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Ulcfcfcfo. HANES YR EGLWYS GRISTIONOGOL. Gan David Morgan. 2 gyf., Splyg.—[History of the Christian Church. By David illoi-gctit-I ESBONIAD AR LYFR Y DADGUDDIAD A RHANAU 0 LYFR DANIEL. Gan David Morgan, Gweinidog yr Efengyl, yn Llanfyllin. Dolgellau: Evan Jones, 1844. 1 gyf., Splyg. [An Exposition of the book of Revelation, and portions of the book of Daniel. By David Morgan, Minister of the Gospel, Llanfyllin IIANES YMNEILLDUAETH Lq HEGWYDDORION A'I HARFER- IADAU EI DEeilREXJAD .1 CHYNYDD EI IillWYSTRAU A'I SEFYLLFA BRESNOL, YN ENWEDIG YN NGHYMRU. Gan D. Morgan, Llanfyllin. Dolgellau: Evan Jones, 1848. Hhan IL-[Ilistory of Dissent: its Essential Prin- ciples and Forms its Origin and Sitecess: its Difficulties and Present Position. By D. Morgan, Llanfyllin. Part II. 8 co.] The literature of Wales! Does it exist or not P Is it an echo of byegonc days, or is it a voice that speaks to us from the past and the present ? Have we any works that will fur- nish exercise for the head and food for the mind ? Are there any treasures in our mountain cottages, and on the shelves, or in the neat bookcases, in our farmers' houses-any works that the present and generations to come will not willingly let die ? Where are our standard works that will bear comparison with those of our neighbours over the Se- vern ? Have we any exponent's of great principles and his- torians of the greatest events that have transpired in, and have startled our world since the dawn of the Christian era ? Reader, if thou wishest for a full and satisfactory reply to these questions, go not to tsen, who indeed speak our lan- guage, but who have never explored its literature, men who are Welsh by accident, and who are ever quarrelling -with fate for being so,—go not to the wretched evidence given by skeleton patriots to hireling spies, but go and read, pon- der and think over the solid, substantial, and massive pro- duction of that old, laborious, indefatigable, and honoured Welsh minister, David Morgan, of Llanfyllin! Say then if we have no literature worthy of the name! Most of our readers are aware that Mr. Morgan has held the foremost rank in the ministry among the Independents for about forty years. He yet rcmaineth with us, and is now engaged in publishing his long promised History of Dissent, a work, for which, perhaps, no living Welshman is better adapted, so far as laborious research, fidelity, sincerity, and attached de- votion to principles are concerned. With very few exceptions, the companions of his early life" are gone, the brethren who welcomed the entrance of a giant to the ministry are de- parted but he remains to declare unto us the wonderful works of God in the mighty change which the last forty years have witnessed in the principality. The History of the Christian Church was Mr. Morgan's first great work. Just at the commencement of the IJysq- edi/dd, in 181-22, he commenced a series of papers on Church Historv, which were continued almost without interruption till 1:;28. A few years afterwards these volumes were pub- lished, and have had, we believe, an extensive sale, so that the number of the unsold copies arc not numerous. From the examination we have been able to bestow on other Church histories, we have no hesitation in saying that a better, more comprehensive, and useful work does not exist in the English language than these Welsh volumes. There is, perhaps, no branch of study that the young men-of our congregations should cultivate with greater assiduity than Church history. A thorough acquaintance with the events that have befallen the Church from the days of Christ to the present hour, would spare us many hours of anxious thought on doctrines that have long since been exploded, and about forms and ceremonies that re-appear with great pomp and majesty. The silent but sure monitions of history would teach us that there is no new thing under the sun. History, in the days of Solomon, was not so well cultivated as in our time; for by its aid there is a remembrance of former things;" and it bids fair to perpetuate the things that are, to those that are to come after. We arc now enabled to de- tect things that have been already of old time, which was before us." o It must ever be a source of satisfaction and de- light to Mr. Morgan that his divine master has so highly honoured him as to order his becoming the historian of his own Church through the long period of eighteen centuries. He has executed his work with credit to himself and so long as our language will remain, it also will remain a mo- nument of patient research, unwearied diligence, and un- quenchable devotion to right principles. The exposition on the book of Revelation, and such por- tions of the book of Daniel as are supposed by the author to have reference to the present time, is a work of great merit. In saying this we do not, of course, pledge ourselves to all the doctrines it contains, and do not expect our readers to do so. Mr. Morgan is a thorough-going Independent, and is not over-complimentary to other forms of Church govern- ment." His theory is, that the Revelation is a history of Christ and his Church. It is the counterpart of Church his- tory from the days of John to the millennium. He does not consider that it lias so much to do with civil as with ecelesi- astical matters. In expounding it he always bears in mirid the declaration of our Divine Redeemer before Pilate, My kingdom is not of this world." State Churches, therefore, as such, are not considered Churches of Christ. He will not acknowledge as Christianity those systems which are worldly and temporal in their nature. Popery he does not confine to that ecclesiastical system, the leader of which re- sides in the Vatican. It is with him not a mere name, but the incarnation of certain principles. Wherever those prin- ciples arc found embodied in an ecclesiastical form, there he finds Popery. No matter where, whether in. the Church of England or Scotland, or any other Church connected with the State, or any how demonstrating a worldly, oppressive spirit; wherever these things exist he discovers the Man of Sin," and the Mystery of Iniquity." The application of the book is not local and temporal; the principles are general and applicable in every land and every country where Christianity lives, and where the opposite principles prevail. The development of principles is with him the key of in- terpretation. He is thus enabled to fix dates in accordance with his own theory. He conceives the end of the 1260 days will take place in 1866. Then there will follow thirty days or years when the seventh angel will pour his vial unto the air, and there will come a great voice out of the temple of heaven, from the throne, saying, It is done;" and then, too, there will be "voices and thunders and lightnings, and there will be a great earthquake, such as was not since men were upon the earth, so mighty an earthquake and so great." A fearful combination of opposing powers will be formed against the Church, as well as against Civil and Religious Freedom. This will be the period when the phial will be poured, into the air," which will occasion tri- bulations, disturbances, and revolutions without parallel in the preceding history of civil and etch siastical systems. These will continue more or less for thirty years, at the end of which the beast and the false prophet, which have de- stroyed religion, and prevented every reform f, r the sake of upholding their greatness, their vorldllncss, and tyrannical power, will "be overthrown. After these things Satan will be bound in the commencement of the 4;3 years, or about the year 1890. These periods, in Mr. Morgan's opinion, coincide with the dates given in Daniel xii. 11, 12,—" And from the time that the daily sacrifice shall be taken away, end the abomination that maketh desolation shall be set up, there shall be a thousand two hundred and ninety days. Blessed is lie that waiteth and cometh to thousand three hundred and thirty-five days." Now, if we understand Mr. Morgan correctly, he divideth these dates into three periods. The 1890 days are divided into two-1260, and 30 days. The commencement of the former period he fixes at 606, when the "Man of Sin," or 13onifacc II., was actually made the head: of the Church by Phocas. These,, therefore, will carry us down to the year 18GG, and the second period must com- men.ee consequently in the same year, and extend to 1896. In this period" the seventh vial will be poured, when, accord- iac to Mr. Morgan, those kingdoms which have usurped the z, n mediatorial offices of Christ, will suffer extraordinary tribu- lation. "It is not," he says (p. 358), "improbable that troublesome times should take place, and that an unpre- cedented commotion should occur; because what power, what court, what cabinet, what throne, what kingdom, or what civil and ecclesiastical institution throughout Europe in these days, that are not preparing and exerting themselves to the utmost to withstand every measure of reform beailng the slightest indication of justice, and the religion of the New Testament. Either God must yield to the proud and stubborn world, or he must subject it by his judgments. Every moral means have failed to answer the purpose." The i forty-five years will commence, as we stated before', in the last ten years of the present century, and will extend to the year 1935, ov thereabouts1, when the glories of the millen- nium are expected to dawn. We are sorry that we cannot bestow on this excellent work the attention it deserves. It has, however, our cordial recommendation, if we may be pardoned the presumption of recommending the work of such a man as Mr. Morgan. We believe, however, that his remaining days on earth may be considerably cheered, and his descent to that bourn whence no traveller returneth be made more easy, if his friends would buy up what copies he has on hand of these two works, and give him their cordial support in the com- pletion of his History of Dissent." To the latter work we shall return again as it proceeds. Meanwhile we trust every Welsh Dissenter will endeavour to have it, as well as Mr. Morgan's other works, in his possession.
JAMES KEN WAY, CROCER, NEATH, TS in immediate want of A FEMALE ASSISTANT, who is thoroughly acquainted with the trade, aud well versed in the Welsh lan<_rna2"e. A RESPECTABLE YOUTH is also wanted as an Apprentice. Neath, June 28th, 1818. WATCHES, CLOCKS, JEWELLERY, &c. WILLIAM JONES, Opposite the :Castle Hotel, Merthyr, and Castle-street, Tredegar, TTAS determined to sell the above articles as low as the adver- j | tixing shops the other side of the Severn, as the following list will show :— Al.L WARRANTED TO PERFORM CORRECTLY. £ s. d. Detached Lever, with maintaining power, and jewelled .« 4 0 0 y. to n;ark seconds and capped. 4 lo 0 Silver dial do. 5 2 ■Best finish do 5 15 0 Do. jewelled in four holes. 6 0 0 Do. with silver dial • o Vertical movement with gold dial and case 8 0 0 Do. double back 0 0 Best lever movement do 12 0 0 1 Eight-day clock in mahogany polished ease. 3 15 0 Do. with 13 inch dumb arch dial, canted case do 5 10 0 Do. in full column c ise, day of month hand 610 0 30-hour clock in oak case. 4 5 0 Eight-day spring clock .I. 3 0 0 Do. with glass to show pendulum 3 o 0 Do. inlaid with pearl 315 0 Second-hand watches in silver cases, from 0 10 0 Curb pattern gold guard, to weigh three sovereigns 3 0 0 Ditto do. to weigh four sovereigns 3 19 0 Fancy patterns 10s. extra Lady's coloured gold neck chains, from 5 10 0 London and Birmingham best jewellery, in fancy rings, brooches, pins, seals and keys, &c., at a small advance on the manufacturers' prices. Fancy goods, cutlery, &c., considerably under former charges. Gold, Silver, Shell, and other framed Pebble Spectacles, to suit all sights and eyes. Well-seasoned home-made HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE, FEATHER and MILPUFF BEDS, MATTRASSES, &c., ex- tremely cheap. READY MONEY NO ABATEMENT. _4_ -o.o"=- CARMARTHENSHIRE. SALE OF A FREEHOLD FARM. MR. DAVfD PHILLIPS Will offer for SALE BY AUCTION, at the RUTZEX ARMS, in the town of NARBERTH, on THURSDAY, the 20th day of JVLY, 1848, rnilE. valuable Freehold Farm of "WERNLlGOS, situate in the J parish of Llanfallteg, in the county of Carmarthen, within 6 miles of the market and post town of Narberth, and one mile of the South Wales Railway, comprising a commodious farm house, with suitable out-offices, and 56a. 3r. 33p., or thereabouts, of excel- lent arable, meadow, and pasture land, now held by Mr. Henry Palmer, as yearly tenant thereof (whose tenancy will expire under I notice to quit oil the 29th of September next), at the low yearly reiit of E52 10s. • i r Wernligos is in every rcspcct calculated for the residence of a genteel family, situate in a good neighbourhood, abounding with game, and in which there isa pack of fox hounds regularly kept; the river Tave too, so famous for its trout and salmon fishing, runs through the land. Further particulars may be had by applying to Mr, W, Herbert Owen, solicitor, Narberth, at whose office a map of the estate may be seen. The tenant will show the premises. Narberth, June 20th, 1848. VINAIGRE DE BORDEAUX. \"1 "INK VINEGAR, well matured, is the finest and purest of all. Dr. Ure, in his Chemical Dictionary (new ed. 1848, art., Acetic Acid), speaking of Wine Vinegar, remarks, when the Wines are well-flavoured, it is preferable to every other for the 'a -io oftlie table." Sold throughout the kingdom, by chemists, grocers, and wine in jrchants, whose names may be learnt from the importers, W. AND S. KENT AND SONS, UP TON- UP ON- SE VER N. THE ORIGINAL HOWQUA'S MIXTURE OF 40 RARE BLACK TEAS AND MOWQUA'S SMALL LEAF GUN- POWDER. SSjf BY APPOINTMENT. *>0^I npHE reputation of these teas is now so thoroughly established, f thpt it is unnecessary to dilate upon their peculiar qttalhfe*. T^ey have acquired a cclebritv in a comparatively short period, un- paralleled in the annals of trade. Brocksopp, How, and Co., 233 and''>34 Hi"h-street, Southwark, London, feel confident that the superiority of their articles and their standing in the tea market, will suflicc to distinguish them from the puffing adventurers of the The Howqua's Mixture of 40 rare black teas is now reduced to 5S. 8D. PER POUND CATTY PACKAGE, and the Mowqua small-leaf Gunpowder, to 8S. OD. PER POUND CATTY PACKAGE, 1 and quarter catties may be hat1. To meet the requirements of families in Great Britain, the mana- r-rs of Howqua's and Mowqua's estates have commenced shipping it. SECOND GROWTH called SEMI-HOWQUA and SEMI- MOWQUA. which, while partaking of all the distinguishing qua- lities of the originals, are, as being more economical, better adapted far ordinary consumption. Semi-Howqua per pound catty package .5s. Semi-Mowqua pearl leaf gunpowder, ditto ditto 7s. C.V-U-Tio-Thesc teas are genuine only when contained in ori- ginal Chinese packages, secured with the seals of" Howqua and B.'ll^aud Co. also continue to supply their original and well- known package teas at all prices. THE CHEAPEST AND BEST COFFEE. Brocksopp aud Co. roast their coffees by powerful steam machinery, prepare them after the French manner. Great economy and improvement of flavour are the results. Coffees prepared by this process being 30 per cent. stronger than those roasted in the ordi- nary way. Per lb.— s. d. Per lb.-—s. d. Demcrara 1 4 Fine strong Mocha. 2 0 Fine Jamaica 1 8 Finest rich, old ditto 2 4 Packed in lead to preserve the aroma. N. B.-In reply to numerous applications received from private families', to be supplied with the above teas and coffees, the Com- pany most respectfully refer them to their appointed agents, this bvlag the only medium through which they may be purchased rot all. The trade eau be supplied with the coffee in the berry, in quan- tities of not less than one chest, roasted on the peculiar and patented principle.. igp"" An excellent living, if actively pursued, or a material addi- tion to income, with moderate exertion, is derivable from the sale of the above articles. Brocksopp# How, and Co. are now prepared to appoint agents in every considerable town:throughout the United Kingdom. Parties ÜcslrQug of becoming agents nrat-t therefore apply immediately, in onlcr that their names may appear in the advertisements. Fail particulvas of terms, with a price list, will be forwarded, by post, on application to Brocksopp, How, and Co., tea importers, 233 and 234, Borough, London. AOJèXTS FOR THIS DISTRICT:— CanUJf-Agent wanted VT Aberavron—W €m-cu, Pier-street Abergavenny—vV. H. Hurst, chemist, Neville-street Beaufort & Victoria Ii Qti Works—J. Jones, grocer& tea dealer Brvnmawr—David lidv.ards, Stamp-office Brymiiiiwr—John J ones, draper and grocer Brecon—Philip- Bright, chemist, Medical Hall Cardigan—Joseph C'tbaghcr Carmarthen—Win. Morgan, chemist, Lammas-street OriefchoweH—Ws> Christopher, chemist, High-street Dowlais-Davitl Lewis, elicmist, High-street Eolwyswrw—3; D. Evans, draper and tea-dealer D:,to P.. WatkiES, drape? and tea-dealer Williania, chemist, 17, Market-street Ditto-Gwynne Harries, chemist, High.strcet L:andilo Thomas James, bookseller.-gad stationer Llandovery—Rees Bishop, tea establishment, Stone.stret Milford nåycn-J. D. Merritt,. chemist Monmouth—J. Wightmau, Bookseller, Agmcourt-squane Narbtirth—J.ason Meyler, grocer and draper Newport—J'/Grout, stationer, High-street i)ltto— John Thomas, chemist, 154, CommereiaUstreet Newcastle-Emlyn—Thomas & Evans, grocers & tea-dealers. Ditto-Samuel Jones, groccr and tea-dealer Ditto— W. Laen, chemist, 1, Meyrick.-street Swansea—C. T. Wilson, Castle-iquara Teabv—Richard Mason, bookseller Tredegar—Isaac Edwards, hat-ter and t.
FRANCE. THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY. The President communicated to the Assembly the result of the ballot which had taken place in the Bureaus, for the election of its six Vice-President:, and two Secretaries. The following Vice-Presidents were returned:— George Lafayette 467 Corbon 453 Lacrosse 349 Armand Marrast 331 Cormem. 295 Portalis 290 The two Secretaries were re-clectcd-M. Oscar Lafayette by 487 suffrages, and M. Pean by 302. The next order of the day was the decree presented on Monday, by the Minister of Finance, relative to the conclu- sion of a loan of 150,000,000f. with the Bank of France. The first article, authorising the Minister to contract that loan, and the second, empowering him to transfer as a gua- rantee to the Bank income of the Sinking Fund to the amount of 75,000,000f. and to dispose of forests of the State to that of 75,000,000f. more, were passed, the opponents only ob- jecting to the sale of the forests. The discussion on the project of decree opening at the Ministry of Finance a credit of 3,000,000f. annually duriag ten years, for the purpose of encouraging the principle of association among labourers, was then proceeded with and adopted without any opposition. The Reporter of the War Committee ascended the tribune, and stated that it had approved the proposition of M. Remilly relative to the establishment of a camp of 50,000 men in the Champ de Mars, It had, however, modified it, and recommended that the effective military force, perma- nently stationed in Paris and its environs, after the 20th instant, should not be under 50,000 men. General Cavaignac, President of the Council, replied that the executive power had not waited the order of the Assem- bly, but taken upon itself the execution of the measure. There were at present 50,000 men in and about Paris. He pledged himself shortly to lay before the Assembly a general project for the defence of the territory. M. Trousseau next asked General Cavaignac if it was his intention to continue much longer the state of siege, and the suspension of the journals whose presses had been placed under sequestration. General Cavaignac replied that a Government should be very confident of the assent of the country to assume the re- sponsibility of such a measure. But he felt so energetically supported by public opinion, that he did not hesitate to de- clare that the state of siege should be still maintained for some time. Its application was so mild that it could inspire no uneasiness. The relaxation of the measures relative to the press, would depend on circumstances. M. de Lamartine has addressed the following letter to the Coiistittitionnel:- SIR,-From respect for the crisis of my country, as well as from respect for the public good sense, I let pass without answer- ing it, the flood of malevolence, calumnies, and absurdities which always submerge for some time the names, the acts, the intentions of the men whom events elevate or precipitate during a revolution. Light will, however, make its way, and will show each fact and each man in their true character. I am not impatient for justice, for I doubt not the future. "But I read this moment, in your number of the 6th of July, a fragment of an article taken from the Debais, in which the de- lirium of calumny is pushed to the following imputations 'In the latter days of February, the paving stones were hardly replaced when the new Government thought of-re-erecting, in case of need, the barricades against the National Guard, and against the part of the population, which it pretended was animated with a spirit of reaction, an accusation which henceforth is applied to all the friends of social order. At that time a battalion of barricades was secretly formed, of which the members were to serve as in- structors in all the quarters, and who taught them theoretically the art of constructing barricades with the utmost possible rapidity, and that of placing them to the utmost advantage. The barricades were marked on the plan of Paris. The edifices, the public buildings were tracked out which were to be marked out as cen- tral citadels. After this, no one will wonder at the able combina- tions displayed by the insurgents of June. They followed out a plan traced out for them undt.r the auspices of the Government itself.' I avow that, for the first time, the reading of these odious lines has made me depart from that silence which I had imposed upon myself till the coming of the day for explanation. To see myself, for my part, transformed into a professor of civil war, and a preparer of carnage-I who have every day for the last four months offered my breast to spare a drop of blood of my fellow citizens There is no answer-there is only a cry of indignation, which rises from the bottom of the soul, and which I pray you simply to register. Receive, sir, the assurance of my perfect con- sideration, LAMARTINE, Ex-member of the Provisional Government, and of the Ex- "Ex-member of the Provisional Government, and of the Ex- ecutive Commission of Government. "Paris, July 6,1848." The number of persons arrested in consequence of the in- surrection amounts to about 10,000. The vote of the Assembly on Wednesday is understood to have led to the resignation of M. Carnot, and the substitu- tion, as Minister of Instruction, of M. Vaulabelle, himself an undoubted, though not an ultra-Republican. The vote is considered a pi oof of the rising influence of the party, composed principally of old deputies, which holds its meet- ings in the Rue de Poictiers. It was in consequence of a recommendation from this party that the Government re- solved upon foiming a camp of 50,000 troops in the neigh- bourhood of Paris. The site said to be fixed upon is the plain near St. Maur, which General Lamorieiere on Tuesday inspected, in order to point out its position and arrangement. From the same source, however, from which we derive this information, we learn that the army of the Alps is not to be encamped near Italy, but to march on Italy. At present the Poictiers Club is strongly urging the Government to adopt effective measures for the suppression of the most dan- gerous of the clubs, and for the regulation of the press. The examination of the draught of the new constitution was adjourned in the Committees of the National Assembly on Wednesday, and the Bill on Education was discussed. There were several objections made to this bill, particularly on account of the expense entailed by it. Several Repre- sentatives, but particularly the Abbe Fayct and MM. Fa- vart, Maissiat, and Coulman, criticised the bill as restrictive on liberty, and as not giving a sufficient impulse to the pro- pagation of moral and religious ideas, The annual expense of such a system of instruction was estimated at from 50,000,000f. to 75,000,000f. (E2,000,000 to £ 3,000,000.) Nineteen insurgents were taken out of a cellar in the line St. Antoine after the fight in the Place Baudoyer (behind the Z3 Hotel de Ville), and, with the exception of one who escaped under a shower of balls, all were shot. The circumstances attending this execution, for such it was, were appalling, and recalled Lamartine's description of the massacre at the Abbaye on the 2nd of September, 1792. Some of them at- tempted to parry or escape the shots aimed at them, but one of them, exactly like the first of the Swiss who fell by the' hands of the butchers of September, presented himself erect and full front to the fire.—Times. The Paris papers of Sunday announce the death of Gene- ral Duvivier, who was Wounded on the 25th ult. at the en- trance of the Faubourg St. Antoine, and died on Saturday morning at the Military Hospital of the Val de Grace. It appears that he disregarded his wound at the commence- ment but inflammation and fever set in, and ultimately lock jaw, which terminated his career in the 54th year of his age. The death of General Duvivier, the cowardly nightly assassination of sentinels', particularly at Mont- martre, and the attempt, to murder a poor young lad, a Moveable Guard, at noonday in the Rue St. Martin on Friday, had revived the public indignation at the atrocities of the insurgents. The Journal des Debats publishes the following letter from M. Gamier Pages, signed likewise by M. Pagnerre,. former Secretary-General to the Provisional Government Paris, July 6. Sin,-Your journal of the day before yesterday contains an article which we cannot suffer to remain Smanswered. As loug" as we formed part of the Government, we thought it necessary to' maintain silence in presence of all the attacks of the journals. At present, our duty is to reply when facts are disfigured, and when public opinion may be set astray to the detriment of order and truth. We consequently declare to you that the details contaiaetl in your articles on a plan of barricades which the Provisional Go- vernment are said to have arranged against the National Guards,, and which the insurgents of June borrowed from it, are all false. We give the most formal contradiction to all the statements yott have made on that head. We pray you, in the interest of the j public, still more than in ours, to publish this declaration in your' next number. Accept, sir, the assurance of our distinguished consideration. "GARNIER PAGES, PAGNERBE." The Journal des Debats defends itself by quoting a para- graph from the Lien Public of the 2nd inst., in which the1 fact of a plan of barricades having been arranged after the revolution of February is stated. The Journal des Debats admits that it added under the auspices of the Govern- ment;" but it contends that it was justified in doing so, as- it is the natural deduction from the article in the Bien Pub- lie. The Journal des Debats says, in conclusion, that it was mistaken, and so much the better, and that it hastens- to acknowledge it. It regrets but one thing, and that is- that M. Lamartine did not address a contradiction to the Bien Public. FUNERAL OP THE ARCHBISHOP OF PARIS.—This melan- choly ceremony went off in perfect order, but with little pomp. The body of the deceased prelate, attired in his sacred ornaments, and borne on a sort of couch by eight National Guards, was preceded by the whole of the Parisian clergy and other religious bodies of the capital, and by a deputation of Representatives of the people. The couch on which the' remains of the Archbishop were exposed was surrounded by the bishops who officiated in the funeral service; the proces- sion was completed by a body of National Guards and regu- lar troops. The funeral train entered Notre Dame Cathedral at half-past 11 o'clock in the morning, having left the Arche- veche at about ten. The public were not admitted into the Cathedral. A long string of carriages were stationed in the neighbouring streets. The arms on the panels of the car- riage of the English Ambassador, who attended the ceremony, particularly attracted the attention of the crowd.
SPAIN. Civil war has commenced in Spain. A Montemolonist insurrection, headed by Cabrera, Elio, and Gomez, has bro- ken out in the Northern provinces. Elio had entered Navarre in the end of June and was then at the head of a. body of well-armed men, some hundreds strong. Cabrera has since joined him and published a proclamation, in which he says—" An avaricious,, false, and corrupt priiiee, taking: advantage of our divisions, in concert with a degraded princess, made an object of speculation of the Catholic throne of the Alfonsos and the Ferdinands. A matrimonial com- bination was schemed in the darkness of night; and the con- sequence of this combination is, that the crown that sur- passes in splendour every crown in the world may pass from the brow of women, who wear it without right, to that of a stranger without consideration, value, or title. France, already ashamed of having at her head the author of so vile a plot, has expelled him from her soil; while we Spaniards, looked upon as a people so proud, keep amongst us at the summit of power the author of this plot, and all her accom- plices, more than ever ready to profit by the fruit of their vile bargain." He calls Spaniards to the flag of Carlos Luis de Bourbon, and invites them to join him in the same val- leys and fields that witnessed his and their foimer exploits. MADRID, JULY 2.—The Gazette contains a Royal decree, countersigned by Senor Orlando. by which the exportation of gold coin or bullion is prevented, but travellers are allowed to take with them gold coin to the amount of 2,000 reals (£20) each. This measure is announced to be a tem- porary one, intended to meet existing circumstances. The accounts from Catalonia are chiefly occupied with notices and speculations about Cabrera's movements. Mr. Otway left for England by the mail yesterday; the other members of the legation have already left. Our accounts from Madrid are of the 4th instant. Gene- ral Prim had been removed from the government of Puerto Rico, and replaced by General Pezuela, who was himself suc- ceeded in the Captaincy-General of Madrid by Count Mira- sol. The Carlist chief, Alzaa, taken prisoner in Guipuzcoa, was shot at Tolosa on the 3rd. Letters from Barcelona stated that Cabrera and the Catalonian chiefs had united their forces at Samelas, but afterwards separated on the ap- proach of a column of the Royal troops. The Government had been informed that the Carlist General, Elio, entered Navarre on the 30tli ult.
ITALY. It is reported that the Italian war is about to be brought1 to an end by a treaty of peace, by which Lombardy and the Dutchies of Parma and Modena will remain in the posses- sion of Charles Albert; Savoy will be made over to France Sicily will nominate a son of Charles Albert King of that island, under the protection of Italy and the Venetian pro- vinces will form an independent constitutional state under the ex-Duke of Modena, and Austria will receive an indem- nity of four hundred millions, and at the same time be al- lowed to have a garrison at Mantua. Letters of the SOth ult., from the head quarters of the Piedmontese army, state that the aimy had again changed front. General Sonnaz, with 15,000, defended Rivoli, and observed the Upper Adige and the road from Verona to Pes- chiera. The Duke of Savoy, with the reserve—10,000 men —was stationed at Roverbello and Goito, before Mantua; and the King and General Bava, with the grand corps d'armce, (35,000 men,) were moving from Rovei 1,-eTio to Isola della Scala, with the intention of attacking Legnano on-the Lower Adige. The line of the Mincio was kept by the last reserve brought from depots in Piedmont, by the new levies of Lombardy, Parma, and Modena. Head quar- ters on the 30th were at Roverbello.
SAXONY. The sitting of the Second Chamber of the States of Saxony had commenced at Dresden on the 3rd instant, when their deliberations were interrupted by Dr. Braun, the President of the Ministry, who addressed the' Members as follows:- Saxony's noble Prince does not hesitate to acknowledge the decrees of the National Assembly, and, true to his given word, to resign the privileges of the Crown, a step necessary to obtain the unity of the great German fatherland. His councillors are authorised to announce this to the Chambers, and to demand their constitutional approval." The royal decree was then read aloud by the President of the Chamber. The whole Chamber then rose, with the exception of six mem- bitrs of the Left, and gave three cheers for Geimai.y, the gal- leries joining in the general enthusiasm.
DENMARK. Advices from Hamburgh and the Baltic bring the long- expected intelligence of the conclusion of an armistice be- tween the German Confederation and the Danish Govern*