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'-CALENDAR OF OPERATIONS.—AUGUST.
CALENDAR OF OPERATIONS.—AUGUST. August has long been depicted as a rosy maiden, crowned with a wreath of fruits and flowers, and holding in her Z!5 hand the sickle and the wheat-sheaf. Do not let the corn become too ripe before you begin to cut; it is a very com- Z) mon error, and is attended with several disadvantages the crops all become ripe together—the labourers cannot cut with sufficient rapidity—much seed is lost—and, if wet comes on, the corn sooner sprouts—the days get shorter- the night dews increase-seed sowing is retarded. Turnip hoeing, however, must now be going on. and on no account neglected, for on this depends more than one har- vest of the farmer. Coleseed, or better, the six weeks' turnips," may also be sown this month in some of the earliest 8tubbles that are cleared. The practice of the Flemish farmers is admirable; they grow rye or early peas for the purpose of succeeding these by transplanted rape or cabbage, which they, immediately after planting, Water with their liquid manure. In harvesting corn, prefer stacking. Wheat, 11 the farmer's chief hope," and barley, are safer from vermin when on frames; the sample is always of a better colour, and you may cart it earlier for stacking than for the barn. Beans, without they lay some days before they are tied, must be in small sheaves, and then hardly any weather will hurt them. Turn the ram to the ewes for early fat lambs. Stock- farmers now sell off their lambs aa.d draft ewes. Wether flocks should now have good keep to forward them for tur- nips. Sows should farrow this month. Ir-you have spare time, collect the earth upon which you intend to form your compost heaps; this can hardly be done with too much care. The practice of mixing earth with chalk or marl, and well p 0 mixing them with the plough or spade for some months before the dung heap is formed on it, is excellent. These earth beds should be formed deeper at the sides than in the centre, to allow of some of it being spared for covering over the heaps. I will here introduce the description recom- mended by Mr. Blackie, of the best mode of forming dung heaps, or pies in turnip fields, so as to prevent, as much as possible, the waste of gaseous matter during the fermentation of the manure. When," said this intelligent agriculturist, ifr is found necessary to empty the dting-yards early in the season, I recommend that preparations should be made in the usual way for the reception of the dang heaps in the in- tended turnip fields, by collecting large heaps of clay, marl, Z3 t5 or such other materials. The bottoms for the heaps should not, however, be laid above six or eight inches thick of the earthly material, and a good quantity of it should be placed in rows on each side of the bottoms marked out; the dung should then be drawn out of the yards a id placed upon the bottoms, but not in the usual way of 'hvowing it up loosely to cause fermentation on the contrary, by drawing the carts with their loads upon the heaps for the purpose of compress- ing the dung, thereby retarding fermentation. One or two men should remain constantly at the heaps while the teams are at work, on purpose to spread and level the dung regu- larly, so as to render the ascent easy for the succeeding teams as they come with their loads. If the dung has not been previously mixed in the yards it should be so in draw lug to the heaps, by taking up a few loads from one yard, and then a few from another alternately; and even from the same yard the loads of dung should be taken from different parts alternately, for the dung is not of equal quality, nor made with the same regularity in all parts of the yard. The coal ashes, road scrapings, and all other collections of manure about the farm-house should also be carried to these dung h ;aps, and when the heaps are raised es'high as convenient for the horses to draw up, several leads should be shot up at the ends of the heaps for the purpose of making them up to the square of the centre; the whole heaps should be then completely covered with the marl and clay, or soil previously collected by the sides the heaps, so as effectually to enclose the dung-heaps in crusts, and they are thenceforth denomi- nated pies. In these the dung will be preserved in a very perfect state, with little or no fermentation, and without loss by exhalation or evaporation. The pies, within ten days or a fortnight of the time it was wanted for the turnip ground, should be turned carefully over, and the crust, top, bottom, and sides, intimately mixed up with the dung. When the turning is completed with the natural soil around the heaps, again wet the heaps all over; the pies will then undergo a gentle fermentation, the earth intermixed with and covering the dung will absorb the juices and gaseous matters produced," and the compost come out in a fine state of preparation for using on the turnip lands. With skilful management, and under ordinary circum- stances, one ton of dry straw is found to produce about three tons of manure, so that as the common weight of straw per acre is about one ton and a half, the straw grown upon that extent of land should yield about four tons and a half cf ccfmpi st. This is a good- time, especially if the weather is moist, to r3 p improve poor worn out pastures, either by sowing grass seeds or by using the sub-turf plough, or both; rye and winter barley for spring feed, should be sown this, month, and towards the end a small crop of tares for first feeding. C. W. JOHNSON.
THE COTTAGE GARDENER—AUGUST.
THE COTTAGE GARDENER—AUGUST. G HETTAL OPERATIONS.—Hoe and thin out all the small crop». Hoe well all transplanted crops; weed where wanted. Dea oy snails, slugs and grubs. Plant out coleworts, and 0 all winter articles, as fast as you can obtain ground, that they may attain strength and substance before the chilly rains and nights come on. Cut, gather, dry, and store pot and medicinal herbs. Gather seeds. Tie up endive. Pull up, dry, and house your onions, as fast as the leaves decay. If the quantity is but small, the cottager may rope them on sticks, when dry, of evenings, and hanging them up in a dry, airy place, they will keep better than any other way; and in this way they are always ready for sale or use. Celery may still be planted. Cabbages, if not sown last month, must be sown the first week in this. COLEWORTS.-This is a good time to plant out coleworts for autumn and winter Use, spinach. From about the 7th to the 21st of this month sow a principal crop of spinach. Sown now, it will be in use and may be gathered to the end of May. It requires good land, which must be well ma- nured. It may be sown broadcast, or in drills about five or six inches apart. When the plants are up they must quickly be hoed out to that distance, and afterwards be kept en- tirely free from weeds, and often hoed deeply in the spring. There is a sort called the Flanders spinach which is the best. MICHAELMAS ONIONS.—Onions sown at this time are called Michaelmas onions. They are sown now thickly in beds to stand the winter, to use small and green in the spring, for salads with radishes and lettuces. About the middle of the month is the time preferable for sowing. The best way is to sow them on good ground, not too rich, and it must not be expressly manured for them. Sow about an ounce of seed to every four square yards, on beds of about four feet wide, nicely worked and raked; cast up the mould from the sides of the bed lightly over the seed about half an inch in thickness, then tread the beds completely over, rake them, and then tread them again. They will require weed- ing in about a month. The best sorts to sow for this pur- pose are the Lisbon, Reading, and Deptford onions. HARDY LETTUCES.—Towards the middle of the month hardy lettuces should be sown, to plan out in October to stand the Winter, for early spring use. The white coss and other tender sorts will not do for this purpose. The brown coss and the hardy yellow coss, also the Hammersmith hardy green, and grand admirable cabbage lettuces, are the sorts I t, to sow now. The seeds should be sown on an open spot, and carefully raked in. When the plants are well up let them be thinned out to two inches apart, for if they grow too close, they will be drawn up spindling, and not one in twenty will have strength to stand the winter. Turnips may still be sown early in the month, on light and well manured land. Radishes sown in August, if the autumn is not too dry, are in fine perfection in October and November, and are ihen a kind of dainty.
LINCOLNSHIRE.:—The seed and hay harvest is suspended in con- sequence of the almost daily rains. We fear that they will prove very injurious to the crops. We regret to find that the disease is again showing itself to a very fearful extent amongst the potato Crops in this neighbourhood and the extremely wet weather, it is feared, will tend to quicken its spread.-Lincolnskirc Chronicle. THE WEATHEI! AND THE CROPS.—SUMMARY OF STATEMENTS. —Berkshire—The wheat is fast ripening under favourable auspices. Cheshire—Excellent in general is the condition of the cereals. Devonshire—Very few days will elapse before some of the early wheat fields will be ready for the sickle blight is confined to spots unsuited to the growth of the potato. Dorsetshire-The wheat does not look well on the whole, and the ears seem to be smaller. Es.sex-A fine field of barley fell last week before the mowers. Hertfordshire—The wheat looks healthy, but is not stout. Kent —Although the ears are generally small, they stand thick on the ground. Lancashire—The crops generally are in splendid condi- tion. Suffolk—There are several complaints respecting the reap- pearance of the potato disease. Sussex-The yield of wheat will be much below an average crop. North'Derby;hi; e -A finer sea- son altogether is not remembered. The accounts of the potato disease are not more numerous nor more alarming than last week. -Douglas Jerrold's Newspaper,
Varieties. AN INTELLIGENT NEGlio.A negro, while undergoing an examination at Northampton, Massachusetts, on being asked if his master was a Christian, replied "No, Sir, he's a member of Congress." -A nie)-ictit Paper. FULL TIME.—The greater part of the cittcn manufacturers in Stockport are now working full time having for several months back only been running three or four days a week. -Livei:pool Albion. WATER WORKING.—There are employed on the canals in the State of New York, more than 30,000 men, 7,000 boys, and 4,000 women., in all more than 41,000 persons. wo A SCOTTISH PAPER mentions that the maid servant of a family living at Parkgalistane, while breaking a large piece of coal for the purpose of replenishing the fire, was astonished to find in the centre of the block a full grown toad, which appeared to be in perfect health. THE SILENT MEMBER. -An M.P. never spoke in the House except on one occasion, when, in the midst of a »tor my debate, a noisy orator, looking sternly at him, bellowed out Hear, hear! To which he calmly replied, "I never do anything else, sir." The House was so convulsed with laughter that some minutes elapsed before the debate could be resumed. KDWAIID BAINES, ESQ.—-Last, week Mr. Baines had a very se- vere attack of illness, and on Sunday last h's friends were under great alarm for the result. We are happy to say th.,t since that day he has experienced a gradual though slow revival, and that hopes are now with considerable confidence entertained of his recovery. On Thursday, and yesterday, however, the symp- toms were rather less favourable, and his illneis must be re- garded as very serious.—Leeds Mercury. A GRATEFUL NEIGHBOUR.—-A man out west, whose house was recently destroyed by fire, publishes a card, in which he thanks his fellow-citizens for making an unsuccessful attempt to save his furniture, and expresses a hope that he will soon have an opportunity to reciprocate the favour American Paper. A UGLY FACT.—The amount of had cash paid for intoxi- cating drinks in the metropolis alone is E3,000,000 sterling per avih un. This sum, If spent in sewers, would afford upwards of 1,700 miles at 6s. 8d. per foot run, and of ample capacity for the largest thoroughfare if the supply of water were good. If the City of London were thoroughly drained, it would require about fifty miles of sewerage. It follows, therefore, tlat we spend in London yearly, in intoxi ating drinks, a sum which would pay for the effectual drainage of thir,y-four such places as the ancient city.-I-Iealth of TJwns Magazine. AWFUL DESECRATION.—Sir F. Buxton presents his compli- ments to Punch, and begs to state that, after instituting the most searching inquiry as to the alleged working on the Sun- day at his brewery, he has found that the fault does not lie with the men, or hiihself, but with the beer. Sir F. Buxton; pledges himself that every precaution shall be taken, for the future, to prevent its working on the Sunday.-Iluitch. IT appears from the accounts just laid before Parliament by the Colonial Land and Emigration Commissioners, that the total number of persons who emigrated from the United King- dom during the year 1847, was 258,270. The number is remarkable, as it is about twice as great as that of any previ- ous year. The average annual number for the ten years ending with 1837, was about 63,000; and for the ten years ending with 1847, about 104,000. Thus the emigration of 1847 ex- ceeded the decennial average in the proportion of five to two, while that of 18:32 exceeded it only as about five to three. A HINT, FOR IIOLLOWAY.—Professor Holloway has shown so much vigour of imagination in his cases of "a gentleman having recovered the use of" this, that, and the other, by the use of the Professor's Ointment and Pills, that we think we cannot do less than reward his ingenuity by suggesting to him something new, in the shape of an advertisement" A gen- tleman recovered the use of his senses by So-and-So's Pills.— The patient had long been addicted to the folly of taking quack medicines, and he had resorted to every pill and ointment that came out, without deriving from any of them the smallest benefit: at length, in a fit of unusual absurdity, he tried Pro- fessor So-and-So's Pills, the effects of which were such as to cause him at once to recover the use of his senses, and be has never been known from that time to take a single dose of quack medicine."—Punch. CHILD FOUND IN A'3BASTD-BOX.—About midnight on Monday, as the watchman of the Joint Station, London-bridge, was going his rounds, when passing by the Lost Property-office, he fan- cied he heard a child cry, but seeing nothing suspicious, he was about proceeding, when he heard another faint cry, evi- dently from a band-box tied with tape, and addressed to a party at Croydon. which, upon examination, was found to con- tii n a fine male child of some eight or ten days old, fast asleep. It was immediately conveyed to Guy's Hospital, where some food was administered, and the child seemed none the worse for its long journey (s PPQSJd from Dover). DUNN V. JENNY LE.ND.-Tliis celebrated cause, in which it will be remembe. e 1 that Mr. Bunn recovered a verdict with L2,500 c damages against Mdlle. Jenny Lind for breach of an engage- ment, is still in litigation. The next proceeding will be a writ of error on the part of the defendant, which cannot be argued in the Exchequer Chamber before Michaelmas Term in November. Mr. Justice Erie has lately been e rgaged in settling a bill of exceptions tendered on the trial, and by an order made, the damages, with £ 1,000 for costs, have been paid into the Court of Queen's Bench. The costs in the cause have been taxed at nearly L700, and the residue of the sum paid into Court is to meet the accruing expenses. The action was commenced in March, 1847, so that in all probability it will be about two years before it will be finally decided.—John Bull. DEATH OF A NOTORIOUS CHARACTER.—Last week, at John- street Institution, Tottenham-Court-road, died, Physical Force Chartism, The deceased had been in a very bad way some time; and, by his uproarious conduct, gave very great uneasi- nessto many who were otherwise his well-wishers. The deceased has not been opened, which we regret; therefore there are many conflicting opinions as to the cause of his death. Some attribute it to a softness of brain, some to diseased lungs some (the more amiable interpreters) to the misfortunes of several intimate friends, now undoing oakum in the House of Correction. We believe that the desertion of Mr. Cuffey had a very serious effect upon the spirits of the deceased. It was thought, at least, that Mr. Cuffey would have closed the eyes of Chartism, and that Mrs. Cuffey would have laid him out. We regret to state that it has been otherwise. The deceased died almost wholly neglected. It is still declared by some, that he caught his death on the 10th of April; when, against the advice of his best friends, he would go to Kennington Common, where-it is thought-an alarm of the scarlet fever, latent in the neighbourhood, gave such a shock to his system, that he sickened from that hour. Nevertheless, he made fre- quent attempts to rally, and it is thought, that had his friends supplied him with funds, he might have lingered on for some time. For want of a shlll, his remains were consigned to an empty money-box; with a bad shilling nailed upon the lid, as a significant coffin-plat^?—Punch. THE CHOLERA.—SWEDEN.—According t3 accounts from this country, we learn that the choljra has broken out in the pro- vince of F,nlaii,,], and nece any precautions have been used to prevent its introduction into Sweden. PitoGREss WKST.VARD.NO PREPARATIONS.PROBABLE CON- SEQUENCES.—Asiatic cholera, says ihe Lancet, is steadily marcliirg westward, and it teems now to be only a question whether this modern plague shall make its appearance amongst us in the au- tumn of 1848 or the spring of 1849. Its head-quarters in the east or the north of Europe are now in St. Petersburgh, Moscow, and Constantinople. At the present time, the diarrhoea, which has always been its avant courier, is more than ordinarily prevalent in this country. Yet little or no preparation or defence has been made against this terrific scourge. We are not aware that the Go- vernment has done anything in this important matter beyond pro- curing a report on the capabilities of the metropolitan workhouses for the reception of cholera cases. The governmental bodies of the profession, the Colleges of Physicians and Surgeons, evidently do not consider it within the scope of their duties to advise or act at all in this momentous affair; and we may here incidentally in- quire, could such a deplorable apathy exist under a sound system of medical legislation? It does not require the gift of prophecy .to say, that when Asiatic cholera does come, the utmost consterna- tion will prevail—a consternation in itself favourable to the fata- lity of the disease, and exaggerated in a tenfold degree by our cut. pable neglect of all really practicable preparations. There will be, we doubt not, hurryings"and crowdings to church and chapel; trustings to all sorts of amulets and safeguards; a spasmodic ap- plication of whitewash to black walls, wherever they can be found the hasty, expensive, and unsanitary erection of temporary hospi- tals, and the formation of jobbing and incompi.tmt boards of health. Some quacks, we dare say, w 11 make fortunes out of the credulity and destruction of the public; and many, many medical men will be worn out and destroyed by their attendance upon the sick and that for pittances which leave heir widows and orphans destitute. After ail, the real burden of ,ha visitation will fall on ,h; members of the medical profession SUSPENSION BRDJeE AT NIAGARA FALLS,—It is contemplated to have the foot bridge at the Falls ready for crossing on the 4:hofJuiy. This will be a great curiosity, and many will avail themselves of the adventure. The following is to be the composition of the railroad bridge:—Number of cables for bridge, 16 number of strands in each cable, 600; ultimate tension, 6,500 tons capacity of the bridge, 500 tons number of strands in the ferry cable, 37 diameter of the cable, th of an inch; height of scone tower, 68 ft. 1 in.; height of wood tower for ferry, 50 ft.; base of the tower, 20 square ft. size at the top, 11 square ft.; span of the bridge, 800 ft.; while weight of the bridge, 650 tons weight from ihe wntr, 230 ft.; depth of water under the bridge, 250 ft. Th ■ suspension bridge is the most sublime work of art on the continent. It makes the head dizzy to look at it, and yet it is traversed with as much security as any other bridge of the same width. We were present while the workmen were engaged in hanging the planks over the fearful chasm. It looked like a work of peril, but it was prosecuted with entire safety. Not an accident has happened since the first cord was carried across the river at the tail of a kite. It is impossible to give the reader a clear idea of the grandeur of the work. Imagine afoot bridge eight hun- dred feet in length, hung in the air, at the height of two hun- dred and thirty feet, over a vast body of water rushing through a narrow gorge at the rate of thirty miles an hour. If you are below it, it looks like a strip of paper, suspended by a cobweb. When the wind is strong, the frail, gossamer-looking structure sways to and fro as if ready to s art from its fastenings, and it shakes from extremity to centre under the firm tread of the pedestrian. But there is no d n er. Men pass over it with perfect safety, while the head of the timid looker-on swims with apprehension. We saw the first person pass over it— Mr. B"let, the builder. His courageous wife soon followed him, and for two days hundreds, attracted by the novelty of the thing, took the fearful journey. It is worth a trip to the Falls to see this great work, although it is not probabb that one in twenty will have the nerve to cross upon it. For, strange as it may seem, there were those who had no hesitation to slide over the awful chasm in a baket, upon a single wire cable, who could not be induced to x alk over the bridge. And this aerial excursion is thrillin"ly ex ting. A seat on a locomo- tive, travelling at the rate of s:xty mdes an hour, is nothing to it. When "you find yourself suspended in the air, with the roaring, rushing, boiling, Niag ra, 259 ft. below you, if your heart don't flutter, you will hive nerve enough to swing over Vesuvius And yet the sensation is not altogether unpleasant The ride itself, as the old lady said about skinning eels, "is nothing when you get used it." Another new attraction at the Falls is the excursion from the site of the suspension bridge to within a few rods of the Horse-shoe Falls in the little steamer Maid of the Mist. In no other mode can the visitor obtain so grand a view of the cataract. Every one makes the trip, and all express the same sentiment, that the Falls are not seen in all their sublimity and grandeur except from the deck of the Maid of the Mist, The run is made with perlet safety.-Albaiiy Journal.
LONG AND SHORT LIFE.
(Selected for the PRINCIPALITY.) LONG AND SHORT LIFE. CIRCLBS are prais'd, not that abound In largeness, but th' exactly round So, life we praise, that does excel Not in much titne, but acting well. TWILIGHT. IT is the hour when from the boughs The nightingale's high note is heard It is the hour when lover's vows Seem sweet in every whispered word: And gentle wind-rand waters near MaVa music to the lonely ear. Each flower the dews have lightly wet, And in the sky the stars are met, And on the wave is deeper blue, And on the leaf a browner hue, And in the heaven that clear obscure, So softly dark, and darkly pure, Which follows the decline of day As twilight melts beneath the moon away. EVENING. WHEN eve is purpling cliff and cave, Thoughts of the heart how soft ye flow Not softer on the western wave The golden lines of sunset glow. Then all, by fate or chance removed, Like spirits crowd upon the eye The few we liked—the one we loved And the whole heart is memory. And life is like a fading flower, Its beauty dying as we gaze Yet as the shadows round us lower, Heaven pours above a brighter blaze. When morning sheds its gorgeous dye, Our hope;, our heart to earth is given But dark and lonely is the eye That turns not at its eve to heaven. IF we judge from history, of what is the book of glory com- posed? Are not its leaves dead men's skins—its letters stamped in human blood—its golden clasps the pillage of nations ? It is illuminated with tears and broken hearts. MA x ims. -Persevere against discouragements.—Keep your temper.—Employ leisure in study, and always have some work in hand.—Be punctual and methodical in business, and never procrastinate.-N ever be in a hurry.—Preserve self-possession, and do not be talked out of a conviction. --Rise early, and be an economist of time.—-Maintain dignity, without the appear- ance of pride manner is something with everybody, and every- thing with some. Be guarded in discourse attentive and slow to speak.—Never acquiesce in immoral or pernicious opi- nions.—Be not forward to assign reasons to those who have no right to ask.—Think nothing in conduct unimportant or indif- ferent.—Rather set than follow examples.—Practise strict tem- perance, and in all your transactions remember the final ac- count. -MIDDLETO IN reference to the temperance movements going on through- out the world, an able writer has said, There is a spirit abroad, ''tis in the bright green fields and long shady lanes, that gives a sweet earnest' of what the world will be when it has thrown off the shackles of bye-gone ages,—ignorance, error, superstition, and cruelty. Tell me not of sadness, and sorrow, and misery as being the lot of man by the appointment of Divine Provi- dence. I would tell such sorrow-mongers, there is magic in the world yet, and a paradise to be enj oyed yet on earth, if the spring of the human heart, in which happiness or misery has a true seat, be not choked up by debasing habits, the glare of self, or the pollutions of vice." THE greatest of all mental pleasures is the re-awakening of- our associations. In what a strange disorder of connected yet intertangled trains does memory, that essence of the past, lie buried! Sometimes in her shroud of interwoven fibres she sleeps a sleep that never will be broken sometimes awaiting only the finger of time, she lies dull and torpid, lurking in her traceless dwelling, like sound in the strings of an unawakened instrument. Manifold and beautiful are the modes—strange, sudden, and unspeakable the moments in which the harmonies of those inscrutable chords are touched into re-existence by the hand of time; and the longer that musij has slumbered, the more potent and spell-like its tone when re-awakened; and the deeper and incenser the thrill it sends through the reverbe- rating frame.
HOUSE OF COMMONS, THURSDAY,…
HOUSE OF COMMONS, THURSDAY, JULY 27. REGIUM DONUM. Mr. Pattison presented a petition from the board of congre- gational ministers residing in and about the cities of Londoll and Westminster, assembling at the Congregational Library, Blomfield-street, Finsbury, praying the House to withhold permanently the Parliamentary grant for the Regium Donum both in England and Ireland. LANDLORD AND TENANT BILL. Mr. II. Herbert asked if the noble lord meant to go on this session with the Landlord and Tenant Bill. Lord J. Russell: I mean to postpone that bill for a fortnight, and, in case of Irish members not attending the House then, I shall not proceed with it. Mr. M. J. O'Connell considered that the noble lord might all well postpone it for six months. It was clear that, whethcr Irish members were obliged to go to Ireland or not, there wz,,4 no chance of proceeding with it this session. CORRUPT PRACTICES AT ELECTIONS BILL. On the motion that the House resolve itself into Committee on the Corrupt Practices at Elections Bill, Colonel Sibthorp observed that this bill, though introduced by the liberal head of a liberal Government, was one of the most illiberal measures ever introduced into Parliament. The Solicitor-General would be ready to discuss with Colo- nel Sibthorp all his objections to this bill in committee, but would reserve his reply till then. After speeches from Mr. Paeke, Mr. R. Palmer, and Mr. Hume, in support of the bill, and a very prolix and tedious speech against it from Mr. C. Anstey, Mr. Hudson declined to vote either way. Mr. Urquhart followed on the same siue with Mr. Anstey. The House then divided, when the numbers were- In favour of going in Committee. 96 Against it 2 Majority 94 The rest of the evening was consumed in discussing the va* rious clauses of the bill. The only interesting feature in the discussion was a smart attack made by Mr. Reynolds on Mr. C. Anstey for absorbing three out of the four hours which the House had wasted on this bill. He declared that, if he could find fifty other Irish mem- bers with equal lungs and obstinacy to assist him, ne should have no doubt of persuading English members very speedily to accede to the repeal of the legislative union in sheer weari- ness and disgust. This led to an angry reply from Mr. Anstey, who ran a muck not only at Mr. Reynolds, but also at Sir W. Somerville, who administered to him a castigation which was received by the House with the loudest cheers. The debate was then adjourned, and the House resumed. The Rum Duties Bill passed through Committee. The Committees on the Sugar Duties Bill, and on the Navi- gation and Registration of Ships and Seamen Bill, were post- poned until .Monday. The Payment of Debts out of Real Estate Bill passed through Committee. The Constabulary Force (Ireland) Bill passed through Com- mittee report on Monday. The Reproductive Loan Fund Institution (Ireland) bill went through Committee. The Juvenile Offenders (Ireland) Bill, the Land-tax Com- missioners' Names Bill, and the Regent's Quadrant Colonnade Bill Wellt through Committee. TheE cl.siasti alH ions and Divisions of Pu "shis( Ireland) Bill was read a third time and passed. On the motion of Lord Morpeth, the Public Health Bill (with the Lords' amendments thereto) was ordered to be re- printed. The other orders of the day were then agreed to, and the House adjourned.
HOUSE OF COMMONS, FRIDAY,…
HOUSE OF COMMONS, FRIDAY, JULY 28. Mr. T. M. Gibson presented a petition from the Lancashire Public School Association, signed by 4,000 persons in favour of a general system of secular education supported by local rates in th-, c unty palatine. THE CAFFRE WAR. Mr Osborne gave notice that on Thursday he should move an address, praying her Majesty to be graciously pleased to confer some mark of her royal favour upon the officers and men who distinguished themselves in the Caffre war. GERMAN IMPOSTS ON BRITISH GOODP. M'\ L bou here answered Lord G. Bentinek by saying, with refe eice to a report that the Germanic confederation weie about to impose additional duties on British cotton and woollen manufactures, that no such information had reached the Go- vernment, nor was the Frankfort Diet at present in a position to pass. SAVINGS BANKS (IRELAND). In reply to Mr. H. Herbert, Lord J. Russell said, that the first intention was to bring in a bill, but upon further consider- ation with different members of the House, it was thought that the better way would be to agree to the appointment of a coty mittee. It was his intention on Monday next to propose the appointment of the committee. DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS WITH ROME. Mr. Buck, seeing the Secretary of State for Foreign Affaiyg in his place, asked whether it was the intention of Government to bring under the consideration of Parliament the Diplomat c Relations with Rome Bill ? Lord J. Russell: It is the intention of her Majesty's Govern- ment to bring forward the bill in the present session of Parli: ment, and it is not proposed to omit a proviso introduced in the House of Lords, but to introduce the bill in its present shapr NEW WRIT. A new-writ was ordered for Thettord, in the room of Mr. W. B. Baring, who had succeeded to the title of Lord Ashburfo STATE OF IRELAND. On the order of the day being read for the House going into a committee of supply, Mr. Sharman Crawford rose to move a resolution, pursuant to notice, to theeffect, that the present distracted state of Tre^ land demands the instant attention of Parliament, with a view to the enactment of such measures as may be necessary to. im- prove the condition,, redress the grievances, and establish the just rights of the Irish people. The honourable member was for some time inaudible, owing to the noise of members leaving the House. He commenced his remarks with taking a review of the progress of legislation for Ireland since the Union; com- plained that the conditions on which the Union had tak-tu place had never been carried out; spoke of the Irish measurer, of the session as wholly unsatisfactory; and enumerated as measures necessary to place the Irish on a fair and proper foot- ing, Mi amendment of the Act of Union, so far as to increase
hands, and called on them to surrender their antoa, promising. them that if. they complied fheir persons would be safe. Wilile he parleyed and endeavoured to fraternise by shaking hands with the men through the windows, his adherents were very coolly piling straw and hay at the entrance of the house, with the view of suffocating the poor fellows within, or burning them alive. The time was now came for action, but the police did not use their muskets till several shots had been fired at them, and stones thrown at them through the window. One account says they tired avolley, another that they tired only three shots. Certain, how- ever, it is, that two men, one of them I believe named M'Bride, were kitted dead on the spelt, and that a third expired shortly af- ter. It is also currently reported that one of Smith O'Brien's friends (some say Dillon) was wounded in the knee. The effect ,of this determined conduct was that the crowd retreated, and although Smith O'Brien urged them over and over again to pull down the house they would not attempt it. The Roman Catholic clergyman of the district, it is said, arrived at this time on the scene of strife, and implored the people to abstain from violence. Smith O'Brien and his friends then appear to have got disgusted. He declared that as the people would not stand by him, he would not stand by them, then fled across the country, upon the chief-con- stable's horse, and. rutyiour says in the direction of Urlingford. By this time a reinforcement of constabulary had arrived from Cashel, and soon after strong bodies of the regular troops, cavalry, artil- lery, and infantry, came pouring in from every quarter. By the time they had arrived the utmost tranquillity prevailed-the re- bellion had vanished, and was nowhere to be found. The mili- tary will bivouac to-night 011 the open field-no pleasant position, as it rains in torrents. So much for the battle of Boulagh-com- mon, fought between 4,000 or 5,000 insurgents, and fifty or sixty police. DUBLIN, MONDAY, 5 30 P.M.—The country all along the line from the south of Ireland is quiet. In the conflict between the police and the insurgents at Ballingarry, eighteen of the latter were killed. At a Privy Council held to-day at the Castle, proclama- tions were issued against the counties of Kerry, Westmeath, South Wexford, Carlo w, Queen's County, Kildare, Wicklow, and various other baronies of Cork, King's County, Cavan, and Monaghan. During the conflict with the police on Saturday, two shots were fired at Mr. Smith O'Brien; one of the rebels who was standing by O'Brien's side, brandishing a pike, was killed on the spot. 11 .1 The solicitor of the Dublin Corporation was arrested at Ho'wth this day. Several other arrests have taken place, amongst which are those of Hyland the pikemaker, at Carlow; two gunsmiths of Dublin; Hughes, a fruiterer at Wexford. Ten assistants in the house of Pym and Co. have been committed to Kilmainham gaol as clubbists, and five in another establishment have since fled. The constable who was captured by the rebels, but after- wards released, states the appearance of Smith O'Brien to be very miserable; but it is said he expresses his determina- tion never to surrender, as he feels his fate would be certain.