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MINING IN FLINTSHIRE.
MINING IN FLINTSHIRE. (From a correspondent of the Mining Journal.) MOLD.—Mining is at a low ebb in this part, from "the price of lead ore being so reduced, and the rate of royalties exacted by the lords being so high, which naturally makes against the miner. It is a matter of surprise that the lords should so in- jure their own interests, by demanding a royalty of one-eighth, or one-tenth, which they must be well aware cannot be af: forded and thus the mines are imperfectly worked. CAE-TAN-Y-GRAIG.—This sett has just been put to work. The workings are shallow; but from which, we understand, several hundreds of tons of ore have been raised by the old men," with the aid of hand-pumps, and at a period before powder was brought into use. Shares, we believe, are to be had at cost price—viz., E8 per 1-128th, with a call of XI per share now due. WESTMINSTER MINE.-The loss here is abQut£200 per month, which is much to be regretted, as the adventurers are really deserving of a good return on the capital they have in- vested, as well as the spirit they have evinced. Upwards of £ 50,000 has been expended on the mine, and it is, at the pre- sent moment, prosecuted with vigour. BELGRAVE MINE.This is barely paying cost; the concern is in the hands of two parties only. I should say that £1,500 or E 2, 000, outlaid in a proper manner, would lead to profita Ible results. MAES-Y-SAFN.—This is a good old lasting work, and the prospects, in the eastern workings, have much improved dur- ing the past three months, the quantity of ore raised having increased 50 per cent., or from 80 to 120 tons per month. JAMAICA MINE.—To the east of Maes-y-Safn cross-cuts were driven, in the first instance, so as to intersect the Maes-v-Safn lode, in the course of which a lode was discovered, as a caunter underlying south, from which 1,350 tons have been raised dur- ing the past two years (1,000 tons from June 1, 1847, to June 1, 1848). In the roof of the 35 fm. level, about 25 fms. east of Francis's shaft, they are now raising ore, with four men, at 10s. per ton; and about 25 fms. nearer the forebreast they have gone through ore ground for 3 fms. in length, which will set at 20s. per ton. In the 35 fm. level west, driving west from the rise 8 fms. over this level, they have gone through 10 fms. of ore ground, and the last 5 or 6 fms. will set at 10s. per ton. The runs of ore do not appear to hold down to the bottom level (43 fm.), although there has been ore occasionally in three or four places. In going west the lode turns with the hill, and [ appears, so far as an opinion can be formed, to be coming back, or taking the bearing of the regular veins of the country. Taylor's shaft is situated about midway between Maes-y-Safn and the principal workings on ore ground. A cross-cut in the 30 has been driven so as to intersect the Maes-y-Safn lode, which is in compact limestone. COED HENDRE.—This mine has yielded good produce but is not more than paying cost at present. FRON-FOWNOG.—This is a rich flat," or bunch of ore, and has been making good profits; the returns, however, have fallen off from 300 to 130 tons a month. IRON BRIDGE FOR THE NEWPORT AND PONTYPOOL RAIL- WAY,—We are pleased to learn that our spirited townsman, Mr. N. Bowen, of the Newport and Pillgwenlly Foundry, is now engaged in the execution of an order for the Newport and Pontypool Railway, consisting of the iron bridge intended to cross the canal at Pontymoile, the dimensions and weight of which are somewhat extraordinary—the bridge being 52 ft. span, the girders between 9 and 10 tons, and the abutment plates between 5 and 6 tons each. We understand that the work will be of an excellent character, and present a ftne fea- ture on the line. The structure, it is stated, will be fixed be- fore the end of the ensuing month.—Monmouthshire Merlin.
LATEST CUItIlENT PRICES OF…
LATEST CUItIlENT PRICES OF METAL. £ s. d. £ s. d. IRON—Bar a ..Wales. ton 5 15 0 to 6 0 0 ..London 6 15 0 Nail rods — 715 0 HOOP (Stafl) g ———. — 815 0 Sheet" ——— — 915 0 Bars 810 0 Welsh cold-blast foundry pig. 3 10 ol 4 5 0 Scotch pig b, Clyde. ———— 2 6 6 Rails, average. ———— — 6 0 0 Chairs. 4 0 0 Russian, ND c. ———— 17 0 0 PSI. Gourieff Archangel. 13 0 0 Swedish d, on the spot. ——— 11 5 0 „ Steele, fagt ———— —15 0 0 111 kegse. ——— 13 10 0 COPPER-Tile f. ——— 78 10 0 Toughcake. ———— 79 10 0 Best selected. -8210 0 Ordinary sheets, lb. .— 0 0 9 bottoms. — 0 0 10 YELLOW METAL SHEATHING. — 0 0 7l TIN Common blocks g cwt. 3 15 0 „ bars. ———— — 316 0 Refined. ——— 318 0 Straits h. 314 0 Banca 4 0 0 TIN-PDATES—Ch., IC i, box I 8 0 110 0 » IX 1 14 0 1 16 0 Coke, IC 1 5 0 1 6 0 ix 1 11 0 112 0 LEAP-Sheet k .ton. 17 0 0 Fig, refined — 18 0 0 common 16 0 0 16 10 0 Spanish, inbond. 16 10 0 ed ———— 18 10 0 Dry White ———— 23 0 0 Shot (Patent) ——— 19 10 0 SPELTER—(Cake) I on spot 13 5 0 13 15 0 forarrival. 71 iNp,-(Shect) ri?, export 20 0 0 21 0 0 lb 0 3 6 a Discount per cent, tj N et cash. c Discount 2| per cent. d Ditto in bond, i Discount 3 per Cent. h Ditto 2' per cent! T Net cash. In kegs i and 44neb. fDiscount3 per cent. g Ditto 2i per cent. Net cash. tti Discount 14 per cent, n Discount l j per cent. REMARKS.—The transactions in all kinds have been very limited this week, but, except spelter "and bar-iron in Wales, which are rather lower, prices remain as quoted last week.
GLASGOW PIG-IRON TRADE.
GLASGOW PIG-IRON TRADE. AUGUST 24TH.—There is the same indisposition to do business this week as there was last, because the same causes are at work The prices of mixed Nos. may be quoted at 44s. 6d. to 45s. for cash, priceTOF~W^^ Shares. uompany. raid. Price. 1000 Abergwessin 7 10000 Banwen Iron Co 6 6 8000 Blaenavon 50 17 10000 British Iron, New regis 10 13 Do. do. scrip. 10 10 1000 Cwm Erfin 31.0 3 3000 Dvfngwm 10 12A 6400 Ctadatr. 2 2 100 Grogwynion. 5 1000 Llwyn Matys 5 — 3600 Llynvi Iron 60 50 5000 Merionethshire Slate and Slate Slab Co. li 2 40(0 Pennant if 14 100 Pcnrhiw 30 65 10000 Rhymney Iron 50 13 £ 10000 Ditto New j 104 2q00 Rhoswhiddol Mine — 6
(ORIGINAL.) TO TIIgGENTIANELU. On, would my breast were like to thine, Thou dark and lovely flower— Open whene'er the sun doth shine, But closed against the shower Gladly receiving all that's bright, Refusing all that's ill, Conscious of tempest and of blight" But pure and shielded still. As thou dost ope thy dark blue eye The mid-day sun to greet, And gazest deeply on the sky, Until his beams retreat- So should our in > ard eye unclose To every blessing given, Nor careless sink into repose Whilst all is bright in heaven; So should our inmost hearts unfold To mercies from on high, Nor e'er be closed, or dead or cold, To sunlike charity. But wherefore slowly droops thy head ? Why bends thy stem, sweet flower ? Are the dark leaves so late outspread To wither in an hour ? The tempest broods-how keen thy sense, Each leaf is folded fast, And thou must make thy self-defence Against the sweeping blast. Harmless the winds have passed thee by, The raindrops find no rest; Lightly they fall, as tear or sigh, Upon thy guarded breast. Thus should the world's Veen, biting breath, And changing atmosphere, Its poisoned winds that tell of death, Its blights that fall to sere, Find the heart guarded well, and steeled, Their harsh assaults to bear, Enclosed in virtue like a shield, And firmly girt with prayer. Swansea.
ECCLESIASTICAL STATISTICS. T&e Reports of the Ecclesiastical Commissioners, for 1831, give the amount of the nett revenues administered by the Church as under:— CHURCH OF ENGLAND. bees of Archbishops and Bishops E160,29,2 Cathedral and Collegiate Churches, and Etclesiastical Corporations 208,289 Prebends and other Preferments in Cathedral and Col- legiate Churches 44,705 Renewal of Leases (average of three years) 21,760 Benefices (10,718) 3,055,451 £ 3,490,497 CHURCH OF IRELAND. Sees of Archbishops and Bishops £ 151,12S > Deans and Chapters 1,043 Economy Estates of Cathedrals 11,055 Other subordinate Corporations 10,526 Prebends, &c. without cure of souls 34,482 Glebe Lands 92,000 Tithes 555,000 Ministers' Money 10,300 865,535 Total revenues of English and Irish Churches £ 4,356,032 It is now known from the progress of the tithe commuta- tions, and other evidence, that the real incomes of the clergy were largely understated in these returns and they do nor, besides, include the incomes derived from college and school foundations administered by the Church (supposed to amount to £ 600,000), nor those derived from lectures and chaplain- ships. The Church-rates are of course excluded, not being a source of income, the annual burden of which to the public is about £ 550,000. The Commissioners state, that the average of the stipends paid to English curates (5,282 in number) is £ 80 per annum. A re-distribution of the national revenues held by the Church (assuming them to amount to E4,350,000 per annum), would admit of the following arrangement:— 15,000 curacies, or religious professorships for rural districts, with salaries of 4100. £1,500,000 500 religious professorships for towns, with salaries of E500. 250,000 15,000 infant school-mistresses, with salaries of £50. 750 000 10,000 masters for day and evening schools, with sala- ini^of £ 10° • • ■ • • • • 1,000,000 2,000 masters for superior town schools, with salaries of £ 250 590 qqq 500 college professorships (including school inspection) with salaries of E500 250,000 100 heads of colleges and normal schools, with salaries of £ 1,000 t 180,000 £ 4,350,000
HARROGATE FACTOTUM.—On a signboard in Harrogate is the following in scription, Hodson, umbrella maker, town bellman, optician, dealer of tobacco, lodgings, baker." POST, Orri op. -Two 'new posts from Haverfordwest com- menefcd on Wednesday morning week, to be continued daily, and return the same evening; one to Tangiers and Ambleston, and the other to Uzmaston, Picton, Slebech, Landshipping, and their neighbourhoods. °' DERBY ELECTION,—The writ for the election for this borough was received on Saturday. On Friday the nomination will take place, and the polling will be on the following day. Messrs. Bass and Heyworth are the Whig candidates; Alessrz. Freshfield and Lord the Tories. A strong contest is expecte d THE PRINCE OF WALES'S TUTOR.—It is rumoured in well-in- formed quarters that the choice of a tutor during the early period of the Prince of Wales's education has fallen upon one of th- Assistant Masters of Eton College, from whose success in en gaging the attachment of his pupils, as well as the confidence of their parents the best results may be anticipated in the mote prominent sphere to which it is proposed to transfer him.-Tiites. ,Ifit. G. CORNEWALL LEWIS, M.P., and Mr. Waddington the Under-Secretaries of State for the Home Department, will both remain in town during the necessary absence of Sir Georn- Grey in attendance upon her Majesty; The Attornev-Generai will also be in readiness, in case his services as chief leo,il adviser should be at any time necessary.— Observer. ° TRIALS OF THE CHARTIST P1U9QNERs.-Four of the leadin<" London Chartists have been ti-d during last week, and found Guilty, The sentence was imprisonment for two years in the House of Correction to each; a fine of £10 each on George Shell, Robert Crowe, and John James Beezer, and of E20 or James Maxwell Bryson and to enter into recognizances, them- selves in £100 each, and two sureties of £ 50, On leaving the docks one of the prisoners cried out, "Come along brother Chartists." 0 LEICESTER ELECTION.—A new writ having been ordered for Leicester, for the election of two members to serve in Parlia- ment, in the place of Sir Joshua Walmesley and Richard Gardner, Esq., a meeting of the Liberal electors was convened the same evening at the Wellington. Rooms, to take steps for introducing two new candidates. Mr, Joseph Biggs nresided at the meeting, and there were upwards of one hundred gen- tlemen present. It was unanimously agreed that Richard Harris, Esq., and John Ellis, Esq,, the former at the head of one of the leading manufacturing firms in the town, and the latter deputy-chairman of the Midland Railway Comoanv should be invited to stand for the borough. It w«s" alsU resolved that there should be a general meeting of the Liber" ] electors on Monday, and that the above gentlemen be waited upon previously; also that the late members for the borough be invited to attend the meeting. On the Conservative side no announcement has yet been made, but it is fully expected that two candidates will be forthcoming. EAST INDIA.The home accounts of the East India Company have been printed by command of the House of Commons. It appears that the receipts, from the 1st of May, 1837, to the BOUl of April, 1848, amounted to zC4,791,3,971, and the disbursements to £ 1.069,215: leaving a balance in favour, on the 30th of April, of £ 727,755. The estimated receipts for the year ending the 30th of April, 1849, amount to £ 4,725,256, and the disbursements to £ 4,37S, 139 leaving a balance in favour of £ 347,1 i7. The aggregate revenues of the Indian empire appear to have amounted in the years 1840-47, to 18,400.435 Company's rupees, and the charges to 18,9(15,615 rupees; leaving a deficiency 0/060 130 Company's rupees. In 1845-46, the revenues were 17 8I2VI9 rupees, and the charges 19,3;)7,79o rupees leaving a deficiency of 1,495,376 rupees. The gross total amount of the public debts of India was, on the 30th of April, 1846, £ 38,992,734 (41,59 22 492 rupees), and the interest therein, £ 1,839,729 (or l/6'24'453 rupees). THE FRENCH NATIONAL ASSF.MBLY.—One of the French papers gives the following statistical account of the National Assembly of France :-The youngest member of the assembles M. Napoleon Bonaparte, aged 25, son of Jerome Bonaparie. There is one member of 27 years of age, four of 28, five of 29, eight of 30, five of 31, twenty-three of 82, seven of 33, nine of 34, fifteen qf 35, twenty of 38, seventeen of 37, tbiity*six of-38, twenty- nine of 3;), twenty-seven of 40, twenty-six of 41, thirty-nine of 42, sixty-one of 43, thirty-nne of 44., forty-two of 45, twenty- five of 46, thirty of 47, fifty-four of 48, thirty-two of 49, fifty- eight of 50, thirty of 51, thirty-three of 52, seventeeu'of 53 twenty of 54, thirty-six of 55, sixteen" of 53, nineteen of 57* eighteen of 58, fifteen of 59, sixteen of fiO, thirteen of 61. six of 62, three of 63, seven of 64, five of 6a, two of 66. three of 67, two of 68, two of 69, two of 70, two of 71, two of 72 two of 73, one of 76, one of 81 pI. Dupont Je PEure). THE CHOLERA CUHlm BY ELECTJUCJTY. —A lecture on the above subject was delivered recently by -Mr. Baggs at the Polytechnic. Institution, London, in which he expressed his opinion that the physiology of man, in al] its contemplated re lations, is governed by, -til cl amenable to, the ubiquitous and mysterious force of electricity, and proposes to place a cholera pa- tient within a coil of wire, transmitting a voltaic current that the ferruginous matter of the blood may be thus artificially brought into a highly magnetic condition, and those' forces neutralised, which during (the progress of an epidemic have been well known to weaken the magnetic virtue of iron bar3 at Petersburgh, Greenwich, and elsewhere, and which, pro- bably, exercise a similar action upon the iron contained in the human system. This suggestion, which certainly appears not to be based upon any whimsical idea, but upon the legitimate inductions of philosophy, was merely offered as a fair"experi- ment to the consideration of the medical profession and it is only right to add, that the lecturer disclaimed all poster and disavowed all intention of interfering with the eatablished'rulos of medical practice. He merely came forward to offer certain suggestions which appeared to him to be reasonable; and thus by endeavouring to provoke a spirit of discussion, upon one of the most important topics of the day, to thrc-w the light of scieuci upon the mysteries of disca&e. »
A DEDIcATH).-The Berkshire Clii-oiticle says:-Tlie follow- ing is the dedication of a new work lately published by a lady at Wallingford, knowp. the authoress of From Oxford to Rome," and Rest in the .Church—" Dedicated to One in Heaven, the Blessed Magdalen, tte&i' Chosen Patropess, the first except she followed' closely in the footsteps of his Holy Mother, to treadagain, reviewing every spot, the way ky 1 'Inch The Master' went up to Calvary, to whom He first appe.?1f:J,1 when He was risen: to one • n Earth, who has instructed an un .o; thy pupil to listen for the vvltisrer-i of another world within the clamour of the Questions of 't lie D a-y; and to All Those who will recelveh help as the pre- pages may afford .to their heart's in £ eniv.2 to defend our
RE-APPE^RAJJCE OB THE PERIODICAL COMET OF 292 YEARS. —In the Times pf the 15th ult. a notice was given by Mr, I. R. Hind of the discovery of a comet in the constellation Auriga, by Dr. Petersen of Altona. The comet is described as small, but bright and easily observed, ilfr, John Taylor, in a letter addressed to the editor of the Liverpool Mercury, says,—" By the comet's positions on the 7th and 10th instant, it would appear that it passed its perihelion in the last week of July, and is now descending to the southern hemisphere, which it will probably enter before the close of the present month. It is much to be regretted that the weather is so cloudy. The earth and the comet are now gradually approaching each other, but will not come so near each other as in the year 1264, for the perihelion has this time preceded the autumnal equinox by a week less than it did il the year 1264, when its display was so terrific,' great, bright, and spreading a long broad tail,' as described in the annals of Colm tr, Their nearest approach this time will not be less than thirty mil- I a lions of miles. Iri the year 1558 the distance of the comet from the earth was less than seven millions of miles, the comet being then in its ascending node, whereas it is now about to pass through its descending node, as it did in the year 1264. The comet will be visible after dark in the evening, if the weather permit, in the north-east, below the North Pole, not far from the stars Castor and Pollux, slanting towards the star Procyon. This is a hasty and rude indication, but it may serve. The apparent coarse of the comet will be nearly in the track of 1264, when it was first seen,' as described by Father Giles, beyond the circle of the zodiac, towards the north, over Cancer, and afterwards towards the south from Gemini, between Cancer and Oripiil 1,
Varieties. THE first of the new decimal coins, in conformity with the plan of the present master of the Mint, has just been completed. It is a two-shilling piece, bearing the profile of the Queen on the obverse. A GENUINE LONDON TRICK.-On Saturday last, as one of the Brighton tradesmen was leaving London, he purchased at the London terminus, at a reasonable rate, what appeared to him to be a very fine brace of ducks. They were very heavy, each duck being stuffed with about 2lbs. of sand, which rendered them com- pletely worthless.—Brighton Gazette. FRENCH BUTTEu.-Among the arrivals at present taking place from the Continent are some parcels of butter from France, which, not being of common occurrence, are of interest. The steamer Belfast, arrived from Calais, has brought 32 packages, and the James Watt, from., Havre, 100 firkins of this article, the produce of France. A JOINT-STOCK company is about to be started in Birmingham for the erection of model dwellings," as a mere money specula- tion, though with an eye to the well-being of future tenants. There is to be nothing of a "charitable" nature in the scheme some prejudice has been created against other buildings of the kind as "-being only a sdrtof genteel poor-house." A COINCIDENCP.-Since 1789 all the revolutions in France have taken place under popes of the name of Pius. Louis XVI was dethroned under Pius VI. the Directory was overturned under Pius VI. Napoleon fell under Pius VIr. Charles X. under Pius VIII. and Louis Philippe under Pius IX.-John Bull SINGULAR OCCURRENCE,—A few evenings ago, as a gentleman named John Russell was quietly seated on his bench—thinking of nothing—he was assaulted by a person named Berkeley, who, with others, carried him off his feet, and-as Gulliver was jammed into a marrow-bone—stuck him hard and fast in a ballot-box, Happily, no injury was committed upon the worthy gentfei-nai but there is every reason to believe that his assailants, animated by their late success, contemplate a renewal of their violence,- Punch, RELIGION AND STRONG DRi-Alas for the land we live in Alas, for Scotland, pre-eminent in this great infatuation Scot- land, so poor, and yet such a shameless spendthrift! Scotland, set down on the map of the world as the most religious and the most drunken nation on the face of the earth! "Scottivh l'em- peralice Review. CHEAP NbisE you. THE NAVY.—Mr. Hume, the other even, ing, in the House of Commons, gave notice of his intentioa to ask the Government for an account of the expenses of gunpowder used for salutes. To blow the money of the nation away into expen- sive gases, is literally to fling it to the winds. The cash of the country ought not to be converted into fulminating gold and silver. We therefore coincide with Mr. Hume in objecting to these ex- pensive explosions. We do grudge an outlay of the precious metals for the mere purpose of making a noise in honour of illus- trious personages. That end would be answered equally well by sheet-iron, the material for producing mock-thunder not to be distinguished from real. This would be din enough for any mani. festations of respect or loyalty and therefore we suggest that, as a substitute for powder, mimic thunder should be added to the rattlins of the royql Davy.-Ptinch. THE ADVERTISEMENT DUTY is most oppressive and most un- equally levied. A single line, or a whole column, is indiffer- ently charged Is. 6d, The servant seeking a situation is taxed as much as the duchess who announces the loss of a diamond neck- lace and offers a reward for its restoration. The tradesman striv- ing to create a business pays the same impost as the nobleman who offers for sale a landed estate worth a quarter of a million. Tested by common sense and common honesty, such regulations display neither the wisdom nor the equity of legislation, but either gross ignorance or gross injustice. If our press is free from censorship, it is coerced by fiscality, and John Milton's demand for liberty of unlicensed printing" has yet to be enforced.—Douglas Jerrold, SUNDAY DRINKING.—It is notorious that the traffic in intoxi- cating drinks iscarritd on, to a great extent, on the Lord's-day. Everywhere, this fearful fact wieets us, in town and country, in city, village, and hajnlet while, in many cases, it is the acknow- ledgment of those engaged in the traffic, that more drink is sold by them on the Sabbath-day than on all the days of the week lroutes, and that if they were obliged to discontinue selling on the I they might give up the business altogether. Unde- niable evidence auOrded by others, combiued with our own per- sonal experience, leads us to the conclusion, that the extent cf this Sabbath traffic exceeds far the knowledge of even the most correctly informed; and that, although its terrible effects were depicted in the darkest colours, the representation would fall far short of the reality .-Scottish Temperance Review, CHEAP FUFL.-Tiie river Teivy below Pontrhydvendigaicl runs several miles through a flat country-a vast peat bog, from which many hundreds draw their supplies of fuel. A certain number of yards is allotted to each applicant: a cottager can obtain 8S much of the most agreeable fuel in the world as he can burn in a year, including cutting, for less than a pound. Coal is a very costly commodity in this county (Cardiganshire). How providential is the distribution offuel !-Book of South Wales, Second Edition. CAKTNE SALMON FIMILRS.—A very remarkable custom, said to be one of remole antiquity, exists here. The Ewenny joins the Ogmore a little below Ogmore castle; the river is shallow, eon- tains a number of pools, and at its sea-side diffuses itself over the sand. When the river is low and the tide is on the ebb, the fish- ermen station themselves with their cur dogs at the mouth, and "club the sewin and salmon as they endeavour to escape across the shallows to the sea. The dogs are trained to seize the fugitives, and the struggle of men and animals constitute an animated and entertaining scene; the dogs often leave an ugly mark in the back of the fish.Book of South Wales, Second Edition. USED UP. MR. P.-Really, my lord, you ought to make an effort, and do something for Ireland, which is in a very unsatisfactory state. LD, J. R.—Oh, there's nothing in it. MH. P.- You should try a modification of the Church, colonisa- tion, or cultivation of the waste lands. LD. J. R.—There's nothing in them. LD. G. B.—What will you do for the West Indian distress? LD. J. R.—There's nothing in it. SIR R. ING.—You should drop the diplomatic relations with Rome. Li). J. R.—A bugbear. There's nothing in it. MR. COBD.—What about the new Reform movement? LD. J. R. (yawns). —Oh, we don't want it! If we did, we should have it. Besides, I know hoiv such cries are raised I have done it myself, A few gentlemen meet; talk a little pass reso- lutions, and the thing is got up. I can assure you there's nothing in it. J Mu. P.—But what do you think of the session for 1848 ? LD. J. It. Oti! decidedly nothing ia it. Leave MI alone. Yo ti bvre iiie.- P, unelt.
,STATISTICS OF THE ARMt AND…
STATISTICS OF THE ARMt AND NAVY. The British army consists of 20, regiments of cavalry, and 114 regiments of infantry for which tfte$e ate 0 6,<ild-K?ar- shiiis, 66 generals, 142 lieutenant-generals, and 191 major- generals—nearly three generals to a regiment. The British navy consists of 660 armed vessels of every description, for which are 152 admirals and rear-admirals, besides 51 retired admirals—or, one admiral to every three veeseia. That's the way the money goes."
MISSIONS OF THE UNITED BRETHREN,…
II slonaries are employed in instructing above 64,000 persons, who compose the congregations gathered from the Greenland, American-Indian, Esquimaux, Negro, Hottentot and other South African nations, of whom about 20,000 are communicants. The distribution is as follows:- 0 z¡ 0 o¡) .S 8 "g *3 £ I' o J .3 § g I £ § 3 S '■§ « COUNTRIES. -5 a -2 A M & H S.2 g g S TS = T>0 8 'v: £ *■§ C) 4t: Among the N egroes- West India Islands- 1732 St. Thomas, St. Croix, and St. Jan 9 47 10,170 1756 Antigua 7 25 10,746 1% 1754 Jamaica 12 34 13,980 1775 St. Kitt's 3 10 4,425 1765 Barbadoes and Tobago 6 18 4,931 South America 1738 Suriiiain, &,c. 5 32 9,477 Among the Hottentots, &c.— 1736 South Africa 7 47 6,079 Among Indians and Esquimaux- 1734 North America 4 10 404 1764 Ditto-Coast of Labrador- 4 27 1,1153 Among the Greenlanders- 1733 Greenland- 4 24 1,800 Total 61 274* 63,165 Now 62 288 64,168 By rigid economy, and by the Missionaries foregoing the re- ceipt of salary, the Institutions are supported at an annual expense of about jE 13,000; but the Brethren are few in num- ber, and mostly poor, and are unable, therefore, to maintain, without much assistance, such extensive Missions. They can seldom raise themselves above a fourth part of the amount required. Distressing embarrassments have occasionally vi- sited them, and they must long since have relinquished many ,of their Stations, but for the bounty of benevolent friends, ohiefly in England and Scotland, by whose aid the deficit has been made good, and whose unceasing support can alone avert future difficulties, The Missions are in a state of progressive advance in most of the fields of their labour. Such is particularly the case in the West India islands. In Jamaica, the Brethren have nearly 14,000 Negroes in connexion with their Church, of whom 4,212 are communicants; and in Antigua they have 10,700, including 4,904 communicants. In the Danish islands, the Brethren have recently been invited to educate the whole of the Negro children in the Christian faith, and to introduce the English language for that purpose. The Government has erected eight school-houses in St. Croix, and five are in pro- gress in St. Thomas, and four in St. Jan. The work of educa- tion has long been carried on effectively in the settlements in the British Islands. The number of Negro children in the congregations exceeds 12,000, exclusive of those in the Danish islands not of their communion. A large establishment of na- tive teachers is therefore required, and it has become indispens- able in order to secure their being duly qu l1 ied for that re- sponsible office, to establish a training srH ci to be conducted by the Missionaries, which the Brethren are anxious to erect in the island of Antigua, and to begin by receiving 20 boys for instruction, who will be taken into the institution at the age of five or six years. The cost will be from El,200 to EI,500, and a separate fund has been opened to supply the needful funds, to which contributions are earnestly invited, as well as for the permanent support of the School. In Surinam, the congregations have so greatly increased as to number nearly 9,500 Negroes. A station formerly occupied among the Free Negroes, bordering on that colony, at Bambey, on the river Sarameca, in the interior of the South American continent, has been re-established in the midst of idolatry, with much promise of a happy result. The visits to this and many other posts are facilitated by a society formed a few years ago among the in- habitants, and under the sanction of the local Government, to promote the further religious instruction of the coloured population through the Brethren's Missionaries. The Negroes and coloured persons in the Brethren's congregations in the West Indies and Surinam amount to 53,729 individuals. The separate fund, termed the West India Fund," for forming new establishments in the West Indies, has now been closed, but the fund for the provision of teachers and books for the ,edue.ation of the children of Negroes, termed the "Negro School Fund," will still be required, and will be kept separate as before. In South Africa the Mission, notwithstanding the vicissi- tudes of season which occasionally affect the Stations, is gene- rally in a progressive and satisfactory condition. A large num- ber of the recently emancipated slaves have joined the congre- gations, which now contain 6,079 persons, of whom 1,613 are communicants. The Missionaries stationed among the North American Indians have followed their flocks in their emigra- tion into the far West, and find there anew mission field opened to them among tribes not yet blessed with the light of the gos- pel. In the midst of the snows and the ice of Greenland. and of Labrador, "the word of the Lord has free course and is glorified." The Harmony has. returned from the seventy-fifth annual voyage, performed invariably in safety under the pro- testing hand of God, to convey supplies to the dreary coast of Labrador, There the accessions from among the heathen have been, for many years, raore than sufficient to supply the place of those who are removed by death. The London Association" in favour of these Missions, com- posed of Christians not in church-fellowship with the Brethren, was formed in the year 1817. It has been blessed with re- markable success. Institutions acting in concert with it have been organised in many of the cities and principal towns in Eng- land and Wales, and the total receipts have advanced gradually from E400, their amount in 1818, to an average of nearly E5,000 per annum. The contingent character of much of this aid ren- flers it very desirable to encourage a more permanent interest in behalf of the Missions, and to enlarge the annual contribu- tions. The Committee, therefore, earnestly commend this favoured and efficient labour of love, which is carried on with so much simplicity and strict economy, to the liberal support of those who desire the present welfare and salvation of heathen tribes. Secretary for correspondence, Mr. Robert Webb, at the office at the Association, 28, Charles-street, Parliament-street, where all letters may be addressed. The wives of Missionaries who undertake, in that Church, the spiritual efairgc of the females, ad seven assistants in thclllissions and schools, are here ipcluded, Mr. Oadwalader W. Evan, of Airedale College, lias received 11iit accepted a unanimous ling cordial invitation to become tli,-ir minister from the church and congregation worshipping t Lejidai ehaj-cl "vi* b;\t he does not purpose entering fully cm his pastoi il 1 tboa S before tlie clgse of curriculum in llne next. -Rii mN-LY.-Oii the 22nd and 23rd ult. a meeting was held y 7' at this place to open the new Independent chapel called Goshen, when the following gentlemen officiated on the occasion:— Revs. W, Williams, Cefncoedcymer; J. Harrisou, Aberdare; N. 'Stephens, Sirhowy E. Morgan', Ifenydaren; S.' Phillips, IAangynydr E. Davies, Libanus; J, Thomas, Cefncribwr 'Williams, 'Tynycoed; D. Davies, New Inn; Lawrence, Adulam W. Moses, Cefncoedcymer and E. Prichard, Seeth- ing Messrs. Benjamin Davies and Isaac Thomas. The con- gregations were numerous, and the sermons powerful. Good collections were made towards liquidating the debt remaining .n the chapel. PONTYPRIDD AUXILIARY BIBLE SOCIETy.-On Friday even- ing, July 14, a Bible Society meeting was held at the English Wesleyan chapel, The throne of grace was approached by the Rev. G. Jones, Independent, and the chair taken by the same, who addressed the meeting on the subject of the said benevolent institution. Mr, D, Powell, depositor, and Mr. Charles Bassett, secretary, being present, the latter was called to read and produce a statement of the operations and affairs of the society, who, having complied to the satisfaction of the attendants, very briefly observed that the society was progress- ing, and wore a better aspect than it did the preceding year. The meeting was afterwards addressed by the Rev. O. Wil- liams, Baptist, who was very ably and appropriately followed both in English and Welsh by the deputation, the Rev. E. Davies, classical tutor of Brecon College, and T, Phillips, Hay, after which a collection was made amounting to £ 4s. The Meeting closed with prayer.