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L-ETTER, TO THE REV. W. JONES,…
L-ETTER, TO THE REV. W. JONES, VICAR OF NEVYN. IIEV. Si-R,-Some men are apt to suppose all people to be similar in character and acquisition to those with whom they are in the habit of associating. When you were a minister of a Baptist church at Holywell, and going through the country collecting money towards erecting a Baptist aca- demy in North Wales, you stated then, in my hearing, that the extensive knowledge of the people upon religious sub- jects required an increase of theological and classical erudi- tion in the ministry. Now, and you the vicar of a parish Church, associating with a few dependants on clerical authority, even you, have stated to the Commissioners that, though the Welsh have a natural capacity to receive instruc- tions, yet they are generally ignorant and immoral. I be"- leave to call your attention to the dilemna into which vou and some other clergymen have thrown yourselves. The people have a natural capacity to receive instructions—so says the Reports—the needful is to have men that are able to give instructions. The Welsh clergy have lived for centuries upon the emoluments they receive for teaching the people and you must admit, either that the Welsh clergy have done their duty, or that they have not done those things which they ouo-ht to have done, and that there is no health in them. If the clergy have done their duty, by instructing those peo- ple who have a natural ability to receive instruction, how can it be true that the people are ignorant and immoral ? If the people who are naturally capable of receiving instruc- tion, be in that state of degradation in which you have stated z3 them to be, how can it be true that the clergy have done their duty ? And if the clergy have not done their duty, they must, consequently, be in the habit of receiving very high wages, for doing nothing; except that of defaming those who pay them their salaries! It is insinuated that Dissent prevented the clergy from diffusing knowledge among the people; but whether the work be hindered or neglected, the conclusion must be the same; namely, the work is not done, or your statement is not true, and which- ever conclusion be correct, you cannot consider j outsell worthy neither of your emoluments, nor of the respect due to a minister of the gospel of truth. Nonconformity is the effect of principle, and though JJis- sent may be an effect of principle in some instances, yet vou are fully aware that much of Dissent in Wales is pro- duced by the following causes. One cause was the im- moralities of the hunting and the drinking parsons, who lived, some of them, within the memory of ourselves. Another cause is the presenting to Welsh livings clergymen cl t3y who cannot speak with their parishioners; and, though it be of no importance to Dissenters, of what country, colour, or language may a political bishop and his clergymen be, yet, being compelled to pay tithes to men who cannot speak to them, must strengthen their dislike of a system, which they already believe to be inconsistent with the principles °fThere1 are ^also things connected with the Established Church which causes much animosity among the people in these days. I shall name three things. One is that many rectors and vicars are magistrates; and however honourable and impartial they may fill that ofiica, they cannot please all parties: and when the offended party be a Dissenter, lie may presume the clergymen to be prejudiced against him, and not without grounds sometimes. The second is the haughty distance some parsons keep from the people. They never speak to the poor, and to what they call the common people, except at long intervals in church; or, when some of them are so unfortunate as to be compelled to address a com- mon man from the banch at quarter sessions, or nother meetings of magistrates. And the last thing I shall name as a cause of animosity in Wales, is this gigantic, grand, and effectual home-stroke you have made by calumniating the people to the Government Commissioners. This is, you may depend upon it, a dead blow to your respectability and usefulness in Wales, as long as a Welshman's heart can feel. Your report, reported by the Commissioners, has sounded its trumpet tongue amongst the rocks of Cambria; its echo went forth as a clash of thunder all over England and the world. Our mothers, our sisters, and our daughters, are reviled; our religious ministers and our religious meetings are stig- matised; and, though the Welsh people can forgive, they cannot forget nor respect those parties who took upon them- selves the consequences of defaming their character. I conclude with a translation of words I have heard by an English vicar, of a Welsh parish in the county of Carnar- von. One Sunday morning, he read what the people thought an excellent sermon, in English; in the afternoon of the same day, he read what he must have thought, with- out doubt, a good sermon, in Welsh: and among other funny things, made more merry by his foieign pionunciation, he said,°" You, poor people and children, do not understand the meaning of the word miracle. Well, I shall tell you. A miracle is a work of the Almighty not consistent with the natural course of things; for a river to flow down a hill is natural; but a river flowing up hill, or standing in a heap, as the river Jordan once, would be a miracle. For a pigeot, to .fly, is natural-, but if you were to see apigjlging, that would be a miracle I doubt not. However, some of the children laughed at his expressions concerning the pig. Now, if a commissioner were to ask one of these children, What is a miracle? the children answering, A pig flying," and the Commissioner finding fault with the answer, I ask whose fault can it be ? Perhaps the Venerable Dean Cotton, of Bangor, can assist you in your reply. I heard him re- peating1 words similar to the above when he was viear of Bangor, rector of Llanllechid, canon of the cathedral, and unable to speak intelligible Welsh. I am, reverend sir, Your obedient servant, BEULAN.
Uauettcs. THE Queen of Portugal and her husband were present at a bull-fight at Campo de Santa Anna, last Sunday fortnight. THE Eastern Counties Herald states that the total number of vessels fitted out for the herring fishery off Holland is this sea- son 107, being eight less than last year. POTATOES-and bread are at the same price per gallon in Salis- bury at the present time, namely 10d.—a circumstance pro- bably without parallel within memory. Ox Saturday night a gentleman, who resides at Rock Ferry, was robbed between "Birkenhead Ferry and the former place, by a girl of bad character, of notes to the amount of £ 1,005. The offender has, so far, escaped. IN his Northern Star of the 20th ult.Feargus said" Mitchel if you are convicted by the Whig Treason Act, my head shall feel no pillow until your manacles are struck off." We have not heard how Feargus has slept since. THE last inspection made of the operatives employed in the National workshops, Paris, fixes their number at 108,000, in- dependent of 7,000 received on certificates from the Commis- saries of Police. THE New York Sun says; An ingenious mechanic, in one of the southern cities, has made a small engine to rock his child's cradle. The length of the engine and boiler is I8! inches. It is about two woman power, and is considered a great curiosity." "ANOTHER F.R.S." says of the Royal Society, in the: Athenaum,] "every discovery is tested almost wholly by the; st cial stat*,I,, of the man who makes it; or, like an Irish porker or a piece of M mchester cotton, according to what we can U«t by l. THE Suffolk Chronicle reports the moving, at Ipswich, of a two-storied brick house, entire and uninjured, a distance of 70 feet. The building was moved, by mechanical means, along greased timber, about a foot in five minutes. IN the park at Child wall Hall, the seat of John Shaw Leigh, Esq., there is a Rhododendron in full flower, 70 feet in circum- ference, probably the largest in the kingdom, as it was one of the first which flowered in Britain. THE total number of police constables of all classes in Eng- land and Wales, in 1847, was 2,6S8. The total cost of the force was £ 196,635 3s., viz., £ 151,407 13s. lid. for pay and allow- ances, and E45,227 Id. for incidental expenses. MR. WESLEY, in a letter to one of the preachers in connexion with him, says:—" Scream no more at the peril of your soul. Speak as earnestly as you can, but do not scream. Speak with all your heart, but with a moderate voice." THE Builder states, that the Swindon refreshment-rooms on the Great Western Railway, held of the company for ninety years at a nominal rent, were put up to auction at Garraway's Coffee-house last week, and sold to Mr. Phillips, of the Virginia Coffee-house, Cornhill, for £ 22,000. THE Scottish Press shows that a wealthy middle-class elector, a merchant of Glasgow, is about I-looth of an elector of a small English pocket borough and that a freeholder of West Yorkshire is equivalent to l-98th of a voting tool of Suther- landshire. IN the Pharmaceutical Times is a table of the alcohol con- tained in certain wines, per cent. per measure the average is the highest in Lissa, 25*41; the lowest in Tokay, 9*88 in Ma- deira it is 22-62; in sherry, 19-03; in port, 24*17 in cham- pagne, 12-61 and in hock, 12*08. "DURING the week of the recent statutes," says the Stamford Mercury, "upwards of iC3,000 was paid into the Lincoln Sav- ings Bank by agricultural servants, and it appears that labourers have in the bank deposits ranging from Eloo to £ 300." These are the people whose certain ruin, should free trade pass, nearly broke the Duke of Richmond's heart. "NOISY demagogues," remarks the Nonconformist, "have imported into this country a heavy cargo of Hibernian bluster and brag, but the speculation has been attended by a dead loss. This is not the market for any such article. The British people have never yet suffered themselves to be bullied by big words, and, we trust, they never will." TUE Inverness Courier mentions that a second discovery of ancient English coins has been made in Edderton, near Tain, Ross-shire. They are all silver coins, of the reigns of Edward L and Edward II., and bear on the reverse the names of the principal towns in England, as London, York, Canterbury, and Bristol. IT is stated in "Fleming's Policy," that there are 14,700,000 acres of waste land in the United Kingdom, viz: in England, 3,454,000; in Wales, 630,000; in Scotland, 5,950,000 in Ire- land, 4,600,000; in the British Islands, 166,000. It is believed that one-fourth might be reclaimed for wheat culture. EDUCATION.—The grants to Scotland by the Committee of Council on Education amount since 1839 to £ 34,975. In 1847-48, the grants to schools connected with the Established Church amounted to £2,462; to the Free Church, £ 5,394; to the Scotch Episcopal Church, E 136 to general schools uncon- nected with any Church, £ 402. O'CONNELI.'S OPINION OF O'CONNOR.—On taking up the Northern Star, he said, Come, let us see what poor Balder- dash has got to say for himself this week. Upon my word, this Northern Star is a perfectly unique affair. Look where you will, editorial articles, correspondence, reports of speeches, -it is all praise of Feargus praise of Feargus praise of Feargus Well, the notion of a fellow setting up a newspaper to praise himself is something new at any rate. The paper is, in this respect, quite a literary curiosity."—Daunt's Recollec- tions of O' Connell. ADVERTISES! EXT.—What can be a greater proof of the excel- lency of John Cassell's Coffees, than the fact that families have been so pleased with their deliciousncss, strength, and flavour, as to induce them to write to their friends at a distance, urging the use of articles So luxurious and pleasant to the palate. Hence tradesmen write, "I have been applied to by numerous customers for your Coffees, which friends have recommended them to obtain, and stating that no Coffees they have ever tasted can be compared to yours. Please, therefore, send me the terms of Agency." John Cassell's Coffeef bid fair to enter more largely into the consumption of the people of this country than any other; and for this simple reason that while they are unsurpassed in richness, strength, and flavour, they are obtainable at prices usually paid for very inferior kinds. CHINESE COM t'ASS.—The museum of the jthrec counties of Carnarvon, Anglesey, and Merioneth, has this week received a further addition to its stores, in the shape of a Chinese com- pass. The case is a small round box, apparently formed of the wood of that name; or at any rate of a wood similar in colour and hardness. The parities of the box are very thick, leaving but a small space for the needles, which are conse- quently much shorter than such as our mariners make use of. Four rows of Chinese characters indicate the points. Of these the inner circle exhibits eight, which will be their cardinal points. The next is subdivided into twenty-four, as also the two outer ones; although for some reason or other the marks are differently placed, most probably for the purpose of show- ing half and quarter points. The presentation was made by Mr. R. Prichard, Post Office, Bangor. THE SCHOOLMASTER ABROAD.—Had the celebrated Welsh Triads, or Trioedd y Cymry," been accessible to the narrow- minded triune commission, who lately took a bird's eye view of the State of Education in Wales by authority," it is not im- probable that they would have attempted to report the result of their hasty glance in a triad thus. In Orthography the North Walians are worse, the South Walians worser, but our own countrymen are worsted." The following letter written two months ago would have corroborated it Sirr Chester Ap 3, "Hoving seen an advertisement Respecting a dag I have got a New found Land dog to Part with the Prise is E5 Culler Block an wite a Hansom dag Near 2 years 4 foot 3 inches High 6 foot from Nose to Taile and A very informaition May Be had By Litter Mr J P- Corn Deiler Bridge St all Expences to Be Paid." -Communicated. COMING EVENTS SHADOWED BEFORE.—At the late Notting- ham district meeting, it was proposed to recommend to Con- ference, that the Wesleyan body shall cease to receive Govern- ment grants for missionary purposes; and also that the mis- sionary deputation system be discontinued, as the arrangements involve great expense, owing to the unnecessary, and, in some instances, very great distances which the preachers on the deputations have to take. These are two important matters. We regret that they did not pass the meeting. It is well the questions have been mooted. The day will come when they will be taken up, largely discussed, and certainly carried.- Wesleyan. A NEW AFRICAN DRUG.—The following is one of the 234 resolutions which Lord George Bentinck proposed for the adop- tion of the committee on sugar and coffee plaiitinlg: That the n'egresses, from the circumstances of the great preference for men, and the almost exclusive demand during a long period of years for men by the regular slave-dealers, very much out- numbered the negroes, and consequently glutting, are a cheap drug in the African markets 1" THE sale of Mr. Mitchel's furniture took place on Monday, and attracted an immense attendance; and many persons came from forty to fifty miles in order to purchase some relic belonging to the DEPARTED GENTLEMAN The furniture sold at extremely high prices, especially the small articles, such as books, china, glass, &c. The books with Mr. Mitchel's autograph brought, in many instances, one hundred times their original cost. A pike and two swords, which cost but a few shillings each, sold at a GUINEA EACH. (,'OZ, FESS Io,The Oxford and Cambridye Peview savs, Al- ready confession is practised to a considerable extent in our Church. It now prevails in a great number of parishes. A vast body of the clergy are impressed with a sense of its im- portance many, probably, are convinced of its necessity. It is not often urged in sermons, but it is recommended privately to the most religious of the parishioners and it is accepted by them in numerous instances thankfully." So speaks a pro- fessedly Church of England publication; and though the writer has no doubt good grounds for what he says, yet no censure is pronounced on these Romanising practices, and no reproof is admonished to these Romanising teachers.—[We happen to know for a fact that the Viscountess was dis- covered on her knees, confessing to one of the noted tractarian clergymen in London.—Er.]—Guardian and Church of England Magazine.—The above extract furnishes fresh evi- dence that the Church of England is unworthy of public con- fidence as a Protestant institution. How can she expect Dis- senters to feel any attraction towards her, whilst her clergy are in great numbers thus jesuitically foisting into her circle the; most insidious, mischievous, and degrading popish rites. The bishops hear of these things, and do nothing! Either their office is a vain pretence, or they are covertly favourable to these retrograde steps of a once-reformed Church. Talk of No Popery We are in more danger from this sneaking popery within the Church Establishment, than from the open avowed, popery out of it. A PROPHETIC SPEECH FOR LolD JOHN.—Mr. Cobden's mo- tion being put, that all useless sinecures—such as that of Hereditary Grand Falconer—attached to the ro,al household, be abolished, with a yiew to the gradual reduction of expendi- ture :-Lord John Russell rose and said-Sir, never in my life have I risen to oppose a motion with greater feelings of mingled pain and pride. Of pain, that I should be called upon by any such motion—of pride, that, as I believe, I can so triumphantly defeat it. Sir, it has been said by the hon. member for the West Riding, that the office of Grand Falconer is one of pure expense—is one carrying with it no duties. This may be, air; but when I call to mind the fact that, although no hawks are kept in the royal household, the doves of conjugal affection build and nestle, as Af r. Burke finely observes, above the proud keep of Windsor "-(Ioucl clieei;) .-then, sir, I do say, that the motion of the hon. gentleman, the member for the West Riding, to abolish the sinecure of Hereditary Grand Fal- coner as one of useless expense-is an insidious blow levelled at the conjugal happiness of the Court-is an insult to the worth and beauty of the highest domestic existence (reiterated cheers). Sir, there may be a minister bold enough to enter- tain such a resolution. I can only say, far be from me the ig- nominy of that boldness. There may be a minister who, blind and deaf to the beauty and the music beaming and breathing from the Royal,hearth, shall nevertheless destroy those fictitious hawks, shall scatter to the winds their baseless perches. I can only say, sir,l will not be that minister. I should consider my- self not only as a rebel to the Crown, but as a traitor to human nature, could I for one moment entertain the thought of abolish- ing the post of Grand Falconer. Sir, while virtue remains more than a name, and Magna Charta something better than blank foolscap, l--(here his lordship strikes his hand upon a red box)—I never will do it. (His lordship sits down amidst cheers that last for a quarter-of-an-hour).-Pundt,
iri I can ill gs.
iri I can ill gs. (Selected for the PRINCIPALITY ) THE DAUGHTER'S REQUEST. MY father, thou hast not the tale denied- They say that ere noon to-morrow Thou wilt bring back a radiant and smiling bride, To our lonely house of sorrow. I should wish thee joy of thy coming bliss, But tears are my words suppressing; I think on my mother's dying kiss, And my mother's parting blessing. Yet to-morrow I hope to hide my care, I will still my bosom's beating, And strive to give to thy chosen fair A kind and courteous greeting. She will heed me not in the joyous pride Of her pomp, and friends, and beauty; Ah, little need has a new-made bride Of a daughter's quiet duty. Thou gav'st her costly gems, they say, When thy heart first fondly sought her; Dear father, one nuptial gift I pray, Bestow on thy weeping daughter My eye even now on the treasure falls, 1 covet and ask no other, It has hung for years on our ancient walls—r 'Tis the portrait of my mother. To-morrow when all is in festal guise, And the guests our rooms are filling, The calm meek gaze of those hazel eyes Might my soul with grief be thrilling And a gloom oil thy marriage banquet cast, Sad thoughts of their owner giving, For a floating twelvemonth scarce has passed Since she mingled with the living. If thy bride should weary or offend, That portrait might waken feelings Of the love of thy fond departed friend, And its sweet and kind revcalings Of her mind's commanding force unchecked Bv feeble or selfish weakness. Of her speech, where dazzling interest Was softened by Christian meekness. Then, father, grant that at once to-night, Ere the bridal crowd's intrusion, I remove this portrait from thy sight To my chamber's still seclusion. It will nerve me to-morrow's dawn to bear, It will beam on me protection, When I ask of Heaven, in my faltering prayer, To hallow thy new connexion." Thou wilt waken, father, in pride and glee, To renew the ties once broken, But nought upon earth remains to me Save this sad silent token. v The husband's tears may be few and brief, He may woo and win another, But the daughter clings in unchanging grief To the image of her mother. LIKE unto trees of gold arranged in beds of silver, are wise sentences uttered in due season. WE have never so much cause to fear as when we fear nothiiig.-I-IAI,L. NEVER speak of any one's faults to others, until you have first spoken of them to the offender himself. IT has been well said, by I know not whom, tha an Englishman is never happy, but when he is miserable that a Scotchman is never at home, but when he is abroad; that an Irishman is never at peace, but when he is at war. AVARICE is a passion as despicable as it is hateful. It chooses the most insidious means for the attainment of it ends; it dares not pursue its means with the bold impetuosity of the soaring eagle, but skims the ground in narrow circles like the swallow. THE human heart rises against oppression, and is soothed by gentleness, as the wave of the ocean rises in proportion to the violence of the winds, and sinks with the breeze into mildness and serenity. IN cases of doubtful morality It is usual to say,—Is there any harm in doing this ? The best method of answering this question by the genuine dictates of the conscience, is to ask yourself another, yiz -is there any harm in letting it alone? or, is it good and proper to be done ? WE commonly have our eye upon those things which we desire, and set so great a price upon them, that the over-valu- ing of what we have in pursuit and expectation, makes us un- dervalue what we have in possession.—SANDERSON. EVERY man whose knowledge or whose virtue can give value to his opinion, looks with scorn or pity, neither of which can afford much gratification to pride, on him whom the panders of luxury have drawn into the circle of their influence, and whom he sees parcelled out among the different ministers of folly, and about to be torn to pieces by tailors and jockeys, vintners and attorneys, who at once rob and ridicule him, and who ai e sec retly triumphing over his weakness, when they pre- sent new incitement to his appetite, and heighten his desires by counterfeited applause. -,R-km.BLEI' PARALLELS.—Man is strong; woman is beautiful. Man is daring and confident; woman is diffident and unassuming. Man is. great in action woman in suffering. Man shines abroad; woman at home. Man talks to convince woman to persuade and please. Man has a rugged heart woman a soft and tender one. Man prevents misery; woman relieves it. Man has science; woman taste. Man has judgment; woman sensibility. Man is a being of justice; woman of mercy. WHOEVER commits a fraud is guilty not only of the particu- lar injury to him who deceives, but of the diminution of that confidence which constitutes not only the ease but the existence of society. He that suffers by imposture has too often his virtue more impaired than his fortune. But as it is necessary not to mvite robbery by supincness, so it is our duty not to suppress tenderness by suspicion; it is better to suffer wrong than to do it, and happier to be sometimes cheated than not to trust.-RUIBLER. IIFE without some necessity for exertion must ever lack real interest, That state is capable of the greatest enjoyment, where necessity urges, but not painfully.; where effort is re- quired, but as much as possible, without anxiety; where the spring and summer of life are preparatory to the harvest of autumn and the repose of winter. Thenis every season sweet, and in a well-spent life the last the best—the season of calm enjoyn:e:it, the richest in recollections, the brightest in hope. Good training and a fair start constitute a more desirable patrimony than wealth and those parents who study their children's welfare rather than the gratification of their own avarice or vanity would do well to think on this. Is it better to run a successful race, or to begin and end at the goal R—THE ORIGINAL.
LIVERPOOL.On Saturday last a dreadful accident occurred at the Zoological Gardens, in this town. A lady and gentleman wished to see the elephant going through his performances, and as he re- fused, the keeper struck him, in order to compel him, but the noble animal instead of complying took hold of the keeper ui h his trunk, placed bini on the floor and crushed him to death with his huge foot. The elephant had upwards of two ounces of prnssic acid administered to him in order to cause his death, but without any perceptible effect. He was then shot by a company of her Majesty's Riflemen, who happened to be in town at the time, apd died without a struggle. He was considered the largest elephant in Europe, and had cost the proprietor $00 guineas, and I was yalued at the pres.eat time at 1,000 guineas,.
HOUSE OF COMMONS, THURSDAY,…
HOUSE OF COMMONS, THURSDAY, JrNE 15. The House met to-day after the Whitsun holidays. THE THEATRES. Mr. Sergeant Talfourd presented a petition from the per- formers of the Theatre Royal Haymarket, complaining of the great increase of foreign actors, and praying that Parliament would take measures to prevent it; also another from a num- ber of ladies and gentlemen connected with the other metropo- litan theatres to the same effect. THE SPANISH AMBASSADOR. Lord J. Russell (in reply to Mr. Bankes) said Mr. Speaker, the dismissal of the Spanish Ambassador from the Court of her Majesty is the result of correspondence between my noble friend the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs and the Spanish Minister. It is not the result of a recall from his own Government (cheers). My noble friend will shortly lay on the table of the House additional papers relating to the dismissal of Sir H. Bulwer, as well as the present dismissal of the Spa- nish Ambassador (hear, hear). BOROUGH OF LEICESTER. Mr. Stafford then moved that the Speaker should issue his warrant to the Clerk of the Crown to make out a new writ for the election of members for the borough of Leicester, in the room of Sir Joshua Walmsley and Richard Gardner, Esq., whose election had been determined to be void. After some discussion, during the progress of which Mr. Frewen, whose family had been connected with the borough for some considerable time, gave it as his opinion that it was notoriously one of the most corrupt places in the country, the House divided, and the numbers were— For the motion 6 Against it 129-123 PUBLIC HEALTH BILL. This bill was further and finally considered several amend- ments were submitted and eventually withdrawn, a division taking place on one proposed by Capt. Pechell, to the effect that all the words in clause 20, giving plurality of votes accord- ing to extent of property, be omitted. lor the motion 18 Against it BOROUGH ELECTIONS BILL. Sir John Hanmer moved that the House resolve itself into committee on the Borough Elections (No. 2) bill. Col. Sibthorp objected, and intimated his intention of throw- ng every impediment in the way of the bill, of which he could avail himself by the forms of the House. Lord J, Russell hoped that the House would see the priety of passing at once into committee, seeing that the prin- ciple of the bill had already been amply discussed. The first clause for the appointment of commissioners led to a protracted discussion, the committee at length dividing— For the clause. 108 Againstit. 39-69 The House adjourned at a quarter to one.
HOUSE OF COMMONS, FRIDAY,…
HOUSE OF COMMONS, FRIDAY, JUNE 16. Mr. Stafford moved for a new writ to be issued for Derby, but was defeated, on a division, by a majority of 89 to 36. THE WEST INDIES. Lord John Russell made his promised statement with respect to the alleged distressin the West Indies. He began with a review of past legislation concerning the West Indies, referring especially to the Emancipation Act of 1834, and to the admis- sion of foreign free-labour sugar in 1845, and of all foreign sugar in 1816. Taking credit for the complete success of these measures, and showing, from financial returns, that the consumption of sugar had increased from 214,000 tons, in 1845, to 290,700 tons, in 1847, with a continuous increase and that the revenue from the Sugar-duties, which was £ 3,745,000 in 1845, had swelled to C4,,596,000 in 1847, he adverted to the measures which had been passed for introducing labourers from- the East Indies into the Mauritius, and from the Kast Indies and from Africa into the West India-Colonies. These, he admitted, had not been very successful. At present, labourers might be introduced from any British possession in Africa, provided that there were an officer on board to prevent any transactions resembling the purchase of slaves or the Slave- trade, and to see that the emigrants went with their own con- sent. lie proposed to make an advance to the colonies on the security of the colonial revenues for the purpose of meeting the expense of immigration or rather he should say, that he pro- posed to guarantee a colonial loan not exceeding £ 500,000, in addition to £ 160,000 which the House had already guaranteed this session. With regard to the complaints m-ulp nf the too rapid operation of the Act of 1846, he frankly avowed that he did not think it fair to the British consumer to impose a differ- ential duty of 10s. on sugar to last for ten years or more, for the purpose of reviving the industry and prosperity of the West Indies. He therefore looked to the experience of late years, in which he saw, that, with regard to many articles en which the duty had been diminished and the price lowered, the revenue had been no loser, whilst the consumer had been a great gainer. From 1825 to 1841 every fall in the duty on sugar had been accompanied by a rise in the consumption, an-i every rise of duty by a fall in the consumption,—a fact also shown by the returns for 1845-7. Complaints had been made by the West India proprietors of the differential duty on rum. Last year, the Chancellor of the Exchequer proposed, that it should be 6d.; but, some difficulty arising, he raised it to 9d,, although he maintained that 6d. was quite sufficient. Now, the Chairman of the Board of Excise thought 4d. sufficient; and he (Lord John Russell), therefore, could not agree to impose a higher differential duty on rum than that sum. This reduction of duty, however, would make it necessary to withdraw thy permission given last year to use sugar in breweries. On that subject, no change in the present law would be made. The proposed measures have been thus summed up J. A loan of £500,000 on the guarantee of the colonial revenues for immi- gration only. 2. The captured Africans to be landed free of charge to the colonies in the West Indies. 3. Contracts to be allowed for three years. 4. The restrictions of the Navigation- laws to be removed. 5. The duty on rum to be reduced by fivepence per gallon. 6. The duty on colonial sugar to be reduced annually, until it reaches 10s. per cwt. in 1851, and the effective protection, in place of being 4s. 6d. in the next year, 3s. after July, 1849, Is. 6d. after July, 18o0, and equalised on the 5th of July, 1851, to be according to the above scales-- 7s., 6s. 6d., 6s., 5s. 6d., 4s. 6d., and 3s., in each year respect- ively, from the 5th of July next, until the duties are equalised on the 5th of July, 1854, at the low duty of 10s. the cwt. 7. The privilege of refining in bond for home consumption." He concluded with moving, that, on Monday, the Houso should resolve itself into a Committee to consider the Act 9 and 10 Victoria, c. lxiii. read at the commencement of his speech. In concluding his statement, the noble lord said it would be convenient, if the House would allow him, to print his resolutions now, and he would then propose to submit them to a Committee of the who'e House on Monday. Sir Robert Inglis and Sir John Pakington condemned the scheme on the ground cf its encouraging the Slave-trade. Mr. Bernal, Mr. Barkly, Mr. Henry Baillie, Mr. Hu:ne, Mr. Henry Drummond, Mr. Philip Miles, Mr. Henley, Mr. Hudse; and Mr. Evelyn Denison, all condemned the plan ai total! y insufficient to avert ruin from the West Indies. Mr. Barkiy also declared that the loan of f 500,003 would e useless for purposes of immigration, and might as well fc-o thrown into the sea. Mr. Bernal claimed, on behalf of the West India prop Teton*, the right to import their produce into this country flee from all duties whatever. Mr. llerries, Lord George Bentinck, and Mr. Disraeli, in succession, vigorously urged both objections -the encounmo- ment of the Slave-trade, and the insufficient aid to the West Indies. The measure was attacked on Free-trade grounds by Mr. Bright, Mr. Cobden, and Mr. Charles Villiers. In his reply, Lord John Russell complained that meirbcr- had not taken his advice to reserve their objections till Monday. The House then decided that it would go into Committee on the Government proposition this evening.
--HOUSE OF LORDS, MONDAY,…
HOUSE OF LORDS, MONDAY, Jun* 19 IRISH POOR LAW. lord Monteagle moved resolutions to the following effect: —That the circular letters of the Irish Poor Law Commfssioners, dated the 23rd of May, 1848, direct a change in practice at va riance with the direct provisions of the 1st and 2nd Vie., c.56, sec. 53, 51, and the 10th Vict. c. 81, sec. 8, 10; that such a change in the administration of the law, if shown to be neces- sary and expedient, can only be carried into eifect by the au- thority of the Legislature; that any orders issued, or any authority claimed or exercised by any administrative depart- ment, to alter or set aside the law of the land, is a dangerous precedent, and demands the immediate attention of the House more especially when such orders are issued du.rinn the session' when the sense of Parliament might have been taken 011 the question." The Marquis of Lansdowne. Lord Brougham, the Duke of Richmond, Lord Redesdale, Lord Cumpbell, the Earl of St.. Germans, Lord Beaumont, and Lord Stanley took part in the discussion, after which
TO THE EDITOR OF THE PRINCIPALITY.
severe on those who act unworthy of their positions. Pe- rish rather than suppress a truth demanded by the interests of the public. Yours, &c., Haverfordwest, June 19. E. DAVIES. [We have not seen any retraction in the Silurian, nor do we believe that the editor of that paper was the Writer of the article in question. If internal evidence can be at all credited, he unfortunately lends his columns occasionally to ether parties. If our brethren on both sides are satisfied with what has been already published, we are quite so, and do not intend replying to any personal allusions in Mr. Charles's last letter but there are two or three points in- volved in it to which separate articles shall be devoted. We can bear the charges which he brings against us, seeing that they have already been brought against all reformers, in all ages, and under every conceivable circumstances. We arc in good company, and Time, kind Time, will vindicate the meekness of our spirit, if vindication be needed. We be- lieve not one in every seventy of our readers would thank us for devoting a line to the question.] 0