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MERTR YR. MEETING UNDER THE PUBLIC HEALTH ACT, 1848. A meeting of the inhabitants of this town was held at the vestry- room, Glebe Land, on Tuesday morning last, at eleven o'clock, to meet T. W. Hammell, Esq., one of the inspectors appointed by the Act. Long before the tune appointed the vestry-room was crowded to suffocation, in consequence of an invitation made by the crier on the preceding evening for the workmen to attend, and which they did in great numbers. At eleven, Mr. Rami-nell en- tered the vestry-room, and stated that a petition was sent from the parish to the Board of Health in London, praying for the ex- tension of the Act to this parish, and that the notice calling this meeting had appeared in the local papers, and bad been placarded about the town. He then read a portion of the notice. Mr. Frank James, solicitor, and clerk to the board of guardians, then rose, and explained to the meeting the necessity for improving the sanitary condition of the town. The want of sewerage and proper drainage occasioned much illness in the town, and the deaths were 1 in 26; whereas in Liverpool, one of the most unhealthy towns in the kingdom, the number of deaths was only 1 in 27. (A person in the crowd said, want of victuals is the cause of that.) There were in this town also thousands of houses without any accommodation whatever, and there was no power at present to compel owners of cottages to erect privies to them. Many landlords thought no- thing of providing Jor the comfort of their tenants; they only wanted to screw as much rent from them as they conld. The supply of water also was very deficient. Mr. Lewis Lewis, spirit merchant, said that the only way the women of Merthyr had to enjoy themselves was to go for water. Mr. James continued, and stated that at the public meeting held here some months ago Mr. Anthony Hill admitted that the sanitary condition of the town was very bad, and only objected to the Health of Towns Act in consequence of the expense of carrying it cut, but proposed that a local act should be applied for, for the purpose of cleaning the town, though it was too late to get it this session. Mr. Lewis Lewis doubted whether one tenth of the rate-payers had signed the petition alluded to. Mr. James said, that according to the number of rate-payers found in the parish books kept by Mr. Edward Lewis, the number of signatures appended to the petition exceeded one in every ten. Mr. John Williams, master of a level and proprietor of cottages, strongly objected to this movement, as the expense would be thrown on the workmen. The Rev. Evan Jenkins, rector of Dowlais, said, though he had lived in the place for the last twenty-three years, he had never interfered with public meetings of this nature, but a sense of public duty compelled him to do anything in his power for the benefit of the working man. He did not know anything respecting the state of Merthyr, but as for Dowlais, it was notorious for its un- healthy sanitary condition, though nature had done much for its cleanliness, as the houses are built on the side of the hill. The population of Dowlais, according to the last census, was about 16,000, and there was nothing in wet weather but mud and dirt in every direction. Some time last winter he observed a horse and cart quite fast in the mud. There were no necessaries to one in every twenty, no, not to one in every forty of the houses, and in a voluntary excursion he made last winter, lie reckoned not less than one hundred heaps of human dung, and those within thirty yards to houses inhabited by a hundred able-bodied Irish- men, whom he found playing a game. He had asked the honour- able member for the borough if there was no remedy to this state of things, and also the magistrates, and was told in each instance there was none. He had gone to many proprietors of houses to ask if they would make the necessary conveniences for their houses, and had met with no encouragement from them. As for the supply of water, he had the authority of Mr. Crawshay and Sir John Guest that such a speculation would pay ten per cent for the- money laid out in water works, and Sir John was willing to take one-fifth of the number of shares in such undertaking. That was a sufficient proof of his sincerity. As for the supply of water, there were dozens and scores of women waiting at the pistyle (spout) for water at all hours of the day till ten at night, and the language and scenes in such place was horrid to every right-miuded man. Much immorality ensues from the people's congregating by the pistyle. The water also was unwholesome, and in many instances almost poisonous He therefore hailed the commis- sioner's appearance among them, and would do anything in his power to render the working man as comfortable as any person in the kingdom. Morgan Thomas, a working man, objected very much to the plan proposed by the meeting. He was getting only Is. IOd. per day and they were five in family, and he had no money to pay towards carrying out the provisions of the Act. It was the influx of Irish to the place that made things so bad. Mr. Lewis Lewis admitted the truth of the statements made by the Rev. Mr. Jenkins as to want of drainage, and said that 7,321 houses were in the parish, 1,30!) rate-payers, and that 21,000 per- sons did not pay any rates at all. They all depended on the four iron works. By this time it was so intensely hot that the commissioner con- sented to go to the long room of the Bush hotel, and the meeting adjourned accordingly; but instead of going to the Bush, it was held at the Market-square, which was much more convenient for the thousands present. The Rev. Mr. Jenkins remarked that the state of the streets in Dowlais, which were private property, was highly disgraceful; and he had the authority of Mr. John Evans, the manager, in stating, that if the owners of the property were to put them in repair once, that the Dowlais Iron Company would keep them in repair. He stated also, at the request of the commissioner, that he should be happy to receive deputations to give evidence on the subject mat- ter of the meeting the following day. Mr. Jno. Morgan, solicitor, stated something on behalf of Mr. Overton, which we could not hear. What we understood was, that Mr. O. was anxious to promote the comfort of his tenants. Mr. Frank James said that the only plan to improve the sanitary condition of Merthyr was, by having strong compulsory measures by an Act of Parliament. Mr. Wm. Gould then recapitulated in Welsh the proceedings from the commencement, which tended very much to allay the prejudices of the working men against the Health of Towns Act. Air. Thomas Stephens read an extract from the Act, proving that the expenses fell on the landlord and not on the tenant; and said that owners of houses should be compelled to make all con- veniences for their tenants. The Rev. Mr. Jenkins, at the commissioner's request, stated that the cost of water at Nottingham was only one penny per week, per house, and under the Health of Towns Act, if the charge was greater than twopence per week, it was optional with the party to take it or not. Mr. Henry Thomas, cooper, stated that the goods and chattels of the tenant were liable to be distrained upon for the charge due on the landlord. Mr. Stephens was then hissed by the workmen. Mr. F. James read another clause, which stated that Mr. Ste- phens was quite correct, as the tenant was not liable to pay more for his landlord than the amount of rent he owed him at the time. This explanation gave great satisfaction to all rational men. Mr. John Harries, a proprietor of cottages, complained bitterly of the parties who had set this project on foot; Mr. rlenry Protheroe also followed on the same side, and said there was plenty of water to be had at Merthyr. Mr. John Williams also objected to the measure, and said that he was willing to sell all his houses. He thought the movers of the measure only wanted situations for their children, and that the chest of drawers of the working man should be distrained to pay the charge due from the landlord. [Such statements as these were loudly cheered by the mea. Well done, John," was heard in all directions.] The Rev. Mr. Jenkins said, that in all statements he had mede, he bad purposely avoided making personal allusions, but from what fell from Mr-. Protheroe, he was constrained to say that the burying ground at Dowlais, Mr. P.'s property, was highly dis- graceful in a Christian country. The late Mr, Thomas Evans and himself were passing that way some years ago, and they saw men hauling away the bones and flesh of those that were buried there. Mr. Protheroe: I deny it. Mr. Jenkins I saw it with my own eyes (loud cries of" Shame, shame"). Mr. F. James then said that the town was to be divided into five districts; viz., the town of Merthyr, Cyfarthfa, Penydarran, Ply- mouth, and Dowlais and the following persons were nominated to give evidence to the commissioner on each district:—Messrs. D. J. Evans, J. Jenkins, W. Jones, W. Thomson, T. J. Dyke, J. Atkins, John Harries, Wm. Gould, Matthew John, J. L. White, John Edwards, J- Lloyd, H, Protheroe, E. Harries, D. Jones, Thos. Lewis, H. Williams, E- Price, Rev. E. Jenkins, J. Bcddoe, &c., and any other person who felt an inclination to do either for or against this measure, it being the.-commissioner's object to get information from all parties. J. W. Russell, Esq., solicitor, proposed, and J. W, James, Esq., surgeon, seconded, a vote of thanks to the commissioner, for ins courteous and impartial conduct. The motion was carried by a how of hnnds. Mr. Rammell acknowledged the vote of thanks, and the meet- ing separated about two o'clock. THE REV. JOHN LLOYD, late minister of Ebenezor chapel, Pembrokeshire, commenced his stated ministerial labours at Ebe- nezer chapel, in this town, on Sunday, the 13th instant, when he preached three admirable sermons to crowded congregations. We believe this church also supports its aged and respected minister, the venerable Abel Jones, whose infirmity has rendered him un- able to discharge the important duties of the pastorate. THE followers of John Wesley held recently their annual district meeting in (fas town, which was numerously attended by the minis- ters of the connexion from all parts of the principality. The com- mittee meetings were held during the day-time, and sermons deli- vered in the evenings but Monday was devoted altogether to public meetings;-when most excellent sermons were delivered at the large Calvinistic Methodist chapel, which was kindly lent for the occasion. WAUN FAIR.—1This fair, the first of the season, was held on Monday, and was considered a very large one. Pigs and horses I sold tolerably well, but cattle were quite a drug, owing, we pre- sume, to the want of pasture. INQUESTS were held by George Overton, Esq., and respectable juries, on. the 9th inst., at the Star beer-house, Dowlais, on the body of Thomas Joseph, collier, aged 34, who was killed at one of the Dowlais levels, by a fall of earth and on the 12th inst., at the Lamb inn, Merthyr, on view of the body of David Richards, haullier, aged 17, who was killed at one of the Penydarran levels, by the trams going over him. "Accidental death" was the ver- dict returned on each. HIRWAUN.—Sir J. J. Guest, Bart., M.P., has kindly given two pounds to the Hirwaun Reading Society, and has also signified his intention of contributing the same annually. The society is com- posed principally of the working classes. SPECIAL SESSIONS, May 14. (For transferring Licenses, &c.) [Magistrates present, II. A. Bruce and W. Thomas, Esqs.] The following licenses were transferred, viz., the Three Mari- ners, Ca-edraw, to James Virgo Black Horse, Penydarran-road, to Lewis Davies Wyndham Arms, Glebeland, to John Giles; the Cross Keys, to Thomas Morgan and the Ivy Bush, to Mary Miles. No complaints were made against the poor-rate. Mr. White, stationer, was appoiuted chief constable, instead of Mr. Griffiths, druggist. Ann Thomas, of Penydarran, was charged with wilfully da- maging three loaves, by throwing water on the same. Ordered to pay 4s., the value of the bread, and 12s. 6d. costs. Allowed time to pay. James Jones, who was charged with drunkenness, was repri- manded and discharged, as was also John Holland, who was charged with not paying wages said to be due to James Edwards. POLICE, SATURDAY, MAY 12.— [Before H. A. Bruce, and W. Mcyrick, Esqrs.] DafNKE>">">-ss.—Mary Ann Jones was charged by police constable Evan Richards with being drunk and disorderly. Discharged with a reprimand. DOMESTIC QUAHKKLS.—John Barry was charged with assaulting his second half. Casc,dismissed, no prosecutor appearins against him. W Pari-y, who was charged with non-payment of wages to J. Powell was discharged.. John Evans, charged by Felix M'Carthy with not paying him 8s. 3d., wao-es due to him, was ordered to pay the amount claimed and costs. STEU,I«G. —Rachel Evans was committed for trial at the next quarter sessions for stealing a flannel petticoat, the property of Henry Sage, of Aberdar'e; also with stealing a silk handkerchief, from Worn iii the parish of Eglwysilan. FORGEKV. 'oscpk Edwards, railway contractor, was charged by Isaac Bells with forgery. Remanded till Wednesday, but admitted to bail. Isaac llowdl was charged with being the father of the illegitimate childof Selia Thomas. Mr.C. H. James appeared for complainant, and Mr. Smith for defendant. Ordered to pay 2s. 6d. a-week for the first six woeh, unci Is. Gù. afterwards and expenses. McjiuiT, MAY H.[Bcfore II. A. Bruce, Esq.] Joseph Edwards, railway contractor, was charged by Isaac Bells with forgery'. Committed for'trial at the next assizes. fVní. Fowles, the principal witness in the above care, was then charged by Joseph Edwards with embezzling his money. The charge of embezzlement could not be substantiated, but he was committed for trial on the charge of larceny.


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