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BRECON. EXECUTION OF JAMKS GRIFFITHS.—This convict suffered the extreme penalty of the law in front of Brecon county gaol; on Wednesday week, at ten o'clock in the forenoon, in presence of an immense concourse of people, variously esti- mated at from 10,000 to 12,000 individuals, nearly half of whom were women. The river Tarell flowed between the spectators and the scaffold, the avenue being guarded by the police. On Tuesday, at the request of the convict, Mr. I/Izcnby, governor of the gaol, took down the. following confession, from his dictation, in the presence of the lord- lieutenant of the county (who happened to visit the gaol at the time) and the chaplain Condemned Cell, Brecon County Gaol, April 10, 1849, 2 p.m. The chaplain having read a note to me, in which it was im- puted thut Jane Morgan was the cause of my having murdered Thomas Edwards, and being desirous of clearing Jane Morgan, who knew nothing at all of it, I request Mr. Lazenby, the governor, to sny in my behalf, and especially for the sake of an innocent girl, that the report is entirely false as regards her, and that my- self alone committed the deed, and that it was wilfully none, and without my having had any quarrel when I did it, but solely for the sake of possessing what he had. I watched my opportunity, ard struck him down with the axe, and repeated, the blows until I thought he was dead. I commenced my attack upon him in the chaff-room, whilst he was stooping, and afterwards dragged him to the dungheap, with the intention of hiding his body under rlle dung. I believed him to be dead at the time; but Elizabeth Phillips, coining out of the house to fetch water, disturbed me, when I threw the pitchfork I had in my hands over into the gar- den. 1 accompanied Elizabeth Phillips a little way towards the brook, and turned back again, and went into the house upstairs, and gathered up Thomas Edwards' clothe, and threw them out of the windo. As soon as I had done this, Elizabeth Phillips citllrd me to come down sta'rs, as there was something in the yard by the garden door. I said to her, What do you think there is there ?* When she asked me to come along and see what was there, I v. e It with her to the dungheap. and said I did not know what was thi r ■■, when she turned buck with me to fetch a lantern to look again. She went into the hous; and I to the back of it, and "pickrd up the clothes, which I t.ed in a bundle and started off for Merthyr. I went over the hills, on the side next the road. I got on tq the road, where there are two public-houses, where I had victuals and drink thence I went straight to Merthyr. I got th re between, ten and eleven in the morning. I stopped there until Tuesday evening. I lodged at a public-house uncut Mr. Crawsiiav's works. I was out on Saturday night in the market, and on Sunday was out with two or three young chaps about the works. I walked about on Monday and Tuesday, when I heard it reported what bad happened at Cwrngwdy. I immediately 'started- off for Swansea, whereT remained one night, and on the ,i\.l]oW;hg morning went on board a steamer for Bristol. I paid 5s. for the passage, out of the money I took f:om Thomas Ed- wards. After I got to Bristol I stayed there a day or two, then vent to Bath, then to Salisbury, and walked along the turnpike- road to Southampton, where I remained about a week. From there I went to Winchester, at which place I bit one nighf. Thence 1 started for London, where I stayed two or three thy; Then I went to Colchester, from thence to Ipswich, and .MOPPED there from Friday to Wednesday then went to Stow- ■' amu-ketwhere was taken up for stealing a cake, in company an Irish boy, and was committed to Ipswich county gaol. I )Piilr(í d Colchester that there was a reward of £ OO offered by the Government, and £ O() by Colonel Watkir.s, M.P., fur my appre- hensiou. As soon as I heard it i changed my clothes, as I had ;J7'(ore"'do E two' or three times. The exact money 1 took from Thomas Kdwards WAS one sovereign in gold and 8s. in silver. I took a 'frock coat, two waistcoats, one silk handkerchief, a pair of !¡¡v,esirip'r! cloth trousers, and a shirt, the same as was found upon me,as was likewise one of the waistcoats. The bloody marks Úoort the waistcoat were by a bit of liver I had from a cher's shop. I first thought OF killing Thomas Edwards a • week before Iit. I never had any quarrel of any account with him. He was always a quiet lad, but passionate. I declare to ¡icd that I am sorry for what I have done, and I hope for mercy and forgiveness through my Redeemer. I have had, since my iiriprhbnment, the best attention and treatments The governor has I-etN. kind to me—also the chaplain and the magistrate, who have kindly visited me. I wish to add, that all the witnesses who appeared agai.nst me spoke the truth, and what I have now stated T ) the governor is the whole truth, as I wish to be saved. As \ilm:8" In)" Hurl;, His (JAMES GRIFFITHS) mark N.H. I am vety sorry fur \vh"t I YHid before to the chaplain, which was no), true but the aLove statement is perfectly true." TJU!GABT:I BrunsH SCHOOL. The Easter examination (If this school look ph ce on Monday, the 9th instant. The examination was conducted by the respeced t it,, her, MR. Wil liam Morgan, assisted Bj tne Rev. David Charles, A.B., Trevecca College, aud the Rev. R:L .Jones, Talgarth. The children exhibited a very respeeta'Hle degree of prolic.ency IN the art of writing. English gi-ainrnar^: geography, Scripture, history, natural philosophy, and -1 tic, and reflected the greatest credit upop. their worthy instructor. This school is now furnished with a useful apparatus iorthepu;p.)ses of teaching. which is of great importance as a means of conveying instruction in a vivid and direct manner to the yoyjhi'u:,tnsnd. I lie inhabitants of Talgarth .audits vicinity must feel.g"eat interest in an institution like this, which has been esta- blished with a view to their benefit, and which will prove one of (lift greatest blessings to. the neighbourhood at large. Their grate- fu!-t-haiiks. are indeed due to Mr. Morgan, the teacher, and the 'c<).¡ÙhÙt!for their prai-.eworthy exertions in their behalf, and we c.dr, fipOii them to lend tins institution their most ample support;"
,.1 '- : ST. DAVID'S.. ■'
,.1 ST. DAVID'S.. restoration of this venerable structure has been going on since the subscription for that purpose in i8"1. The stone' rood-screen HAS been completely restored, and the un- sightly wood work which surrouruWd it cleared away, and rc- rbtni. where necessary, by parcloses of wrought iron. A pro- jec'i-'g cornice of oak has been substituted for the barbarous balus- trade 1\ lLc!J formerly disfigured the Rood loft. The Choir-arch, BE :ore w til led up, has been partially opened, and the work con- tinued by the Dean and Chapter. The large platform before the Screen, AND the pa-sage into the Choir, have been laid with EIl- CAILITIC Tiles, and the steps and bordering of stone renewed.— A; ch-.coljgia Cumbrtnssis.
. NEWPORT, PEMBROKESHIRE.
NEWPORT, PEMBROKESHIRE. •PKATII BY POISON.—On the 13th instant an inquest was held ST ihe ROSE and Crown, in this town, before James Bowen. Esq., eo r, touch ng the death of Eleanor Davies, a respectable widow .,hv;.ng at CU.wcke, near this place. According to the evide; ce ot the maid servant, it appeared that the deceased, on the night-of previous to her retiring to rest, TOOK a powder >s-B':ch she. WAS in the habit ol doing, being subject to a disease of the heart., Soon after taking the powuer she complained of a bu; n- jpg liarn ti; the stomach;- winch wÚs soon followed with a-violent vomiting and. diarri:(»a, attended vnth spasmodic contractions of the whole body, which continued at intervals during the uight. About S'IX o'clock ii) the morning T. Nicholas,. Esq., surgeon, was SENT- for, but before he had reached the hou«e death took place. Tiie teacup-tt) which the powder was mixed by the deceased was produced, and about ten grains, of white powder fotnj.d therein, which, oil being tested, by the surgeon and Mr. James GriSlths, chemist, WIN found to be aisenic; about a teaspoonful of which I!J,T have Leeu taken in a mistake, BUT how and by whom llie poiso-U was W here it was iouml by the deceased is shrouded j" obscurity. Verdict returned accordingly.
iS'oiiiii WAL.ES.. MO.HTYX.—On Monday morning, rhe 9th inst., an ex pi ision ol o kL tiie coal-pit belonging to the Messrs. •Kvio.n, of this place, by throe men were very severely injured oil-- bt them so nLhh sb, that it is feared he will not 're. over. I) JLUELT.KY.— Sri'l'osnn Suicim-—On Sunday last, the bo ly oi- a q.Uirryinan belonging to this town was found under POlt ar-d tibin, lIe"r C.ieryiiw'ch, in this parish. On Monday, an inquest was held thereon, before (i. J. Wi-liiams, Esq.when-the folly-ving Údg were elucidated:—The deceased worked a. t ;irri. and used to "return honie each Saturday-night; he did s on the 3 bt till. but feeling unwell, did not leave home for his work until the following Tuesday, instead of Oil T-Uv*day he left his house, having a week's food with him in a w,;ll«c. Nut returning home as usual on the Saturday night, his Svife made inquiries, but failing to hear anything of him, Seiu ty C irris on faunday. The messenger there learnt that he h (X not been to hhnvork the whole week. Upon this intelligence reaching this town on Sun lay evening, several parties proceeded 14 quest of hi.n, and heard that a wallet with bread in it had been -3 t 'fu;d on the piece ling Tuesday by the water's edge, under the aoove bridge. The party who found it left it in an adjoining 8 iiithy, thinking i: belonged to some fishermen, and would be —drawn, and after a good deal of searching, the body was found; the water being several feet deep. Verdict, "rouml druwned," It was rumoured that deceased had, some time since, mot with all accident whilst at work, and was at times of rather rambling intellect. Deceased was a sober and industrious man, and has left destitute a wife and a large young family. PWI.I.UELI.—An inquest was held at Llanengan on the 6th instant, and by adjournment, on the following day, on the body of Robert Williams, shoemaker, who lied on the 5th, after having partaken of some liquid administered by W. Williams, a lad about fifteen years of age, the son of Mr. Thomas Wil- liams, surgeon. It appeared by the evidence that on Thursday, about eleven o'clock, the deceased went into the house of Mar- garet Parry, at Llanfadog, where he and his wife resided, and complained that he was ill in consequence cf something given to him by William Williams, and he died in about an hour afterwards. A post, mortem examination was made by Mr. Williams, of Tynewydd, assisted by Mr. Robert Jones, by whose testimony it appeared that the immediate cause of death was congestion of the lungs, recently produced by some highly stimulating substance, taken into the stomach. W. Williams, after being duly cautioned, stated that he went to the village with a bottle in his pocket, which the deceased saw and asked what it was, that he (Wm. Williams) said he thought it was spirits and the deceased then took some, when W. Williams left him, and after hearing that the deceased was ill he threw away the bottle. The coroner explained to the jury the dis- tinction between wilful manslaughter, and homicide by misad- venture, and the jury, after a long consultation, returned a verdict that the deceased died from congestion of the lungs, produced by taking some stimulating liquor, unintentionally and ignorantly administered by Yvr. Williams, and to this they added that they held it to be "homicide by misadventure." The coroner stated that he was glad as far as his feelings were concerned that they could reconcile to their consciences such a verdict, which, however, he could not acquiesce in, as he considered it contrary both to the law and the evidence. The deceased was about twenty-two years of age, and has left a widow and child to lament his untimely en- DIIKADI-UI. OCCURRENCE AT CARNARVON.—A most melan- choly accident occurred at Carnarvon on Sunday last. The wife of Wm. Roberts, a tailor, residing in Shirehall-street, left the house about seven o'clock, leaving two children in bed, and a little girl of five years of age in charge of her sisters and most distressing to relate when the mother returned to the house in less than an hour, she found the little girl literally burnt to a cinder. TRK'MADOC.—The Spring Fair was held here on Friday last, and was wdl attended with buyers from different parts. The show of cattle and horses were excellent, but the demand was rather slow. Seeds of all description at a good price were at a rapid demand. THE MOLD LINE.Tiie projected Mold Railway traverses a district which is extremely rich in coals, iron, lead, and lime stone, and, from the traffic tables, which have been carefully pre- pared, it appears that this district will yield a mineral traffic of from 600,000 to 800.000 tons per annum, which must pass over the Chester and Holyhead railway when the Mold linG is com- pleted. This is too important an amount of traffic to be neglected by any company. The Chester and Holyhead line, from its ex- pensive cyst, is not expected to make a large return from its own traffic, and it is therefore considered, under these circumstances, of importance that it should obtain the mineral traffic of the ad- joining districts. The slate traffic round Bangor is at present wholly excluded from the Chester and Holyhead line, for want of the accommodation for conducting it. This important trade is carried on by the circuitous and expensive routes of Gloucester and. Runcorn. The freight from Bangor to Gloucester and Run- corn are respectively 8s. and on. 6d. per ton, independent of the canal and inland charges from these ports to the midland dis- tricts. The directors of the Chester and Holyhead line have been recommended to look after this traffic; their line is peculiarly well adapted to a large mineral traffic and the results of a large merchandise and mineral traffic are so fully shown on other lines, as scarcely to leave a doubt of its productiveness, wherever it exists, to a considerable extent.—Herapath',« Journal. MOI.D. — Mr. Henry Mold, butcher, of this town, slaughtered for the four last markets here four cross bred Welsh cows, which had been fed on Coppy farm, near Mold, by Mr. Whitfaker, from whom Mr. Roden had bought them by weight; the price not to exceed 4-10. The quantity of rough fat they yielded was truiy astonishing, amounting in the whole to 412 lbs., viz., the í-irst cow, 9111bs.; second, 97 lbs.; third, lO;) II)s. and the fourth, ,2 liS lbs. It greatly redounds to Mr. W.'s credit, that such ex- cellently fed cattle were turned from off his land, and Mr. Roden may venture to challenge the large and wealthy cattle feeders and tt?i(I to produce an instance, taking into consider- ation the pr,ce at which these cattle were bought, where the like results have been yielded. MR. WIMJAM 1IATS.TW.EU, JONES, of I-loiylica 'd, Commoner of Jesus College. Oxford, has been elected a scholar of that society, on the Anglesey foundation, on the 5th instant. C.iiESii-iR AND HOLYHFAD RAILWAY.—Traffic for the week ended Aprd 1st, 1819:—Coaching traffic. £ 913 7s. Id-; parcels, £ -19 12s. 2(1. goods and cattle, iCI90 Os. ad.; steamboats, £ 134 is. i 7s. 9d.—Total, £ 1>»97 7s. 6d. Pwu.HUi.i.—The Adelphi Friendly Society hlcl its sixteenth anniversary in this town on Easter Monday last. The offic rs and committee met together at their club-room (the Guildhall), at ten a.m.in order toi make arrangements for the day. At half- past eleven .the society formed into procession, preceded by the silk fla-i of the society, borne by it member, and the following gentleme Cyril Williams, Esq. (their indefatigable c(,ai rm" n >" Rev. St. George Armstrong Williams, M.A., Rev. Mr. HowltlIHh: curate of Llannor and Denio, Rev. D. Pugh, vicar of Abererch, the vice-chairman, trustees, secretary, &c. After parading through the principal streets, they proceeded to St. Peter's church, where- service was read by the Rev., St. George Armstrong Williams (the vicar), and a most .appropriate discourse delivered by the Rev. Mr. Rowlands, from Titus iii. 8. After the service they returned in ,the same order to the .Guildhai), where about 150 partook of a substantial dinner provided by Mr. Robert Owen, town crier. After the cloth was removed, several toasts were drank, and the whole company quietly dispersed towards their homes, evidently pleaded with the day's proceedings. We understand, that the •accumulated funds of this society amount to about £ 450. The present number of members being two hundred.
NORTH WALES RAILWAY.
NORTH WALES RAILWAY. Having given, in our last number, extracts from the report of the Lords'Committee on the affairs of til is railway, we add the fol- lowing account of the meeting of die shareholders A special meeting of this company was held on Tuesday week at the Guildhall Coffee-house, Mr. Chad wick in the chair. The C.iairman briefly stated Unit the directors were anxious to afford the shareholders' every information with respect to their affairs. The whole of tiie books would be laid before them, and it would !)e for those who were interested in this unfortunate pro-, it would be for those who were interested in this unfortunate pro- ject to decide what was best to be done u iderthe circumstances.' Henderson said, he was glad that the shareholders had tl.us been afforded another opportunity of expressing their opinion in favour of the conduct of she directors. With a view to clear up any doubt that might exist with regard to the management of their affairs, he ,ulÚd move that a cOIHnuttee of inquiry lie appointed, consisting of those m-lio were known$ £ i'be opposed to the directors, to investigate the affairs of the company, with power tuexíllllitle the directors, solicitor, or any other officer of die company. Air. Powell .seconded the resolution. After some observations from Dr. Waterfield and Mr. Butt, the resolution was unanimously passed, appointing a committee, con- sisting of Mr. J. Shaw (the solicitor of Mr. Archer). Mr. Norris, Mr. t rawfovd, Mr. Cohen, and Mr. Henderson,.with tuil powers to investigate the affairs of the company, and to report thereon at a flit-ore meeting.. In reply to questions, the Chairman stated that there was no thingdue .to landlords, solicitors, or Parliamentary agents that £ 600 would puy 08 all the liabilities of the company. The Lord Chancellor had decided against, theciahtrof Mr. Jackson, and it was not probable the lattei- would prosecute the suit any further. The powers of their act to take land had ceased last Jary. and next July the powers to carry .on the works would cease. With c respect to dividing the funds in hand, they acted under the advice of an eminent lawyer, H; Rolt. who had drawn up the deed. The difficulty was in this mode, of proceeding that it required all the pardes to agree to tiie dissolution of the company and to sign the deed. The only dissenting, partu-s he knew were Mr. Hulkeley Uughes and Mr. lierapath. The directors would give the com- mittee every facility in their powet to make any investigation they thought proper. Thanks were voted to the chairman, and. the meeting separated.
7 D"VON,C¿U,y}i"xo ON MIT. SUOKE'S ,CASB,-In, ac- cordance with the resolution of the public meeting'at the Sub- scription Rooms, a requisition i'or a county meeting is in-course of signature. It has already received 686 signatures. It is signed by two baronets, several county justices, admirals, cap- tains, R.N., the mayors of Plymouth, Barnstaple, Okehampton, Southmoltou, Torrington, &e., and by churchwardens in their official capacity. Western Úmes.
IldiijiotiH SimiiignirF. GELLYGAEK.—Oil Tuesday and Wednesday, the 10th and 11th inst., services were held in connexion with the ordination of Mr. J. D. Williams, late of Haverfordwest College, to the pastorate of the Baptist church at Gellygaer. On Tuesday evening sermons were preached by the Revs. T. Price, of Aberdare, and J. Roberts, of Merthyr. On Wednesday morn- ing the Rev. E. Williams, of Aberavon, delivered a short ad- dress on the nature of a Christian church. After the usual questions had been satisfactorily answered, Mr. Williams offered the ordination prayer, and the Rev. J. Roberts delivered the charge to the young minister. The discourse was a dis- criminating and forcible exposition of ministerial duty, and the Rev. J. Richards, of Newbridge, preached to the church, and inculcated in a very impressive style the duty of prayer on behalf of the minister. In the afternoon the Revs. T. Price, of Aberdare, and D. Jones, of Caerphilly, preached. In the evening the Revs. 13. Evans, of Hirwaen, and E. Williams, of Aberafon, preached. The devotional services were conducted by the Revs. Messrs. Evans, of Hirwaen, Evans, of the Nelson, and the young minister. The meetings were numerously at- tended, and full of unction. It is pleasing to state that the cause here has greatly revived since the commencement of Mr. Williams's labours amongst us. We have admitted six per- sons into our fellowship, and have eight others before the church. May the Lord of the harvest bless the efforts of his labourer in this populous neighbourhood to bring many to the knowledge and obedience of the truth. ORDINATION- SERVICES.—The ordination of tile Rev. Richard Morris, student of the Baptist Academy, Haverfordwest, and Ilorton College, Bradford, to the pastorate of the Baptist church, Great Drifloielcl, took place on the 5th and 6th of April. On Thursday, the 5th, at seven o'clock in. the evening, the in. troductory sermon on the constitution of a Christian church was preached by the Rev. B. Evans, of Scarborough. On Friday, the 6th, after singing and prayer, the usual questions were asked, and the ordination prayer offered, by the Rev. R. Johnston, of Beverley the charge to the minister was deli- vered by the Rev. James LL.D., president of Ilor- ton College the sermon to the church was preached by the Rev. Henry Dowson, of Bradford. In the afternoon the Rev. R. Harness, Burlington, introduced the service, alter which a sermon to the congregation was preached by the Rev. W. W alters, of Preston, Lancashire. At five o'clock there was a social tea party, in the Corn Exchange, after which addresses were delivered by the Revs. J, Acworth, LL.I)., H. Dowson, W. Walters, B. Evans, D. M. Thompson, of Hull, J. R. Jen- kins, of Horton College, and other ministers and friends. The services throughout were well attended. The sermons were masterly productions, and were listened to with the greatest attention and pleasure. The young minister enters upon his labours with the most encouraging prospects. BKTHESDA, CAIINAr,-VONSI[IRLI.' The Independent church at this place held its anniversary meeting on the 7th, 8th, and 9th inst. At six o'clock on the evening of the first day, sermons, were delivered by the Revs. T. Thomas, Aberdaron, and Hugh Pugh, of Mostyu. At ten, the following day, the Revs. T. Davies, Anglesea, and Hugh Pugh. At two, the Revs. T. Griffiths, Capelholyg, and W. Ambrose, Portinadoc. At six. the Revs. J. Davies, Conway, and T. Edwards, Ebenezer. At ten, on Monday morning, the Revs. E, Lewis, Dolyddelen, and Hugh Pugh, of Mostyn. At two, the Revs. J. Stephen, Dwy- gyfylchi, and D. Griffith, Bethel. At six, the Revs. T. Grif- fith and W. Ambrose. The meeting is reported to be one of the best ever held in the place. The spacious edifice was crowded to excess during the whole of the services. HOLYWELL.—Cm Good Friday last, the Independents of this place solemnised their religious anniversary. The various and respective services were engaged in by the Revs. J. Lloyd, Aber- gele D. James, Anglesea; E. T. Davies, St. George J. Grif- fiths, Buckley R. Knill, of Chester, &c. The day being highly favourable, the congregations were remarkably good; but the evening congregation was overflowing, and scores were obliged to go away, unable to find admittance. We were never better pleased, edified, and instructed by any previous anniver- sary PONTYPOOI,.—On Monday evening last, the teachers and friends ..of the English Baptist Sunday school met at their school-room, tr>.drink tea, and to adopt measures for the in- 'Isc crease and further improvement of the school. After the tea and cake had been dispensed with, the superintendent in a brief address laid before the meeting the present state of the, school. The meeting was afterwards addressed by the Rev. Thomas Thomas, W. W. Phillips, Esq., Messrs. Davies, Lewis' Havavard, and Young, who pointed out the duties of minis- ters and private memberswithregardtotheSundny-school,as well as the more important duties) of the teacher, in a very for- cible manner. THE SOUTH WALES UNITED ENGLTSII ASSOCIATION OF. MINISTERS AND Ciiuit-CHES.—The first quarterly meeting of the J above association Was held at the Burrows chapel, Swansea, on the 10th and 11th instant. On Tuesday evening the 10th, a sermon was preached on "Personal Religion," to a large: audience, by the Rev. T. Roberts, of Llanelly. On Wednes- day morning the ministers met in conference, and devoted. themselves to prayer and free conversation on the subject of, "Ministerial Devotion." At three p.m., a devotional meeting of ministers and church members was held, when addresses were delivered on EIli,:ieiit Church Membership." In the evening a numerously attended public service was held, when addresses were delivered on the Sabbath. The Rev. Mr. Griffiths, of GGwer, on the duties of the Sabbath the Rev. Mr. Ford, of Gower, on the privileges of the Sabbath and the Rev. W. Jones, of Swansea, on the desecration of the- Sabbath. The services throughout were interesting and profit- able, characterised with devout earnestness. It was resolved that the next meeting of the association shall be held in the last week in June, at Burry Green, Gower. y STRADGYNLA[S.-TEMPRi!A:Ci ANNIVSRS.VRY.—The Tem- perance Society of the -above place held their anniversary on Easter Monday. At ten o'clock, a.m., the several branches of the society met at the Independent chapel, and after Mr. B. Thomas, Pantteg, had introduced the service, the Rev. P. Griffiths, Alltwen. was voted to the chair, who, after a very telling address, called upon the Hev. J. Rees, Cannel, to address the meeting, who in an able speech stated that the use of intoxicating drinks retarded poli- tical reform, the advancement of science, and the progress of reli- gion. He was followed by ihe Rev. J. Thomas, Bwlelmewydd, who in a very humorous manner showed the connexion existing between mooerate drinking and drutilietmess j that drunkenness is the pare tit. of nine-tenths of the crimes existing in the commu- nity and that total abstinence is the only sure remedy. Then the Rev. R. Pryce, Cwmllyr.fe,. addressed the meeting in his peculiar maimer on the pernicious effect of intoxicating drinks on the hu- man system, and concluded by prayer. At half-past one, p.m., they met at the same place, and formed a procession, and went to ranttcg. There again the Rev. P. Griffiths oc- i cupied the chair. Mr. John Howells introduced the service then the chairman called upon the Revs. H. Rees, Ystrad, J. Rees, J. Thomas, and R. Pryce to address the meeting. At se\Cll o'clock, they met again at Ystrad. Mr. T. Levi com- menced the meeting. The Rev. H. Hees was voted to the chair, who called upon Mr. G. John, Swansea, Hevs. J. Rees, and J. Thomas to address the meeting. The congregations were over- flowing throughout the day, and listened with the greatest atten- tion, and expressed their saiisfaction very often by bursts of laughter, which was occasioned by the humorous illustrations made use of by the speakers to explain and enfo; ce the principle. The principle-has taken a firm hold in this place among the Indepen- dents and the Calvinisuc Methodists. The male members of both churches, with a lew e. abstainers. "RIO.
AT KinDHRMjNSTEH, a number of persons have been taken ill after using flour., On examination, it transpired- that- the miller's man luuj put sugar of lead instead of alum into the fluur. What right had he to adulteraie the flour with cither sa bs tnce ? The Kid'dennmsfer■ Me.sscnge-r says, "We regret to have to announce that the numbers injuriously affected by par- taking ot the poisonous mixture referred to in our Inst have very alarmingly increased since Thursday, and that several cases are likely .to prove fatal. As many as six or seven fa- 11 I milies, numbering seven, ten, and fifteen members, have been ill in consequence of the poison being absorbed into the system. The danger only becoming apparent when the symptoms were at their heght, III many cases medical aid was not obtained till the liartics were in a very dangerous condition. The fol- lowing are the Ofptiieiits suffering severely from the deletrious compound, who are under the treatment of the me- dical gentlemen of the town :-150, Messrs. Freer 70, Mr. Thomas Bum-ks; 60, Mr. Cooper; 50, Messrs. Betts and Giles; 50, Mr, Henry "Wilson 30, Mr. Norris; and 90. Mr. Norris, jutu, making a .total of 50 cases. The greatest excitement'pre- vailsin town-respecting the matter, and notice has been given that a meeting will be held .to investigate the subject. NEWSPAPER ENTEKIHCISR'.—SO constantly .is the electric tele- g. aph in requisition for the purposes of the press on the other side of the Atlantic, that one of the New York papers is about to have an independent" track of telegraph constructed for its own exclusive use from New York to Washington and Boston. Ihe eastern route will be 215 miles, and the southern 225.
C0MPULSOET EI)1jCATION,—TIIE BISHOP OF ST- DAVID'S POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY. (From the Patriot,) Those persons who imagine, and even assume it as an un- deniable fact, that the people of this country, or any class of them, require to have education for their children forced upon their acceptance by legal provision, can have little nc quaintance with the poorer or working classes, and little faith in human nature. The institution of Ragged school has brought out the fact, that, even amongst the most de- graded and demoralised, those who belong to what is termed the dangerous class," parents addicted to vice and crime have expressed anxiety that their children should not be left to follow the same evil course of life, and have thankfully availed themselves of the offered elementary and religious instruction for their offspring. The working classes are. indeed, generally disposed to make great sacrifices to pro- cure for their children a good education. Proofs of this are continually to be met with in the Ileports of the Commis- sioners. In times of distress and pressure, no doubt, there is a strong-temptation, if it doc-snot amount to necessity, when- ever the labour of the child can be turned into bread, to withdraw him from the school. But, not unfrequently, it is because the teaching is ineffective, that the temptation is yielded to. Good schools are always well attended. Chil- dren are found coming a distance of four or five miles toattend them. Were any cumpulsory law requisite or justifiable, the best plan to secure the education of the child, and the least exceptionable interference with private rights, would be, to enact, that no child should be employed in any species of labour, until he had attained a certain proficiency"in read- ing and writing. The parents might then safely "he left to find the educa ion, or to supply it. But mark the iniquity of a law which should forbid a child's being taught at home by his own mother or sister, however competent, ard forced to go to the parish school. Yet, this is what is gravely pro- posed by some of our State-Educationists, who speak as if there could be no education except the drill of a school-room and no schools worthy of the name, but such as combine the repulsive features of a charity-school on the one hand, and of a local burden on the other. ueic there no difference of opinion about the mc- thod of education," says the Bishop of St. David's"'in his recent Charge to his clergy," the question would not be. whe:fcern was a part of the proper business of Government to provide the means of education for all, but, whether any shoula be at liberty to refuse them when offered,1 whether a parent who happened to be wanting in natural affection or sense of dutv,_ should be allowed to d prive his children of such all blessing, and ejutail upon society the mischiefs whie.i threaten it from the ignorance and depra- vuvof its inemoers." The two questions are much more closely connected than the learned prelate seems to imagine. We should like to know whether, in the case supposed the poor man only ought not to be at liberty to refuse the offered boon, or whether all classcs, rich and poor, would be bound to take the good the gods of earth should provide j- whether a wealthy or high-born parent who happened to be wanting m natural affection or in a sense of duty, would be allowed to entail upon society the mischief arising from ig- norance and depravity in the members of the wealthier ranks. The rights of the rich and the poor, in this respect are, or ought to be, on a level. Society requires quite as much to be protected against the depravity and ignorance of the tormer as of the latter. Under the old Churrli-and-Sfpie system, Government, did undertake to provide both the secular and the religious teaching for all classes, and to limit, as well as enforce, the provision; and none were at liberty to refuse the teaching. Does Bishop Thirhvali think it an unhappy circumstance, that Government Cflll, no longer up- hold its-monopoly by pains and penalties against recusants? He admits, that there is at present no room for such a ques- tion that it could arise only if there were no religious differences among us, or, if religion could be keptanart from the work of education." The practical difficulties of separat- ing religious, from what is called secular, instruction, the Bishop, while betraying a strong leaning in favour of that scheme, admits to be "evident enough;" and they would probably, he adds, be found "far greater in the working, than they appear upon paper." How, indeed, could such separation be penally enforced, but by subjecting all secu- lar teachers to an intolerable surveillance and to a degrad- ii) g -bondage ? ° It is foitunafe, then, most assuredly, all things considered, that there exist religious, as well as political differenccs among us. Our liberties would he as unsafe in the hands of doctrinaire Liberals, such as Bishop Thirlwall, as our reli- gious interests would be in those of the Neologists of the bteyhng Club. Those who object to State-edaeation and btate-rehgion appear, however, to our very liberal and candid 1 reiate, not only to exhibit "a melancholy sign of confusion oi uie'as, but to be actuated by no better motives than an excessive violence of party-spirit." "It seems," his lord- snip tells his Welsh clergy, as if they (the advocates of free- dom or education) looked upon the State as a neecssary evil, and considered e\cry Government as essentially unholy so as to defile all that it touches not as, what it really is, oil eminently sacred institution, designed, by the exercise of its legislative functions, liot merely to protect the safety and freedom of individuals, but to promote their progress to- wards the highest end of their being." ° Where did the Bishop imbibe his notions of the end of Government ? Not in the school of Hooker or Locke, of War jurton or Paiey; and certainly not in that of Paul of Tarsus, who neither taught nor conceived that God has en. trusted any such high commission to CtBsar. The corrup- tion of our nature being pre-supposed, we may not deny," says Hooker, hut that the law of nature doth now recuire of necessity some kind of regimellt." He did not look icon tae ^tato. as a "pessary evil, but he viewed Government as rendered necessary by evil. He considered tyranny, how- ever, as a great evil, since "the lawful power of making laws to command whole politic so. ieties of men, belono-eth so' properly unto the same entire societies, that for any prince or potentate of what kind soever upon earth to exercise the same or iiimself, and not either by express commission im- mediately and personally received from God, or else by autho- rity derived at the first from their consent upon whose per- sons tney impose laws, it is no better than ipere tyranny (Ee,I. Pot., h. i., sec. 10). There are things belonging to God, which a Government cannot touch without dcfil?m> • and other things with which it cannot meddle without mar- ring and injuring them. Among those things are, freedom or worsmp, treedom of teaching, and freedom of printing,— the rights of conscience, the rights of industry, and the rights of education. When Bishop Thirlwall charges those who hoid these political doctrines with being willing that myriads should grow up in ignorance and vice, he misrepre- sents and calumniates,—which a Bishop, above all other men, ought not to do. He has furnished us, however with an additional proof, that the Education Question involves the most important of all political problems,-the end and province of civil Government, and the securities of civil and religious liberty. Delivered at the Triennial Visittitioii of his Diocese in Oc- tober last.
THE CONVICT Hush. — Hush was ask(d whether he would wish to receive the visits of the Rev. J. Brown, the chaplain of the Castle; he, however, very courteously declined the rev. gentle- man's spiritual services, observing that he had made his peace with God prior to the trial. lie lias been visited, however by the Rev. W. W. Andrew, of Hethel, at his own request the chaplain also has since had some communications with him. On'Saturday he was visited by some members of his fmnily, who are impressed with a conviction of his innocence. The visits have since been repeated. His confident and lofty tone hhs been considerably subdued, but he still adheres to his protes- tations of innocence, and of the truth of the tale about Dick, Joe, and the Lawyer." On Sunday afternoon lie attended Divine Service at the chapel, and strictly-complied with all the forms of the service. There is every reason to suppose that he will he executed on Saturday, the 21st instant. His soli- citor has not visited hill since his conviction. His demeanour though far from manifesting signs of contrition, is anything but le' is so troubled that he cannot rest. — Xtrfol/i News. Ei.iz v CKKSTNEY has not suffered hi any way from being brought to Norwich and her return to Stanfield her present condition is considered most satisfactory. The subscription for her already amounts to £ 336 8s.