FARM NOTES. The warmer weather has had a, most beneficial and desirable influence upon vegetation gener- elly, and there will shortly be an abundance of grass for the store stock and sheep, though some .showers would be all ad-vantage at the time of writing indeed, there are indications that there is a change in the weather impending. Since I wrote you last week, I have had a run from North Wales to the far south of Devon- shire, travelling by way of Salop, Hereford, and Bristol. Everywhere, I found vegetation some- what backward for the end of April, and the land positively thirsting for rain. It is really astonishing to find the land so dry after a long -wet, cold winter. One hears a great deal of the advantages of a 11 southern, climate, but so far as I could observe tthere is very little distinction between the ap- pearance of nature with us and in Devonshire. The latter, perhaps, are a week or ten days in advance of us-for example, I saw rhododendrons in bloom, and the primroses are disappearing, [having come out at an earlier date. But there is quite as much grass in North Wales as in Devonshire, which, perhaps 1S not saying much. I saw several flocks of Shropshire sheep pas- lturedalongMe the railway; the Herefords ap- peared in the pink of condition, and the same remark applies to the fine reds of Devon. Every- where, the same complaint was heard of the scarcity of labour, and the deainess of stores and milch cows—'the latter more particularly. And that leads me by an easy gradation to speak of the cattle markets. During the past fortnight, the market has been steadily harden- ing, and sound stock is easy to sell at very 4Temunerative prices. Last week, the local and district markets were pretty well supplied with stores, and in spite of the- increase in values, these changed hands very readily, only inferior 4IJrimals being left unsold. I do not know that the agricultural situation ihas greatly improved, but the situation, if I may express it, is easier. The south country farmers have passed through a fearful cycle of odepression-a depression which has weeded out the financially weak, reduced rents all round, thinned the villages of labour, and driven thou- sands of farmers and men off the land into other pursuits. But the general opinion is that the worst of the depression has passed, and that with im- proving prices farmers have better times ahead. With us material prosperity means a steady demand at remunerative prices for stock. The extent to which the cost of maintaining a flock of sheep varies is strikingly illustrated by the figures of costs for the past and preceding winters computed by the Teviotdale Farmers' dub. The average cost per week of feeding sheep on turnips during the recent season was struck as follows —HaJ-brwi ewes, Sid, com- pared with lOd in 1900; Cheviot ewes, 41d, against Bid; and Cheviot hoggs, 3id against 64d last year. It would seem from these, no doubt, reliable figures that the-cost of production varies even more widely than the rates of realisation, and, consequently, the prosperity or failure of the pursuit cannot always be correctly measured by the market quotations. In an experiment in cattle-feeding carried out during the patst winter at the Bangor University College, cotton seed meal was tested in com- parison with decorticated cotton cake. Each lot consisted of four animals, and the rations, apart from the articles named, comprised 41b maize meal, 51b long-hay, and pulped swedes, straw and hay chaff, and water "ad lib. and towards the end 21b crushed oats per head per day. The ootton meal and cake were each given at the rate of 41b per head. The result showed an advan- tage in favour of the cake, the net monetary gain <m four bullocks being J31 14s, or 8s 6d per head. The cattle fed on cake also yielded a slightly higher percentage of carcase to live weight than the lot receiving meal. It does not surprise me to hear that the urban district councils of North Wales are strongly protesting against the re-imposition of the Sating Relief Act, the Barmouth Urban District Council having passed the following resolution: —"That this council views with, astonishment and alarm the projected renewal of that iniquit- ous piece of class legislation known as the Agri- cultural Rates Act; and that, thaving regard especially to the prospect of increased taxation which the exigencies of the State has rendered) inevitable in the immediate future, this council earnestly appeals to his Majesty's Government to allow the above Act to expire, and so avoid emphasising further the inequality which already exists in the incidence of taxation as between urban and rural districts respectively; also, that a copy of this resolution be sent to the Prime (Minister, the Leader of the House of Commons, the Leader of the Opposition, and the member for tftfe county of Merioneth."
The aimoaincemenit is made of the impending formation of 'am ecclesiastical district out of the extensive anlal ancient parish of Llanbadarn Fawr, near Abeitystwyth. This is rendered possible by the munlocence of Sir Pryse Pryse, of Gog- erddan, who has given J32000 to the endowment, WiblMh, the Ecclesiastical Commissioners have met with an equal sum. The new parish will be oaJRed Penrhynooch, the present curate becoming its first vicar..
I It's easy to make sure I that you are getting Colman's Starch. If you get it in a cardboard box with Colman's name on, you are safe. A package labelled Colman's is a guarantee that you are getting a starch that won't rot linen. Clothes last longer, retain their whiteness better, keep a whiter colour when Colman's Starch is used. I COLMAN'S STARCH I Sold in Cardboard Boxes. But you must see that Colman's I name is on the box. I
LOCAL AND DISTRICT NEWS. BALA PETTY SESSIONS.—Saturday, before E. G. Jones, Esq., and other magistrates.—Maggie Laura Lewis, Mount-street, Bala, summoned Francis Henry Parkins, 3, Surveyor's-place, Portmadoc, in an affiliation case.—The defendant was ordered to pay 2s 6d per week, and the usual costs.—William Edwards, Ysgubor Fawr, Bala., was summoned for not informing the police that 15 of his sheep suffered from scab.—He was fined £2 including costs. MERIONETH AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY. A meeting of the local committee was held at Bala on Saturday, Dr Williams, Bala, in the chair. Mr E. M. Roberts, Talsarnau, the secre- tary, was also present. A letter was read from Col. Burton, Eryl Aran, Bala, accepting the honour of president of the show, and offering JB30 in special prizes. It was decided that sub- stantial prizes be given this year for good animals, so as to make the show a good one. It was decided that the JB50 offered by Col. Burton be given as additional prizes, and not added to the funds of the society. The prizes for the various classes were then arranged.
BARMOUTH. THE COUNCIL AND THE AGRICUL- I TURAL RATES ACT.—At a meeting of the urban council, on Tuesday, the Rev Gwynoro Da- vies presiding, the following resolution was un- animously adopted "That this council view., with astonishment and alarm the projected re- newal of that iniquitous piece of class legislation known as the Agricultural Rates Act; and that, having regard especially to the prospect of in- creased taxation which the exigencies of the State has rendered inevitable in the immediate future, this council earnestly appeals to his Majesty's Government to allow the above Act to expire and so avoid emphasising further the inequality which already exists in the incidence of taxation as between urban and rural districts respectively also, that a copy of this resolution be sent to the Prime Minister, the leader of the House of Commons, the leader of the Opposition, and the member for the county of Merioneth."
BEAUMARIS. YACHT INTELLIGENCE.—The cutter "Bri- tannia," Sir R. Williams-Bulkeley, Bart., which is stationed here, left on April 24th for a cruise to Kingstown. Mr E. K. Muspratt's new cutter, "Wehrwolf," arrived here on April 21st, from Itoylake. The "Fortuna," Mr Moseley; "Nesta," Mr G. R. 'Cox, and "Eileen," Mr S. Mason, are fitting out.
DOLGELLEY. PETTY SESSIONS.—On Tuesday, before the Rev E. T. Watts (chairman), C. E. M. Edwards, Esq., R. W. Williams, Esq., and Colonel Scott, Hugh Thcmas, Drwsynant Inn, was charged by Superintendent Jones with selling drink to a drunken person on Sunday, the 7th April.—Mr R. G. Jones prosecuted on behalf of the police, and Mr W. R. Davies appeased to defend. — The Bench dismissed the case.
FESTINIOG. EDUCATIONAL CONFERENCE. — The above conference was held on Saturday after- noon at the urban council room. It consisted of the members of the school board, the local govern- ing body, and the technical education committee. The purpose of the conference was to consider the educational facilities afforded for children who had passed the seventh form in the Higher- grade School. Mr Owen Jones, Erw Fair, was elected chairman, but as he was absent, the Rev R. J. Williams was appointed in his place. The matter was placed before the meeting by Mr E. P. Jones, J.P., chairman of the school board. He said that at present there were no facilities for those who had passed the seventh form in the Higher-grade School. The majority of the I children had passed this class before they were 13 years of age. They would not be admitted into the quarries until they were 14. In the meantime, they were idle. About 50 boys and I girls went out like this every year.—Dr Jones proposed that they appoint a committee of nine to draw out a scheme.—Mr Evan Jones second- ed, and it was unanimously carried.—The follow- ing were elected as committee: —Rev R. T. Williams, Messrs E. P. Jones, Owen Jones, Wil- liam Owen, Owen J. Owens, John H. Jones, R. Walker Davies, Miss Jones, and the Rev D. Richards, M.A.—The scheme suggested at the conference was that a year's training at the County School be given free of charge to the pupils, and subsequently two sessions' training at the night schools. W 0
HOLYHEAD. ADVERTISEMENTS.—Advertisements for the "Hoiyhead Mail," "Carnarvon and Den- bigh Herald," "Herald Cymraeg," and "Papur Pawb," are received by Mr W. 0. Jones. Comp- ton House, Holvhead. DRUNKENNESS—John Garvin, of no fixed residence, but weill known to the police, walil on Monday, at a special police court, W. D. Jones, Esq., presiding, sent to prison for seven days with hard labour for drunkenness. FIRE.*—On Tuesday afternoon—it being the weekly half-hioliday—a fire was discovered on the premises of Mr Henry Wilson, Drug Hall, Market-street. Two or three men who happened to be in the vicinity rushed into the shop, and succeeded in getting the flames under before the fire had spread very seriously. Mr Wilson has sustained damage to stock and fixtures, buit to what extent we do not know. The origin of the fire is unknown. INCREASED BOAT TRAFFIC.—This week, the L. and N.-W. Railway Co., have putt on an extra service to cope with the summer traffic that is rapidly on the increase between Holy- head and Dublin. Three cargo boats will now ply each way daily, and this will materially in- crease the traffic by rail. We are informed that the steamship accommodation is mot now equal to the demands, and that the company at its present rate of progress will have to make pro- vision for increased berthing facilities. BAND OF HOPE TREAT. — On Tuesday afternoon, the Band of Hope children, under the presidency of Mr Beard andi Mrs W. S. Owen, held their annual tea, and the good things pro- vided were most excellent. The Band of Hope has proved such a decided success; during the winter months that it has been unanimously agreed to carry the meetings on all through the rummer. Miss Jone?, the registrar of births and deaths for the town and neighbourhood, has proved a fiaithful and efficient accompanist. THE COUNTY SCHOOL.—Active prepera- tions are being made for the opening of the new internledialte school in temporary premises in the course of a few days. Mr R. P. Williams, M.A., Wrexham, the headmaster, has appointed the following as his teaching staff. Messrs W. G. Roberts. B.A., County School, Bansror. and — Price, B.A., Aberystwyth; Miss Mabel Cleaeby, M.A., formerly of Carnarvon (head- mistress), with the Misses C. A. Davies, B.A., Banker, and Edith Owen, B.A., Menai Bridge. A RAILWAY MAN IN TROUBLE.—At the police court on Monday, before R. J. Edwards, Esq., John Gannon, a carriage cleaner, was charged by Inspector Thompson, with steal- mo- crockerv, valued at 4s 6d, the propertv of flip L. and'N.-W. Railway Co. It seems that the accused was suspected of the theft, and Serereant Hugh Jones visited! his new houre- the accused only being, married abotft two months—and were handed the articles produced, the accused admitting the theft.—Defendant was remanded to the Valley P^ty Session^ THE RETURN OF THE VOLUNTEERS. On Thursdav, a special meeting of th^ urban •council w&s held, Mr W. D. Jones, i^rei siding, when a letter was read from Colonel Rees, Carnarvon, as to the home-coming of the volunteers.—The Chairman said that the town had given the volunteers a grand send-off, and now that they had served their country, it would be well to extend to them a warm welcome. Other towns were moving, and he would not like Holyhead to be behind in this, as they claimed to be as loyal as amy part of the Em- pire.—Mr Hall suggested, and afterwards moved, that a religious service should be held in the church, and that admission be by ticket.—-This was seconded by Mr John Roberts, and carried. The same gentlemen moved and seconded that a temporary platform be erected, and that ad- Presses be delivered.—Captain Roberts proposed, and Mr T. Josiah Griffith seconded, that a com- memorative token of some description be fur- nished the men individually, as a mem-nto of the celebration and appreciation of their work. —Mr C. E M. Prichaid suggested that an address should be presented to the preserved by the corps.-Mr Tom Roberts wished to have a public subscription opened, and pro- posed that this be done.—Finally, it-was agreed to form a committee of seven members of the council, together with Oaptain W. H. Edwards, JJP., and with power to add, to carry out the arrangements, the questions of a brass plate in the parish church, the presentation of an :Iad- dress. the opening of a subscription list, etc. to be left to the committee.—The volunteers are expected to reach home on the 8th. PASTORAL CALL.—The many friends of the Rev E. B. Jones, Mount Pleasant Independent Church, will lea-rn with. regret that Mr Jones may leave the locality shortly. He has been in- vited to the pastorate of Zoar Congregational Church, Swansea, a church that is both large And influential. Mr Jones, is a popular preacher, an active temperance and social reformer, and his church and the town can ill afford to loose him. Mr Jones has not yet decided to accept the offer, and may yet be prevailed upon to remain he-re which is the wish expressed. THE PRIMROSE LEAGUE. — On Tuesday, the Town Hall was gaily decorated, the occasion being the annual gathering of the Primrose League local branch. The St. Cybi Habitation held a grand tea in the afternoon. The tables were very nicely spread with toothsome cakes in almost endless variety, and the choice flowers which covered the tables added to their attrac- tiveness. The following ladlies, assSisted by others*; presided at the tables —Mrs Kendall, Mrs George Kendaiil. Mrs Binnev, Mrs Nash, land Miss Kinsman, Eccles, Manchester Miss Thiomas, The Vicarage; Mrs. Parry, DevonaM- I street: Mrs Thomson, Upper Park-street; Mrs Fox Lloyd1, Mrs Williams, etc. In the evening, a varied and interesting programme of vocal and instrumental music was rendered under the pre- sidency of the Rev Patterson Morgan. The programme was well-sustained. by the orchestra, made up of thw pupils of Mr Parsons, South House, and the following ladies and Hughes, Miss Mabel Clark, Miss Nellie Jones, Misses Lenfe^tev and Jones. Mrs Fraser Williams, Messrs W. Ballyn, D. Jones, Bassett, — Bannister, and Captain Tvner. BRAVERY REWARDED.—It <will be remem- bered that the only survivor of the crew of the "Primrose Hill" was savedi by Mr Hugh Owen, son of Mr John Owen, farmer, of Taihirion, Pen- rhosfeilw, who ventured at imminent peril and in the raging storm on to a precipitous piece of rock to render help to the poor sailor, amd res- cued him from a watery grave. Lord Stanley of Alderley has not allowed the circumstance to pass without showing his usual kindness in re- warding such commendable conduct and feat of bravery. On •Saturday last, his Lordship re- warded Mr John Owen, the father of the young man, with an excellent cart, one of Margeston land Holes' screw tip carts, as a reward for the services of his son in "saving life under the cir- cumstances mentioned. Lord Stanley made the presentation at Penrhos, in the presence. of a large number of friends, who were staying at Penrhos, and made some very appropriate re- marks, and; congratulated Mr John Owen upon having such a brave son. Mr John Owen grate- fully thanked his lordship for the present in suitable terms. All this goes to prove the ex- 'I cellent relationship which exists between Lord Stanley and his tenantry.
LLANGEFNI THE URlBAN COUNCIL. — Mr O. Trevor Williams is the new chairman of the council, and Mr R. Jones, Regent House, is the vice- chairman. THE BOARD SOHOOli.—On Friday evening. the children of the Board School held an inter- esting meeting in the Town Hall, under the pre- sidency of Mr S. J. Evans, M.A., headmaster of the County School. Several songs and recita- t tions were given by the children, and addresses I by the President and thf Revs J. Donne and: T. Frimstone. Medals were presented to Teddy Frimstone and Gwilym Davies for attending school during the year, and six others received prizes.
LLANRWST. THE FAIRS.—On Thursday, a public meet- ing of farmers and others was held in the Markrt Hall, with a view of reconsidering the previous decision arrived at to hold: the local fairs on the first Tuesday in every month. After a good denl of argument, it was decided bv 25 against 6 to hold the fairs on the third Thursday in every month. the new scheme to come tOo operation rext year. Mr J. E. Humphreys J.p., presided over a well-attended meeting.
TOWYN. FUNERAL.—On Saturday, the remains of Mr John Corbett, the great landowner, and the gen- tleman to whom Towyn owes so much, were laid at rest in Stoke Prior. A memorial service was held at the same time in St. Cadvan Church, Towyn, the vicar and the curate officiating. Mr Corbett came to Towyn about 20 years ago, and he saw the possibility of making a first-class watering place of the town. He went to work with a will and constructed an esplanade worth JB4000. WEDDING.—On Tuesday, the marriage of the Rev J. M. Williams, minister of the Con- gregational Church, and Miss M. J. Jones, daughter of the late Mr J. Jones, of Aberoer, Wem., was solemnised at the Queen's-street Church, Wrexham. The bridesmaids were Miss Hopley and Miss Windsor, of Whitchurch, and the best man was the Rev Llewelyn Williams, of Salford. The officiating ministers were the Revs T. E. Thomas, of Coedpoeth, and R. Peris Wil- liams. of Wrexham. MUSICAL AND LITERARY FESTIVAL.— On Wednesday evening, a successful test concert was held at Towyn, under the presidency of Mr C. S. Denniss. A feature of the meeting was the award of a carved oak chiair to the best reciter. I Fychan was itihe adjudicator, and the prize was awarded to Mr IIsaac B. Williams, Nantlle. Mr G. J. Roberts, Rhostryfan, who ran him closely, was highly complimented. On the musical portion of the programme, Mr Wil- frid Jones, Wrexham, was the adjudicator. The challenge cup was taken by Mr Meirion Davies, Dolgelley, for an intelligent rendering of "The Raft." The gold: medials in the duet competi- tions were won by Messrs I. Joijes and F. Lum- I ley, Machynlleth. Miss Sallie Lewis, Blaenau i Festiniog, took the prize for the soprano solo. I At thft suggestion of the Chairman, the audience rose to show their sense of the loss the town land district had sustained in the death of Mr John Corbett.
TRAWFTYNYDD. I COMPETITIVE MEETING.—On Saturday evening, at St. Thomas, a competitive meeting was held, under the auspices of the Eden Calvin- istic Methodist Chapel. The awards were as follow. Solo, G. J. 'Hughes; soprano solo, Miss Williams; stanza, Joseph Richards; letter. Ellen Richards and J. Ll. IRoberts solo, David Jones trio, Mrs (Henry Parry and party quar- tett, Miss C. J. Hughes and party musical com- position, Miss Richards; essay," 1 Miss Lloyd, Blaenyglyn, 2 Mrs JJewis, Traws; poetry, J. I Richards; essay, Morris Williams. Traws; duet. D. Jones and brother; party of eight, D. Morris and friends.
BREACH OF PROMISE CASE. DAMAGES AGAINST A BALA MAN. At Welshpool, on Friday, Unlder-Sheriff Har- rison and a jury sat to assess damages in the action for breach of promise brought by Miss Jane Ellis, aged 25, a farmer's daughter, of Felinfach, Llanrhaiadr-yn-Mochnant, against William Thomas Williams, son of a well-to-do farmer, of Maesgadfa, Bala, who now lives at 11, Winslow-street, Walton, Liverpool. De- fendant proposed and was accepted in January, 1899. Intimacy took place soon afterwards, and on becoming awaire of plaintiff's condition the I. defendant renewed the promise of marriage. In December of the following year, however, he I married at Aintree a Miss M'Bride, who is said to have private means. Defendant admitted having loved the young lady, but pleaded that his reason for throwing her over was flirtation with another young man. The jury assessed the damages at JS100.
DOGS CHURNING. IS IT CRUELTY ? On Monday J. Menzies, Esq., and D. P. Wil liams, Esq., Carnarvon County Magistrates, went to Caegarw, Rhostryfan, to decide for themselves whether it is cruel to compel dogs to churn. It will be remembered that about a fortnight ago the tenant of Caegarw was summoned by the R.S.P.C.A. for cruelly ill-treating and torturing a dog, and the bench, failing to decide owing to the difference of opinion, deputed two of their number to go to see the alleged "instrument of torture, Accompanying the magistrates were Mr Lewis Rees Thomas, the clerk; Mr W. S. Jones, solicitor; Mr. Richard Roberts, defending solicitor; Inspector Kennedy, and Mr. Nathaniel Roberts, who took some excellent photographs of the dog at work. The machine was composed of a wooden disc revolving on a pivot at an angle of 45 degrees, and the dog stepped on this, and pedalling finished churning in about 37 minutes, tra- velling in that time a distance of a mile and a quarter. The magistrates will give their decision on Saturday, and it is expected with some interest I in farming circles, for it is alleged that the custom is pretty general among small farmers in Car- narvonshire and Anglesey.
NATURAL HISTORY NOTES. THE HOOPOE. Colonel (Long, writing from Anglesey to "The Field," mentions the arrival of this beautiful bird on April 22nd.
CARNARVON COUNTY PETTY SESSIONS. SATURDAY.—Before J. Menzies, Esq., D. Issard Davies Esq., R. Roberts, Esq., J Davies, Esq., and Dr H. Jones Roberts. LICENSING.—On the application of Mr H Lloyd Carter, the license of the Padtarn Villa Hotel, Llanberis, was transferred to Miss Jones, and the license of the Prince of Wales Inn, Ebemezer, to Thomas H. Williams, DRUNKENNESS. — Thomas Pritchard, of Llanberis, was. fined 2s 6d and costs for being drunk and disorderly in Llanberis. STRAYING.—For allowing his) animals to stifay. Richard1 Rtob<e<rts, of Bwldhyllyn, wp.s fined 2s 6d and costsi FISHING WITHOUT A LICENSE.—David H. Jones, of Tanyffordd, Llanilyfni, was charged by Herbert. Shead, of Caeathraw. with fishing without a. license.—Defendant admitted that he was guilty, but pleaded that he had taken the loan of his son's fishing-rod. He had paÆdi for a license every year for 24 years; but he went out one day -with his son, and used) This fishing- rod far a few minutes.—Mr J. T. Roberts said that it was a hiabit to niake onq fishing-rod: to serve a whole family, and that; it was high time to put a stop to it.—Defendant was nnedj 2s 6d and costs. i AFFILIATION CASE. — William Robert Lewis, of Penysine, Clwtybont, was summoned by Jane Griffiths, Sine, Clwtybont, to pay to- wards the maintenance of her illegitimate child. —Mr H. Lloyd Carter prosecuted, and Mr J. T. Roberts appeared for the defence.—An order for 2s 6d a week was made.
FESTINIOG BOARD OF GUARDIANS TUESDAY.—Mr Owen Jones in the chair. THANKS.—The Chairman referred to his elec tion in his absence, through illness, at the pre- vious meeting. He warmly thanked them for the honour. He hoped they would do their best to co-operate with him. He had lost some familiar faces from the board room, but he be- lieved that the new members would do their best to carry out the work of the board. He wished to refer to some of the former chairmen of the board, particularly Messrs D. Williams, M.P., S. Holland, M.P., and J. Jones, J.P., who were men of experience, and he trusted that they would all co-operate to keep up the reputation, not only of the chair, but also of the board.— Mr E. Bowen Jones also thanked the board for electing him co-optative guardian.—The Chair- man proposed, and Mr Morgan Jones seconded that a vote of thanks be passed, to the vice- chairman, the clerk, and the officers, the master and mistress of the house, and the reporters.— This was carried, and the Chairman promised a better accommodation for the reporters. CORRESPONDENCE.—A (letter was read stating that the County Council precept was j3741, at 4d per JB, for county purposes, and JB185 for intermediate education, at id per £ The total amounted to J61485 for the year.—In connection with this, Mr D. Tegid Jones called attention to the intention of the County Council to secure the re-assessment of the county. This matter was worthy of attention, and they ought to bring pleasure to bear with the intention of getting more uniformity in the various parishes. —Mr C. Roberts moved, and Mr Richard Ro- ebrts seconded that this be done, and the motion was carried.—A letter was read from Mr Evan Davies, thanking the board for the vote of con- dolence passed with him in his illness, and stating that he was gradually recovering.
= — CARNARVON BOROUGH PETTY SESSIONS. MONDAY. — Before Edward Hughes, Esq., M. T. Mwris, Esq., W. Haimer, Esq., and Hugihi Jones, Esq. ALLEGED DRUNKENNESS.—Francis Tho- mas. Newborough-street, was charged with being drunk in Caliltle-square.. on the 6th April. De- fenkiant said that he was rather wild, as he had been hit by a stranger, but that he was; not drunk. He was ordered to pay the costs.—Wil- liam Owen, Henwalia, was charged with. being drunk. Mr M. E. Nee appeared! on Has behalf, and said tha-t defendiajit intended to sign the pledge. He, too, was ordered to pay the cioisfcs. ,'INDECENT LANGUAGE.—For using tin" decent language in public, Mary Ann Jones, Crown-street, was fined one shilling sund costs, II' and Laura, Roberts, Tan'raillt, 2s 6d and costs. LICENSING.—Mr H. Lloyd Carter, on be- half of Mr Edward! Griffith, of the Eaigle's Hotel, made an application for an occasional li- cense to sell drink in the Pavilion on Whit- Mondaiy.—The application was granted. CRUELTY.—John David Williams, Penfllyn, Cwmivtglo, was charged by Inspector Kennedy, II with cruelty to a horse.—Sergeant Rowlandta said that he saw the defendant coming from the station with a load of iffoods. The horse was very thin, and suffering from a. wound, which was under the collar.—Defendant said that he| had only seven cwts. in the cart.—A fine of 5s and costs WaB imposed. QUARRELLING.—Laura Prichard, Baptist- street, was charged with assaulting Mary Davies, of the same street. Mr H. Lloyd Carter ap- peared for thie prosecution. The defendant hadi also cross-summoned Mary Davies for assaulting her. The two. ap.neared! in court with Mack eyes. Mary Davies said that her dhild andi Laura. Pritchard's child were fighting with each other; and when witness interfered, Laura Pri- chard oauight her by the hair, and gave her a blow in her eye. Some of her neighbours came to the scene, and released her. She did not hit Laura Prichard at all. Evidence was also given by Betfsy Jones and Kate Pri- chard said that it was Mary Davies who as- sauited her child first, and that she went there. —Priohiard was fined 10s and costs; and the case against Davies was dismissed.
DEUDRAETH RURAL COUNCIL TUESDAY.—Mr William Jones in the chair. LETTERS.—A latter was read from Mr E. Davies, Maentwrog, thanking the members for their sympathy with him in his illness.—The Local Government Board wrote stating that the sum of £45 128 Id, the share of the council under the Agricultural Rates Act of 1895, for the six months was paid.—Mr J: S. Hughes, the man- ager of the Festiniog Railway, wrote on behalf of the company, stating that he could not agree with the application, to contribute towards the improvement of a certain road at Penrhyn.— On the motion of Mr G. Parry Jones, supported by Mr Evan Williams, it was decided that a num- her of the members, including the chairman, and members of the Penrhyn Parish Council, should meet. together to consider the Minffordd sewer- age scheme, which had been drawn by Mr R. Prichard, C.E. THE SURVEYOR'S REPORT.—The tenders which Mr W. Thomas hadi received for the re- moval of the nuisance at Penrhyn and Harlech were read.—In answer to Mr D. Tegid Jones as to why tenders had not been invited at Traws- fynydd, the Surveyor said that he intended to .consult the members of the parish council, as it was understood that some persons were willing to do the work free under certain conditions. The only one that sent a tender from Penrhyn asked J345, as compared with JB52 last year.—• This matter was entrusted to ther surveyor in union with the local members, to make the final arrangements.—A long discussion took place with regard to some water which created nuisance in a certain field at Penybwlch, Pen- rhyn.—The Surveyor and Mr G. Parry Jones explained how matters stood.—It was decided that the chairman and the surveyor should visit the place together, and give a report at the next meeting. ROAD AT PENRHYN—Mr G. Parry Jones called attention to the condition of the road at Retbel-terrace, Penrhyn. He was surprised that the council did not take over this road.—Mr D. Tegid Jones: The parish council ought to make the necessary repairs before it is taken over.—Mr G. Parry Jones contended that this was an important roOOI, and he was prepared to give notice that he would bring the matter before the council again.—Mr D. Tegid Jones said that it is was not in order to discuss the ma.tter as it was not before the meeting.—The matter was abandoned and the necessity to have a way to cross the river near Cwmprys or Chipel was considered.—Mr D. Tegid Jones said that it would be advantageous to do the work now, and a letter was read to support his contention.—The surveyor was requested) to make a. plan of wha.t was necessary by the next meeting.
CHEAP PRINTING at the "Herald" OSct.
FOOTBALL, WELSH COAST CUP.—FINAL TIE. 1 BANGOR v. BUCKLEY VICTORIA. This match was played at Llandudno, in fine weather, on Saturday. Bangor, winning the I toss, played against the wind and sun, but soon proved equal to their task, and pressed. Buckley j advanced to midfield and shot, but were driven back by Bob Roberts, and splendid work by Willie Lewis gave the ball to T. Jones, who at once touched to Jimmy Jones, who centred per- fectly, and Arridge, dashing up from half-back, s-hot for goal, J. O. Jones just touching the ball as it passed him, and sending it. in at an unex- pected angle, after five minutes' play from the kick-off. Two. minutes later, J. O. Jones scored at second goal for (Bangor, and ten minutes later Bangor, advancing in beautiful fashion, T. Jones headed into goal, where the custodian handled, 'but failed to stop the ball, and the score stood Bangor, 3 goals Buckley, nil. Three minutes afterwards, Buckley, after gaining a free-kick in the Bangor goalmouth, and a corner, both of which were cleared, were again driven headlong into goal, and T. Jones scored a beauty, but was I off-side. Half-time Bangor, 3 goals Buckley, 1 goal. During the second half, play continued to be of a one-sided character, and the final score was -Bangor. 9 goals; Buckley, 1 goal. Mr J. E. Hughes, captain of the Llandudno Swifts, the holders of the cup for the past year, presented the skipper of the winning team with the trophy, .and he was subsequently carried shoulder high to the Royal Oak Hotel, the head- quarters of the Bangor team.
CONWAY TOWN COUNCIL, I THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE MUSSEL FISHERY. The Mayor (Alderman Hugh Hughes) presided over a meeting of the council, on Wednesday. It was resolved that a special meeting be held to deal with the estimates for the year. Replying to a question by Councillor Oldman, the Mayor stated that the total estimated outlay on the Morfa volunteer rifle range was £1800. ROAD NEAR LLANRHOS. Some discussion, initiated by Councillor Con- way Jones, arose„on the consideration of a com- plaint from Mr E. E. Bone that a portion of the road near ILlanrhoSi was in a. dangerous condition. Dr Morgan (ex-mayor) explained that there had been some misunderstanding as to the parti- cular authority responsible for the portion of road referred to. There had been a joint com- mittee appointed, including representatives of the Conway Town Council, the Llandudno Coun- cil, and the Carnarvonshire County Council, each of which had within its area of jurisdiction a portion of the road referred to. I The Clerk further explained that the Conway Corporation admitted its responsibility to main- tain and repair a portion of the road. But the dangerous portion of the road required to be widened, and the corporation could not be held responsible for the cost of widening. The Mayor said the most dangerous portion of the road: lay undoubtedly within the area of the County Council. It was ultimately resolved that a copy of the letter which had given, rise to the discussion be sent to the clerk to the County Council. PUBLIC FOOTPATHS. Councillor R. Daviesi (Deganwy) called atten- tion to the public rights in foot oaths within the borough. Withiin his personal knowledge, there were paths in the neighbourhood of Deganwy which had been recently closed. Another im- portant footpath which had been neglected was the celebrated one leading through Bodvscralien woods. ° Other members referred to similar cases, and rbe Borough,1 Surveyor said if members would communicate to him the facts, he would see to them. Councillor Oldman said there were some ques- tions connected wit'h this matter which could not be decided by the Iboroughsurveyor, but by the corporation. He referredjto. a. footpath which had been diverted by the owner of the land. The corponation had compelled the owner to remove the obstructions; but these I had' now been replaced. The Mayor said they bad not been replaced with the consent of the corporation. It was then resolved that the borough surveyor should look into the whole matter of footpaths, and make a special report on those mentioned by members at that meeting. SOME ARREARS. The Clerk read the following letter from the local manager for Messrs Ind, Coope, and Co. I "Re Junction (Hotel gas account (£111 6s). Dear sir,—Replying to your favour of the 23rd inst., I ibeg to state this is the first intimation I have had of the outstanding account. I presume this account (refers to the tenancy of Mr James Up- ton. Some time -before Mr Upton left your col- lector spoke to me re rates and taxes. I toldi him distinctly that Mr Upton was leaving on a certain date, and that he had better make ar- rangements to collect She different rates and taxes before that time. I also told 'him if he had any difficulty in getting the account from Mr Upton, to let me know, and I would collect them out of the balance paid to Mr Upton for valuation of furnitmre, &c. I might say Mr Upton had a balance of between B500 and JB400 to draw when he left the hotel, and to my mind it is but sheer neg-lect that the account is not collected. Under the circumstances, I regret we I cannot see our way clear to pay these accounts. I would also like to point out that it is over twelve months since the new tenant took pos- session of the Junction 'Hotel, and I think you will admit it is rather late fin the day to call I upon a company to pay this account." Considerable discussion followed. The Col- lector, on being asked;, stated that he "refuted the letter poant blank." It was after Mr Upton left that he had seen Mr Mayger, who had then told him he would see what he could do for him. Replying to further questions, the Collector saitd he had never had a. word with Mr Mayger about the rates, but only about the gas account. Mr Upton had left the hotel before he had taken the gas index. He had no charge against Mr Upton until he had left. 'He did know that Mr Upton wa.s leaving. He had made application for payment of the amount (£11 6s) to both Mr Mayger and Mr Upton within twelve months of the amount becoming due. It was resolved, on the motion of Mr Conway Jones, seconded by Mr Oldman, that the clerk write to Mr Mayger further in the matter. The charge brought against their collector in the letter was a most. serious one, and as the collector now denied the accuracy of wfhat the letter stated, it was their duty to elicit all the in- formation possible. THE MUSSEL BEDS. Professor White, of the North Wales Univer- sity College., at the invitation of the Mayor, ad- dressed the council on the question of the Con- way mussels fishery beds. He said that those beds were the most important lin Wales. His attention had been drawn to the great waste which now took place in connection with the fishery, a waste 'which it wa.s very desirable should be stopped. !He thought the fishery might be greatly extended. In Scotland, the" mussel beds were carefully surveyed, and suggestions were made for their extension. 'Something oL the kind might be done at Conway. Before the beds could be extended, it would be necessary to survey and chart the existing beds, and to ascertain tihe character of the mussels on them. Much might then be done in improving the quality as well as the quantity of the produce. It was his intention to make this survey, end he hoped the council would make some ciant to meet the expenses. If they did so, the Con- way Council would be the first body in Wales to make a grant for fishery investigation. He thought tihe French method of mussel breeding might be adopted by laying wattle work in + he bed' of the river to gather the spat of mussels. Dr Morgan, ex-mayor, voiced the feeling of the council m expressing their appreciation of the services rendered by Professor White, both locally and 'as the council's representative on the Lancashire and Western Sea; Fisheries B -r.-1. The nafhe-rmen themselves, who had at first been strongly suspicious of Professor White's inter- position, were now ready to admit that he hid rendered them .great services. It was finally resolved that the council make a grant of :C10 towards the expenses, and a.'k the Lancashire^and Western Sea Fisheries Board to render further assistance. A long discussion arose on the report of a. f ub- committee in favour of taking steps to provide a public landing-stage for the town. The matter was ultimately referred to v- com- mittee for further report. I
Thel net value of the estaJte left bv the late Marquis of Bute is stated to be £3.026.376. There is also a isumj of £2,000.000 accruing from) His father's trogtf, which1 makes/ the total 026,376. Estatte duty is payable, on £966,885. and the Chancellor of the Exchequer, will, it is expected), receive £78,558.
BETTWSYCOED URBAN COUNCIL. The annual meeting of the Bettwsvcoed Urban District Council was held on Friday evenin-j, the members present being Mr Robert PalTt (the retiring chairman), Mr R, Parry, chemist (the retiring vice-chairman), Mjajor Ashley, Mr John Hughes, Mr R. Rawlinson, Mr John Hughes, and Mr H. Pierce (clerk). ELECTION OF CHAIRMAN".—Mr R. Raw- linson, in proposing the re-election of Mr R. Parrv as chairman, observed that he was all they could wish for and they could; not get a better man to fulfil the position.—Mr John Hughes seconded. ■—Upon being put to the meeting the motion was unanimously a.greed to.—The Chairman thanked the council He had always done his best to I conduct the business of the meeting without fear or favour. THE VICE-CHAIRMAN.—Mr R. Parry, chemist, was re-elected vice-chairman, on the proposition of Mr John Hughes, seconded by Major Ashlev. COMM|ITTEES. —The chairman,, vice-chair- man, and Mr Pullan were elected to compose the I Hackney carri^gie committee; and Mr John Hughes, Mr Rawlinson, and Mr Henry Roberts, that of the roads and paths committee. LICENSES.—It was decided to hold a special meeting for granting licenses. DANGEROUS.—The roads and path com- mittee was instructed to place a notice board, warning cyclists, at the top of the hill in the vicinity of Pentrefelin. POWER TO ACT.—The Vice-chairman re- Sorted upon the unsatisfactory state of tht'e lynne Bridge and footpath, and suggested that the council or the landowners should put the same in a state of repair.—After some discussion, the matter was referred to the vice-chairman, and Mr R. Rawlinson, with power to act, the board suggesting that they should approach the landowners in the matter.. TH TIPPING OF ASHES.—The Inspector reported that many of the inhabitants in the neighbourhood of Pentrefelin were tipping ashes behind a mill. He asked for the instructions of the council in the matter.—The roads and foot- paths committee was instructed to find a suit- able place for the tipping of ashes. RATES.—It was reported that the collector (Mr R. Thomas) had collected all the rates and had paid the same over to the bank before the end of the financial year.
GWYRFAI DISTRICT COUNCIL. I SATURDAY.—Mr G. B. Closs (Llanberis), was elected chairman, and Mr William Owen (Coedybrain), vice-chairman for the ensuing I year. — The different committees were also elected, and the Rev Lewis Williams CWaen- fawr), was appointed a representative of the council on the Carnarvon Local Governing Body. I A L0A]y.—A letter was read from the Loan Commissioners, stating that the council could not under their Parliamentary Bill borrow £ 238 out of the £ 2500 they asked for, and' on the mo- j tion of Mr Richard Jones, the matter was re- ] ferred to the Llanllyfni committee for considera- tion. MR PETERSON AND THE COUNCIL.—A letter was read from the Board of Trade stating that the application of Mr Peterson for an Order to light the town of Carnarvon, and a portion of the Gwyrfai district with electricity, had been refused. A letter was also read from Mr Peter- son, stating that he was unable, owing to illness, to be present at the meeting that day to explain his scheme in connection with the Cwmdwythwch lake water question, and asking if he should be allowed to be present at the next meeting.—Mr T. J. Lloyd proposed that they should leave the matter where it was if Mr Peterson did not at- tend the next meeting.—The Clerk believed that it would be better for them to send to Mr Peter- son, asking on what terms he would do the work. —It was resolved that Mr Peterson or his re- I presentative should attend the next meeting of the council, and that in the meantime, the mem- bers be supplied with the main outlines of the scheme. CWMYGLO WATER.—Mr J. R. Humphreys, Cwmyglo, wrote, complaining about the water supply at Uwchlaw'rffynnon, and asking if the council could make alterations at that place.— I The Surveyor said that the matter would be duly attended to.—Mr T. J. Lloyd spoke in favour of the appointment of a man to look after the water j I supplies. CONDEMNED HOUSES. — Mr C. Hum- phreys, Blaenau Festiniog, wrote, asking per- mission to appear before the committee, with regard to certain houses at Ty'nlon, Llanilyfni.— Mr J. M- Williams said that the matter had been under consideration several times before, and that the houses had been condemned. It was un- necessary to re-open the question.—It was re- solved to refuse the application and leave the law to take its course. FINANCIAL.—The Clerk submitted! the ac- I counts for the last six months. Amount of pay- ments, £3590; receipts, JB387. The estimates showed that the sum of £3901 would be necessary to meet the expenditure of the ensuing year. SANITARY.—It was reported that four cases of infectious illness had broken out during the last three weeks, namely, one of typhoid and three of diptheria.—It was decided to call the attention of the owner of the house at Glyn Padarn, where the typhoid broke out, to the water supply, and to order him to effect the necessary improvements without delay.—It was announced that the engineer of the Llanberis Waterkorks had started the work of supplying Gelli Hirbant according to the request made at the last meeting.
I WELSH NATIONAL LIBERAL I COUNCIL. THE COAL AND SUGAR TAXES. A meeting of the .general purposes conKoittee of the above 'Council was held at Shrewsbury on 'Saturday, presided over by Mr e. E. Breese, Portmadoc, the vice-ehaiirman. According to the instructions of the Council, a clause was drafted for submission to the next National Con- vention, to enable the London Cymru Fydd Society and kindred Welsh societies in English towns to be affiliated to the Council. The South Monmouthshire Association had sent in a resolution protesting strongly against I. the reactionary Budget proposals of Sir Michael Hicks-Reach, more especially the proposal to impose export duty on coal, which is calculated to seriously injure the staple industry of South Wales, with a request that the general purposes committee of the National Council should imme- diately bring the matter under the consideration of the constituency associations in Wales.—On the motion of Mr H. Thomas (Llansamlet), se- conded by Mr W. H. Hughes (Pontywol), a re- solution to the same effect was adopted by the committee, with an addendum that a copy be sent to the Chancellor of the Exchequer and the ILiberal members of Parliament for Wales and 'Monmouth. On the motion of Mr Algood (Cardiff), second- ed by Miss Gee (Denbigh), it was resolved, "That this committee of the Welsh National Liberal Council strongly protests, in the interests of the poorest, against the imposition of the sugar tax, and remind the electorate of the Principality I that the Conservative 'Chancellor of the Ex- chequer, while placing obnoxious imposts upon great national industries, has failed to abolish chequer, while placing obnoxious imposts upon great national industries, has failed to abolish the doles conferred upon the privileged classes by the Government, by the Agricultural Rates Act, and similar measures, and has made no attempt to readjust the burdens of taxation upon fair basis by taxing land values and other unearned increments. —— Tom John' (Llwynpia) moved1, and Mrs Richardis (Aberdare) seconded, "That the com- mittee feels that the Transvaal War having been undertaken in the supposed interest of the pre- sent generation the Chancellor of the Exchequer should have made provision in his Budget for the larger share .of its burden being borne by a direct appeal to the taxes, and protests against the large sum added to the National Debt by bor- rowing." The motion was carried unanimously. Regular quarterly meetings of the committee were arranged to be held in future. I It was agreed, on theTnotion of Mr E. R. Da- vies (Pwllheli), that the committee communicate with the Financial Reform Society; the United Kingdom Alliance, the Liberation Society, and the Cbbden dub. with the view of co-operation in the holding of mieetmgs and the distribution of literature in certain parts of the Principality. Mr Thomas Hughes (Ebbw Vale) moved and Mr W. T. Lee (Brecon) seconded, that a reprint of the Welsh registration leaflet of last year be prepared, and the motion was carried. Several important notices of motion as to fu- ture work in literature and organisation were. given, amongst them being one byMr 'E. R. Da- viesi to the effect that steps be taken with the view of securing the publication by the Council of a national monthly magazine in Welsh.
The man who is convinced that advertising does not pav usually believes in advertising his own conviction.
POPULATION OF THE FESTIN IOG UNION. The following are the figures for the three districts of the Festiniog Union at the last census, together with the two former enumera- tions Tremadoc district: 1881, 9255; 1891 8433; 1901, 8427. Festiniog: 15.112, 14,389, and 13,827. Deudraeth 5094, 4892, and 558l' Totals: 1881,29,461; 1891, 27,734T 1901 27,835. It will be seen that there is a slight in- crease in the population compared with what it was ten years ago, but a decrease compared with the figures 20 years ago, especially in the Fes- tiniog district. It will also be seen that there has been substantial increase during the last ten years in the Deudraeth district. Y nyscynhaiam parish: 1891, 5073; 1901, 4827. During the last ten years part.,of the Ynvscynhaiarn district was added to that of Treflys. The population was 272. Add that to the 4829, and it will be 5101. The shipping list is also to be taken into- consideration. Eight years ago this was 127 but this, as well as the population of Treflys' might at present, of course, vary.
DISESTABLISHMENT. TRIENNIAL CONFERENCE OF THE LIBERATION SOCIETY. The triennial conference of the Liberation Society opened in London on Tuesday, under the presidency of Mr Carvell Williams. The first resolution, which was adopted, expressed satisfaction that the general election had not diminished the number of the society's sup- porters in the House of Commons, and referred to the marked growth of opinion in the Estab- lished Church in favour of Liberation principles. Dr Guinness Rogers, in moving the resolution, described the general election as the most dis- creditable episode in our political history for many years, and as conducted amid a storm of lies and calumnies. Subsequent speakers included Mr Perks, M.P., Mr Compton Rickett, M.P., and Mr Alder- man White, M.P. The resolutions dealt, among other things, with the education question, and a protest was made against the establishment and endowment by the State of a Roman Catholic University in Ireland. On Wednesday, Mr J. E. Ellis, M.P., presid- ing, a paper was read by Mr D. Brynmor Jones, M. LI., on the demand for self-government in the Established Church, in the cohrsa of which be said that while Nonconformists had no wish to act the policy of the dog in the manger, they were determined that no steps should be taken which would tend to the increase of sacerdotalism. A resolution was adopted declaring the opposi- tion of the Conference to all attempts to diminish the control of Parliament over Church affairs or to alter the Church's character as a national in- stitution so long as the Church had privileges conferred upon it by the State and was possessed of large national endowments. A second resolution protested against the further endowment from national funds of the Established Church by the renewal of the Act whereby the clergy are relieved of half the rates on tithe at the cost of other ratepayers. MORDANT SPEECH BY MR LLOYD- GEORGE. Speaking at the evening meeting at the City Temple, Mr Lloyd-George, M.P., said that although public opinion had advanced, from the legislative point of view we had gone back. The priesthood, who were so very skilful, had deftly manipulated a difficult set of circumstances to their own advantage. The clergy had not been so engrossed with patriotic functions as to forget their duty to themselves — (laughter) — and whilst with one hand they had been blessing all those great patriotic influences and enterprises whilst the eyes of the nation had been reverently closed, the other hand had somehow got into the public till (laughter). The country were paying half the parson's poor rate (" Shame "). They did not sufficiently magnify the privileges they- enjoyed under the present Government (laugh- ter). He ventured to say* that no Government twenty or thirty years ago, not even the Tory Government of Mr Disraeli, would have dared to propose such a scheme as that. The tithe was raised entirely for the benefit of the poor, and it was now enjoyed by the poor by proxy (laughter). They received it vicariously, and he supposed that was why so many of those gentle- men were called vicars (laughter). It had dis- appeared in stages, and now the clergy took the satne view of the tithe as they took of the Com- munion—that no one should partake of it but the priest himself (laughter). He would suggest that the poor clergy should be assisted by the cutting down of some of the large salaries of the bishops. The bishops would then have plenty left. He did not thmk they need put the bishops on half rations (laughter).. They could deduct enough out of their own salaries, and still they would have a balance from their income which would be sufficient to buy up the whole stock in trade-boats, fishing tackle, and every haul of fish they had ever caught-of the poor fishermen of whom these good bishops pretended to be the successors (laughter). As to the question of education, he said the Government were not treating the school boards fairly. While doles were being given to clerical schools, school boards, which had a quarter of a million more children, were receiving less than formerly (" Shame ").
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