Skip to main content
Hide Articles List

8 articles on this Page






^jrrcultute. We are desirous of bringing under the notice of our readers the advantages which all interested in land will obtain in the improvement of estates by means of an Act of the pre- sent Parliament (11 and 12 Vic.), just passed, which incor- porates the Landowners' West of England and South Wales Land Drainage and Inclosure Company," the office of which is at Exeter. By the abave Act great and hitherto unknown facilities are granted, by which owners of limited interests in land can charge the inheritance with the expense of all sorts of permanent improvements effected by the above Company, when duly sanctioned by the Inclosure Commissioners; im- provements, such as drainage, irrigation, warping, embank- ment, reclamation, inclosure, buildings, roads, bridges, fences, machinery, brick and tile yards, mills, &c. This Act greatly facilitates the borrowing of money for these purposes, by making the charge on the property take precedence ot all other mortgages and incumbrances whatsoever, excepting the tithe rent charge. The machinery, employed to secure the segreat advantages is cheap and simple, being only a contract with the West of England and South Wales Improvement. Company for the execution of the necessary works, which contract, when sanctioned by the Inclosure Commissioners, is a sufficient legal security to the party advancing the money, and enables the person making such contract to charge the inheritance with the repayment of such loan, without the examination of title deeds, or the intervention of the Court of Chancery. Money may also be obtained from the Commissioners of the Treasury. To secure the effectual execution of works of landed im- provement, this Company is invested with the power of purchasing or renting land; and also of carrying an outfall Z, z5 "3 for drainage water from any estate on which they arc em- ployed through any adjacent land, on paying proper com- pensation. Wilen the execution of the works contracted for by the Company on any lands has been duly certified, the Company has thenceforth a lien on the lands s S improved by their means, which has a priority over every other charge or incumbrance (excepting tithe rent charge), and they may enter and receive the rents till their claim, together with interest, is satisfied. Such is a sketch of the means now, for the first time, placed within the reach of landed propri- etors of improving the present value of their properties, without (in the ease of merely life owners) running the risk of having to pay for benefits which may be reaped only by their successors. The public loan for drainage was, it will be remembered, limited in amount, and applicable to that one improvement only, whereas the Company's opera- tions may extend to all sorts of permanent improvements. Of course the details of the Company's Act, and the provi- sions contained in it for protecting the interests of rever- sioners and remainder men, cannot be given here, but must be sought in the Act itself, or by application to the Secretary of the Cotnpaiiy at Exeter. We will only add that the Company are not likely to allow their Act to remain a dead letter, having been already for some years in active operation with a paid up capital (though hitherto only as a private Association and limited to draining), and being provided with a staff of surveyors and skilful workmen, with some tileries erected, &c., all im- mediately available to carry out efficiently any works, how- ever extensive, which may be intrusted to them. Thus those landlords who regret their want of promptitude in allowing the Government loan for drainage to be caught up by proprietors beyond the Tweed, to the exclusion of them- selves, will now have the opportunity of repairing the back- wardness then shown in availing themselves of that boon. We hope that companies connected with other districts of the country may arise to claim from another Parliament powers equally extensive with those to which we have alluded, so that the whole island may have the advantages which that portion of it moreimmediately in connexion with -the West of England" Company how has placed within its .reach.-Agricultai-al Gazette. KITCHEN GARDEN AND ORCHAUD.—The clearance of weeds, which we presume are abundant everywhere this reason, should be regularly pursued. The forward spinach beds will presently want thinning, and to the various suc- cessions of turnips and horn carrots similar attention should be given. The rapid spread and extreme virulence of the potato disease will cause an additional value to be placed on all edible garden stuff. The winter greens should be looked over, and where it is found necessary they may be earthed up, by way of protection against the weather. Spare cab- bage plants should not be cast away, but distributed to the cottagers, whose losses by the failure of the potato crop will be considerable. Let asparagus beds be kept free from weeds, and a sufficient supply of seeds saved for the annual sowing. COTTAGERS' GARDENS.—In many instances the haulm has been left on the potatoes with the hope of their recovery in some cases the appearance of the stem and leaves en- couraged the belief that it would, as last year, overcome the attack; unhappily but few instances of the kind arc pre- sented this season, so the sooner the rotten stems are Removed the better. On stiff land a slight examination will show the necessity of the early adoption of this plan; the wet and boisterous weather lately has, by swaying the po- tato stalk about, formed holes around them, which of course will readily conduct the water to the tubers, whose only chance of preservation exists in escape from excessive moisture. The plan we rec mimen 1 has, in many instances, been found beneficial; if the ridges are slightly raised and the soil closely pressed over the potatoes, an additional ad- vantage would be offered. As soon as the last crop of peas and beans is cleared off, give a slight dressing of manure to Z, the land and plant cole worts. If a so wi ng of winter onions has been previously omitted, lose no time in forming a bed, otherwise at a later period endeavour to obtain plants when the neighbouring gardeners are thinning their beds Hoe and thin turnip quarters; no cottager should be without a supply of this useful vegetable. Collect and dry herbs, such as marjoram, sage, mint, and thyme, for ultimate use in the kitchen. At this moment, when so many succulent weeds are ut hand, the manure heap should receive frequent addi- tions. On no account destroy French beans or runners because too old to be employed in the customary manner; the 'ed bean itself is most palatable boiled and served with a little butter and salt.- Gardener's Chronicle.


1Jarí£tics. ,-—+