THE REV. D. CHARLES, B.A., AND THE TAL- GARTH SCHOOL. TO THE EDITOR OF THE PRINCIPALITY. Six,—Presuming the Rev. D. Charles, Trevecca College, would'not condescend to answer your anonymous correspon- dent, who styles himself Bvodor of Gcr Mynydd IWd, in your pwv of last week, andbemgmy self well-acquainted with the locality of Talgarth and the British school in mat place, from the circumstance of my being a real Brodor of Ger MynYttd Troed, which I greatly doubt your correspondent t,) bo, I therefore beg to offer a few short answers to the queries which k- has thought proper to propose. Query 1st What was the whole amount of expense for erecting the British sehool-roem at Talgarth? See the fifth pasre of the first report of the Talgarth British School corn- mittee. If you do not possess a copy, apply to the secretary, for one. 2nd. Was there a worthy and efficient effort made at all to have the school-room free of debt by local subscription ?, Yc= neighbour. \>a, there more than £ 90 debt remaining on the buii'S'at the time the application was made for Govern- ment aid ? Yes, there was more than twice £ 90. 4th How often did the committee meet to arrange how to clear off this trifling sum, but were obliged to leave with- out doing anything, owing to the non-attendance of a cer- tain member of the emmnittee? rn If by a certain member is meant the Rev. D. Charles, I can venture to state that no member has attended more tmr.ciuallv than he. o^h Did +he committee not offer to pledge tnemseh es to find some-means to clear it off, providing their worthy leader shoald'operate, and. give up all thoughts ot Government n- ] » 1 The Rev. I). Charles never declined co-operating with in any plan likely to be for the good oi fith' vi'U it not with tsttch difficulty yon prevailed with the committee to join you in this beggarly excuse ? No, in(leccl, lieM-bour. The Rev. D. Charles made no eftort at all*to prevail upon the ether members of the committee to rec?ive Government aid, as they all equaLy felt the need °*io\lu Would you wish to see the Austrian catechism in- trodrced info the Talgarth British School, or any of the schools that have originated in the exertions of your wortny and immortal ancestor, the Rev. Ilios. Gaaues, Jala Ai e you an advocate of the fine for non-attendance from 20 to 500 fi ancs as in France ? If not, what is your guarantee to V'lies that these things shall not accompany the intor- ference of the English Government with the education of tliy^™re'5pondent might have learnt before this that the council make no inquiry, as to the teaching of ^vP'Hous catechisms whatever, and that it is quite a n^rem-ls-mtation of the minutes of council to state beiore th,' country that Government makes any attempt at mter- ffcrencO'With religious education, and it is a greatpity. that any effort should be made to biinci tne people of A *ks as to t;'aS Sfren, I«f T'™ to ,««• !hat i Mis+pad of being; civil and religious Ov'i Qiiu uupiiS, iijbitdu ui 0 bondsmen/' they find themselves as untetterea as ever with resneet to civil and religious liberty, and I be a ey. the lol- «*arth British School committee would be the last to advo- -te any plan that would at all be lifcely to interfere with the best interests of their countrymen, and your corre- spondent may set himself at ease that continental restrictions will never be adopted in British Schools. Your says that "the fricnds at Talgarth v-il! <nve the Rev. D. Charles the credit of having been the t mover of the British school in that town." That is quite rHht li» was the first mover of the Talgarth British scnool; buV if I am not mistaken, the friends at lalgarthwiil give hhn ered't for more than being the first mover of it, lie nas been also as firm a suppor;er of it as any gentleman in the Fditor be pleased to allow me to state, that it would 1 n'nl'-c b-rer for paries to meet the real merits of iheqnes- tio-! than to'seek for subjects of accusation agamst persons who have proved themselves to be true and faithiul friends to their fellow-countrymen. I remain, on-, ANOTHER BRODOR OF G- Ll, MYNYDD TROED. August Is', :8:18.
THE REYEREND~IRGRIFFITIIS AND THE EDUCATIONAL QUESTION. TO THE EDITOR OF THE PRINCIPALITY. Cr-o Mr. Rees, of Llanellv, has not replied to Mr. •ka0e XJ-ccon letter, which appeared in the PRINCI- 44 I trust it will not be deemed improper to offer a few remarks on that letter through your column-. Had Mr G. confined lnmsolf to the questions proposed bv Mr il«es I would not have taken up my pen on the sub- by MI. > forward with a theory of popular to opinion, with Government ddi'ul' 'roli'«™s liberty, I thiuk it demands a candid Summation." btt two years many eonfceting opinions have been stated on the subject of education, and party spirit may have occasionally embittered the contro- versy. Much as I value the peace of the denomination, and the welfare of Brecon College, yet I do not wish any man to In 'forego the expression of his opinions in order to preserve the one or the other; and I believe it is not necessary to be of one mind on the educational question in order to co-operate on other matters more purely religious. However, if unani- mity be attainable, it is much to be desired. If, therefore, a friendly statement of the difficulties and objections which rise up in my mind on perusing Mr. G.'s ]etter will draw from him a farther explanation of his views, I may aid somewhat to bring about that unanimity which we all desire. Respecting the province of the schoolmas: er, he says, "The children are his only so far as they arevleft him by their natural and religious guardians. His work is purely reversionary, that is, it begins precisely where the others end." With this definition before me, I concluded,-the parent is o teach virtue, the pastor is to communicate reli- gious instruction, and then the schoolmaster to teach those branches of secuiar knowledge, which do not interfere with the province of the parent or the pastor. But proceeding a little fur- ther, this conclusion was forced away by the following definition of the schoolmaster's problem:—"How, without entrenching on the special relationships of individuals, or interfering with any ex- isting organizations, we can best promote the cultivation of virtue, manhood in its widest sense, so as to fit our children for the mul- tirlex requirements of life." Here man is to be taught virtus, manhood in its widest sense, without considering him in relation to God or immortality The scheme appears to me very undesirable if it be practicable. I do not wish to make day-schools arena s for theological controversy or denominational instruction, but I think the schoolmaster should so teach and so discipline the children as to think that they are responsible to God for their conduct, and that the Holy Scriptures is God's revealed rule of conduct for man. Although our country is richly blest with scriptural information," yet the immoralities which everywhere abound prove that the scripture is not generally used as a rule by which to judge of per- sonal and relative duties. As a minister, I should feel that a schoolmaster, whose primary object was the formation of character on New Testament principles, would contribute much to my com- fort and usefulness, and would consider that day one fraught with peril to the church and nation that made it the duty of th e school- master, as such, to do nothing for the children commit edlo his charge as immortal and responsible spirits. We find parents commanded to bring their children up in the nurture and admonition of the Lord." Mr. G. says, Itelation- ships cannot be delegated, nor can the obligations they involve be encroached upon with impunity. Is it meant to assume that as the parents, who preside over the HEARTH, are to provide for the physical wants of their children, so the priests, who minister at the ALTAR. are to give religious instruction to all children without ask- ing any parent's consent ? We find it necessary to have the con- sent of the child's religious guardians" before the schoolmaster can act. I cannot bring myself to believe that Mr. G. is ready to assert scch powers for the priesthood, and yet I can make no- thing else of those expressions in his letter. Supposing the parent delegates to the pastor, what prevents his delegating to the school- master, or the Sunday-school teacher as wall, without considering the one or theother his rival or substitutesurely the Dissenting I ministers do not consider that their teaching supersedes the neces- sity for religious instruction e\y/families and why should it super- sede the necessity of mli.guius training in day schools, unless to make out a ,-nlausible case for State aid ? I, for one, think there cacnot be too many agencies at work (provided they be of the right sort) in training children and men for another world. Mr. G. objects to the schoolmaster's being an ecclesiastical officer." If by "ecclesiastical" is meant belonging to a church, I agree with him but if it be meant to say, that he has no mo e to do with religion than a parish surgeon or town police, I differ. A schoolmaster, whose office is not more religious than that of a policeman, cannot promote virtue, manhood in the widest sense of the word." But this secular teaching of virtue, according to Mr. G., should be undertaken by Government; therefore let the work be left to it, for "it is of utmost importance that it should clearly understand the nature of its work, for the moment it attempts to go beyond it, it falls into danger. Let it not be forgotten, others have their mission as well as itself, and with their duties it should not intermeddle." But Mr. G. will not allow us thus to particu- larize his general principles, for, speaking of local committees, he says, Where it can be done effectively by voluntary subscriptions, I trust our friends will not think of applying to Government." Why? Of Mr. G.'s r'ght to act on his conscientious convictions I have no doubt, and hope I mny never blame him for doing so and if he can produce a scheme of State education compatible with she strictest of religious liberty, which I very strongly doubt, he would again have to show that such scheme was consis.. tent wiih religious liberty before he could command our adhesion. The Normal School at Brecon is a religious institution. Those who supported applying for Government aid did not propose to se- cularise that iristitutioil and if they had done so, I am confident they would not have a third of the subscribers to support them. I should like to see more from Mr. Griffiths's pen. I am open to conviction. Three years have not yet passed since he expressed his regret that the committee of the British and Foreign School Society had been persuaded to accept £ 750 annually from Govern- ment for the Borough-road Normal School. At that time he ad- vocated the Welsh Normal School as a religious institution, with- out hinting any dislike to its constitution. If, therefore, by reflec- tion and reading, his views have undergone a complete change, let him state his views and reasons, and the more frankly and unre- servedly he expresses them the greater respect will I feel for him as a man and a tutor. Yours, &c., July 29th, 1848. S. EVANS, Penygroes.
THE ASPECT OF THE TIMES. Who is the Oliver Cromwell of the present age ? This is a question which lately appeared in the Evangelical Maga- zine. On seeing it the writer was led into a train of curious reflections, and he thought at the time that it called for some notice. My present observations upon it, partaking as they must more of the political than of the ecclesiastical, are more suitable for the columns of a newspaper than the pages of a religious organ. A general analogy runs through all the departments: of the universe but it were quite irrelevant to our theme to trace them all on the present occasion. Suffice it now merely to con- sider man in his intellectual capacity, as bearing some re- semblance to the brute. This may appear, at first sight, insulting to the reason of the lord of the creation, and anta- gonistic even to the arrangements of the Creator, whose order in all cases is that matter should be subordinate to spirit— the body to the soul—the natural passions to the moral sen- timents but it is not exactly in this sense that we would institute a comparison now it is not the comparing of man's mind with the brute's instinct; but the intellect of man with the body of the irrational creature Geologists have found immense skeletons of animals in the earth, whose species are extinct. When they existed, the present races of creatures probably were not so numerous as they are now. The former lived as'long as their being was necessary. When the object 0 of their existence was obtained, they were no longer required, they would have been ctmiberers of the ground perhaps, as the surface of the globe and the temperature of the atmo- sphe; e became changed, they could not continue to exist. Our subject will be more simple and clear by viewing human society in reference to the brute creation. Time was, in respect to which it might be said, there were giants in those days." Here is the analogy. Those geological mon- sters which once lived on our earth may be compared to the many distinguished individuals who flourished in different and distant ages of the past-whether heroes, philosophers, poets, or orators. To go back no more than two or three centuries, the power of action centered only in some rare characters. A single individual was an embodiment of a system; the masses were only so many faint satellites, lost in the obscurity of a confused galaxy. The master-spirit contained the motive power, whilst the great multitude were but a kind of material machinery, set in motion by the im- pulse of a single mind mens agitat molem. Let this principle be applied to every department of human greatnes, cœter¿s panbus, with regard to circumstances, and the result in e\"o") case will be the same. This experimental test, if we may so call it, solves the ques- tion that heads this article. Cromwell was to the Common- wealth what Luther was to the Reformation; both were champions in their respective spheres. The generality, of the people were ignorant and inert in their day—not so now: the march of intellect has progressed with rapid strides; knowledge and activity are now universally distributed—no longer lodged in a few renowned men here and there; so that now we may say in a perfectly defined rejoinder to the ques:ion at issue, that the Oliver Cromwell ^of the present day has, by a mysterious metempsychosis, found a "local habitation, in public opinion. The constant development and application of this abstract and practical thing is quite sufficient to bring about every reform in our civil polity that is required. Every deviation from the settled order of Providence must prove futile; because out of place and un- natural. The few animals contained in a single farmyard are more useful than the huge megatherium of antidiluvian date. A would-be Cromwell in our day must be "mute and in- glorious," "guiltless of his country's blood," or run the risk of resting his bones in the soil of Bermuda. J.
MOSEY MARKET. LONDON, TUESDAY EVENING. The premium on gold at Paris is 10 per mille, which, at the English Mint price Of E3 17s. lOd. per ounce for,standard gold, gives an exchange of 2.5,10; and the exchange at Paris on London at short being 25.30, it follows that gold is 0.4.0 per cent, dearer in Paris than in London. The English funds opened this morning at an advance of a quar- ter per cent, on yesterday's prices, and in consequence of the intel- ligence from Ireland and Italy, they experience temporarily a fur- ther improvement. The first quotations of Consols was 87 k to t, whence they rose to 87A, but the bad weather, coupled with the recent victory obtained by the Italians, caused a reaction, and at the close of business they were again at 87 b to 1 both for money and account. The foreign stock-market was slightly better, but the operations were limited. In the foreign exchanges to-day the rates for Holland and Paris were rather lower, while Hamburgh was considerably so; other places remained about the same. The amount of business transacted was not large. The railway-market, which was firmly supported at the com- mencement of business, relapsed towards the close of the day. WEDNESDAY EVENING. The public securities are quiet this morning, but the opinion is favourable to an advance, provided the weather continues fine. Indeed were foreign politics not unsettled we should have a very decided and speedy change for the better, while sunshine prevails.
FROM THE LONDON GAZETTE. DIVIDEND.—J. Phillips, Llanellv, Breccnshire, grocer, first div. of9d.; at Mr. Miller's, Bristol, Wednesday, August 2, 9, and 16, or any subsequent Wednesday after October 7.
LONDON CORN EXCHANGE. MONDAY, JULY 31.—We had a large supply of wheat to-day from Essex and Kent. At first of the market our millers showed more inclination to purchase, and fine qualities obtained fully Is. per quarter above last Monday's prices, but towards the close of business the trade was duller, and some quantity remained unsold. In foreign free Wheat very little passing, but higher prices I ere asked. Flour remained without alteration. We had rather more demand for grinding barley at Is. advance. Malt dull sale. Fine beans and peas were fully as dear. The arrivals of Oats being more limited to-day, we had a better sale for good fresh qualities at 6d. to Is. advance since Monday last.
QUOTATIONS. s. s. Wheat, red 42 to 51 Fine 0. 0 White 42 57 Fine 0 o Flour, per sack (Town) 36 49. Barley 26 30 Malting- — 30 Malt, Ordinary 54 .56 Pale 54 58 Rye 27 30 s. s. Peas, Tlog to .M:lWlc 33 36 IS. s. Boilers. 36 3S Beans, Ticks 29 31 Pigeon 33 35 Harrow 31 .34 Oats, Fced 16 19 Fine — 23 Poland IS .22 I-'otato 20 23 WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 2.-0wing chiefly to the favourable change Îl the weather for harvest work, and the comparatively small numbers of buyers in attendance, the demand for all kinds of wheat of home produce was by no means active. Still, however, the whole of the supply was readily disposed of, at prices equal to those paid on Monday. We had a very firm inquiry for barley, the best samples of which produced a trifle morr money. Malt was slow in sale, but not cheaper. There was a better inquiry for Oats, at a rise in the quotations of quite 6d. per quarter. Beans, Peas, Indian Corn and Flour had an upward tendency. -.J.r-oJ'V'>JV'VV'V'V'VV'VV'V'V'
SMITIIFIELD. LONDON, MONDAY, JULY 31.—Notwithstanding the supply of home-fed beasts on otter exhibited a falling off', compared with that shown on this day se'nnight, the beef trade, owing to the prevailing damp and changeable weather, was in a very sluggish state, at, in most instances, a decline in the quotations of 2d. per 81bs. Price per stone of 81bs. (sinking the offal). Beef 3; 2d to 4s 4d Veal 3a. 6d.to4s. 6d. Mutton 3 10 5 0 Pork 3 10 4 6 Lambs 4 4 5 6 | HEAD OF CATTLE AT SMITHFIELD. Beasts. Slieep & Lambs. Calves. Pigs. Monday. 3,6G7 28,7SO 398 255 "v"A.V"A
LIVERPOOL CORN EXCHANGE. TUESDAY, AUGUST 1.—There was a fair sale for Flour at an improvement of Is. per sack oi Irish, and 6d. per barrel on Ameri- can and Canadian. Oats being extremely scarce were 2d. per 451b dearer, and Oatmeal was heidfor Is. to Is. 6d. per load advance, which checked the demand.
-r'V.rvv'" PROVISION MARKET. MOXDA Y, JULY 31.—We have experienced an improved demand for Irish butter Prices advanced Is. to 2s. per cwt, and the market closed with a firm and healthy appearance. Our market for English butter is become very sick for all except fine and fresh goods. The stale butters now coming to hand are neglected, although the holders would submit to a reduction in price. a Butter, per cwt. s. s. Dorset 50 to 52 Carlow 81 — Siigo 80 84 Cork, Ist 84 86 Watevford 82 — Limerick 83. Foreign, prime— Friesland 93 — Kiel Fresh Butter, per dozen, lis. Od. to 13s. Od. Cheese, per twt. S s. s. Double Gloucester 60 to 7o Single 46 56 Cheshire 56 74 Derby 62 66 American 50. 51 Kdam and Gouda 46 5S Bacon, new 78 iiiiddle 50 60 riaias, Irish 82 Westmoreland 80 84 Yorkshire 84 90 "v-vv,
LONDON SEED MARKET. MONDAY, JULY 31.—No particular change occurred in the value of seeds. Rape was offered about El per last lower, without exciting attention. Quotations of other a) tides remained much the same as before. BRITISH SEEDS. Clovcrseed, red 30s. to 40s. fine, 43s. to 48s. white, 30s. to 50s. Cow Grass 30s. to 52s. Linseed (per qr.) sowing 56s. to 60s. crushing, 42s. to 488. Linseed Cakes (per 1,000 of 31bs. each). 1;11 10s. to E12 10s. Trefoil (per c-,N,t.) 15s. to 21s. Ilapeseed, new (per last). X27 to Ditto Cake (per ton) £ o 15s. to Mustard (per bushel) white. 6s. to 9s.; brown 8s. to 10s. Canary (per quarter). 73s. to 75s. fine 75s. to 78s. Tares, Spring, per bushel. 5s. 6d. to 6s. 6d. "í"
WOOL MARKET. CITY, MONDAY, JULY 31.—The imports of wool into London last week wore 11,436 bales. The market has been rather quiet, owing to the political excitement. In Leeds a fair extent of business has been done in foreign wools again during the past week; and in consequence of the advanced rates which have been already paid in the German markets since the fairs, prices here have also evinced somewhat of an improving tendency. We have not any change ia the Home market to report this week. Prices are firm and stationary.
.J.v.V-V-V"'o/V'vv,vv"v.r.V"V-J'V • HOPS, BOROUGH, MONDAY, JULY 31.—Our market remains without alteration, and prices arc firmly maintained at the annexed quota- tions :— Sussex Pockets 42s. to 46s. Weald of Kents 44s. to 50s. Mid. and East Kents. 48s. to 110-°. I-
TALLOW. LONDON, MONDAY, JULY 31.—Although the deliveries continue good, and the stock is small, the market is very quiet, at but little alteration in prices. P.Y.C. on the spot, is quoted at 44s. for old, and 44s. 6d. per cwt. for new. For delivery, there are sellers at 42s. 6d. per cwt. Town Tallow, 43s. Gd. to 44s. net cash. Rough fat 2s. 3d. per 81bs. The shipments this season from St. Peters- burgh have been thirty thousand casks against twenty-eight thou-
sand nine hundred ditto, at the same time last year. MIEACT The prices of Wheatcn Bread in the metropolis are from 7d. to nd. of household ditto, 5d. to 6|d. per 4ibs. loaf. .v.V,
HIDES. LEADENIIALL.—Market hides, 561b. to 641b., ljd. to 2d. per lb.: ditto, 641b. to 721b., 2d. to 2]d.: ditto, 721b. to 801b., 24d. to 2:1d.. ditto, 801b. to 881b., 21d. to iJeL: ditto, 831b. to 96ib., 3,ld to 3,'d! • ditto, 961b. to 1041b, 3ul. to 31(t. Calf-skins, each 4s. 6d. to 5s. OCt. Horse hides, 8s. 6d. to Os.; Lamb Skins, Is. 6d. to 2s. 7d. Shear- lings, 9d. to Is. 2d.
HAY. SMITHPIELD, JULY 29.—At per load of thirty-six trusses, meadow, 6 !s. to 8«s. new, dittn, 45s. to 68s. clover, 80^. to 100*. now, ditto, 7(ls. to 80s.; straw, 25s. to 3%.
=- -a COLONIAL MARKETS. TUESDAY, AUGUST I.-The sugar market has opened with A very firm appearance, and prices have an upward tendency fully 6d. advance has been established upon the average prices of last week. Seven hundred hhds.' of West India sold ia the private con- tract market. Two thousand bags Mauritius, three thousand bags Bengal, and six thousand bags Madras sold with spirit in the publie tract market. Two thousand bags Mauritius, three thousand bags Bengal, and six thousand bags Madras sold with spirit in the publie *™es* Refined has also been in good demand; standard quality, o3s. 6d., 54s. T. Coffee has gone off steadily at last week's currency. Rice has been held by importers with firmness, and nearly all ottered in public sale to-day has been bought in. Good middling white Bengal, 12s. Od. good cargo, 10s. (9s. 6d. offered) Arrakan, for exportation, only 9s. 6d. Pimento sold steadily at 4d. Rum has been in improved demand; buyers of proof Leewards at Is. 8d. Tea continues firm, with a fair home consumption.
WELSH MARKETS. PONTYPRIDD. AUGUST 2.—Wheat, 8s. Od. to 8s. 6d. per bushel; Barley, 4p-. 61.; Oats, Os. Od. to Os. Od.; Beef, 6d. to 64d. per lb. Mutton, Cd. to 7d: Lamb, 7d. to Od. Veal, 5d. to 6id. Fresh Butter, Is. 2d. to Os. Od. Salt, ditto, Is.' Old. Cheese, 5d. to 7d.; Potatoes, Is. Od. per quarter; Cabbage, Is. 2d. per dozen; Eggs, lOd. per dozen; beans, 4d. per quarter. CARMARTHEN. JULY 29.—Our market to-day is nearly the same as last weeli Wheat, 6s. 6d. to 7s. Od. per win. Barley, 3s. 9d. to 4s. 2d. per win.; Oats, 2s. Od. to 2s. 3d. per win; Butter, 8jd. to 84 d. per lb.; Cheese, £ 110s. Od. to El Ils. Od. per cwt. New Cheese, jEl 2s. Od. to £ 1 3s.; Beef, 4d. to, 6ic1. perlb. j Mutton, 5jd. to 6(1. Lamb, 5d. to 6d.; Veal, 3-Jd. to 6d. Cow Hides, Hd. per lb. Tallow, lid. to Ocl. per lb.; Fowls, Os. lOd. to Is Od. each; Ducks, Is. 6d. to 2s. 2d. Eggs, three for 2d.; Potatoes, id. per lb. Fish, Sewin, 6d. per lb.; Salmon, 7d.; Peas, 31d. per quart; Beans, 2d. î -t"4v IIA VERFORDWEST. J JULY 29. Wheat, 5s. 9d. to 7s. 6d.; Barley, 4s. to 4s.6d.; Beef, 6d. to 7d Mutton, fid. to 6id.; Veal, 3d. to 5d.; Lamb, 4|d- o i n 1 1 /'iSlxtceu ounees> 8d. to 104d.; ditto, twenty ounces., 0s. lOd. to Is Id.; Eggs, thirty for Is.; Ducks, 2s. Od. to 2s 3d. per couple; I owls, Is. 6d. to 2s. Od. ditto. CARDIGAN. JULY 29.—Wheat, 6s. to 7s. 6d. per win.; Barley, 4s. to 4g. 6d.: Oats, 2s. to Os. Od. Beef, 5d. to 6d. Mutton, od. to 6d.; Veal, 4d to od. Lamb, 5d. to Od. Fresh butter, lOd. to Is. Salt, 7id. ta 8d. Cheese, new, 18s. to 20s. per cwt. The potato disease ilS harm V°ry last 111 tllls neighbourhood, and is likely to do much NEWPORT. jUIiY 29.-Beef, 6.Jd. to 7d. perlb. Mutton, 6Jd. to 7(1; j Veal, 6id. to 7d. Lamb, 7d. to Oel.j new Potatoes, 5d. to 7d. per quarter; green Peas, lOd per peck; Gooseberries, Ljd. per quart • Wine' berries, 2,jd. per ditto Broad Beans, 6d. per peck; Fresh Butter Is. 2d. salt ditto, Is. to Is. Id.; Cheese, 6d. to 8jd. -UUUer> MERTHYR. JULY 29.-Becf, 5d. to 6tl.; Mutton, 6d. to6Jd.; Veal 5d, to Lamb,5d. to 6d. Pork, 6d. to Od.; Cheese, 4d. to Sd Butter Salt, Od. to IOd. Fresh, Hid. to Is. Od. Potatoes eight pounds for 6d. Onions 2d. per lb. Apples, Is. to 3s. per hundred; Pears, Is. per hundred Cherries, 3d. per lb. Currants 4d Pease, 4d. per quarter; Beans, 3d. per quart. Gooseberries IAIll to 2d. per quart; Eggs, ten for 6d.; Fowls, 2s. 0d., to 2s 6d* per couple. v RAILWAY STATioN-YAKD.-Hay, 4s. 6d. to 4s. 9d. per cwt. straw, 168.; chaff os. duchess slates, 17s. 6d. princesses, 198.6:1. per hundred; yellow-pine, Is. 5d. red pine, 2s. per paTing stones, Is. 6d. to 2s. per square yard bricks, 5s. to 6s. per hundred n.ttwood, 00s. per cord; laths, 16s. per thousand Welsh tiles 4*' 6d. per hundred coal, Is. per draught, or 7s. per ton SWANSEA. JULY 29.—Wheat, 7s. Od. to 8s. Od. Barlev, 4s. Od to 4s. 8d Oats, 2s. 8d. to 3s. 4d. per I)iishol.-Meat (per lb., to sink the offal); Beef, prime, 6d. good, 5ld. inferior, 5d. Mutton prime, 61d. good, 6d. inferior, 5Jd. Veal, prime, 6<1,; good, •5id. inferior, 4kl. Pork, prime, 53d. good, Sid. inferior 5d Lamb, prime, 6id. good, 6d.; Fresh Butter (i9oz.), Is. Id. t» Is. 2d. Salt ditto, in cask, 9d. to 91d. per lb. skim milk Cheese, old, 3Jd. to 4jd. per Ib; new, ditto, 2^d. to 3Jd. per lb. Fowls, 2s. Od. to 3s. Od. per couple; Chickens, Is. IOd. to 2s. 8d. per couple Ducks, 3s. Od. to 4s; 6d. per couple; Eggs, nino for 6d.; Potatoes, id. to Id. per lb. CARNARVON. JULY 29.—Wheat, 54s. to 563.; Barley, 30s. to 31s.; Oatmeal, 2/s. to 29s. Beans, 72s. to 80s; Longpod, per bushel, 16; to 16s Vetches, per Cibbyn, 2s. 6d. to 3s. v. MOLD. JULY 29.—Wheat, per hobbet, 19s. 6d. to20s. 0d.; Oats. 7s. Od. 7s. 6d.; Barley, 12s. Od. to 12s. 6d. Vetches, 0s'. OD. to 0s. Od. Beef 6d. to 7d. Mutton, 6d. to 7d.; Veal, Bel, to 6d. Bacon, 7d. to 8d. Ham, 8d. to IOd. Potatoes, per hobbet 0s. Od*. to os. od.; Butter, Fresh, lOd. to lid.; Salt, 9cl. to KM Eggs, fourteen for 6d.; Ducks, per couple, 2s. to 2s. 6d.; Fowls, is- gcl. to 2s. Od.
53irt|3S. Lately, at Milford, the lady of A. B. Starbuck, Esq., of a On the 9th ult., the wife of the Itev. II. Griffiths, President the Inde. pendent College, Brecon, of a daughter. On the 22nd ult., the wife of Mr. 1). Thomas, painter, of this town of a daughter. On the 27th ult., the lady of Thomas Evans, Esq., surgeon, ef this town of a son. On the 2/th ult., at Llansanffraed, the lady of J. Arthur Jones, Esq,of Llanarth, of a daughter. On the 28th ult., the wife of Mr. John Green, Bridg-e-street, Haverford- west, of a daughter. On the 29th ult., at Victoria-place, Haverfordwest, the lady of Thomas. Hughes, Esq., manager of Messrs. Wilkins and Co.'s bank, of » On the 31st ult., Mrs. William Williams, tobacconist and fruiterer, street, Merthyr, of a son, a r v iz, On the 12th ult., at the office of the Superintendent Registrar, Bristol Mr. John Morgan, of Machynlleth, to Miss A. Davies, of Roath hum, near this- town. On the 22nd ult., at St. Mary's church, Newport, Pembrokeshire, by the Rev. 1,1. Ll. Thomas, Captain David Davies, schooner Jane of Milford, to Miss Mary Havard, of Danvdre, both of Newport, Pembrokeshire. On the 25th ult., at St. John's church, in th's town, by the itev. Thomas Stacey, M.A., vicar of Gellygacr, Frederick Bull, Esq., captain of the 52nd Light Infantry, to Eleanor Lockhart, only child of the late Kcv. John Wil. liams, rector of St. Andrew's, Glamorganshire. On the 26th ult., at Carmarthen, Mr. Richard Tucker, late of London, porter merchant, to Jane, second daughter of Mr. John Willkms, King- street, Carmarthen. On the 31st ult., at Sardis chapel, Pontypridd, by the Rev. Griffith. Jones in the presence of Registrar Powell, Mr. John Richards, to Elisabeth Boyle, Waun-yr-Erw. iteatfeu. On the 21st ult., at Conway, aged 76, Mrs. Margaret Williams, of Lower Gate-street. The deceased was one of the oldest and most respectable mem- bers of the Calvinistic Methodist Connexion. On the 22nd ult., while at briakfast, of apoplexy, Mrs. Leigh, of Marble Hall, IJmdly, aged 68 years; and within four hours afterwards, a ter a lingering illness, her husband, Mr. Daniel Leigh, aged 73 years. On the 24th ult., in his 50th year, Mr. Thomas Williams, tamioi-, of Tylnm (formerly of Verwig), near Cardigan, leaving a large family to d. plore their loss. On the 26tli ult., aged two years and a half, the oaly child of James Cavil], foreman to Messrs. Spiller and Browne, flour merchants, Newport. On the 27th ult., at Cardiff, Ann, the beloved wife of Mr. James Hawkins late principal light keeper on the Flat Holmes, aged 68. On the 28th ult., after a lingering illness, the wife of Mr. John Prickett Haverfordwest, aged 57. On the 29tll ult., very suddenly, at Cardigan, in her 51st year, Mrs. Ann Thomas, widow of the late Mr. D. Thomas, ironmonger, Pendre, leaving sè. veral children to bemoan the less of a very kind and indulgent mother. On the 1st inst., at King's Castle, Cardiff, Mr. Job James, aged 39. On the 1st inst., at'his father-in-law's residence, Penarth, Mr. William Edes, carpenter, of this town.. On the Snd inst., at York-place, Swansea, "William Pearse, youngest sou of Mr., G. P Ivcy. Printed and published by. the Proprietor, DATID EVANS, at his Office No. 7, North-street, (near the Savings Bank,) in the town ofCai dilF, hi the parish of St, John the Baptist, Glimor^anshire. Friday, August 4, isis.
abolition waste all their sympathy on the guilty wretched culprit; but this is an unjust charge, and liKe alLother n-j founded fabrics will, in due time, fall to the ground. Tar, far be the thought from any one, that the man woo could lay raurderotvs hands on a fellow-being should again walk af large in' the enjoyment of liberty. But is it not an uiideni- able fact, that many a hardened transgressor (because of the present state of the law) escapes wholly from any PunisJl" ment. -as the jury have no alternative left them but to sacri- tee life? 1 W here it is possible for an able counsellor to conjure lip a doubt, by any means, just or. unjust, even when the prisoner at the bar stands charged with staining his hands with human blood, any twelve men of kind feelings and religious senti- ments will give that man the benefit of the slightest doubt that may come athwart their minds, rather than be the means ,Of con sigi-,iiig one with all his sins on his head to a premature jj-rave. There is a strong natural disinclination, in all good to convict in capital cases; whereas, if the punishment awarded to offenders tell short of death, no one would hesi- "tate under full conviction to bring in a verdict of guilty. But Mr. Editor, as I intend, with your leave, writing a few letters in the PRINCIPALITY, on this subject, to call the notice of the vo'jno" to the evil3 of those laws that take away life, I shall "close" this letter by congratulating the public at large, and especially the Christian people of Cardiff, on their happy escape from the painful ordeal of looking at ticusand^ wend- ing their way through the streets, and rushing on with the greatest amdetv to witness that disgusting scene—that most IdiV.ful spectacle—a low functionary of the law, a. hangman lea In? a fellow-creature to the scaffold; and taere, with mur- derous hands, one unfeeling wretch puts another to a violent •<Wth' I will not insult the feelings of men of common sense by supposing that any of them would have been pre- sent- but I would ask, what is it that leads such vast multi. tildes to these murderous scenes ? Is it to gratify their eyes by gazing on the agoniea of one in the last throes of strlg- convulsed nature ? No one attends for the sake of im- bibing a moral lesson. No one looks upon that horrid mou- .,iiter-tlie hangman—with a view to be alarmed out of ms (•lrtchea' Wh*t is it then that leads the throng to the place of execution ? What is that morbid desire to witness the most horrid of tragedies? What are those amazing propen- sities to gr-tify the most base, the most vitiated, and unna- tural appetites? They are not prompted by feelings of pity towards the culprit; nor by any regard to the law that sacri- fices his life. n-hold th» multitudes meet to witness the most degrading performance-a legal murder. The thief is there, and reaps his harvest under the scaffold; the abandoned female is there the debauchee is there; and all decency is outraged while'the law-officers go through a brutal mimicry of solemn things. Is not the whole scene a moral stain upon a country that stands in the midst of all the kingdoms of the world un- rivalled for its charitable, humane, aad glorious institutions. Mr Editor, I rejoice greatly in the success which has attended the efforts of the people of Cardiff to save the life of two immortal beings. Who can tell that the mercy of Heaven may not yet be extended to them. LYMRO JDACH.