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GENERAL INTELLIGENCE. ...''-…

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GENERAL INTELLIGENCE. ■: THE CHARTIST TRIALS. CENTRAL CRIMINAL COUlT. The trials of the Chartist prisoners .took place during last They were all found guilty. On Monday the following sentences were passed upon them. The Lord Chief Justice Wilde entered the Court at five mi- nutes before seven o'clock, when the prisoners Jones, Eussell, Yemou, Williams, Sharpe, and LJoney were placed at the bar, when The Chief Justice, addressing them., said they had all been s-s»eraliy convicted of misdemeanour, some of themior sedition, -others for attending an unlawful meeting and sedition and Williams had, ia addition, been convicted of .riot; but in that case, as the person who was tried with him for an offence arising out of the same transaction, and lie was acquitted of the riot, which probably would have been the case with him if he had not piL- Ldo guilty, the Attorney-General had requested that j udgmcat might not be passed upon the count charging him "with riot. The offences of the whole of them partook of one common character. Under the pretence of exercising the most valuable right that an Englishman could possess, that of public discussion, they had made it a pretext for uttering seditious and indammaco.-y speeches, for the purpose of exciting disaffection in the minds of their hearers, and stirring them up to oppose the authorities of the country and they would find upon re- ierring to the circumstances of each particular meeting, that at no period of them was any real or supposed grievance pointed out; and the only object appeared to be to assail the Govern- nent and the authorities of the country with violent and in- tiaramatory epithets and abuse. They had by these proceed- ings put iii jeopardy the valuable right and privilege of holding .public meetings; for, if they were allowed to be made the ineans of exciting the people to revolution, it rras quite evident that public meetings must be done away with. It could not be borne that large numbers of people, many of whom were proba- ble suffering distns; and privation, should be brought together, and that they should be told by persons like the defendants, that they were entitled, to share in the wealth of the country, and that their interest would be advanced by overthrowing the Government of the country, for that was evidently the object and effect of all the addresses that formed the subject of pro- secution. They had, all been defended most zealously and ably, and they a-laiit that their several cases had been fairly left to the jury and after a careful consideration, the jury had de larotl them guilty. Ile had himself referred to different authorLes with a view to guide him 'S to the punishment that ousht to be pronounced. Sedition had seldom risen to the ^ight it had in their case, but it had always been punished very heavily and even in cases where only a single sentence had been proved, the sentence had been very severe. He nvishei h's dutv would allow him to look at their cases in a fa- vourable light, but he must confess that he saw no palliation for their offeii.-e. When he recollected the nature of that offence, its probable result, and that they were probably only deterred from exciting some desperate outbreak by the zeal and cnergy with which their proceedings were met by the Government and the respectable classes of the community, he felt that the pub- lic safty a warning to others required him to pass a severe sentence. The leam0d judge then passed sentence upon Fus- scll, whom he ordered to be imprisoned upon the charge of se- dition for two years, and for the unlawful assembly for three months and he was, in addition, ordered to enter into his own lecogniz tn-es in. jElOO, with two sureties in £ -50 each, to keep the peace for five years. Williams was the next sentenced. The sentence upon him was two years* imprisonment on the first count, one week on the second, and that lie also should find sureties iu the same amount as Fuss 11 to keep the peace for three years, Sharpe was thea sentenced to two years for sedition, three ■Tiioaths for the unlawful assembly, and find the same amount of sureties as the others to keep the peace for three years. Vernon was next called forward. The learned judge told ,hi a that his sentence was, that he be imprisoned for t wc) years, and find the same sureties as the others to keep the peace for .three years, Vernon iii what prisan they were to be coniined ? The Chief Justice in the new house of correction for Middlesex. The defendant wished to know whether they were not to be -treated like human beings. Since they had been in gaol they had been compelled to tear their meat with their teeth, and to endeavour to get the peel from the potatoes covered, with gre iso, in the same manner. The learned judge said lie had nothing to do with the J'egu- 1 itlons of the gaol, but they must of course abide by them, whatever they were. Looney was then called up. lIe was sentenced to two years' imprisonment upon.the count for sedition, two months fox the unlawful assembly, and to find the same amount of sureties as "f,12 last defendant to keep the peace for two year. When the sentence was passed Looney -laughed, and said, 4; Very well, that will do." Ernrst Charles Jones was ,thCR brought forward. He had -evidently made up his mind to give a political address,' and he .commenced by asking permission to make a few observations °tQ the Court, The Chief Justice told hiru, that if he could direct his atten- -t on. to anv circumstances that might tend taincluce him to re- view the decision he had come to, he would willingly listen to him, but he must confine himself to that, point. The defendant then proceeded to make a long statement of iiis political views, declaring that he was a Chartist from con- -.vi .'tijn, that the Charter was the only thing that would save tha oouatrv, a id relieve the middle classes from the burdens iU-iier which they laboured. lie was going on at great length, whe-i he was stopped by Tae Chief Justice who s i I he did not sit there to discuss -political questions with him. If he could suggest any tiling, rjifr Jy to induce him to re-consider his decision, he would wil- lingly listen to him, b it it was useless for him to enter into oaatters that were 1 )ta ly irrelevant. "The learned judge then .ent::n..cd Ài:n. t; b; imprisoned for two yeais, to find two sure- ties in jE 150 each, and to enter into his own recognizance of £ 200, to keep the peace for five years. When the sentence was pronounced, Jones addressed the Court, and said, "I wish your lordship good night, and may you sleep with the motto of the Charter round your neck, and no surrender." This closed the business of the session, and the Court then adjourned to Monday, August 21.

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