CARDIFF. TAFF VALE RAILWAY.—-The traffic for the week ending Au- gust 12th, 1848, was £ 1,639 9s. Od. TAFF VALE RAILWAY. The general meeting of this company was held on Wednes- day, the 16th inst., at the White Lion hotel, Bristol, Walter Coffin, Esq., in the chair. The Secretary, E. Kenway, Esq., read the advertisement con- vening the meeting, and the common seal of the company was then attached to the list of shareholders. The secretary then read the following — llBPOll'F OF THE DIRECTORS TO THii GENERAL MEETING, AVGUST 16, 1848. The directors feel much satisfaction in announcing to the pro- prietors, that there is a small increase in the gross half-yearly revenue, as compared with the half-yearly revenue immediately preceding. This increase in the revenue, though small, yields a very gratify- ing proof of the soundness of the undertaking, at a time when ol the convulsions in almost all the states of Europe had so paralysed the exports both of coal and iron. The income and expenditure of the Aberdare railway are brought nearer each other, by an increase in its gross receipts of Ei63, in the past half-year. The directors recommend a dividend of -14, free of meome-tax, on each original share of t 1'26; and a dividend, in the same propor- tion, on the quarter and £10 shares; and further, that 1;750 be carried to the credit of the Depreciation Fund. The works on the east branch are so far advanced that very satisfactory trials have been made of the efficiency of the shipping staitlis, and of the steam cranes for landing ballast. The retiring directors are Thos. Powell, Jas. Poole, junior, and W. Done Bushell, Esqrs., who are eligible for re-election. WALTER COFFIN, Chairman. The statement of accounts showed the receipts on the Taff line for the half year ending 30th of June to be £ 41,254 10d.; the Aberdare branch, £ 3,708 2s. 4d., making a total of £45,022 8s. 2d. The expenditure on the Taff has been E15,233 Os. 8d.; on the Aberdare, £ 2,063 7s. 2d. total, iEl7,296 7s. lOrl., leaving a balance of profit of E27,726 0. 4d.; from which has to be de- ducted interest on mortgage debentures, income-tax, &c., amount- ingto E 14,0.50 17s. 5d., leaving a balance of E 13,675 2s. lid., which, with a balance brought forward from last half-year of £ L 522 10s. 5d., makes a final total of E15,197 13s. 4d., to he appropriated to dividend. It must be satisfactory to the pro- prietors to find there has been a steady increase in the traffic on the line. In the half-years respectively ending Dec. 1816, it amounted to E33,144 18s. lid.; June, 1847, £ 35,920 I is. bd. in Dec. 1847 toE44,410 lis. 6d. in June, 1848, to £ 45,022 Ss. 2d. The chairman -put the following resolutions, which were c: jrried unanimously :— 1st. That the report of the directors now read, with the state- ment of accounts, be received, adopted, and printed for circulation amongst the proprietors. 2nd. That a dividend of jE4 per share, free of income-tax, on each original share of £ 126, be now declared. 3rd. That such dividend bo payable on the 6th of September next to the proprietors of original shares, whose names appear on the register of the company, at the closing of the transfer books on the 8th instant. 4th. That Thomas Powell, James Poole, junior, and William Done Bushel, Esqrs., be re-elected directors of this company. Mr. Poole rose to return thanks for his re-election, and said that it was in the recollection of many of the shareholders now present that promises had been made which were this day ful- filled, and he confidently anticipated a large accession to the trade of the line, and consequently an increased dividend (hear, hJar). He would continue to give his best exertions (hear). W. Done Bushell, Resident Director, also returned thanks he could not permit such an opportunity to pass without ex- pressing his great obligations for the hearty and kind manner in which his name had been received, and he said this more particularly from the peculiar position he held in the company through the confidence of the proprietors (hear, hear). lie would only add that words were empty and promises often vain, but this he would declare in their presence, that they might depend upon his strict endeavour faithfully to protect the interests of the company (hear, hear). Mr. Powell returned thanks. He considered he had done more good to the railway as a freighter than as a director. He was already the largest freighter, and could do still more. He was now paying the company near a fourth part of their whole receipts (hear, hear). He had paid them £ 20,000. But for the convulsions in France and elsewhere his trade would have been much larger, and he had no doubt the divi- dend to-day would have been E4 10s. per share had he been enabled to fulfil his continental contracts (hear, hear). He had lost the sale of 20,000 tons of coal contracted for in France and the Baltic. The chairman then stated the business of the meeting was concluded, unless any shareholder had something to bring for- ward. Upon which Mr. H. H. Hall said that if nobody else would rise he must, and he moved a vote of thanks to the di- rectors. He alluded to the London and North Western, and declared he would prefer Taff Vale shares even to those of that celebrated line. Mr. Robert Leonard seconded the motion, and said it was his full intention to have proposed it, but Mr. Hall had forestalled him. He considered the proprietors deeply indebted to the Direc- tors, for their exertions had been very laborious to bring the rail- way to its present pitch of prosperity. They had encountered great difficulties and overcome them—they had devoted their time and talents, at the expense of their own individual interests, to the interests of the proprietors, and this he knew, too, to a con- siderable extent. He could not withhold the expression of his sentiments, and he was extremely gratified with the results of this day (hear, hear, hear). He hoped the day would come when the proprietors would be able to give a more substantial proof of their confidence in the directors than they were this day (hear, hear). The resolution, as follows,, was then put from the chair. That the thanks of this meeting b? given to the directors for their able management of the affairs cf this company. The resolution was carried by acclamation. The chairman returned the best thanks of himself and co-di- rectoi s for the resolution of confidence just carried. It was very true the railway had struggled with hard and adverse times, and had surmounted great difficulties, and besides their great stake in the concern as proprietors in common with those present, they had a still greater stake, namely, their own reputation to sustain. They felt their responsibility, and he hoped they would always be happy to meet their constituents (hear, hear). He trusted that Mr. Powell would very shortly realise all he held out (hear, hear). The meeting then separated. BAPTIST MISSIONS.'—The anniversary services of the Cardiff auxiliary to the above missions was held on the 13th and 14th instant. On Sunday the Rev. J. Jordan Davies, of Bootle, near Liverpool, delivered two excellent and impressive sermons at the Bethany (English) chapel; the Rev. Benjamin Evans, of Hir waun, preached at the Tabernacle (Welsh) chapel, morning and evening. On Monday evening, the public meeting was held at Bethany chapel; Charles Vachell, Esq., in the chair. The meet- ing was addressed by the Rev. Messrs. David Jones, Benj. Price (Cymro Bach), Benjamin Evans, W. W. Roueh, W. Wheeler (Stroud), gnct J. J.Davies (the deputation). Our space will not admit of even a brief report of the excellent speeches delivered. The collections were similar to those of last vear. Collections after sermons by Rev. J. J. Davies £ 10 3 11 Ditto at public nieetiiig 6 17 0 Missionary boxes 12 16 0 Annual subscriptions 10 0 0 jE391611 The following is a list of the boxes and their contents as read at the meeting:—■ £ s. d. £ s. a. Miss Hopkins 0 10 74 Mast, John Edwards 0 6 3 Miss Kezia Recs 1 3 2| MissE. A. Llewellyn 0 6 4J Miss S. J. Price 0 13 3 Miss Eliza Jones. 1 19 6i Miss Maria Mathias 0 5 6 Mrs. Geo, Sully 0 10 0 Miss Ilosa Thomas 0 2 9 Three boxes. 0 5 7 Miss Susannah Ford 1 9 1 Vestry box 1 I O Miss Ambrose 0 8 0 Sunday School ditto (>8 2 Master J, E. Thomas 0 3 3 Ditto at Glass-house 0 9 10 Miss ALLUM 0 11 2i Miss Lewis, Pontcanna 0 16 10 Miss M.Thomas. 0 5 10j Miss Jane Lewis 0 11 2 £ 12 16 0 Miss Miriam Lewis..085 The Tabernacle Collections were not announced. PROPOSED DIRECT COMMUNICATION BETWTREN CARDIFF AND WOUCKSTEU.—We are given to understand that the proprietors of the "Hero" coach have most liberally offered to convey the mail bags to and from Cardiff and Worcester, and the intermediate offices, daily, free of expense. This is an arrangement much to be desired, as the disadvantage arising from the want of direct com- munication with the towns on the above route is very considerable. A party in this town, for instance, having occasion to write to a friend in Monmouth, \v< uld have ta wait two days for a reply; whereas by the proposed arrangement, a letter posted at Cardiff in the morning would not only reach Monmouth on that (hy, hIt obtuia an answer the s: me evening. Cjrresp.' irling advantages would be secured for all other places between this place and Wor- cester. We strongly urge the inhabitants of Cardiff, Newport, Monmouth, and all others interested, to petition the post-office authorities without delay, as the time for making the new con- tracts is not very distant. POLICE, THURSDAY, AUG. 10.—(Present the mayor, the Rev. T. Stacey and James Lewis, Esq.)—Thomas Llewellyn, sawyer, of -court,, charged with being drunk and disorderly at the General Nott, Duke-street, on Saturday last, did not appear, because of some misunderstanding. It appeared that Llewellyn is receiving parochial aid to the weekly amount of 4s., and that his wife had complained to the llev. Mr. btacey that the police- constable had not dealt fairly with him. charge the officer with any dereliction of duty, but he thought it wa» battr to investigate the matter; he stated that it was not legal tor any officer to take a man into custody, and lock him up merely for intoxication. It was then ordered that Llewellyn be brought up next Monday.. POLICE MONDAY, AUGUST 14.—(Before the Mayor and Jas. Lewis, Esq.) — Thomas 'Jones, of the Cardigan Anns, appeared to answer the cnarg-e^of Hugh Allen, for using abusive and threatening language. Mi. Jones allowed that he might have made use of improper language at the excite- ment of the moment, but that he contemplated no molestation, and would be very sorry to injure the complainant. Bound over in his own recognizance to keep the peace, and to pay 7s. Gel. costs. William liees, coal-carrier, who was given to Mr. Stoekdale's custody on Sunday night for being drunk and disorderly in Paradise-place, was brought up. Captain Armstrong, who resides in the neighbourhood, said that Itees was a very drunken character, that he abused his wife sadly, and that he kept the neighbourhood in con- stant commotion. Bailed to keep the peace for twelve i oiitli, --IVillia,)i Waldron against whom Mr. Stockdale had a summons last week, for being drunk and unable to manage the horses of his employer, Mr. Wollet, the railway contractor, was fined 5s. Mr. Wollet, who had also been summoned for leavinf his cart without a name, was discharged on paying costs of sum- mons an'd°service. George Richard charged with being drunk at Croek- hsrbtown was fined 7s.-—T. G. Phillpotts, Esq., appeared to make a com- plaint against Mr. Bowen, the assistant-overseer, who had refused to give him a copy of the poor-rate, according to the provision of the act 6 and 7 Wm'IV c 96 s. 5. After their worships had heard the evidence on both sides the Mayor'said that Mr. Bowen had certainly acted wrong, but as Mr. Phillpotts had also allowed himself to be carried away by his passions, he would not fine the assistant overseer, but would order him to furnish Mr. P. wHh a copy forthwith. Thomas Llewellyn, a pauper, charged with being drunk and disorderly at the General Nott, was discharged. [It must be very gratifying to the rate-payers of Cardiff to see their paupers thus charged and discharged We question very much if all who pay rates in this town could afford—yvexe they so debasedlv inclined—to get drunk. The paupers can though!] Mr. Stockdale appeared, for a summons to-day again, against Mr. George Bond, the butcher, of Bute-street, and also against Mr. Silvester White, and Wm. White, for nuisance.. [We trust that this is only the commencement of sanitary reform, as it must be allowed that such reform is greatlv wanted in Cardiff.] POLICE, THURSDAY, AUG. 17.-—(Before the Rev. Jamos Evans, and Henry Lewis, Esq.)— Hugh Allen, for whom Mr. Bird, solicitor, appeared, was charged with assaulting Anne Jones, the landlady of the Cardigan Arms public-house. The charge was proved againt the defendant, who was fined £ 1 and lis. costs. -William Stockwood, journeyman shoemaker, who was defended by Mr. Reece, solicitor, appeared to answer the complaint of Mary Price Wharton-street, for an assault. He was convicted, and fined 30s and costs and in default of payment to be committed to the House of eorrectiolJ for one i-aouth.
lONlVIOUTII, THE CONVICT KELLY.—Several petitions numerously and respectably signed have been dispatched from Monmouth, and we believe also from Newport, praying for a commutation of the fatal sentence passed last assizes at this place on this unfortunate man an account of whose trial we gave in our last number. Memorials have been signed on his behalf, by the high sheriff of the county, many of the magistrates, and by all the jurors, who o-iving in their verdict at the close ot the tiial, lecom- mended him to mercy. One of the petitions we have seen ran thus To the RigM Honourable Sir George Grey, Her Majesty's princi- pal Secretary of Stnte. "We the undersigned mayor, magistrates, town-council, and other inhabitants of the town of Monmouth, beg most respectfully and: earnestly to entreat your merciful interference with the crown on behalf of Matthias Kelly, a convict in our county gaol, now lying under sentence of death for the wilful murder of Agnes Iliil. "Your petitioners believe, from the evidence which was adduced upon trial, that the prisoner Matthias Kelly committed the lamen- table crime of which he has been convicted in a fit of jealous frenzy without any previous malice or intention, but to which he was impelled by the unfortunate indiscretion of deceased, to whom he appears to have been affectionately, though unhappily attached. "rY-our petitioners are encouragcd in their appeal for mercv on behalf of Matthias Kelly, by the earnest recommendation of his liar), to the same effect; bS his previous excellent character no less than by the clemency of the crown in the case of Annette Meyers, which, in some important features, is analagous to the present deplorable affair. Entreating most respectfully and urgently your kind recom- mendation to her most gracious Majesty to spare the life of the unhappy convict, AVe are, &e. A letter to the same purpose was written to the Times by a bar- rister of some eminence his name not being attached to it, we do not feel at liberty to mention it. It is more than probable that the sentence will be commuted.
CARDIGAN. MELANCHOLY AND FATAL ACCIDENTS.—Early on the morning of the 10th instant, Mr. John Davies, watchmaker, of Cardigan was found dead in his slate quarry, about half-a-mile from town. It is supposed he fell from the top of the quarry to the^ bottom. He* was in his 86th year, and was buried the following Saturday. —On the afternoon of the same day two men were drowned in the river Tivy near Cilgeran, as they were fishing in coracles, there being much flood in the river at the time. The melancholy accident threw all the inhabitants of Cilgeran into the greatest trouble.
MERTHYR. IMPORTANT CHURCH RATE QUESTION. POLICE, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 16.—(Present H. A. Bruce and J. Morgan, Esqrs.) The clwrcluvardens of the parish of Merthyr Tydfil, r. Henry T'homas, of the same parish. This was a summons against the defendant for non-payment of the sum offjne shilling, duo for a Chui'ch-ratc made in the said parish on the 19th August, 1S471. Mr. T. G. Phillpotts, solicitor, appeared for the defendant. Mr. Edward Morgan, one of the churchwardens, was sworn, and deposed to the making of the rate, and produced the rate book. Mr. Bruce: Do you require proof of the signatures, Mr. Phillpotts ? Mr. Phillpotts: Certainly not, sir. I admit all that part of the case. Mr. Morgan was then cross-examined by Mr. Phillpottg, and said: I don't think-all the parties that ought to bo rated are rated in this parish. A great number that ought to be are not rated. It is not carried out in this parish. (,J Mr. Phillpotts Now, Mr. Morgan, I mean nothing per- sonal to you, but are you the owner of a house at Pontmor- lais, now or lately occupied by one Thomas Davies, and is that house rated ? Mr. Morgan Yes, I am the owner; but it is not rated, I believe. I don't know exactly whether it is or not, for it is not usual to rate cottages. (Reference was then made to the rate book, and no entry of the house found there.) There are houses on each side of the defendant's of equal value, which I don't believe are rated. On further cross-examination, Mr. Morgan frankly ad- mitted that the rent he received from the tenant of this house of his own, so omitted to be rated, exceeded in value the gross estimated value of the premises for which the defen- dant was rated. It was further admitted by him that a Mr. Harris, a corn and butter merchant, a Mr. Phillips, a master builder, and numerous other parties in the parish, residents there, and holding and occupying more extensive premises than the defendant, were entirely omitted from the rate- book, and therefore escaped payment of any Church rares. It is due to Mr. Morgan to observe that he most candidly answered every question, and admitted that the mode of rating was most defective, and that the rate book was gene- rally copied from the old poor-rate book. Mr. Phillpotts Do you happen to know, Mr. Morgan, whether or not the defendant occupies, or has any seat in the parish church ? There is a seat there if he likes to come. They are all free seats except four. Did you ever see him in church at any time, and don't you. know lie is a Dissenter ? Never saw him in church, and he has no regular seat there. Mr. Phillpotts admitted a demand had been made for pay- ment of the rate, and this closed the case on behalf of the churchwardens. Mr. Pnillpotts then addressed the bench for the defendant, prefacing his observations by observing that they would be applicable not only to the case of the parish then under con- sideration, but to nearly, if not quite all the parishes in the county of Glamorgan; the same irregular, informal, and de- fective mode of getting up" or making a Church-rate was practised throughout the county. What was the fact dis- closed and very readily disclosed by the gentleman who acted as churchwarden ? why that the rating was not carried out in this parish," and that respectable parties, equal in station to the defendant, namely, master builders and corn and butter merchants, were not rated at all. Had not the defendant therefore a perfect right to come before tile bench and complain of his being asked to pay a tax which half the parish were excused from ? It was not the paltry sum of one shilling the defendant was fighting against, as was evidenced by the fact of his bringing him (Mr. P.) fro i Cardiff to Merthyr to conduct his case at a great expense t > him the defendant; but he objected to the tax upon princi- ple, and the learned stipendiary magistrate and himself being fully acquainted with the law, knew that however oppressive that law might be in fact, whatever their private opinions were, they were bound to take it as they found it. But the defendant, acting upon principle, conceiving the tax to be iniquitous, unrighteous, and unjust, had a perfect honest right to avail himself of any objection that may arise le- gally upon the acts of parliament to rid himself of this impost. Mr. Bruce: All this is very fair matter for argument, Mr. Phillpotts, and I quite agree with that part of it as to the irregular mode of rating, and that no doubt would have been good ground for opposing the rate in the Ecclesiastical Court ;but have you any point to follow your argument, to show us that we can entertain that objection here to-day P Mr. Phillpotts Certainly I have sir, and what I am calling your attention to, bears upon the point I shall pre- sently take and perhaps I may be allowed to make refer- ence to the law as regarded the right of justices to interfere summarily at all until the passing of the 53rd Geo. III. c. 127, s. 7, "for the recovery of church or chapel rates, not exceeding ;CIO." Previous to the passing of that statute, the magistrates had no power whatever, and that act was passed for the relief of that highly respectable and quiet body the Quakers," who were averse to litigation, and more especially to the expensive mode in which the matter was previously forced upon them, compelling them to itfeur ruinous costs in the ecclesiastical courts to dispute a chain of perhaps a few shillings and the Legislature, therefore, very properly passed this act, enabling warrants of distress to issue upon their effects, and although the instruments employed to carry out the intention of the statute generally sold their property for a quarter of its value, they passively submitted to it. Mr. Bruce: What point is it, Mr. Phillpotts, upon which you think we have power to dismiss this summons ? Mr. Phillpotts I am just coming to it, sir. I rely upon the case of Rex v. the chapelwardens of Milnrow, T. 56 Geo. III., 5 M. and S. 248. That was an appeal against an order of two justices for the county of Lancaster, directing the payment of a chapel rate. The sessions quashed the order, subject to the opinion of the Court of King's Bench on a special case. The facts in that case were that there had been an old chapel at Milnrow. In 1796 a new one was built in its stead. ltates had been made fur its repairs within twenty years the sums in the rate in dispute were the same as those charged in the former rate. Subsequently it was rebuilt, &e. Bealey, an inhabitant of the chapelry, and the occupier of a house in it, was charged by the rate £ 3 6s. lid. lie refused to pay, and was summoned before the justices, and appeared accordingly. In the pre- sence of the justices Bealey declared he would bring all. action against any person who ventured to levy the rate, as he thought he had no right to pay, because he had no claim to or seat in the chapel." Mr. Bruce But this party has a right to a seat, but has never asked for it. Some discussion took place between the learned gentleman and Mr. P. on this part of the ease, after which Mr. Phill- potts proceeded to read the case he was quoting from. It. was clearly laid down by Lord Ellenborough, C. J., and he quotes the statute of 53rd Geo. III., c. 127, where it is pro- vided that although the subject matter be under XIO, yet .i if there should be a purpose notified by the party who is brought before the justices, that he means to dispute the validity of the rate or his liability to pay it, thejustices shed forbear and after further reading, his lordship says that therefore it is a cesser of the proceeding before the ma- gistrates." Mr. Bruce But do I understand you that in this case vou dispute the validity of the rate ? Mr. Phillpotts: Most decidedly. I am here to do it. I thought the Bench distinctly understood me from my cross- examination. I have shown it to be unequal and unjust, and I say that I oust the jurisdiction of the magistrates by doing so. We are quite willing and ready to meet the churchwardens in the ecclesiastical court to try the validity of this rate. Mr. Bruce: Then I qmte agree with you on the authority of the case you have cited, that we have no jurisdiction, and if you had told me before distinctly that you disputed the validity of it, I should at once have stopped the case. The summons was dismissed. J.
THE OLD A PPLE WO MAN. THE venerable dame who would live in a town without her ? Is she not as much a part of our glorious constitution as that church, between the buttresses of whose temple she has from time immemorial sold her gewgaws and her pip- pins ? Without her, we should be without one of our surest bulwarks. Sad will it be for us when applcwomen esase in the land. Democracy will have then become triumphant, and the days of merrie England will be ended. No artist, with any respect for his reputation, would sketch a street scene, so as to be thoroughly old English, without introducing a common crier, with cocked hat, and tippet turned up with red, plying his antique bell, and loud in his utterance of loyalty--a common gaol, with its iron bars, and front defaced with juvenile sketches of the gallows—but above all, a church with jackdaws flying about its pinnacles, and as much as he could paint of their cawings; and some t ous, shrivelled-up hunter at its base, scarcely less garrulous, driving her humble trade. We have no limner's hand or we would sketch the ancient lady, as she spreads her tempting wares shining with extra- natural polish, to ease the schoolboy of his little wealth, and to catch the ignoble penny from the sweet-toothed boy of riper age. Poor old woman! Firm adherent she, of Church and State. There she is the livelong day, under the protect- ing shadows of that mouldering pile which speaks like her so eloquently of the days of other years. In that porch, or in that sheltered nook formed by the massive buttress, she stands with visage as grim as those carved in the stones above her, a living type of the never-ending. Her hair of grisly grey, her russet gown, and all her ancient millinery, are in picturesque accordance with the crumbling stones of the sacred building that rears its tower above her. There are lessons to be learnt, kind readers, from this ex- perienced woman. Accost her, and she will bccome voluble with wisdom. There was a time when the whistle of the steam engine would frighten her from her propriety, but she is reconciled now, although deep are her lamentations still after the old stage waggons. But just mention a wish that the Clmrch should be made to give up her ill-gotten treasures, and like an honest lady live by her own fair earnings. her bony fingers will instantly become clcnched, her haggard countenance will be instinctively fired with an enthusiasm that would become her youth, and you would quickly repent the temerity of your guilty utterance. What you will pull down the Church, will you? You nasty vagabond Have I not been married in the Church, my children christened in the Church, and my poor dear husband buried in the Church ? And here, beneath the walls of the Church, and by the support of the Church, have I not lived, these sixty years come next Michaelmas ? Oh, what will become of me, if you pull down the old Church Where then shall I sell my pippins ?" And she would go on with sundry simi- lar arguments in support of the good old Church, equally as touching, and as absolutely convincing. Just express a wish that some poor culprit, who has been condemned to death by an upright judge and a competent jury," should be spared the horrid infliction, and sent beyond the seas instead, and you will find the grandame draw herself up in attitude dramatically expressive of pity and contempt—pity that any should be found to utter so revolutionary a desire, and con- tempt for such vagaries of the hf ated brain! What, is not 0 the gallows a part of our glorious constitution P Look at the public benefit to be derived from the exhibition. Will it not deter others from similar crimes and then, too, have I not a vested interest in the matter? Who is to reimburse me for my loss of sale in lollypops and pippins ?" Poor old woman, we would not ridicule you. Age shall ever have respect from us. May you live long to polish up the fruit the fruit you have for sale, and sell the fruit you polish. Long live the Church you have loved, not too wisely but too well, and may her beautiful spires lift themselves up taper- iugly to heaven, until the end of time. Aye, may they become multiplied in every coining year, and increase in usefulness. We will help to make them so but then if we promise this, when we try to cheat the gallows of its yic- Ul, you must not scold UK.
illAESTECT. Our correspondent informs us of a very novel scene which took place on Saturday last on the occasion of the annu:il festival of the members of the Ivonte benefit society at the above place—a new dispensation, we presume, of the order, for this seems to be the tirst public demonstration of it. It appears that a goat, gaily dressed and elevated into a small car, was drawn at the head of the procession; a sample, we suppose, of the sages that followed. Our correspondent has strongly animadverted upon the folly and impropriety of such conduct; but we refrain publishing his re- marks, believing with the wise man that (in this instance) the more prudent course would be "not to answer the fool according to his folly." Another correspondent, who signs himself Dryw o'r Llwyni," gives an account of another exhibition which took place the pre- ceding Saturday, namely, the annual procession of the Druids, with their white surplices and unnatural beards. The Dryw" is very severe in his censure upon the venerable Druids and thair exhibitions. There is a remarkable oddness in the appearance and position of the town of Maesteg and its inhabitants, pro- bably, partake of the incongruous character of the place of their abode.
NEATH. We had no police case or petty sessions during the last week. On Saturday, the members of the British Association at Swan- sea, having divided into three bodies, one of whom consisted of the Marquis of Northampton, Sir J. J. Guest, Bart., M.P., and other distinguished persons, came to explore the ruins of the Neath Abbey, where several navigators were employed to remove the rubbish in the ancient chapel, till they came to the old pave- ment of Roman tile, in a beautifnl state of preservation, and which looked as fresh as if it had been put down recently. It consisted of hard baked, clay, glassed similar to the'jugs of the brown ware of the present day, with, numerous devices of arms, &c. The altar and old roads, or communication, supposed to have been con- nected, were in a tolerable state of preservation. About 20 feet from the altar, lying across each other on the floor, were found the remains of two skeletons, the principal part of which, on being handled, fell to dust. These interesting remains have been visited by a great many people; and the Rev. H. II- Knight, rector of Neath, has given some very interesting information connected with the history of this ancient place. CORONER'S INQUEST AND EXHUMATION OF THE BOD'Y.-An inquest was held last Tuesday before Alexander Cuthbertsoa, Esq., coroner, and a respectable jury at the town hall, Neath, to inquire into the cause of the death of John Jenkins, sawyer, aged 28, who died on the 10th instant, and was interred at Summer- field chapel, on the 12th inst. It appears that the deceased was working on Saturday, the 6th instant, and drank a great deal of beer that night, on Sunday, and all day on Monday; and that in the evening of the latter day he had some altercation with one of his comrades, when the latter struck the deceased in the face. On the following morning he complained of being very ill, as lie usually did after drinking to excess, when Mr. Jones, surgeon, was sent for, who immediately pronounced him to be in a danger- ous state of typhus fever accelerated by excessive drinking, and that there were no hopes of his recovery. From a remark he made that he had been injured by other parties, a report became current that his death had been by unfair means, which caused the magistrates to have a disinterment of the body, and a post mortem examination was made in the presence of Messrs. Robert, Wil- liam, and Evan Leygon, aud Mr. Powell, surgeons; and in ac- cordance with the evidence produced, the jury returned a verdict of died by the visitation of God."
MGSTYN. FATAL ACCIDENT ON THE CHESTER AND HOLYHEAD RAILWAY.—On Tuesday last, a boy, named Henry Lewis, aged 15, while crossing the Chester and Holyhead railway, at a place called Sluices, within two miles of the station at Mostyn, was vertaken by the express train and killed on the spot. One of the horses was also killed at the same ti-me. He was warned not to cross over at the time, as the express was expected every minute and when, in the act of crossing, the express made its appearance, the boy, instead of hastily proceeding forward, attempted to back his team, ai d thereby lost his life.
mind of the age. So it is in the case of the Irish leaders. Misfortune has made them demons in the estimation of many; whereas if they had succeeded they would have been regarded as semi-deities. Lamartine, at the head of the Provisional Government, was the idol of the civilised word Lamartine, divested of power, is the bye-word of every hire- ling scribe. John. Mitchell, in Bermuda, is a bloody ruffian John Mitchell, as war minister of the Irish Republic, would have been a great man. Thomas F. Meagher, in ICilmaiuham prison is a degraded rebel; Thomas Francis Meagher, as lord chancellor of the new lie public, would have been the admiration of the world. Smith O'Brien, as a State pri- soner, is said to be a madman Smith O'Brien, as president of the Irish people, would have been the essence of sanity and the consummation of genius. If you wish to be idolized, remember that you must succeed in some daring exploit. If you fail, expect no mercy. We rejoice that the insurrec- tionary designs of the Irish rebels have failed. We thank lira who is higher than the highest, that the green isle has been spared the horrors of a sanguinary con- test; at the same time we are anxious that our readers should take an impartial view of the circumstances, and form their opinions from façts and not from national preju- tlices. The problem how an Irish rebellion is to be treated has been settled ;-that of the Government of Ireland seems as unsatisfactory as ever. Lord John llussell, evidently, knows nothing about it. He talks mere twaddle about paying the priests, but has not the moral courage to propose the mea- sure because he knows it would be defeated. Perhaps Lord John and Pope Pius understand each other. A little work, entitled "Auricular Confession and Popish Nunneries, by William Hogan, published in the United States a few years ago, broadly and unhesitatingly announced that Daniel OCollllell and his agitation for repeal only endeavoured to bring about such a provision. O'Connell, at all events, was a humble tool in the hands of the priests. And it may be that both Plus and the premier are frightened in seeing Protestants, like Smith O'Bricn and Mitchell, setting up as traders on their own account. The rebellion is suppressed, but Ireland is not conciliated. Let our readers not dream of this. We were assured on Saturday last by a bright red Orangeman from the county of Kilkenny that to disarm the population is uterly impossible. Their gun-barrels are filled with tallow and buried deep in the earth until a more convenient season presents itself. The population is as discontented as ever, and it will soon become a serious question for John Bull if it will be worth his while to occupy Ireland with on armed force of 60,000 men. Who wilf pay the piper ? We shall have abundance of martial tunes, but who will pay the piper ? We shall have to pay taxes to keep the Irish quiet at home, and our pockets will be drained to keep them from starving when they come from home in hordes to our seaport zi towns Ireland for the Irish would ruin that unhappy country, but it would lighten the burdens of England to a great extent. The Irish State trials have commenced. Government has made a bad beginning. The jury after being locked up for nearly twenty hours were discharged without agreeing to a verdict in the case of Mr. O'Doherty, one of the proprietors of The Tribune. Probably they may be more fortunate in some of the coming trials. It is, however, an awkward I- ti .omen. Of the statutable guilt of all the prisoners there can be but one opinion; of their moral culpability, it seems the jury are inclined to judge for themselves. This should teach our rulers, that confidence in the administration of justice in Ireland is gone. We may deeply deplore it, but the-fact is legibly inscribed before us. It will be our wisdom to press on the adoption of the legislature some wise and conciliatory measures without delay. Let our rulers t)-!f something besides coercion as a remedy for the emerald isle. Perhaps they may happen to stumble on success.