..t::So8IIIftQIIW rui'J1tI Is Penarth Healthy ? $' MEDICAL OFFICER'S REMARKABLE PRO. NOUNCEMENT. A LOW DEATH RATE. J BUT MORTALITY RETURNS NOT A CRITERION OF THE PREVALENCE OF DISEASE. RAMPANT DEFECTIVE SANITATION The Vice-Chairman of the District Council pre- sided over the Public Health Committee last Monday night. Besides the usual officials there were present Messrs W. L- Morris, J. P., D. Morgan, L. Purnell, J. Pavey, R. Bevan, and T. Bevan. The Medical Officer reported that during November last there were registered 31 births, 18 males and 13 females, equal to a rate of 28 8 per 1,000 per annum. The number of denlhs was 12, corresponding- to a rate of 10-8 per 1,000 per annum- Of the cause of death 3 were from respiratory diseases, 1 consump- tion, 1 convulsions, 1 croup, and 5 from diseases not secessarily classified. There was one inquest- verdict natural causes — and one case of diph- :■ theria at 87, Salop-street, which probably arose from insanitary conditions. Of the ages of those who died 2 were under 1 year, 3 between 1 and 5, 1 be- tween 5 and 25, 2 between 25 and 60, and 4 at 60 End upwards. There was a marked absence of in- fectious diseases, only one case of scarlet fever hav- ing- been notified under the Infectious Diseases Noti- fication Act. During December, 26 births were re- corded, 6 jinales and 20 females, together with 9 deaths, corresponding to a rate of 22-7 and 8*1 per 1,000 per annum respectively. With reference to the causes ot death, 3 were from diseases of the respira- tory organ, 2 consumption, 1 meningitis, 2 senile de- cay, and 1 from an ailment not necessarily classified. Two were under the age of 1 year, 2 between 1 and 5. 2 between 26 and '6°, and 3 at 60 and upwards. Four notices under the Infectious Diseases (Notifica- tion) Act had been received, 2 being diphther ia cases at 3, Oakleigh-terrace, and 15, John-street, respec- ■-•v tively, 1 scarlet fever at Park-road—this being an a. caseand 1 croup at Corners Well Faim 1 but the Bute Estate had promised to make certain necessary alerations at the last-mentioned place. Measles had entirely died out. For the year 1894 the daath rate was 8-8 and the birth rate 30'8. The mor- tality rate was very low, and conld hardly be equalled by any Urban Authority of similar size. The birth rate, however, could be beaten. ■ (Laughter). j Mr Meazey reported defective sanitation at 16, James-street, a certain house in Windsor-terrace, a defective stench-trap at 59, Ludlow- treet, and a de- fective w.c. at 34, Windsor-road- The Inspector of Nuisances further reported a large number of defec- tive soil and ventilating pipes running through pantrys and conservatories. Many of these pipes, which were only 1 inches diameter vice 4, were bent in undesir- able places, and even had open joints. Some of the yentiiators actually ran right into the house- (Sen- sation). Decisive action ought to be taken by the Council, as he had drawn owners' attention to the danger to public health, but they have taken no notice of him. There was a house in Dock-road where the excrement was oozing through the wall. The ques- tion naturally arose as to under which bye-laws the Council could act. Mr C. Bevan could not understand what locus standi thsy had m the matter. Plans had been passed by the old Board 14 or 15 years ago, under the then existing code oi bye-laws, and according to the re- turns of the Medical Officer, the public health bad not ffe 7 (, ( suffered. Granted, that if the ioiuts of soil pipes and ventilating shafts were open, they were within their jurisdiction in summarily compelling the abatement of that nuisance, but surely they could not compel c),viers to put in 4in. pipes when smaller pipes were sanctioned under the old regime. This alleged danger to public health was either a myth or most extraor- dinary in the face of the well-maintained abnorma-Ily low mortality reported by Dr Nell. Dr Nell replied that the death rate of a town was not to be taken as a guarantee of its healthiness or unbealthiness. There might be twenty cases of sore throat and a large amount of sicKness caused by de- fective sanitary appliances, but which did not neces- sarily come under the cognizance of the Medical Officer. In answer to Mr Bevan, The Clerk said that the law was not retrospective. Mr Snell observed that they could not interfere in the matter until the existence of a nuisance was re- ported, when it was their duty to take prompt action. Meanwhile the Inspector would bring the most flag- rant cases before the Clerk, who would advise him Low to ,ict. Mr Meazey took this as his instructions. Mr R. Bevan was a little curious on one point, for Seeing that one, according to the doctor's dictum, tOnId not judge of the health of the town by the l- ;&1&¡ death rate, how, then, did Penarth compare with other similar towns ? The Doctor said he hadn't tables at hand, but there was being formulated a system whereby, without spying too much on the liberty of the subject, theie would soon be ascertained approximately the preva- lence and nature of all sickness. At present statistics showed only prospective severity and malignancy of diseases. 0 This medical innovation was dubiously, though facetiously received by the member, and further mer- riment was evoked by Mr Morgan saying a local doctor had lately told him that he was starving as he had no work to do.
FOOTBALL. LLANELLY v. PENARTH. Notwithstanding the unpropitious weather which prevailed throughout South Wales early on Saturday morning last, the mitch with the Tinplaters was brought off in the afternoon in due course. The Penarth Committee, with commendable promptitude and a single eye to business, had the ground cleared of the snow during the forenoon, and, considering the bitterly cold weather, quite a crowd gathered to wit- ness the second match this season between the much- vaunted -,boys and our home team. If clincatic considerations had been at all favourable, and people had known for a certainty that the fixture was to be played, without doubt there would have been a very great gate. There was no gainsaying the fact the Llanelly men bad won themselves a name. They had drawn with Newport on the Newport ground, and de- feated Newport on the Stradey ground and, in ad- dition to this, they were the first team to break the record of Penarth, and this latter fact especially added piquancy to the meeting on Saturday. No wonder, then, considering these thingss that considerable in- terest was centred in the day's doings. It is much to be rejrretted that neither club was fully represented. TUe visitors weie ""UU<Vu.u A u.v their best men, and Penarth suffered in the same manner. Of course, Penarth had Sweet-Escott and Elsey, and these players proved themselves to be of splendid service; but it would have been much better if both sides respectively could have put their best men into the field. Then we would have had a true test of club strength. When people look hack at the first match this season between the two clubs, the result—a win for Llanelly by a try-is, to say the least of it, a terrible eyesore. They know full what a large element of luck helped the Tinplaters on that occasion. They won by sheer good fortune plus rough play. The defeat, therefore, of the scarlets on Saturday last came not only as a welcome result, but as what was expected on sizing up the two clubs. It goes without the saying that the visicors played a bard game, but they were bested without tie shadow of a doubt, and, if they brought their best team to- morrow to visit the Town on the Hill.' Penarth would not be second in the race for honours- The forwards on Saturday were pretty el,ei]Y matched in the first half, but in the second potion of tbe game the homesters showed more to ajutage by reason of their superior lasting po,'er. All the 11 Penarth ups played capitally, and Esey was cer- tainly a good substitute for Dai Evans Gibbs, how- ever, was missed with his fine work ir the open. His following up and general brilliancy wmld have been a great help. At half we were fortunate in bein able to secure the services of so polished and expéÍenced a player as R. B. Sweet-Escott. He playef really a cham- pioa game. His kicks into touch wire very effec- tive and given with judgment, and ( must be said that it was owing to his tricky plf in throwing- across the field to Jack Alexander tP^ ^inning points were scored for Penarth. lutchings, too, played a clever game, but of a diffepnt kind. Time after time he dropped on the bÐI as the smart Llanelly forwards were about to <jrt>ble off. The two Penarth centra • did well, especJly onr old and tried friend Dick, and judging bj his display, it almost seemed as if Richard, were bilself again. Jack -=l!'LIfJCUiJmv.1lt-l"vr-s.t Alexander, too, mnst be commended, for he scored the try which turned the tables on the visitors. Ac gove is young yet, but be made a promising shevfy and when he has been tutored a bit by the good com- pany he was in, he may turn out a fine man. Cle- mence is on the up grade again, and it is to be hoped that be will still keep going up. Coming to the .1 1!5 Llanelly team it may be said that their forwards played a hard, keen game, and their backs, for defeil, sive purposes, were fairly good, but for scoring puf' poses, they weren't worth the much talked of pinch of snuff. THE INTERNATIONAL. What most people anticipated came to pass-wale$ was defeated by Scotland. The Welsh forwards were a real good lot, and seem to have held their own. Tbfl halves, too, were up to the mark, but the quartette on the whole, were considerably below what ought to be considered as International form. The LlanellJ threequarters should certainly make room for bettef men. They are too light for defence, and, as regards y 0 aggressive operations, they are not in the same st.reet.. as men who were left out in the cold. In view of tbl Irishl International, and the much dreaded wcode". soon, Itep us hope a strong threequarter line will rei present Wales, and that the men will be picked o" their merits', and merits only, and not on the gaO' I graphical question of East or West. THE PENYGKRAIG- MATCH. This match will not take place, the Penarth group' being in an unplayable condition-
Alleged Arson near CaCILoxfuoii. PENARTH FIRE BRIGADE REQUISITJONED HAYRICK ABLAZE NEAR PENARTH. COMMENDABLE PROMPTITUDE OF INSPltf TOR ROBERTS SAVES ONE RICK. ACCUSED UPON HIS TRIAL. IMPORTANT ADMISSION BY THE PRISONEP Before Messrs T. Morel, John Cory (Sea-view), aC District Councillor W. L. Morris at Penarth PoliCI court on Monday, a fireman named George Williaitf of no fixed address, was brought up m custody charg& with setting fire to three ricks of hay on SaturS* afternoon last. .The first two witnesses were Mr Edward JenkiC1 farmer, Old Mill Farm, Cadoxton, who owned one" the ricks, the damage to which was estimated at £ & and Mrs Harry, Southdra Farm, the owner of the ttf remaining ricks, the damage in this case being abov X60. One of the ricks was completely dEstroyeC the others being only partially damaged. Frederick Manning, a driver, living at Canton, sail, that about l-30 on Saturday afternoon last he driving towards Cadoxton, and after passing Difl& Powis he saw a large volume of smoke issuing fror#1 hayrick. Upon getting a little nearer he saw tvv ricks on fire in a field near the road. Witness sa prisoner coming from near the ricks towards the gatl and afterwards on to the roadway. He (prisoner- then came on towards witness and passed him clo* by, looking in the direction of the fire. Witness rei. oorted the fire to a man pt Bigs's Brickworks, and!" being obliged to attend a funeral, also gave a desert tion of prisoner, who he suspected had set them 01 fire, He was now positive that prisoner was the wa;. be had seen. Police-constable Ben Davies, stationed at Cadoxto11 stated that he went to the scene of the fire shortli after 12.30 in company with P.C,IG Peacock ¡J( Thorburn. They put the fire out by means of bucket in about an hour's time. In consequence of what tj¡i last witness told him, witness arrested prisoner 1.45 p.m. on the Cardiff-road. When charged prl soner denied having committed the offence. In pfJ, soner's coat witness found some loose matches aP' some clover hay seed upon his clothing. At this juncture the prisoner was lemovedforatifl* to another room, at the instance of the magistrate, clerk, and a short time afterwards, when the case W$ resumed, P C. Berry was placed in the wltness-bo and stated that while in his custody prisoner made voluntary statement. He said. I; I was in in 18* for setting ricks on fire at Pencoedcae Farm, inO Pontypridd, and had seven years for that at the Cllt diff Assizes on the loth March, 1889, but I am verJ sorry that I should set fire to ricks belonging to poor widow on Saturday last." < Prisoner, when now charged, pleaded guilty, av was committed far trial at the forthcoming assizes* • )