British Transport Scandal. WELSH FUSILIERS AMONG THE TROOPS. BISCUITS 30 YEARS OLD AND BEEF DATED 1873. MEN'S PROTESTS UNHEEDED. Mr J Keir Hardie, M.P., has written to the Times enclosing a letter from three members of the force detached from South Africa in July last for service in China. The enclosure, which the Times published yester- day in connection with Mr Keir Hardie's covering letter, sbts forth the troops com- prised the artillery seige train, a company of Vickers-Maxims, and 106 men of the Royal Welsh Fusiliers, and left Cape Town on July 23rd on board the transport Antilleau, Liverpool, arrived at Hong Kong on August 22nd, and thence proceeded to Wei-Hai-Wei reaching the latter place on August 30th. The men state: The food given us bad and insufficient. We had bread and biscuits every alternate day-these were used in the morning and were used for breakfast and tea (or supper) —dry bread, and tea without milk as usual. The bread, was black, sour, and heavy, the biscuits naturally hard and very oily. The biscuits bore date 1870, consequently they were 30 years old, and some of them bore even an earlier date. Well, for dinner we had a few changes of meat. Our fare on other days was either salt pork, tinned meat, oi salt beef. The latter was simply abomin- able. It is kept in rough-looking tubs and was dated 1873. This then was 27 years old. Perhaps three or four times a week we would have a tablespoonfnl of rice to dinner, or the same quantity of preserved potatoes, and a very few times during the voyage we hed only ordinary potatoes. Twice per week we had a sort of plum- pudding. This, though heavy, was eatable. There were some days each week on which we had nothing for dinner except the meat itself. The biscuits were always thrown overboard. The same fate befell the salt jnnk, which we could not possibly eat. A MISERABLE FATE. As an instance of our treatment I will quote an incident. As a rule an orderly comes round each day to ask if there are any complaints. On the day in question the salt junk was simply putrid. The officer came round as usual and asked if there were any complaints about food. The messes all made complaints. I took notice of one mess in particular, whese the following dialogue took place:— Officer: Any complaints? 4t N.C.O.: Yes, sir. II Officer: What's the matter ? N.C.O. This meat is i n a state of decomposition. Officer (sniffiing): It's good enough. N.C.O. Why, the smell of it is enough for anyone without ever attempting to eat it. Officer (sulkily) It strikes me you know nothing about it. The steward, purser, doctor and captain of the day were then brought down to examine it. The steward sniffed it and pronounced it good, as did also the purser, Then the doctor, after some hesitation, suggested cutting parts of it of and said it would then be eatable, One gunner, a mess orderly, replied, You say its good. Well, I have been on the march in South Africa on a biscuit a day, and even at the worst if I was starving I would have laid down in a ditch and die rather than attempt to eat it if you had offered it me.' However, it was thrown overboard, and we did not receive anything in lieu thereof. Is it possible, if the meat had been at all eatable, that the men would have thrown it overboard, and referred going without any when the rations allowed them were so meagre ? The fact of an orderly coming round asking if there were any complairts became daily a process of unmeaning customary formality, from which we could obtain ho redress for our grievances. Just fancy receiving snch treatment after being seven months on the veldt in South Africa. We did not grumble at our short rations in the field when we knew the transport was difficult, but on board a ship, and going on another expedition, when we knew it possible, we expected better. "Some may ask what we did on the days when we thre-y the salt junk away. Simply this. On the days on which we were supplied with tinned meat, we used only one-third our allowance, retaining the remaining two-thirds in our possession for the days on which we knew the bad stuff was coming. Afterwards when an officer came round we told him we would make no complaints, but that we would not eat the meat. This was when the bad stuff was given up. ASTOUNDING PROCEEDINGS. At Hong Kong we were not allowed ashore after nearly being six weeks on board with insufficient exercise, and, as if to crown all, our comrades belonging to the companies stationed in Hong Kong prepared a good supper for us, obtained permission from the general commanding the station that we could land to partake of it. Imagine our disappointment when we found that privilege annulled by the officer commanding he siege-train in the Antilleau, ordering that we should not be allowed to leave the ship to enjoy the supper with our friends. But our comrades on shore, not to be outdone, prepared the supper, carried it from barrack down to the water, engaged a sampap (small boat), conveyed it to our ship, and a few of them carried it on board to us. We consumed it on the forecastle, the men declaring it to be the best meal they had had for nine months-viz., since leaving England The accommodation was also limited two-thirds of the ship was reserved for the officers and sergeants, who numbered in all about 50, roughly, and one-third for the rank and file, n.c.o.'s and men numbering about 500, and who have the fore part of the ship allotted them, with nowhere to sit and lie down during the day except on the dirty and rusty iron deck. We are also prevented from purchasing fruit from the small boats that come alongside, the latter are ordered away. Sentries are also placed on duty for the express purpose of prevent- ing us looking over the side of the ship. In fact, the men are being treated a little better than dogs instead of human beings, and this by their officers. And this is a unit of that British Army they are so fond of holding up to the remainder of the world as a model. It will only be just to say that since arrival in Hong Kong harbour and from thence during our voyage to Wei- hai-Wei our food has been better in quantity and quality."
Alpha's Notes. Now that the old Government will return to power again, what are they going to do further for us ? For the past few months the Khaki policy has had its turn. -:0:- We want something to alleviate our burdens at home now, such as solving the labour question, and social reforms. The labour question, especially in agricultural districts is a most seriour problem. -:0:- Large farmers cannot secure sufficient hands. Of course, this means personal loss, but before long the re-action will surely come, and shall effect the landowner. -:0:- The recommendations of the Land Commissioner have been ignored, the Land Court that would be the means of solving matters between landlord and tenant is not existing; therefore, fair rents and security of tenure cannot be obtained. o: With the aid of the former blessing a margin could be obtained with which farmers could afford to pay competent lands on their forms. But under the present circumstances, only the remnants of the community stay on the land. The intelligent workman, goes to flood the mining population where he gets the great wage. o: With security of tenure also various privileges would ensue, that are wholly unknown at present. But it is of no use crowing for security of tenure, when rents are too high for farmers generally to make ample returns for a decent livelihood, without mentioning profit. -:0:- Regarding the remarks I made in my notice in connection withe the Lampeter butter-factory not long ago, it should be stated that Lampeter town consumes twenty pounds of butter more or less daily and not weekly also that butter is packed in 561b boxes to be sent away and not 15lbs. -:0:- With low prices for butter from private dairies, it seems that the only way to main- tain the standard is in co-operation amongst farmers to erect factories. Let us hope, that progress will be made in this direction ere long.
Death of Mr W. J. Evans, Solicitor, Llandovery. OLDEST PRACTISING SOLICITOR. Y,6,000 LEFT TO HIS CLERK. The death is announced of Mr William Jones Evans, of Vron. The deceased gentleman, who was 85 years of ago and a bachelor, was admitted a solicitor in 1839, since which time he successfully practised at Llandcvery. He was believed to be the oldest practising solicitor in the Kingdom. Mr Evans was agent for the Llwynyworm- wood Estates for nearly 50 years, and a better agent and landlord never existed. The town of Llandovery and the vhole neighbhurhood mourns his loss, for he was highly respected by one and all. The death occurred on the 1st inst and the funeral, which was private, took place on Monday. The interment was at Llandingat Churchyard, and the only persons present were some of deceased's personal friends. We understand the persons principally benefited by the testator's will are Colonel H Davies-Evans, of Highmead (lord lieutenant of Cardiganshire), the Misses Williams, of Llwynhelig, Llandilo, and the testator's clerk, Mr John Rees, of Gloucester House, Llandovery. It appears Mr Rees had been Mr Evans' confidential clerk for the last 33 years, and all his friends in and out of Llandovery will be glad to know that the testator had left him by his will real and personal estate to the value of something like £ 6,000. We understand that the will also contains bequests in favour of the Car- marthenshire Infirmary, towards which institution the deceased gentleman had only recently given Y,100, the Solicitors' Bene- volent Association, and the National Schools of Llandovery and Mothvey.
WHITLAND. THE Rev Alderman William Thomas, Whitland, ex-chairman of the Welsh Con- gregational Union, has received pressing invitations from many quarters to publish a volume of his sermons in the vernacular, which will probabiy be shortly issued. The church at Whitland has volunteered to be jointly responsible with Mr Thomas for the expense. KIDWELLY. MUNICIPAL FLECTION.-The result was declared by the Mayor (Alderman Browne) on Thursday week, as follows :— J.Jones. 244 T. Gower 243 D.J.John 234 T. Beynon 233 Harris 232 W. Williams 229 T. Evans 218 W. Cole 184 The first four are elected, a gain of one seat for the Progressive party. LLANDOVERY. MUNICIPAL ELECTION.-The four retiring candidates were Messrs D T M Jones, solicitor, Thomas Roberts, grocer, Henry Havard, boot manufacturer, and Henry Vaughan Watkins, brewer, all of whom sought re-election except the last named gentleman. The new candidates were Mr William Rees, solicitor, and Mr Daniel Jones, coal merchant. The poll was declared at 9 o'clock on Thursday week, as follows: W. Rees 203 D. T. M. Jones. 197 I\ Roberta 190 j II. Havard i 1^3 Daniel Jones. 164
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A Free Church of England. WEIGHTY PRONOUNCEMENT BY THE BISHOP OF ST. DAVIDS. A DEMAND FOR CHURCH AUTONOMY. Bishop Owen on Friday made his primary visitation to the archdeaconry of St. David's Haverfordwest being the centre to which the clergy had been cited. Addresing the clergy at St. Mary's Church his Lordship continued that portion of his charge bearing upon Church reform which had been partly delivered at Brecon on Tues- day. He said that now they had seen that the reform of Church representation was the right starting point, and that the case for this reform was strong in reason, and backed by the weight of the highest autkerity, it would be well for them to look steadily at the other side and closely consider what could be said against a representative Synod of the Church. As far as he recollected the chief objections taken were four, of which two urged that it was impossible, first, because, the Church of England is established, and, secondly, because she cannot define a layman. The third objection was that it would always be dangerous because the introduction of the laity would tend to impar the authority of the bishops and imperil the independence of the clergy whilst the fourth objection (the most serious of the four) pointed out that it would be inopportune now because of the un- happy dissensions which at present troubled the church. Dealing with these objections in turn, his lordship asked why, because she is established, the Church could not have a representative Synod and a free constitution. When considering whether a free constitu- tion was in the nature of things possible for the Church, the main point was the funda- mental character of the British constitution all through its history. That fundamental character was beyond question the principle ef liberty-of that real, because reasonable, liberty which was only possible anywhere through just regard all round to all rights concerned. It was true enough—they were reminded of it every day—that the liberties of the Church were invaded by Henry VIII. That invasion of liberty was an accident of the Protestant Reformation, contrary to the main principle at the very ropt of that great and permanent advance of human thought in sacred things. Whatever else had to be said either in thankfulness or criticism, about the Protestant Reformation, it was safe to say that it was a forward movement for liberty in religion, which can never be put back. It was pertinent also to remember that the liberties of the Church were by no means the only liberties in England trampled under foot by that self-willed Tudor monarch. The accidents occasioned by the self will of Henry VIII did not change the genius of the British people, nor make the principle of liberty cease to be to^dijy as much as ever, to say the least of it, the ruling idea, of the British con- stitution. So, then, the State, with which the Church of England, as established, is con- stitutionally related, was above all things also a Free State, constitutionally free; and if they accepted what he had said before as to the influence of the character of either of any two things related upon the character of the other thing, it would not surprise them that the framers of the Magna Charta felt that there would have been a gap in their great charter, marring its character as a. whole, if they did not include among other formularies the historic phrase, Ecclesia Angiicana libera sit."—"The Church of Eng- land should be, free." The freedom of the State of England required that the Church should also be free. Nor would it surprise them that observers occupying a detached position had supposed that from time to time they saw symptoms gf liberty of thought in the Established Churches of both England and Scotland, which they did not observe in the same degree among non-established reli- gious bodies with all their other excellencies in these two countries. Whether that be so or not, and it was a point hard to settle, it was, he thought, a real matter of surprise, that eminent and honest thinkers should have somehow persuaded themselves that in a State, constitutionally free like ours, it was not impossible ine nature of things, as a matter of principle, for an Established church simply because she is established, t6 have a free constitution. For his own part, he could not see where the impossibility came in, as far as the nature of things was concerned. It might, however, be said, that speculation about the nature of things may be all very well in its place, but that it was not of much value in this country in practical poli- tics, which were governed by precedents of actual experience. Let them, then, turn to actual experience to look for a precedent, I and they would at once find a strong, clear, pertinent precedent under their own Parlia- ment, within their own generation, in the case of the Established Church of Scotland, which not only had a representative General Assembly, but ha dhad the power of this Assembly materially enlarged as recently as 1874. They asked for no more-just at pre- sent they were asking for a great deal less- for the Church of England. The Established Church of Scotland not only furnished a pre- cedent within actual recent experience that it wae possible for an Established Church to have a free constitution, but that it was also a very good thing for the Church, and, as far as he had ever heard, no harm at all, to say the least of it, to the State, which had really a great interest in its Established Chur ches doing their proper spiritual work as effi- ciently and smoothly as possible. Dealing with the second objection—that a representative Church Synod was impossible, because it is sai that the Church of England cannot define a layman, and that Parliament would never grant the Church a representa- tive Synod which did not provide for a pro- per representation of the laity-his lordship said that the Established Church of Scotland was quite as much established as their own, and she had defined a layman without any trouble with Parliament. In the case of Scot land Parliament did not entertain the absurd definition that a ratepayer, merely because he was a ratepayer, was a member of the Ss- tablished Churoh. Nor did it in the case of Scotland puzzle itself with the theory, never sound, though once venerable, which had now become through change of circumstances, no more than a paradox, viz., that every citizen of a nation was ipso facto, a member of the National Church. Why should Parliament be less sensible or less just in the case of the Church of England than in the case of the Established Church of Scotland ? The defini tion of a layman arrived at in Scotland was considered by very many to suggest a sensible principle of definition, viz., that a lay repre- sentative or member of the Synod must be a communicant, while any adherent," a term familiar to them in Wales, might be a lay elector. Of course, the Established Church of Scotland was a Presbyterian Church, while theirs was Episcopal, and that made a great difference in many ways between the two, so that they had to be careful in arguing from the one to the other. But as far as the parti cular point at present before them went the argument was quite sound. The fact that the Established -urch of Scotland had de- fined a layman proved this much, that it was not at all impossible in this country for an Established Church to define a layman simply because she was established. Scotland dis- posed of their first half of the difficulty over the layman let them now face the other half. Was there anything in their Churchman manship which mado it impossible for tkj Church of England 't define a layman ? That was the second half of the difficulty raised in their second obje tion. Just as they turn to another Church as established as their own to answer the first half of the objection so now let them in find an answer to the second half turn o other parts of that great expansion of thr Church of England known as the Anglican Communion found all over the world, not only in Ireland, Scotland, and our Colonies, but also in the United States of America. Outside England and Wales there belonged to their communions, 200 dioceses with ten synods, general and provincial, cor- responding to their own two Convocations, besides detached diocesan synods. Here they had, under a great variety of local circum- stances, Churchpeople just like themsleves, members of their own communion, with the bame three orders of the ministry, with sub- stantially the same Prayer Book, and with various schools of thought like theirs at home If there did exist any occult impossibility of defining a layman in some unspecified point of their common Churchmanship, then their brethren in other parts of. the communion, because their church principles were the same as his, would have failed to define him. What were the facts ? Had any part of their com- munion tried to define a layman and failed to do so ? No, of course not, they all knew. Not only was a layman defined throughout their communion outside England and Wales, but it was practically defined everywhere the same way, and it was very interesting to observe that with only two exceptions among 200 dioceses the definition was practically the same in principle as that of the Established Church of Scotland. Everywhere in their communion a lay representative, for general and provincial synods, must be a communi- cant. In all the 20 dioceses in their commu- nion outside England and Wales except two. ltupert's Land and Adelaide, adherents had votes. There was some latitude of interpre- tation in different places as to the precise meaning of the term "adherent," into which they need not then enter beyond mentioning that the majority of the dioceses of their communion adherent" meant, as in reland, a person declaring himself to be a member of the Church. It did not necessarily follow that it would be wise for them here at home, under their own circumstances, to adopt the definition of a layman adopted practically everywhere else within their own commu- nion. That must be a matter for careful con sideration in the light of all the experience _i gained elsewhere, and would come before them again in that diocese in due oourse. His only object that day was to show them from actual parallel experience of all the rest of their communion that there was noth- ing in their Churchmanship which made it impossible or even particularly difficult for them here in England and Wales to define a layman They might leave the two objections which alleged that a representative Synod was impossible by quoting the weighty pro- nouncement made by the Leader of the House of Commons in the House on April 12 at year in favour of giving to the sister Estab- lished Churches those liberties wh'ch the Scotch Established Church enjoys in the full measure." Mr Balfour would not bava made i that declaration if he had not felt sure that a representative Synod of the Chur n of Eng- land was, at any rate, quite possible His lordship announced that he would deal initli the last two objections at Carm, re leI on Wednesday. DEAN HOWELL'S PLEA FOR ST. DA"\ fD After the luncheon, held subsequently at the Masonic Hall, his Lordship, responding to the toast of his health, proposed by Sir Charles Philipps, expressed his sincere desire to be regarded as a true comrade by the clergy, and that their comradeship should foster that sympathy which which was foun- ded upon respect.—The Rev J. Morris, Nar- berth, having proposed the healths of the Dean and Chapter, Dean Howell in respond- ing, said that he wished that the visitation had been held at the old Mothor Church at St David's. They all knew perfectly well how much the impressiveness of sentiments and opinions and words depended upon the place where they were delivered, and his lord- ship's words if only delivered from the church of their patron saint, at St. David's would have acquired a power and prestige that they could hardly imagine (hear, hear, and laugh- ter) He ws perfectly aware that the remote- ness of St. David's and the convenience of the clergy might be pleaded, but. at the same time, he would humbly submit that it would be no greater inconvenience to the clergy of the archdeaconry to go to St. David than for the clergy of St. David's to come to Haverfordwest (hear, hear, and laughter). Moreover,, they would have the compensation of coming into contact with those holy blessed traditions of more than thirteen centuries of Church life and aspirations centred in Saint David's (hear, hear). It would help them also to see the work of restoration which was now going on in commenmoration of his revered predecessor, the late Dean Allen (hear, hear).—The Rev lorwerth Grey Lloyd. Cosheston, proposed the health of Chancellor Olltvant, which was responded to after which "The Archdeacon of St. David's and Rural Deans" was submitted by Canon W. Williams and acknowledged by Archdeacon Williams, who announced that he intended taking the first opportunity of removing from Lampeter Velfrey in order to reside within the confines of his archdeaconry.
Church and the Stage. ,C. SIR HENRY IRVING S REPLY TO THE CRITICS. Sir Henry Irving was entertained at supper on Thursday evening at the Arts Club, Man- chester (of which institution he is president), by the members. There was a large atten- dance, and Sir Henry had a very cordial welcome. In the course of his speech Sir Henry said —Manchester has for me the peculiar charm that every city must have for a man who found there the cradle of his ambition. There are not many of you left who helped to rock my particular cradle, and to administer those wholesome sla-ppings which alternate so agree ably with caresses in the experience of everv infant. But some of you are pretty old players, who have known me and my doings for many years, and yet I doubt whether it has ever occurred to you that I am one of the principal criminals of the age (laughter). I did not know it myself until I read the proceedings of a certain conference of clergy- men the other day. These divines were dis- cussing the stage and its manifold iniquities, and one of them declared that no Christian could play the part of the murderer without suffering moral deterioration." Well, I have imbrued my hands in so much blood on the stage that I am reduced to this painful dilemma-either my moral state is as bad as that of a real murderer, or I am no Christian And this divine, on the same occasion, de- clared that no morally unobjectionable play had a chance nowadays unless it were super- latively well acted. I acknowledge this gratefully as a very high compliment to Eng- lish acting, for it would be easy to name a considerable list of successful plays to which no sane objection on the score of morals could be made (hear, hear) Still another divine scoffed at what he called the cant of descri- bing the drama as a moral teacher. I should not make that claim on behalf of the drama I for its humble function is that of represen- ting life, and how are you to satisfy every- body that any given representation of life is conducive to morality ? Shakespeare saw life on a bigger scale than any other dramatist, and with an effect so perplexing to some moralists that one of them, a great writer, who was taken from us not long ago, de- clarod Shakespeare to have been divinely en- dowed with a total lack of conscience, in order that he might paint humanity exactly as it was. Where are you to put Falstaff in any scheme of moral teaching P (hear, hear). The pulpit must treat him as an old repro- bate, and yet Shakespeare had endeared him to mankind. It is an alarming paradox, and I do not venture to hazard any explanation for the benefit of diocesan conferences, except that the drama, even when it is not Shakes- peare, may sometimes take broader views of humanity than its censors, and sometimes force a lesson of charity that they are apt to i overlook. The drama may not be a moral teacher, but. do not let us give way to the dread that criticism of acting will teach us no more. The outlook for the stage, what- ever may be its anxieties, is not so cheerless as that (hear, hear).
Strong Testimony. THIS IS A STATEMhXT BY A CAR- MARTHEN WOMAN, AND WILL BEAR INYESTJG-AHON. If you doubt this" u I wish f,, it, you have got to go to so-ne far-off country, or even to anoth r town It is not a long story of someone iiv'ng in some obscure, unheard-of corner of the United Ki gdom. It is a clear and hones1: statement by a Carmarthen woman for the t endit of Car- marthen people. Mrs Ann Duiiels resi les at t, Cambrian Place, Carmarthen, vi,h,:rt- she is well-known and respected, She states :—" I Bill in my 79 h year. and fur a long while past I have suffered from backache pains, censed by my kidneys being ont of order. They were at limes very severe, and troubled me mostly when I stopped. I have also suffered from swellings of the lower ] aits of my body, and my health generally has not lie-n good. I have tried many remedies, and been under the doc'or's hands, but got no benelit. Oua day a neighbour told m a lot of good Doan's Backache Kidney Pills had done her, so I got a box f-om Williams in Guildhall Square, and after taking tLen I lost the pain in my back, the swelhug went down, and now I feel wonderfully well for a wonrm of illyagG." Signed, (Mrs ) Ann Daniels. Doan's Backache Kidney Piilss are sold by ail chemists and drug stores .1t 2". 9d. per box (six boxes 13s. 9d.), or sent din-et, post free, on receipt of price from the Proprietors, Fost Ian & Co., 57, Sh>e Lane, London. If you have symptoms of any kidney trouble write usaooutit fully. We will Le glad td reply. Y As the Pills are not purgative you can take them without interfering wi h your work. And be sure you ask for the s ame pills that Mrs Daniels had.
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Nature's Own Remedy. There is only one First" in a race, and it is acknowledged, without doubt that Gwilym that Gwilym Evans' Quinine Bitters is The Remedy of the Age for Weakness, Nervous- ness, Indigestion, Loss of Appetite, Impure Blood, Chest Affections, Low Spirits, and Influenza. This Remedy of World-wide Fame strengthens that part of the system which is weakest or has been weakened by disease, and therefore, more liable to Colds and their attendant ailments, it purifies the blood and stimulates the circulation, assists and promotes digestion, and improves the appetite, it braces the nerves and fortifies the muscles, rouses the sluggish liver and thus enlivens the spirits, it removes all im- purities and obstructions from the human body, and gives tone to the whole system. Gwilym Evans' Quinine Bitters, The Vege- table Tonic, is purely vegetable; and suitable to all ages, from the infant to th& adult, and confidently recommended to those who lipve to devote themselves to study and and brain work, to all who work long hours in close rooms, to those who breathe impure air, and all who have to stand exposure of the weather. If given a fair trial of its efficacy and merit, unanimously declared to be the Best Remedy of the Age. Gwilym Evans' Quinine Bitters is sold in bottles at 2s 9d., and 4s 6d each, or in cases containing three 4s. 6d at 12s 6d. per case. Should any diffi- culty be experienced in procuring it, the Proprietors will forward for the above prices carriage free. Beware of Imitations. See the name Gwilym Evans on Label, Stamp and Bottle. This is important. Sole Pro- prietors Quinine Bitters Manufacturing Company, Limited, Llanelly, South Wales.
Kyesight. EXPERTS AND LORD WOLSKLEY'S THElINY. In the speech w'd-jii Lord Wos ]: y de- livered at Mr m Churchill's i on Tuesday he sail. From t!it/:r eaflios child- hood the Bo-rs lived in thn air ihey read little, having fw hooks, their eves weie not hint by The ^1 Mri.r-a.>d other ,s;r-ng artificial lights, and thus thev had the enormous advantage over all civilised rna< s that, s.-e b, tilt-r, shoot bel e ¡ So confidently did Lord Woseley speak that a "Morning Leader" repres nt iti^e io get the opinioll d an expert on the damaging > ff ct of town lif upon the eyes Mr McBa'iusn one of thy house surgeons dt the Oplrhalmic Hospi'a', said there was no doubt that people who live in the country had proportiontit-ly better eve- sight than those who iived in towns. As regards the effects of artificial light upon the eyes," he observed, 4< wlum we treat a patient here or she is specially en- j uinod not to work by artificial light, so I suppose that that more or Lss speaks for itself. Tile great danger in working by artificial light is for the glare to fall st-aight upon the eyes. The light should be so shaded as to fall only upon the pap^r." Mr Brad, nell Carter thinks that townbred children do nIt- got enough piactice, that they only get the street to look across, and no oppor unity uf seeing long distances. -;¡ÏIi¡
I A Cruel Mistress. The extraordinary brutality to her servant charged against Mrs Fanny Cranstone, the wifo of an elderly builder at Paddington, was conclusively closed oil Thursday week Alice Oorn'sh, the ili-used domestic, and told the Court a week pre- viouPiy how Mrs Cranstone ou two separate occasions heat her with a poker, a brush handle, and a th'.cii stick. The mistress had :dso banged the girl's head ou the floor. It was soughr in cross-examination to pr. ve lhat the gTl had merited s-ome punish uient because ol her stupid behaviour. Mrs uranstone's step-daughter, however, des- cribed the girl as very willing and well- behaved. The j.dmission was made by Af i Freke Palmer, who defe; d- d. that his client had done much she ought not to have done, She was a very young woman with a hasty tem- per, and oad struck the girl be ause she did not obey her. The fact that Alice Cornish was a friend- less orpnari. snd Mr Curtis Bennett, ought to have commended her to the defendant's aro. Her condoct to the giil however, had been most brutal and inhuman. He was continued she had beaten the servant with a poker ss well as a stick and a brush. People have no right to ill-treat those in their employ," the magistrate continued, and 1 shall1 be failing in my duty if I did not mark my seuse of your brutal conduct by sentencing you ta one month's hardiabour on the tirst summons and two months on the second, to run consecutively, Sobbing aloud, the defendant entreated the magistrate not to s.-nd bar to prison. Her counsel applied that she should be placed ia the second division, but the application was refused.
L L A G ENTD E t it N E. Bankkfospklkn School—1 he report of the S riptaie examination recently held in this school by the húvd D Williams, B.A., vicar of this parish, and the Key W T Francis, of Llangendeirne has come to hand and is as follows — We have examined the children of this sdlool in portions of the Old and New Testament, and the results of the examination were most satisfactory. Con- sidering this was the first examination in Scripture, the way in which the children acquitted themselves reflect much credit upon the the schoolmaster, teachers, and scholars. Examiners—W T Francis Daniel Williams, B.A.
LLANGUNNOR. LLAXGUXXOR SCHOOL BOARD.-The usual monthly meeting of this Board was held at Login School on Wednesday evening, the 18th ult, when the following members wero present :—Mr Evan Thomas (chairman), Rev Geo Evans, Mr John Rees, and Mr B. Phillips. After the minutes of the previous meeting had been confirmed, a letter was read from the Carmarthen Rural District Council requesting the Board to provide an efficient supply of water for the use of the children a: Philadelphia Board School. After some discussion it was resolved, upon the motion of the Rev Geo Evans, seconded by Mr 13 Phillips, that the Board comply with the request, and that the Clerk be directed to write to the Rural District Coun- cil to that effect, and to further state that tbe matter is having their attention. A receipt was issued to the Rating Au'horities for the sum of £ 60 pounds to meet the Expenses of the Board up to March next. CLARKE S B 41 PILLS are warranted to cura in eitlnr sex, all acquired or Constitutional Uis'-harpes from the Urinary Organs, Gravel and Pains in the back. Free from Mercury. Established upwards of 30 years. In boxes. 4s 6d each, of all liemists and Patent Medicine Venders throughout tbe Woi id, or Pent for sixty stamps by the makers, the Lincoln and Midland Counties Drug Company' Lincoln.