WEEKLY SUMMARY. THE press of assize intelligence this week has com- pelled us to act Lord John Russell in regard, to Parlia- mentary business. We have been obliged to massacre the innocents;" but our readers may rest assured that we have committed no serious crime. No fatal results will follow either to them or the subjects of the British realm. Ireland continues to be the theatre of important proceed- ings. All the leaders of the war party, with the exception of Mr. Smith O'Brien, are now under prosecution, and many of them actually imprisoned. The news in Wednesday's papers are really serious. The club organisation is daily becoming more serious, and unless Government will put down the clubs, the clubs undoubtedly will put down Go- vernment. The Nation and Felon uewspapers are pro- claimed as seditious, and as such their sale is prohibited, notwithstanding they are extensively circulated. From ae- counts received from Dublin, as late as Tuesday evening, we learn that several districts have been proclaimed under the Crime and Outrage Suppression Act. The districts are the city and county of Dublin, the city and part of the county of Waterford, the city and part of the county of Cork, and the county of the town of Drogbeda. It is also said that the Rev. Patrick Bj rne, who had been arrested for se- dition, has been rescued from the Bridew ell of Carrick-upon- Suir, and that all the prisoners were released. Another let- ter, written from Waterford, on Monday morning, gives the following' particulars:— "Mr. Meagher's entry into Waterford, which ivasexpecied to take place on yesterday evening at four o'clock, did not occur until half- oast two o'clock this morning, as he was forcibly carried by the Cashel Clubs to the meeting at Slievnanon, where, with Mr. Do-' hc-ny, he addressed at least fifty thousand persons. At eleven o'clock, he left Carrick-on-Suir for Waterford the Carrick Clubs were out in marching order, and numbered twelve hundred men. The multitude which thronged the road for eighteen miles, prevented the procession which accompanied Mr. Meagher from moving along at a quicker pace than three miles per hour and at Pilltown he was compelled to address the assembled thousands at midnight. He remains here for three or four days, and should any attempt be made to seize him on any new charge blood will flow freely." This, perhaps, may be exaggerated; but we should be blind, indeed, if we could venture to say that there is no dan- ger. We deeply regret the temper and tone of most articles written on Ireland in the public papers, as tending to excite passions that are already too much inflamed. "Wise legisla- tion may yet save Ireland from the sanguinary horrors of an intestine conflict; but we confess there is little hope for it from the Whigs. The Foreign news of the week have not been unimportant. Spain is in a state of civil war, and Cabrera is likely to be- come formidable. Carlist bands continue to enter the country, and several successful skirmishes have been fought. The Archduke John is received with unbounded, applause in Germany, and bids fair to conciliate the affections of his nu- merous subjects by his kind manners and energy of charac- ter. France has remained tranquil over last week; and the siege will probably be raised during next week.
THE SWANSEA MURDERS. WE believe that we are right in saying that this fearful and melancholy tragedy received from the grand jury, the petty jury, the counsel, and the learned judge all the atten- tion that could possibly be bestowed on a subject. The grand jury returned a true bill, and the petty jury felt it their duty to return the awful verdict of guilty against both the prisoners. Leary, we believe, lias been reprieved during her Majesty's pleasure, and an order was left by Mr. Jus- tice Wightinan for the execution of Martin, upon whom, in all probability, the sentence will be carried into effect. We have taken some time to consider the evidence given at the trial, and we must confess that the more we consider it the more we doubt the truth. of Patrick Leary's account of the transaction. It is too tragic and minute in regard to Martin. to be above suspieioh, and somewhat too partial to Michael Leary to be straightforward. We do not mean to deny but that Martin had a hand in the sad events of the fatal night; but we believe in our conscience that Patrick Leary is in every respect as guilty as either or both of the two prisoners now under sentence of death, and we also believe this to be the opinion of many besides ourselves. As the case is involved in so much mystery—as no one, if we except the suspicious Leary, has pretended, to identify the hand which gave the fatal" blow-as his evidence is directly and flatly contra- dicted by other more unexceptionable witnesses—and as it must be a dreadful thing to hurry a fellow-being to eternity, at least without evidence the most positive and satisfactory, —we suggest to our fellow-townsmen the propriety of memo- rialising the Secretary of State on behalf of Martin. We think that all the ends of justice will be answered by his be- ing transported for life, and that all the risks and hazards of execution upon suspicious evidence will be likewise avoided. We hope our fellow-townsmen will lose no time this work of benevolence. Setting aside altogether the ques- tion of capital punishments, we tnink this is a case,in which all may agree to petition for,, It is a case alsq in which we can act will grace; there being no local or na- tional predilection in favour of the offender. We believe that tins course would meet with the approbation of most of the intelligent and influential inhabitants of the town and county, Let there be no time lost, to prevent if possible any further sacrifice of human life.
THE EDUCATIONAL MILLENIUM. HERE it come. The darkness that has so long enveloped Wales is about dispersing. The great fountain of educa- tional light is about shedding its rays in profuse abundance so as to chase away the dark night of Dissenting' and Cam- brian gloom. The inexhaustible source of reports, pam- phlets, and letters is preparing to burst upon us with over- powering splendour. It will so dazzle our eyes as to dis- able us to perceive the horrid deformity of one-sided reports, and the insidious movements of educational chain-forgers. The golden age is about returning, and if there be a man who doubts our assertion we refer him to our esteemed con- temporary the Carnarvon Herald for Saturday last, where he will find the following:— Jehnger C. Symons, Esq., one of the three Cprrtmissioners, who were appointed to conduct, the inquiry intothe state ofedu- cation in Wales, is now residing at Llangollen, with a view to make himself acquainted with the Welsh language. This talented gentleman has been lately appointed by Government to establish and inspect schools in union workhouses in Wales, and the ad- joining English counties; and finding it. difficult to perform the arduous duties of his office in a satisfactory manner, without any knowledge of the language of the principality, he has now placed himself under the instruction of the Rev. G. Edwards, at Llan- gollen, in order to make himself acquainted with the Welsh language." We must really blame our contemporary for not putting this piece of intelligence in bolder type than he has. We cannot imagine how he expected to be pardoned for making it a minion affair. The important announcement resolves itself into several divisions. Mr. Symons resides at Llan- gollen—Mr. Symons intends to make himself acquainted with the Welsh language. Wonders," it is said, will never cease;" and assuredly the fact that Mr. Symons is going to make himself acquainted with the Welsh language must be added to the list. That a gentleman "who is so proudly learned as to know that it is not" easy to estimate its evil effects," should condescend to learn it is indeed, surprising. The language in question is a ''vast drawback to Wales," a "manifold barrier to the moral progress and commercial prosperity of the people," and a langutsge in which "there it no literature worthy of the namea language that dis- b 0 torts truth, favours fraud, and abets perjury," and a language which" is a disastrous barrier to all moral improvement and popular progress and yet Mr. Jelinger C. Symons, the hero of the Welsh Commission, condescends to learn a language so disastrously wicked and so fearfully iniquitous!. Even so. But why does the learned gentleman submit to such a pro- cess of self-pollution ? Why I because lie finds it difficult to perform the arduous duties of his office in a satisfactory manner without any knowledge of the language of tile prin- cipality Here at last is something to tax the ability of Mr. Symons. He found no difficulty in bringing false charges a. against our literature without any know ledge of the language. He found no difficulty in speaking positive as to certain effects, whilst he had no knowledge whateilei- of the cause. but after a few weeks' experience as inspector of workhouse schools, he finds it difficult-to get on—satisfactorily. He comes to a stand, and retires to the vale of Llangollen, and sits at the feet of the Rev. Gamaliel Edwards, to master the difficulty," of the million musical evolutions of the mono- syllables of the Welsh." We do not know why Llangollen has been selected. Per- haps Mr. Symons has been enchanted with its beautiful scenery. Possibly he dreads the acquisition of the Welsh as a formidable difficulty," and that he has wisely selected a spot where he may be daily cheered in his dreary task by the delicious harmony of Sweet Jenny Jones." Or, per- haps, disappointed in his State Education love suit, he, like Miss Ponsonby and Lady Ellenor Butler, has determined to retire in disgust for awhile, at least, from a work so hope- less. But if these surmises should not prove correct, and if Mr. Symons learns Welsh simply for the purpose of ex- pounding to us the beauties of State Education, why, of course, the Educational Millenium has dawned and if the Rev. Gamaliel Edwards is at all acquainted with the mys- teries of baptismal regeneration, we may soon expect to find the sun in the zenith, and the perfect day far advanced.
CARDIFF. TAFF VALE RAILWAY.-—The traffic for the week ending July 15th, 1848, was £ 1,788 lis. 6d. (5OVERNMEXT INTERFERENCE. WITH RELIGION AND EDU- CATION.—-A lecture was delivered on this subject at the Bri- tish school room, Milliccnt-strcet, on Friday.evening last, by the Rev. Benjamin Parsons, of author of ",Anti Bacchus," "The Mental and Moral Dignity of Woman," and Education the Birthright of every Human Being," &c., &c. The chair was taken by W. Thomas Edwards, Esq., M.B., who in a short speech introduced Mr. Parsons to the meeting. Mr. Parsons commenced by referring to the diffi- culties of his position as a lecturer. He could only give his hearers a few arguments out of very many on the subject. He then entertained his audience for full two hours with all excellent lecture on Goveriiiiiezit,-Governmeiit interference with education and religion,—-and reasons against such in- terference. He was warmly applauded throughout. A eor- dial vote of thanks was moved and seconded, by Mr. Evan Jones and T. Hopkins, Esq.; and after a vote of thanks to the respected chairman, the proceedings terminated. Wre are sorry our limits will not allow a fuller report. THE SWANSEA MURDElt CASE.—So great was the excito- ment amongst the Irish after the condemnation of Martin and Leary for murder, that the principal witness, a brother of Leary, has been compelled to claim the protection of the police. On Tuesday morning, it being known where tho w it- ness was lodging, he was pulled out of his bed by a number of Irishmen and women, and an attempt was made to burn the clothes on which he had slept in the streets. He escaped from their violence with sundry scratches and went into the police station. At midnight he was escorted out of the town by Mr. Superintendent Stockdale. He is now supposed to be far from the violence with which he was threatened. SHIP LAUNCH.—A beautiful vessel was launched from the building yard of Messrs. Batchelor, Brothers, of this town, on Tuesday evening last. A large concourse of persons at- tended to witness the spectacle. The weather was exceed- ingly propitious, and the launch was an excellent one. The vessel is a barque of about 350 tons burthen, and owned by the Messrs. Batchelors. At eight o'clock she glided into the waters amid the acclamations of thousands. She is allowed to be a very handsome model. Her name is the iihondda, after the beautiful river of that name. TAIT VALE RAILWAY,—On Monday last the east branch of this railway and the staiths recently erected for the pur- pose of shipping coal more expeditiously, were brought into operation. Messrs. Geo. Insole & Son, who were the first, we believe, to ship coals in the Bute Docks, were the first also to take advantage of the beautiful machinery provided Z) y by the Railway Co. A complete cargo of coals w us shipped by them on the above-named day. We believe, with the Bute Docks and the Taff Vale railway, and the facilities they now respectively present to the trading community, Cardiff as a port stands unrivalled in the Bristol Channel. TAKE CARE OF Youit DOGS.—We find that the police have received strict directions by order of the mayor to de- stroy all dogs found at large in the streets of Cardiff un- muzzled, after the 26th instant. We caution all parties whom it may concern to be mindful of the canine race, as this exterminating warfare will be carried on without mercy. POLICE, MONDAY, JULY 17.—(Present the Mayor and James Lewis, Esq.)-.betsy, the wife of George Smith, for- all assault on Thomas Rces, police-constable, of Merthyr, while in the execution of his duty, was fined Xl 7s., in- cluding costs. Alfred Richards, James and Lemuel Anderson, charged with stealing ducks, the property of Robert Davies, tailor, were remanded to Thursday. John Barry, charged with pushing John Kerr into the water 9 from a vessel off Penarth, on Sunday, was discharged it appearing that he was a person of weak intellect.——Joseph Baker was charged with assaulting Jane Bazeley, widow, on the 16th inst. Defendant went to Mrs. Bazeley's house about twelve o'clock on the night in question, and asked her what she had to say about his wife and children, and with- out waiting for a reply struck her two severe blows on the Z, stomach and shoulder. Fined 5s. and costs. Several cases of drunkenness and disorderly conduct were disposed of, and some other cases adjourned to Thursday. POLICE COURT, THURSDAY, JULY 20.—(Present, the Mayor, James and Henry Lewis, Esq rs.) -Frederick Aus- tin was charged with stealing a quantity of bacon, the pro- perty of Mr. Edmunds, Mason's Arms, in this town. P.C. Morris, sworn: Was standing just by the house of Mr. Wliapham, Bute-street, on the morning of Saturday week. The prisoner and another man passed by him; they were coming from the direction of the town. Saw a bag ou Aus- tin's back; it appeared nearly full. I went up to him and felt the sack, when he immediately dropped it and ran off. The second man ran off to Whitmore-lane. Witness ran after prisoner for 200 yards, until he was tripped by a sailor. He then turned back and secured the bag; found one ham, one flitch, and one shoulder of bacon. The man was dressed as he now is, with the exception of his round jacket, which, I believe, was turned inside out. It was between two and three o'clock in the morning. He had a blue cap on.—Prisoner asked the policeman, if he knew him why he did not take him into custody when he saw him after- wards ? The policeman said that he was engaged with a drunken man at the time.—P.C. Rawlins was called, and positively stated, in answer to a statement from prisoner, that he had never been in conversation with prisoner, when P.C. Morris was present.—The prisoner was remanded, as Mr. Edmunds did not appear. RichardM-(Jlode was charged with stealing apples, from the orchard of Mr. Campbell, at Canton.—P.C. William Jones sworn: At four o'clock last Sunday morning, I was on duty just by the Town- hall; a person came up Angel-street; he called to me he had a bundle in his hand. I went to him, and he told me that three men had crossed the river by the bridge, with apples. In consequence of this information, I went to Noith-stieet, and saw Richard M'Clode running towards the turnpike-gate. He afterwards crossed the canal, and I found him lying down in a bush. I told him to come with me; he gave me a push as he passed the canal-bridge, and made a spring to the canal and dragged me in with him. He was wet all over. As a. material witness was not present M'Clode was discharged on his own re- cognizance. Edward Morgan, Thomas Knight, and. Henry Alexander, were charged with robbing Henry Withers of two half-crowns, and beating him with sticks and leaving him for dead, on Sunday last about two o'clock in the morning; the prosecutor did not appear. Morgan was bailed. The magistrates spoke in strong terms of the disgraceful house which Elizabeth Alexander keeps on the Canal. It is the vilest and most degraded, receptacle of every sort of infamous characters. Knight, was bailed but Alexander was remanded.-—Alfred liichard, Jame's Christopher, and Samuel Anderson were taken into 'custody on Sunday morning on the Bute-docks for stealing ducks. No direct evidence was produced against the prisohera. 0 Christopher and Anderson were discharged. Alfred Rich- ard was discharged on promising to go to the workhouse.
MERTIIYII. POLICE, JULY 12.—(Magistrates present, W. Thomas and G. R. Morgan, Esqrs.)—Edward Picket was ordered to pay Is. Gd. per week towards the maintenance of his ille- gitimate child by Ruth Harries, and 13s. expenses.—— William Evans, Gellivcilog, labourer, was convicted in the sum of £1 and expenses for rescuing two pigs from the cus- tody of John Thomas, the servant of Mr. C. J. Powell, whilst they were taken to be impounded and in default of -payment he was committed for three weeks' hard labour to Cardiff house of correction. He was further charged with assaulting the said John Thomas, for which offence he was also filled £1 and costs, and committed for three weeks' hard labour, making altogether six weeks. David Evam was committed for trial at the assizes for stealing wearing apparel from the house of George Adams, Quarry-row. Margaret Evans, from the notorious cellars, was fined 10s. and expenses for assaulting Marianne Viery, from the samo den, and in default of payment she was- committed for 14 days to Cardiff house of correction. Froinci* was fined 5s. and costs for assaulting Mary Harries, and in default of payment she was committed for 14 days to Car- diff house of correction. Thomas Jones, collier, and Ebcnezer Morgan, collier, were fined £ 1 each and expenses for assaulting Thomas I-lier. Thomas Jones paid, Morgan did not obey the summons.. JULY 15.-—(Magistrate present, II. A.. Bruce,. Mills was fined 2s. 6d., and 4s. 6ii. expenses, for assaulting Catherine Flower. Paid.- Ihoinas Rccs, haullier, Wait fined 6s. 6d., and 13s. 6d. costs, for assaulting Mary Rees, a single woman, of Plymouth-street. Paid. I)ONVLAIS.-We rejoice to state that Sir John Guestbas. given orders for the furnaces that were out of blast to be put in as soon as pebble.. The mills also, are to be put in operation.
Imperial axHanunt. IIF>- HOUSE OF LORDS, THURSDAY, JULY 13. Lord Brougham brought in a bill for the prevention of seduction, which was not exposed to the objections which had been brought against' the bill of the Bishop of Oxford. It was read a first T.rne. The Independence of Parliament Bill was withdrawn. CRIMINAL LAW ADMINISTRATION BILL. Lord Campbell moved that the House go into Committee on this bill. The question had been mooted as to whether it would be ad- visable, in all criminal cases, to give the party convicted a right to demand a new trial, and the judges had unanimously decided that it would not. Lord Denman bore testimony to the unanimous opinion of the iiulges. He also objected to giving a right of appeal from the judgments of courts of quarter sessions on points of lay, which would amount to a practical defeat of the administration of justice. After a few words from Lord Brougham, who coincided with L-ord Denman, the House went into committee, and Lord Den- man moved to omit the first two clauses. Lord Campbell opposed the amendment, but did not press it to a division, so that the amendment passed, the first two clauses being struck out, and all the ethers agreed to. The Cruelty to Animals Prevention Bill was read a third time aiitt passed, and the House adjourned at seven. HOUSE OF COMMONS, THURSDAY, TULY 13. BOROUGH ELECTIONS EILL. On the motion for the House resolving itself into committee on tfus bill, Lord J. Russell moved that the orders relating to the B«rou»h Election Committee and the Horsham Borough Bill be discharged, with the view of asking leave to introduce a bill to inquire into the origin of bribery and corrupt practices at elections, winch, after some conversation, was agreed to. ENCUMBERED ESTATES (IRELAND) BILL. The House went into committee on this bill, and clauses up to ti were, after some discussion, agreed to. Mr. Napier moved the omission of clause 7. His object was to render the working of the bill more easy, by giving to the Lord Chancellor, or the Master of the Kolls, or both, in Ireland, a power to direct the mode and machinery by which, when the sale of an estate under this bill was agreed upon, that sale could be effected. The committee divided — Fur the clause 64 Against it 8-56 Clauses to 62 were then agreed to, and Col. Dunne moved that elause (j; be cniitted and ou a division there appeared- For retaining the clause 165 Against it <30—135 All the other clauses were ttien agreea to, atici the report was or- de-red to be received on Monday. Tiie Houhe adjourned at ore. HOUSE OF COMMONS, FRIDAY, July 14. The Earl of Lincoln again referred to the case of Mr. Isbis- ter. and the granting of a charter to the Hudson's Bay Com- pany as regards Vancouver's island, with notice of a further question or motion on the subject for Monday next. In reply to Mr. H. A. Herbert, the Chancellor of the Exchequer stnted that it was his intention to introduce a bill in the present session for the better regulation of savings banks in Ireland. In answer to Mr. Barklv, the right hon. baronet further said tlLH he should on Monday next irove that the House go into committee on the rum duties. DESTITUTE POOR (IRELAND) EILL. On the motion of Sir G. Grey, the lords' amendments to the .Evicted Destitute Poor (Ireland) Bill .were considered, some of which having been cgreed to, and others dissented f-uin, a committee was appointed to draw up reasons with re- spoct to the latter, to be delivered to the lords at a conference to be demanded on Morub v next. PUBLIC WORKS (IRELAND) BILL. On the question that the Public Works (Ireland) (No. 2) Dill be read a second time, Mr. A. Stafford moved that it be read a second time that day six months. After a discussion, involving the proceedings had under pre- vious acts, the amendment was withdrawn, and the bill was redd a second time. POOR REMOVAL BILL. On the question of agreeing to the lords' amendments to the Poor Removal Bill, the Speaker called the attention of the House to the circumstance thut some of the amendments might be held to be an interference with the privileges of that House, I ";L1:d J. Russell observing that inasmuch as it had been cus- oil bills connected with the administration of the poor- law to waive thac consideration, he should recommend the House to adopt a similar course in the present instance. After a conversation, the lords' amendments, as suggested by Lord J. Russell, were agreed to. The various other orders of the day having been disposed of, either by passing the bills through their stages, or by post- ponement, that for receiving the report on the Places of Wor- ship Sites (Scotland** Bill was read, when Sir J. Graham said he had intended taking the sense of the House on an amend- mcuit which he had contemplated proposing, which went to the principle of the bill, but, inasmuch as the question had come ÐH earlier than was anticipated, he should refrain from doing so until the third reading of the bill was moved. After an intimation from the Chancellor of the Exchequer that a bill was ready to be submitted on the subject of Irish savings banks, Mr. Reynolds deferred his motion for a select committee on the subject until that day week and the House adourned.
REV. DR HAMILTON. We fear that whilst we write these lines, this great and honoured man is no more an inhabitant of earth. 110 was on Tuesday morn- ing in a dying state, and not expected to survive for 18 hours. His faculties were unclouded, and his confidence in the groat Redeemer unbounded. Alas for us But what a gloriouschange for hiin!
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TO CORRESPONDENTS. It. is our invariable rule not to insert any communication without jxtesessiug ill confiticnee the lCalnamc of the writer. The lengthened space which we have been compelled to devote to our deeply interesting assize intelligence must satisfy our eorre- s.»ondcnts for the non-appearance of their communications. :i T. P." Quite impossible, and quite improper, for private in- dividuals, however amiable and praiseworthy. If we adopted such a course, we should soon be the laughing stock of the country. H. \V. II." and W. E." Nest week with pleasure. Bvodor (3or Mynycld Troed." We are very loath to insert an anonymous letter to the Rev. David Charles, A.L. but if you ha "e insurmountable objections to let your respected name appear, wo shall deem it our duty to insert your communication next week. We retired from the contest simply because we found it impossible t-o- write without .olll1ding 'the rev. gentleman's feelings, which we desired to avoid and because there was no necessity for our yritiiigt as he had not, in our opinion, combattod a single argn- ment in our letter. *• J. IV. have repeatedly announced that we cannot return rejected communications. IFe do not like to do so on account of the expense, and we camwi do it because they are de- stroyed. Sulwr"— We thank you. Gtcirimedd is very harmless, we have not space just now. H."—Next week. Not received. "1). II. Sirluivsy.—Too lttB to allow of our complying with your request. Morgan Morganwg."—Many thanks to you. We will do what we can to satisfy you shortly. ICeep the stamps. The papers in Cjuestiwi will be font you by the Editor, JANKH WELLS." —Inadvertently omitted—next week for certainty. KiOiATCM.—In the (i John Groyo. p. 6, col. 4, for jw/ft-stoue, read griutliug-atoae.
LITTLE LORD JOHN AND THE DOINGS OF PARLIAMENT. Oil! the Whigs, the Whigs, with their exceedingly little lord, how intent they seem to blot out from the page of history the record of all they have done to deserve even the tiniest praise. My Lord John" has proved himself indeed to be what Punch in his admirable cartoon declared, not strong enough for his place." At the commencement of the present Parliament, with gaudiest livery, the crimson and gold of Church and State upon him, he presented himself t) to the House of Commons, little in dimensions, but big in promise. Though a "light weight," still he strutted forth a man of metal. And now, on Monday last, after a pro- tracted session, he gets up in his place in Parliament, and leisurely doffing the uniform of his servitude, declares he has been unable to do what he had undertaken to do, and sub- stituting the jacket, cap, whip, and spurs, he halloos out with a voice surprisingly loud for so little a man, "Hey, boys! Tallyho! to the cover." Parliament is virtually over. Lord John Russell has de- clared the whole that is to be done what measures are to be abandoned and what to be prosecuted. All that remains to be done is mere routine business. Statesmen have done their work, and precious poor work it has been. It asto- nishes us that men possessing so much common sense as the middle classes of this country should permit such legislation as have taken place in Parliament of late years. 1 he whole time of the House has been taken up with talk, fine talk, incessant long-winded talk; with personal abuse and mutual recrimi- nation and with passing private and railway bills. As to tho condition of the people, and the real interests of the country, the House never bestows an hour upon it. It is too vulgar C, a subject for aristocratic minds to think about.' What has little Lord John and his very little Government been doing? Worse than nothing. They have been doing, and undoing, and introducing measures, but to abandon them. Read the little lord's speech on Monday last, and he will become so diminutive to the vision that political eyes will scarcely see his whereabouts. Loud was the voice with which he summoned Parliament together, to discuss matters of high and mighty moment. The deep bass of the lion has dwindled down to the shrill treble of the gnat. At the commencement of the extraordinary session held before Christmas, the monetary affairs of this kingdom was sub- t) jected to an ordeal that threatened to involve the whole mercantile community in ruin, and it had well nigh done so through the working of an act which is a disgrace to our 0 statute book but what has been done to avert a recurrence of the calamity Nothing. Ireland too was in arms, and great were the promises of measures to be proposed for her pacification but out of pure respect for the laws and the dignity of Government, a coercion bill was immediately ne- cessary—that granted, remedial measures were to follow; but the coercion bill has long since been passed, and more lately a bill with a similar object, making" open and ad- vised speaking" felony. But after a year's legislation, not a remedial measure has been carried worthy of the name; and poor Ireland, down-trodden Ireland, one of the most beautiful and most fertile islands of the sea, with the high- est capabilities for commerce, with a people, despite the filth and laziness of those of them that infest our shores, we be- lieve, under a benignant rule, would become contented, prosperous, and happy,—this Ireland and these Irish, le- gislation for them being ended, are now left a prey to civil commotion, and to the dealings of the soldier and police. Oh! it is a burning shame. Our heart is heavy with the thought, that so much cause should be given by the British Parliament for the violence and excesses of Irishmen, and that they should foster in the breasts of the children of Erin a desire to destroy the national alliance that exists between them and us—an alliance that might be made beneficial to each, and become what it ought to be-a chain uniting equals in brotherhood, and not a chain of a brothers' bondage. The Whigs are only great in opposition. When they want" the place," how blustering, how furiously radical they are then. They can do everything, and are prepared to do it. Only let us get into power and then you shall see. We have seen enough: they have been tried many times, and now as ever they are found miserably wanting. In the Queen's speech we were promised an alteration in the Navigation Laws, and this, the only measure of mark and any- thing approaching statesmanship has been abandoned. It is true they have carried, or have determined to carry, for that is the same thing, the Health of Towns Bill, and the bill empowering them to hold diplomatic relations with the Pope of Rome. They have meddled with the sugar duties, and in doing so have truckled to the West Indian nabobs, and departed from the free trade principle which they so lately espoused, and in amending the laws concerning this matter have made them 1, The worse, for mending washed a fouler stain." But will these things satisfy the country P We opine not. The time is coming when Parliament will be the arena for something better than rhetorical gladiatorship, and when those sent to the House of Commons will find something else to do than faction fighting1 and academical displays. The country will never rest satisfied with little lords, and with the doings of a Parliament as little as their leaders, and which for littleness would be too insignificant for Lilliput.
TO T. W. BOOKEIL, ESQ., HIGH SHERIFF FOR THE COUNTY OF GLAMORGAN. MUCH RESPECTED SIK,—An awful prospect is before you, and from the depths of my soul you have my sympathy. By the law, YOU are to be the instrument to carry into effect its sentence of DEATH just passed on two of our unfortunate fellow-men. Is not the bare Vnougiit abhorrent to your soul? 1 believe it is. Have you the courage to refuse to carry this dread sentence into eflect ? To encounter the consequences of such refusal ? Are you prepared to brave the scorn, and welcome the contumely of many, calling themselves your friends ? To set yourself in array against an ini- quitous and unchristian :law ? I pray Almighty God to bestow this courage upon you, Tens of thousands—the best of the land- are ready to support you in so holy a cause. What will be the con- sequences ? Possibly a heavy fine. Possibly the total abolition of all capital punishments in this country. Possibly the saving of the lives of these men for years, and their SOULS for EVER! The fine would be enthusiastically repaid you in full measure, by rejoicing subscribers. Your name would live in the thoughts of a frateful people, as one of the foremost 'benefactors of your race, listoiy would enshrine your memory amongst the noblest of men; and great would be your reward in Heaven Let me entreat you to reflect solemnly on these things to act in the fear of God as your conscience dictates and bow not to the fear of man. With great respect, I remain, sir, your obedient servant, HUMANITAS.