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---THE CAMBRIAN INSTITUTION…

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THE CAMBRIAN INSTITUTION FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. On Thursday, at twelve in the morning, a meeting was held in the To with ail, at which the Dean of Llandaff presided, to listen to an address from Mr. Rhinds, the Principal of the Cambrian Institu- tion for the Deaf and Dumb, at Aberystwyth. The meeting was but thinly attended, but those who were present were evidently Biucli i ntcrcstccl. After an introductory address from the dean, in which he dwelt vpry strongly on the desirableness of removing the institution to Swansea, as much more convenient for South Wales than Aberyst- Mr RHIND came forward and said he believed- they were all aware of the object of their meeting together, which was to form an Auxiliary in aid of the Cambrian Institution for the education ot the deaf and dumb, established at Aberystwyth He felt sincere pleasure in being able to inform them that since he had left home on the 1st of May, he had succeeded in establishing fourteen auxi- liaries (hear, hear), and before he returned he had to form seven more He would first endeavour to exhibit a true picture of the deaf and dumb in their uneducated state, he would then show the method of instructing them, and for that purpose lie had brought with him two pupils from the institution; and, thirdly, he would prove by numerous instances that the instruction given had attained the desired end, namely, their happiness and welfare here, and the hopes of happiness hereafter (hear, hear). I he extent of deafness and consequent dumbness was enormous, and fai exceeded the amount thought by most persons. The reason persons were dumb was because they were deaf, as if they could hear they would be able to speak, the organs of articulation being all perfect. It would probably be scarcely credited, but it was an ascertained fact, that there were no less than 15,000 of those unfortunate human beings in the United Kingdom alone, while m Europe there were, altogether, the immense number of 140,000, and but a little more than the twentieth part of those were inmates of Deaf and Dumb Asvlums. In Wales there were upwards of 600 deaf and dumb; and in the county of Cardigan alone it appeared from inquiries made at the close of 1846, by Mr. Hugh Owen that there was no less than forty-three deaf and dumb persons, and since that return had been made, other cases had been discovered. Those cases were thus distributed,—in one family, five deaf and dumb, in two other families, four in each, in one other family, three, in four other families, two in each, and in nineteen other families, one in each. Three children, all girls, of one of the families m which were four deaf and dumb, were inmates of the Cambrian Institution, and the other, who was a boy, would be admitted as soon as Je was of a proper age. Mr. Rhind then read a very interesting extract from the North British Review, depicting the state of deaf and dumb in their original condition. It was true that in their natural condition they had a language peculiar to themselves, by^wh eh thev expressed their wants by signs, but this was very insufficient, as before they received a proper systematic education at an asylum, they had no idea of God, that they had a soul, or that there was a future state of rewards and punishments. Mr. Rhind traced the origin and progress of the methods taken to educate tne deaf and dumb. In the year 1792 the first public institution was founded in England since which time fifteen others had been established. The teachers commenced the education of the children by imitation, and writing was the first thing they were put to, and this was taught after the usual plan—first by straight strokes, then by hooks and so on after the ordinary method. The method by which the alpha- bet was taught was by writing the letter A on the board, and then making the signs on the fingers it would, of course, be no use to tell them what the letter was, as they could not hear; after two or three'letters had been taught, the next were proceeded with, and so on through the alphabet. When they were perfect in the alphabet they were taught to articulate, and this was done by feeling, as they could not hear any sound. The teacher would make a sound in the throat and put the pupil's finger to the throat, by which means he would feel a kind of vibration, and after a little practice he would be able to make the same sound. They were not taught to o-ive the names of the letters, but the sound merely; as many -words in the English ulpli&bct liuxl no sound of their own, und many were not called according to their sounds. One of the pupils, an exceedingly intelligent lad, who had only been in the institution three months, was then produced, and Mr. Rhind illustrated the system hl a very oleasing manner. As soon as the lad placed his finger on Mr. Rli iiid's throat, when he was producing for instance a guttural sound, he immediately made the same sound, very dis- tinctly and in this way went through the whole of a long lesson, very much to the satisfaction of the assembly. The other lad, who had been in the institution about eighteen months, was not taught to articulate, as in his infancy lie was affected with Saint Vitus's dance, which had impaired his organs of articu- lation, and it had been considered advisable not to teach him. Mr. Rhind then continued, stating that in some asylums articula- tion was not taught, but he placed very great importance in it. As a proof that the deaf and dumb could be educated, Mr. Rhind produced the oldest pupil, who readily and without the least hesita- tion wrote down the name of any article which was shown him, with -Lu,, orthographical perfection, and also wrote its distinguishing quality, such, for instance, as a watch, which was described as gold or silver, as the case might be. Other articles were noted down with equal accuracy, and the irregular plurals were written quite correctly. When the boy came to the institution he knew nothing whatevei, pufhad now learned the vocabularies of nouns, the genders, num- bers and their irregular formations, and he was now learning ad- jectives. To prove that the system answered the desired end, Mr. llhind produced some very well executed original drawings from models, some specimens of books, wholly printed by the boys at the Yorkshire institution; and stated that some masters preferred hav- ing deaf and dumb boys as apprentices, for the reason, as they stated, that they did not idle, as there was no talking going on. The accuracy and intelligence of the lads were very pleasing, and the auditory seemed highly delighted at the interesting exhibition. Teprove that it answered the desired end in preparing them for ..another world, Mr. Rhind read a very intelligent and pious letter, ritteu by a pupil in the Asylum at Dublin, who, with great sub- mission to the Divine will, wrote to one of her friends, saying, I am not sorry that I am deaf and dumb, for God made me so." There were other expressions in the letter which clearly proved that the child was acquainted with the leading principles of the Christian religion. He also mentioned, as a proof that the deaf and dumb could be educated so as to become useful subjects, the fact of a gen- tleman called to the bar by the benchers of the Middle Temple, and who now successfully practised as an advising barrister. In London also there was a place of worship for the deaf and dumb, and another in Glasgow, in which all the religious services were conducted by the deaf and dumb. The London Asylum was founded in 1792, and at first only six pupils were instructed, but now there were 300. The Ulster Institution, at Belfast, was established in 1831, and two years after it had only eight pupils, and those day scholars. In 1840 he (Mr. It.) took the management of it, and a house was then built for the accommodation of boarders. In 1837 there were only three auxiliaries formed, and only two boarders accommo- dated; but in 1847, when he left it, there had been ninety-five auxi- liaries formed, which contributed the large sum of £1,063. When he ^vent round in Ireland to form the auxiliaries, he was always accom- panied by a clergyman who assisted him ycry materially in explaining the objectsof the society, and he had felt the difficulty on this occasion, not having the asslstallce of a person who possessed the art of ora- tory. The committee at Aberystwyth, however, offered to appoint a paid agent, but he objected to it, as it necessarily increased the expenses he had therefore determined on bringing the two pupils with him; and on that occasion he was not there to advocate the cause, but to state facts and let them work their own way (cheers). Ho mentioned the success of the Belfast Institution, to show that public interest in behalf of those institutions did not decline, but increase. As a proof of which he need only state in addition that in 1845 the Belfast Society erected a new building which cost £10,000, the expense of which had nearly all been paid off', and thev found that the money thus raised did not in the least interfere with the amount of the annual subscriptions that in itself was a proof what could be done with the aid of auxiliaries (hear, hear), and he hoped the same success would attend the efforts now made to extend the usefulness of the Cambrian Institution (hoar, hear). It was right he should state that though Aberystwyth was chosen as the location for the institution entirely on account of its central position for North and South Wales, yet he felt sure that if a more desirable town could be found as the place for the institution, the committee would take the matter into due consideration. At pre- sent there were eleven pupils receiving instruction at the institution, and when their means increased they would be in a condition to admit more. He could state several instances in which the finger of providence was strongly marked in their behalf; one, however, would be sufficient, and it was the following-Two months ago, the whole sum they had in the treasurer's hands was 6s. 8d., auxili- aries were proposed as a likely means to increase the funds, but the question arose where could the money be obtained to pay the neces- sary expenses ? One member of the committee proposed to borrow it, but eventually it was decided to wait until the next meeting; in the mean time a meeting of the members of the Cambrian Literary Institution was held in the metropolis, who, without knowing the state of their funds, subscribed above £ 7, a Methodist Welsh con- gregation also subscribed above E7; some visitors to the insti- tution at Aberystwyth were so impressed with its utility, that they gave handsome donations, so that at the next meeting of the com- mittee there was in hand the sum of £ 22. He was glad to say, that since he had left home he had held most encouraging meetings. An auxiliary committee was then appointed in aid of the Cam- brian Institution, to consist of every annual subscriber of a guinea. The following officers were chosen —President, the Lord Bishop of Llandaff; Vice President, the Dean of Llandaff; Treasurer, An- drew Miller, Esq. Secretary, Robert Daw, Esq. Amongst other donations announced by Mr. Rhind was one from the dean of ten guineas; C. Williams, Esq., one guinea; A. Mil- ler, Esq., one guinea; Robert Daw, Esq., a guinea. Some collect- ing cards were distributed, and we understand it was intimated that the list of subscribers would be left open till the 30th of June. A vote of thanks was then passed to the dean for his able conduct in the chair, and the meeting separated. POLICE,'—MONDAY, MAY 2S.F Before R. L. Reocc, and H. Lewis, Ksqrs.] ARSAVT.T.—Nance t?. Audibort.—Complainant charged defendant with assaulting him on Tuesday last, in Mr. Oven's oftipe, sliipbroker,'■Bute-street, by striking him a backhanded blow in the face. The defendant owned having- put his hand on Audibert's shoulder to get him out of the office. W. Davis substantiated Mr. Nance's statement; and their worships after hearing Audibert's defence dismissed the case, George Halt and ilritt were charged with being1 drunk and fighting. Dismissed. Surah Coleman obtained a summons for Mr. John Williams, Running Camp, t or balance of wages and detention of her box. James Tachett was charged, with haying had a pint of ale from D. Francis, Whitmore-lane, without paying for it. After hearing the case, it appeared that complainant drew the ale after proper hours, and defendant obtained the change for 10s. without giving Francis the half-sovereign. The case was dismissed. TUESDAY, MAY 29.—[Before R. L. Recce, and H. Lewis, Esqrs.] Mr. C. Vachell applied for the opinion of the bench on a case of gross in- humanity, which had occurred in Stanley-street, where a man named Cabe had put a woman who was very ill out into the public-street. Mr. Vachell said she was dead or dying. The bench could suggest no remedy, but stated if death were at all accelerated by the circumstance, a jury would probably return a verdict of manslaughter. William Dunn v. John M'Dowell and Patrick Kelly, for an assault on Saturday night, in a house kept by James Couyhlen, in Vachells-court, whereby he had a severe kick in his right eye and also on his head. It is not yet certain if he will not lose the use of the eye. William Dunn, sworn: On Saturday night week, about 10 o'clock, I came to town and went to my lodgings in Vachells-court. I went to the lower part of the town and had some beer, I returned in about an hour. Twomencame in and had half a-gallon of ale, of which I took my share. Before it was all drank, the defendants came in; about one o'clock I went to bed, and after- wards heard a row. I got up and came downstairs. IremonstratNl with the parties for making a row. I was pulled down and kicked, M'Dowell kicked me in the eye. Another man not in custody kicked me in the side of the head, and I became insensible. It came out in the cross-examination that there were a number of persons present, and that a man named Fynn was beaten. Mary Couyhlen was sworn, but it appeared her evidence was not worth taking. James Couyhlen, swore that all the parties kicked the defendant. Owen Sweeny, was called for the defendant, and Mr. Bird, of Cowbridge, addressed the bench on the same behalf. Fined 9,3 each, or two months' imprisonment. Guiseppe Sangvinetti and Nicholo Gasparini were brought up on the charge of conveying spirits without having been duty paid. The evidence has been given before, when they were remanded. The offence was considered proved, and they were sentenced to pay £ 100 each, or imprisoned till paid. Ellen, wife of Patrick Williams, was charge with stealing some brown holland and a child's frock, the property of T. Williams, Wharton-street, on Tuesday last. Committed for trial. Thomas John appeared to answer the complaint of Mr. Stoeicdale, for placing a quantity of dung in Mellicent-strcet, thereby causing a nuisance. Dismissed on payment of costs.

MERTHYR.

BRIDGEND.

MAESTEG.

PONTYPOOLI

NEW-PORT.

USK.

NARBERTII.!

COWBRIDGE.

...'SWANSEA-''.

CARDIGAN.

CARMARTHEN.

HAVERFORDWEST.

NEATH.