• ■■■ I.I Correspondence. J..E4itor does not hold, himself responsible for the opinions expressed by Correspondents, RELIGIOUS DEPOLARIZATION. LT To the Editor of the Penarth OhronicZs. SIR,-Your correspondents of last week, Peripatetic Pagan and Anti-Humbug, has struck a chord whose echo I hope will reverberate through Christendom. Fermit a layman a few words on the same subject. Sectarianism in disseminating God's word is a bane, S the antidote of which is not far to seek. If a human soul is necessarily to be trained up in the faith of those from whom it inherits its body, why, there is an end of all renson. If, sooner or later, every soul is to look for truth with its own eyes, the first thing is to .-recognise that no presumption in favour of any .articular belief arise? from the act of our inheriting Amplify this and you would not give the Mahometan a fair chance to become a convert to a tetter religion. To hasten this, common manhood t;ill have to be mixed up with theology, otherwise we •'fhall ever be troubled with a theological plague. i, What is wanted is to depolarize every fixed religious adea m the mind by changing the word which stand :for it. Perhaps it may not be generally understood -what is meant by "depolarizing." When a given symbol which represents a thought has lain for a certain length of time in the mmd. it undeigoes a ohange like that which rest in a certain pontion gives sto iron. It becomes magnetic in its relations—it is traversed by strange forces which did not belong to r-t. The word, and consequently the idea it repre- .sents, is poZewiscd. The religious currency of mankind, fin thought, in speech, and in print, consists entirtly of polarised words. Borrow one of these from another language and religion, and you will find it leaves aU its magnetism behind it. Take that 'famous word O'm, of the Hindoo mythology. Even a priest cannot pronounce it without sin, and a holy ,Pundit would shut his ears and run away from you in Iiorror, if you should say it aloud. What do you care for O'm ? What do others care for Baptize ? If you wantecl. to get the Pundit to look at his religion -if&vrly yon must first depolarize this and all similar vords for him. The argument for and against new rtranslations of the Bible really turns on this. We are reprehensibly conservative in our religion. Is it vuat passing strange, taking Penarth alone, that not dOne Church uses the latest version of the New Testament! I think, myself, if every idea our Book contains could be shelled out of its old symbol and put sinto a new, clean, unmagnetic word, we should have •■.gome chance of reading it as philosophers, or wisdom- ilavers ought to read it. Not only out of the mouths of babes and sucklings can we get our truest lessons, bat also from heathens. Having travelled, pretty .well nearly over the world I can speak with some -authority. This correspondence I shall watch with Considerable interest. Enclosed, please find my card. I air, etc., COSMOPOLITAN. ,Penartb, March 14, 1395. BETTING. To the Editor of the Penarth Chronicle. Dear Sir,—I noted the letter cf your corres- pondent. Fair Play, re Betting. He very justly aeomplains that some are prosecuted, and others are rassed over as unseen, and says -1 The present state •of things is undignified and ridiculous," which I fully endorse. He points out the fact that betting houses abound stili in Penarth let us hope these things will be noted by those whose duty it is to purge these dens of mischief. But I think the tone of his letter -suggests that the Law" rather than the evasion of has recently been a nuisance to him, but why were the latvs on the subject ? because the practice is a. recognised evil Let us see in what way. I will -not attempt to detail how the practice has wrecked eche fortune of the Marquess or the Ba:,otiet bow it 11M3 brought to a crash the merchant's business, but will give specimens of tne more common place inci- •dent. The clerks debt of honour" (SUI (t Jy the direst diBhonüur), paid from his employers cash, how many aach have 1o,i),nt sleepless nights on hard beds in her .Majesty's, gaol as a supposed expiation of the crime, "While his wife and children were left. penniles3 to en- fdare their disgrace How many shopmen to meet these misnamed debts of honour have robbed their r45.st.ers t:n ?. Th en came to my knowledge ,tlhtjy ksr than twe:a-y jsules from Penarth. Ne). I. A,ti boy on certain Alonday boasted of aittj »«??»•••<fns in 11(3 proceeds of tatting. lie Jeat a CLiLV" to a fcl 'i, v apprentice to speculate" j with, but. before Saturday in the same way as it came •'BO his moL ey went. Tins reached his employers tears, who on inves^gition, found that be with two fellow apprentices, and about seven fellow shopmen were a company of gamblers The employer know- ing that a gambler's conscience is very often a missing article, felt that his property and money were not "safe in such hands, hence the gambling apprentices j bad their Indentures cancelled and the seven assistants' discharged. No. 2 case at another establishment within rifle shot of the former one, a man with wife and family being paid a fair salary to live respectable became enamoured of the gambling greed, plundered his employer to the extent of some hundreds of pounds to meet its demands, resulting in the inevitable will out," and out of consideration for a slight family relationship and commiseration for his wife and chil- dren he was simply discharged, character and em- ployment lost) and in his wanderings he recently came to live at Penarth, but fortune did not follow him and I he has gone further. No. 3 case at an establishment also within rifle shot of the first. Three young men holding respectable positions, but they were clients of the bookmaker, and they too robbed their em- ployers to the extent of some hundreds of pounds. At I first discovery their employers did not know the fextent of their plunder, and to avoid the worry of a prose- cution he simply cleared them out. And such men [ are some of the bookmakers of to day One of the r last named has plied that business in Penarth, his character being gone. I presume a better calling j was not easily obtainable. These are not culled from newspapers or gathered from the ends of the earth or even the observations of a lifetime, they are all of very recent date, the establishments concerned within two minutes walk of each other, and the several employers are my personal acquaintances, and as before intimated not far away. These are but inampleii, and I have only touched a very small part of the evil of gambling, but enough to show it is an evil. Berry, the late executioner, states that out of one hundred and ninety persons he has hung there was not one Teetotaler. I should be interested to know how many gamblers he had led to the gallows. Fair play charges the ff Bishops" with bringing ignorance into the controversy. I suppose he will hardly call the foregoing facts" ignorance," he may say there are other evils; granted, but that does not make this less an evil- By your permission I shall probably treat the sub- ject next week, historic and legislative. Yours faithfully, EDWARD SEAGRAVE. Penarth, March 13, 1895.
Church Defence COGAN, LLANDOUGH AND DISTRICT BRANCH. The annual meeting was held on Thursday night Mr John Griffiths, churchwarden, presiding. There wera present the Rev Fl E. Williams, (Rector) Messrs Church, Manley, Trail, Yarnold, Colborne, Westyr Evans, (Hon. Sec.,) and others. Several apologies for net being able to be present were received, includ- ing Miss Corbett, Mrs Russell, and other ladies; Messrs Osman, Gibson, Barrow, Bryant, Sidford, and others on account of sickness and1 detention at work. The Hon Sec gave a long report of the work done last year; he also produced the accounts showing receipts XI 10s 5d, payments fl, IC-s 3d, but out- standing subscriptions of over 10s were to come in. The accounts were examined with the vouchers and passed. The Hon. Sec. also reported that At a joint meeting of the Central Church Committee, and the Church Defence Institution, held at Church House, on 8th January, 1895, the Archbishop's scheme was adopted. In order to secure unity of organisation and action, it is desirable that all Diocesan, Archidiaconal Ruridecanal and Parochial Committees formed, or to be formed, for the purpose of resisting Disestablish- ment and Diseudowment, be associated with the Cen- tral Church Committee, and that with this view all existing local branches of the Church Defence Institu- tion will place themselves in communication with the General Secretary of the Central Church Committee, with respect to matters relating to organization, but no change in their name, character, and objects is contemplated, The sole issue of all literature in connection with Church Defence (other thai instructions for organiza- tion) is now entrusted to the Church Defeace Insti- tution, as heretofore. The meeting decided not to make any change re- elected the old committee with a few exceptions; with regret received the resignation of Mr J. H. W estyr-Evans, solicitor, as hon sec which he reluc- tantly tendered, owing to presure of work, but he will still continue to take as keen an interest in Defence work as ever, and the meeting unanimously elected him President in. lieu of the late Mr Brewer. Mr Weslyr-Evans was also appointed delegate of the branch. The Rev F. E. Williams was elected treasurer; Mr J. G. Colborne, bon. secretary; Mr lL Trail, assistant hon. secretary and Mr J. Grif- fiths, vice-president. A strong revolution protesting against the Bill lately i-i.rodticed in the House of Commons for tile Di.soiido >vaiHuti vid of the Church io Wales w is pas«twi> and it was decided to four petitions foi signature, the same being left to the Rector, president) and hon. secretary to draw up. Miss Corbett and Miss Rous were nominated as vice- preaideiits, and it is hoped they will consent to the appointment. The committee then sat and received subscriptions of £ 1 5s- for this year, and issued cards ot-member- ship. They will meet again next Monday for issuing < petitions, &c.
Prudential Assurance Company. In another column will be found the summary of the Report and General Balance Sheet of the above' Company for the year 1894. It is interesting to note- the progress of this Company from year to year, and here in Penarth, the amount of business annually transacted exceeds, we believe. that of any other Company. In the Ordinary Branch the number of policies issued during the year, waa 61,744, assuring the sum of £ 6,282,120, and producing a new annual premium income of £ 339,957. In the Industrial Branch the premiums received during the year were 14,244,2-24 being an increase of £ 272,360. The claims of the year in this branch amounted to £ 1,548,377; the deaths were 168,689, and 1,304* Endowment Assurances matured. At the end of the year the numher of policiee in force were 11,176,661. The assets of the company, including General and Industrial Branches, are f 21,213,805, being an increase over 1893, of more than two and a half millions. This money is invested in various ways, the Cardiff School Board having borrowed of the amount, the sum of £157,034 2s 4d, and the Cardiff Union Xl,046 19s 9d. In Penarth there are four agents and assistants, beside Mr Morcom, of 5, Belle Vue Terrace, who has been appointed District Superintendent, and whose district extends front Penarth to Cowbridge. Intending assurers may ob* tain all necessary information from Mr Morcom ot any of the local agents, We canLot too strongly urge upon our readers the necessity of having their lives insured, and have confidence in recommending the Prudential as being one of the best and soundest Companies.
Concert at Andrews' Hall. On Wednesday evening a concert in aid of the widow and family of the late Mr Thomas Cosslett was given iu Andrews' Hall. The room was com- fortably full. but had it not been for a concert in the Park Hall, Cardiff, in which so many Penarth peopl* were interested, there is little doubt but what the roolu would have been packed to overflowing. It ii gratifying- to note, however, that the attendance did not fully represent the number of tickets sold, and very great praise is due to the large number of young' people who showed their sympathy with the object, by taking tickets for sale, and assisting in other ways to make the concert a success. At 7.40 the choir numbering about one hundred filed on to the platform, and immediately after the chairman, the Rev W. G. Davies, commenced the pro- ceedings by calling upon Mr J. P. Thomas, of Barry, for a pianoforte solo, which he very creditably per- formed The Chairman next referred to the sad event which had necessitated the concert, and spoke in the highest terms of the deceased. The choir and audience then united in singing deceased's favourite hymn, Jesus lover of my soul," to the popular Welsh tune' Aberystwyth," which was also a great favourite with the deceased. This was followed by the choir rendering the anthem The earth is the Lord's," the solo parts being taken by Miss Arthur, Miss Gilbert, Mr W. Cornwell and., Air 'G. Pawley- Mr John Thomas, Barry, who possesses a rich and powerful tenor voice, was heard to advantage in the song Within the minster, and Mr Justyn Parry, our local baritone, capitally rendered 1, Ora Pra Nobis-" 1i.r J. N. Strong, varied the proceedings with a finely executed violin solo, "Meditation," and then a trio, "Lord be merciful," composed by Dr. Parry, was admirably sung by Miss Emma Webb, Mr Carston and Mr Parry; Miss Beatrice Edwards, a member of the Royal Welsh Ladies' Choir, and priz.e winner at Bridgend Eisteddfod, received a very grati- fying encore for- her rendition of For all eternity/ and in response sang "Once." The ficgt part, which it will be noticed was of a sacred character, was closed with an anthem by the Choir "Angels ever bright and fair." After a short interval, Mr J. F. Thomas opened the second part with a pianofore solo) and was succeeded by Messrs Carston and Parry singing the duet The Martial Spirit." Miss Webb, a Penarth young lady> possessing a good soprano voice which with a little cultivation) would make her a very popular singed rendered By the Fountain 1, for which effort she was warmly applauded. The choir now SALIX Jesus of Nazareth," the solos being taken by Mr J. Parry and Mr Thomas. Miss Edwards delighted the audience with "Dear heart." and was again vocifer" ously encored. Mr Strong was the next to take tb0 platform, and ke again manipulated the strings of hi* violin to the pleasure of,the assembly. <• Albion' was sung by Mr Thomas and Mr Parry, and then M* Thomas was heartily applauded for his solo Beyond the gates." The programme was concluded by the choir, singing Daughter of Zion." The Obairmll" having expressed the thanks of Mrs Cosslett and family for the effoid put forfcb on their behalf, proceedings terminated with the doxology. -plofassor G' U. How 11 ably officiated as a("tffi" pauist, aud io tiim the committee de&ire to tender theit warmest thanks, also to the various artistes and the large number of young people who composed the choir. The services of the above were allgratuiLOU1311 rendered. Those who took tickets for sale will oblige bf taking the cash and unsold tickets to the Secretary soon as possible, so as to enable the Committee close the accounts at an early date.