OA li iM ATITHEN UNDER TME LIGHT. ()I.IIJI> conic. jind nit down yi shall n<'t bulfto, ^on ahftll not gr» till Tsetyoii np a glaan, Where you winy 8ef! the 'nmrmt nart of yoo.' ———— SnAKn»rK&ar. 1110 Cambrian Archaeological Society will ic be in lii-i district during the week beg,inning Pth Augu-jt, and their headquarters will be tl.( Assembly Roonii. There is no truth in the* repoit that Llanelly is organising a mess meeting to prete&t against this furthei in- justice. ••• The inaugural address to the Society will i).- delivered by Sir John Wil-ilains, Bt., who ic known to be as well acquainted at firot hand with eld Welsh mtanuscripts. ES any inhn living. Sir John, moreover, has a way of his. own elf saying what he lias to say, 'and his address will, therefore, be worth hearing. • •• I1, seem-, an cxtraordinaiy thing that Gar- r'arthen swimmets should be going to St. Clears and winning prizes, and yet that there is no effort to organise cither a regatta or t-v i'niiiniir here. There is often a difficulty in floating enterprises in a small community; but surely there is enough water in the Towy to float a regatta. • •• There Is a demand now for salmon rod at a reduced nate. Acccrding to the reports which are going about, even 10s (id would be too much. This is a -top anyhow "Loh ou;ht to be fiercely resisted. One by oiif the privileges, of the wealthy are being withdrawn; and the suggestion that angling i v snlmon should bo allowed at a price which will bring it within the reeich cf all classes is linely to provoke fierce opposition. • M have just discovered a fact which may have some bearing on the fisheries. Tinned beef is served out a tregular intervals to men ir. th3 Ncvv. Since certain revelations have been made, the canned meat ration hao, in ceitain ship<, at any rate, been quietly dropped overboard. When 600 tons of meat are dropped overboard, it is no joke especially as Britannia rules the waves, and the navy sweeps all our coasts. Perhaps the fishes have had too mnch canned meat, and it does not agree with their constitutions. ••• There were rather affecting scenes outside the Armoury on Saturday night as the Volun- tNom were getting ready to go to Salisbury Plain. These who were, not going were look. ing rather envkyusJy at those who were. «*• Seveail people journeyed from Carmarthen t? be present at the annual service at the Piigrims Church en Sunday. Pilgrims were great people at one time. They are not held in much respect now, and are generally called tramps. ••• There is little doubt that the great cause of vagrancy is the natural desire for a change Of scenery. Chaiucer six hundred years ago in Jescribing the coming of the early summer, said "Then aongen folk to go on pilgrimages." (I do not guarantee the spelling, for Chaucer had his own ideas on that subject). I dare- say many of us experience the sensation at times; but it is only the much-abused tramps who are able to go wherever their fancy leads them. Ht The world was always troubled with people who indulged their taste for travel not wisely but too well. There was a time when those who went on the road were able to do so with a halo of sanctity under their ca,P'>. The Pilgrims who are commemorated at hcmgel '3,re said to have buried one another, ,a,nd the last one to have buried himself. No doubt the local Gua/rdians would be glad if our modern pilgrims showed such a happy sense of their duty to their neighbours. It ought to be observed that there were no penny novelettes in these days, and no shilling shookers to be had cn the bookstalls. Humanity mill never do without fiction; and the talent which would in cur days have turned out successful novels vented itself once in the invention cf pious legends. So elfter all, it may not be true that any com- pany of tramps ever exhibited such zeal for the public good. The public minds seems to have awakened all at once to an impatience with trampe. There may have been a few grumbles during the Dark Ages, but no practical steps were taken to suppress, vagrancy. In the time of Henry VIII.—who was no theorist but a man of .men-aires were taken to put an end to the vagrants who were a standing danger to the country. It is recorded by Harrison that in his rei/gn "three score and twelve thousand (72,000) great thieves, petty thieves and rogues were hanged." In the reign of Queen Elizabeth isevei-al Acts were P"s;sed against "rogues, vagabonds, and sturdy beggars," by which it was enacted that they should be whipped for the first offence, be t-eated as felons for the second offence, and .or the third offence suffer death "without benefit of cflergy." The mo.st drastic modern legislation falls far short of this. In those days they had the couraige of their convictions. They did not say that the tramps ought to he suppressed they set systematically to work and sup- pressed them. If lift had not been for the fact that tender hearted magistrates have neglected to cany out the law, vagrancy would ha.ve IKeii abolished by this time—or rather the vagrant'; would have 'been abolished. In all poor law administration we are not able to stick to one policy long enough. The heal/thy methods of Henry and Elizabeth were a. natural reaction aigainst the license of previous centuries. Again another spirit set in, and at the beginning of the nidfeteenth centuiy we find that the poor rate was a fund from which all the lazy, useless, and immoral people of the parish obtained support at the expense of the honest and industrious. Then oame the ireiign of Bumble and water gnu el. The public conscience could not long stand that, and we have had new dietary tables and other improvements until the idea has gained ground that the paupers are to be provided with better boaird than the majority of the people who pay the nates. The tramp, however, has been treated with a consistent harjhne.ss. Even when the poor of the pip-Ji have been entertained sumptu- outidy rt the free hotel, the wanderer has re- ceived nothing better than a hunk of bread to eat and hoalf a ton of stones to break with the prospect of a fortnight n gaol at the slightest provocation. And still vagrancy has steadily incivased during the last ten yeara—t>eoauso private charilty has softened the lot of the majority of them. There seems nothing for it excapt to return to the thorough igoing methods of former days. Art other remedies putt fonvard seem utterly in- adequate to cope with the problem. We are now fronted with a pi-oposal that the salmon fisheries should be subsidised ont of the rates. It is but fair to say that the O&iTuarthen Bay Fishery Beard in so far as they have considered the proposal at all, seem to be averse to-it. If we vote money out of the rater* to improve the fishing, why j not to improve the shooting? «•« The two cases are not so very much differ- ent. It may be said that there is a good deal of the fishing open to the public. So there ilS, and there is a good deal more of it private. The ratepayers anay provide money to im- prove the salmon fishing; but as soon as the salmon get out of the tidal waters they become private property as a rule; and any- body found attempting to catch salmon, even if he has a License, may be prosecuted far poaching. It -s against all common sense t use the publie,money to improve private pro- perty. It is airgued, of course, that salmon fishing is not altogether a sport, and that it deserves to rank as an industry. Its claim to rank in the latter capacity as very doubtful? Has anybody ever seen a man even in Carmarthen who made his living by catching salmon. Even if they did nothing else for the whole of the season that only accounts for five months of the year. They have got to get their living somehow auring the other seven months—to say nothing of those year's when the season i. a very bad one. • ft* Many ot the so-called "fishermen" follow other occupations even in the height of the as- ii. It is only a secondary occupation—a spare time job like the militia. and hay- mak ng. This is hardly the kind of industry which descMwes to be maintained out of the iritis. There is no reason why the public sliould be taxed for the purpose df providing a few men with a form of casual employment which has ru the objections usually attached to such occ:fpations. If the salmon fisheries cannot support them, they had better languish. The .ratepayers have enough to bear at present; and according to the story of the fishermen themselves, the complete failure of the fishing would be no very great loos. ••• There has been such excellent work done in hunting the badgers in this. neighbourhood that there seems to be a fear that they Wtil be exterminated. It is a pity somebody does not do as much for the otters. They Dire plentiful enoug-i yet; and they are not regu- larly hunted in this district—the occasional visits of the Pembrokeshire Hounds being scarcely worth considering. A steady and per sistent hunt of the otters might incidentally do a good deal to improve the fishing. On Saturday a solicitor suggested that the press should make a note of a remark made by a magistrate. The justice in question said that he diid not at all object. Still it is not usual for the Chairman of the Bench to be tofld that anything he says may be taken down in writing and may be used against him. I The poor children of Carmarthen certainly do net want a Fresh Air Fund. Several of them have already been to the seaside with have a dozen school treats. Whether they belong to aid these different Sunday Schools I don't knew; but they certainly have been able in certain cases to accompany them all in their annual trips. • •4 The Wild Birds Protection Act is published on a very lavish scale about the county at the present time. The schedule attached to it as very extensive but it does not include h-e ladybird after iail-which is a very common bird at the present season. ••• There is still some beer fetched on a Sunday in Carmarthen. The Saibbath quiet of a lead- ing thoroughfare was broken the other Sun- day by the crash of a bottle which was dropped by a (messenger. Fortunately, the bottle did not break. Carmarthen Junction is not quite abolished A local man who attended St. Clears sports on Friday made a wager as the crowd were on their way to catch the mail that he would be in Carmarthen before the mail. The wager was. accepted, and he proceeded in the train to Carmarthen Junction, got out, and wheeled his hand-cart up the road, getting into town well befoie the "branch" train arrived. This iq rather a reflection on the railway arrangements. 000 It is reatlly dangerous for soiber people to be out early on Sunday morning. Before eight o'clock in the morning on' the Lord's Day, it is now fairly common to meet men in a disgusting state of drunkenness. They must certainly have got up early enough to begin drinking, seeing that they are in the throes of the sickness by halt-past seven, so that sober people have to abandon the foot- path hurriedly to them. Whatever the potlice may be able to do, there is very good ,reason often for the scavengers to go round the town on Sunday morning. Carmarthen people who go for a drive into the country for a considerable distance on Sunday find occasionally that there are publicans so scrupulous that they will not supply any refreshments on that day even thought they have a seven day's license. We hear a good deal about licensed victuallers who are too lax in their observance of the Licensing Laws; but these fall into the other error. ••• The strictness is said to be due to religious scruples. Such scruples are highly creditable to tliair possessors; but to be consistent, such Sabbatarians ought to give up keeping public housess. An innkeeper who accepts a seven day s dice.ns2 is under a contract to supply refreshments on Sunday according to Law. The Rev J. D. Jones, of Abercanaid, will preach at the anniversary services at Elim Church on Sunday next. Mr Jones was. for several years the Im-st>r of Elim, and no doubt his former friends will be glad of an opportunity of hearing him again. lumu.
'I Welsh Church romroission. "LAST NEARLY A YEAR." It is expected, says tale London correspon- ivf fhe "'Manchester Guardian," that the W elsh Church Commission will tasit nearly a year. At the same time it need not be sup- poised that Lord Justice Vaughan Williams's judicial work wi-l'l be seriously interfered with Such meetin of the ion as may take Elace when the Courts are sitting will prolba- ly be arranged, ias a rule, for Saturday, when the Coonrt of Appeal does not sit, or late in the afternoon of other days. The Coan- mission will visit eveiy important place in Wales.
Birthday Peers. The "Lmdon contains the official KvS^dal. *hC hi8 r taJies. the title of Baron Coii rtney ot Peimth, m the county of Corn- wall. Mr Shaw J.Rfevrel that. of Bjunon Evensley of Old Ford in the County of London. Mr Piu-iie that of Baron Piiriie, of the City of Belfast. Sir John Jones Jenkins, that of Baron Glantawe of Swansea, in the county of Gla- morgan. Mr George Armitstead that of Baron Arm-tstead of CastlehiW, in the ccunty of Dundee. Mr Well,t,wonth Beaumont that elf Barton Allendale trf Allendale and Hexham, in the county of N crlhumberLapd.
The Old Old Chnrcli. Disestablifihment seems to be in the air 1) the pro-sen!: time; and it is not at .all surpris- ing t/hat zealous defenders of the Establish- ment should seize every opportunity of im- pressing upon the public the contention that the body to which they belong is "the Church"—all others being fraudulent imi- tations. There was nothing unexpected, therefore, in Canon Cairiber Williams's refer- ences to the, antiquity of the Church at the annual services at the rains of the "Pilgrims Church" on Sunday, and neither was there anything very original in the arguments by whicu he backed them up. The Canon did not suspect it, but his sermon was a striking defence ctf Undenominationalism—that bug- bear of the ecclesiastical party. It is per- fectly true that the faith of the Established Church to-day is substallitiailly the same as that preached in the wattle churches of Wales in the sixth and seventh centuries. There is usually a tendency to make the most of differ- ences; but when we do our best to minimise them, we find that the central facts. of Christian faith are common to mOot of the Christian chuitehes. It is 'perfectly true that the same pnayers are used in the churches to- day as in the fifth century. Many of the collects in the Prayer Bock ore of immemorial antiquity; but the Lord's Prayer is older j still, and is the bond of union between the Apostolic age and all the chuitdies free and bound of the present dy. Jt is contended tha.t the "three colds" -of the modern prayer book W3TG held in the ancient Welsh Chinch, y thev were but they were not held by the Apostle- Whatever may bo said of the Apostles' Creed it is pcaifectly dear that the Alc-stlc, knew nothing of it. In its pre- sent tciirn (Including the reference to the "descent into hell") it cannot be traced fur- ther buck than the year 390 according to Church historians. The (so called) "Nicene" creed in its present form is a product of the seventh or eighth century. The (so called) creed of St. A than as: us cannot be found it its present form before the ninth century. There is nothing more palpable to all students of history than that these creeds have been added to, bit by bit, aince they were evolved from the very simple prtotfession of faith in the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost. To go back to the Apostles would be a, little better even than going back to the fifth century. And the creed which satisfied the Apostles ought to be good enough for their successors. It may be contended that these creeds repre- sent Scripture teaching. That is begging the whole question. They represent Scripture teaching as defined by Chuirch Councils, and those who appeal to antiquity might do well to appe-al to the greater antiquity of the Holy Scriptures. The creeds simply represent the views of those who got the upper- hand in the ancient Churches of Greece and Rome. They were adopted to settle controversies of the day, and those who did not accept them found things pretty lliot. In some cases creeds have been imposed on .so-called "heretics" by the arm of the temporal power. The police, as miuch as the priesthood, had to do with the general acceptance of these standards. Neither the creeds, nor the prayere—saving the Lords Prayer—form any link with the Apostles, whatever Link they may form with the coclesiasticism of the fifth and sixth cen- turies. The institution of the threefold ministry of bishops, priests, and deacons is a much more questionable mark of antiquity. Seeing that there is not a mention of a Christian priest in the New Testament, the threefold ministry seems to have its roots elsewhere. "Bishop" is nothing more or JesSi than the Saxon cor- ruption off the Greek word "episkopos," wihich means an "overseer." The meaning of the word has varied w.iltih the ignorance and knowledge of the laity. It is a very useful word; but it has now become the badge of a certain school of theologians. Same of the Elizabethan controversialists defended epis- copacy, not as a Divine institution, but as the most convenient form of Church Govern- me,nt-an idea shared by the Methodist Epis- copalians of the united States. The picture of the members of the early church being one undivided family is veay affecting; but it is not historically accurate. There is not a century in which there have not been contests oveir "heresies." St. David distinguished himself by his battle with the Pelagians. And each century tells a similar tale. Augustine and the British monks fought over the question of the proper way of observing Eaister. Uniformity was at length attained by Councils, and the people had to submit to the laws decreed for them. Pro- bably they were too ignorant to think for themselves. Heresy is usually a sign of activity, and a general unruffled orthodoxy a sure symptom of intellectual stagnation. When the worthy Canon speaks of the "Church Off the land" as being the true "centre of unity," one might suspect him of a sly humour did we not know his zeal and sincerity. The Established Church of this land is a more collection Off jarring sects held together by the leash of State control. It is the most disunited body in Christendom. But in any evemt, the Church to-day is mere- ly the seClt which ha.5 managed to get the upper hand. In its present form it came into existence in the days off Queen Elizabeth. It is many centuries since wo really had a national e-hii-i-ch-if it ever existed. What- ever division may have existed under the surface before, these great parties sprung to the fore in Queen Elizabeth's time, and are with us yet—the Puritan, the Anglican Epis- copalian, and the Roman Catholic. Some of the irigid Protestants who belonged to "the church" dn Edward VI's days ceased to be "Churchmen" ii-heii Elizabeth tried to settle the question. The Anglican Episcopalians of the middle school got their way. The Roman Catholics who stall believed in the doctrines universally taught in the middle Ages became Dissentei-s legally, because they dissented from the National Dissent from Rome. If tlwre were an undivided church all these three pair ties sprung out of it; ignd the "Church" is a mere question of geo- graphy. The thorough going reformeis be- came the National Church in Scotland, and the believers in the, old fonns became the Church in France. There -is no virtue at all in to the "Church of the land" therefore, that which is true in England must be true in Scotland and France, and that wihieh li if11100 in England is false the world over. The test of religion i moral and theo- logicail truth not patriotism. To belong to the Nationial chureh merely means to shout with the crowd. It will be possible to find (something on which the National Church in Engand ajwiays agreed; but such residuum will be found to be the phi in fundamental ti-tiths accepted a(like by Calvinist and Wes- levan, Papist and Anglican. There is no such body as the "Church of Wales" mentioned in the fonmmilairies. It is the Church of England wfaiich is referred to in thie pi-eface to the Prayer Book. And of the Church of England, Professor Freeman says in the Encyclopedia. Britannica, Edition ix., vol. viii., p 278, "One point which cannot be to sti-onigly insisted Oil at this stage is that the Church of England which was founded by Augustine has nothing whatever to do with the early British Chumoh. In after time certain Britisih dioceses submitted to English ecclesiastical rule, and :Úat is all. The Christianity did not come from any single source and one of the sources from which it came was found within the British islands. But that source was not a British source. The Raman planted, the Scot watered, but the Briton did nothing. He not only did noth- ing; he refused to do anything. He would have nothing to say to Augustine's invita- tion to join in preaching the gospel to the heathen English. Theologians may dispute over the inferences which may be drawn from the fact; but the historical fact cannot be altered to please any man. The Church of England is. the daughter of the Church of Rome. She is so pemhaps more directly than any other Church in Europe. England was the special conquest of the Roman Church, the first land which looked up with reverence to the Roman pontiff, while it owned not even a nominal allegiance to the Roman Caesar." The old Church of Wales was many cen- turies before the Reformation incorporated into the English Church. Its doctrine, ritual, and discipline became assimilated to that of the English Establishment. St. Davids was a see of the province of Canterbury, as much as Winchester or Lincoln. The bishoprics were filled with aliens and whatever succes- sion it has is derived through Normans and ether foreigners. It is, of course, allowable for a modern Anglioan to speak of Puritan oppression and of the sufferings of the "Church" in the days of the Common wealth. But if he were con- sistent he would say that the religion estalb- lished by the Commonwealth was the same Church all along. It is not at all unprece- dented for changes in the national religion to mean the ejection of the clergy who won't accept it. William the Norman turned out Saxon ecclesiastics. Those who did not ac- cept the ,religious chamgeis introduced by Henry VIII. and Edward VI. had to resign their offices. Mary did net allow benefices to be held by thotse who did not conform. When Elizabeth came to the throne the whole Bench of Bishops with the exception of Kitchin of Llandaff, was deprived of office and their places filled by members off the Reformed faith. When the Puri- tans were goaded to rebellion by the tyranny of Laud and harlIeSi-who tried to force even the French Protestant refugees to accept the English iiturgy!—is it to be wondered ait if they set up a form of Church G-overnnient cA their own. Many excellent men filled the pulpits under the Common- wealth, and if there were a few knaves in them, it was no new experience for the pul- pits. Many of the former clergy held office under the, PuiltauSl. t. lIen the "Church" (maud's sect that is) returned to pow&, it required the ministers to accept the liturgy or "clear out"-aild they cleared out in many oases. Did these clergymen belong to the "Church"? Because another party got the upper hand and drove them out to the fields to preach, were they less members of Christ's Church on that account? And the result of the restomtion of the Church is well known. When Charles II. and the Church came back, there was a reaction into a sewer of immor- ality which has made the epoch a bye-word in English history. An attempt was made to force Episcopacy on Scotland by means of fire and sword but P resby teri an ism rose triumphant and the Covenant conquered the Prayer Book. As a resiult when Scotch people speak of the "Church" (Kirk) they mean the Presbyterian Church. At General Elections the party which gets the upper hand becomes the Government, and the rest become the "Opposition." In I c co religious struggles the successful sect becomes "the Church." The ultimate argument in favour of the Church is possession—which is nine points of the law. Hence Disestablish- menlt-and not Ritualism or the alteration of the Oreed-is the vital question with the "Church."
Wedding nt i lanegwnd. ROACH-TAYLOR. A very pretty wedding was solemnitsed on the 21st inst., at Holy Trinity Church, i-. nnegwttd, the contracting parties being Mr R. E. Roach, of Dunvant and Miss Flora Taylor, daughter of Mr and Mrs Taylor, Rose Cottage. Alltyferin. The peremojiy was per- formed by the Rpv J. Jones, curate of Llan- egwad. The service et the chinch was fully chorall. As the bride entered the Church leaning on the arm of her father, Hymn 280 was sung by the Choir. The bridesmaids were Miss Edith TayJor (sister) and Miss Audry David (niece), whilst Mr Jones, Fins- buiy terrace, Swansea, acted. as groomsman- After the Sligning of the register in the vestry and as the bridal pacrty passed down the Church, Miss Bath pLayed the "Wedding March" on the organ. A grand reception awaited the party as they emerged from the Church, and also at various places on the way back to Alltyferin. A reception AVQS after- wards held at Rose Cottage, when over 30 partook of the hospitality of the bride's parents, the Rev J. Jones, and friends from Dunvant being amongst the company. The happy couple left by the 3.30 p.m. train to I spend then- honeymoon at Barmouth. The parents of the ihiide wish through the press to thank all lcind friends from Mr and Mrs Bath (for placing their carriage at the disposal of bride for the day) to the humblest cottager for the numerous gifts bestoAved on their daughter. The presents were not onJy numerous, and costly, but of a most useful variety, and included the fcdloli-ing:- Bridegroom to bride, Gold watch and chain Bridegroom to bridesmaids, Gold brooch, set with diamonds. Bride to bridegroom, Gold seal. Parents of bride, Cheque. Mrs Boolker (SIon), Tea service. Mrs C. Bruce, Linen cloth. Mrs G. Bruoe, Silver butter dish and knife. Mrs Bath, Tea service. Maids at Slon, Copper Kettle. Rev and Mrs Thomas, Silver jam dish. Mr and Mi's R. C. David, Cheque. Miss Tayor, Dinner service. Miss H. Taylor, Present. Miss E. Taylor, Rug. Miss K. Taylor, Toilet set of d'oyleys. Miss Evans, Silver jam dish. Miss Winter ,Silver pickle forfe. EVJans (Carma,rthen), Tea service. JIrí31 fhomas and Miss Williams, Silver salt spoons. Mr and Mi-, Lloyd Davies, Silver spoons and tongs. Miss Barrett, Silver butter knife. Miss Morgans, Toilet covers. Miss An/thony, Afternoon tea cloth. A Friend, Table centre. Mrs Wiiuaans (Llanelv), Kettte. A Friend, Tumblers. Mrs Jones, Jugs. tr and ).1rs Richards, Lamp. Miss Jones (Rose Hill), Salt cellar. -r and Mre Hagley, Eggstand. Nurse Hemmen, Bread board and knife. Mr and Mi's Dugmore, Tea cosy. Jiiss Maranday, alt cellar. Mr lvultochar, Iron boiler. Mr and (Mrs Jones, Saucepan. Mrs Thomas, Bread knife. A Friend, Jam spoons. Mrs Richards, Cheque. A Friend, Afternoon tea cloth. Mr and Thomas, Hot water jug. Miss Jones, Stool. 11.9 Lloyd, Saucepan. A Friend, Present. Mrs Jones, Set of jugs. Mrs Roberts, siignt- basin and jug. Mrs Bowen, Cheeeedish. Miss Jane Jones, Old Jug.s. Miss Thomas (Carmarthen), China salau bowl. Mr and Mrs Davies (Rocik House), Lamp. (, Miss and Master Cecil David, Preserve disfies.
NANTGAREDIG. I 11u Harry Jones, of Plapa,n" Nantgaredig has passed his senior examination as clerk at Paddington, on the Grvat Western Railway, lat week.
Mrllngoed Thomas's Fetter. To the Editor Carmarthen Weekly Reporter, Sir,—I write to point out that even if I accepted Mr Ungoed Thomas' explanation contained in his letter of la.st week with re- gard to he first portion of the interview be- tween him and my Clerk, there would still remain ample justification for my contention that he "proceeded to elicit from 'my repre- sentative' (that is Mr Jones my Registry Clerk) my views on the matter" and I claim that I have completely rebutted the charges of misrepresentation which he has brought against me. As this is the last letter which I shall write on this matter I wish to add a few words in conclusion. Mr Thomas has 1 of erred to a school boy in his letter published in your issue of the 6th instant. It SOOln to me that in a sense we aire all school boy-, in the school of the world under a, great school master who in his in- finiite wisdom allows his scholars a certain freedom in Avork and play, and forms and strengthens their character by permitting them sometimes to have a tussle with each other, just as he has formed the earth itself by the battle of the elements, and has raised plant and animal life to its higher stages by wonderful lows, foremost among which is the one which scientists know .as "the struggle for existence." I as one of these school boys who has had of late a little fight with a fellw scholar would like to suggest to that there should be no question of apology between usi on one .side cr the other, but that he innd I should be content to let bygones be bygones, nnd should feel no re-e^timent against each other or let anything that. he or I may have written in our controversy prevent cur fighting toge- ther en the same platform sho-nhl occasion arise, against, the common enemies of himself and myself and all the other scholars of the school. Yours, etc., T. WT. BARKER. Diocesan Registry, Carmarthen, 23rd July, 1906.
of CAXON CAMBER WILLIAMS AGAIN REFERS TO IT. Preaching at St. Peter's Church, Carmar- then, from tll(' text, "Qnit ye like men." the Rev Canon Camber Williams, M.A., said lie Aviished to refer in passrng to a subject which Avas occupying their thoughts in Carmarthen. Most deeply did lie, wish there were no ca:n.(! fcr doing so, but, unfortunately, the need existed. The deeper the sore the greater he danger in neglecting or oove,ring it, and the louder the oaU to examine and, if they could to cleanse and to dress it. It was far too serious .1 matter about which to handy words. What was wanted was the awakening of the conscience cf Christians in the town. That Carmarthen was better or Avoi-se than other toAvn-s he had no means cf judging. He was speaking now, however, not of the few that soiled' by this sin, but of the thousands of young people in the town whom he AVOUM fain see preserved from all stain, and to do this Ave must first reaise Avlnat manliness and womanliness consists in and then quit our- selves like men and women, and consequently we must go forth as missioners of manlinesis to hold before them the true ideal of what make real men and real Avcmen. It AA«S not ^intended young men should quit themselves like old men, no, young girls like aged Avomen. God AAiho made the birds to .sing and the flowers to beautilfy the land intended women, God AAiho made the birds to .sing and the flowers to beautilfy the land intended young people to share to the full the. joyful- ness of youth. The children and young people in their homes and in the streets were* the floAvers that brightened and beautified human hie. It must always, bo remembered that lore, oourtship, and marriage AAOVO institu- tions of God—institutions df God for which those who shared them should render Him thanks—institutions which had no touch of shame attached to thom, but which should be preserved holy and beautiful as God had in- tended them to be.
tllneJJy and i s Ambitions. EXTRAORDINARY OlRCUJJAR BY MR W. DAVID. THE CAT OUT OF THE BAG. Last week a circular Avas issued by the Town Clerk of Carmarthen regarding the pro- posed removal of the County Offieof to Llan- elly, and thib hes been followed by a circular signed by Mr W. David, Penybryn, Llanelly. This, among other things, states:—"The result of the present arrangement for hold- ing all committees at Carmarthen i.s that the government of the county has dllifted into the hands of -the few who live v. ithin ektsy each of the place cf meeting, Avhotse policy it has been to suppress the fun rand free expres- sion of and to treat every speaker who dares to disagree with them with rude- ness and disrespect. It is notorious also that the vast educational machinery of the county --elementary, intermediate, and technical— has got under the rahsdn te control of two or three western members. These and other considerations led those present at a meeting of members for tilie eastern diA^islon, held at Llandilo on the 3rd inst., to tire conviction that it is neoessai y, in the interests of good y, O-C government, to change the venue from Car- marthen to some centre more convenient to the majority of the eastern members, if the east is to secure that shore in the administra- tion of the affairs of the county which JICS larger population and rateable value, the greater importance of its interests, and the greater urgency of iti needs imperatively de- nwncl. Having unanimously decided that that was the best centre—AAlithoutt being in the least influenced by the Llanelly members -th-- s,e present with scarcely an exception, pledged themselves individually to support a notice of motion to this effect, and in pursu- ance of instructions then given, I beg to re- mind (those present of theiir pledge, and to re- quest the few who were absent to -stand by their colleagues in this ilm|>ortant crisis. "liot it be understood that this. is not a fight between the two towns, but an attempt to secure fcr evejy alderman and councillor that part in the proceedings of the Council which justice to his constituents in particular and the county lilt general requires him to take. I would also remind you that until a very few years ago the Council offices were ot Llandovery, so that the change would in- flict no hardship on Carmarthen. Indeed the removal of the officer, to Carmarthen has been the cause of much inconvenience and disloca- tion. The present system of having offices in differentparrts of the town is most unsatis- factory, while the conditions under which our s.taff-from the County Clerk (lo -s have to perform their Avork are such that no decent employer would tolerate. At the wa.me time, to spend: large sums of money on an old building like Bank .use would be the height of absurdity, even if by so doing the,re were a chance of meeting Oil I- requirements, which there i not. Again, Carmarthen as a county borough is an autonomous area for elementary education, police, and other pur- poses so that under the present system we hold meetings and have our omces on alien soil (so far as county purposes are concerned), Ailliere we exercise no jurisdiction, and where we cannot even have the protection of our •OTA n police. 'Such is the want of confidence that the TOAA II Council of Canmarthen has in the county authority that quite recently it declined to diiscuss a scheme for the amalga- mation of the borough police with the county force. "If it is untfiair, as stated in the Carmar- then circular, to have a. preponderance of urban over rural in the proceeding- of the Council, then I venture to sav the opposite condition of things—that Avhich exists to-day —is equally unfair. What ii-e waiiit is 13. centre so situated that i.n every meeting, hQwever small the attendance, we «hall be certain of having both elements fairly repre- sented. A glance at the map of the county shoAA-ing the electoral div.iis.ions proves hoAA- admirably Llanelly fulfils this condition. By miaking the change more and better work wiJI be accomplished by the staff; we shall also secure an equable representation of '),I the interests, of the county, escape from the dominance of an unruly and tyrannical clique and the full enjoyment of that liberty of speech and action which, as Welshmen, we prize so much, and which for generatioirs we have striven bo hard to obtain."
fo £ °« J,HE BLOOD ia THK LIFK. -Clarke's world tamed .Blood Mixture is warranted to cleanses the pioocl i?oin all iuipur'ties, from whatever cause arising i?r scrofula, scurvy, eczema, skin and blood diseases* Pimples. and sores of all kinds, its effects are mar- vellous Thousands of testimonials. In bottles, 2* 9J and lis each, of all chemists. Proprietors, Lincoln 4nd Midland Counties Drug Oompany Lincoln. Ask for Clarke's: Blood Mixture and do nob be persuaded to bake any imitation.
Archaeological^ Association's Visit to West- Waks. The arrangements are noAv practically com- plete dfer the annual visit of the Cambrian Archseological Association to West Wales next month. Tha members will arrive at Gar-mart hen on Monday, August 13th, and in the evening a conversazione will be held in the Assembly Rooms, at which the Mayor and Mayoress or Carmarthen (Ir and Mrs H. E. Blagdon-Richards) will receive and extend to them a hearty Avelcame to the ancient borough. Subsequently the president-elect, Sor John W illiams, Bart., M.D., will deliver his presidential address, the evening's pro- oeecli-ngs. concluding with a meeting of the committee of the association. On the folloAv- inrr day the members will assemble in Guild- hall square and proceed to inspect the Roman altar, etc., at Ystnad House, Green Castle (or Oastell Mcel) a ruined house of the 15th cen- tury, and at one time the seat of a family called Ryd or Reed, and Llanstephan Church and Castle. At the invitation of the presi- dent luncheon will he partaken of at Llan- sitsiphan, after which the pilgrimage will be continued as. far as LiLandido Abeix-oivin, where, time permitting, the church and Pilgrim's Lodge will be view and the ruins of Pilgrim Church. After tea, given at the in- vitation of the vicar, the Rev W. Davies, Llianfihangel-AberooiAvin will be Agisted, and the Xonrjan font in the new church will be inspected. At the evening meeting to be held in the Assembly Rooms, C.-mnarthen, a wil be read by Professor J. E. Lloyd, on "Carmarthen in Nomnan times." On Wednesday the place-So of visit Avill include L anddowfor Church and pilgrim stones, CAvrnboAvyn. ii-liere traces of a Roman settle- ment are now being excavated, E<dwvs Cvmmen ,Piarc y Ce-yg Sanctaidd, Llan- d'lwke, Laugharne Castle and Church (with crcm). The position of Ccivgan bore wiJI a;so !be pointed out here, together with so-.ir. piehstoiic kitchen nud'lens. on Lau^h- £ ,na ,,nrr^ seevered by Messrs Cantrelf & ,ioma> f-fiy' research Avill conclude AA ,th a \«sit to St. Olrars, Avhore the church, p-ory. and Banc y B2Üi the place inte- --s- I resting. on the Thursday, the excursion-'sts will meet at Peters Church, wheie there are several thing, to claim their interest, in'. eluding the tomb of S:r Rhys ap Thomas, Uiu-ial R. Yeti's grave, a-terwardv visiting the castle town Aval s;, and oth?r .antiquities ill this rnter-trng cl-1 town. The afternoon i' 'P Tl1,1 "id-icle visiits to Kidwelly (castle churtfh -and town), Lknsaint Church and St! Ts.iinaels Church, driving home via Llendo. te- og. In the evening the annual meeting of members of the association will be helcf On the following day (Friday) vi.. s win be paid to Whit land, AvTrere the a.bbev. ancient earthwork, and the remains of an iron works d'° Olfe5Y iCaS ^Ava rmar wyd d, Llan- d'vlio Church, and Egremont. There i« £ v tn rReVIf [7 mUt% on thi* including CLMAD.L MBAAI AND Trawsmawr, re- Th-f' y A'3™ F'nv:" or Merthyr. Mb weeks assembly win conclude AAiith a m(,et*iig in the 0Tr^T-at ",lioh n paper on "Early Settlen; of Carmar-thenshire" will be read by Professor Amvyl. The 11on. local secretaries are the Rev M. H. Jones, 22 Picton terrace, and Mr Walter Spurrell' K'ng street, Carmarthen, Avho Avill be glad to 1a^1^anco tf> visitors in the way ot securing lodgings, etc.
Healthy and Strong. When you feel "run down." and can't face your work properly, you have only to take a coiuse of Gnijjm Evans' Bittern then JOT, will relish yonr food arf pS Hitters is tW TiL+ d „ jVans Qumne WeaSeS, ne5s, and Chest AffectionJ F 81eeP^ TESTIMONIALS. T f fM. Jeare TIOAV Spirits, and Indigestion, and the Best bSi^ IIhtX3lftd GwiW Ivans' Qui^e be without CV!? year' and not WiSS!?.4 °r anythinS-Yours truly, M. A WONDERFUL MEDICINE, Sirs, x- 22, Durden-treet, Winsford. +v, TG.tlme ago 1 had the Influenza and the doctors could do me no good with' their medacme, so I took two botttes of GwiJvm Evans Quinine Bitters and it hoo cl.oDe 1I1e a lot of good. I think Gwilym Evana'°Qui^tne tnilyPS a nderful Medicine.—Yours l BEWARE OF IMITATIONS^1,1,0*' Uit+ren ymiv. for Evans' Quinine Bitters see tha- you get it with the name Gwilym Evans" on the label, stamp, and bottle, Avithout. which none are genuine, Gwilym Evans Quinine Bittere is sold every- Sf'f' 111 bottles,. 2s 9d and 4s Gd each, V 1x3 s^nt' carriage free, on receipt of ^m^, du-ect from the Sole Proprietors The Quinine Bitters ManufactuiSng Com n'r pany, Limited, Llanelly, South Wales. '1/
Carmarthen tVoinlj Pot I y Spfsions This court was held at the Townhali on nln^' i Dudley Wililiams-Dnim- mond, Portiscliff (chairman); Mr C. W Jones, GAvynfryn (vice-chairman): Mr L. A. L Evans, Pa'ntycendy; lVIi- D. L. Jones, Der- yn, Mi John Lloyd, Danybank. NO LICENSES FOR MINORS. Tnn T i 1Si tUe llceil!^e of Half Way the lS- Vn Ll^neVapI>!ieif&1- a transfer ot ™ m £ ,W. JO,,M aikK! » yo;tiiig »-» was m.ar'l'lec1. The father that he 11"'11. not; his sister, wl110 was 19 yeans age, would assist him to cai ry on tho house. 1 tie Clerk: Those two children axe to carry on tihe public house. „J,he Chairman said that they could not en- teirtain tli;r aippllaoation' a> the applicant Avas thatPthev^5 nlt f 'had b?ttw be notified under age llce,*es to Persons Mr C. W. III the eye of the law he is all -infaii.t, A YOUNG OFFENDER. Willnam Evans, a young' lad living m bhaws Lane, was charged with drunkenness. P.C. Lewis Lewis said that at 9.30 p.m. on Sunday, he saw the defendant drunk at the Carmarthen railway station. Mr H. B. White appeared on behalf of the defendsm,, and pleaded guilty. As defendant had never before been convicted in that court he asked them to treat it as his first offence. Tire Charrman warned the defendant of the danger of keeping bad coairpanv, and pointed out that if he did not give up the drink he might eventually commit other offences. He would be fined 2s 6d and oosts. THE BENCH DUBIOUS. Henry Pugh, Avhose address was given as •xTbrian Place, Carmarthen, was charged AA ith being dl'unk and disorderly at Fenyside station on the previous Sunday. P.C. Richards proved the case. Mr Acton Evans appeared for the defen- dant. and pleaded guilty. Defendant was too ill to attend. The Chairman said that in that ca.se the case hfid better be adjourned for the appear- ance of the defendant. It was; the rule of the Bench to require all defendants to be present. Mr Acton Evans: I hope the press will take a nolte of your worship's remarks The Chlaiimlan: By all means, if they think them worthy of being recorded Mi-Acton Evans Mid that the defendant tadW ?h Sllffea'm- tro™ insomnia, ever sinSe he had the summons. we're Ga^ &aid that the magistrates 11 very often diiibiour) about the excuses made vea-y Oft,"n. l eir object "as to prevent exZS G °\S gct't,n» nito trouble and their «xpea fence showed that the publicity of their appearance in court often had more effect on them than a fine. The case would be ad- journed for a ii,cc-k. ANOTHER VICTIM OF THE HAY. John Sweeney, who said that he was a native of the county Longford in lreland was charged with being drunk and disorderly. P.C. Brntten pravecL that the defendant had 'hoen drunk and disardeu-ly on Llan- gunnor road the previous evening. Defendant said that he had been IN-orking in the may. He had no fixed place of aibode in this county, but went AA-oiking for farmera iXMind about Oairm'arthenshitre. The -olic.eman said that the defendant had 5d in his possession. The Bench fined the defendant 5s. As ho had not the money, he wont to gaoi for & week, CARMARTHZN Printed and Publish^ by the Proprietress M LAWBENCB, at ber OSce- 3, Bloe-staeel, FaIDAt, Jaly 27th, T906,