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FRANCE AND ITALY. ONCE upon a time, a Whitechapel butcher had some diffi- culty in inducing a i-efrziefoi-v and badly-disposed animal of the ovine breed to eiitci- one of those convenient buildings ham-atnelv erected for the production of mutton, with which the metropolis is adorned. Whether the poor beast had sus- riciunsas to his fate, we know not; but certain it is that oaths, cudgels, and other such tempting inducements to com- ply vith his owner's will were liberally bestowed on him in rain. The animal was resolute—not an inch would he move. Had he been a special constable, he could not have been more unyielding' and brave. A spectator—one of the select few to whom knowledge is power—seeing the difficulty, suggested to the butcher a milder mode of proceeding—one that might be termed conciliatory. The hint was quickly tufcen. Closing in upon his adversary* and seizing his victim with brawny ami, he flung him helpless into the shed, and, with a kick and an oath he shut the door upon his pri- s, he exclaimed, "There, I think I have conciliated h!'1." A The nc-phew of my uncle" has adopted a somewhat eiurre. The Italians had got rid of the Pope, and determined to govern themselves. They woke up to the re- alisation of that liberty, the love of which, in the days of their darkest degradation, had never been extinct. They summoned to their aid the noblest spirits of their land. Thev gained that freedom of which their poets had sung- for which tlwir bnncst had nobly died. NVitli them was the sympathy of all who had hope in the future or faith in man. At length one spot in Italy, so long The grave and resurrection of the slave," was free. At leusrth there was one corner in that peninsula where the foot of the despot might not tread—where the truth might be spoken, and he who had spoken it might not, in consequence, be doomed to languish and die far away in the dark dungeons of Spielberg. And the freedom thus won was to be placed on a fitting basis—it was not to vanish iu the hour of its bill-tli-it was to be an abiding good-it was to be eternal as the principles of which it was the embodi- ment and type. Of course, it was not to bo expected this would be a Calymny, misrepresenta- tion, force, were to be looked for. Lord. Brougham and the Times would bitterly rail against "anarchy"; Austria would be eager to win yet deeper infamy than that which at pre- sent taints her name; but France, at any rate, would be L true to the mission she, proclaimed, and the. principles by which alone CLn her conduct be justified, hranee, witn its honour and its chivalry, would be a bulwark and an aid- France would see to it that her younger sister were not trampled on by the foes of freedom and of man. Alas in sorrow and in shame we write if, France has most disgracefully belied herself. Under Louis Philippe she had infamously taken, under what she termed her pro- tection, Tahiti and its defenceless Queen but under Louis Napoleon, the man of her choice, who ruled in the name of freedom, she has acquired a dishonour that can never be effaced. It can never be forgotten that she has aimed to esta- blish in Italy a government incompatible with progress and she has murdered llomans simply because they would be free! These things have been done, not by Aus- trian troops, trained to fight against Freedom wherever she may breathe, nor by Russian serfs, but by the sons of mag- nanimous, republican France. It is true that she has been righteously repulsed; but this minor shame she is burning to avenge, and twenty thousand soldiers, the flower of her troops, arc waiting the hour when, with one fell vulture swoop, they may destroy whatever of art, of freedom, of poli- tical life, may yet remain in Rome. For this abominable outrage on human rights what is the plea ? Conciliation—such is the cloak under which this in- famy is veiled. Such was the purport of the proclamation published by Oudiuot, when he landed at Civita Vecchia. Such was the declaration made to our Ministers. On the 21st of April, said the Marquis of Lansdowne, in tho House of Lords, on Monday night, he received a conamunica- Z, tion that the French Government intended sending out forces for the preservation of the peace of Italy, and for the restoration of a regular and constitutional Government. There was a misunderstanding between the Pope and the Z, n citizens of Rome, and the French were merely desirous of conciliating them. For this war was to be made, the Romans were to be butchered, and the city was to become the prey of the destroyer. Had perfidious Albion" attempted to conciliate the French and Mr. Smith," what a storm of righteous indigna- tion would have been raised! But the English people would never have suffered their rulers to have made the attempt. Dare the French Government do what the English dare not? Is their Government more despotic than ours ? The Holy Alliance blotted out nations and partitioned out kingdoms but Metternich, and Wellington, and Castlereagh served kings, and never had fought in the people's name. To seize the first opportunity offered them to violate the liberty, the fra- ternity,1 the equality, of which they fondly boast—with power won by liberty, to chase her from the only spot in the sunny south where she might hope to find a home—has been an infamy reserved exclusively for the French.

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