CARMARTHEN UNDER THE SEARCHLIGHT. Ci.ujw come, and sit Toti down yon shall not budge, Tfon shall not go till I set you up a gl*e*, Where yon may see the inmost TMI n' you.' ———— ShakmpIABC. A tramp was heard begging the other day begging for a penny to make up the price of a night's, lodgings. He was taken to the police station, and eight pence was found in .his pocket. No doubt he flattered himself that the statement was not an untruth, but merely a business artifice. ago The Education Bill at present occupies a secondary or even a. tertiary place in the PlliMic interest. The first place is occupied by hay-making. 900 A portion of one of our leading thorough- fares has been provided with a new pave- ment. Jt looked very well, but it makes the t of the street very shabby. It was, there- fore, proposed that the pavement should be extended. One of the householders before whose door the first piece was made did not see that the extension was required. A good deal depends on the point of viek. Two travellers stopped outside Carmarthen j to admi-re a tree which was growing near the pine-end of a. cottage. They com- menced to argue about the beautiful white blooms which the tree bore. One suggested that it was a plum tree, whilst another oon- TOIKW thnt it was a kind of flowering shrub. Leave was obtained to go into the garden and to inspect it, and the party discovered that the blooms were—splashes of whiite-wasih. ••• At a meeting of the Main Roads Council there were pointed references to the "gag" —that is the enforeement of the five minute rule. It has been found that people always object to the gag-when it comes to their own turn. The pr4esent Parliamentary oppo- sitlilolli are now unable to admire the ingenious pattern of the gag which they patented a few yeaa-a ago. An interesting local work will shortly be published entitled "The Con/federate County Councillors." The author prefers to remain anonymous; but it is understood that he is one of those commercial travellers who have been scouring the county in a wild endeavour to book oixlers for prestige at any price. It seems to have been suggested that the workmen under the County Council are not sufficiently supervised. There can be no com- plaint of that kind in the Borough. Not only have we the ordinary officials, but we have also zealous Town Councillors who will spend a goodly portion of their valuable time keeping their eye on CoiporaAtion employees. If the Labour Party ever gets the upper hand on the Town Council there will be a stop put to this kind of thing. The Rev J. Towyn Jones is regarded all over South Wales, as a lqfving embodiment of Welsh Nationalism. Yet when some refer- ence was made to the fact- that some of the officials were Welsh and others English, he stood up boldly for the theory that there is something deeper than nationality. It Was the BaJUe thing which made a Scots poet write "A man's a man for a' that." An old Roman p et ages ago penned some verses in which occur the words "Nihil human urn alien um a me puto"—I regard no human being as a foreigner. The Pagan audience rose up and cheered when they heard the words. So the idea of international brotherhood is much older than we sometimes fancy. "0 Nationality is a very fine thing. It is to humanity what sectarianism is to religion. Sectarianism is a very very fine thing its way. Mast religious bodier, have their heroes, their saints, their scholars, and their martyrs. If sectarianism means an emulation to live up to the best traditions of the sect, it is a very fine thing. But if iit means a narrow idea, that there is no true rel-igion outside these traditions, and that other sects are only to be judged by their sinners and criminals, it becomes the enemy of true religion. It is exactly the same with nationalism. It' is an excellent thing in its way. It is an inspiration to greatness. But like sectarian- ism it may "become perverted; then it becomes mere parochialism—a stage which Welsh Nationalism has long since outgrown if it ever was there at all. WWW There was nothing whatever of a. national spirit about the division at the County Coun- cil. But it is no use disregarding the fact that the motor car had a good deal to do with the whole affair. One or two rather nasty things were saiu about motor cars, and on the other hand, Mr A. Stephens, who is a motor- ifct of no mean repute, stood up for the present system of road management. The motor car has become a. very sore point in many circles. Some believe it to be the greatest blessing that civilisation ever pro- duced and others regard it as the greatest plague and nuisance mlitli which the human race was ever afflicted. AAA There are many members of the County Council who object to motor cars on principle They are backed up by a laiiige section of public opinion. It is to be remembered that thousands of people regard the, roads as having been made only for market carts and hay waggons. The fact of motor cam being allowed on the road -is to them nothing more than a trespass of the most obnoxious charac- ter. It is easy then to imagine the feeling with which they regard a motor car which they feel they are keeping to run over the county roads. The feelings of a. staunch Recha,bite who WAS rated for a champagne lunoli would be mild in comparison. 0" 1 After all, the Surveyor's motor car seems to be a particularly harmless one. So far we have not heard of anybody being run over by it, and if such things did happen it would not be easy to hush them up. There are not many facilities for disposing of corpses on the main roads, a.nd there tare no accounts of people having been -L-ed-although it must be admitted that there are some who never would be missed. WWW It Ta the motor car which is the cause of the increase in the cost of the main roads. I do not speak of any particular oar, but of the motor car in the abstract. Ten years ago the roads were not much used except by the hay waggons and market cartig aforesaid. The traffic of the country passed over the railways. All this is altered. The main roads are once more the great arteries of the country, as they were in the times of the stage coach. The whole cause of the ill-feeling is that one set of poopie demand that the roads shall be kept up to such a standard that they shall be good tracks for motor cars, and that the other set resent this and regard the roads as good enough if they suit the needs of the agricul- j tural vehicles already mentioned. One off the decayed arguments raked up in favour otf removing the County Offices to Uttnelly is that a ridicuftfus price wag paid for Bank House. I quite agree. If those who j are talking that way now managed to get hold of a copy or two of the "Reporter" pub- lished about the time of the purchase, they could find material for a few grand speeches. This was at the time. I have written many things at the time, and there has been a regular how to deny the truth of them. Then when years pass, and the history of the affair has to be written, the howlers actually copy out the facts which they themselves tried to su-ppress at the time and denied hys- terically when others made them. It is well known that there are oppor- tunists who are prepa,red to deny anything which they know themselves to be true-if it suits their purpose to do so. It is only natural that they should deny their denial later on, when that suits. But there is nothing to deny in this case, although some are discovering the facts which they seem vo have ignored before. The County Council paid £3,000 for Bank House, and spent a few hundreds putting it in repair. The price was paid because the members of the Standing Joint Committee-wlho took the matter in hand through a misconception of their duties —felt that lodgings were required imme- diately for we Judge, and no other house was available. ••• It is not a bit of good talking about this now. Nobody will be likely to offer the now. Nobody will be likely to offer the County Council £3,000 for the house—to say nothing of the rest of the money spent on it. If there were any likelihood of getting any- thing like the same money for it, there would be something in the argument. But the County Council has Bank House, and wculM he very lucky to get t60 a year for it—which would be about 2 per cent, on the cost price. The money is spent now, and nothing will tbrirag it back. Ott There appears to be a very marked deter- mination on the part of the county magis- trates to make cyclists carry lights after dark. The fine for an uniighted cycle is now 12s 6d inclusive. A pretty good lamp can be pro- cured at that price, ad it is a more satisfac- tory investment than if the amount is paid into the County funds. WWW There is an idea abroad that the law re- garding the carrying of lights on bicycles does not apply to the Borough of Carmar- then. This is a totally wrong view. The making of t-he bye-laws regarding the carry- ing of lights by horse-drawn vehicles lies with the local authority; and as the Car- marthen Town Council has made no such bye- laws, it lis pessible to drive a carriage and pair at midnight, from Abergwili bridge to Nantyci without incuning any legal penalty. Of course, the driver nigh-t incur a serious accident; but that is quite another story. In regard to lbiycles and motor cars, the case is quite different. They are compelled by the geenftl law of the land to carry lights when it is an hour or more after sunset, and an hour or more before sunrise. This is the law of the land, and does not depend on local authorities. For instance, a Borough police- man might just below the Ystnad meet a two horse bitl-e coming along ait full speed with- out lights, and behind It a cyclist pedalling along without light. The policeman would have to let the brake pass; but it would be his bounden duty to take the name of the cyclist and to prosecute him! 0#9 One of the statements made at the County Council debate was that the Surveyor was too good for his place. This appeared to evoke general approval. It is to be hoped that the next t'me there is, a vacancy, steps will be taken to secure an official who has the requi- site degree of incompetence to fill the place. WWW Mr James Morgan, photographer, has re- ceived the following letter from Mr Lloyd George's secretary with regard to the group of the present Welsh members which he has produced Board of Trade, Whitehall Garden, S.W., 6fed Orphenaf, 1906. Anwyl Gymrawd, Bam Mr. Lloyd-George yw taw hwn yw y "Casgliad goreu o luniau yr aelodau Seneddol Cymreig ag y mae hyd yn hwn wedi ei weJed." Y mae yn wir ddiolchgar i chwi am dano. Cofion gwladgarol, Yr eiddoch, Yn rhwyman Cymru Wen, JOHN ROWLAND, James Morgan, Arlunydd, Caerfyrddin. ••• Trippers do not go in for an eight hours day. On Friday an excursion passed through Ca-nmarthen before the shops were opened. About midnight, the town was awakened by the brakes returning from Llanstephan full of happy beanfeastem If people were paid for this kind of thing they would go on strike for shorter hours. WWW The preparations are already being made for the Revision Court. In spite of the fact that they pretend that they do not expect the Bill to pass, the local Clerical party is getting ready for another effort to get a Town Council favourable to their designs, so as to secure ail the advantages they can under the new measure. -he roads are fairly overrun with tramps at the present time. In the course of a four- mile walk any day, you can meet them of all agea—from the weedy youth df fifteen to the patriarchal old vagrant who has passed seventy summers on the noad. What with rural depopulation and the increase of vagrancy, there is often to be found on the roads of a parish more men than are to be found on the farms! ALSTXKIA.
Healthy and Strong. When you feel "run down," and can't fawa your work properly, you have only to take m course of Gwilym Evans' Quinine Bitterns, then you will relish your food and pick up your bodily strength and spirits quicker than you lost them. Gwilgran Evans' Quinne Bitten is the Best Remedy for Indigestion, Weakness, Flatulence, Lour Spirits, I ness, and Chest Affections. F TESTIMONIALS. Dear Sire, AlltmeJyd, Rhyl. I hare suffered for yearn from Weakness, Low Spirits, and Indigestion, and the Beet Remedy I have had is Gwilym Evans' Quinine Witters. I take it every year, and would not WiLLUMg1^ an^inS*—Yours truly, M. A WONDERFUL MEDICINE. Sirs, 22, Durden-treet, Winsford. ,,S°710,time •*> I had the Influenza, and the doctors could do me no good with their medicine, so I toakt-tro "bottles of Gwilym Evans' Quinine Bitterns, and it has done me a lot of good. I think Gwilym Evans' Quinine Bitters is a Wonderful Medicine. Youro truly, L. MSLLOB. BEWARE OF IMITATIONS. When you ask for Gwilym Evans' Quinine Bitters see tha- you get it with the name "Gwilym Evans" on the label, stamp, and bottle, without which none are genuine. Gwilym Evans' Quinine Bitters is sold every- where, in 'bottles, 2s 9d and 4s 6d each, or will be sent, carriage free, on receipt of stamps, direct from the Sole Proprietors The Quinine Bittero Manufacturing Com PillY, irtStitedj ItoneUy, South Wstaf.
Our Ambitions. A DREAM DREAMT NEAR THE NEW TOWN HALL. April, 1906. At a meeting of theUrban District. Council it was decided that something really must be done to give Llanelly a status. We won't be happy till we get it. May, 1906. Another meeting of the Urban District Council held to consider the question. It wias decided to try to get the A-sizes to Llanelly. June, 1906. Five more meetings held, and five miles of wire pulled to try to get Boimething or other to Llanelly. July 1st to 10th, 1906. Twenty more meetings held with the saime object. July 11th, 1906. The Carmarthen Town Council held a meeting to see if they could do something to thwart ua. Could anything be more disgrace- ful P Everybody can see what they are up to. They are not at all impartial, disinterested, and immaculate—as we are! August, 1906. Decided to establish the county offices at Llanelly. Estimate £ 5,000. Probable coet £ *,000. September, 1906. Our now Townhalll has been handed over to the County Council. The fact is we have n6 e-artilly use for it, and we were only too glad to get somebody to adopt it, and it. is an ex- pense. October, 1906. Decided tjiii-t the Quarter Sessions shall be held at Llanel.y twice, Llandilo once, and Carmarthen onice. By putting it in that way, the upper part of the county voted for it. November, 1906. Heiiided over our old tramways to the County Council, kindly allowing 5 per cent, off coot price, which is very generous con- sidering that they are less than a century old. April 1, 1907. We were lgradiously pleased to hand over the new Dook to the Carmarthenshire County Council. The County Council passed us a vote of thanks, and we heaved a sigh of relief. July, 1907. It has been found perfectly ridiculous to convenient place for Quarter Sessions. It is out of the way and inaccessible. Resolved that three metings -be held at Llanelly, and one at Carmarthen. September, 1907. Paid £1,500 for a Bite for county offices. Carmarthen members (raised a fine rumpus with their usual narrow-mindedness. They, cannot nee that as Llanelly contains 25,617 people out of a totail of 135,328, it ought to Tuile the roost. January, 1908. It has been found perfectly ridiculus to hold one meeting of the Quarter Sessions at Cainmarthen and three at Llanelly. To make a cotart migratory is infra dig and suggestive of a travelling circus. Resolved that in future the Quarter Sessions be held at Llan- elly. August, 1908. Reootlved that in future all meetings of the County Council and of its Committees be held at LlaneIly. March, 1909. It has been found t'hat the members for Uandovery, Whitland, Carmarthen, and Newcastle Emlyn do not attend as regularly as the LLanehy members. It is, therefore, useless putting them on the committees. June, 1910. Paid the contract-or £ 6,500 for the now county offices as per contract, and £2,300 extras. This with the price of the land brings the total up to £ 10,300. It is univer- sally admitted to be a good job. Decided to provide, furniture iand heating -apparatus at a cost not exceeding £ 2,000. November, 1911. It was unanimously agreed that the name of the county be changed 100 "LIajiellyeihiM." We never can have a status so long as the county is named from that decayed village on the Towy. May, 1912. Several complaints received that the roads roads are not properly looked after in Tre- lech, Gaio, and Pencader districts. Seeing that the members from the outlying districts do not attend, lilt is to be saruamed that they do not ake any interest in the business and want nothing. 1915. The new footpaths on each side of the road from Llanelly to Pontardulais have now J been constructed. Resolved that electric lights be placed there at intervals of 100 yards as also on the pavements- between Llanelly and Kidwelly. 1916. Merlin's Hill has just been removed to the flat ibehind the town, and we begin to feel bbat we are really gettng 18. status. 1917. The inhabitants of the wilder parts of the county hold mass meetings to protest against the protpoaal to spend 2150,000 on a. school of mining at Ammanford. Nothing else could be expected from the jossers. 1919. I School of Mining finished. Cost £ 230,0001 Oversees of Mydriim and Conwil refuse to collect the rates. Commitment orders ap- plied for. 1920. St. Peters Ohurch has been successfully removed ;to,& convenient place near the Town Hall. Decided to whitewash it as it looks ridiculously old. Tomb of Rhys ap Thomas a bit antiquated, 80 it has been replaced by the masoleum oi Ianto bach, the famous half- back. 1925. School of Metallurgy established with 500 schoilairships of £75 a year each open to resi- dents within five miles of the Townhall. 1927. Serious disturbances at Llandyssul And Llanddeuaant. Farmers still object to rates which have now 'been reduced from 476 6d to 38s 6d in the £ 1928. Answer received from the Lord Chancellor who maintains that the Assizes must be held at the most convenient place in the county. This court is stitl held at Carmarthen. It is scandalous how little attention the Crown lliuthoritiespay to local influence. Here we do not consider convenience or justice. All we bother about is status. 1931. l'he development of the Canadian tinplate trade has x-oduced our population to 14,531. The discovery of the new coalfield in the upper part of the county has lately had such an effect that the papulation of Llanarthney is now 35,000. A strong effort is being made to get the county offices, etc., to Llanarth- ney. Such impudent upstarts must be taught their place. Population and rateable value have nothing to do with it. The case must be decided on its merito-nost by counting noses. This isn't what we &aid 25 years ago; but we are getting wiser and older now than tfe THBI6 in tfUir mdi y th r
The Crisis in the Ohnrch. To the Editor Carmarthen Weekly Reporter. Sir,—I think it will be agreed by all im- partial aurthor.iities that a great mistake has been tmade in the appointment of the Church Commission. I do no object to a few Dis- senters being allowed on it. But I maintain tha* the Church has not been properly repre- sented on the Commission. There are men whose knowledge of Church affaire is much greater than that of any of those appointed. Modesty forbids me to say more. But when they come round to Llettypenwoig, I hope to be able to give 'the Coonmissioner8 a few points which will startle them. I am not a betting man, but -if I were I would be pre- pared to lay odds that the attendance at the Llettypenwag parish church will be very good for the next six months, and will &how well in the statistics. Nobody can expect me to give my secrets away. I have no objections whatever to Com- missions. If the report is favourable, we can make the most of it; and if it is unfavouralble we are already prepared with the arguments to discount its findings. There are influences in favour of the Church of which the Com- missioners will never have adequate know- ledge. There are coals, soup, blankets, and flannel 6khawls and caddies of tea. I do not suggest that our squire is in any way actu- ated by religious feelings. He cannot give something to an the poor of the parish during the winter. He does not know them all, and it is only natural that he should collsider those as having the first claims on his atten- tion whom he sees in their places on Sunday or who are recommended to liiim by me. There has been a lot of fuss too about the Ritual Commission. They have decided that there are many illegal practices carried on in the Church. I am not particularly strong in the ritualistic line myseltf. I had a curate a few years ago who was always trying on ex- periments with the latest things in ecclesi- astical dress making. I mean that they were the latest things to me; but he was always talking about them as fourteenth century albs and thirteenth century copes, and fif- teenth century stoles. He is a vicar now and has given up that kind of thing. He finds it quite enough to keep his wife in twentieth century gowns without worrying albout vest- ments for himself. IMrs Laud Davies in- formed me in confidence of the ultimate fate of a thirteenth century cope, but I will not betray confidences. It. will be gathered that the cope has been converted. Still I am quite prepared to maintain its essential con- tinuity, and to prove that it is the same thing all the time. There is ia good deal to be said on both sides as Sir Roger de Coverley says. It would be revolutionary to iint-roduce incense into my church. Its fumes have never been smelt there; but I must admit that I cannot say as much of the fumes of peppermint and various other creature comforts. There is a good deal to be said against having candles on the altar. But after all, there ought to be light on the altar, if you cannot get mudh light in the pulpit. As for the other goings-on, we not to be too hard on the clergy who intro- duce them into the programme. It is neces- sary in some places to go in for striking novelites to induce people to oomie to church. The Commissioners think that there should be greater elasticity; many of the old rubrics were tor-med at a time when there was not such appreciation as now of the historical continuity of the ohurch. Td you came to think of it, it a a turns on the continuity question. If it is the same church to-day as in the days of Stephen Langton, the case is altered. Then all the beliefs and all the ceremonies whidh have not been specifically abolished are still legal. On the other hand, if the Churoh -is a new establisment, nothing is legal except it is specifically prescribed in the Prayer Book and the Canons. Is the Prayer Book a manual complete in itself, or is it merely a table of "errata" to guide us in dialling with the older practices. -The posi- tion is a most difficult one. For my own part, I am quite willing and anxious to stand tip for the Church, but I really oan't find out What tlic Church is. It is a regrettable fact bhat there seems to be no agreement as to the spiritual aspect of the Church, and I am sometimes inclined to .think that the tithes and the endowments are really the Church, for that is the point on which we are all agreed—however much wo may differ about such trifles as Creeds, and Ritual, and Rubrics. Whilst on the topic, I might mention a striking instance of the continuity of the English Church. I refer to the conquest of Ireland. This was the work of Pope Urban IV. He M an Englishman, and was oalled Nicholas Brpa-kspeare when hp was at home. He was a kind of ecclesgia^tii^l Joseph C'hltm- berlain, who went in for a spirited foreign policy and the extension of the Empire. The Irish did not pay Peter's Peneo in those benighted days. They had a chronic objec- tion to paying Peter's pence—or anybody else. So old Nick issued a bull authorising his faithful son Henry to conquer Ireland and to make the Irish good Christians. The Irish in their flannel wiaistcoats could not stand up to the Norman knights in the cast-iron overcoats, and civilisation won the day. I iregrot that I have not been able to find any record Of Henry sending the money to the Pope. He collected it right enough, but it never seems to have reached Rome. Perhaps it Was all used up in ex- penses, or was lost in the Post Office. I hope this will be sufficient to prove that the Eng- lish Church was the same in the twelfth ctn- tury as it is to-day. There is a remarkable similarity in the way we always conquer the natives for thpir own good and to civilise them. rather Himon, oito of the chaplains of Edward I., was a fine old Churchman 'and patriot. He tdkt the Normans that it was no siii whatever to kill a native, and that he would say Ma-sa right away after killing an Irishman. The principles of Jingoism are much older than we fancy. Father Simon was assasinated eventually; the Irish were always a bad vindictive lot, and never loved their enemies ias they ought to do. The moral of this anecdote will, I hope, not be thrown away. If Henry II. had had nothing to do with the Pope, we should not have had the misfortune tp annex Ireland, from which poor Old England has not been able to get free to this day. I hope this w .i convince all good Church- men of the absolute necessity of education being kept in the hands of the Church. It is necessary that history be taught in the pro- per way, hy teachers who will teach it so as to bolster up our Church Detfence theories. A good deal of the dangerous ideas which are now prevalent are due to the fact that the young people have not been taught their his- tory by teachers who have not had it disin- fected by a course Of Church Defence pam- phlets. I remain, etc., T. LAUD DAVIES, B.A. Llettypenwag Vicarage, Coedsych, R.S.O.
One of Many in Carmarthen. Whenever we are suffering from any trouble or illness, it is surprising to find how many of our neighbours have suffered in the same way. Then the feeling of loneliness goes. If also we hear from neighbours how they were a-ble to overooone their trouble, there comes a sense of hopefulness, and we determine to follow the course which they pursued so successfully. This Carmarthen story will help many of us. "I can well recommend Doian's backache kidney pills," says Mrs M. Richards, 37, St. David's-street, Carmarthen, "because I have derived much benefit from them. "For a long time I had sharp, stab-like "pains in the small of my back and across my loins. If I stooped the pains were so bad that I had great difficulty in getting upright again. I used to feel tired and languid, especially in the morni.ngs. "When I began with Doan's backache kidney pills and found they were helping me, I kept on w n them. Gradually the pains in my back left me, and I became quite well. Doan's pills have done me a lot of good, and I can highly rccoimmend them. (Signed), M. Richards, Doan's backache kidney pills are 2s 9d per box (six boxes for 138 9d). Of all chemists and stores, or posit- free, direct from Foste'r- McClellan Co., 8, Wells-sitreet, Oxford-street, London, W. 'Doan's a're the pills thtrt curca 31re Richards.
Archaeological Miscellanies. No doubt many of you thought that I had gone cut of the business 'altogether. In some cases the wish was father to the thought. It is easy to understand that a profound scholar like myself cannot exhibit -^5 erudition with- out causing a lot of jealousy amongst people of provincial reputations. The fact is that I have made up my mind never to say anything except I have something to say—a rule which I hope to see some day more generally adoptou. WERE THE ANCIENT BRITONS CANNIBALS? Professor Cummerbund, of Buda Pesth, writes to ask me if I can give him any infor- mation showing whether the Ancient Britons were cannibals or not.—This is a subject to which I ih-ave given a good deal of attention. I received the gold medal of the Anthropo- logical Society off Berlin for a paper embody- ing the results of my iivsearches on the sub- ject. "Brut y Tywysogion" is silent on the point, and the Myvyrrian archaeology is not particularly explicit on the subject. The evidence of Grufydd ap Cynon is completely demolished by Dafydd ap Gwilym as well as Rhodri ap lorwerth. Some valuable hints will be found in the poems of Ceredig ap Sis- yllt. I daresay you never heard of these authors before. That is because you have not got my profound acquaintance with Celtic literature. Some sidelights on the subject will be found in the fifth volume of that immortal Gaelic writer Turlough Mac Lachlan The weight of evidence is against the alle- gation. But I wish I could say truly that the modern Weloli are free from all complicity in cannibalism. They certainly make tin- cans for the Chicago packers, and must there- fore be held to be accessories before the fact. PEDIGREES. Evan Rees, who lives. in Cardiff, writes to ask me if I can make him a pedigr-ce proving him to be a descendant of Rhys ap Thomas. Of course I can. I can make you a pedigree showing you to be descended from Llewelyn ein llyw olaif or Owen Glendoweror Twm Shon Catti or anybody you like. Once I have drawn it out nobody can prove that it is not true. It is an extraordinary thing that everybody is a descendant of Rhys ap Thomas J or of Rhodri Mawr, or some of these big guns. There were plenty of tinkers, and farmers, and thieves, and thatchers, and car- penters and Shoemakers in those days; but it seems to be taken for granted that these had no descendants. Weil, perhaps you are right. As you had four grand parents and each of them four grand parents and so on, it follows that you are descended from thousands of different people who lived in the Middle Ages. So you may as well fix on the most respectable one you can think of. Now most of these people have thousands of descendants awve to-day. King Edward III. has been proved to be the ancestor of 40,000 people, who are "alive to- day. They comprise English Dukes and Irish fenians tramps and railway directors, lawyers and parsons, American bosses and Welsh farm labourers. This is the best argument in favour of the Brotherhood of Man. If you only jump back to the Con- queror, you would have to count millions I instead of thousands. That's the reason why I am a supporter of the Royal Family. J always like to stand up for my relations— especially those who are a credit to me. LLYN-LLECH-OWAIN. Several correspondents have begged me to say a word or two about Llyn-llech-owain, a pool near Llanarthney. There is a "beautiful legend" connected with this lake. It is said that it was only an ordinary well at one time. A certain prince was out hunting and went to get a gla of witter from the well. He was so worried by hi. hawk and hound that lie did not replace the stone on the well, with the result that the water flowed and flowed until it covered the whole valley and made the magnificent lake which is to be seen there. This is said to be a beautiful legend. When- ever there is a yarn told labout something ten or twenty centuries ago, it is called a "legend." If you make up stories about things that liappened yesterday they would call them lies and suggest that you would be a valuable acquisition to the staff of an even- ing paper. It is a beautiful legend in its way. It is peculiar that exactly the same legend belongs to Lough Neagh in Ireland- although there the damage was done by a woman who ran because she heard her child crying. This is a valuable aid in studying the customs of the past, because whether the story is true or not, it proves that in the age when it was composed babies used to cry and mothers used ito get flustered with their cry- ing. There a.-re three lochs in Scotland, four lakes in Switzerland, and i-een in Russia whicjh originated ii} (more or Ipsa tlie spime fashion, It is '(astonishing how careJess people used tp be about putting the stopper on wells, although they must have been con- tinuially in the papers, about the terrible disasters which were occurring on account of the recklessness in this respect. There were no District Councils in those d&ys to enforce proper regulations. There are wicked people who suggest that the Celts— who were champions in 'the legend business- wicked people who suggest that the Celts- who were champions in 'the legend business- had two or three stories and that when they shitted from one place to another they applied these stories to every landscape they saw. It is strange, by the way, that the same good stories which are now told cf Sir Wilfrid Lawson and Mr Gladstone used to be told of Dean Swift and Sir Thomas Moore and Simon de Montfort and Julius Ctesar! It is wonderful how great men under similar c«i cumstances always seem to say the same things. Indeed I have a suspicion that Steele or Bacon or Chaucer or Cicero may have written exactly the s^m§ things tftut I am writing now, • & -««v A RARE BOOK. Jack o r Pent re sends me a rare book wihich he says belonged to his grandmother, and which he says has been in his family for; over two hundred years. He wishes to know what I think of it, and whether I can give him an estimate of its approximate value According to what you teN me. Jack, this is a most wondjrfu ,boOk. It was printed at Carmarthen m the year 1868. Seeing that it was in your family a hundred ftnd fifty yeans .before it wias printed, your edition must be rather ,an eady one. There is in the work a ballad on the opening of the railway Carmarthen, which as it wias penned a couple of conttiriet% before it happened, is something I miraculous. As to the value of the book that all depends on the purchaser. Jf you come a,Kr°Txt05neb?c'y ho does not know much fJs&SnATyou migbt set as for it. TAFFY-FLAT LANE. 1 kwladgai-w-r'' asks if I can give him any clue to the origin of the name Taffy-flat Lane" which he has heard of in Carmarthen. ri /? ls a interesting relic of the Goldelic occupation. The Goideki were called the <;Padis," and the Bi^t were called^he <"Taffis" in the local vSnacS fcfra f? B.u. the Brythons came here, and after several tremendous battles they drove the Goidels out into the wilds and Carmarthen became a Brythonic stronghold L0llZlRlaUt « i T*unt of whole affair m the Black Book of Carmarthen—for it was a black day for the Goidels. As the flat countiy round about Carmarthen became the ^T«fF°v fl the 1 Y £ XI. X ^1G still clings tp one part of the town an account of the fact that a celobrated fight of fifteen rounds took plpoe there between Haffy ipp Jones, and Padi 0 Ha It a, a celebrated Goidelic chieftain in the third century. The fight was undetpi&ive hp- cause the polupe interfered. If you or anybody edw want information come to me. You will never find any qu- tion I can't answer. I need scarcely inform you after this that I have a lot of valuable information never before published, KRASMUS.
Lady Graduates and the Franchise in tile Coll't of R,t, Edinburgh on m a Sa^esm, refused a decree in M 4 4r°Usllt hy Miss Margar. Nairn, M.A., of Abercomby Place, Edinburgh. and other graduates of the Lniv^rs'.ty of Edin- burg aud St. Andrew's, to d4,c;tpe the question whether, under the existirg Franehi.se Acts, wiey were entitled to vote for a representa- feve xn Parliament for these universities, ws lordship refused to accept the argument that tho word "person" in the Franchise Act, mc!udt>a both J
Whitland Intermediate School. MEETINu OF MANAGERS. A 'meeting off the new managers of Whit- land Intermediate School was held at the Secretary's office, Whitland, on Friday, 6th July, at 2.30p.im. There were present: Mr H. J. H. Lawrence, Laanpeter House; Mr D. Evans, Manordaf; Mis Silvan-Evans, Ty- gwyn-ar-daf Miss Saer, Biewgyd Mr John Soourfield, iilaenwernddu; Mr P. N. Owen, Medical Halil; aiid the secretary, nir J. Griffiths-Rees. Mr D. Brains moved, Mr Soourfield secon- ded, that Mrs ouvan-Evans take the chair pro. tem. Carried. Mr D. Evans moved, Mr Scourfield secon- ded that Mr H. J. H. Lawrence be re-ap- pointed chairman for the next three years. Mr Evans, in proposing said Br Lawrence had so successfully piloted their ship though the troubled waters of tlic, post that they could no possibly have a better chairman at the Jlolm in the calmer waters which he trusted now awaited them, since the County Council had increased their representation on the management; they would also increase their grants to meef the requirements of the school (cheers). Dr Lawrence in returning thanks for the honour they had against bestowed on him, in once more re-electing him as their chairman; he trusted the same co-operation would be extended to him in the future as in the past, so that they may manage the school to the best interests of the children. He submitted that the best thanks of the managers was due to Mr Evans, Manordaf, for the able and successful manner in which he always repre- sented their interests at the County Council and the Education Committees. It was to Mr Evans's influence and efforts that they were indebted for the t75 additional grants that had been granted them (cheers). Mr D. Evans moved, and Miss Saer sscon- ded that Mr J. Scoui-field be re-appointed as vice-chairman for three years.. Mr Scoui-field proposed Mr Evans, but Mr Evans pressed his motion, which was carried. On the motion of Mr Scourfield, seconded by Miss Saer, te following were appointed as the Finance committe for the next three years: Mr H. J. H. Lawrence, Mr D. Evans, and Mr P. N. Owen. It was proposed by Mr D. Evans, seconded y Scourfield that the three lady members ~~<Mis Si Ivan-Evalis, Miss Saer, and Mi's ihomas— be appointed a committee to visn, the pupils' lodgings in the town, and to select the best and most suitable lodgings such as they could fully recommend. The Seoretary gave a summary of the pro- vision sof the irules made, re pupils lodgings, which had been submitted for the approval of the Central \\elsli Board, which had not vet been returned, the subject still being under that authority s consideration. The Secre- tary was instructed to bring them into use as soon as approved, and printed. Mr Scourfield moyed, Mrs Silvan-Evans seconded, that the managers, at the Head- masters request, should conduct the C.W.-O. examinations this year as usual, and that the Secretary fill up any gaps in superintending same as hitherto, should any of the managers not be able to attend.—Carried On the proposition o Mr D. Evans, secon- VT ,y,M.1??.,8aer> ™ decided that the school buildings be spring cleaned, etc. dur- ing the holidays. Application; for increase cf salaries from n t iV the mistress and Mr D. 1. Evans, B.Sc., were nio.-t favourably considered, both being fully entitled to it and had been promised it as soon as the funds would justify it. The following resolution was carried on the proposal of Mr Scourfield, and seconded by Mis^ Saer, "That we approve of the mistress and science master's applications tor increased salaries to which they are justly entitled, and strongly recommend them for same, both being :most suitable for the school ,and district, and are undobutedly the most underpaid teachers holding such positions in the whole county, and that we ask the County authority to suggest what salaries they are to be paid in the future, and urge that they be pa.id the same salaries other similar teachers in the county." The Secretary was instructed to forward copies of the teachers applications, with the resolution, to the County authorities. The annual statements of the school accounts to the 31st March. 1906, were pre- sented by the secretary, and signed by the managers, showing a balance to the good on the three combined banking accounts of L74 os lOd. The Secretary had also prepared a balance sheet Of the school accounts to --Ie 30th June, being the end of the School finan- cial year, which showed a balance at bankers after pavmoijf all cheques issued that day of £ 38 1/ 7d between the Maintenance scholarships and bursaries and the Repair and Improvement Fund accounts. „ J1*0 Secretary presented the re^ilt of the VjV examination, held 011 the 20th May. 4he Secretary reported that five candidates, two Whitland and three at the St. Clears centre, sat for the P.T. entrance examination held on the 9th June, 1906 15 candidates sat for the entrance scholarship examinations on the 30th of June, namley 11 at Uhitland centre, one of whom was dis- qualified being over age, and four at the St. deal's centre. Three boys from Trelech who competed for the Davics Charity scholarships also sa at that centre, but the four girls en- tered were reported to have sat at Carmar- then, he silibiniitt-ed that since the County authority had granted special permission for them to sit at St. Clears that they should ail do so in the future. i he Secretary presented the correspond- ence he had submitted to the. County Educa. tion Committee, who had confirmed his deci- sion re the two candidates he had disqualified I?1 o'n!llg.-at-tIle t'nt.1'anco examination on the 60th of June, owing to age and certifi. oates, At 4 p.m., a special meeting to meet Mr Uucn Owen Chief Inspector of the Central 2.W1 wu ^'n'\ lu;ld ,at the Intermediate School at the end of the triennial inspection Off the school, Avhen various subjects of inte- rest to the school were discussed with the managers.
Carmartbenshire Recbabites. The Recha&Htes of Carmarthenshire held their annual district council on Saturday the 30t.h ult., at Salem Chapel, Llandovery. Re- presentatives from 42 tents were present, togethei with the members of the executive *nd several visitors, the meeting being con- ducted by Mr John Jones, Pencader, D.C.R. A very gratifying report of the year's work was read by Mr W. David, D.S. Seven new tents had been opened. The membership had increased by 437 and the funds bv £ 1,260 lhe following were elected officers' for the coming year: Chief ruler, Mr D. C. Evans, St. Clears; deputy ruler, Mr James Knoyle, Llangathen; past chief ruler, Mr John Jone", pencader; superintendent of juvenile tents, Mr Thomas Fletcher. Ammanford secretary, Mr W. David, Llanelly; treasurer. Mr T. Gee Llanelly; auditoi^, Mr D. Evans, Newcastle Emlyn, and Mr D. J. Davies, Gwaencae- gurwen,, Messrs G. J. Hodges (Carmarthen) Thos. r letcher, and W. David, the delegates from he district to the High Moveable Conference at Aberdeen last August, rendered very vivid and graphic accounts of the business trans- acted and the pleasures enjoyed at that con- erence. x,The Rev Stephen Thomas, Penybank, and K)C'r° l>resented with a Collar S? aMhefr JSSr™ Nra$n°V"¥" out of offices. New Tents in the dis. (Sd."mnllT '? •* thS district fuml deposited altogether in the Carmartti ^^tant motions from the CounHl wero rejected by aSS i I'he prizes offered for ^petition among juveniles were awarded to D Wil- hams, Llanstephan, and Tom Morgan, Llan- elly. The Shield which is awiarded to the lenc which shows the highest percentage of inorease was taken by the Gwaencaegurwen Tent. Splendid arrangements for the entertain- ment of the delegates and visitors were made by Mr W. Thomas, Monumntal Mason, the secretary of the local Tent.
FOR THE BLOOD is THz iftrz. -Clarke's vrorlD famed Blood Mixture is warranted to cleanses the blood from all impur;ties, from whatever cause anaine For BcrofuJa, scurvy, eczema, skin and blood diFAAana Pimples, and sores of all kinds, its effects are marl vellous Thousands of testimonials. In bofcfclfw 9a and lis each, of all ebtmists. Proprietors L'inmln and Midland Counties Drug Company Lb^I^ AiS for Clarke's Bl^od'Mature Md to take any imitation. w CABMABTHKN Printed and Publish*) by the Proprietress, M LAWBTOO*. at fcer Oi £ ca« 3 Blao-ateeet, FBIPAT, .July 13th, i30e, 1