paid from the hereditary revenue Z6,464 for salaries of officers and attendants in the household of the Lord- Lieutenant of Ireland 124,235 for salaries and expenses in the office of the chief secretary to the Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland, and iu the Irish Privy Council; Z5,596 for salaries and expenses in the office of the Paymaster of Civil Services in Ireland Z39,562 fur salaries and expenses of the Board of Public Works in Ireland; ^277,762 for stationery, printing, and binding for the several Government departments in Great Britain, Ireland, and the colo- tiies £ 16,000 to complete the sum necessary to defray the law charges and salaries, &c., connected with the office of Solicitor to the Treasury £9,000 to defray the expenses connected with the prosecution of offenders against the laws relating to gold and silver coin; C 17,700 for expenses incurred by sheriffs; also to make good the deficiency in the fees in the office of the Queen's Remembrancer in the Exchequer, &c.; f 10.370 for salaries and expenses connected with the Insolvent Debtors Court; E73,730 for law expenses in Scotland SC,3,991 for the expense of criminal prosecutions, and other law charges in Ireland £35,500 towards defraying the charge of the metropolitan police of Dublin; £ 258,000 for certain charges formerly paid out of the county rates £ 702,523 for prisons and convict services. The vote of t9,827 for the establishment at Labuan, in Borneo, was assailed with much vigour by Mr. COBDEN, who complained of its extravagance, and a similar sentiment was expressed by other members on both sides of the House. The vote was de- fended by Mr. HAWES and Mr. LABOUCHEKE, and ultimately agreed to, after a smart discussion, in which the policy of keeping UP this settlement and of our endeavouring to put down Malay piracywas much canvassed. The other votes, which were numerous, gave rise to but slight debate, with the exception of that for consular establishmeuts abroad.. After this last vote, the CHAIRMAN reported progress. The Defects in Leases Bill was read a third time and passed. The public Health (Scotland) Bill was referred to a select com- mittee. The CHANCELLOR of the EXCHEQUER obtained permission to bring in a bill to amend the Silver Coinage Act, 5(i Geo. III., e. 08. The other orders having been disposed of, the House adjourned, at twelve o'clock, until Monday.
IIOUSE OF COMMONS.—MONDAV, JUNE 4. ENCUMBERED ESTATES (IRELAND) BILL. On the order for the third reading of this bill, S.r L. O'BRIEN urôeù that it be postponed for six months, iu which he was sup- ported by Colonel DUNNE and Messrs. GROGAN, NAPIER, and HENLEY. The bill was defended by Mr. SADLEIR and the AT- TOKNEY-GENERAL. The House having divided, the third reading was carried by 117 against 12, and the bill passed.
REGIUM DONUM. A sum of E6,423 having been proposed for Protestant Dissenters and other miscellaneous allowances formerly payable out of the civil list, Mr. C. LUSHINGTON said he had given notice at the commence- ment of the session that he should oppose any renewal of the regium, donum. Last year petitions had been presented from most influential bodies of Dissenters against a continuance of the grant; but this year there had been but one solitary petition to that effect from one obscure village in Derbyshire. Under these cir- cumstances he felt very much puzzled what course to adopt. He believed, however, on giving his best consideration to the matter, that he should be acting improperly in opposing a grant to the Dissenting body to which they had themselves ceased to object. Mr. WYLD said he understood that the sum of £1,695, which was proposed in that vote for Protestant Dissenters, was not the regium donum, although it was a sum for the same purpose. He believed the Dissenters were as much opposed as ever to the grant, and that the only reason they had not continued to petition against it was, that they saw very little use in addressing their prayers to that House. Lord J. RUSSELL said—So far from this grant being forced on the Dissenters, the applications for assistance from it were nume- rous, and it was distributed by Dr. Rees and others of great respectability as a matter of charity. It had been given ever since the time of George 1.; first out of the civil list, and subse- quently by Parliament. He could not, therefore, give any pro- mise that the grant would be withdrawn. Mr. B. SMITH wished to know whether the Government had any objection to furnish a list of the recipients ? Mr. WYLD expressed his regret that the noble lord should persevere in refusing to remove this st;gma from the Dissenting body, who had always regarded the noble lord with the most sincere respect. Mr. BRIGHT said that nothing could be more erroneous than the inference that because no petitions had been presented, there- fore the opinions of the Dissenters had relaxed on the subject of the grant. With regard to furnishing the names of the recipients, he thought it most unconstitutional that thousands of the public money should be distributed amongst persons of whom they knew nothing. Until the names were furnished, he for one would never believe that a thousand Dissenters had received relief from this source. He could promise the noble lord that the first list wou!d be the last; for either the parties would be deterred from applying again by the force of public opinion, or the Dissenting bodies to which they belonged would make up whatever might be neces- sary to maintain them in an independent and honourable position. Mr. W. J. Fox said this was perhaps the only vote in the esti- mates which was opposed by its nominal recipients. If the money must be granted, at all events it ought to be placed in the hands of those who represented the Dissenting bodies for whose benefit it professed to be. The present mode of distribution was peculiarly open to abuse, of which instances were within his own knowledge. It was at all times made the means of conferring undue influence on certain individuals, and was not unfivquently used for the promotion of political ends. Besides this, it was a violation of a principle to which a:l Dissenters were tirmly attached—namely, that no grant of public money ought to be made for the promotion of any particular system of theology. Mr. KERSHAW said that he had taken some pains to ascertain the parties amongst whom this grant was distributed, but without success and the conclusion was therefore forced upon him that it must either be given to unworthy objects, or to individuals not belonging to the Dissenting ministry at all. Lord J. RUSSELL certainly did not think it right to give the names of those amongst whom the money was distributed for he agreed with the hon. member for Manchester in thinking that to publish them would be to put a speedy end to the list. He denied that the money was made subservient to political purposes, or for the purpose of establishing any sort of connexion between the Dis- senting bodies and the State, or, indeed, for any objects whatever beyond those of charity. Mr. BRIGHT still objected to this hocus-pocus kind of system, under which no one could tell how the fund was distributed. The noble lord said it was a pity to expose the parties who participated in it, but he seemed to forget that he was not dealing with his own money, but that of the public. If the noble lord chose to give £ o to the Church of England, or any other church every day, he had no objection to it but he had the greatest objection to take it from those funds of which the Chancellor of the Exchequer was the trustee for the nation, and which were with difficulty raised by taxes on the community, on whom they often pressed with great inequality and injustice. If the noble lord was as much a Dis- senter as he used to be—he believed the noble lord used to attend a Dissenting chapel until hon. gentlemen opposite put a stop to it -if the noble lord knew as well as he (Mr. Bright) did, the feel- ing of Dissenters, he would be aware that a grant of this kind was not in accordance with their policy. The committee divided, when there appeared- -r or the vote 52 For the amendment 33 Majority —19 The vote was then agreed to, as were also £1,000 for the Dub- lin Fever Hospital; £ 12,093 for the House of Industry, Dublin £ 8t)0 for the Female Orphan Asylum £ -2,250 for the Lock HosI pital, Dublin F-Soi) for the Lying-in Hospital £ 1,500 for Ste- ven's Hospital, Dublin £ 3,800 for the Cork-street Fever Hospi- tal; E500 for the Hospital of Incurables; £ 37,183 for noncon- forming, seceding, and Protestant Dissenting ministers in Ireland £7,096 for charitable allowance charged on the Consolidated Fund; E14,652 to defray the expense of the General Board of Health E,2,447 for salaries and incidental expenses of the Central Board of Health in Dublin £ 18,000 cost of certain works of na- vigation connected with drainage in Ireland £ 838 repairs of the British Ambassador's house at Paris E12,000 towards defraying the expense of rebuilding the British Ambassador's house at Con- stantinople E7,300 for lighthouses abroad E3,000 for Lybster Harbour; £ 488,000 for the Commissariat Department (effective services); E43,872 for the Commissariat Department (non-effec- tive services). The House then resumed and the report of supply (the votes agreed to in the committee last week) was brought up and read. The following votes were then agreed to :°- £ 3,540 for the Ecclesiastical Commission £ 125,000 for public education in Great Britain £ 1,500 for the National Gallery, purchase of pic- tures, and expenses of the gallery.