NORTH WALES. CHESTER AND HOLYHEAD RAILWAY.—It is understood that the portion of the line from the other side of the Menai Straits tQjHolyhead is likely to be opened on the 1st of August. MOSTSN..—In oui last we noticed the death of Elizabeth, the beloved wife of the Rev. Hugh J?ugh, of Mostyn,, on Monday, the 26th ult. The unexpected death of this amiable wajnan created a mournful sensation in the neighbourhood. On the following Thursday her body was carried to the grave, and a very large number of people assembled on the occasion to tes- tify their regard for the deceased, and their sympathy with the surviving. In the chapel at Mostyn where the disconsolate husband officiates, Mr. Robert Roberts, of Mostyn, prayed, the Rev. Lewis Everett delivered an appropriate address, and Mr. Ellis Ellis, of Mostyn, concluded. After this service the body was followed by many hundreds of people to Zion chapel in the same parish, where the Rev, Mr. Jones, of Liverpool, prayed, and the Rev. Mr. Hughes, of Holywell, delivered an impressive sermon. In the yard adjoining the chapel, the grave was prepared, where the Rev. Mr. Price, of Denbigh, delivered a most affecting address, and the whole service was concluded with prayer by the Rev. Mr. Pierce, of Liverpool. The assembled hundreds seemed deeply affected by the ser- vices of the day. Four young children have been bereaved of a most affectionate mother. Her amiable temper and unaf- fected piety gained the love and esteem of all who had the pleasure of her acquaintance. We deeply sympathise with our esteemed brother, Mr. Pugh, in the severe loss he has sus- tained. In passing through the deep waters, may he be mer- cifully sustained!
THE LAST EDITION OF AN OLD TALE. Our readers will probably recollect that our last paper con- tained an extract from the Silurian, on Government Education and the Calvinistic Methodists. We published that edition without either note or comment, and we have a good mind to do the same with the following. But upon the whole we deem it advisable to say a few words on the question. This last edi- tion is given as an appendix to a very "wrathful" attack on the Rev. Edward Davies, Haverfordwest, and ourselves. Mr. Davies's crime consisted in his stating that the Silurian had made a connexional affair of the memorial of the Llantihangel Nantbran meeting, where as Mr. Charles pleaded that the docu- ment was not at all connexional, but purely individual and non-official, Mr. Davies inquired if we had seen any retraction of this mountain-making in the Silurian, and asked what could prompt the Editor to state that all the ministers and deacons present" at Llanfihallgel had signed the memorial, if it was not a connexional affair ? In reply to these questions, the Silurian complains that Mr. Davies does not write very elegant" Latin, and then challenges him to point out more than ONE of the ministers and deacons present at the monthly meeting who did not sign the memorial. Now, here lies the whole question. The Silurian has evi- dently misapprehended Mr. Davies, or pretends to do so. That gentleman (if we correctly understood him) intended to affirm that the memorial was really intended for a connexional de- monstration, and was published in the Silurian as such; but that Mr. Charles found it necessary to disclaim the connexional bearing of the affair, and throw the triumphal notes of the Silurian overboard. Such is the view we took of his letter. In a note appended to Mr. Davies's letter, we stated that we had seen no retraction in the Silurian, and that we did not believe the article in question was written by the Editor. After quoting part of our note, the Silurian stys,- Z, As we stated nothing but the truth, we have nothing to re- tract but would just advise the Editor of the PRINCIPALITY to make some slight effort to ascertain the correctness of the asser- tions of a correspondent before he undertakes to verify them." Unless this sentence is meant to blind the reader by leading him to think that we are answered by saying something, we cannot conceive what it is good for. We expressed no opinion on the official bearing of the memorial. We simply meant to affirm that the real Editor of the Silurian was not likely to know much about it, as we thought the article in question was not written by him. The style of the writer of the Educational articles in that paper is too well known to us to allow us to confound him with the Editor. Internal evidence is too strong. The difference is too marked. No persons who have read the Silurian for years will commit that mistake and our contem- porary must not imagine that the wonderful eloquence and sweeping assertions of those singular articles will be put down to the credit or discredit of his pen. It remains to be seen to what policy the Calvinistic Me- thodists have committed themselves. Unless public men are bent upon proving to the public that itofailli can be put in their public and pri vate pledges, there are men in that body who will not tamely submit to a connexional vote in favour of Go- vernment grants. We shall see. Meanwhile let us hear the Silurian In connexion with this subject, we are happy to say that we have been favoured by a correspondent with a copy of there- solution, passed by the Calvinistic Methodist Conference of North Wales, to which we made some allusion in our last week's paper. We therefore gladly subjoin it:— 'Resolved—That this Conference tenders its grateful acknow- ledgments to the British and Foreign School Society, for its kind consideration of, and service to Wales, and exhorts every congre- gation belonging to the Calvinistic Methodists in North Wales, as well as the towns of Liverpooland Manchester, to make a public collection in behalf of the Society, on the 13th of August next; and that the collections from each county be brought in at the en- suing conference at Carnarvon.' There is a slight' difference without a distinction'here—a more NOMINAL variation from the information which we published last week. Instead of the I Cambrian Educational Society,' we have The British and Foreign School Society,' which, in point of fact and principle, is the same thing, for the former is merely a local auxiliary of the latter. 'The grateful acknowledgments'of the connexion are tendered to the society 'for its consideration of, and service to Wales.' Now, it is by means of the Cambrian Educa- tional Society' that the British and Foreign School Society' ren- ders its services to our country. The former was established with the immediate design of carrying out the benevolent views of the latter with regard to Wales. In proof of this, we make the fol- lowing quotation from the prospectus of the institu- tion The Cambrian Educational Society desires to act as auxiliary to the British, and Foreign School Society, which will promote its objects, by continuing to admit into its Normal Schools suitable young persons from Wales to be trained as teachers by preparing elementary books in the two languages—English and Welsli-for the special use of schools in Wales; and by making grants of such books, and other school requisites, on the opening of every new school.' "It is universally known that the 'British and Foreign School Society' is in actual receipt of Government assistance, and that many who object to State grants, have on this very account with- drawn from it. The Welsh Methodists of North Wales, however, have no such scruples; the receipt of State grants is not such a crime in their eyes as to necessitate a repudiation of all connexion with such a society so little, indeed, is it viewed in this light, that they have determined to support it by a collection from every conqreqation belonging to the connexion in North Wales. In tak- ing the present step our Northern brethren have veryrroperly added a corollary, in which they disavow the design of expressing, in their connexional capacity, their approbation or disapprobation of the act of taking Government aid.' We respect them for this. They have done right not to compel any member, who may dis- sent from the general opinion on the subject of State aid, either to lose his membership, or to be represented as agreeable to it. We dislike compulsion in every shape. It was sufficient to ex- hort the churches to make a general collection in behalf of a so- ciety supported by Government grants, joined with the acknow- ledgments of the connexion for its services to Wales, to conveya11 the general feeling and wishes of the body on the subject; and while it was too delicate a matter to commit every member to an approval of Government aid, the North Wales conference has actually gone as far as it possibly could go, to express its opinion in its favour."
3$dtgrottS itnttlHgnuc. WELSH CONGREGATIONS, LONDON.—The Welsh Congrega- tional churches in London and the suburbs held their annual meetings this year in the following order On Sunday, June 4, at Bedford-street, Commercial-road, sermons were preached at ten, two, and six o'clock, by the Revs. D. Davies, Guildford street; Job Thomas, Deptford J. Davies, Mynyddbach; D. Williams, Llanwrtyd J. Evans, Capel Sion; and D. Thomas, 'da Nebo, On Friday evening at six o'clock, and the following Sunday and Monday at ten, two, and six o'clock, sermons were preached at Guildford-strect chapel, Southwark, to a very lar^e and attentive audience by the Revs. D, Williams, illanwrty, d J. Evans, Capel Sion; J. Davies, Mynyddbach I) Ilowells, Swansea; D. Jones, Middlemill; and I). Thomas-, Nebo. ;On Sunday, June 18, at ten, two, and six o'clock, ser- mons'were preached at Woolwich by the Revs. D. Williams, D. Davies, J. E. Evans, D, Morgan, and J. Thomas. On Sunday, June 25, sermons were preached at Deptford at two and ,six o'clock by the Revs. J.Davies, D.Jones, Phillips, Stepney. College, and Ili-imphi-eyii, Moorliclds. Between these stated meetings, sermons were preached at Fetter-lane school- rooms (Rev. C..Morris), by die following ministers :—J.Evans, Capel Sion; II. Davies, i D. Williams,. Llanwrtyd; and J. Davies, Mynyddbach. The congregations throughout these meetings were numerous, and on occasions overwhelm- ing the preaching was solemn and energetic, and multitudes felt the power of the world to come. We could not obtain the loan of the Surrey chapdon Whit-Monday, in consequence of a previous arrangement of the trustees of the church assem- bled there. The Welsh ground here received a large shower of good Welsh sermons, and it is to be hoped that the fruit will be practical piety here, and everlasting bliss hereafter.— Com- m unicated. BRIDGEND, GLAMORGANSHIRE.—On Wednesday and Thurs- day the 28t 1 and 29th of June, Mr. J. P. Jones, h te of Polity- -r pool College, was publicly ordained pastor of the Baptist Church meeting in Newcastle in this town, by which church Mr. Jones was chosen without a single dissentient. Messrs. Thomas (president of Pontypool College) Evans Pontrhv- dyryn; Evans, Cowbridge Jones, Carditf; Jones, Caerphilly; Meyer (Weslcyan); Roberts, Rhymney Hughes, of Llwyni, and other ministers took part in the services. The chapel wai crowded, and the meetings remarkably interesting. This neigh- bourhood comprehends a very extensive field, in which the lata venerable Mr. James, secretary of the Glamorganshire Associa- tion, laboured for the long space of twenty-one years and sel- dom has it been our lot to witness a young man commencing his ministerial career under more cheering prospects. May Mr. Jones enjoy the smiles of the God of his predecessors. TREDEGAR.—ANNIVERSARY OF SUNDAY SCHOOLS.—On Mon- day, the 26th ult., was held the anniversary of the Sunday schools of the various denominations of Dissenters in Tredegar and Sirhowy. The scholars, children, and adults, with their teachers, officers, singers, &c., were classed, according to their age and sexes, in six classes males from 20 upwards from 12 to 20 from 12 down to the infant. And females, according to the same classification, to the number of 2,393. The procession perambulated the streets and the vicinity of the town from the town circle over the Sirhowy bridge as far as Duke's town, and back by Carmel to the circle, and onward through S. llom- fray, Esq.'s pleasure ground. There were eight choir of-eingers singing apart from each other, between the various classes. Afterwards the procession entered the Welsh Baptist chapel, where (after prayer had been offered by Mr. Ambrose Williams) addresses were delivered by the Revs. W. Williams (Indepen- dent) in English and R. Ellis (Baptist) in Welsh. Every- thing was conducted with the utmost unanimity and Christian feeling.—Communicated. OPENING OF A BRITISH SCHOOL FOR THE NEIGHBOURHOOD OF GLANDWR AND HEBRON.—-On Monday, the 12th ult., the -cy above school-room, erected on the Glandwr burying.-ground, was opened for the purpose of carrying into effect a resolution passed at a meeting held at Glandwr on the 19th of April, 1847, which was to the following effect That an application be now made to all present for an annual subscription for five years, in order to enable a committee formed of such sub- scribers, to support a school on the most upright system of modern, monitorial, and moral education, free from any par- ticular sectarian principle." The chair was taken by the Rev. J. Davies, who addressed the meeting respecting the design of the institution. Mr. R. Perkins, after addressing a few ob- servations on the modern monitorial system of teaching, pro- ceeded to impress upon the audience the superiority of tlw voluntary principle when compared to the compulsory. The Rev. W. Davies, of Rhydyceisaid, spoke of the mentariaculty, comparing its coming into the world to a sheet of white paper, prepared for an impression. He (Mr. Davies) complained of the slanderous derision that has lately been thrown on our na- tional character; and took as his standard several rural districts in England where he has had an opportunity of being personally acquainted with the customs, morals, and devotion of the English people. They are below the Welsh people in then- customs and morals but as to their devotion or knowledge in any point of doctrine, they will bear no comparison with this assembly. The Rev. J. Evans was glad that so much had been done in this neighbourhood towards promoting education but considered it yet necessary that the acting principles should be thoroughly diffused over the neighbourhood. Mr. D. James concluded with a short address on the efforts of voluntary edu- cation in preference to the more costly Government system, and ti referred to the expensive administration of the Poor-law. The party then sat down to tea, which had been prepared gratui- tously by the praiseworthy neighbours, so that decorum and cheerfulness were to be seen throughout the evening. NARBERTH.—On Friday the 23rd ult. a very interesting lec- ture on the life and times of the Hev. Griffith Jones, of Llan- ddowror, was delivered in the Wesieyan chapel, by the Rey. T. J. Williams, Calvinistic Methodist minister*' ROBESTON WATIIEN NEAR NARBERTH.—The Wesieyan quar- terly meeting in connexion with the Pembroke circuit was hel 1 at the house of Mr. Samuel Garratt, Robeston Wathen, on Wednesday, June 23th. A great number was in attendance, and a more harmonious and happy quarter-day was never known in the history of the circuit. All present seemed to be animated and governed by the spirit of concord and love, and cheering accounts were given of the progress of the work of God in the different parts of the circuit. An increase of up- wards of 100 members upon the quarter was reported by the superintendent, and a balance of upwards of E8 in favour of the accounts was declared by the stewards. So satisfactory a state of finance, in times of such general difficulty and almost unprecedented pressure as the present, affords pleasing evidence of the extent to which sound and scriptural principle in refer- ence to the sustentation of the cause of Christ exists among the people. After the business was concluded, about a hun- dred of the friends sat down to partake of one of tha most sumptuous dinners ever provided on such an occasion since the introduction of Wesieyan Methodism into Wales. Shortl v after two o'clock the teachers and children belonging to the Narberth Wesieyan Sunday-school, numbering 150, preceded by the Messrs. Garratt on their poneys, and a band of in a carriage fitted up for the occasion and drawn by three of Alr. Garratt's celebrated horses, arrived, and were plentifully supplied with tea, cake, buns, &c., after which the tea-meeting for the benefit of a new Wesieyan chapel to be erected at Nar- berth commenced in a tent about 200 feet long and 20 wide, erected by Mr. Garratt for the occasion and ere it closed about four hundred partook of the cup that cheers but not ine- briates." Addresses were delivered by Mr. Garratt, the chair- man, the Revs. J. Rossell, a,.cl J. W. Davies, the ministers of the circuit, and Messrs. Bon;;i.veil, Warren, Dawkins, Allen, and Bolch. The work of Gocl upon the heart—the progress of Wesleyanism in the circuit—the necessity of extending sound scriptural education—together with a few appropriate remarks on the principles of the temperance reformation—were the principle topics of remark. About nine o'clock the meeting broke up, and c E,ClCh took off his scyeral way, Resolved to meet some lIther day," The whole of the expanses incurred in the erection of the tent, providing dinner, tea, &c., was borne by Mr. Garratt, to whom the Wesieyans of the neighbourhood are laid under deep and lasting obligation, inasmuch as the whole of the revenue de- rived from the sale of tickets, amounting to upwards of £ 20, is thereby saved to the chapel. HAVERFORDWEST TABERNACLE SUNDAY SCHOOL.—The teach- ers held their quarterly meeting on Wednesday evening last. There were present the Rev. J. R. Jones, Kilsby; Evan Davies, Esq., M. A., Principal of the Normal College, Brecon; and the Rev. Evan Thomas, Tierscross. The meeting was highly de- lighted with Mr. Davies's interesting description of the train- ing of the young, and of his experience therein. lie gave a very vivid account of Mr. Sherman's ragged school, in London, and of his tour through the different schools there, which, doubtless, could not fail to interest every one present. Mr. Davies then proceeded to give his. opinion as to the best mode of managing Sabbath-sehools, and libraries connected with them, after which Mr. Jones and Mr. Thomas addressed the meeting. The audience then separated, highly pleased with what they had heard. DENBIGH.—On the 22nd and 23rd ult., the annual associa- tion of the Baptist Churches of the counties of Flint, Merio- neth, and Denbigh, was held here. On the evening of the first day, the Reverends Ellis Evans, of Coin Mawr, and John Ed. wards, of Brynmawr, preached. At six the following morning Mr. G. Havard, of Pontypool, and the Rev. It. Roberts, of Plas-yn-bonwm, preached. At ten the Revs. D. Price, of Liverpool, and John Pritchard, of preached. At two, the Revs. Henry Morgan, of Dolgelley, Owen Owen, of Llanrwst, and David Roberts, of Cefn Bychan, preached. At six in the evening, Mr. Richards, of Carnarvon the Revs. D. R. Jones, of Liverpool, and W, Morgan, of Holyhead, con- cluded the interesting services of the day. The meeting was well attended throughout, and the sermons were of the first order, and delivered with the characteristic ability of the preachers of the Baptist denomination,
PETEKClIUliCIL ALLEGED MURDER op AN INFANT.—A considerable degree of excitement has prevailed in this beautiful neighbourhood in conse- quence of the discovery of the murder of a newly-born infant, the offspring of Ann Thomas, a cripple who has gone upon crutches for three or four years, and who had previously borne two illegitimate children, one of whom is a boy now eight yearr old, and the other a girl of five years; The facts are of the usual nature, and the details, which it is unnecessary, and perhaps un- fair, to repeat minutely before trial, unpleasant. Thomas Evans, Esq., coroner, held the ir.quest on the 20th ult., at the house of Mr. John Gwynne, and it transpired that there had been a gene- ral opinion that Ann Thomas was in a condition likely to increase her family. This, however, she strongly persisted in denying, but on Sunday she was observed to go out, and on Monday morn- ing early her mother, Catherine Thomas, and Catherine Howaid, (doubtless in consequence of information derived from herself) proceeded to a piece of newly-sown ground e-zilled the "Sixcer Acies," where they took up the dead body of a child slightly in- terred, and liavi.iit, dirt stuffed into its mouth and'ears. '1 here were the marks of "crutches near the spot, and the strongest sua-
brought against him:-First, that he had parted with a docu- ment which he had received as clerk of the magistrates, and which it was his duty to impound; secondly, that he did not attend a magistrates' meeting as required thirdly, that he had made charges, as clerk, without having them sanctioned by the sitting magistrates; and, fourthly, that in this bill he had charged for professional services for the prosecution, which were not compatible with the duties of his office. The pro- ceeding arose from a charge of forgery which had been com- promised. WEDNESDAY. The learned chairman took his seat in the Crown Court at eleven o'clock. The grand jury being sworn he proceeded with his charge and congratulated them upon the satisfactory state of the calendar, there being but two prisoners for trial, and that after having read over the depositions lie did not think the cases were of that description which was likely to give them much trouble, The jury then retired, when the following appeal was heard:- John Lewis, appellant, and John Morgan, respondent.—This was a case from Hay, against a conviction of the magistrates under the Malicious Injuries Act" for throwing oil of vitriol on certain wearing apparel, the property of £ he respondent.— Conviction confirmed with costs.—Mr. Pugh appeared for appellant, and Mr. David Thomas, Brecon, for respondent. John Bennett, labourer, was indicted for stealing a steelyard, the property of Richard Price. Prisoner who was out under bail did not make his appearance, his recognizances were therefore estreated. Da vid Jones, of the parish of Llanelly, labourer, was charged with stealing a duck, the property of Thomas Tranter, the prisoner was found Guilty, and sentenced to three months' imprisonment with hard labour. This concluded the business of the session. CARMARTHENSHIRE QUARTER SESSIONS. These sessions commenced on Thursday week, at Llandilo. On the motion of the Rev. T. B. Gwyn, seconded by Captain John Lewis, the chair was taken by J. Hughes Rees, Esq. The business did not commence until nearly twelve o'clock, in consequence of the non-attendance of a sufficient number of magistrates. The Clerk of the Peace stated that the Treasurer said that he should require a 2d. rate, Id. for the general purposes, and Id. on account of the instalments on Llandilo bridge. The account with the Messrs. Jones at present stood as follows :— At the last Quarter Sessions there was due to the Messrs. Jones £ 3,063, since which they had received E 1,346 6s. Sd., and also £ 349, the proceeds of the sale of the materials of the old bridge the total amount of the sale was about 1:500, but all had not yet been received. There was now due to the Messrs, Jones £2,911, and if a Id. rate was voted this sessions, that would reduce it to £1,011. He understood from the clerk of the works that in six months everything would be completed, and by that time they would be completely out of debt, with the exception of what was due to the Exchequer Loan Office. A 2d. rate was then voted. Capt. Scott's report was then read, from which it appeared that in the past quarter 326 summonses had been issued, and convictions taken place, whereas in the corresponding quarter of last year the number was 277, and in the year 1846, 324. The only offence committed in which the parties remained un- detected was the destroying of the Castell-y-rhingil toll-house, and he had been informed that if another house was erected it was also intended to be pulled down. A fid. police rate was then ordered, and the sun of E8 4 10s. 6d., the balance due to Captain Scott, was ordered to be paid. The Clerk of the Peace presented the report of the committee appcinted to make a new Poor Rate Assessment. They had concluded their labours, and he was prepared to hand in the returns. The difference in the amount of the proposed and present assessment was but small; the present assessment was, 'he thought, about E324,000, and the proposed one was £ 327,000 It would be necessary that the report should be taken into consideration at the next sessions, and in the meantime that the necessary notices should be given by the Clerk of the Peace. The expenses incurred by the committee, amounting to JE51 4s. 6d., were ordered to be paid, several of the magistrates re- marking that they thought they were extremely moderate. PEMBROKESHIRE MIDSUMMER QUARTER SESSIONS. These sessions commenced on Tuesday week, at the Shire-liall, Haverfordwest. In the absence of Henry Leach, Esq., through severe illness, the chair was taken by John Henry Philipps, Esq. COUNTY BRIDGES,—After the grand jury had retired, Mr. W. Rees drew the attention of the court. to the state of Fowl bridge, which was situate on the road from Haverfordwest to Little Haven, and divided the parishes of Haroklstoii West and Walton West. It was ordered. 0:1 the motion of the chairman, that George lloch, J. A. Ll. Philipps, J. Lloyd Morgan, and James Higgon, Esqs., be appointed a committee to inquire in respect to the liability of the county to repair Fowl bridge, and to report thereon. A similar order was made for Skerry Lake bridge. COUNTY ACCOUNTS.—The treasurer's account with the county was then passed, and a balance of E398 6s. carried to the credit of the county in the next account. The treasurer applied to the bench for a warrant against the overseers of the parishes of Me- line and Cosheston, for amount of county rate assessed at Epi- phany Quarter Sessions, 1848. He also applied for warrants against the overseers of all the parishes comprised in the Cardigan ;;nion, and parishes of Kilrhedin, Clydey, Penryth, Castleton, and Capel Colman, for amount of county road rate, ordered at Epi- phany Quarter Sessions, 1*543. Warrants granted. TRIAL OF PRISONERS. nïlliam Pullcn, labourer, indicted for stealing, on the 12th May last, at Cosheston, one silver watch, the property of Ann John. The prisoner pleaded guilty. He stated that he was driven to the commission of the offence by hunger. He expressed deep regret for his offence and prayed the merciful consideration of the court. The Chairman sa!d that the court saw nothing in the statement of the prisoner to induce them to pass a nominal sentence, but felt that they should not be doing their duty without passing a sen- tence that the prisoner be committed to the house of correction and kept to hard labour for eight calendar months. Thomas Davies, horse-breaker, indicted for stealing at Newport, on the 20th of November last, one watch, chain, and seal, the pro- perty of Juhn Owens. Guilty. Sentence, four calendar months' I-ard labour. Michael Conner, mariner, indicted for stealing on the 17th of May last, at Pembroke, a pair of trousers, a shirt, a pair of stock- ings, and a Guernsey frock, the property of Henry Abrams, cap- tain of the sloop Abra. Guilty. Sentence, one month to hard labour. Mr. M. James called the attention of the court to the case of Fdward Gregg, who was committed under the Vagrant Act to the Quarter Sessions, as an incorrigible rogue and vagabond. It ap- p cared that the village of Letterstone had lately become, the gene- ral rendezvous for all the vagrants, who arrive there towards; even- ing, and then apply to Canon Harries in the most impertinent in<mner for relief. Three convictions were then severally put in and read, the first dated the 1st of May, the second dated the29thMay, and the- 3rd the 29th May last. The prisoner stated that lie was a native of Worcester, and came to this county for work and having no money, he was compelled to beg. The Chairman sentenced the prisoner to four calendar months' imprisonment. OUll obituary of the present week announces the death of Henry I.each, Eq., of Milford. The loss of this gentleman will be deeply and sincerely regretted by all who have known his earnest and constant attention to the affairs of this county, and to tl,ie well-being of society in general. As a magistrate, especially, his faithful administration of justice has founded a lasting claim on the gratitude of tne public, which has indeed lost in him a friend and a father. And as Chairman of the Quarter Sessions and Board of Guardians, his strict and unremitting attention to the onerous duties imposed on him has left to his successors the best and brightest example of that high-minded conduct which regards no sacrifice of personal ease in the worthy and efficient dbdwrge of a public office. We scarcely need remark that Mr. Leach was an enthusiastic admirer of the New Poor Law, whose provisions he believed to be eminently adapted to the welfare of the clitis for whom they were designed; and it is no more than justice to say that none who have presided over its administrution have done more to smooth down what may have been deemed its harsher features, and to make it acceptable to all classes. Jlequi- i.'scat in pace.—Pembrokeshire Herald. CARDIGANSHIRE QUARTER SESSIONS, The Quarter Sessions for the County of Cardigan were held at the County Sessions House, in the town of Aberayron, on Tuesday and Wednesday week, before George Williams Parry, Esq., chairman, and several magistrates. TltlAI.S OF PRISONERS. John Cockle and William Taylor pleaded guilty to the charge of stealing a woollen shut and a pair of stockings, and were sentenced to three calendar months' imprisonment with hard labour, and to be three times whipped. A true bill having been found against James James, for riot and tumult at Cardigan, the prisoner surrendered in discharge of his bail and pleaded not guilty. Mr. Lascelles stated the case to the jury, but the particulars having appeared so recently in our columns, we do not think it necessary to publish them. The prisoner was found guilty, and sentenced to six calendar months' imprisonment with hard labour. William Thompson was found guilty of breaking into the house of the Rev. Lewis Gilbertson, at Cwm, near Aberyst- wytb, and stealing therefrom 5 sovereigns, 2 half-sovereigns, two f5 notes, a pair of Blucher boots, some bacon and a loaf of bread. On the 1st day of the Sessions the prisoner was sentenced to 7 years' transportation, but on the 2nd day he was brought up again, and was informed that the court had altered his sentence from 7 to 10 years' transportation. A true bill was found against William Jones, George Davies, William Ilickey, and Henry Davies, for house-breaking and larceny. In this case only three of the prisoners were in custody, the other having escaped from gaol, but the four were joined in the indictment. On the first day of the sessions the Clerk of the Peace suggested a difficulty which arose from the form of the indictment, and the absence of one of the parties against whom it was found, and the court ordered the prisoners to be brought up the following morning.-Next day Mr. Lascelles moved z, that a nolle prosequi be entered as to George Davies, and that the other three prisoners should be put on their trial, but the court, after consulting with the clerk of the peace, decided that a noli prosequi could not be entered till after arraignment, and that the prisoners could not be arraigned under the pre- sent indictment in the absence of George Davies. The indict- ment therefore was quashed, and the three prisoners were dis- charged but on leaving the sessions House they were again apprehended, and taken before a magistrate, who took the de- positions of the witnesses anew, and committed the prisoners to take their trial ut the next assizes. RunAL POLICE. On the motion of Mathew Davies, Esq., seconded by J. M. Davies, Esq., it was ordered that henceforth a rural police be appointed and established for the whole of the county, the same to consist of 1 chief constable, 1 superintendent, 3 ser- geants, and 19 constables, and a memorial to the Home Secre- tary of State, to the above effect, was signed by the magistrates on the bench. CARNARVONSHIRE QUARTER SESSIONS. We copy the following report and observations on a case at these SessioHs from our able contemporary the Carnarvon Herald. Charles 11farsh and George Richardson severally pleaded to an indictment, charging them with stealing, on the 22nd of April last, in the parish of Conway, a watch and two keys, of the value of twenty shillings, the goods and chattels of David Williams. Their plea was Not Guilty. Me. R. D. Williams, of the firm above named, opened the caae for the prosecution, very tersely, stating that the prisoners made a dash at the window of a watch-maker, and snatched a watch each; which, on being followed, they threw away. He then called Morris Jones, a boy in the service of the watchmaker, who dis- tinctly deposed to the main fact. The prisoners broke the window first. Each made a dash, and snatched a watch. They then ran away. The watch produced is the property of Mr. Williams. William Holt produced the watch. It was thrown away by the prisoners when they were pursued. David Williams, of Conway, the prosecutor, deposed to the fact that the watch produced was his. Mr. Turner, with great judgment, declined to address the Court, in a case where the evidence was so clear and full. After a brief recapitulation on the part of the Court, the jury returned a verdict of Guilty against both prisoners. To a charge of previous conviction both prisoners pleaded guilty. There was another bill found against the same offenders, for stealing the other watch, the property of William Edwards. The Court ordered them to be severally transported for seven years. On hearing the sentence, the prisoner Marsh threw a stone, which he had secreted in his pocket, at the head of the Chairman. The aim was wide of the mark. The missile struck the left arm of the oil portrait, which hangs over the beach, and perforated the canvass. A more ferocious and determined expression of coun- tenance we seldom saw. The prisoner would have repeated the blow had he had the means, and was removed with difficulty. TheChairman, after order was restored, commanded both pri- soners to be re-called. Marsh appeared more calm, but his fea- tures were compressed and rigid. He is obviously a most deter- mined character. The second indictment was proceeded with. It charged the prisoners with stealing a watch, the property of William Edwards. Both prisoners pleaded Not Guilty: yet, the same jurors were sworn, and the prisoners were not told by any one that they were entitled to challenge. The evidence aud verdict were, of course, the same as in the former case. The pleas as to a former conviction were again recorded. At the instance of Mr. Turner, the gaoler was applied to, as to the conduct of Ilichardsoti in prison, from which application it appeared, that his behaviour had been uniformly good. The Court sentenced the prisoner Marsh to seven years' further transportation, to commence from the termination of his former period and the culprit Richardson to three months' imprison- ment, on account of the good character given to him by the gaoler. -0 Much as we were disgusted with the atrocious attack made upon the noble Chairman of the Quarter Sessions, by the prisoner Marsh, we were almost equally disgusted by the mode in which tne subsequent trial of the two convicts, on their second indict- ment, was conducted. That the same witnesses should depose to the same facts was to be expected and that very assumption evinced the propriety of a tre"h Jury being empannelled. Yet, strange to say, the same jurors were re-sworn, and no one told the prisoners that they had the legal right of challenge. Some one must be to blame in this respect: far, although the guilt of the parties was beyond doubt, and the result might not affect them—the dignity of law has been outraged by the occur- rence. Their second trial was a farce Who is to be blamed il.1 this respect ? The prisoners had only retained an advocate oa. the first charge. In the absence of an advocate the duty of giving them fair play fell upon the Court. The legal tiction that every man knows his own rights is too flimsy to be seriously made use of. The report of the trial shows that the minutest points of law were attended to against the prisoners. Why, then, were they not informed as to the right they had to challenge the jurors as they came to be sworn p The verdict was foreseen; the sentence not. To our surprise Marsh had seven years' extra traiispoetation--tlie other man a nominal sentence of three months' imprisonment only. The character of one was inquired into. That of the other was not. lie had, however, thrown a stone at the Chairman in court. We do not say that the noble Chairman has acted amiss in avenging it his gross outrage upon the tribunal over which he pre- sides. All we blame, in this respect, is the mode. We dislike the legal fiction by which one felony is made to bear the punish- ment of two. Two watches, belonging to different owners, were stolen at one snatch from a shop. Two indictments are framed against the parties and one of them is awarded seven years' transportation upon each. We do not think the legislature ever contemplated multiplicity of punishment by a forced complicity of offence nor are we sure that even the letter of the law has not been overstepped. We think it would have been better had the noble Chairman given to Marsh an admonition and period of imprisonment suita- ble to the outrage he had perpetrated in court; or it seven years of extra exile be not deemed a penalty beyond the offence, we should have better liked to see the former sentence of seven years extended to fourteen, with a direct reference to the outrage, than by resorting to a power which, if it be legal, ought never to be made use of— vifc, that of multiplying penalties, by giving a sen- tence on each separate indictment, when those indictments all refer to. one substantive offence.