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CARMARTHEN. HEALTH OF TOWNS ACT. ON Monday week, George Thomas Clark, Esq., one of the superintending inspectors appointed under the provisions of the Health of Towns Act, attended at the Council Chamber in the Guildhall, to commence his inquiry into the sanitary con- dition of the town, with a view to the Public Health Act being applied to this town, in accordance with the petition of the in- habitants, presented some time ago. The attendance was not at first so numerous as might have been expected, considering the importance of the inquiry. Amongst those present were E. H. Stacey, Esq., Capt. J. G. Philipps, 11. N., J. B. Jeffries, Esq., C. D. Williams, Esq., R. Gardnor, Esq., J. Longmore, Esq., Geo. Goode, Esq., G. Thomas, jun., Esq., town-clerk, Pi. j Brodie, Esq., &c., &c. After addressing the meeting, the inspector then proceeded to examine the town. On the next day a meeting was again held in the Council Chamber, which was more numerously at- tended. After a miscellaneous conversation had been carried on for some time, the inspector proceeded. It appeared that one of the great evils in this town was the very great deficiency of privies, indeed more so than in any town he had ever visited. In many districts of the town, there were as many as 30 or 40 houses clustered together, without such a convenience amongst the whole number; but in lieu of them various contrivances were adopted, which proved that the poor people would avail themselves of them if they could, and it showed strongly that they had a love of cleanliness, if, as it was stated, they emptied the POJ:tents in the river, which from many places was full ten minutes' walk. The Slaughter House also was in a very bad state and in the upper story there was a school, at which 103 children assembled1, whose ages averaged, according to the master's account, from seven to eight years, but many of those whom he saw were not above four or five years of age the flooring of the school-room was also out of repair, so that the slaughter place could be seen through it; he could not con- ceive a worse place for a school. In future, under the provi- sions of the Act, before a person built, he was bound to show to the satisfaction of the surveyor of the local board that he would provide all necessary conveniences, and that the houses should not be built in a damp situation. In many places he had seen during his progress through the town, the houses were so crowded together, that it was impossible now to provide a water closet for every house, but in all future buildings it was imperative on the landlord to provide such conveniences. The Legislature had enacted, and very properly, that any place of residence for a human being should be so constructed as not to injure his health. He believed, sincerely, that no class would derive greater benefits from this act being put into operation than the landlords and tenants of small tenements the Ian d lord would get a better class of sonants, he would have fewer -iT houses empty, and he would get his rents more easily, while the tenant would bo improved in morals, would be enabled to keep himself and his residence clean and wholesome, and he would altogether be in a better and more respectable position. He had heard in this town as well as almost every other that he.hcvd visited, that the lower classes would not keep them- selves clean. That was the landlord's plea, and he had no oc- casion to go further than their own town for a satisfactory answer to it. He had visited some of the yards and alleys which were badly paved or not at all, where there were con- tinual pools of water, but when he examined the interior of the houses, how great was the contrast, everything was perfectly clean, and this was to be attributed to the love of cleanliness in the occupiers. The love of whitewash seemed to prevail here to a great extent, and it contributed greatly to the clean- liness cf houses. He found the same cleanliness in the interior cf thejd wo" lings in other towns in Wales, which proved that the people desired cleanliness if they could obtain it, but really when the accommodations were so deficient, it was absolutely imoossil'la for them to be perfectly clean. On Wednesday the i injector attended at the Council Chamber to continue his in- quiry, at which time the room was crowded by persons of all classes; the majority, however, consisting of the smaller class of rate-payers, who, no doubt, alarmed, on seeing the handbills before alluded to, at the prospect of being" saddled" with a heavy expenditure, attended in force, as some of them expressed, to vote against the proposition," thus at once displaying their ignorance of the object of the visit of the superintending in-pector,


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