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SONNHT. ABSEXCE. arc who say that absence to the heart, Forgretfulness, or cold indifference brings Theere0d i' false I-from thosc we love apart, Affect-ions' fount with quickened impulse springs, Gushes a deeper tide of love ;—the Wings Of Time refreshing in their happy flight; While memory, ever fond and truthful, clinga To the one day.star of her constant sight; the while, with sweet serene delight, •. Each word-each look-eaeh tOIle, recalled anew The moments of that last dear interview •— No! hope may waverfancy veil her light,— But 'mid all time and trials, Love still is true. M. A. B.
TAKE BACK YOUR DIRTY MONEY!
TAKE BACK YOUR DIRTY MONEY! AN IRISH MiSLODY FOR QRATTAN". TsrŒ back your dirt: money: Take back your dirty money, Your millions well restore, Your charity to TAT. If ')u'll bc j:lst returning Och! but it's ini,Ltv funny th,,tt Above a hundred more, To hear ye talk of that! Bv absentees expended, Your bounty—Phoo !—we'll mock it, 'From Erin's isle who roam, Reject it with one hand, Whose days had soon been ended And with the other pocket Whose days had soon been ended And with the other pocket If they had stopped at home. The trifle we d,iii-,tnd.-Puneh.
@trnniug5. INTEMPERANCE," says the Scottish Tempennce Review, "dems pulpits, undermines Sabbath-schools, mocks missions, and pawns tor drink the very Bible you would reform it with." .ENGLAND'S HEAL G[.OHY.— The glory of England was inse- parably connected with one fact, and that was that she main- t lined" her station in the great intellectual companson she was carrying on with the other nations of the world.-Sir 11. Peel. OCEAN PENNY POSTAGE, if applied merely to the English Channel, would be worth at least a dozen lecturers on the Conti.no.it t) t'lla Peace Movement. With a Penny Post across the narrow strait, we could work the Continental field from England, plying thousands of leading minds with facts, arguments, an t principles, which would educate them for action in the ranks of Peace.—Elihu Burritt's Bond of Bro- therhood. TIME.—Time is like a creditor who allows an ample space to make up accounts, but is inexorable at last. Time is like a verb that can only be of use in the present tense. Time, well employed, gives that health and vigour to the .soul which health and retirement afford to the body. Time never sits heavily onus but when it is badly employed. Time is a grateful friend; use it well, and it never fails to make a suitable requital. BURN You A JEWS.—If the Jew be ex necessitate fidei the natural enemy of the Christian, encompass him with disabili- ties on every side. Let "him be debarred from holding property in any shape, for property will always bring influence. We should not in strictness stop short even at this point. If reli- gious persecution be admitted as a sound rule of action, Baron Rothschild and Sir Isaac Lyon Goldsmid should, after a short preliminary interview with the Bishops of London and Exeter, be conducted to Smithfield-market all any day, not being a cattle day, and there summarily buc,,it. Thus we should purge away our national sin, and offer at the same time every in- dueement to the Jews to reconsider their position. — Tunes. SAXON" CHARACTERISTICS.—The most remarkable of all Saxon characteristics is, the utilitarian character of the Saxon mind. They advise you to be religious, were it. only for the economy of the thing—its atility-its profit. With them, no doubt, oc- casionally, "holiness is a great gain." I pointed out to an English lady in the British Museum the fossil remains of the monstrous tortoise sent from India by Captain Cauntlett, and by my esteemed friend and former student, Mr. Falconer. I called her attention to its almost incredible size, and the won- ders of creation unfolded to man by the fossil remains already discovered. For a time she stood lost in thought; and then, with much seriousness, inquired if the shell was in a fit con- dition for the making of tortoise-shell combs! True to her race, her utilitarian mind made a direct application in the right direction.—Dr. Knox (JIedieal Times). Ccrtious FACTS.—From an average of the nicest experiments made on good meat, moderately fat, 4 lbs. beef lose 1 lb. in boiling, 1 lb. 3 ozs. in baking, and 1 lb o ozs. in roasting while 4 lbs. mutton lose 14 ozs. in boiling, 1 lb. 4 ozs. in baking, ana 1 lb. 6 ozs. in roasting. A SIKH'S DIFFICULTY IN COMPREHENDING CHRISTIANITY.— The Moolraj has written a letter to General Whish, referring to the treatment which his brother-in-law received in Ed- vardes's camp, and asks, What' is the religion that first seized, outraged, and wounded Lala Longa Mull—then cured PATENTS Vlie^iumllier oV^paVents sealed at W estminster during the year 1847, amounted to 498, and the amount of fees to £ 9,387 in Scotland, during the same period, to 163, fees £ 2,934 and in Ireland to 76, fees £583.
/irrsik Clint. Now, papa, tell me what is humbug r" "It is," replied papa, when mamma pretends to be very fond of me, and puts no buttons on my shirt!" JENNY MAUIUAGE.— F.M. the Duke of Wellington presents his compliments to Mr. Harris, and will feel it the proudest moment of his life to give away the lovely bride."— Punch. A YOUNG DANDY, who sported. an enormous moustachio, asked a lady what she thought of his looks. Why," said she, you look as if you had swdlowed a squirrel, and left the tail sticking out of your mouth." THE POPE.—A lady, noted for her kind feeling, on hearing that the Pope was a fugitive from Rome, exclaimed, Poor old man has he got any family r" On the matter being explained to her, she added, Well, I hope he'll marry now."—Gates- head Observer. To-ii, where did you got (hat cloak.?" Oil! I annexed it, and I'm going to acquire a dress coat somehow, if I can establish a territorial government orar a dozen silver spoons I picked up. It's destiny—its Anglo-S uxonisni. — Pittsburgh Visitor, U.S. "KITTY, where's the fryiiig "Johnny's got it, carting mud and oyster shells up the alley, with the cat for a horse." The dear little fellow what a genius he'll yet mike but go an 1 get it. We're going to have company, a, I-I must fry some fish for dinner." TOBACCO AND KISSES.—Ned Buntliae savs that the women ought to make a pledge not to kiss a man that uses tobacco, and it would soon break up the practice; and a friend of ours says they ought also to pledge themselves to kiss everv man that don't use it, and we go for that too.— Palladium of Prec- (Am ;rican.) [Possibly the gallant editor is a bachelor and not a smoker.] 1 IN a village in the west of England," the Arbroath Guide relates, the following is seen to flourish over the door of an ancient couple:- I curs a boose, and my \vi4fc cars the crinders." The meaning intended to be conveyed is: I cures allies, and inv wife cures the jaundice." A man at an ordinary had eaten so enormously, that the company were astonished awl disgusted at his gluttony. The gjntleman at the head of the table ironically pressed him to tike another plateful, observing that he had actually eaten nothing". The gourmand declined taking any more, saying that his stomach was quite gone; upon which an Irish gentleman opposite exclaimed, If its your stomach that's gone, my honey must mean the bottom part of it!" TO urs MISTT.IGSS.—-The following is an exquisite Etb mwcevLv. It is the impassioned address of the lover to his mistress:- A, if, 0 1 -it Hung- o'er thy beatius* heart, ,\Yhilsc tity warm Lp, like rOBe-leav2s st1rr'd, Wo-lil breathe my name apart. "Would breathe my name apart, my lova, In fairy tones so small; True rose-leaves on the gross, 1ny love, Mi*lit not more gently 1',1.1.1. And I would listen, like a child, That hears in eetasy The unbOULdlt music of a shell, Lost from the rolls sea. JSXRY/RSTTEXSFCS AND GENTILITY.—-In a recent lecture at Ex- et-n- Ir. O. Dawson said ever I am tempted to set up for myself some potty exdaslvenr;ss -if ever I wish to become ynteel, from which may God deliver me !-thcn I read out O'lce more those awful words of old, naked came we into the world,' and in like plight shall we go out; and then all that nonsense fills nipped in the bud." STEAM TO CIIACK Nu-rs.Tlie, county of Westmoreland lately paid f32 for prosecuting a man for stealing a fishing-rod. Surely the county will not go on for ever using steam-engines to crack nuts.— Gateshead Observer. SOMETHING BINDING ON THE NOISILITY.—None but Lords are allowed to receive the Order of the Garter. We do not envy them. for Garter is generally considered a fitting ornament for calves.—Punch. t
. QJrllrrnt Mtm.
QJrllrrnt Mtm. IIAFIZ BEY, an Egyptian admiral, is at present visiting Li- verpool. QUIT* PRINCIPAL DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS EVERYWHERE.— Greys and Elliots. Glasgow Examiner. AN ELOPEMENT from Cambridge was prevented on Saturday week by means of the electric telegraph. A COLOSSAL PANORAMA of 25,000 miles of scenery-a voyage round the world—is advertised at New York. A DEPUTATION from the Quakers hAs had an interview with Mr. Macaulay upon the subject of his notice of William Penil. NOTICE TO EMIGRANTS.—Job Boxem hegs to call the atten- tion of all persons about to embark for California, to his stock of ready-made coffins, shrouds, &c., &c. A liberal allowance to families taking a quanity.—Liverpool Jones. CONSECRATION OF AN ABBOTT.—The Rev. J. Palmer, other- wise Father Bernard, was consecrated abbott of the Monastery of St. Bernard, in Charnwood Forest, on Sunday iteek. It was the first consecration of the kind in England since the reforma- tion. RETILENCIIIIE-,T.-The IIants Independent shows how Govern- ment ought to economise in the Admiralty department, but does not, and will not, because its economy is a sham Not from the junior clerk upward, but from the First Lord down- ward." THE CALIFORNIA MANIA.—-A banker's clerk, aged ID, has fled from Fife, Scotland, after abstracting L350 from the bank safe. It is suspected that he and two other lads have had their ima- ginations so fired by what they have read about California, that they have set off for that new El Dorado. Jo, PREVENTION OF COILITOS _i._Th-- best means of preventing the corrosion of metals is to dip the articles first into very dilute nitric acid, to immerse them afterwards in linseed oil, and allow the excess of oil to drain off. By this process metals are ef- fectively preserved from rust or oxidation. METROPOLITAN MAGISTRATES.—The vacancies occasioned by the deaths of Messrs. Ballantine and Jeremy have been sup- plied by the appointment of Mr. Ingham, of the northern cir- cuit, and Mr. Gilbert Abbott A'Becket, a well known contri- butor to Punch. CAUTION TO SERVANTS AND OTHERS.—-An Act has come into operation which inflicts a penalty with costs, amounting to 15s., upon those through whose neglect chimneys take fire. Formerly the magistrates had the power of imposing the nomi- nal fine of 6d., with os. costs. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION BETWEEN AMERICA AND EU- ROPE.—Amongst the miscellaneous proceedings of the United States Congress are projects to establish a telegraphic commu- nication across the Atlantic to Europe, to form a similar line across the American continent, and also a project to form a line of railway from the Lakes of Michigan to the Pacific. QUEEN'S COUNSBL,-The Lord Chancellor on Friday invited the following gentlemen to take their seats inside the bar :—Mr. Sergeant Kinglake, on his obtaining a patent of precedence Mr. Edward Lloyd, Mr. Greenwood, Mr. Malins, Mr. Calvert, Mr. Keating, and Mr. Roundell Palmer, on their being ap- pointed Queen's Counsel. 0 FLOWER POTS.—It you use new pots for any kinds of seeds, they ought to be first steeped in water for a few hours, as they will be too dry otherwise, and will suck away the moisture from the seeds, and nothing is worse for them than to be too often watered. All your old empty pots ought also to he steeped and well-washed to be ready for use. AAMY ESTIMATES.—These estimates have also been issued. They show a decrease of £ 378,62 i, and a diminution of 10,593 men. Of these, however, 3,31.5 will be transferred to the Indian army. In the British army, the number of officers will be reduced by 115; but be increased in the Indian army by 156 so that while the men are reduced, the officers are, in the two services, augmented by 41 THE ORDNANCE ESTIMATES have not yet appeared but the contemplated retrenchments in the expenditure of the year, in the navy, army, and the post-office packet service, are as umler Navy £ 366,310 Army 378,621 Post-office packet-service.. 109,058 Total decrease.. £ 853,992 THE NAVY ESTIMATES.— xhe Daily News, after stating tnat the net estimate for the financial year 1848-9 was E9,726,61 0, and that the sum required to be voted for the service of 1849-50 is £ 6,260,740, proceeds to show that although this looks like a reduction of CI,465,870, the actual reduction, from post-office and other sources of expense being transferred to other esti- mates, will be only P,366,310, or less than one-third of what it at first appears to be. THE PASSPORT S YSTEM.—A step in the right direction has been taken by the English and French companies interested in tl,a ni-nmntion of the traffic between London and Paris, by for- warding a collective petition to the .Minister of the Interior, showing the advantages that would result to both cities, from abolishing the passport system for travellers between the two countries. — Railway Chronicle. AGRICULTURAL PRIZE Esskyi.-Tlie Belgian Government has instituted two prizes—of 5,000 francs with a gold medal, and 1,000 francs respectively -thei-irst for the best work on general agriculture, and the second for the best treatise on the disease of the potato. Foreigners are invited to compete, and manuscripts are to be sent to the Ministry of the Interior 1^- fore the 1st of January in next year. NEW PERIODICAL BY ELIZA COOK.—We have much pleasure in learning that a weekly periodical of instructive and amusing interest will be commenced the first week in May, by Eliza Cook, whose popular and genuine poetry has done so much for homes and hearts." We predict a nietitorious success, and shall hail its appearance with a hearty welcome.—Sun. OUR RELIGIOUS Gov, -riie Nonconformist says of the Bible-printing monopoly :—" Our Government professes an earnest anxiety for the religious instruction of the working classes, and, in the teeth of th it profession, supports a mono- poly which is questionable in law, restrictive in effect, and be- neficial to no earthly being except the patentees." O ERIN, WRO.NGED ERIN !—According to Mr. Macgregor, M.P., the total expenditure on account of Ireland, during "the last tairty years, has exceeded the total revenue collected thereby from two to four millions per annum, whilst three- fourths of the taxes levied in Scotland have been paid into the Imperial Exchequer.—Liverpool Albion. 0 RUSH'S CHILD.—Emily James, alias Sandford, was brought to bed .tiiis morning, in Wymondham Bridewell, of a g; ri. Norwich Mercury, Saturday. [This necoujhemunt, sooner we believe than was excepted, will probably enable her to give evidence against Rush. The circumstances under which the poor infant sees the light are melancholy enough.] JENNY LINO.—It is stated that this excellent and charitable lady has consented to sing in aid of the fund raised for the re- lief of the widows and orpiians so suddenly made such by the explosion at the Darley Main colliery. Evron's description is realised in a way never thought of by Jen iv Lind. In the cause of charity — liie voice of the nightiugale never is mute." PrmLIC JUIBKAIUES.—A return moved for by Mr. W. Ewart, M.P., shows that the total number of volumes of printoJ books received, from 1814 to 1847 inclusive," under -tire"Copyright Act,, by the trustees of the British Museum, amount to 55,474 and the number of parts of volumes, including music, to 80,047. The number of maps, charts, ice., received since 1 amount to 187, and the number of puts of maps, &c\, to 131. The total number of vulurJcs of printed contained in the li- brary of the Museum at the end of the. vear 18 48 amounted to about 10.),000, i. HE BOARD OF IIEALTII.—The physicians have BEEN directed to visit all pauper institutions where childron of tender age are brought up, with a view of ascertaining their exact condition, and thereby discovering their general treatment. If this pro- ceeding is carried out, it will be of incalculable advantage to that portion of the community, as well as most-satisfactory to the public generally. SCARCITY OF COAL IN OOOTLAXO.—-At this moment there is a scarcity of coed, resulting from the painful fact of so many labourers in the mines of the west country .having.been swept away by the destroying pestilence, and thereby greatly dimi- nishing the amount of manual labour. Wages nave risen in consequence, and coalmasters, mts believe, hive ottered large sums for additional men..The miners generally are an intem- perate class, and cleanliness by them has never yet been rightly prised. Sad has been the lesson taught them by the recent ravages of the scourge We hope it may be as impressive, salu- tary, and lusting.—Renfrewshire Advertiser (Feb. 19). WHar HUHXG- DINNER TO Mu. Conosx, M.P.— Mr. Cobden has signified his acceptance of the invitation which has been given to him to attend a large public dinner of the electors, which is to take place at Leeds, on. Wednesday in E ister week. Mr. Cobden, in his letter of acceptance addressed to George Goodman, Esq., Chairman of the Committee, says, "I shall hope for the happiness of meeting all those active and energe- tic men with whom it was my privilege to co-operate during our late hard struggle for free trade, and in whose veteran ranks I am prepared to march onward in a new camoaign, not p only against Government extravagance, but everv p ditieal and social corruption, which unites, in the true spirit of Conserva- tism, the hostility of all real reformers." THE IRON TRADE.—We have much gratification in being able to continue our favourable report of this important trade. The tendency to improvement noticed in our last account, under which sales were being refused in expectation of better prices, has since rapidly progiesse'd, until at the commence- ment of last week several leading houses found it requisite to declare an advance of 20s. per ton on manufactured iron, to escape an accumulation of speculative orders that were being so abundantly forwarded. This advance has been well re- ceived, and there appears little doubt that it will be fully esta- blished by the next meeting of the trade, some dealers having already cheerfully submitted to it for parcels in immediate re- quisition. The demand for all sorts of hardware goods is also reviving, and, under the expectation of more animation as the spring advances, manufacturers are yet in the market to pro- vide themselves with material. The demand for pig-iron has been checked a little, but we have heard of some sales having been made at an advance of 10s. per ton. Several furnaces have been set to work, or, as it is termed, blown in, since we gave our last list, and others are being prepared for speedy resump- tion. A prevalent cause of delay, however, presents in the short supplies of ironstone, the small stocks on the banks having in most instances been bought up. By the reports of the Welsh and Scotch trades we also learn that much activity prevails there, and a large extension of make is likely to take place. Rejoicing sincerely as we do in such a prospect of full employment for the labourer, with remuneration to the master, we cannot refrain from repeating a word of caution lest an im- provident extension of make, urged by visionary expectations, should mar the continuance of permanent benefit. The late discoveries of an abundant and, as reported, almost inexhaust- ible supply of the precious metal has already revived the droop- ing spirit of industry and given an unusual impulse to our mercantile affairs, particularly with the United States and should this supply prove as extensive as it is represented, it must continue to operate favourably during the whole period of its dispersion, and perhaps may ultimately induce a consi- derable alteration in the relative value of money generally, com- pared with labour and produce but it should be borne in mind that no unusual channel of consumption for iron has been de- veloped, nor are railway undertakings in a position to create anv heavy demand, while the agricultural interests, which have huherto been, and ever must be, the foundation and sup- port of all others, are unfortunately steadily declining. A re- lapse, therefore, into the distressing condition from which we are scarcely yet securely extricated may be experienced should we again fall into the error of over-productioii.-Bit-i)tiityltai)i Gazette. ALARMING COLLISION .-On Tuesday night, as the passenger train to Manchester was slackening speed to run into the sta- tion at Haslingden, it was met by a heavy goods train. The two engines on coming in contact were dreadfully shattered, and both thrown off the line. There were about 60 or 70 pas- sengers in the entire train, but happily none of them suffered any injury beyond contusions of the head and knees, and se- vere shakings. The goods train was a heavy one, of 17 wag- gons, several of which were knocked to pieces.-Globc. FIRE AT ST. Jour's CHAPEL, BEDFORD-ROW.—Yesterday afternoon during Divine service at St. John's chapel, Bedford- row, the congregation was alarmed by a cry of Fire." The Rev. Mr. Garrod, who had just commenced his sermon, begged the people to leave quietly, and not to be frightened, as there was no danger. They, however, hastened into the street, when they discovered that the roof of the chapel was on fire. The heat from the furnace had fired the bond timbers, and the flames extended from them to the roof. No one was aware of the building being on fire, until the children in the upper gal- lery saw the sparks falling from the roof. Patriot of Monday. THE BISHOP OF EXETER AND THE SISTERS OF MERCY.— The Dcvonport Telegraph says that seven magistrates, the Rev. J. Hatchard, Admirals R. Thomas and J. Pasco, Col. Dunster- ville, and several of the most influential inhabitants of Ply- mouth and Devonport, have signed a memorial which com- mences We, the undersigned, having been present during the inquiry held by the Lord Bishop of the diocese on the statements contained in the Devonport Telegraph of the 10th inst., respecting the Sisters of Mercy at ilorice Town, do hereby testify and declare, that whilst all the material facts al- leged in the statements were, we believe, proved, the inquiry, as conducted by the bishop, was partial, unfair, and ill calcu- lated to command public respect." THE METROPOLITAN POLICE Fotcr,i return obtained on the motion of Mr. Lushington, M.P., shows that the total strength of the police force in the 18 metropolitan police dis- tricts D amounts to 5,513, the population of the said districts being 2,336,960. The force includes 1 inspecting-superinten- dent, 18 superintendents, 125 inspectors, 588 sergeants,. 1,272 first-class constables, 2,346 second-class constables, and 1,163 third-class constables. The inspecting-superintendent receives a salary of £600, the superintendents from D32 to £200. the iuspcotoio from £ £ 100 t.j i3i 13s., lln" sergeants from Elis o. to JE63 lis., and the constables from £81 lis. to £ 44 4s. per annum. The allowances consist of clothing and coals, the lat- ter in the following pro-portion :—To each married man 401b. a-week during the whole year, to each single man 40 lb. a-wupk during six months of the year, and 20 lb. a week for the re- mainder of the year. IMPORTANT INVENTION FOR STOPPING STEAM ENGINES.—A ,) r, i Bedford correspondent says, On Wednesday last, through the kindness of Messrs. Smith and Booth, manufacturers, Southgate, we had an opportunity of witnessing on their pre- mises the working of a simple piece of machinery by means of a steam engine of power was stopped almost •i11 t mfruu ou lv i to one end of a spinning- leOiti vvtien the' nium*1. < the whole mill was in full opera- "tio'i, w ithe;gte \m-en^ine at full speed, when a valve was -I- opened wh|fifis^Ufl||fcd tne atmospheric air, which instantly choked g^jsplP of the engine, shut off the throttle and water valves-, ■incP'Hpened the blow valves. The instant this was done the fly-wheel only made one revolution and a quar- ter. In the ordinary manner of stopping the engine the fly- wheel makes five revolutions before it can be brought to a stand. So complete is this simple piece of mechanism that al- though the whole machinery throughout the mill is stopped so suddenly, not a single thread is broken, but all remains ready for resuming work when the engine is again set in motion. This piece of machinery, which we may term a safety-valve, may be placed in any room of the mill, or on any part of the premises, or even off the premises, and by the means of pipes it can be made to have the same effect as if within a yard of the engine itself, so that if an accident happens, such as an over- looker or other person being caught with one of the mill straps, and drawn up to go round the shaft, by using this ot- •stopping thG engine, before he could by any possibility come into contact with the shaft, the whole machinery would be brought to a stand-still, and his life saved. This wonderful and useful discovery is the invention of James Mills, of Horton the engine-tenter at the mill at which it is now in operation, 'and reflects the highest credit on his ingenuity as a hard-working mechanic. A patent was sealed for it on Monday, the 12th hist., in the names of Mr. G. E. Donisthorpe and James Mills, Mr. Donisthorpe carrying the invention out more fully, viz., to high pressure engines, water-wheels, &c. The expense of fixing the machinery in connexion with the invention in manufactories will be about 10s. each horse powi r.-— Times. 1 INCREASE OF THE ARMY.—A return obtained by Mr. Hume shows that the total number of commissioned and non-com- missioned officers of all ranks amounted in IS 17 to 139,816. against 121,134 in 1840; 101,014 in 1835 and 109,014 in 1829 thus exhibiting an increase of 30,323 in the space of 19 years. The forces were thus divided in 1847 --it) India, 1,588 officers, 2,40o non-commissioned officers and 29,370 privates, corno- rals, "and farriers in the colonies, 407 officers, 651 non-com- missioned officers, and 8,232 privates, corporals, and farriers; and in the land forces (exclusive of the above), 4,018 officers'. 6,973 non-commissioned officers, and 86.090 privates, corporals,' and farriers. The Indian forces have'been increased since lbi), from 84.122 to 9/,081.; the colonial corps, from 3,495 to 0.35O; and the land forces, from 84,122 to 87,081. The total number of men garrison (men and officers) in the various colo- nies and foreign dependencies, amounted on the 1st of January, 1817, to 44,278, and to 32,832 in the East Indies (total 77,110), against a total of 70,621 in January 1840, 53,034 in January 1835, and.62,710 in January 1829. The effective force (includ- ing all employed in Great Britain alone amounted, in January 18-17, to 30,790 in January 1840, to 29,799 in Janu- ary 1835 to 23,550; and in January 1829, to 22,556. The number of troops employed on the" public scrvico," exclusive of India, amounted in Januiry 1847, to 103,0SS; in Januarv 1840,'to 88,961 in January 1835, to 80,957 and in J 1829, to 8-5,140. The effective force employed in Ireland w .s, in January ISH, 28,020; in January 1840, 16,480; in January 18-Jo,.21,451 ;• and in January 1829, 24.601. The return show's an increase of numbers in all the branches of the "public ser- vic e. —All advice is lost upon the Saxon, but show him a meJioa superior to his own give him but a hint of the supe- nouty existing somewhere, and nowhere on the earth will be found a person so ready to adopt the new method', so admira- bly aetive and skilful in applying the discoveries of other races to Ins own pecuniary advantage. Incentive genius he has not, is ill his own. Accumulatir-e desires haunt hun everywhere; in Ilollaud, England, America.—Dr. Knox (Medical Times.)
LOSS OF LIVES IN MINES.
LOSS OF LIVES IN MINES. TO THE EDITOR OF THE PRINCIPALITY. SIR,- The recent lamentable colliery accidents have sug- gested to my mind a mode whereby similar casualties may be materially prevented. From experiments just made with the Gutta Percha tubing, I find that its power of conducting sound is so extraordinary that a conversation may be distinctly carried on at the distance of even three quarters of a mile. If, therefore, this tubing be carried down the shaft to the various workings of the mine, and the extremities furnished with a mouthpiece and whistle, an instant communication in case of danger may be made be- tween every part of the mine and the men at the mouth of the shaft. Feeling that we enjoy many comforts which are purchased at great risk to the p )or miner, and that it is our duty to pro- tect him as far as we can, I shall be glad if you will give pub- licity to this in your paper. Yours obediently, 7, Baches-terrace, City-road, T. B. SMITilERS. London, 19th Feb., 1849.
GOLD TOWN.-A VISION.
GOLD TOWN.-A VISION. TO THE EDITOR OF THE PRINCIPALITY. SIR,-An immense town lay before m?. It was in a land of mountains, and nearly surrounded with hills. Vast it was and widely scattered. Nature had been lavish in enriching the spot on which it stood, and various m Ignines of her hidden trea- sures, which produced, year by year, untold riches, within and around the place. For this reason. Mammon had chosen it, as I learnt, and called it after his own name. But its aspect within was marvellous in my eyes, so that my soul was confounded to behold it. I thought GOLD TOWN should have been a city of more than eastern splendour,* of more than Parisian gaiety. But how great was my disappointment; for as I wan- dered through it, no golden domes, or minarets from which the midday sun might flish forth his ten thousand beams, arose before my gaze. No marble halls or stately mansions were there. Lowly, narrow, and confined, and, for the most part, mean, without ornament, and without order, were its crowded abodes. There were no bowers of ease, or gardens of pleasure, or monuments of the brave and beautiful. It contained no galleries of art, no museums of science, not a single golden street peered through surrounding meanness, nor one golden arcade opened its spacious portals to the strolling crowd. Far different indeed was its aspect. The streets, for the most part, were irregular and narrow, mr were they paved with the com- monest flag-stones; and the confined causeways, on which two could scarcely walk together, were in eyeryl street broken, and seemed to threaten to let me down into a gulph underneath. Some of the streets I could by no means cross. They had neither drain nor sewer, and the mud was ankle-deep. At night the streets were dark, save where a solitary ray shot from a neighbouring window, or strayed from a desolate lamp, here and there distributed in the way. Such was the general cha- racter of Gold Town. Wonder followed upon w mder as I be- held it. I was, after some time, led into a council-chamber, where sat many of the chief men in solemn consultation. While I remained, the following speech fell from the lips oe one present, who seemed a man of great iniluence in the place his words were these Let us seek our own good from ourselves, and from our own live to ourselves." Ah methought, this explaineth all." This solved the problem of Gold Town's miserable state. Although a town in which gold abounded, could I any more wonder at all its ? Now I learnt that ail they strove for was to get gold-to lvvrp it up for themselves. And every action, and every habit of their lives re-echoed those words of Mammon in the Pandemonian council :— "Let u< seek 0, own good from ourselves, and from our own Live to ourselves."—PAR. LOST., B. I. The men of Gold Town had no time for care no taste for no heed of others' good. They could abide in me- n dwellings, they heeded not the uncleansecl streets, breeding pestilence and death, and they could content themselves with mean minds too if they only succeeded in getting GOLD. Respect, and influence, and preferment -w,rc given to those who had most gold. The richest of the inhabitants were made priests and oracles of mammon. All were striving to attain the lofty pre-eminence, and many were ruined in the attempt, Some there were, for instance, who obtained a legal license to sell a pernicious, besotting, maddening drug, which turned men into beings more stupid than the dullest brutes, and more ferocious than the fiercest. In the houses where this trade was c mducted (and it was vastly successful in Gold town), health, reason, religion, the wife's happiness, an I, the children's broad were bartered. But those who frequented these haunts of pollution and poverty, it distressed me to behold. Although want stared them in the face, and filth and squalor were th >ir portion, who might have been in comfort and although I heard afar the flapping of ominous wings and the unearthly screams of ominous voices—the cho'era was coming—they still went on. Had labour was the lot of the majority, and they had to pay the strength of their bodies with sleepless nights, and rides of countless accidents for—Gold. But this class, like their bro- 8 '2" 4 ther gold-diggers of Peru, were mostly in poverty. Th«y enriched others, themselves unenriehed. And woman, too, sacred, retired woman, mingled in the struggle for gold. I saw woman foil and labour-—they bore the rude contact of heartless men-they brooked their ruffian insult-they uttered the horrid oath, and laughed to do it in their eagerness for gold. I beheld many other wonderful things; but most of all, men who called themselves by sacred nimes, who claimed aVacred mission, and assumed extraordinary revelations. But even they thought nathless of gold and their dreams, and speeches, and hopes were of a land of gold to end their days Paradise of Mammon There were in ieed in Gold Town true teachers; there were temples and warning voices, and many listened, but many listened not; a few obeyed—a few were saved. Now, as I was awaking from my dream in dreadful astonishment and confusion, i heard a mighty voice cry over the eitv, "The idols he shill utterly abolish Gold Town, where the scat of Mammon is, thy doom is sealed—thy day is fast approaching a fiery sword quivers over thee and thou, like Petra and Palmyra, Babylon and ancient Rome, shalt f.dl down, nndshalt no more be found Vf ATOIt.
REVIEWS OF THE " PRINCIPALITY.''
REVIEWS OF THE PRINCIPALITY. TO THE EDITOR OP TIIE PUIN-CIPALTTY. SIR, —slaving read with great interest your "Reviews of Welsh Iliterature" (and I can assure you, sir, that thev have interested many besides myself), perhaps you will consider it impertinent in me to intreat you to give us a Welsh transla- tion of them. I am sure that the Cymro would be very much delighted, as well as instructed, by them; and no doubt your regard for his welfare, and love of his language, will prompt you to do anything in your power that tends to his well being, either matcrlallyor mentally. Ccmld we not have a., of your interesting articles, translated into vvelsh, published in a separate form? Hoping you will consider the subject, you,- GWILIM PRYS. [We are glad to find that our efforts to interest and h:s ruct our readers have met the approbatim) of our friend. The '• Re- views are the result of much labour and expense. Nothing would gratify us more than to fia.d them extensively read and appreciated. We should not, however, he j'lstitied in giving Welsh lramdatioll uf tlwm in the PRINCIPALITY. The origind intention of the paper, and our respect for the vented interest of the Welsli periodicals (some of whom, we understand, are al- ready suspecting that the PitiNC:TALITV has been the means of depriving them of some subscribers—which is wrong) preveat it. We should have no objection to publish them in a separate form, provided" e are remunerated for the trouble and expense attending it. ED. P.]
THE RATE OF WAGES iT THE IRON…
THE RATE OF WAGES iT THE IRON WORKS. TO Tll'z', 0 w me to ask, through the medium of your paper. 1st. What is the reason of the present reduction in wage. when trade revives, and the price of iron is advancing? 2nd. What is the reason tnat the rate of wages is lower now than it was in the years 1812 and'43, when the price of iron was £ •> 17s. 6d. to £ 1, and, in some instances, £ 3 16s., Qa, per ton ? 3rd. What is the reason that, in addition to the above?, y.:u must take about 3s. in the pound, by means of the truck system ? If we are poor workmen, we have got feelings like other men, and the same blood runs through our veins. We only wi di that which is fair, just, and reasonable, between the workmen and master. Perhaps one of these gentlemen will consent to answer the above questions. I am. sir, vour mo-1 obedient servant, Ebbw Vale, Feb. 11, 1849. HEN BWDLER.