THE ROTATORY PARLIAMENTS. The Duke of Leinster has addressed the following letter to his brother:— 1010 London, 6, Carltonhouse-terraee, Sept. I, 1848. "My dearest William,—I have received your circular letter of the 23rd of August and the enclosures, and have no hesitation in .,Etatiiig I am opposed to the plan you propose of having periodical sittings of the imperial Parliament in Ireland. I will not enter into my reasons, as they are so well expressed in an article on the subject in the Dublin Evening Post of 1 ues- day, the 29th of August, and in a letter that I have seen addressed to you by Mr. Arthur L. 0. Guinness, of the 30th of August. "Yours ever affectionately, LEINSTER. The Lord William Fitzgerald." i FATAL ACCIDENT.We regret to announce the death, by drowning of Mr. F. Goold, barrister, eldest son of the late Master Goold, which melancholy event occurred on Thurs- day last, on the coast of Sligo. Mr. Goold, and his brother 1 Robert, were on a visit with Sir R. G. Booth, and on Thurso day morning went out in a boat on the Atlantic to shoot. 3eals. Ill the course of the forenoon a heavy squall came on, ..which upset the boat; the elder brother was drowned; the second was brought to shore in such a state-of exhaustion that he LEd not regain consciousness for upwards of two hours.
THE FUGITIVE INSURGENTS. DUBLIN, SUNDAY. The police authorities in Dublin and in the south are of opinion that Mr. R. O'Gorman and others of the insurgent leaders, whose arrival in France has been reported, are still fugitives from justice in this country. During the last week the search after Messrs. O'Gorijian and Doheny has been more active than before. It is quite certain that Mr. Frauds Morgan, solicitor of the .corporation of DLibliil, against whom a warrant was issued, is now in Paris, from whence he has ,sent over a communication to the corporation, suggesting that the office should be held vacant until circumstances shall enable-hien toirelurii to Ire- land. Mr. Morgan's letter will be submitted to the town .council on Tuesday next. It is considered certain, also, that Mr. John Dillon, barris- ter, for whose arrest orr a charge of high treason a reward of X300 has been offered, has escaped out cf the country; but the belief amongst the police functionaries is, that the other .ftigitive leaders, as, well as the most of the minor parties, against whom warrants have been issued, are still lurking about the counties of Limerick, Kerry, Clare, or Tipperary.
SINGULAR CIH,CUMSTANCE.—A few days ago, the following circumstance took place at Cwm Amman A cottager there possessed a little hen and chickens whilst they were sauntering about, a huge hawk espied the chickens, and pounced on one of them. The hen perceiving the destroyer, immediately ran to the assistance of her offsprings and succeeded in retaining her hold of the hawk until the cottager's attention waS attracted Ao the spot, when the bird was secured.. He is now in durance vile," and is considered a fine specimen of tlie tril: -A Swansea Contemporary. THE FORGERT ON MESSRS. HENRY AND Co.—On Wednesday, the 27th of March last, a cheque for E3,150, beariiig the signa- ture of Messrs. Henry and Co., was presented at the Branch Bank of England, in Manchester, by a man named' Francis M'Naughten, and hi in- obtained the money, and ..offered three £ 500 notes to be cl ii I at Messrs, Hc.ywood s bank, his youth (not being of age) excited suspicion, and he: was told to call again, and then, if all was found to be right, themouey would be M Xaughten, however, did not return, but in compallywith two friends, John Pownall and Hugh £ ;racly, iinniediately proceeded to Liverpool. Pownall- was soon afterwards appreüerdsc¡, but on. giving a satisfactory account of liis connexion with M'Naughteh, he was discharged. The other two. were not heard of in spite of all the vigorous' efforts to discover them by the police, both.in tliis couati-y and. America, until Sunday morning last, when Mr. Beswick re- ceived a letter from St; John's, the capital of Ne'wfoui,idlancl, stating that the prisoners were in custody for presenting one •of- the stolen notes (the numbers having been published) at the bank there on the 1st August, The prisoners had taken the aames of William Philip O'Kelly and Thomas Bradshaw. it is xpected tlntone oi the Manchester detective force will be dis- patched as sooi, possible, for the purpose of bringing the, prisoners to Eag:12,lld.=-,J:fanohèstm: Times. RULES FOJI NEWSPAPER CORRESPONDENTS, Never write on both sides of a sheet selit to a newspaper. Your copy must often be cut into many pieces, and a sheet written on both eides is a plague and a sorrow, often delaying the article or the -paper.—2. Always keep a copy" of your article, unless it be .v wery long.. It will be apt to get lost or mislaid among, the haystack of an .editor's manuscripts if not used, immediately, and it is better and safer fet on to keep a copy than to rely on the edItor to return the ori.g:illa1.-3. Never send an article to an editor unfinished. Whon he hears or reads that you have, scrawled it off-hastily, left it full of imperfections, &c., he men- tally resolves to put it quietly in the fire the moment your are out of the Way.—4.N^ver carry in an article other than air advertisement, and dcmanl tlut the editor read it at once, and say whether he will publish it or hot. He cannot always spare time at that ffiomont,and he does not, at any rate, want tJ tell yon that you are incapable of handling your subject, sho-ild such be the fact. But send in your manuscript, and -give him a reasonable time to consider it.p. Never fall into the sei-Lou 4 mistake of imagining that, because a man writes a jsorry hand himself, he is partial to that sort of chirography., Remember he is always writing, and generally-at hand to cor- rectany error in his prc)ofi. Nvliile you will not be. Writei plainly, if possible; write decipherably any how, or don't write at all. THE COINAGE.—Returns moved for by Mr. J. Brotherton, the member for Salford, and ordered by the House of Commons to be printed on the 7th instant, show that the gross value of the gold.coinage during the year 1,847 amounted to £ 90,029,763, including 16,119 double sovereigns, value £ 32,240; 81,711,149 sovereigns, value £ 81,711,160; and 16,572,717 half-sovereigns, value £ 8,286,363. The silver coinage included 2,319,561 | crawnpieces, value £ 579,890; 38,560,098half-crown,pieces, value £ 4,82u,012 119,508,840 shillings, value £ 5,975,442 76,017,875 sixpenny pieces,value £ .1,900,446 .16,575,200 groats, value £ 276,216 88,209 fourpenny pieces, value £ l,470 1,463,30.8 threepenny pieces, value £ ll>,291 121,308 twopenny pieces,, value £ 1,010: and 271,920 penny pieces, value £ 1,133. The gross total value of the silver coinage during the year amounted to £ 13,573,906. The total value of the copper coinage during the year amounted to £.243,05; including -24,299,520 penny pieces,, value £ 97,493; 81,379,520 half-penny pieces, value 1:69,776; 66,293,832 farthings, value 67,059 and 12,902,400 half-farthings, value £ 6,720. SEPARATION OF CHURCH, AND STATE.—Happy and incon- testible necessity of an epoch where the PQerbelongs to -all, and not to some. Incontestible, for under a free and ^universal. government, a worship cannot be exclusive and .privileged; happy, because religion has force, and beauty, and virtue, only, in conscience; it is beautiful, it is pure, it is holy, only betvyeen man and his God. Between the faith and the priest, between, the priest and the faithful, nothing is wanted; if the stater z, interposes between man and that diviner^y which he should, seek only iii heaven, it obscures or alters it; religion then becomes soinothii, palpable and material for man, thrown -,to or withheld from him, at the caprice of tyrannies it partakes of the love or the hate which human power inspires, varyirg or c e falling with it; it is the saCred fire of the altar, kept up with the corruptions of courts, and the impurities of public jjlaccs it is the word of life in a dead mouth buying and selling in the si 1-1 temple. This system makes hypocrites when the Stat", is. Christian, unbelievers wheii it. is' sceptical, atheists i i m utjrs I wliea it is persecuting.—M. dc Lamartine's PQIMJ OJ REASON, J
HOW TO GET OUT OF A FIX. The, extravagance of England has put the country in a fix. Here are a few hints as to how to get out. They are extracts from a repoft recently issued by the Liverpool Financial Re- form Association The Financial Reform Association of Liverpool, in pursu- ance of their calling, proceed to bring before the especial and immediate notice of her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen, the Government, and the two Houses of Parliament, the neces- sity, founded on the broad basis of right, for a vigorous' at- tempt-to convert the present deficiency in the national revenue into ah "annual surplus. For the attainment of this vital ob- ject, economy and-retrenchment, as the means to the end, for- cibly present themselves. The, Financial Reform Association are convinced that,'to be thoroughly effectual, and the example to be very generally followed, curtailment of èxpenditure hould originate in high, quarters, and accordingly they now. submit the limit within which the cost of Royalty should, in their opinion, be confined.
SECTION I. Present allowance to the Sovereign E385,000 Proposed to be reduced to £ 200;000 Thereafter, to her Majesty's successor £ 150,000 I Thereafter, to her Majesty's successor. £160,000 The Financial Reform Association, finding no details in the Parliamentary estimate of the objects comprehended in the above large item, have felt some difficulty in coming to a cor- rect opinion as to what sum may be fairly or reasonably re- quired but, as this part of -the Civil List is generally under- stood to include little beyond the household and personal expenses of her Majesty, there seems no reason to doubt that the sum proposed will be ample for albsuch, purposes, and her Majesty's personal comfort be much increased by the reduc- tion." In Section II. the Association declare it their duty most earnestly to protest against all allowances to foreign potentates out of the national revenues, maintaining that payments of this kind directly violate the clearest principles of right and policy. It is not just to tax the inhabitants of one nation for the sup- port of the Government, or any part of the Government, of an- other. Nor is it politic to place any portion of our national fai-ids at the. disposal of a foreign ruler, since it may at any time be his interest (or possibly even his duty towards the state which he governs) to use such moneys to the detriment of this country. The policy of such grants has been defended on account of a supposed favourable influence at foreign Courts, which they may tend to establish. But it is most derogatory to the honour of the royal recipients, to imagine that they can be, either directly or indirectly, bribed to sacrifice the interests of the countries over which they rule; and it is. manifestly false and absurd to conceive that the mighty empire of Britain z, can only sustain her influence in the world by being guilty of corruption. It must be alike repugnant to the feelings of the inhabitants of the country receiving, and the country paying, these degrading allowances. •■•• Proposed Branches of the Royal Family. Present future allowance. allowance. H. R. H. the Duke of Cumberland, £ £ now King of Hanover 21,000 Nil. Prince of Saxe Coburg, now King oftheBelgians. 50,000 Nil. 'Princess Augusta of Cambridge, now Grand Duchess of Mecklen- burgh Strelitz 3,000 Nil. The Duke of Cambridge 27,000 15,000 The Duchess of Gloucester. 16,000 10,000 The Duchess of Kent 30,000 15,000 Prince Albert of Saxe Coburg and Gotha 30,000 20,000 H. M. Adelaide, theQn. Dowager 100,000 50,000 These amounts are independent of any sums which may be re- ceived from the secret service fund, the particulars of which are completely unknown to the public." The next subjects to which the Association will forthwith extend inquiry are the pension list, sinecures, and other offices that might be dis- pensed with by better arrangements.
AN ACT FOR REGULATING THE SALE OF BEER, &c., ON SUNDAY., 1. Whereas the provisions in force within the Metropolitan Police District, and in some other places in England, against the sale of fermented and distilled liquors in the morning of the Lord's day have been found to be attended with great be- r-efits be it enacted by the Queen's most excellent majesty, d with the advice and consent of the Lords spiritual and temporal, and Commons in this present Parliament assembled, by the authority of the same, that no licensed victualler, or person licensed to sell beer by retail to be drunk on the pre- mises or not to be drunk on the premisesorotherperson; in any part of Great Britain shall open his house for the sale of wine, spirits, beer,, or other fermented or distilled liquors, or sell the same, on Sunday, before half-past twelve o'clock in the afternoon, or, where the morning divine, service in-the church, chapel, kirk, or principal place of worship of the parish or place shall not usually terminate by that time, before the termination of such service, and that-no licensed victualler or other person in England shall open his house for the sale of wine, spirits, beer, or other fermented or distilled liquors, or -sell the^ same, on Christmas day or Good Friday, or any day appointed for a public-fast or thanksgiving,, before the respec- tive times aforesaid, except, in all the cases aforesaid, as re- freshment for travellers provided always, that no thing, herein contained shall authorise the opening of any house for the sale of wine, spirits, beer,, or other fermented or distilled liquors within the Metropolitan Police District, or any city, town, or place, at an earlier hour or time than is now allowed by law, where the opening of such house or such sale is now especially prohibited before any later hour or time than that hereinbefore mentioned. 2. And be it enacted, that so much of an act passed in the fourth year of her present Majesty, intituled An Act to amend the Acts relating to the .general beer and cider by. retail in England," as provides that no person licensed to sell beer or cider by retail as therein mentioned should liave or keep his house open for the sale of beer or cider, nor should sell or retail beer or cider nor should suffer any beer or cider to be drunk or consumed in or at such house, at any hour before ,one o'clock in the afternoon on Sunday, Good Friday, Christmas day, or: anv day appointed for a public fast or thanksgiving, shall, without prejudice to any pending proceeding for breach of such enactment, be repealed. 3.Ancl be it enacted, that it shall not be lawful for any -li- censed victualler, or person licensed to sell beer by retail to be drunk on the premises or not to be drunk on the premises, .or any person licensed to sell any fermented or distilled liquors, or any person who by reason of the freedom of the mystery or craft of vintners of the.city of London or any right or privilege, shall claim to be entitled to sell wine by retail to be drunk or consumed .on the premises, to open his house for the sale of any other articles whatsoever within the respective times ing which the sale of wine, Spirits, beer, or other fermented or distilled liquors is hereinbefore prohibited, except as refresh- rnent for travellers. 4. And be it enacted, that no person shall open any house or place of public resort for the sale of. fermented or distilled liquors, or sell therein such liquors, in England or Scotland, before the hour of half-past twelve of the clock in.the after- noon, orwheretl1.e morning divine service in the church, cha- pel, kirk, or principal place of .worship shall not usually termi- nate by ,hat ti-ine, before the time of the termination of such service on Sunday, ,or in England before the. like hour on Christmas or Good Friday, or any day appointed for a public'fast or thanksgiving, except as refreshment for travel- lers. lers.. :■ 4. And bevit enacted, that,it'shall beTa\vful for any coiista- ble at any time to enter into any house or place of public resort for the sale of wine, spirits, or other fermented,.or distilled,li- I qual's; and every person .who ..shall refuse to,adi-ait or shall not admit such constable into such house or place shall be deemed guilty of an offence against this act. 6. And be it enacted, that every. person -offending against this act shall be liable, upon a summary, conviction for the same before any justice of the peace for the county, riding, division,liberty, city, boroughs or place .where the offence shall' be. committed, or in Scotland before any justice of the peace or pheriff.or magistrate having jurisdiction .m the place where the offence shall be committed, t,o a penalty not exceeding C5 for every such offence; and every separate .sale shall be deemed a separate offence. 7. And be it enacted, that; this act may be repealed or amended in this present session pf Parliament.
;'THEHAITB-KI'TIRNG AGT.—ALTEKATIOX IN TIIE GAM.ET.LAWS. -—The loading provision of the'act of parliament just passed, and. which is now in force, for modifying the gaine laws as re- gards the killing of hares, is that awnasor occupiers' of land may kill liares Qn such land without being copipellad to take 't a cerii' eve out a game certificate, and they may authorise, under- certain conditions, other parties to kill hares on their land, such au- thority being in writing and registered with the ,cler to the magistrates;- ba^tenants, under engagements with their land- lords not to- kill game, are not .released from those /epg^ge- nients b'y thij aat of pa'>'L^ncnt.
MURDERING BY LAW! (COMPOSED FOR THE PLUNCIPALITY.) LET gallows gape for dogs-let man, go free," Let abrogation prune our criminal code, Let every Shylock disappointed be,- To aiiswerjustice, let's divert the road. Thisanciellt, cruel, rude, and barbarous law,— Relic of feudal tyrants—savage race— Has a malignant tendency to draw A veil o'er Britain's glad and glorious face. The murderer murdered is a solemn scene- Why prematurely thus hurl'd to his tomb ? Religion shudders—whilst a crowd obscene Laugh at their fellow-mortal's awful doom. Humanity.weeps, and would stretch forth a hand To save the man from death—perhaps from hell But, no-stern law cries, honour my command And vulgar, cruel tongues, shout, that is well. True, he is guilty of a murderous deed, The most atrocious seen in any land; His mad propensities were allowed to feed On foul revenge, till blood hath stain'd his hand- Man's blo.od !-and now that gory visage grim Haunts him for aye, and infamy brands his name; But,. Britain, know the fact, by murdering him, Thou too art haunted—branded just the same. Listen, oh Britain! are thy actions right ? Do they not rather lessen thy renown Do deeds: too barbarous even for the night, Reflect a ray of glory on thy crown ? Peace to thy crown-but take not life away, The image of God stamps that unhappy soul, Which thou art hurling, ere its destin'd day, To his unchangeable and eternal goal. Why is that crowd convened ? there you can see No feeling, friendly, charitable heart; The thief, the murderer, and the debauchee Are jostling there—can these some good impart ? Riot and mirth have brought their votaries there, Now they'll repent—now they will kiss the rod,— Oh, no I their iron hearts seem full of cheer, They hiss the culprit, and blaspheme their GOD In this can justice retribution find ? Does this morality and virtue preach? Can this exalt and cleanse the human mind, And can such horrors love and mercy teach ? They never can—experience proves this truth, The human heart yields not to such a key Then be it the mingling voice of age and-youth, Let gallows gape for dogs—let man go free." J. E. J.
ITadett£s. II To be born a king is a matter of chance never forget that you are man;" said the late great King of Prussia tc his nephew in his will. A sentiment that did him more honour than all his victories. IT is a curious fact," says the Medical Times, "that the In most carnivorous quadrupeds are more averse to devouring women than men.Yet women are described as the tender sex. THE SCHOOLMASTER ABROAD.— In a conspicuous part of the town not one hundred miles from Meithyr, is the following announcement for the benefit and instruction of readers.— ".NLotis-all dogs or any other, kind of foul found Trespasing on these Premises, will be killed by order of Cecil Morris." -COINOXDENEES.—-Mr. Smith O'Brien was tried in Dublin on the 15th. of May, the anniversary of O'Connell's death; was arrested on the 5th of August, the anniversary of his burial; and committed to prison on the 6th of August, the anniversary of his bir th, WIIAT the estimate for Ireland will be next year," says the Times, Heaven only knows. There will be the lawyer's bill for going to law with her; and the soldier's bill for accepting her challenge to fight her; and thenlast and largest of all the bill for feeding her in the hour of famine! Strange heterogeneous mixture of accounts THE Nonconformist says of Lord J. Russell and theRegium Donum: He gives—not much it is true -but just enough to enable him to tax the three denominations with living on State charity—just enough to give. him. a plausible justification' for exclaiming with Ti.,iioii- There pack there's gold, ye came for gold, ye slaves A FACT WORTHY/OF RECOLLECTION.—Our annual taxation amounts to more than one half of allthewages of labour- whilst we squander on our naval and military forces a sum more than equivalent to the value of one-third of all our exportable products.. No. wonder that wretchedness peoples our streets, and throngs our workhouses.—-Manchester Times. -•AMERICAN OPINION OF THE WHIGS.—For the life of me I cannot divine what the British ministry are doing, and I have met with nobody who knows. Any other men but the Whigs would ha.ve died of contempt long ago, but the-Whigs seem to z, live upon it. There is no more prospect of their going out through that, than of beetles being slain by bad smells.—■Cor- respondent of the- New, York Harbinger, MUTTON HAMS.—An importation of 92 barrels of mutton hams has taken place by a-vessel arrived from New York, in addition to nearly 20,000 bushels of corn, and a large general cargo of provisions, the production of the United States of America. These, mutton ha-oiis are, as maybe gathered from the term, the ham of the sheep, dried and preserved in a mode similar to that adopted with respect to hams of pork, and are a recently intro* duced article of importation from the United States. MARRIAGES AT CHURCH Am CHAPEL.—The eighth report of the Registrar-General that, in the year 1845, of 143,743 mar- riages, 129,515 were performed according to the rites of the Es- tablished Church, and 14,-228 not according to those rites; showing that a great number of the Dissenters still marry at church. Of the latter number there were 9,997 marriages in registered places of worship, 3,977 in superintendent registrars' offices,180 -marriages of Jews, and 74 of Quakers, year of the reports of the Registrar-General (1838) the number of marriages celebrated otherwise than at church was only 4,280 in the fifth year (.1841), it was 8,125 in the ninth year (18,15 j, it had increased to 12,228. THE ..MISTAKE OF A. NIGHT,—-A rural tailor, having visited Newcastle, and got tipsy, wandered about the Westgate at night, until he thought he must have reached home; so, putting off his clothes, he go into bed In the morning his garments were found, and taken to the police-station, where- they created, of course, a "little" sensation, the-officers of justice smelling a murder! But while they were in search of the '-body" in all quarters but the right One, it was found by a worthy woman by accident. She, hearing a, woful moaning in a pigstye, looked over the and saw among the pigs (oh! horror!) an all- bat nJved man.! The poor tailor, when he went to-bed drunk, for his bedfellows the sWine.—G.ates- t>t ul O' » ver. Fiois WORTH- KNOWIKG.—In, the raign of Edward I., gold v/ < iirs.t. coined, cannon used, turnpikes and-clocks introduced, ana the woollen manufacture first established;; Windsor Castle built, Trinity Sunday first observed, the first Speaker of the louse of Commons chosen, and the title (if Esqure. given to people of fortune. In the reign of Henry IV., the Azores ry and Cape de Verde Islands were discovered, the. Vatican li- brary founded, caps and jewels were first worn, and pumps invented, In Elizabeth's reign, stops were introduced in writ- ing, coaches and watches first cornmon in England, and criminals first sentenced to transportation. The reign of Charles II. produced fire-engines, buckles, gazettes, and a penny post. — Trades Weekly Messenger, < OFFICIAL RETURN RELATIVE, TO RAILWAY ACCIDENTS.—By an analysis of the returns made to the Commissioners of Rail- wijs, Jf 'ppp thit of the 90 persons killed and'99 injured, on all the rail ways openfor public traffic in Great Britain and Ire- the L L "j ear ending the 30th June, 1848, there were -6 passengers killed and 60 injured from causes beyond their own condut;5 passengers kilted, and 2 injured, owing to their own Inbcondut or want of caution 7 servants of companies or of contract -1 lie 1; and 14 injured, from causes beyond their own control; 52 servants of companies or of contractors killed, and 18 injured, owing to their own misconduct or want of caution; 18 trespassers and other persons, neither passengers nor ser- vanls, killed, and 5 injured, by improperly crossing Or standing on the railway; 1 person run over and killed at a crossing, through misconduct of an engine-driver 1 suicide-totnl 90. killed and 99 injured and for the same period the number- of passengers amounted to 28,330,492, THE PUBLIC TASTE CONSULTED.—In the use of many articles, traders are utterly careless as. to the quality of goods sent out. It is a fact which cannot be denied, that really good coffee, was not to be obtained by the people pf Great. Britain, while it was, a* noto- rious fact that the inhabitants of the continent could obtain1 it in its perfection. JOHN CASSELL, of Abchurch-laae,, London, how- ever, ii now sending o-ut coffees of the world's finest growths at moderate prices; and tils agents afford- eygry facility, for residents, i.n jwviucial cowus to obtain, them.
ELECTION INTELLIGENCE. CHELTENHAM, SATURDAY IN'IGHT.-I'he iiomiiiation of the candidates to fill the vacancy occasioned by the recent decision of the Parliamentary Committee declaring the last election for Cheltenham void, took place to-day. The candidates were Mr. Grenville C. Lennox Berkeley (in the Liberal interest), and Mr. Bickham Escott, formerly M.P. for on independent principles, being supported by the Conservative party, though avowedly a Whig.. A very large concourse of persons assembled on the ground, the number being computed at 8,600, but the proceedings were conducted peaceably, only being interrupted by an occasional fight in the crowd.. The usual question being put, the show of bands was declared to be in favour of Grenville Berkeley; whereupon a. poll was demanded on behalf of Mr. Escott, and appointed to 'commence at eight o'clock on Monday morning and cfose at four p.m. ,,s MONDAY EVENING.—The poll was opened this morning at eight o'clock, and closed at four. Mr. Berkeley took the lead at once, and, in sporting., phraseology, "maintained it to the winning post." The following was the state of thevpoll at the close:- The Hon. Grenville Lennox Berkeley.. 990 Mr. Escott 842' Gross majority for Mr. Berkeley.148 Mr. Escott's committee, however, make a very different re- sult. They have published during the day statements of the poll, showing a difference of 100 between their list and those published by Mr. Berkeley's committee, and make the gross majority of Mr. Berkeley about fifty only. The returning officer had not made his declaration when the last train left. There can be no doubt, however, about the return of Mr. Berkeley. DERBY.—The following were the numbers at the close of the 11011 Bass (Liberal). 957 Heyworth (Liberal) 914 Freshfield (Conservative) 775 Lord(Conservative). 753 LEICESTER.—-Mr. Paget having withdrawn after the nomina- tion on Friday, Messrs. R. Harris and J. Ellis were ie turned without opposition.
MANUFACTURE OF GAS FROM WATER.—We were much pleased with a descriptive lecture, at the Polytechnic Institu- tion, accompanied by a working model of a new hydro-carbon. gas apparatus, patented by Mr. Stephen White, for the manu- facture of gas from water or common tar, or resin, &c. The invention appears to be a very valuable one, and was ably explained in its various points by Dr. Ryan, the able coadjutor, of Mr. Isham Bags at this institution. The apparatus consists of three retorts placed in a stove, two of which are filled with charcoal and thin pieces of iron, and the other with iron chains hanging from a centre bar. The two first retorts are for the decomposition of water, which is regularly supplied by means of a syphon-pipe, passing through and into the centre of the retort; the water, in passing through the heated material, becomes converted into pure hydrogen and peroxide of carbon. It then passes into the third retort, to receive its dose of bi- carburet of hydrogen, which is prepared from common tar, resin, or similar substances, passing, or dropping, on the red- hot chain, from a syphon-tube, which regulates' its supply. This causes the tar, or melted resin, to throw off an abundance of bi-carburet of hydrogen gas. The gases being mixed in this manner, are immediately conveyed into the gasometer for use, without any purifying vessels whlttever, none being required. The great advantages arising from this invention appear to be, the Small, simple, and cheap apparatus required, and the beautiful, clear, and bright light produced, surpassing the coal gas also, its perfect purity, being free from nuisance in its manufacture, and, above all, so pure and innoxious, that it may be burnt in any private room, without the least ill effects or smoke resulting from it. The apparatus may be: used, and the gas made, in any private mansions, churches, or manufae- tories, and on any scale, from five to one thousand lights or more, as well as for cities and towns. As a sanitary measure it cannot be too highly appreciated, when we consider the thousands who inhale the poisonous fumes, consisting of sul- phuric acid, sulphurous acid gas, ammonia, &e., cnveri off by the ordinary coal gas, not only affecting the health of a mass of individuals, but injuring the goods of jewellers, silversmiths, and drapers, books, prints, pictures, furniture, and a variety of other articles. This gas can be made and supplied' at a price considerably less than that of. coal gas. Thus we see accom- plished the foretelling of that eminent chemist and philosopheiv the late Sir Humphrey Davy, that at some future time gas would be generated from water for general purposes, surpassing coal gas in brilliancy and purity." Journal. ADVANCING PROSPERITY OF CANADA.—The following state- ment, drawn up by J. Hume, Esq., M.P., will demonstrate the rapidity with which the most valuable and permanent species of wealth accumulates in Canada, ancUheextent to which the province is already able to consume and employ goods of vari- ous kinds sentfrom this country, and to pay for them bv its exports to Great Britain and its dependencies. That power will henceforth increase annually, at a rate greatly exceeding; that of former years, under the influence of a principle long recognised. An inquiry into the amount of the banking and mercantile capital employed in the trade4 shipping, and agri- culture of Canada, would strengthen and greatly extend these results. The rateable property in Upper Canada amounted in 1825 to £ 997,025 in 1840 to £ 5,691,477 in 1841 to £5,996,609; in 1812 to tG,375,140 in 1813 to £ 6,916,16.2; in 184-1, to E7,139,901, according to the assessment returns for the last three years. In the united province of Upper and Lower Canada the imports by sea from 1'833 to 1847 inclusive increased. On comparing a few of the more important articles of import by sea for the years 1846 and 1847 the following results are obtained —Against 313,076 gallons of wine imported in 1846, there are 229,595 gallons in 1847. In soirits of all kinds, exclusive of whiskey and East and West India rum, 159,547 gallons in 1S46 against 185,367 gallons in 1847. In molasses, 151,675 gallons against 385,450 gallons. In refined sugar, 895,046 lb. against 880,305 lb. In Muscovado and bas- tard sugars, 8,546,982 lb. against 8,719,099 lb. In coffee, 105,282 lb. against 201,144 lb. In tea, 603,038 lb. against 816,866 1b. In salt, 345,396 bushels (equal to 11,513 tons) against 87,880 bushels (equal to 2,929 tons). And in goods paying,ad valorem duties, sterling against sterling. On comparing the exports of 1846 with those of 1847, it will be seen that the exports of the agricultural staples of Canada exhibit a steady increase. For instance-, the export L of flour in 1846 was 555,602 barrels against 651,030 barrels in 1847. The export of wheat was 534,747 bushels in 1846 against 628,001 bushels in 1847. Tillt of oatmeal, 5,930 bar- rels against 21,999 barrels. That of 0;-its,- 46 bushels against. 1,65,805. bushels. And that of butter,, 786,701 lb. against 1,036,555 lb. Of ashes, however, and timber there was a falling off, but it was probably more thari Vompensated by an increased export inland,Standard of Freedom,
TWO SLIPS FOR SYMONS. SLIP I. Cunningness and deliberate injustice have always sooner of later carried/with them their own punishment?" The crafti- ness, of the late Commissioners could form no exception to the rule. The magistrates of justice seem to have already caught them, and that without the offer of a single reward for their apprehension. The wronged and calumniatecYhave long age raised up their cry against the outrage committed upon them. Some listened, many I I'lghed, and not a few scoffed at our protestations of innocency. Mr. Syrnons asserted and re- asserted his. charges f fat- a time he succeeded in keeping him- self from a complete fdl. No matter. The re-action of wrong is irresistible.. The waves of justice promise fairly to carry him Kycud the regions of esteei-n, and trustwormmess. 1 have two slips for him. 'l1'le first from the JIaldythe. only Welsh periodical that attempted to de- fend him, ami the second from his own country. In the Haul for August, he will find an article headed by his. e.wn name, and as he can hardly be "expected yet to understand an article written in the Welsh language, with- out tlie-'assistance of an interpreter, I gratuitously offer hitn my services." The following is the consoling piece, appa- rently written by the Editor himself:—• "'JFLINGER O. SYMONS, ESQ. This gentleman, one of the three Commissioners, is now stav- ing at Llangollen, North Wales, in order to learn the Welsh lan-' guage, under the tutorship of the Rev. G. Edwards, M.A. Mr„- Symons has been appointed by the Government to superintend the workhouse schools inW ales and' the neighbouring counties of England and as ignorance of the Welsh language is a great dif- ficulty in his way to:.fulfil1 the' duties of his office, he is now' learning it—at least attempting to leariT it ;• and undoubtedly he' has a good master,' « If our readers will permit as,- wc are anxious to say a word.1 or two upon this stitjedt to wit, first—4% the whole of Wales,* from Miiford; to Pretteign. and from.1 Holyhead to: Cardiff, so j. I
several.strangers expressed their gratification at seeing Lord, and Lady Russell. • ■ The lower orders present did not shout, but they did not groan, as some ;appreherfded they would do. Oue iellow, roared out A cheer for Mitebel," another "A cheer for Repeal," but there was no response. His Lordship and Ltdy J. Russell were then, conducted to the terminus of the Kingstown railway, where a special train was in waiting, and in eight minutes after, starting it arrived in Dublin. Here :again a large assemblage of persons of the middle and lower orders were present. The moment his Lordship was recognised a faint clieer was raised. An at- tempt to get up a groan failed. The distinguished visitors got into one of the Lord-Lieutenant's carriages which was in waiting, and before five o'clock they reached the Viceregal Lodge at the Park. J Lord and Lady John Russell drove through Dublin to-day in the carriages of the Lord-Lieutenant. His Exceliency and the Countess of Clarendon accompanied their distinguished visitors. The absence of ostentation in the equipage enabled the party to pass through the most public parts of the city without attracting attention.