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CHURCH AND STATE.—MR. NOEL'S ESSAY. TO THE EDITOR OF THE PRINCIPALITY, SIR,-Having just finished the perusal of Mr. Noel's Essay on the Union of Church and State, it may not be altogether out of place perhaps, nor- unprofilable to your numerous readers, to offer a few observations on the work. In my humble opinion this is the most correct picture ever drawn of this most anti- Evangelical Alliance. The pious and learned author has well examined its nature and tendency. In every section of the work throughout he shows a perfect knowledge of the subject, he- enters most minutely into all its ramifications, developments, relations and influences, with the master-hand of one who has walked through all the "Chambers of imagery," and mysteries of iniquity which belong, to this corrupt system. In wading through the pages of the essay, I felt a sensation similar to that which one feels that watches the progress of an eclipse; every- thing grows darker and darker as you go on until you arrive at the awful climax that overshadows all, and extinguishes everv ray of hope. ■With this feeling pervading my mind, and all the while the illumining pages making the darkness visible," I could not help remembering a remark I had heard from the Rev. Hugh Stowel, the popular leader of the no-Popery party, whilst exerting his manly eloquence, worthy of a better cause, in the defence of his own Church and in exploding Dissent, he said as lie alluded to some of the defects of the Establishment, they are but spots on the sun," We shall take the phrase as: it is, and if the point of the sentence can be turned against him who uttered it in the above connexion our victory will be deci- sive, for which purpose the argumentem ad hominem b, in,, the best, always contrary to the vulgar opinion, it has been ascer-' tained that the sun is a dark body, surrounded by a luminous atmosphere, and that the so-called spots are in reality no other than parts of his surface that appear between those irregular fissures which sometimes take place in the bright atniosphere that encircles it. This popular metaphor when analysed philo- sophically, becomes fatal to the immaculate system under notice. Our national hierarchy is like the sun and its luminous atmosphere the latter is composed of the radiance of the crown, the patronage of the State, the emblazoned mitre and whitened lawn; amid the galaxy of earthly splendour other rays commingle, painted glass, wax candles, with all the gorgeous parade of symbolism, which, taken together, make up the "dim religious light" that so mysteriously blends with all the pomp, pride, and vanity of this sinful world." -through this splendid uniform of uniformity, which has been so sadly rent of late, is now clearly seen the real state of ,Ilitigs--that the Church of England is a dark body. But bap- tismal regeneration, absolution of sin, and other errors, are such little spots as to be scarcely visible to a non-resident rector, who lives in a distant sphere, and moves in the orbit of wander- ing stars. J. March 12, 1849. ————