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St. David's Church, Carmarthen,I…

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Carmarthenshire County Council.

Technical Instruction Committee.

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Emigration. The January Circulars of the Emigrants' Information Office, 31, ri oadway, Westminster, S.W.,—and the annual penny handbooks show the present prospects of emigration. There is 110 demand for anyone in Canada at this season of the year, except for domestic servants. The routes to the new Klondike gold fields are now closed by ice, and will not be again open till May: explorations of the various Passes are now being made, and it is expected that the best routes will be known shortly. The latest details will be given in subsequent editions of the Circulars. Persons going there, should leave England not later than in March or April, but only those who are strong experienced miners or men accustomed to prospecting for minerals in wild and unsettled countries, and have at least £ 300 for journey and food, should think of going all others are strongly warned against going there. In New South WalSs there is no demand for more labour, and many workmen at Sydney are unable to find employment the number, however, of the unemployed, both at Sydney and in country districts, is now much less than it has been in previous years. The strike of gold miners at Lueknow, which lasted for several weeks, is now over. Coal miners at Newcastle have been busy. Reports from Melbourne, Ballarat, and other towns and districts in Victoria state that there is no demand for more labour gold miners, however, have been busy. According to the report of the Chief Inspector of Factories for 1896, which has just been issued, the number of factories in that year was the largest on record, but the number of employees was 7,000 less than in 1890, though larger than in any of the intervening years, except 1S91 the largest 0 increases in the nvmber of employees were in the following classes of trade :-Clothing dresses and millinery, foundries, furniture, printing and stationery, and shirts. The Wages Board, acting under the authority of the Factories and Shops Acts, has fixed the minimum wage to be paid to adult males in the boot trade at 7s 6d per day of eight hours, and that to females of 18 years of age and upwards at 20s per week of 48 hours. A similar Board, appointed to fix wages in the clothing trade, has decided that the minimum wage paid to male tailors, trimmers, pressers, and machinists engaged in the manufacture of ready-made clothing should be 7s 6d per day of eight hours, and that of tailoresses and female machinists over iS years of age should be 3s 4d. The vine- growing industry—for which Victoria is I admirably suited by nature-is now in a very depressed condition, owing to the low prices offered for the wine, and the general want of I co-operation among the wine producers. In South Australia there has been a remarkable revival in gold-mining during the last year or two the total yield of gold is b still small, but it was nearly four times as large 1896 as it was in 1095. There is no demand for more mechanics or farm labourers. Queensland has been suffering for some time past from the tick plague which has seriously damaged the cattle industry, and from drought, which has been prevalent throughout Australia. From these causes the demand for labour has been small, but the numerous railway and other works, which are now in progress, are helping to provide labourers with work. An agricultural college has been recently established under Government at Gatton, where students may learn farming for a small fee, and other steps are being taken to promote agricultural settlement. The progress of gold mining, and other branches of the mineral industry, has been very satisfactory. In agricultural districts there is a demand for good plough- men and farm hands. The sugar industry is in prosperous condition, and there are excellent openings for farmers with a little capital, after they have acquired some little experience of the country. In Western Australia there is a good demand for carpenters, bricklayers, and other mechanics a large number of public works are being carried out by the Govern- ment, which provide work for artizans, navvies, and other labourers. Saw-mill hands have been very busy in the timber districts, and some of the gold fields have been in want of experienced miners domestic servants are much needed. In Tasmania the important saw-milling industry of the Huon district in the south- west of the colony has greatiy improved of late, and work has been brisk. A repor from the mining town of Zeehan, on thet west coast, states There is a good demand for conntry carpenters, and a fair one for blacksmiths good miners can always get work." In New Zealand, the building, engineering, boot, and clothing trades lieve been well employed lately in most of the large centres aud smaller country towns but the supply of local men has been generally sufficient. There were 4.500 more hands employed in factories in 1896 7 than in the previous year and the applications for assistance by the unemployed were much less numerous. Compositors, however, have not been so busy, and many have been out of work. Large numbers of persons continue to arrive in Cape Colony from England and Australia, and many find much difficulty in getting work. In the case of any local demand arising, it is readily supplied by men from Johannesburg (Transvaal) and other parts of South Africa, where the labour market is overstocked. Speaking generally, there is at the present time no demand for anyone in the Colony except thoroughly skilled mechanics inexperienced hands will find great difficulty in getting work. Farmers in Natal, as in other parts of South Africa, have experienced great losses from rinderpest. There is very little demand for more labour in the Colony, and many persons at Durban have been unable to find employment. Felllak emigrants are strongly warned to I ZD use the utmost caution in regard to advertise- ments in the United Kingdom offering them situations at high wages as domestic servants, barmaids, &c., at Johannesburg, in the Transvaal.

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