CARMARTHEN. MR. E. H. STACEY, of this towu, has gfained a prize of £ iu,at the Ai t-Union of London exhibition, last Tuesday. THE Carmarthen April Fair, usually known as John Brown's fair," took place on Monday and Tuesday, the IGth nd 17th. The exhibition of stock was large, but marked with the feature which has distinguished late fairs in the principality—lean condition. The scarcity of food will easily account for this. There was little business done, and that at prices exhibiting rather a downward tendency. In horses, too, there was scarcely any amount of business done. The pig fair on Tuesday was not so large as it generally is, the weather being unpropitious. There was a rather brisk de- mand. and many sales were closed at prices above those ob- tained at recent fairs.-Herald. MONUMENT TO BISHOP DA VIES.—This monument, about to be erected in Abergwilly church, by the Lord Bishop of this diocese, to the memory of Bishop Davies, who died in the 16th century, and whose remains were disentombed on the occasion of the rebuilding of that sacred edifice, has just been completed by Mr. Edward Davies, the sculptor of the statue to General Nott. It has been sent to the Iloyal Aca- demy exhibition, and will, most probably, be erected in Abergwilly church in the course of the ensuing autumn. An appropriate epitaph, written by" Tegid," has been in- scribed on it. THE PUBLIC HEALTH ACT.—The Board of Health have commissioned George Thomas Clark, Esq., to visit this town to inspect and report in conformity with the provisions of the Public Health Act. Mr. 'Cbrk will commence the inspection on the 14th of next month. LAMMAS-STREET CHAPEL CIRCULATING LIBRARY. — On Tuesday, the 17th instant, a lecture was delivered in con- nexion with the above institution by the Rev. D. Davies, Pautteg, on the rights of private judgment. The lecture was characterised by the rev. gentleman's usual love of order, clearness, and simplicity first making good his position that every man has a right to judge and act for himself in matters pertaining to religion; next dwelling on the means to be employed in maintain this right; and closing with a few appropriate reflections arising from the subject. The audience expressed itself highly gratified with the modera- tion displayed by the respected lecturer in his manner of treating a subject so provocative of party feeling and un- charitable thoughts. At the close of the meeting a vote of thanks was proposed to the IecHirer by W. G. Thomas, Esq., which was seconded by Dr. Davison.
NORTH ,VALES, BANGOR AND BEAUMARIS UNION. The new board met for the first time last Wednesday week. C. II. Evans, Esq., was elected as the chairman, and Mr. ] L Pritchard and Mr. Bicknell as the vice-chairmen for The year. The Turnpike lload Bill was alluded to by Dr. O. Roberts, and its provisions opposed. This bill, as we announced last week, has been withdrawn by the Govern- ment. Dr. Roberts called attention to the order issued by the Poor-law Commissioners of the Unions of Bangor allrl Bcau- maris, and Carnarvon and Llanrwst, in which relief, except under certain circumstances, was to be prohibited to able- bodied paupers out of the workhouse, regarding the question oie of -i us one of great importance, and considering it at variance with the law. Several guardians, with Mr. Vincent, having delivered their sentiments upon the matter, it was agreed that the opinion of counsel should be taken. The parish of Bangor having refused the payment of the last call, amounting to above £ 360, legal proceedings were b tD ordered to be taken. A letter was read by the chairman from Mr. Williams, denying the charges made against him of improperly admi- y n nistering the affairs of the Penmynydd Almshouses, enclosing documents to prove that he had no power to enforce a regu- lar payment of the money from the person in possession of the property: and that had he taken what is allowed to the collector by the founder's will, the sum of £59 would be owing hi in by the charity. Mr. Vincent and Dr. Robert* considered the statement quite satisfactory; and the letter of Mr. Williams was inserted on the minutes, with memorandum of payments. The number of inmates in the house was stated to be 92, and the out-door relief granted for the last two weeks was £ 283 7s. 7d. Upwards of one hundred applications for relief were considered by the guardians. A inquest was held at the workhouse yesterday week, on the body of a male infant who died under suspicious cir- cumstances. After a lengthened investigation, a verdict of Accidental Death" was returned. LLANGEFNI EAIR.—The fall of snow on Tuesday morning completely damped the spirit of this fair, little or no busi- ness was transacted. In fact there were nothing but com- plaints of low prices and no purchasers. At the auction mart several sales were deferred in consequence of the ab- sence of purchasers. Thirteen horses, however, reached the reserved price, besides some phsetons, waggons, carts, and a gig. The novelty of the undertaking is such, in this part of Wales, that the public are not generally aware of its ad- vantages. THE CHESTER F.HRS.-Thc attendance was but mid- dling at the cattle and horse fair, and little business trans- acted. There wis a good demand from the manufacturing districts at the cheese fair. THE Ruthin National School will be opened next Mon- day. We understand that the in habitants of this part of Wales have liberally subscribed towards the erection of this school; another proof of the power of the voluntary princi- ple in the cause of education. NORTH WALES RAILWAY.—The particulars relative to the committal of Mr. Chadwick, the chairman of this rail- way, and Mr. Marriner, for contempt by the House of Lords, will be found in our Parliamentary intelligence.
THE number of vessels already cleared from the United States pjrts for California is set down at 270, with 17,341 passengers, about two-thirds of whom went by way of Cape Horn. CONSUMPTION OF SPIRITS IN ENGLAND.—A return, moved for by Mr. Moffatt, M.P., shows that the gross total quantity of proof spirits distilled in the united kingdom during the year .1848 amounted to 23,230,066 gallons, of which 6,046,171 were t distilled from malt only; 16.944,189 from a mixture of malt with uamalted grain; 126,282 from a mixture of sugar or mo- lasses with unnwltcd grain 99,175 from sugar, and 13,709 from molasses. AT the general meeting of the Gloucester Canal Company, ,hold last week, it was determined to oppose the Severn. Navi- gation Bill. SIltJ. FRANEXIN'SEXPEDTTION.—NOTICK TO MARINERS.—The following has been received at Lloyd's from the Admiralty Twenty thousand pounds sterling reward, to be given by her Majesty's Government to such private ship, or distributed among such private ships, or to any exploring party or parties, of any country, as may, in the judgment of the Board of Ad- miralty, have rendered efficient assistance to Sir John Franklin, his ships, or their crews, and may have contributed directly to extricate them from the ice.— II. u. WAIW, Secretary to the Admiralty. London, March'23, 1849." A 110:"1 of Mr. Reynolds, the Member for Dublin, has been ar- pointed to a situation at the Mint of the value of £ 100 per annum. A DINNER is to be given to Mr. Shaw, the unsuccessful candi- date for North Hants, by the tenaut farmers of the northern divi- sion. Nearly thirty stewards, selected from the most distin- guished tenant farmers ot the comity, have been appointed to make fcrtangements for the dinner. SHIPWRECK ON THE GOODWIN SANDS.—On the evening of 1 Thursday last, during a snow storm, the brig Clio, of Boston, with a crew of nine men z;1 and a boy. go: on the Goodwin Sands, and shortly bee tme a wreck. THE ANTI-STATS-CHUHCS ASSOCIATION.—Of the numerous public meetings to be held in the month of May next, none, we suppose, is likely to attract a larger..assembly and to excite greater interest, than the anniversary meeting of this Association, announced to take place at Fmsbnry chapel, next Wednesday. CoNSKttt'MNCES OF WAB.—The commencement of hostilities in the Baltic already begin severely to be felt in this locality. A liuui- be'r of coal and other vessels, hdonging to the Gefmah ports, are ly g ia our riirer arid harbour, being- deterred from sailing by fear 1 oi no Danish cruisers.—Newcastle Courant. .VL.INCKKSTKU TRADE IIBPOUT, aresorryto.have to report a continuance of dull trade. Not more business, if so p much, ha* been transacted this-week as for soine, weeks past. De- preksion i.s the characterising feature of onr market. 'l'm.; 1\1 lTCJŒI; 'l"t'.su,-The]ast accounts Of Mr. Mitchel's health being, according to the Home Secretary, extremeiv iinfavoitr- able, a fresh stimulus appears to be given to the interest felt on be- hu-f of the unhappy man's wife and children,
THE BRISTOL TRAGEDY. EXECUTION OF SARAH HARRIET THOMAS. (From the Bristol Mercury.) All the efforts used to save the life of this wretched girl have, as we feared, proved abortive, and the awful sentence of the law was carried into effect on Friday upon a scaffold erected over the gateway of the gaol. The exhibition, shocking as it was, and only worthy of the IrDar, most barbarous age, proved—painful as is the acknowledgment— not wanting in attraction the public strangling of an u nfort L nate girl drew together a concourse of spectators so vast tha they could only be computed by thousands. The "revel"— for it was little else—commenced on the night before, when hundreds of profligate boys and girls crowded the road in front of the gaol to witness the erection of the gallows, and, as the engine of death was being placed in its position, nothing was to be heard but profane cursing and swearing, ribald jests, and disgusting obscenity. At an ear.y hour of the morning numbers began to congre- gate on the Coronation-road for, as the authorities, with a praiseworthy deference to public feeling, and with a. view to making the execution as private as was consistent with the present law, had erected formidable barricades at from fifty to sixty yards on either side of the great gates, the road immedi- ately in front of the gaol could not be made available by the t, y "sight-seers." From about eight o'clock until the hour "fixed for her execution the populace kept pouring on in one continu- ous stream, until the Coronation-road was so completely blocked as to be rendered wholly impassable. There were, it is to be regretted, many respectable persons among the crowd, and in the windows of some of the houses adjacent; but a very large proportion of those present were of the very lowest grade, and indicated by the indecent levity of their conduct anything but a correct appreciation of the tremendous solemnity of the occa- sion. Indeed, at the moment when the fatal machine fell,, and the unhappy criminal was struggling with death, many of them amused themselves by pelting the spectators with turf or mud. The conduct of the wretched girl since her condemnation has exhibited those peculiarities of character which there was occa- sion to mention in connexion with her trial; by turns sullen and reserved, thoughtless and trifling. She, for the most part, received the frequent visits of the chaplain wi:h respect and attention, and manifested thankfulness for every act of kind- ness shown her, whether by that reverend divine, by the gover- nor, Mr. Gardiner, by the visiting justices, or by the female turnkeys in attendance upon her but her mind seemed to be incapable of receiving any deep or durable impression. At times her grief would display itself in violent paroxysms, and she would appear to be suffering the extreme of mental anguish, but the feeling was always transient, and in a short time all traces of it would be effaced, and she would recover her wonted appearance of almost childish indifference, seeming to be interested and amused at the veriest trifles. Up to the afternoon of Thursday she obstinately and pcrse- veringly refused to see her mother or any member of her family. Permission to do so was humanely offered her shortly after her return from Gloucester by Mr. IIerapath, as chairman of the visiting justices, and the propriety of her availing herself of that permission was more than once urged upon her, but her answer was invariably, No." On the day preceding her execution, it being feared that her refusal to take a last farewell of her relatives might have arisen from some clinging stili to hope," she wns visited by the Under-Sheriff, Mr. Ilerapath, the chaplain, Dr. Swete, and the governor, and a great effort was used to induce her to depart from her previously expressed resolution. Every argument was exhausted. She was informed that her mother and her sisters were in attendance full of anxiety to see her. She was reminded of the duty and natural affection of a child, and of the religious obligation to honour her father and mother, which rested upon her. She was told that her refusal might be of the most painful consequences, that it might even estrange the affection which subsisted between her parents, to say nothing of its appalling the world by the reflection that she had died with a heart full of resent- ment towards the author of her being. She wept bitterly during this interview denied that she entertained any revenge- ful feelings; asserted that she possessed love for her parents; but her reply to every entreaty that her mother might be admitted was, "No, sir." The authorities, feeling that they had no power to admit even her parent without her assent, then left her, and it was feared that she would quit the world without an interview which, painful and harrowing as it ever must be, yet cannot be without its solace-its drop of the sweets of consolation in the bitter cup of human anguish. Mr. Gardiner, however, with a kind-heartedness which has throughout characterised his proceedings towards the wretched culprit, resolved upon making another effort to induce her to swerve from her resolution, and happily with effect; for although, for some moments, she persisted in her refusal, yet, upon his reminding her that she had expressed thankfulness to him, and stating that he should consider it an unkindness on her part if she did not comply with the last desire he should have to make to her, she burst into tears and said she would see them. The mother and sisters were then admitted, and the last in- terview between them and their unhappy relative took place. The mother, we are informed, did not betray—however she might have felt -any very deep emotion, but the sisters were powerfully affected. The prisoner seemed likewise to feel the deep and painful solemnity of the occasion, and remained for the greater part of the time with her head leant against the wail of her cell, and her face embedded in her hands. On the day previous to her death i.t was thought advisable to increase the number of females in attendance upon the pri- soner to four, so as to render abortive any rash attempt, should such be made, upon her own life. On the night of the 4th inst. she voluntarily made to the governor a confession, which was reduced to writing, and read to her on the 5 th, when she made an addition to it. The docu- ment, in its complete form, was as follows :— CONFESSION. The following confession of Sarah Harriet Thomas, made to the governor of the gaol, in the presence of one of the female officers, April 4, 1849, at ten o'clock at night, Two days before the murder was committed, Miss Jefferies called me up to her bedroom, and attempted to strike me she also locked me in the kitchen during the whole of that night at five o'clock in the morning she unbolted the door, and told me to make a fire in her room. I thought then to have struck her, but did not do so. On the following night I slept in her room, but did nut contemplate murdering her till between five and six in the morning. When I got up I went down stairs and returned with a stone, with which, whilst Miss Jefferies was asleep, I struck her on the bead three times between the second and third blow she made some sor of a noise, and the last words I heard her say was Christ God I then dressed myself, robbed the house, flung the dog down the privy, locked up the house, and went home. I took away thirty sovereigns and a quantity of silver things, all of which the police have since found. The keys of the house I flung away, but believe they were afterwards found by a man when put- ting up some shutters. I committed the murder and robbed the hoube with my own hands, and no person else had anything what- ever to do with it; neither did 1 mention having done so to any person. I regret exceedingly having committed so horrid a crime, and I pray to the Almighty God for forgiveness. I never should have committed so dreadful a crime had Miss Jefferies's conduct been less provoking." April 5, nine.o'clock at night. After Miss Jtfferies died I remained in the room for more than an hour. I then went home and did not return till about nine o'clock in the evening for two boxes, but did not KO into mistress's room. On leaving the house 1 saw a strange man standing opposite, who carried my boxes as far as the infirmary,, for which I gave him ninepence. I then took a fly and went home. (Signed) SARAH HARRIET THOMAS." On being requested to sign it, she at once did so, in a tolera- ble handwriting, then throwing down the pen, and smiling, said, There, I call that first-rate." At twelve. o'clock on Thursday night, being the last she was destined 10 see, Mr. Gardiner again visited the unhappy girl. When he went into her ceil she was sitting at a table, and ap- parently in the act of writing his first impression was that she was preparing a letter to her father, but upon examining the p::per he perceived that she had been amusing herself by scribbling fantastic figures over it, and printing, in a somewhat large hand, the capital letters of the.alphabet.. The governor again implored her to empiOr her time in preparation for the morning, and took his leave of her for the night, after which she ITA(L her supper, and ate a. mutton chop. She continued anxious and re, tloss till about four o'clock, when she lav down for an hour, but did not sleep. After that she partook of a cup of tea, but ate nothing. The chaplain, the ReV. Dr. Swete (who.,has been unceasing in his attentions, and who was with her till, late on the previous evening), arrived about seven o'clock in the morning, and remained praying with her and exhortiug her to repentance with little intermission till the close of her melancholy life. She appeared much more sub- dued than on the previous day, and it is hoped was better im- pressed. The high-sheriff, Peter Maze, jun., Esq., the under-sheriff, W. O. Hare, Esq the visiting justices, and magistrates' clerk, arrived at about eight o'clock, and remained in the committee- room. At twenty minutes after nine o'clock the governor went to the prisoner's cell, informed her that in half-an-hour it would be his solemn and painful duty to fetch her for exe- cution, and expressed an ardent hope that, out of respect to the feelings of all, she would accompany him to the platform quietly. She appeared greatly excited stamped her feet, ex- claimed several times, "I will not go! I will not go and added, if they meant to hang her, it should only be by force. The chaplain then tried his office with her, entreating her to be calm, and not to resist the execution of the law, but she persisted in her refusal. At half-past nine Mr. Gardiner again visited her, imploring her to go peaceably, and in a short time afterwards he again expostulated with her, and begged her to act on the chaplain's advice. She became quite frantic, and no exhortation could induce her to move. Six or seven of the officers of the gaol were then called in, and forced her out from the cell. She resisted with all her might, struggling powerfully, and uttering piercing cries but their combined efforts removed her across the yard. She then said, if they would let her go, she would walk quietly, and another trial was made, but the instinct of our nature which prompts us to cling to life, was strong within her, and she again struggled, indicating her determination to "fight with death to the last." With great difficulty, and amidst a scene of the most painful nature, she was got into the press-room, where her arms were pinioned, and she was exhorted in the most solemn manner by the chaplain, and implored to go to the gallows quietly, but she still said she would not. The governor then spoke to her in gentle terms, and asked her as her time was drawing to its end, and as she had but a few minutes more to live, whetfier she had not some message to give him for her father, whom she had not seen, She at once said, through Dr. Swete, Yes, yes; tell him I love him." The governor then again entreated her to .accompany him, and allow him to conduct her to the scaffold peaceably, Ind with a little assistance from him, she ascended to the leads over the great gateway. She here came in full view of the fearful engine of death, and again struggled violently, screaming in a heart-piercing manner. She was then carried up by two of- ficers, and delivered to the hangman, Calcraft, who, with sinews of brass and nerves of iron," and without a throe from that pulseless heart of his, fastened the rope around her neck, and tied her upon the gallows. As soon as she was under the fatal beam, she exclaimed, "Lord, have mercy upon me. I hope that my mother and none of my family are present." The hangman then said to her, Say that agjnsay Lord, have mercy upon me,' again," and as the words of prayer were on her lips, he drew the bolt, the drop fell, and she was launched into eternity. She struggled very slightly, which is perhaps t) be accounted for by her being a bulky, stout girl. At the expiration of the usual time her body was taken down, and a cast having been made of her face, the remains of the ill- fated girl were buried within the precincts of the gaol. As tending to show the extent to which selfishness can sub- due and even root out the better feeling of our nature, we may mention a fact which has come our knowledge. Almost imme- diately after sentence of death was passed on the wretched girl, her mother waited on Mr. Bell, the inspector of police, and asked when she should come for her daughter's clothes, adding that she had a beautiful shawl, which she was anxious not to lose. Mr. Bell pointed out to her the want of feeling displayed in such an application at such a time, and urged her to withhold her request until it was placed beyond the range of doubt that no mercy could be extended to her unhappy daughter but she seemed to have no correct appreciation of the advice, and con- tinued to express the same anxiety about the clothes. We are credibly informed also that a few days ago one of the sisters asked a man at Horfield, Are you going to see our Sally hung?" adding, in almost the same breath, "Because we are all going;" and, at the risk of shocking the feelings of our readers, the fact must be chronicled that, among the spectators of the wretched creature's doom, were her mother and sisters, and some other members of her family. It is of little credit to the feelings of several inhabitants of our city to say, that the love of money tempted the cupidity of some of them even to the extent of offering to fill the revolting office of hangman. Some of their applications for the employment were couched in terms which, coupled with the solemn nature of the office to be performed, were positively disgusting, and threw the formal business epistles of Calcraft's amanuensis completely into the shade. We subjoin one of the Bristol letters —-not the most disgusting—omitting, for obvious reasons, the name and address of the writer:—" Mr. Gardiner Sir,—If Mr. Calcraft, the appointed Executioner that is to Hang Sarah Thomas, does fail to appear, I should feel a pleasure in waiting upon you at the time appointed.—I remain, sir, your humble servant, It may be mentioned as an incident, and to show how callous a man may be rendered by having his mind familiarised with scenes of violence, that Calcraft, the hangman, always carries with him in his carpet-bag, and with his personal linen, the rope with which he strangles the criminals who have outraged the laws. The cord which yesterday hung Sarah Thomas, will, to-day, encircle the neck of Rush, and it has before had its scores of human victims. In connexion with the subject of the execution we are happy to find that great efforts were made to save the life of the un- fortunate girl, demonstrating the strong feeling which exists in Bristol against capital punishment. One petition was signed by 3,500 women of Bristol, and sent to Sir G. Grey with the accompanying letter: — Bristol, April 15. "Hon. Sir,—We pray rou to look favourable upon, and to pre- sent to Her Most Gracious Majesty Queen Victoria, the memorial of the women of Bristol this day forwarded to you. The near approach of an event so fearful in itself, and so dii e in its influence, has spread a gloom over the minds of all the inhabitants of our city; particu- larly over the minds of women—3,500 of whose signatures are affixed to the memorial, including many of the most influential and enlight- ened ladies in the neighbourhood. We earnestly hope that Her Majesty will receive the petition of her loving subjects, and extend her Royal mercy to Sarah Harriet Thomas. We shall anticipate, hon. sir, with great anxiety your reply, and in the sin- cere hope that it will be a favouruhle one, I am, Right Hon. Sir, (On behalf of the Committee,) "EMMA S. MATTHEWS. To the Right Hon. Sir George Grey, Bart." The following reply was on Wednesday morning received: Whitehall, April 17. Madam,—Secretary Sir George Grey having carefully considered the memorial which you transmitted from the Women of Bristol,' in behalf of Sarah Harriet Thomas, a convict in the gaol at Bristol, under sentence of death for murder, I am directed to express to you his regret that after a correspondence with the learned judge who tried the case, the result of a very anxious inquiry and deliberation is, that Sir George Grey has come to the conclusion that he cannot, without a violation of his duty, interfere, with the due course of law, I am, Madam, your obedient servant, "H. WADDINGTON. Miss Emma S. Matthews." A reply, couched in similar language, has been received by the Earl Fitzhardinge,. to whom was intrusted a petition from the Society of Friends, praying for a commutation of the con- victs sentence. Similar replies have also been received, in answer to several other petitions got up by the various dissenting and other religious congregations in Bristol.—The Rev. George 1 Z7, Henry Davies, in a letter to the editor of the Bristol Mercury. says:— Sir,—Having been entrustNlwith the memorial to the Queen, 4' and with the several congregational petitions to Sir George Grey, on behalf of the unhappy Sarah Thomas, will you permit me, through your columns, to inform the memorialists of my proceed- ings ? On my arrival in town 1 called on Mr. C. Gilpin, a well- known promoter of the abolition of all capital punishments. Our first plan was to obtain the presence of some three or four members of the House of Commons, to add weight to the appeal. For this purpose we called on Mr. Cobden but he informed us that the pre- sence of strangers would be of no service, and that the proper course was to obtain the introduction to the Secretary through the medium of the member for Bristol. I immediately proceeded to Mr. Berke- ley's residence, and found him suffering'from gout. As. soon, however, as he knew the object of my visit, he heartily entered into I it, and consented to accompany me to the Home-office; he dis- patched a note to Sir George, to inform him that we should wait on him at two o'clock. At that hour we went, but found Sir G. was at the Privy Council; we had therefore to wait some time, but at last Sir George returned, and he received us most courteously. Having laid before him the several documents and stated their con- tents, he replied that it was most painful to him. to have to insison the execution of the sentence-that the case had received his an XlOtlS consideration, bat that lie was unable to find one mitigating circum- stance which would justify a commutation of the punishment, and that he could not enter upon the general question contained in the larger memorial, because his duty was not to change the law, but to carry it out with. impartiality. Some of the points on which we built he was able to overrule from his correeter information but, notwithstanding his decision, I believe it would have given Sir ;G. the highest gratification if he could ha ve yielded to our request.. I thanked him for' the kindness with'which he listened to our repre- sentations, and withdrew with a heavy heart. The thanks of the memorialists are due to Mr. H. Berkeley for his prompt and valu- able assistance. Whatever opinions youi rea lers may form on the subject of capital punishments, I am sure they will join with me ill. the fervent wish that Sarah Thomas's may be the last execution with which our city may be disgraced,"
-=- THE MURDERS AT ST.kNFIELI)-HAT,L. THE EXECUTION OF RUSH. James Blomfield Rush was executed on Saturday at noon in front of Norwich Castle. The enormity of his crimes, the sta- tion in life which he had previously occupied, the extraor- dinary circumstances of the whole case, his inexplicable con- duct during the trial, and the steadiness with which he halC since then persevered in denying the guilt which was so clearly brought home to him, have all tended to attract in an unusual degree the attention of the public to the particulars of his fate. The assassin's first victim was Recorder of Norwich, once the most important city in England after the metropolis. The second victim was that ill-fated gentleman's only son. They were shot down at night, within their family mansion, without a moment's warning or opportunity of resistance. It was proved beyond the possibility of doubt that the man who did this foul deed was James Biomfield Rush, a farmer, living in the immediate neighbourhood, and who owed a deep debt of gratitude to the father and grandfather of those whom he had so ruthlessly murdered. He was taken, tried, and condemned, the principal witness against him being a girl whose innocence he had betrayed, whom he then used as his tuol in the perpe- tration of forgeries which were to gain the property of the per- sons he had marked out for slaughter, and whose life there is very little doubt that he would have taken after she had served his infamous designs. The conduct and language of such a monster in human form previous to his execution, when oppressed by the memory of his tremendous guilt, and knowing that his days and hours were numbered, cannot be uninteresting to the psychologist. Rush, like several other great criminals—amongst whom may he mentioned Eugene Aram and Thurtell—undertook his own defence, which he conducted so as to strengthen the case against him and supply links to the evidence previously want- ing. Like Tawell, who was also a native of Norfolk, he was observant of the outward forms of religion,, and while contem- plating a savage and wholesale murder practised family devo- tion with his mistress. Rush managed at his trial, in the presence of judge and jury, with the court crowded in every corner by spectators, to abstract a £ 40 check from a pocket- book handed up to him for inspection, and dexterously to con- ceal the paper in the lining of his hat, principally, as'it would appear, for the purpose of blackening the character of the soli- citor prosecuting on behalf of the Crown. Like several other celebrated murderers, he was not a man addicted to drink, and, singular to say, his general abstemiousness on this point gave tremendous force to a little fact in his conduct on the night of the murders which was stated by Emily Sandford. The following particulars we owe to the courtesy of Mr. Pinson, Governor of Norwich Castle, and of the Rev. Mr. Brown, chaplain to the gaol. These gentlemen state that Rush, from the commencement of his imprisonment, assumed the character ofinnocenceanJ piety,.and so carefully asserted his pretensions to these qualities, and so over-acted his Dart. as to throw at once the strongest suspicious on his sincerity. Rush took every opportunity of denying his guilt, professing perfect tranquillity and unhesitating confidence in his acquittal. His constant language was, Thank God, I am quite comforta- ble in body and mind I eat well, drink well, and sleep well." The wretched man's sleep, however, was observed hy his attendants not to be so quiet as he himself represented it. He was constant in his attendance at chapel, and very soon after his committal requested the chaplain to administer the sacra- ment to him privately. This, however, the chaplain refused to do, and thereupon Rush lost all confidence in him. After con- viction he requested that the Rev. W. W. Andrews, of Fel- mingham, and the Rev. C. J. Blake, of Ketteringham. might be permitted to visit him in Mr. Brown's company. This wish was of course complied with, and no doubt the convict expected to work upon the minds of those geiitlei-nen, whose churches he had been in the habit of attending, a conviction of his innocence. The chaplain, who had determined to refuse him the sacra- ment while he remained impenitent and without confession, was apprehensive that he would request to have it administered on the day of his execution. lie, however, expressed no such wish, but about five minutes before he left the chapel to be pinioned he said he had hoped that it had been the intention of Mr. Blake and Mr. Andrews to receive the sacrament with him. The chaplain came to him about half-past eight o'clock on Saturday morning, and lie seemed glad to join in, devotion, but whenever his guilt was assumed, and confession and repent- ance were urged on him, his constant reply was, God knows my heart; lie is my judge, and you have prejudged me." Last night at nine o'clock Mr. Pinson went to speak to Rush relative to a letter sent to him by his eldest daughter, expressed, it is said, in a very proper and feeling manner. Mr. Pinson had two doors to unlock close to the bedside of the prisoner before he could approach him, yet Rush professed to have been in a sound sleep when awakened by him. He had not retired to rest more than an half hour previously, and Mr. Pinson was perfectly satisfied that he could not have been asleep as he pretended. He kept his bed till eleven or twelve o'clock, and told the turnkeys in attendance on him that lie had had a beau- tiful sleep, yet no five minutes in the interval had passed that his eyes were not wide open and fixed on theirs. About two o'clock becoming very restle-s, he got up and commenced reading a religious book, passages of which he interlined, expressing at the same time a wish that the book might be given to his family. Thus two or three hours of the short time remaining to him passed away. He then got into bed again, but could not rest, and was up and down constantly until the chaplain came to him. For breakfast he requested that a little thin gruel might be given to him. He was then engaged in reading till after ten o'clock, when he went to chapel and heard service performed with the other prisoners. This lasted till twenty minutes to twelve o'clock, and at its close he was left with the chaplain and Mr. Andrews. They again solemnly urged upon him the duties of repentance and confession, but he became much irritated, repeated his innocence, and said that the real criminal would be known in two years. He was proceeding to quarrel violently with them, when Mr. Pinson entered the chapel and removed him. Mr. Pinson states, as a further illustration of the prisoner's state of mind, that he hardly ever visited him without his saying, Thank God Almighty, all is right." At one of the interviews with his family at which he was present Rush asked whether the Queen would be in a hurry to hang him, and upon being expostulated with for using such an expression, added, "I am all ready for that. You cannot suppose that having prepared my defence, I am not ready in that respect. Thank God Almighty, I am quite prepared to die." Nothing in his conduct is moie remarkable than the reliance which he placed upon his defence of himself, his confidence in his power to convince others of his innocence, and his anger at hearing that the world was unani- mous in thinking him guilty. On leaving the chapel he went into the prison yard and washed his face and hands and the back of his neck with cold water at the pump. From the prison yard he was conducted to the roem of one of the turnkeys, where Calcraft, the executioner, was waiting to receive him. On observing him, Rush, said, Is that the man who is to per- form this duty ?" To which Mr. Pinson replied that it was, Calcraft then desired him to sit down, which he did, and the operation of pinioning commenced. The prisone r, who appeared perfectly calm and collected, said with a shrug, "This don't go easy, 1 don't want the cord to hurt me." His request was complied with, and the rope was moved a little to give him relief. He then said that he was comfortable, and the sad pro- cession having been formed, he was conducted to his doom. These details will furnish some idea of what had taken place within the Castle previous to the moment of execution, and of the frame of mind in which the wretched being .was when about to be referred from the justice of man to the. awful presence of his Maker. It is now necessary togive some description of the preparations which had been made for rendering the execution of such a criminal as solemn and impressive as possible. For this purpose the. situation of Norwich Castle and the style of its architecture are strikingly adapted. It is a fine massive struc- ture, the principal feature of which is nnimmensc square tower, supporteÜby buttresses, between the intervals of which a pro- fusion of small blind arches are panelled. From this tower extends on each side a low battlementecl wall, within which the prison is placed. It stands on a hill or mound, which forms the highest ground in Norwich, and has a commanding view of tke city, with its cathedral and numerous churches, and also of the surrounding country. The strong g: ey walls are surrounded by a spacious terrace, beneath which is the moat, and beyond that again an iron railing. The principal approach is from the tnarkçt-plasç, and is about tOO yards in, length, the centre being formed by a bridge over the moat. On this bridge the drop was erected, and so situate, had, as may be imagined, a very striking effect. This was heightened by an immense black flag, which was .suspended over the entrance to the Castle, and which, as it surged slowly in the wind, was well calculated to solemnize the minds of the spectators. Although it was market-day there was no great collection of people on the fatal scene until the hour of execution had almost arrived The morning was cold, dismal, and cheerless, and the few groups who collected on the hill were principally farmers, attracted there as much by business as curiosity. They eyed, at a respectful distance, the dreadful apparatus of death, and in little knots, with bated breath, talked over the fate of the wretched man, whom many of them had no doubt known and bargained with,