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FRANCE. THE NEW INSURRECTION IN PARIS. Blood has floored in the streets of Paris. The workmen have at length provoked a collision, with the National Guard and the troops of the line. As well as our limited space, and the state of our information will allow, we proceed to give a connected account of these painful events, beginning- with the symptoms of disturbance which led to them. WEDNESDAY EVENING.—Assemblages of the people be- came more general, and the subjects discussed were more various. The principal one was that the workmen, who eontinuod loudly to complain of the recommendation of M, Goudehaux to close instantly those nests of idleness and se- dition, the national workshops. On the Pont Neuf, in the Hue de Bic, and in the Place of the National Assembly, the question .was warmly discussed, but no violence was resorted to for the dispersion of the riot. A collision took place in the Rue llambuteau. The troops having been ordered to disperse, a group of operative hatters, the latter resisted, and several of them were wounded. The forehead of one man was laid open by a sabre cut. -L in THURSDAY.—To diminish the number of workmen (says the Times correspondent), and the danger which their presence 11 11' in such masses in Paris threatened to the public peace, Govern- msnt directed that a first draught of 3,000 of them, inhabit- ants of the provinces, should be obliged to leave town for their homes yesterday (Thursday). They were supplied with money for their start, and with orders for board and lodgings at stated points of the journey. They left town, but halted immediately outside the barriers, where wine (because of the toll paid on its importation into Paris) is six sous cheaper than in the city, aud there they spent a portion of the day and a large share of their travelling expenses. About three a body of those who had left by the Barrier de Fontainbleau, amounting to 400, returned into town, and paid a visit to the Executive Government at the Palace of the Luxembourg. After some time M. Marie presented himself to hear their grievances. lie was addressed by the chief of a deputation of four from among them, but M. Marie refused to hear him, observing that as that individual had been amongst those who attacked the National Assembly on the loth of May, he (M. Marie) could not recognise him as the organ of the operatives, and, turning to the other four, he said, "You are r Jt the slaves of this man, you can explain your grievances." M. Marie, after having patiently listened to them, entreated them not to suffer themselves to be led into rebellion against the authorities, and assured them that the Government was eecapied constantly with the consideration of measures for tit of their condition. The delegates then with- drew, but it would appear they did not give an accurate ac- count of their interview to their comrade■<, who were waiting for them at the Place St. Sulpice. Ou the contrary, they stated that M. Marie called them slaves. The labourers then com- menced shouting, Down with Marie 1" Down with the Executive Commission Down with the Assembly Home of them attempted to force their way into the church of St. Sulpice, with the intention probably of ringing the tocsin, but fortunately the gates were closed in time to pre- vent them. Thence they proceeded to the quays by the erects Vieux-Colorabicr, St. Dominique, and Du Bac, singing to the air of Des .Lampions, "We will remain, we will re- main They next proceeded to the Faubourgs St. Antoine and St. Marceau, their numbers being increased by crowds of idlers. They stationed themselves on the Place de la Bastile and the Barrier du Trone, crying, "Live Napoleon." Live the Emperor." Between eight and nine much alarm prevailed in conse- eriC-nee of a body of at least 5,000 workmen, with a flag, luning inarched from the Pantheon to the quay of the Hotel de Ville and thence to the Faubourg cln Temple, with the in- tention, as it was of forming a junction with the workmen of the neighbourhood of the Temple and of St. Antoiue. As measures of precaution, the National Guards were nrivateiy summoned at their houses to be ready to ilk"jl-c-ll if I-CLOli-e-l. Considerable detachments of troops were a ssembled at the Luxembourg. A squadroivof dragoons and several companies of the line, the Moveable Guard, and the National Guard, bivouacked on the open space before the Motel de Yiile. A battalion of the line was stationed in the court-yard of the Prefecture of Police. The Palais de Justice was guarded by the Moveable Guard, and the Hall of the Nao- tional Assembly was. filled with troops. The Government had jxrevieawly takes* the precaution to place a battalion of infantry and two squadrons of cavalry, under the command of General Negrier, in front of the National Assembly. The h-nly of the building was filled with troops of the line. The Kori'Miom'hood of the Hotel de Ville and of the Palace of the Luxembourg was crowded with workmen, but no violence was attempted. IMiriag several days, amid the profound tranquillity that Paris appeared to enjoy, the agents of disor- der have been busy in preparing a popular movement of a very alarming character. In all the clubs, in-door and out- ef-duor, they have been stimulating the people to rise and demand the'liberation of M. Bathes; and, if it be refused, to proceed to Vinccnnes, and deliver him by force. In every possible ease they have induced the people to sign a petition for the release of :1. Burbes, and a sort of 'pledge to restore- Jiiui to liberty, at the hazard of their lives. One hundred aid fifty thousand men are said to have already signed this petition and this engagement, and these are to assemble to- day, aud carry their Petition to the Assembly. They have been collecting since an early hour this morning. PARIS, FUIDAY MORNING.—The Executive Government met this morning at the Palace of the Luxembourg, and has been sitting permanently ever since. The President of the National Assembly joined them soon after ten, audit was at once arranged that the Minister of War, General C'avaigiiac, should he invested with the chief command of alt the troops of the line, and other military force, in the Depart- ment of the Seine. He at O!);ce accepted, but on condition that he should be allowed to fake all the steps of a military nature which he thought proper, without interference on the part of the civil power. I also hear that General Clement Thomas has. again been pkuo-i in the chief command of the National Guard. FOUR O'CLOCK.— In the National Assembly t), d the alarming state of Paris was several times alluded to ru the course of the F". t M. Souard, the President of the As- sembly, read a rep&rt from the military authorities, in which it was stated that all the barricades, had been taken,, and that the situation of the city was reassuring.. ■General Le Breton proposed that some of the Members of the Assembly should accompany the military into the disturbed districts for the purpose of ascirtai .ing from the people themselves the liature of their complaints, but. the motion was unani- mously rejected. Several Members, however- and among othcr;1. Bonjeau, M. Jules Favrc, and others, went to the head-quarters of General Cavaigmic, and seven generals, who are Members of the Assembly, went also to tender their assistance to the General. The government are not idle. The drum resounds throughout Paris and the Banlieu. The troops are under orders, and the Moveable Guard held ready to act; in fact, at an early hour this morning those quartered out of Paris were marched in." A proclamation had been addressed by the Mayor of Paris to tho mayors of the arrondissements, in which he denounces foreign agents. It is not only civil war which they seek tlight up amongst, its, but it is pillage, it is social disorga- nisation, it is the rain of France which they prepare, and it may be easily understood with what views. Paris is the principal seat of these infamous intrigues." FlIDAY AFTERNOON.—If the National Guards have not turned out with that unanimity that characterised the de- monstration of the 10th of April and the evening of the loth of Mav, those who did present themselves have acted, with the courage and coolness of old troops. They- suffered much, but had few killed. Among the severely wounded 11 ( zi 1; M. Thayer, a Chef de Bataill-on, one of the richest pro- prietors in "Paris, He was the sou-in-law of General Bcr- trnncl. M. Avrial, a banker of Havre, was killed. The alarm was given, and the drum beaten this morning about- nine. The insurgents commenced throwing up barri- cades at the Portes St. Denis and St. Martin, the Fau. bourgs of the game name, the Place de la Bastille, and the Faubourg St. Antoine. At about half-past ten the conflict between them and the armed force commenccd. The Na- tional Guard behaved in a most gallant manner. Twenty- five men commanded by a captain, attacked a formidable barricade at the Porte St. Martin. The people made a stout resistance. The captain climbed the barricade, leaped down on the opposite side, and fought hand to hand with the in- surgents. The National Guards followed, and the barricade was finally carried and destroyed, after a hard conflict, in which many were killed and wounded. The barricades in the Faubourg- St. Martin were taken without much resist- ance. 200 insurgents, who had taken possession of the bar- racks in the Faubourg St. Martin, were expelled by troops of the line, assisted by National Guards. The slaughter was dreadful in the 12th arrondisscment, in which Barbes had been elected Colonel of the National Guard. I was stopped, I cannot say how often, and requested to contribute towards erecting the barricades by throwing up one paving-stone,— a contribution which nobody could refuse making to any bar- ricade in construction that he passed. However, as I had no time to lose, I managed to pass eceryiohere by telling them that I was a physician going to visit patients. The red flag was hoisted on every barricade in the Faubourg St. Antoine, in which quarter I found it impossible to proceed very far. I returned through the Hue St. Antoine. Here again I found numerous barricades, one of which I saw carried by the National Guard without any resistance. When the general order was given, in the third arrondisse- mont, the National Guard showed but little alacrity in turn- ing out. Let those who committed the faults (said one) repair them." The shopkeepers closed their shops as quickly as possible, exclaiming that commerce was now' completely ruined. HALF-PAST FOljR O'CLOCK.—A thunder-storm of the most violent kind has come to the aid of the Governmentin sup- pressing this revolt. I have rarely seen more vivid light- ning, and never saw more heavy rain. This insurrection I can only find ascribed to the discontent of the workmen at the proposed dispersion of them by Government. The sec- tions are obviously among the insurgents. Little has been said lately about Louis Napoleon. HALF-PAST SIX O'CLOCK.—They are still fighting at the Place de la Bastile and the Place Lafayette. C, SATURDAY MORNING, FOUR O'CLOCK.—The military and National Guard are masters of Paris. The insurgents are beaten and flying in disorder. General Cavaignac com- manded the troops. Lamartine showed great firmness and courage, and was constantly with General Cavaignac. The following circular was sent by electric telegraph from the chief of the executive power to the Prefect of Boulogne By a decree of the National Assembly, Paris is declared in a state of siege, and the National Assembly perma- nently. The executive power is entrusted to General Cavaignac. The Executive Commission has resigned. There are still barricades. The unity of action between the National Guard,, the Army, and Moveable Guard, gives the certainty that: order will be re-established. The National Guard of different towns have arrived; their example ought to be followed. The Republic will come out triumphant from this lact struggle against anarchy.—(Signed)—CA- VAIGNAC." CZ3 0 SATURDAY, Mm-DA y.The loss of life must be enormous: but for the present all we can say of it is, that in almost every street you may see the relies of this frightful battle in the shape of dead and wounded being carried back to their homes. The insurgents are largely supplied with fire-arms and ammunition, and have no less ttiazi eleven pieces of artillery, which they contrived to capture from the regular troops. They are barricaded to such an extent in the narrow streets between.the Hotel Dieu and. the Pantheon, that there is no means of penetrating; for,, as they have possession of the houses as well as of the barricades, the troops who venture to enter are at once assailed with showers of missiles and boiled water and oil from all sides. The troops have continued faithful. I have not heard of a single instance of defalcation in the regular army. Two O'CLOCK.—General Cavaignac sent a flag of truce to the insurgents to inform them that if they would yield before two o'clock, indemnity would be given to 4ii con- cerned, but that, after that hour, he would shell the: barri- cades, mortars ha-ving been. sent for that purpose. The firing goes on so that the negotiation has apparently failed. Prince Pierre Bonaparte's horse was shot under him. The following proclamations have been issued by General Cavaignac: — 11 TO THE NATIONAL GUAKD, Citizens,—Your blood will not have been shed in vain. Re- double your efforts to answer my appeal, and order, thanks to you and to tl e assistance of your brethren of the army, will be esta- blished. Citizens, it is not only the present, it is also the future of France and the Republic that your heroic conduct is about to secure. Nothing is founded, nothing is established without sor- rows and sacrifice; voluntary soldiers of the nation, you have well understood it. Place confidence in the ei.i!f who commands you count upon him as he counts upon you. Force united to reason, to wisdom, to good sense, to, love of cLattr),, will triumph over the enemies of the Republic, and social order. What you desire, what Ni-a all desire, is a firm, wise, honest government, one that secures all rights, and guarantees every liberiy-suiffcierllciy powerful to put down every personal ambition-sufficiently calm to overthrow all the intrigues of the enemies of the Republic, Such a government you shall possess, for with your entire, loyal, and sympathetic assistance, a government can do all. General CAVAIGNAC, liead of the Executive Power." Soldiers,:—The safety of the country calls upon you. The war you wage to-day is a terrible, is a cruel war. Console your- selves you are not the aggressors.. This time,, at least, you will not be the sad instruments of despotism and of treason. Courage, soldiers imitate the bright and devoted example of your felloir- citizens,. He faithful to the laws of honour and of humanity be faithful to the Republic it may be your fate, it may be mine, some day or other, perhaps to-day, to die for her. Let it be this moment, then, if we must survive the Republic., General CAVAIGNAC.
"TO THE INSURGENTS, IN THE…
"TO THE INSURGENTS, IN THE NAME OF THE NATI0XA.I. ASSEMBLY.—GENEKAJ. CAVAIGNAC. "Citizens. You imagine you are figiitijig. for the interests of the workmen it is against them that you fight,. and it is on them alone will fall all tile blocd which has been spilt. If such a con- test can be prolonged, one must needs despair for the future of the Republic, the triumph of which we all desire to secure. In the name of the ensanguined Republic, in the name of the Re- public which you are endangering, in the name of that labour which you. demand, and which was never refused to you, deceive the hopes of our common enemies, lay down your fratricidal arms, and confide in the Government which, if it cannot be ignorant that there are among you criminal instigators, remembers also that your ranks comprise but brethren who are led away, and whom it calls, back into the arms of the country. General CAVAIGNAC. SATURDAY, THREE O'CI.OCK P.M.—Paris is in a state ofsicgci General Cavaignac is the sole depositary of power. Tne Executive Commission is no more all the ministers have resigned. Since the elate of my despatch of last night 0 h cannon and musketry have not ceased to resound through Paris. The insurgents may be said to be everywhere, but principally in the Faubourgs Poissonniere, St. Martin, and St. Antoine, on the right bank of the river, in "the Island," and in the Quarter of St, Jacques and St. Victor on the left. The fighting has been of the most determined charac- ter. The insurgents, comprising, I believe, the whole force of the Sections. and of the. Communists, fight with courage, coolness, and enthusiasm. A most respectable gentleman, who last night, after the firing, traversed the Faubourg St. Victor, found five hun- dred barricades finished or in construction. He asked one of them, Why are you engaged in this dreadful occupa- tion ?" The man folded his arms and looked at him for some minutes, and then said, Because I starve. I have a wife an.d four children. I receive at the mayoralty twenty- two sous. per day. That docs not suffice to buy bread for us, cheap as bread is. Come with me to my home and you nhall have the proof. After you shall have seen my family, I will return to this barricade. I am hungry, but l wiil not eat. I shall fall fighting. (Jc me ferai titer.J" The gen- tleman accompanied him to his home, which was wretched in the extreme, and found the wife and children of the poor man without food. He gave them money, but lie could not dissuade the husband and father from returning to the barricade. The. National Guards are, generally speaking, as much broken down in spirit, by the prevailing suspension of trade, as are the working-classes; but they have a strong desire to establish and maintain order. In the Place La Fayette, close to the terminus of the Northern Railroad, there occurred yesterday and this day a succession of conflicts of the most murderous kind. The legions everywhere have maintained a resolute resistance, admirably supported by the troops of the line, and the Move- able Guard. At this moment (three o'clock) there is less firing, but I know not why. This forenoon the insurgents occupied the Church of St. Jacques. They were, I was told, summoned by General Cavaignac to surrender, but refused. I shall give you an hour for consideration," said the General, with his usual cold tone and manner. At the end of that time, the church shall be stormed." I know not what has been the result, the hour had elapsed when my informant left, and the insurgents were still in possession. A similar speech is said to have been addressed by him to the insurgents in that focus of the insurrection-the Cite. I give you till four o'clock," the General is reported to have said. If you still resist, I will bombard the quarter." Howitzers and mortars have arrived from Vincennes for the purpose. FOUR O'CLOCK.—If it were difficult to approach the fighting quarters this morning, it is now impossible. Not a man out of uniform is to be seen on the whole line of the Boulevards. Several women have been arrested, whose pockets were filled with cartridges. HALF-PAST FOUR O'CLOCK.—There is increased enthusiasm observable among the National Guards. A proclamation was posted in Paris on Friday afternoon, signed by the President of the National Assembly and the Comniissioii of the Executive Government, declaring that General Cavaig- nac, Minister of War, is invested with the command in chief of the armed force in Paris—the National Guard, the Moveable Guard, and the Armed Republican Guard." M. Lamartine, on horseback, followed by M. Duclerc, and a numerous staff, returned to the National Assembly at half-past eight o'clock on Friday afternoon. He was accom- panied by a considerable multitude of operatives, who cried, The Democratic and social Republic for ever." The fighting is very severe at that part of the Boulevard du Temple opposite the Jardin Turc, and thence to the Bastille. The Faubourg St. Antoine is said to be still in the hands of the insurgents, but the impression begins to become general that the party of Order," the National Guards, and the troops, will, ere to-morrow, have suppressed the insurrection. Six O'CLOCK.—Cannon have been Bent against the barri- cade in the Place Lafayette. A howitzer, with a party of artillery, have gone in the direction of the Rouen Railway. Troops and National Guards continue to arrive. The firing is less frequent and less loud. The National Guards on guard at the Palace of the Luxem- bourg have shot several of the prisoners who fell into their hands. It is said that M. de Narbonne and one of his ser- vants, who were taken with arms in their hands, have been shot. A dreadful act of butchery was committed on Saturday by the insurgents in, the Faubourg St. Germain. They had taken five of the Moveable Guard prisoners. Hearing that the troops of the line were coming, they determined to abandon the barricade, but cut the throats of the five prisoners; none of them had exceeded the age of 18. This act had the effect of exciting the most intense exasperation, and particularly amongst the Moveable Guard. 500 of the insurgents had surrendered on the Place du Pantheon, and were being led across the garden of the Luxembourg, when a large body of the Moveable Guard, unable to restrain their desire of venge- ance, sent a volley into the body, and killed, upwards of a hundred. Prisoners were brought in from time to time on Saturday to the building in which the National Assembly sits. Amongst one batch of twenty-five was a young girl dressed in male attire, who was most active in supplying ammuni- tion to the insurgents. Ri the Cite, so strongly were the insurgents posted,.that, the military, after repeated attacks, found it impossible to dislodge them. They therefore had recourse to the strata- gem of appearing to give way. They retired—the insur- gents fell into, the trap-they left their barricades, and pur- sued their opponents. On plain ground they had no chance, and great numbers were immediately slaughtered. All day troops were gathering towards the terrible Clos St. Lazarre. Several times reinforcements were demanded, but still, the troops could not make themselves masters of the position. The insurgents, entrenched in the hospital, defended them- selves with the utmost bravery, or rather obstinacy. One of the battalions of the Moveable Guard had already lost 200 men.. We just learn (five o'clock) that the barricades of the Faubourg St. Antoine begin to give way. The first was carried by General Cavaignac in person. 'Colonel Mit- chel, of the artillery of the National Guard, has been danger- ously wounded by a ball in the breast. At six o'clock the fire continued in the Clos St. Lazarre, and was recommenc- ing in the Faubourg du Temple and St. Antoine. At seven o'clock the National Guards of Amiens and some artillery, with General Lamoriciere and M. puconcx, a representative, at their head, joined their companions in the attack of the Clos St. Lazarre. SATURDAY, NINE O'CLOCK.—The positions which were taken by the troops this morning, in the Faubourg du Tem- ple, have been abandoned by the troops, who arc called upon to fight in other quarters.. The insurgents immediately oc- cupied them. SUNDAY, Six O'CLOCK A.M.—At ten o'clock it became generally known that the insurgents had no notion of retir- ing from the contest. They were fatigued, and, like the National Guards and troops,, availed themselves of a lull to seek repose. I met and conversed with several National Guards from the barricades. The people still held out in all the principal points. Their great positions were, one at the top of the Faubourg Poissoniere and at the Barriere Iiocheehoucut, At the other intervening barriers they had thrown up formidable barricades, which they manned to overflow. The barricade at the summit of the Faubourg Poissoniere was constructed in the strongest possible way, and was enfiladed and covered by crowds of insurgents, in the houses in its vicinity. From these they kept up a deadly fire on the National Guards and troops. The National Guards complained that there appeared an evident want of arrangement in the management of the contest. A great portion of the National Guards had been furnished with only two or three cartridges each. But for the bravery of the troops of the line, and the admirable conduct of the Moveable Guard, there is reason to believe the National Guards would have returned dispirited from the conflict. SEVEN O'CLOCK,—At half-past five this morning the drummers of the National Guard of all Paris began beating the general drum, thus removing all doubt that the contest would be renewed. Attempts to reconstruct barricades of the Porte and Fanbourg St. Denis were defeated, and the men quickly dispersed. ZD Since six they have been fighting at many points, but especially at the rear of the Hotel de Ville. NINE O'CLOCK.—The fighting is still going on. There have arrived 40,000 more troops of the line and National Guards from the provinces during the night. They are covered with mud, and loudly cheered by the National Guards, to whom they reply with enthusiasm. The Commissary of Police has just given notice that every door must be closed at twelve o'clock, and that no person whatever will be suffered to appear in the streets after that hour. General Cavaignac is determined, in fact, on a last and great effort to quell the insurrection. It will be a fear- ful struggle. All the troops within twenty-fivo leagues of Paris are ordered to march on the capital. It is impossible to form an idea of the number of killed and wounded on both sides. Rumour says between 5,000 and 10,000. The war-cry of the National Guards and troops has been "Live the Republic." That of the insurgents "Live the democratic and social Republic." The name of Louis Napo-. leot) has not been pronounced since yesterday. A despatch, dated Paris, Saturday, eight p.m., says- The capital is in a most awful state. Fighting continues with unaljated fury. The insurgents have encamped them- selves in the Quartier St. Jacques. General Cavaignac has ordered rockets to be thrown amongst the insurgents, The slaughter is terrific." SUNDAY MORNING, TEN O'CLOCK.—The Clos St. Lazarre has not been taken. The whole of the attacks upon it yes- terday evening have failed, and the insurgents maintain themselves in it as strong as ever. The cannon cannot be brought to bear upon it, from its being upon a height. General Cavaignac has consequently been obliged to send to Vincennes.for larger cannon and shells, with which an at- tempt is to be made to batter down the place from the heights of Montmartre, which commands it. Tho whole day will probably be consumed in the operation. The most horrible cruelties have been perpetrated by the insurgents. They cut the throats of several unfortunate soldiers and Moveable Guards who fell into their hands. They cut off the hands of a captain of cuirassiers, whom they made prisoner. Among those wounded are General Viorte, Count de la Tour du Pin, and others. General Gour- gaud has been mortally wounded. SUNDAY, ELEVEN O'CLOCK.—In the National Assembly this morning, the President announced that the whole of the left bank was completely free, and that General Duvivier,, who commands the Hotel de Ville, as well as General Lamo- riciere, who commands in the Quartier St. Denis, St. Mar- tin, and St. Antoine, has made some progress, aud that in a few hours the insurrection would be entirely suppressed. He added that the insurgents are everywhere discouraged, and have ceased firing. A decree granting three millions of francs, to be distributed amongst the population of the twelve arrondissements who live bj- their labour, was voted unani- mously. Several of the barricades were taken on Sunday by cutting ways through the houses. The formidable barricade of St. Mairie was taken in this manner with very little loss. The insurgents are worked up to a frenzy of desperation, and although there can be no doubt but that General Cavaignac, with the immense force at his disposal, will ultimately suc- ceed in annihilating them (for we fear from the desperation that they have exhibited that they will never surrender), yet it is not improbable that two days may elapse before tran- quillity will be completely restored. There are still some barricades in the Faubourg St. Antoine which hold out, and a strong body of insurgents is entrenched behind the Canal St. Martin, with the barrier wall before them drilled through with holes for musketry and covered by numerous houses, which must be-blown down. No doubt, however, is entertained of the ultimate and complete success of the friends of order and of the true Republic. The Clos St. Lazarre, the stronghold of the insurgents in the neighbourhood of the Bastile, which had resisted the at- tempts of General Lamoriciere on Saturday, and which pre- vented the troops from advancing into the Faubourg St. Antoine, was stormed yesterday, at four o'clock. This was announced iii, a letter from M. Armand Marrast, Mayor of Paris, to the President of the Assembly. All the strongholds of the insurgents, except the 8th mairie, are now in possession of the troops, but the carnage has been terrific. Never has anything like it been seen in Paris. The slaughter has been terrific. General Cavaignac or- dered rockets to be thrown among the insurgents, which did immense execution. In the Faubourg St. Marceau the in- surgents who had possession of the houses poured boiling oil and, boiling water on. the troops and National Guards. An officer who had been dispatched by General Cavaignac to Vincennes for reinforcements was taken by the insurgents, and hanged. The insurgents committed the most atrocious cruslties, plundering and massacring wherever they had an opportunity. Every prisoner they took was immediately put to death. They took possession of a large woollen store called La Belle Jardiniere, a building six stories high, situ- ated near the Rue St. Jacques, whence they kept up a con- stant fire on the troops and National Guard, and it was not until the house was battered down with cannon that they sur- rendered. M. Lamartine, M. Arago, aud M. Garnier Pages b displayed great courage, frequently heading the troops in their charges on the barricades. Lamartine and Garnier Pages both had horses killed under them. No one seemed to know what had become of AT. Ledru Rollin or M. Louis Blanc. The Archbishop of Paris has died of his wounds. That excellent prelate, accompanied by four of his grand vicars/ went, on Sunday of his own accord to General Cavaignac, at 0 the Palais Bourbon, where he has established his head- quarters. He offered himself to go among the insurgents. :o t) as the bearer of words of peace and to place himself and his clergy at, the service of the Republic. General Cavaignac immediately gave orders that every facility should be given to the venerable prelate, who accompanied by his colleagues, went immediately to the barricades, carrying with him General Cavaignac's proclamation to the insurgents. The Archbishop fell a martyr to his Christian exertions; he was. fired upon, wounded iii the groin, and conveyed to the Hospital des Quinze Vingts, where he died. The plan of the insurgents may now be understood. The insurrection extended on the righ bank from the Faubourg Poissoniere to the Seine, embracing thus the Faubourg St. Antoine; on the left bank it occupied the Faubourgs St. Marcel, St. Victor; and the lower part of tho quarter St. Jacques; these two positions were connected by the occupation of many points, suoh as the church of St. Gervais, a part of the Quartier du Temple, the approaches of Notre Dame, and the Pont St. Michel. The church of St. Severin served as head-quarters, and the Faubourg St. Antoine as a magazine. This plan was in- geniously conceived, for the insurgents were thus masters of an immense semicircle which formed nearly one-httlf of Paris. In case of check, the nature of the houses and the narrow streets created difficulties almost insurmountable to the troops, and afforded certain chances to the insurgents of retreat; in case of success it was easy for the insurgents, by advancing a little, to occupy the important lines of the quays and Boulevards, and they could surround by degrees tho Hotel de Ville, which would have been thus in their power, and once masters of that and the prefecture, they could have established their government. This plan enables one to perceive why it was necossary to make so severe a fight at the Pont St Michel, at the Pont do l'Hotel-Dieu, and the Pont which leads from the Huo Planche-Mibray to the Quai aux Fleurs; and it was because the taking these places divided the insurgent forces, one can also understand the bloody determination with which the insurgents defended the position of St. Severin, which served them for head-quarters, and that of St. Gervais which directly menaced the Hotel de Ville. It is evident that no mere workman could have organised and carried out such a plan as this. None but a strategist of considerable experience could have laid down the plan, none but persons having ample funds could have carried it into execution. The supply of ammunition was profuse, and the commissariat also was well organized The hnrrinfides wore many of them victualled to stand a siege, and the unfortu- nate" workmen, who were the mere tools of those traitors, of whose discovery and punishment we entertain strong hopes, were kept in an almost constant state of drunkenness. The losses of the defenders of the cause of order have been most severe. Upwards of 15,000 of the troops, the National Guard, and of the Moveable Guard, have been killed or wounded. Among the killed is General Neguin, the hero of Constantine and one of the Questors of the Assembly. He fell at the top of a barricade which he had just taken; he was stru-ck by numerous balls. General Duvivier has been severely wounded. The following decrees have been issued by General Cavaignac "FRENCH REPUBLIC. I.IBEIU-Y EQUALITY—FRATERNITY. The Chief of the Executive Power determines as follows :— Every individual working at or raising barricades shall be considered as if he were taken with arms in his hands. .1 The Head of the Executive Power, piri.s, 25th of June, 1848." "CAVAIGNAC, The head of the Executive Government d.etermincs-The mayors of the different arrondissements of Paris are to proceed forthwith to the disarming of every National Guard who, without legitimate motive, has failed to answer to the appeals which have been m.ade to him to join in the defence of the Republic. Paris, 25th of June, 1,848." CAVAIGNAC. Considering the decree of the National Assembly declaring Paris in a state of siege, we, the Commander-in-Chief of the mili- tary forces of the capital, in virtue of the powers conferred on U3 by the same decree, decree as follows Art 1. All placards on political subjects, and not emanating from the authorities, are forbidden till the re-estitblilitdert of public tranquillity. "Art 2. All authorities, civil aud military, will look to tho. execution of this decree. "24th June," "CA v AGX AO,