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-----__-----.-THE NORMAL COLLEGE.…



STATISTICS OF CRIME IN LIVERPOOL. From a lieport just published, we find that the number of offenders brought before the borough magistrates in this town, during the twelve months ending December 31st. 1848, amount to 22,036. The following tables exhibit to what countries they respectively belovured :— Males. Females. Total. England. 7,138 3,650 10,788 — Ireland. 5,280 8,514 8,794 Scotland. 644 243 887 Wales 519 265 784 Isle of Man 128 25 153 Foreign 607 23 630 14,316 7,720 22,036 The numbers committed into the borough gaol are as follows& follows Felonies. Misdemeanours. Males. Females. Males. Females. Total. England.. 318 157 2,930 1,693 5,104 Ireland 136 illi 2,476 1,935 4,661 Scotland.. 15 7 17.5 108 30;5 ;• lsj 11 106 114 250 Isle of Man 3 2 21 16 42 Foreign 15 1 301 27 344 506 292 6,015 3,893 10,706 v\ e are glad that these tables have been published; we are quite proud of them not merely with reference to the town of Liverpool alone, but to Wales at large, "and to the reputation-of Welshmen in general. When we hear persons declaiming that we are fast sinking into barbarism," we have a habit of producing figures forward to contradict their bold assertions; and we think that the above figures will amply justify all that has been advanced in defence of the "Welsh as a nation, notwithstanding all that has been said by the believers in the vivifying properties of Dr. Kaye Shuttleworth's bolus for poor Wales," who,, if we could credit these physicians, is declining daily in moral and intel- lectual strength, from pure want of this offered boon, which is so summarily rejected by the patient, or rather the invalid, as "Yi ales has not yet become Dr. Shuttle worth's patient." We will now proceed to examine the above tables, and after premising that it must be borne in mind that State Education has to some degree been tried in England and Ireland, and to a much greater extent in Scotland, we beg to draw the attention of our readers to the following facts :— 0 The number of English of both sexes brought before the magistrates during the past year was 10,788, and of Irish only 1,994, less, viz. 8,794; of Scotch 887, and of Welsh 784. We will confine our remarks to the representatives of the shamrock, thistle, and leek they being all alike exiles from their native homes; whatever advantages or disadvantages such a situation may present, they enjoy the advantages, and are exposed to the disadvantages, in an equal degree. We have no means of computing the relative proportions of natives of the three countries; but by a comparison of the numbers of places of worship possessed by each nation, we think that we shall make a very near approach to the truth. The Catholics in Liverpool are chiefly Irish, and there are eight Catholic chapels in Liverpool, including St. Francis Xavier's, a Jesuit chapel, recently opened and we may add one Protestant place of worship for the Irish Protestants, one in nine being about the computed proportion of Pro- testants to Catholics in Ireland, although there is not a single congregation of Protestants or Catholics exclusively Irish in Liverpool so that we have thus nine places of wor- ship attended by Irishmen but it must be borne in mind' that the Catholic chapels are very spacious chapels, and that they have at least two separate congregations attending each, at different times all the Sabbath day. But on the other hand, there are a great number of English Catholics in Liverpool, as well as in Lancashire generally but in order not to underrate their numbers, we will as- sume that there are sixteen Catholic and two Protestant congregations, exclusively Irish, making in all eighteen. Both the Scotch and the Welsh have peculiar forms of wor- ship, which are cherished even in foreign lands, and to which the mass of the people in both countries are devotedly attached, and cling to them with a surprising tenacity every- where, so much so, that we think that the congregations of both countries arc a fair criterion by which we may judge of the relative numbers of Scotchmen to AVelshmen, with a very near approximation to the exact numbers of each. There are eight Scotch churches in I,i\ trpool, belonging to different sections of Scotch denominations; and there are seventeen Welsh Dissenting congregations, and two churches in connexion with the Established Church of England, where- Welsh services are read and sermons preached each Sabbath, making in all nineteen Welsh places of worship. From these data we do not think that we shall fall into a great error by assuming that there are in Liverpool three Irishmen to two Welshmen, and two Welshmen to one Scotchman. If there be an en or in this calculation, it certainly is not an error in favour of Welshmen. By referring to the second table, that relating to felonies and misdemeanours, our readers will perceive that the total number of Irishmen committed to the borough gaol were 4,661 to 250 Welshmen, 18g to 1 while their proportion, according to their numbers as shown above, should, in order to be equal, have been 375 to 250, or as 3 to 2 and even should their numbers be double those of the Wrelsh popula- tion (which we are sure they are not), the number of com- mitments would only be 500, and not as now 4,661. Of Seotchinen^therc were committed in the past year .305,'being nearly 2 £ Scotchmen to one Welshman, for as we have before snoun there are at least 2 Welshmen to 1 Scotchman in Liverpool; therefore their fair proportion should have been 12Ö, and not 30.5, if we take the number of Welshmen com- mitted as a standard by which Ave may test the morals of Scotchmen and Irishmen, when placed in similar circum- stances to each other. Again, by referring to the columns relating to felonies, we nnd also there, that a disproportion in the relative numbers 11 -r ;sh 2.-0 welsh 30—Scotch 22 instead of 4o, ,,J, and lo. 1 he proportion being ruteably 5j Irishman, and H Scotchmen, to 1 Welshmen. Such being the case, we again say, we are proud of the above tables, as they exhibit in the most unmistakeable manner the-superior honesty and morality of Welshmen, when contrasted with either Irishmen or Scotchmen. Facts are proverbial for being stubborn things; let State Educa- tionists ponder upon these facts, and let us not hear of the- superiority of Scotland to Wales in education; for if they are superior'(which oil the. whüle we are not disposed to allow) in education, Witlos is much superior in morality to either Scotland or Ireland; although we have not a compul- sory education although we have not Government teachers; no, not teachers, supported out of the rates, teaching, our yfmth. in our schools. Long, long may Wales t: maintain-yher .exalted position amongst the nations of the earth; and may Cambria continue to be a trophy of the power ot free religion., and free education, is the* praeyr of her freedom-loving, sons.'

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