A CALL TO THE STRONG. MAST.Y worker, valiant-hearted, Stout of limb, and stron* of brain, Seek not War's delusive glo- riigh not for the battle plain. Hig-li the Warrior's praise is sounded, Long the Hero's tale is told, Low the honia e paid to valour, Bright the glare of yellow gold. Earth allurimr riches lioidcth, lteady to the eager hands; Kure the srems and golden treasures Lying 'midst the southern sands. Glorious is the Student's gaining, Great the guerdon knowledge brings, Glowing songs of love aud beauty The enraptured Poet sings Manly worker, earnest-hearted, These are not alone thy goal, Not for these alone did Heaven f Mould its image in thy soul. Thine to lead, defend, and vanquish, Nobly great and truly brave Thine to help the. weak and fainting, Thine to succour and to save. Thine to soothe, assuage, and lessen Sorrow, grief, remorse, and pain; Thine to. wrestle with the Wronger, Thine to break the galling chain. Thine to teach where all is darkling, Thine to raise when trampled down, Thine to. vindicate thy Manhood, Thine to dare the tyrant's frown. Seek the sp t; where shame and sorrow Poison with malignant breath; Where, scenes of guilt and an- guish, "jCrt-ows the TTpas tree of death. LOr/dun. Where thick darkness, overshrouding, Lets no ray in from Above; Where f,;ul lustings, all degrading, Bear the holy name of Love. Where, despairing, broken-hearted, Outcasts from the world's fair fame In the dark and whelming waters Seek to hide their guilt and shame. Where the blood-red hand of power Claims a fellow-man as slave, Where the victims, scourged and branded, Curse the life that Heaven gave. Where gaunt Famine's horrid craving Crowds the living with the dead, Where the Mother sees her children Perish for the lack of bread. Where, by niggard tyrant's power, Far from every pitying eye, Smitten with disease and hunger, Helpless little children die. Everywhere where Mail's degraded, Everywhere where Man's opprest, Where the erring need thy teaching, Where the weary sigh for rest. There's thy work, thou Manly-hearted, There's thy mission on the earth, Written bv the hand of Heaven At the moment of thy birth. Nobler than the warrior chieftain Is the vanquisher of wrong; Holier is the voice of mercy Than the poet's festive song. On then, on then, Manly-worker, Hopeful, loving, fearless, free; GOD has called thee to the warfare, And the world hath need of theo. G. R EMERSON. TO ELIHU BURRITT. Go forward with thy work of peace, Thou Leader of the truly brave! So shall thy conquering hots increase, The world from war to save. 'The Word of God thy gleaming sword Smite down therewith each sanguine foe, "Till all mankind, with one accord, To Heaven allegiance show. Oh! would that Europe all were found Beneath thy Da11ner, bent to prove The glory that must soon redour.d "lie S Frorn unIcn, peace, and love. The time must come -the grand, good time, The time (hat lurchng placemcn drean, When policy shall shun the crime To deal in blood for bread. When Nations in one faithful band Of Brotherhood combined shall be; Will need no Army on the land, t <, No Navv on the sea. "• ABERYN GWENT. -_r_
dotakgi of' — A MATCH AGAINST TIME.—Stiking a congrove on the back of your watch. A MAXIM.—Never quarrel at meal time-you might just as well feed on a cushion stuffed with pins. A KNOWING O-NL,It is said that there is a skipper in New York, who has so often crossed the Atlantic, that he knows every wave by sight. Ax III WIND BLOWS NOBODY Gooi).-Ata late trial for X500, claimed of the Marine Insurance Society, the sum of £ 100 was paid to medical witnesses. To PREVENT THE SMOKING OF A LAMP. —Soak the wick in strong vinegar, and dry it well before you use it; it will then burn both sweet and pleasant, and give much satisfaction for the trifling trouble in preparing it. A HINT TO YOUNG MEN ABOUT TO MAURY.—1 he Rev. II' Coleman said, in one of his lectures in the United States:—"As well might the farmer have the Venus de Medicis placed in his kitchen for a wife as some of our fashionable women. Indeed, it Tirpuld be much better to have Lot's wife standing there; she might salt his bacon." EXTRA PAROCHIAL.—One day when Massillon was preaching before Louis xrv. and all the Court, lie so affected his hearers that everybody was in tears except a citizen, who appeared as indifferent to what he heard as what he sa w. One of his neigh- bours surprised at such insensibility, reproached him for it, and said to him, "How can you refrain from weeping, whilst we are all bathed in tears?" That is not astonishing," answered the citizen, I am not of this parish." "I CAN'T GET OUT!" --On Sunday, during the morning ser- vice at Corsham church, a starling got into one of the large pipes of the organ, whence it could not extricate itself. When the organ was being played, especially the pipe in which the bird was imprisoned, it expressed its alarm by cries. After the service the pipe was taken out, and the captive released from its musical prison.- fle i.izes Gazette. FUTURITY.—Laugh at no man for his pug nose; you can never tell what may turn up.. Hunts' JUSTICE.—Lighting an editor's fire with rejected con- tributions.—Punch. A TIME FOR ALL THINGS.—A llumbeing commiserated with on account of his wife running away, said, Don't pity me till she comes back again." FEMALE DOCTORS.—A New York paper announces that Miss Elizabeth Illaekwell, of Philadelphia, has received the degree of M.D., after having pursued her studies during three years at the Geneva medical college. WHAT IS FAME?—" Sliakspere! yes, I've read Shnkspere," said a smart cockney oil one occasion to his friend, "Isn't that a book of Wilton's?" UNEXPECTED SAY BANK.—A curate, who had for nineteen years received the paltry stipend of L 1610 a year from his well- endowed rector, for performing the pastoral duties of a rather extensive rural parish, lately applied to the noble patron of that and many other livings for promotion to an incumbency of £ 130 per annum. His lordship was startled by the application, and wrote to inquire into the cause, seeing that, according to the present law, the curacy already held was entitled to £ 150 a year by the scale as to population. The curate replied that he had never received more than £ 100; whereupon the noble patron wrote to the rector, to whom his word was law in such a case, and ordered the paying up of all arrears 19,7)0, with interest, the whole amounting to above £1,400; a handsome fortune to the poor clergyman, who is also to receive his full salarv in future. SUSDAY TRAVELLING ON RAIT,WAYS.—The bill (brought into the House of Commons by Mr. Locke and Mr. Peto) to "regu- late Sunday travelling on railways," provides, that after the passing of the act there shall be attached to every train of car- riages which should run or be used on Sundays for the con- veyance of mails and post-letter bags, or by which any mail or post-letter bag shall be carried on any railway, a sufficient number of first and second class carriages for the conveyance of persons requiring to travel along such railway, and every such railway company shall carry and convey passengers by such carriages, at such rates of charges as are usually paid for tra- velling by any ordinary train of first and second class carriages on such railway on any other day than a Sunday. Clause 2 imposes a penalty of £ 200 for not attaching carriages. EXTRAORDINARY APPOINTMENT.—Miss Tempest, of the Grange, near Ackwortli (sister to Sir Charles Robert Tempest, Bart., of Bronghion-hall, in the county of York), has been ap- pointed overseer of the poor for the parish of Ackworth, together with John Hagues, cow-leech, also of the parish of Ackworth. GVTTA PERCIIA.—If a piece of sheet guttapercha is laid upon a table-cloth, or silk handkerchief, and stroked quickly with the hand, and then lifted from the table, it emits brilliant flashes of electric light, and considerable sparks may be drawn from it by any conducting substance. FIGHTING GRATIS.—A vote in the French Assembly, the other day, deprived Gen. Chan gamier of his salary as Commander of the National Guard. Upon the result of the division being made known, the gallant officer turned round to the Mountain party, and jocosely observed, "V cry well, gentlemen; since you stop my pav, I must, in case you get up an emeute, only fight -ou ASTONISHING POWER OF MACHINERY IN CALICO-PRINTING.— The cylinder printing machines in Messrs. Hoyle's print works, Mayfield, Manchester, print a mile of calico in an hour! If fifteen of these machines work uninterruptedly for only ten hours each day, and for six days in the week, they would be able to print co ton dresses in one such iveek, for one hundred and sixty- tico thousand ladies! The actual number of miles of calico printed by this eminent firm alone in a single year exceeds ten thousand* more than sufficient to measure the diameter of our planet with! How TO DETECT CHICORY IN COFFEB.-Fill a wine glass with cold water—put a small quantity of the supposed article into the glass; if it is mire coffee it will swim and scarcely colour the water, but if otherwise, the chicory will sink, and com- municate a deep red tint to the water. SIMPLE PADDY.—An Irishman, trying to put out a gas-light with his fingers, cried out," Och, iii-,irdlr the devil a wick's in it." ,,10.
JUumut MEMOIRS OF THE LATE REV. W. WILLIAMS, OF WERN. By WM. REES, of Liverpool. Translated from the Welsh by J. RHYS JONES, of Kilsby. London: Snow, pp.202. WE know not how to excuse ourselves to the author or the translator of this for having so long neglected any notice of it in the PRINCIPALITY. We can, however, say with great truth, that it has not been oh account of any want. of reverence for the memory of the holy and devoted Williams, of Werii-whom in his latter days we well knew-nor for want of sincere respect for our esteemed friends, Messrs. Rees and Jones. Let us at last proceed to our task, and put upon record our estimate of the work before us. Any at- tempt at an analysis of the work is unnecessary, forasmuch as it is, in either language, already in the hands of a great majority of our readers. In reference to the author we must say, what, if we had not already known from our personal acquaintance with the parties, would be irresistibly thrust upon us by the perusal of this book, he was intimately ac- quainted with the subject of the memoir. He knew him well, had had numerous opportunities of observing him at his ease, and in the full play and operation of his real feelings and veritable character. Indeed we apprehend there was but little difference between Mr. Williams in pub- lic and in private, for spontcineousness was in him a law and a necessity of his being. Still there would be some, and that would have some modifying effect on the final and complete u b estimate of the man, his moods, his mind, and his heart. Throughout the book we see WILLIAM WILLIAMS, through the medium Mr. Rees has constructed and so skilfully and accurately has it been constructed that we see his face—look into his mind—feel our heart throbbing in sympathy with his—rejoice with him in his triumphs—sorrow with him in his trialspray with him in his agonizing approaches to the 0 footstool of divine mercy—enter into the very spirit of his preaching on great occasions, and almost feel ourselves to be the preacher—feel faint when he gets ill-are ill ourselves when he dies—and almost believe that we literally hear the tremulous accents of Dr. Haffies's voice praying beside the grave at Wern, on the 25th of March, 18O. 0 So completely has Mr. Rees done his work, at least accord- ing to our mind and experience in the reading of it, that you feel sure he testifies what he saw, and describes what ho knew; and this we say though we much dislike the fifth chapter, which consists of no less than eight letters from so many Independent ministers, each giving his account or esiuiatc of the great. man's character. This we have read with weariness and as a task, because almost all it contains is implied or directly said in the previous memoir, and as for what it contains new could have been worked into the body of that memoir with advantage and effect. In fact, we think it is nothing but a clumsy and useless addition to a work that needs no help of the kind at all. Before we come to these brethren's letters, Mr. Rees has done the work, and we want to hear no more him we would hear all day, and far into the night. Mr. Jones has done his work well and nobly; it is a capital translation, and reads all through easily and fluently. We consider it a very successful effort to put into good English a book written accurately and tastefully in modern Welsh. To Welsh scholars we have scarcely need to say, that it is easier to translate the very old authors, whose sententious brevity gives the translator con- siderable scope for paraphrase, and indeed demands much of it, than it is to do into English a modern Welsh writing, involved and antithetical as it is becoming. Mr. Jones has evidently done his work con cunore, and he has done it well. He has added an Appendix on the Characteristics of Welsh Preaching," which deserves much more attention than it has received at the hands of any reviewer whose notice of the book has reached us. We could, we think, except to some things in it; but are too glad to find the subject discussed at all in the English language to be hyper- critical and we also think that this Appendix does the writer great credit. In order to call attention to it, and to the most interesting subject itself, we gladly introduce the following graphic extracts:— Self-possession is a striking characteristic of Welsh preaching. Welsh ministers enjoy very favourable opportunities for acquiring this enviable invaluable power. With the exception of those -settled in towns and populous localities (and they are often relieved by strangers, for itinerating is not yet out of fashion), they are not required to preach so often as their English brethren. A thin and scattered population compels them to be pluralists; and as their chapels lie sufficiently distant from each other to admit of their preaching the same sermon twice on the same day, increased con- fidence is necessarily gained, as a discourse will be delivered the second and third time with greater freedom and boldness than the first. The acquisition of self-command is farther facilitated by fre- quent engagements at public meetings, of which there is no lack in Wales, and lso by the practice of taking preaching tours, when the ministers almost invariably preach the same sermons. They thus become so sure of their ground by going over it so repeatedly, and so accustomed to address large miscellaneous congregations in the open air and elsewhere, that they are not easily disconcerted. In fact it requires a very serious interruption to throw them out of joint. Perhaps a secret consciousness of superiority to his audience, with the composing persuasion that he has no doubting sceptics to hear him, may have something to do with the look and tone of assurance for which the Welsh preacher is in general distin- guished." Adaptation is another characteristic of Welsh preaching. The generality of the sermons preached bear evident marks of having been composed in view of the real exigencies and capacities of the people for whom they were intended. Speculative views and re- fined disquisitions are not allowed to pass in lieu of ex-finqel-ical sentiments and scriptural statements. Those aspects of truth with which plain people cannot be expected-to have much sympathy are seldom, if ever, presented before an audience. Points of established and prevalent belief are wisely left undisturbed. Matters unto which ordinary minds cannot attain" are not brought down from their elevation. The illustrations employed are drawn from incidents, scenes, and occupations with which the parties for whose instruction they were borrowed are supposed to be intimately acquainted. The style is simple and homely, for the preacher feels no plea-, sure and finds no interest in employing words which the people do not understand. The appearance and manner of the Welsh preacher are admirably adapted to secure for him a candid hearing. He stands before bis audience more as a friend than an official. The people feel that he is Oftliem, and with them, and that their interests are one and undivided. In general he is a plain-dressed and plain-spoken man. To the refined he may appear unceremo- nious and blunt, if not deficient in courtesy but he is never effe- minate, finical, or affected. He may be rough, but he is ever manly. His is,not the strutting gait and mincing enunciation; and he is about the last man in the world to be concerned about the appearance of bis drapery when his subject has wai tned him into eloquence. He would as soon think of plaving with a white handkerchief in the pulpit, or of applying it in dandy-fisshiotfte-a puckered mouth after pronouncing a few icy sentences in a strain meant to be very energetic, as the captain of a vessel would of trimming his whiskers or of adjusting his shirt-collar amidst the perils of shipwreck." Passion is another feature in Welsh preaching. This capita! quality, so necessary to effective- speaking, is quite. natnral tl) a genuine Celt. An unimpassioned Welshman is a singular pheno- menon and when he is cold, as well might a spark be elicited from an icicle. He will not stop short of the freezing point. The usually ignilible temperament of the Cambrian preacher is of signal service to him in addressing an audience. It gives an air of unriiistakeable earnestness and of reality to all he says. Words of import so momentous that an angel might well Iremble as he uttered them, are not pronounced listlessly and allowed to drop like snow from his lips, It make., his hi., words burn.' It is this which produces, and renders appropriate, tie bold burst—the abrupt apostrophe—the glowing description the passionate declamation—the burning infective—the rousing appeal, and the impetuous thundering charge. It was his tre.. mendous passion, in conjunction with a peerless imagination, that PC gave Christmas Evans so much power over a congregation. To see his huge frame quivering with emotion, and to watch the light- ning flash of his eye-that lustrous black eye of which Robert Hall said it would do to lead an army through a wilderness—artd to listen to the wild tones of his slii-ill voice as he mastered the el if. ficult prosopopeia, was to feel completely abandoned to the riotous enthusiasm of the moment. Abstractions/dry as the bones which Ezekiel saw of old in the valley, he could clothe with sinews, flush, and skin, and, breathing life into them, make them'stand on their feet. Of scenes enacted centuries ago in the glens and on-the hills of Judea, his fire and fancy enabled him to furnish so vivid a re- presentation that all sense of the distauce both of time and place was entirely lost; and though he was frequently guilty of the grossest anachronisms, yet so admirably sustained were the parts assigned to the different characters, and so life-like and natural were the sentiments put into their mouths, that the discrepancy, however glaring, did not damage the effect. So genuine was the fire that burned within hiin, and so completely did he throw the whole of his impassioned soul into his descriptions, that even the fastidious critic was taken captive' and compelled to become his admirer. The situations in which Welsh preachers often address their- audience must be inspiring to men oftheir mercurial Constitution. "The yearly associations in Wales are held in the open air. I have a very distinct recollection-of being present some years ago at one of them, which was held that summer at Gwernogle— a romantic wooded glen situated to the north of Carmarlhen. An unusually large number of ministers was present, and the congre- gation consisted of several thousands. A covered platform had been erected in a field, not far from the chapel for the accommoda- tion of the ministers, and from which the different speakers ad- dressed the assembled multitude. There was a gradual ascent in the field which made it an admirable risinggallery. "Into it opened several winding glens and the sides of the hills which crowded on us in every direction were clothed with luxuvian trees in full foliage. It was a beautiful day in June. The sun shone brightly; the winds were asleep, and nothing broke on the silence of the spot save the voice of the preacher as it echoed in the wood, and the subdued murmurs of the people as they expressed their approba- tion of what he advanced."
DEATH OF SIR ANDREW AGNEW, BART.—It is with much pain that we announce the death of this well-known gentleman. Over-exertion in attending the recent half-yearly meetings of railway companies in different parts of the country, on behalf of the cause with which Sir Andrew's name has long been so closely connected, resulted, we understand, in fever, which terminated fatally on the evening of Thursday last. The de- ceased baroiret was born in 1793. -Scotsman. ROCHDALE PARISH MEETING.—The annual parish meeting, for nominating churchwardens and sidesmen, was held in the pa- rish church; 700 persons present. Dr. Molesworth, vicar, ascended the reiding-desk and Mr. Sheffield, curate, the clerk's pew. The vicar having appointed his warden, Mr. Brearley named a list for the townships. Mr. Thomas Livsey, amidst great confu- sion, proposed an amended list, which was carried by a large ma- jority. Mr. Brearley moved a vote of thanks to the vicar. Mr. Thomas Livsey I wish to say something as to the vie ir's con- duct (cries of Shame, O.der, &c.). The vicar left the chair, saying the meeting was over, and charged Mr. Livsey that if he continued to address the audience in the church he should charge him with riot or disorder in the church. Mr. Livsey. however, continued, censuring the conduct of the vicar, since he had come amongst them. He then alluded to the letters published in the Times, relative to John Bright, Esq., M.P., having stated in the House of Commons that the vicar had to be guarded through the streets of Rochdale some years ago by the soldiers, during a church- rate contest, and that from 10,000 to 15,000 persons followed the vicar through some of the streets. He would put it to that meet- ing whether Mr. Bright was correct or not. (Here a hose of hands were held up in favour of Mr. Bright's statement, and six hands were held tip in favour of Dr. Molesworth's letter.) A person in the crowd then moved that a portion of the late churchwardens should have a vote of thanks. Mr. Edward Taylor seconded the motion, and replied that it was only for those wardens who were opposed to the Dissenters paying church-rates. There was no chairman for the last twenty-eight minutes. A WOMAN MURDERED BY HER HUSBAND.—The neighbour- hood of Peter-street, Westminster, was on Saturday evening, about eight o'clock, the scene of a murder committed by a labourer, resident in Leg-court, of the name of Yardlev, upon his wife, with whom lie had been quarrelling, because she would not give him money out of his week's wages. He struck and kicked the woman, who was in an advanced stolte of preg- nancy, in a brutal manner. A surgeon was sent for, but his assistance was of no avail, and about nine o'clock the woman died. She was the mother of thirteen children, of whom seven are living. It is said the deceased was much addicted to liquor, that she has been twice an inmate of Brixton gaol, and that on the occasion of her first confinement there an improper connexion was formed between Yardley and hersister. Yard- ley, after the commission of the murder, attempted to escape, but he was apprehended in the course of the night. A GREAT FINANCIAL REFORM MEETING was held in the Leeds Musical Hail, on Thursday evening week. Mr. J. G. Marshall, M.P., presided Mr. Cobden, and several guests at the Wakefield dinner, were present; also Mr. Edward Raines, Mr. Flint, and other influential men at Leeds. Mr. Cobden expounded his views of financial retrenchment; but the passage fco waich the greatest present interest attaches, arose from the allusion to the enormous force of soldiers and police in Ireland \Vh,,tt are they there for ? I will admit, to keep down a very restless and insubordinate population but why restless and insubordinate ? Is the system of keeping down that country by an armed force at our expense to be continued for ever (cries of "No")? Then who is to alter it ? I say that no Government deserves the support of any party in this country that cannot find the means of governing Ireland without putting you to the enormous expense of keeping that army in Ireland (applame). I throw that wholly on the Executive Government, and I say distinctly that Government is bound to resign (applause)—and more especially do I say that this Whig Government is bound to resign, unless they can find means to keep peace in Ireland, without putting you to the expense of this army, greater than any that ever existed in a foreign war (cheers)." ELEVEN THOUSAND POUNDS OF CHARITY IONEY POCKETTED BY THE REV. EARL OF GUILDFORD.—A correspondent says :— Some excitement exists in Winchester respecting the drop- ping off of a life on which a lease was held of the great tithes of St. Cross's Hospital, and which has just now taken place. The fine to be paid to the hospital for the renewal of the lease is about £ 13,4-10, which is to be shared amongst the master, chap- lain, steward, and the brethren of the hospital. Each of the thirteen brethren will receive twopence in' the pound, or £ 120 a-niece ■ the chaplain and steward sixpence in the pound, or £ 360 a-piece; the master, the Reverend the Earl of Guildford, will receive 16s. lOd. in the pound, or £ 11,520. CARDIFF AND GLOUCESTERSHIRE.—At the late Gloucester Assizes, a man was found guilty of burglariously breaking and entering the house of Hugh Thomas, at Coleford, and stealing an apron, value threepence. The prisoner tried to make it appear that the police had got up the charge for the sake of covering their own misdoings, and said there was a case the other day in which, having lost some onions from his garden, a man set the police to watch, and then, finding that his onions went faster than h. fore, he kept a look out himself, and caught the police helping themselves to the roots (laughter).—Baron Piatt: Yes; but that was at Cardiff, you know, and not in Gloucestershire. --Prisoner Yes; that's very true, mv 10rr1- but they're all alike (renewed laughter).—Baron Piatt said he had committed the burglary in so clumsy a manner that he could not think him a practised hand, and he should therefore content himself by sentencing him to twelve months' imprison- ment with hard labour. GltEAT WESTERN RAILWAY.This company is about, not to re-adopt, as it has been stated, its old system of return tickets, but to issue day tickets. The return tickets allowed three days to the passenger going to and returning from Exeter. The day tickets will be precisely what their name denotes. THE CONVICT SARAH THOMAS.—This wretched girl has at last confessed to the Rev. Dr. Swete, chaplain to the gaol, that she was the sole perpetrator of the murder of her mistress. Up to last night not the slightest intimation had been received of a probability of a reprieve arriving and Friday next will be the day on which she will suffer the extreme penalty of the law, in front of the city gaol. The culprit's conduct has been most extraordinary during the past week on some nights she will sit up, but when she gets to bed she sleeps soundly. She tikes her meals regularly, eating very heartily, and walks with a firm step in the yard for airing. She is rather sullen, but displays nothing indicative of contrition Two turnkeys con- stantly watch her, but she takes litrle or no notice of them. She still retains that ruddiness of complexion which was so conspicuous when present at the coroner's inquest. —Bristol Journal. RELIGIOUS AND VOLUNTARY EDUCATION.—Public meetings are to be held this week at Halifax, Bradford, and Manchester, in connexion with the Congregational Board of Education. The Hev. Algernon Wells and Mr. Edward Barnes attend these meetings as a deputation. The Rev. James Parsons also attends the meeting at Bradford. and Mr. S. Morley, the chairman of the Board, attends that in Manchester. THg trial of Bartholomew Peter Drouet, proprietor of the Tooting establishment, Norwood, on the charge of the man- slaughter of a boy, named Andrews, commenced at the Old Bailev, on Friday, contest on the admissibility of evidence hav- ing taken up no small time. Children and visiting guardians have been examined to prove the character of the food and treatment of the inmates. Baron Platt and Mr. Justice Wil- Wil- liams were the judges. The trial ended on Saturday in his acquittal. DREADFUL SUICIDE.—Hannah Bartlev, a young lady about twenty years of age, committed suicide last week by throwing herself off Higheroft Bridge, near the'village of Prestwich, Liverpool, and within a mile-iuid-a-half of her father's house.
MORALITY IN WALES. TO THE EDITOR OF IF Pltl.NCIPALITY. Sin,—After all that has been published and asserted of late in the Blue Hooks," and by their advocates and translators (p.nd or unpaid;, touching the morality, and more especially the chastity of the Welsh, the following lines, which occur in the speech of Mr. Chilton, Q.C., counsel for the defence, in a .case tried at Chester, may not be unworthy of your notice:— "Thoughl have had a very long expeuence in my profession, I v never before was engaged in an action of this nature (adultery), and I most heartily hope I never shall be again. Gentlemen, it is only justice to the Principality to state, that in that portion of the circuit I have attended during the last five-and-twenty years, and 1 have attended it pretty regularly, such an action has never- been tried. "-ADI)RISS TO THE JUHY. Yours, &c. April 11, 1849. S:B: [The case referred to appeared in our last number.—ED..P.]
THE REV. W PRICE'S (MISSIONARY) VOYAGE. TO THE EDITOR-OF THE PRINCIPALITY. DAlt SIR,—The following is an extract of a letter from the Rev. William Price, missionary, lately sent out by the Calvin- istic Methodists to the mountains of Cassia, dated Calcutta, February 5, 1849." If deemed worthy of insertion in your valuable paper, I doubt not but that it will be perused w,, pleasure by many of your readers. Yours truly, Newport, April 10, 1849. P. JOHN. On the 29th of September last, about eleven o'cloiak-- a.ni., we embarked on board the Mary Cannm, a large, new, and well-built ship of 616 tons burthen on register. As. we were standing on deck, and gazing probably for the last time on the lofty and spacious buildings of that great emporium of British commerce, we could see our friends from the different churches in the town crowding the pier head by scores and hundreds, all of them standing with fixed eyes and throbbing hearts, anxious to have the last glance on the fast-receding bark, that conveyed us away. We also, prompted by far different feel- ings and a stronger current of emotions, exchanged glances with them in our turn. Shortly, finding our glances becoming dim by too intent fixity, we had recourse to the small telescope on board; by its aid we could see our friends there still—Mr. and Mrs.. ltees and the worthy secretary foremost on "the-pier, and that was all we were able to recognise. Finally we could, see the multitude gradually vanishing in groups, and leaving us to the mercy of the winds and waves, and the still greater mercy of him who governs them. In consequence of the strong westerly wind, it took us eight days to clear the St. George's channel, a 'distance, more- over, which might have been made in forty-eisrht hours. After that we had a very pleasant run across the Bay of Biscay, and down the Atlantic, until we were within eight or nine decrees north of the equator, when we fell in with light ai)d calms,' which detained us for eight days. Again, when' .cross- ing the equator to northwards, we were detained bv the same unwelcome causes for twelve day:, more. With these "excep- tions we had the most pleasant passage throughout, oil which we had in no instance such a storm as to to reef a sail, which is rather uncommon. My dear partner had a slight attack of sea sickness for the first nine days in the channel. After that she recovered apart?, and shortly became almost fond of her sea life. No other in- stance of illness occurred on board throughout." On the 6th of October early in the morning we found our- selves in the Cardigan Bay, about five miles N. W. of St. David's Head, and that was the last sight we had on the shores of England. On the 11th at noon we cameiil sight ,of, the coast of Portugal, to the south of the tumultuous and bottom- less Bay of Biscay, bearing S. about twenty-tive or thirty miles distance: B'y the 18th.we were in the neighbourhood of the far-fa med Island of Madeira, which we passed to eastward. \Ve distanced Porto Sancto and the Deserters about five miles. We sighted the islands of Palma and Gomera also in the Canary groups, after which we saw no land until we were in Bight of the shores of Hindustan. We had religious services on the main deck-every Sabbath at eleven a.m., and at four p.m. Neither were we lefl- without evident proofs that the generous British tars had souls within them capable of thinking and feeling, and that they were con- scious that there is all eternity before them, which wants a preparation for its Uucliangeabie scene. It' afforded us much pleasure to try to direct their minds to Him who is able to sa,o to the UttLrlllcs" Our passage on the whole was very favourable, both as regards wind and weather, and as regards the treatment we received from all about us. The morality of the ship's cre-.v was very good, and though there were but few feaimg God and loving His Son among them, still they geh-erally conduetcd themselves with commendable respect to the sacredness of re- ligion. Whilst so surro'unded with kindnesses, our convictions have been deepened that we owe much of our comforts and pro tec? ion to the prayers of our dear friends at home. A never slumbering eye and a never tailing hand constantly w;,tched our destinies. Though knowing that there is much-cant in the use of the phrase, Pray for us,' still we believe as well that there is an ear on high hearing prayer, and that, there i. a hand and a heart on high able and ready to answer. In that heart there is a reservoir of compassion and mercy, flowing out in melodious promises. The chord of these promises, tile prayers of our brethren, have touched. W e had one fellow passenger on board with us, nomine Mr. John Norris, a journeyman traveller from Manche^.ter. The diversity of character in our small circle was great. Some, as Pope says, calm every thought, inspirit every grilcc, glow in the heart, and smile upon the fa'-e.' Others, more gloomv, unsocial, and thoughtful, who seek Soft recesses for the uneasy mind, to sigh unheard into the passing win; I who could say, I know the right, yet to my ruin run, a i i see- the folly which I cannot shun.' The phenomena we saw were few. Of the inhabitants of the deep which but seldom visit the shores of England, and • many of them never, were the flying fish, the shark,, the w:i the albicose, the bonita, and the dolphin, whose beautiful co- lours are described as the T::ll.ting f.1:1V Dies iike the dolphin, whom each pang imbues With a new colour as it gasps away, The last still loveliest,till—'tis gotis,and all is Many of these species we caught. The flying fi>h is the Essocetus Volituus' of Cuvier. It is from eight to twelve inches long, underneath it appears of a pale red colour, above, more blackish. There are two long fins growing a little behind the neck, about four inches long, which serve as a rudder after they leap. The propelling instrument is the tail. Of bird we saw the albitross. the Cape pigeon, the petrel, and a few more, but they are so fully described by naturalists that we shall be spared the trouble of so doing." Though we twice crossed the hottest regions on the surface of our little globe, yet we suffered no particular inconvenience from the heat! We were for a few days so situated as to be under the vertical rays of the sun, when the thermometer in the sun indicated from 102 deg. to 107 deg., and the breeze over the surface of the water was in a measure cool—Fahrenheit's thermometer indicated generally between the tropics from 84 deg. to 92 deg. in the slude. D On the 21th ult. we had a Calcutta pilot en board, and the train of Indians which followed him was to us quire astonish- ing, it being customary for Europeans residing in India 10 keep a large establishment of servants, which they cannot avoid on account of the influence of caste, of whi*-h you can scarcely form an idea without once seeing the reality. No servant will do anything but the branch to which he is hired. There are many Europeans quite unable to support such establishments residing here, but they must do it, or the sooner they quit the countrv the better for them, for they will be so despised bv all the natives. On the :z7th ult. we cast nnchor in the Hoozley, in tna heart of which is called a city of palaces," but it is a city of anomalies. Now yon may see a large spot covered- with well-built, spacious, beautiful* mansions, not. in streets, but detached from one another, and a large piece of ground of 9 1 several acres covered with beautiful fruit trees and fan; y flowers, and a number of outhouses surrounding them. Anon contiguous to that spot is another of equal or larger dimen- sions, covered with the most miserable huts and hovels that you ever set your eyes upon, and to pass through the narrow alleys between them would certainly prove offensive to most of your senses. But I cannot enlarge at present.. We were welcomed by many of our missionary friends of different denominations. We put up with a gentleman of th Baptist, denomination, who is an agent in the civil service of the East India Company, and who kindly invited us to make our home with him during our stay at Calcutta. Dr. Duff, of the Free Church, also invited us to stay with him, but it was after we had accepted Mr. Jones's invitation. The doctor h promised to visit us after we will settle in., our station, and spend a few weeks with us. The countrv to which we are going being so much more healthy than "Calcutta, we have again three hundred miles to go to eastward, through the Sun- | derbunds and up the Brampootra, which we intend to travel in boats." 1 ,(