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DOUBLE MURDER AT SWANSEA.
DOUBLE MURDER AT SWANSEA. Thomas Martin, aged 24, stone cutter, and Michael Leary, aged 29, railway labourer, were charged with the wilful mur- der of Jenkin Evan, and John Williams, late of Swansea, on the 8th day of May last. Prisoners took their stand at the bar apparently with the utmost-apathy, especially Martin. Leary was tolerably well dressed, but Martin had on the same clothes as those in which he was apprehended. They did not challenge any of the jury, and on the indictment being read over to.-them, they both pleaded Not Guilty in a rriii voice. They were then charged with the murder of John Williams, and the trial proceeded. Mr. Grove and Mr. :Beuson conducted the prosecution; and The prisoners were defended by Mr. Sergeant: Jones and. Mr. Albert Jenkyn. On the table there was a model of the house where the tragic scene occurred, from which the relative posi- tion of the houses, the yard, and the road could be distinctly seen. During the early part of the trial, both prisoners paid the utmost attention to the evidence, and seemed considerably satisfied with the rigid cross-examination to which Leary and. Norris were subjected by Mr. Sergeant Jones. Martin seemed somewhat more anxious than Michael Leary. His lips upon Cli times were firmly compressed. When the court adjourned at the conclusion, of the case for..the Crown, .they descended the steps of the dock. From the position we occupied in the re- porter's box, we could see them very distinctly. They con- versed freely with, each other, and laughed occasionally. We z, also overheard Martin saying to Leary that the witnesses or some of them did not knoAV at all Avho did it. V. e believe they mainly rested their hope on this, and hoped at the utmost they would only be convicted of manslaughter. On re-ascend- ing the dock, they listened with evident satisfaction to the address of their counsel Mr. Sergeant Jones. They seemed to follow him with unabated interest, and Leary's countenance had, relaxed almost to a smiling mood. Towards its conclu- sion, Martin leaned on the dock the time in the course of the day. During the summing up, their countenances became firm and compressed. Though traces of considerable anxiety might be discerned, yet there was nothing to indicate that they considered themselves in imminent danger. Many of the spectators undoubtedly appeared much more concerned than themselves in their fate. The trial lasted about eight hours. After the jury were sworn, Mr. Grove proceeded to open the case. He trusted that no mistaken zeal on his part as an advo- cate in so serious a case would be manifested. He would briefly endeavour to call the attention of the jury to-the evi- dence which he should have to lay before them. The murder had happened On the 8th of May, when a kind of Aveddmg fes- tival, or as it was generally called cwrw bach, was held in the house pointed out on the model. Some time on the night in question the two prisoners, with three other Irishmen, had come in. They were going towards Swansea from Llychwr, where they had been paid off on the South Wales Railway. On their way they first called at the Trap public-house, and had some beer. They then tried at the Marquis Arms, but failed. Having met with a woman of the name of Mary Bowen, who directed them to Ty-chwith, where the cwrw bach was held, they went thither. The learned gentleman then mi- nutely and clearly detailed all the circumstances of the case, which will be found in the evidence of the several witnesses. He then detailed how and under what circumstances Martin was apprehended. He was found on the top of a mountain, between Swansea and Neath, near to the Red Jacket Works. He had not the same clothes on as he had on the night of the murder. The policeman found no stockings on his feet, though he found some that wei'e wet in his pockets. He said that his name was Tom Reardon. The different circumstances con- nected with the knife, which will be found in the evidence, were then severally detailed. The learned counsel said that he merely wished the jury to put their own construction on the words used by Martin and the other prisoner. If the jury could believe the evidence of Patrick Leary. there could be no doubt but that the fatal bloAV was struck by Martin. They would then have to inquire how far Michael Leary was aiding, abetting, and assisting him. Leary was taken near Cowbridge, in company A\rith the two Norrises. On his return to Swansea and in custody he had made use of several remarkable expres- sions, which would be proved to the jury by the policeman. If the jury would consider that he had said some days before that he had an. instrument that would let out the inside of a man. in an instant, and couple it with the use which he had made of the shovel, they would find an important link in the testimony. If such circumstances as these -L weighed with the jury, they would find Michael Leary guilty,—if not they would acquit him. There is this in his favour, that a man who was using a shovel was not likely to lay it aside, and take up a knife. Michael Leary had a knife on his person Avhen he was apprehended. Martin had none. He had it the day before; but nobody knew what became of it. There was a. cut on his finger, which he said was done in the scuffle. A knife was found in a bundle of clothes, but that was not Martin's knife, and could not be the knife with which the murder was com- mitted. The medical witnesses would prove beyond all sha- dow of doubt that the wounds of which the murdered men died were effected by some instrument such as a knife. The learned gentleman then explained the law in regard to murder, and concluded by expressing his anxiety that the jury should j udge fairly from the character and the manner in which wit- nesses gave evidence what. credence to give to them. He be- lieved their verdict would, be one that would satisfy their con- sciences, and. if they would satisfy their consciences, they would satisfy the ends of justice. Patrick Leary, examined by Mr. Benson, sworn Was a la- bourer on the South Wales railway. Worked up to the 8th of May at Llychwr. I left that evening for Swansea. William Norris, John Norris, and prisoners, were with me. They had been paid off on that day. We called at the Trap public-house on our way. Do not know how much beer we had but they said it was too late to give us any more. Afterwards we saw lightat the Marquis' Aims, Before then, as we came down the hill, T. Martin took up a stone and sharpened his knife with it. I saw the knife. It was a large pocket knife, with a black and white haft, discoloured with dirt. The blade was long, but it was round on the end. It was rather worn. Had seen it before, but not since. We called for some beer at the Marquis' Arms, and were refused as it was too late. Did not get any beer there. We met a woman, and in consequence of what she told us, we all went to the wedding house to get beer. The woman followed us. There were great many people there. I saw John Williams there. I knew him before as gaffer on No. 5 cutting, South Wales railway. Saw a person of the name of John Rees, or Pillinger, there. After having some beer, I spoke to John Williams. I was sitting down on. a form. I went over to John Williams, and asked him if he could give me a start the next morning for work. He asked me what I said. Pillinger came over and said he would make me tell him in Welsh. I repeated the Welsh after him as well as I could. Williams told me to come the next morning. I asked him if it was filling or digging. If for digging that I had a shovel, and would leave it there till the morning. Pillinger told me to bring the shovel, and that the wages would be 2s. 3d. a-day. I said I would come for a while for that. Then I returned to -the bench across the house. John Norris gave me a quart, and said I had no beer since I was in the house. I took it to the inner room, and gave the man 6d. for the quart. When I came back, and before the beer was drink, there were several Welsh talking in the house, and one asked me whether I was going to work for 2s. 8d. a-day. I said I was. He caught me by the bosom, and said that it was on account of that small wages lie had left the work. I caught him by his clothes, and we scuffled together, and got out of doors. I fell to the ground when we got to the yard. We got out the front door. When I felll called to the boys to come and save me. 1 said, Boys, come out and save me." Five or six Welshmen were about me. They were the first that came out. John Williams was one of them. They crowded about me in the yard. I was then standing up. I was up before they came out. Don't know what became of the man that scuffled with me. I called on Martin, the Nor- rises, and Leary to come out and help me. The first that came out was Tom Martin. He had a knife open in his left hand. He made a blow at John Williams, and struck him about the breast. lie instantly fell. He did not say a word to any one, and Mar- tin did not say a word to him. When I saw him fall, I ran from the yard down to the road. All the people were in the yard at that time. John Williams was to the left of the door at some distance from it. Can't say there was anybody nearer the door than John Williams. Before I got to the road, somebody said that a man was killed," or "that they killed the man." As I ran to the road a man caught me by the bosom, and asked where I was going. I said I was going home. He said I should not go like that. William Norris and a woman came to try to separate me and, the man. Mike Leary came from the yard with a shovel and a bundle in his hand. He told the man to let me go. The man refused and then Mike hit him on the head with the Hat part, of the shovel. The man had his hat on. I did not see John Norris nor Martin aftei I left the yard till I left the-juan. The man let me go away, and I ran away towards Swansea. When I was running off, William Norris cried to my brother, "Mike, will you leave me ?" and my brother said, "I will not, Bill." After that Thomas Martin came up to me he was the first that came after me. I asked if the boys were coming, and he answered yes. They did not come up to us. Martin and myself ran away till we came to the Cw-mb.Avrla gate. After we passed the gate, Martin said to me, "I am the boy-that let the wind through some of them." We went "together to the house where I used to lodge. Martin wanted me to come with him I did not gowHh him. I went in. He asked what o'clock it was, but did not wait to hear. My brother came in shortly afterwards; but did not stay. Did not see Martin again before I saw him in the station-house at Swansea. Martin had on around waistcoat, moleskin or baragan, with red mine on it, and a. low yellow cap with a peak to it, on the night in question. I remember being with my brother Michael on the'7th of'May I was taking breakfast. My brother came in we had conversation I heard him say that he had an instrument in his pocket that would knock the wind out of any man. I was apprehended between Bridgend and Cowbridge. I inside a state- ment before the coroner. It was the same as I made to-day. I made it voluntarily. Cross-examined by Mr. Sergeant Jones: I was, apprehended near Cowbridge. I had slept out the night before. Mike Regan and Daniel Leary slept with me. I had not seen my brother Mike from the row until I saw him in custody. I was taken about four o'clock into custody. Cannot tell how soon. I saw the other prisoner soon afterwards. -1 had been working for some time at Llychwr. I did not know,that the men were paid off that day. I had spent a part of the Monday at Swansea. When I returned, wetrt to the,gaffer.Thouse. We .all met., the. outside, at Llychwr. We drank first at the Trap public-house cannot say how much we drank there. At the wedding-house there were twelve or more persons. John Williams employed me immediately. The usual pay was 2s. 8d. the day. There were Irish and Welsh on that part of the road. Cannot tell what time we met the woman on the road. We were all on good terms. I never fell out with Martin. I know a man of the name of Harrow. Cannot recollect that I have ever quarrelled with him. I never put my name on his shovel. We had some words about it. He said that I put crosses on it. Martin never interfered on his part. Heard that the shovel had gone to Martin's lodging. Was quite sure that Martis had a yellow cap on that night. It was yellow or faded red, 1 wrs rather the worse for liquor at the time I was in thewedding-houe. J did not see any scuffling while I was in the yard. Had known Martin since some time in March. Cannot tell how often I saw Martin. I knew where he lived. I knew a woman that passed as his wife. She had a child. Cannot say that I have seen anything in him out of the way. I come from Cork. Martin comes from. Tipperary; has heard that the Cork and Tipperary men. do not agree very well. I left Swansea on the morning of the murder at half-past eight in the morning. We spoke to each other after being apprehended at Aberavon; Ave were in separate cells. We were in the cell at Neath also. I believe I did say at Neath that I did not know who would wear the new pair of boots I had, and that I would not have bought them if I knew what would'have passed. I do not know that I said I should not care if I could get off with transportation, I Avas locked up at Swansea. Norris was in the next cell. Leary and Norris were in cells on the same Jloor. We talked to each other sometimes in English and Irish. Martin was not on the same floor as we were. I did not see any of them coming up beside Martin after the row. I am quite cer- tain that Martin came up. He said that he was the boy that had let the wind from some of them." I made no observation to him at the time. I did not see John Norris afterwards until I saw him in custody at Bridgend. By the court I had no knife. Cross-examination resumed Does not know of Martin receiv- ing Ss. 6d. at Llychwr. Had some words about Martin sendW money to his wife. I do not know that I had a row with him for helping a stranger to load a cart. I swear I have no recollection of it. I did say the haft of the knife was black and white. The point was round. I lost my knife on the Sunday before as I was drunk. Had seen my knife on Sunday morning. Cannot tell when 1 had it last. Had my dinner on Monday, but had not my knife. I borrowed a knife from the landlady at Llychwr. It was not such knife as I lost. I did not take away that knife, I went to the bouse where my wife lodges at Swansea. There are persons of the name of George and Margaret Ellard lodging in the same house, but do not occupy the same bedroom. When I went back f had no knife. I swear I had not. Saw a person of the name- oi Sexton. I did not produce a knife. My wife showed me a knife the next morning, and she would not give it me. I did not see her Abashing it with her spittle. I had had it before in my possession. It was a pocket knife. It was an ordinary knife in length. I told my wife I was going away. I did not go where I told her, as 1 went towards Cowbridge. i had no knife with me, Re-examined: I was at Swansea on Sunday when I lost mv knife, and was with my wife. I made a drawing of Martin's knife. The blade was four inches long.—Cannot tell its width. William Norris examined by Mr. Grove sworn Is an Irish- man; was labouring with last witness oil the-South Wales railway. Went on the 8th of May from Llychwr towards Swansea with the prisoner. After going to the wedding-house we sat on the form. Mike Leary and myself danced and the fiddler played during the dance, the scuffle between the last witness and the Welshman took place. After some time they went out scuffling to the door, where most of the scuffling took place. Most of the men wer outside before I could get'out. Two shovels stood at the door where we left them with two bundles on. I took the two shovels and ran out. Michael L-ai-y said Patrick is killed out side, in the yard. Mike took one of the shovels from me. I followed him to the yard, and I saw him striking a man with his shovel, and then he came back again and struck another man with his shovel. The man he struck in the yard was stmding up. A man caught me, and my companions ran away. T were all before me, and I cried, Mike and John don't leave nie," and Mike said I won't leave thee. He came to me and took the bundle and I got away, Martin fell and then we ran all together. My brother aiad myself went on together apart from the other two. I ;,aNv no'niore of Martin after he fell until I saw him in custody. We went where my brother was lodging in Swansea. In about ten minutes after, Mike Leary rapped at the door. I opened the door for him. He said that one man had been killed in the yard and another in the road. We went to Llansamlet the following day. Heard the following day from James Leary that two men had been killed. We then left for Cowbridge. Saw Martin taking a knife on the Monday before he said it was hard to be opened he put some stick under the blade. Cross-examined by Mr. Sergeant Jones; Had not known Mar- tin long. I am a Cork man. Saw Martin take the knife at Lly- chwr. We were all together. Martin said the knife was hard to be opened. Saw Pat Leary, myself, and my brother paid at Llyclrwr; Patrick was paid after us. I and my brother were going back to Llansamlet. Martin told us he was paid off. Found many persons, from 15 to 20, drinking at the cwrw bach. They were mostly Welshmen. I got a quart at first. We were there I think about twenty minutes or half an hour before the row began. I, and Mike, and two Welshmen danced, lelid not see John Norris dance. T tlid not hear the beginning of the row. There was general confusion when I saw it. SaAy one or two on the ground. All were the worse for liquor. They scuffled and went out. It was difficult to say AVIIO first went- out., as they went as thick and quick as they could. When I got out I saw a crowd of people, but I did act stop at all in the yard they had been some time in the yard before I passed through it. I followed Michael to the yard from the road, and sawhirn strike the man. When the man caught me, Mike and my brother came to me. Martin and Pa- trick ran before us. Patrick was near when Martin fell. We did not stop then we got in advance of him. Did not see Martin again till I saw him in custody. Did not see a knife with any besides Martin that day. I saw a knife with Michael Leary on Monday. Did not seea knife with Patrick. Re-examined lIe was not before Martin when he fell. Win. Davies, examined. by Mr. Benson: is a collier, working near Swansea. Was going to be married to Margaret Francis in May last. Got up a cwno bach for the purpose.' Held the eivi-io bach on the 8th of May. There were-from 15 to IS men present. Remembers the Irish coming in; they called for three quarts of beer. In a little time saw a scuffle between Patrick Leary and Edward Mor- gan. Leary knocked Morgan down. Then they went out a troop together. The live Irishmen went together, and some Welshmen. Directly afterwards Morgan came in, and said the Irish used" knives. Soon afterwards somebody cried "Murder," thinks it was in about three minutes after they went out, and the people went out. Saw John Williams killed. Saw him about two yards from the door. I called him but he did not say a word we rarried him to the house. Did not see any of the Irish afterwards.. They brought in some spades and bundles; found two spades and two buodiesaftcr they were gone. Saw a knife drop from a bundle. I gave it shortly afterwards to Evan Davies, the constable. 1 can- not say one of the Irish was drunk. Saw Patrick Leary speaking to John Williams about work. & Cross-examined by Mr. Sergeant Jones: There were from 12 to 15 persons in when the prisoners came in. They were.all Welsh- men except one from Gower. The Irish behaved well when they came in. All the Welshmen, did not go out at first; the row was over when I went out. All the Irish went out at first. SaAV no knife with anybody. Edward Morgan was drunk; all the Welshmen had drunk a good deal, [Inspector Rees produced a knife.] This is the knife that fell from the bundle. Edward Morgan, examined by Mr. Grove Is a railway labourer. Was at the cwrw bach. Had a quarrel, with one of them the Irishman struck me. I was drunk at the time. Icannot remem- ber much about what we quarrelled. Cross-examined by Mr. Sergeant Jones Had no recollection'of what had happened was drunk before going there. He earild from 4s. Gd. to 5s. a day he worked by the job. Others were paid by the day they had from 2s. lid. to 3s. a day. John Williams, examined by Benson: Was-at the cwrw bach. There were a good many people there. Remembers the Irish coming in. I know them now they are the five I saw before the coroner. The first thing I saw was Edward Morgan on the ground. In picking him up I had a blow with a shovel. There were good many people. The blow made me insen3jlJIe,afld I do not know what happened afterwards. John Grove, examined by Mr. Grove I reside at Llychwr. Enow Thomas Martin, Saw him on the 1st of May grinding a knife, and a little girl turned the mill-stone. He asked me to do it, as the little girl. Avas tired I did. so. It was a big knife the blade was 4 or 5 inches long. The knife was turned a little towards the point. William Gootlenough, examined by Mr. Benson Is a. labourer on the South Wales b railway at Llychwr. Remembers Martin coming to work. Remembers 'the-8th of May Martin threatened to run a knife into John Roberts. The knife had a long blade it was 3 or 4 inches in length lie. had it i ti his hand. I asked him afterwards, how he came to 'do such a: thing. He said he would as soon run it into me as thit ,int,n. 'I,to.Icl him .he had better do 'no such thing. Cross-examined by Ilr., Sergeint Jones: Was standing about 20 yajdsfrom Roberts and Martin. Did not hear. what.th"y
PRESENTATION" OF A PUBLIC…
after going out. Leyshon arid himself were very drunk-. Did not come to their senses till the time described by last witness. He had slept .iNthe house, and did not remember anything that took place there. v ír. Pdchartls addre'sfced the jury for the defence. He endea- Toured to show that there was less crime at Merthyr with 50,000 people than at Swansea with a population of 15,000. He commented strongly on the weakness of the evidence. No noise had been heard in the house; and the wines might have easily disappeared without being touched by the prisoners. The prosecutor could not possibly know how much gin she had lost. The evidence was altogether insufficient for their conviction. John Evans of Aberdare, was called to'give character to More. He knew of nothing but honesty belonging to him. John "Williams, a workman from Merthyr Knew More, he had lodged with him for about two years, and had always found him honest. A similar testimony in favour of Leyshon and Hess by Mr. Millward. The learned judge very briefly summed up, and the jury returned a verdict of Not Guilty. His lordship hoped the prisoners would take warning and abstain from such brutal I oilers ivoull wai ncL and reckless course in future. John Griffiths was indicted for feloniously cutting and assaulting Martha Jones when endeavouring to do grievous bodilv harm to his wife on the 11th of May. Ir: Benson conducted the prosecution. Martha Jones: Lives near Griffiths in Merthyr; went to the I o-,lse on the day in question. She saw prisoi e; sitting down an L jumping up to strike his wife. She caught his arm and received a severe blow herself.' She stood by his side and he was striking at his wife. He was going but and was not within reach to strike at his wife. Did not attempt to strike her afterwards. Suffered from the wound for a month. Job James, Esq: Remembers Martha Jones. It was an in- cised wound of three inches in length about an inch deep. It was some pointed instrument that inflicted the wound, but in his opinion it was not a knife. The wound was not healed for nearly a month. Mr. Richards objected to the indictment, but his lordship stated that prisoner was indicted with misdemeanour in at- tempting to commit grievous bodily harm. Mr. Richards then briefly addressed the jury for the defence. After a brief sum- xhlng up from the learned judge the jury found him guilty of au assault. He was sentenced to be imprisoned for six weeks with hard labour. His lordship then immediately directed another jury to be sworn as the jury had expressed a wish to retire, and had stated that they had no object in doing so further than to relieve themselves. Isaac Jones was charged with feloniously and burglariously entering the dwelling-house of William Powell, and assaulting him, and for stealing two sovereigns from his person on the 1st of July last at Merthyr Tydfil. Mr. Grove conducted the prosecution. '"William Powell sworn: Is a mine haulier. Lives near the Mountain Hare public-house. Remembers going home about hat't-past nine that evening. Awoke in the night: one of the children cried father, father somebody cried I am your father. Nobody lives in the house but himself and children. Went up stairs-found a man by the bedside, He said that he wanted a woman; told him there was not one there and ordered him to walk down. He bade witness walk down himself. They strug- gled, and witness dragged him down stairs. In trying to take him to the door prisoner jumped on his back and pushed, his arms towards his eyes. He said he could manage him as his si»'ht was with him. Witness fell down, and as he fell he felt prisoner's hand on his pocket trying to rob him. Called Daniel Jenkins, but Anne Williams came first and threw him off. Could see nothing as the prisoner had poked his fingers to his eyes. He had two sovereigns loose by themselves in his racket and some other money in a piece of leather. On re- covering, found the two sovereigns were gone. Cannot say what became of prisoner; was blind for a week or more. Was attended by a surgeon. His eyes are not well yet. He had zioi locked the door. Did not strike prisoner first. David Powell, aged 14, son of last witness, did not see the scuSle but he heard it. Did not go down till his father cried. Prisoner was then beating his father; he took up a pair of boots they did not belong to any one in the house.; gave them to the Tsolice; prisoner said they were not his then; was quite sure that the prisoner was the man. David Jenkins, sworn: Was alarmed on the 1st of July; went to Powell's house; prisoner was running from the house as I went; prosecutor sat down in the chair, and blood streamed from his eyes. He complained of being robbed, the money was reckoned; searched the pockets of his trousers, but found no money.. Police-constable Thomas Yigors Produced a pair of shoes. Prisoner said they were not his. Sa :ah Williams Is a widow and daughter of David Powell; was at her father's house between nine and ten o'clock on Sa- turday left then and did not return till seven o'clock on Sun- day morning. Did not know the prisoner had never con- versed with prisoner. Cross-examined by prisoner: Never promised to meet him; did not promise to meet him that night. The prisoner said that he could not help her denying. He hoped to God if he should be found guilty the Lord would forgive them for their ignorance. He was a stranger, and had no witnesses to call. Mr. Davics, surgeon, gave evidence as to the injury inflicted oil the eyes of prosecutor.. They had been considerably injured, and he did not see well with one of them now. Prisoner said, he knew nothing about the money, and that he had been ill-used by them in many particulars. He had .gone there to see for the daughter, and prosecutor struck him ,t htimes before he had Co.ia anything to him. He had merely used his hands to defenl himself. His lordship summed up, en 1 the jury found him Guilty of the assault, and Not Guilty of the felony. The learned judge ■ then sentenced him to be imprisoned and kept to hard labour f )r seven calendar months. 'William Jeremy, aged 22, butcher, was indicted for malici- ou 1y cutting, stabbing, a -d wounding William Mabe, butcher, will intent to do him some grievous bodily harm. Mr. Rich- ards conducted the proseci tlon. He opened the case by nar- rating the circumstance which led to the assault. It seemed that the prisoner had been paying his addresses to the sister of ;!) -'isecutor's wife, and in April last came to his house at d. very unreasonable hour, and broke open the door. The fol- lowing evening as prosecutor was at No. 5, Slaughter-house, "Swansea, prboier came in and asked him if he intended to -Juve a warrant against him, and was very properly answered That he wished to have nothing to do with him. Prisoner then desired two boys who were in to leave, and upon one of them (JohnWilliams) refusing he knocked him down and took up the knife and saw and struck Mabe several times until he be- came insensible. He became conscious after some time, when the prisoner was kicking him. He then escaped from the slaughter-house and ran for about twenty yards, when he fell .down' and fainted from loss of blood or exhaustion. On his coming to himself he found Jeremy kicking him on the ground. From all that he had heard the assault was most cowardly and 'unprovoked. The prisoner would be defended by his learned friend Mr. Nichol Carne, but lie was not aware what line of defence would be adopted. If his instructions were at all cor- re'ct there could be no doubt that a ferocious assault had been committed. William Mabe-sworn He detailed the circumstances men- tioned in Mr. Richards' address—that prisoner broke open the door, came to him the following evening, and asked if he had had a warrant; struck one-of the boys, who was with him in the slaughter-house* and then bolted the door. He then turned round to him, and struck him down he had nothing i;i-his hands. v As he was getting up he took hold of the saw and struck him several times. He then became insensible, and on becoming conscious he saw prisoner with the saw in his .left and the knife in his right hand. Soon he was able to make his escape, when some persons broke open the door and came in. Witness ran about twenty yards and fainted, when he awoke the prisoner was kicking him. He then weyt to the .police, and Mr. Essery dressed his wounds. He was cress-examined by Mr. Nichol Carne, with the view of-showing that the prosecutor disapproved of the match be- tween prisoner and his sister-in-law, and that they were two rival butchers. He also endeavoured to elicit from him that the prisonor wanted to make up with him on the evening in question,but to no purpose. He also endeavoured to show that the prisoner was in the habit of bringing charges against persons without any foundation. John Williams Remembered being in the slaughter-house at. the time in question. He corroborated the evidence of Mabe. He was struck down by Jeremy. Witness was se- verely cross-examined by Mr. N. Carne, who was interrupted by the learned judge once or twice, a.; his questions were irre- leyant. Wiliiam Thomas gave similar evidence in corroboration of the last two witnessed T. B. Essery, Esq., surgeon, gave evidence in regard to the wounds which the prosecutor had received. The wound was an incised one, about an inch in length and a quarter of an inch in depth. It was not very serious. Police-constable Yaughan apprehended prisoner, and pro- duced a-knife, the coat and the-shir.. These two last were sa- turated with blood. In. his opinion the cut on the shirt ap- peared more like a tear than a clear cut. Mr. Nichol Carne delivered an address on behalf of the pri- soner. He endeavoured to show that the prosecution had arisen from vindictive feelings on account of the parties being rival butchers, and that all the injury was accidentally done, or at the utmost in self-defence when insulted by the prosecu- tor. He would call witnesses to say that they would believe him on his oath. Llewelyn Davies Remembered. going with Jeremy to the slaughter-house. Mabe was there, Jeremy asked him to make it up. Mabe endeavoured to strike prisoner with the knife ,,3 prisoner in self-defence struck the saw with a stretcher, and it went against prosecutor's left arm. They then began to fight. The prisoner never had the saw in his hand. Mabe told him that the saw might have struck him accidentally, or that he might fall on it. This witness was severely cross-examined by Mr. Richards, who attempted to show that no dependence was to be placed on his evidence. Samuel Thomas sworn On the 20th of April he was in Mr. Mabe's slaughter-house. Jeremy came there and asked him to make up the dispute. The evidence of this witness was very confused and unsatisfactory, but he had not seen prisoner doing anything out of the way to Mabe. On cross-examination, he said that he was therefore before any one, that he was a rat- catcher, and had conversation with Mr. Melville at Swansea, and Mr. Phillpotts after coming to Cardiff. Edward Thomas Had seen the light. Did not see a saw or knife with either of them. Llewelyn Davies alone was there; was not one of the boys. Ca n't say he would not be- lieve prosecutor'on his oath. He was a stranger to him. Pri- soner bore p good character. In cross-examination, he admitted that John Williams did not say that Mabe had offered him a sovereign for swearing on his side. David Jones and David Williams gave prisoner a good cha- racter for being peaceable and well disposed Jones, however, was obliged to admit that he had heard of his being concerned in an assault case. His lordship summed up, and the jury, after a minute's de- liberation, found the prisoner guilty of the assault only. His lordship said the verdict was a very proper one, and in com- menting upon the evidence for the defence, declared that if it had-not been for the youth of some of the witnesses he would have committed them for perjury. Setting aside the false de- fence which had been set up, there were some mitigating cir- cumstances in the case, and he should therefore sentence the prisoner to four months' imprisonment to hard labour. Thomas Davies, 31, blacksmith, was charged with setting fire to the dwelling-house of Evan Davies, at Whitchurch, on the 11th of June last. The prisoner pleaded Guilty. Mr. Allen, who appeared for the prosecution, suggested that there were strong grounds for supposing that at the time the act was committed the prisoner was in an insane state, and that at the present time he was incapable, from the same reason, of plead- ing to the charge. Having quoted several precedents, his lord- ship allowed the prisoner's plea to be withdrawn, and the jury having been sworn to decide whether the prisoner was in a fit state of mind to be put upon his trial, Mr. James Lewis, sur- geon, was called, who said that on his certificate three or four yeais ago the prisoner was placed in a lunatic asylum, where he continued, many months, when he was released in a state of quietness, but still subject to the monomania with which he was affected. He had seen him several times since, and three or four times during the last three weeks, and he was quite sa- tisfied that he was not in a fit state of mind to understand the nature of the charge against him. The jury returned a verdict to that effect, and his lordship ordered the prisoner to be con- fined during her Majesty's pleasure. Martha Davies, 18, pleaded Guilty to a charge of obtaining by false pretences 7s. the property of William Anthony, at Langonoyd, on the loth of April last. The prisoner also pleaded Guilty to a charge of endeavouring to obtain a quan- tity of goods, with intent to defraud Thomas Thomas, also of Langonoyd.—Sentence deferred. William Daft, 21, haulier, was charged on the coroner's war- rant with the manslaughter of Thomas Humphreys, in the pa- rish of St. Pagan's, on the 4th of April, 1848. Mr. Allen, who appeared for the prosecution, said he was happy to say that in this case there were no aggravating cir- cumstances connected with it. The occurrence had arisen out of a fair stand-up fight between two men, and was no doubt the result of an unfortunate blow or fall. Under the circum- stances the prosecution would be satisfied with a nominal pu- nishment, and he thought that would also sufficiently answer the ends of justice. He hoped that the jury in giving the ver- dict would recommend the prisoner to mercy. He called Edward John, carpenter, who deposed that on the 4th of April' deceased and the prisoner with other labourers were working on a platform in the railway works near the village of St. Fa- gan's, when a dispute took place, and a fight ensued. They fought eight or ten rounds, and there were some knock-down Z, blows on both sides. After the tenth round they went into a field and resumed the fight, and about the third round after- wards the deceased fell, prisoner falling across his neck. The deceased was unable to rise, and prisoner sent for Mr. Henry Jenkins, surgeon, of this town. Deceased only lived for twenty or thirty hours afterwards. Mr. Jenkins deposed that on making a post mortem examina- tion of the body of the deceased he found a rupture of some of the smaller vessels connected with the spinal cord, which had induced contraction of the spine, and thus caused death. His lordship summed up, and the jury found the prisoner Guilty, accompanying their verdict with a strong recommenda- tion to mercy. Sentenced to one day's imprisonment, his lord- ship expressing his concurrence with the recommendatien of the jury. Daniel Davies, 27, collier, Moses Bryant, 24, labourer, and William Hill, 37, labourer, were charged, the first as principal, and the others as accessories, with the manslaughter of David Davies, on the loth of March, in the parish of Lisvane. Mr. Grove and Mr. Morgan were counsel for the prosecu- tion, and Mr. Nichol Carne defended the prisoners. The case occupied a considerable time, and from the evidence it appeared that on the morning in question, John LeAvis, gamekeeper, of Llanishen, was called up, and informed that some poachers were out in the covers. He and six others went after the poachers, and saw the three prisoners armed with guns, and a fourth who escaped. He heard several guns fired more than once, and on proceeding towards the poachers with his party, one of the prisoners called out Stand back or we will have at you." Lewis said he did not want any row, he only wanted their names. The prisoners then went some little distance further, and Daniel Davies got over a gate. Deceased and Thomas Thomas, labourer, and Thomas Thomas, grocer, followed him Lewis had hold of prisoner Bryant at the gate. Daniel Davies raised his gun, and said, if Lewis did not let Bryant go he would fire. The two Thomases, and David Davies were in the field, and had each hold of Daniel Davies' gun, which they were struggling to wrest from him, Thomas Thomas beating the prisoner's hands with a stick to make him loose his hold of it, when the gun was fired, and David Davies fell, saying he was shot, and died almost imme- diately. The prisoner Davies's coat was set on fire by the explosion. On being searched two pheasants were found on the prisoner Hill, and three on Davies. Mr. Carne for the defence contended that the gun went off accidentaLy in the struggle and urged that the fact of Davies's coat having been set on fire by the discharge of the gun was a clear proof that he could not be the principal—that he was not the man who fired the gun, and if that were the case, the whole charge fell to the ground. The jury retired for a short time, and on their return acquitted the prisoners, who were removed, there being another indictment against them. The court rose at half-past six. MONDAY, JULY 17. Directly on the learned judge taking his seat he proceeded with the case of the