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Carmarthen Board of Guardians.

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Carmarthen Board of Guardians. FORTNIGHTLY MEETING AT THE WORKHOUSE. The usual fortnightly meeting of tho Car- marthen Board of Guardians was held at the Board-room on Saturday. Mr D. L. Jones, Derlwyn, presided. There were also present: Mrs R. M. Thomas and Miss Hancocke, Carmarthen; Miso Gwyn, St. Ishmael; Miss Skyrme, St. Clears Rev W. Thomas, Carmarthen Messrs John Griffiths, Abernant; David Thomas and John Thomas, Conwil J. R. John, Laugharne; S. Stophons and \V. J. Thomas, Llanaithney W. S. Morse, Lland^wke; John Davies, Llanddarrog T. Roes, Llandefeilog David Thomas, Llanfihangel; William Williams, Llaugain; T. Edmunds and Herbert Howells, Llangendeirne J. T. Williams, Llanginning; Herbert Gnfhthy, Llangunnor; E. Daniel, Llanllawddog; E. Jones, IJlau- pumpsaint; G. Barret Evans, Llanstephan John Phillips, Llanwinio; David Evans, Merthyr; John Anthony, Mydrim; David Evans, Newchurch; Theo. Howelis and John S. Williams, Trelech; J. Patagonia Lewis, Jonathan Phillips, and Thomas Thomas, Carmarthen. STATE OF THE HOUSE. The Master (Mr E. Price) reported that Mrs Harriet Lewis and her two sons had absconded on the 6th inst. There were 100 iumates in the house, as compared with 103 on the corresponding day last year. 98 tramps had visited the house during the fortnight. OUTDOOR RELIEF. The statistics furnished by tho relieving officers showed tho condition of out-door rolief during the fortnight ending on the previous Board-day to have been as follows: -1st week 1,074 persons relieved, being a doctease of 97 as compared with tho corres- ponding week of last year; expenditure, £ 138 2s 6d, being a decrease of £ 3 4s 7d. 2nd week 1,071 relieved, at a cost of £ 133 8s 6d, being a decrease of 94 in the number of recepients, and of £ 1 lis 9d in tho expenditure. TREASURER'S REPORT. The report of the Treasurer showed that there was Y,2,977 6s 8d to the credit of the Board on the previous Board-day. VACCINATION LAW. A letter was read from the Secretary of the Anti-Vaccination League, asking the Board to pass a resolution opposed to the principle of the Bill now before Parliament, which would givo officers the power to inititiate prosecutions for breaches of the Vaccination Laws without consulting the Board of Guardians, as at present. Mr Thomas Thomas said they all re- membered the fearful outbreak of small-pox at Gloucester Ho thought they ought to do all in their power to enforce the observance of the Vaccination Law. The Clerk said that in that case Mr Thomas Thomas would oppose the adoption of the resolution proposed by the Anti- Vaccination League. At present the prose- cutions had to be ordered by the Guardians; and in some districts the Guardians who were not so enlightened as in Carmarthen declined to sanction prosecutions. The Bill which was at present before Parliament would tend to an enforcement of the law, as it would give the officers power to insti- tute prosecutions on their own authority Mr Thomas Thomas proposed then that they pass a resolution in favour of the Bill. This was seconded by the Chairman, and carried nem. con. PROPOSAL TO DIVIDE THE BOARD. Mr Thomas Thomas proposed that in future the Board bo divided into two committees, for the purposes of relief only. The two committees could sit in the same room, and if any member wished he could take part in discussing a case before the other committee. lIe was not personally interested in the matter; he lived near the Workhouse, and ho could stay there a week if necessary. But lie knew that the country guardians camo in to attend to the business of the Board, and also to their own and they were not able to attend to their own when they were kept late at the meeting of the Guardians. It was to be remembered, too, that the District Council met after the Board of Guardians, at 1.30 p.m., and it was at that hour on the last occasion when the meeting of tho Guardians terminated. He had heard it said that if this motion were carried, that the St. Peter's guardians would have it all their own way. He thought that the guardians had more con- fidence in one another than that, whether they came from St. Peter's, St Clears, or anywhere else. Mr G. Barrot Evans, iu seconding the motion, said he understood that such a system had been in voguo at that Board before, and had worked satisfactorily. They were there anxious to do their duty, but it was very difficult to attend both meetings undor the present system, when the District Council began again at 1.80 p.m. It was also to be remembered that they gave much more time to the service of the public than they used to. They now had to attend the meetings of the District Council to do work which was formerly discharged by the Sanitary Committee and the Highway Board. 0 J Mr William J. Thomas moved a direct negative. He did so (he said) because he thought the proposed system would be no improvement on the present, and would cause dissatisfaction among the ratepayers. The Board could not be divided in the manner proposed without the consent of the Local Government Board, which seemed to imply that it was an arrangement only intended as a makeshift for exceptional cases like those of large Boards, where there were immense relief-lists to be gone through. He did not see that the relief-lists occupied such a very long time. That morning they had only occupied 1 hour 25 mins. It might be better to begin business half-an-hour later (at 11 o'clock), so as to unable members to finish their own business in town beforo coming to the Board. The natural results of tho motion would be to have one committee dealing with the town cases and the other with the country. That day the town cases had occupied 40 miiis. and tho country 4.5 mins. To have two committees going on in tho room, and applicants being examined by Guardians at the samo time would creato a perfect Babel (laughter). The greatest possible disorder would thus prevail. He did not in any way cast any suspicion on the town guardians. lie had been a member of the Board for three years, and had never found any of the members incliuod to show any partiality. In regard to the principle of the working of the Common i und, ho quoted (from memory) from Mr Bircham's report: One of the main objects of the formation of unions is to give every guardian of whatover parish an equal voice in the administration of relief in return for the contribution of his parish towards the Common Fund The rich parish assists the poor, and iu return each guardian has an equal voice in deciding in what manner relief shall bo given." There were 27 country parishes which contributed towards the town of Carmarthen, and vice versa. Thus each guardian had an equal voice in the distribution of relief In all the parishes. The present system had hitherto worked in a highly satisfactory manner; and he opposed the introduction of a new methol which would not give satisfaction to tho ratepayers of any parish in the Union. Mr David Thomas, Llanfihangel, seconded. The members voted as follows :— For the motion Messrs T. Pugh, J. R. Johu, AV. S. Morso, Thomas Thomas, Herbert Howells, J. F. Williams, G. Barret Evans, Thomas Edmunds, and the Rev W. Thomas—9. Against the motion Messrs David Davies, John Thomaa, Stephen Stephens, W. J. Thomas, John Davies, David Thomas, William Williams, Herbert Griffiths, Evan Daniel, Evan Jones, John Anthony, David Evans, Miss Skyrme, Miss Gwyn, Mrs R. M. Thomas, Miss Hancocke, Messrs Theo Howolls, J. S. Williams, J. P. Lewis, and Jonathan Phillips—20. The motion was, therefore, lust.

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