][.r EDITORIAL. No ono, who has watched the progress of events at Llanboitiy during the last geiiora- tion, and has observed how closely the prosperity of that" model village is bound up in the maintenance of the traditions of the Maecgwynno iarniiy, CHU experience any other foiling thau that of tho most genuine satisfactton at the announcement; that Mr G. P. lloeh has accepted tho secretaryship of tilE; local Agricultural Society. Mr W. R. H. Poweli, the c>nroiy member, kept the society in the foiefront by the manner jiJ which he supported ir. On his death, his daughkr Miss Caroline M. PuweH- stepped into his place, and until she was suddenly snatched from the scene proved herself worthy to wear the mantle which had fallen on her. When she died, those who knew not the bfÏ of which i I; Maos>wyune family is made, thought that the L'anbouly Agricultural Society was dead also. But they were mistaken. Mr G. P. Roch —the grandson of tho iate Mr W. 1? H. Powell— only attained his majority a few weeks ago, but he has shown such a readiness to follow in the footsteps ot hf-i predecessors that the inhabitants of Lbnboidy and neighbourhood d, may with confidence look forward to the best traditions of tho family being steadily maintained—and, indeed, receiving a fresh access of life and vigour at the hands of tho present representative of him, whose name is stiil uttered with the deepest respect in West Curmai theiisliire. TiiE Rating Amendment Bill, which the Whit'and 11:> v.ii Distr ict Council will con- sider at tlie:i* next mooting, is a most beneficent piece of legislation. To whom, however, t'ie benelifc will g) is a matter which requires very careful consideration. There are two parties to be considered—the poor farmer and the very poor Iandiord. Half tho ra-e, will bo remitted on land and it t::kes a profound ignorance of the methods of some landlords to make anyone imagine that the proprietor is going to stand by and see the farmer consume the legislative loaf, without his making an elfort to get a pretty good slice for himself. la most cases—in spite of the hard times—tho tenants have not had their rents reduced. They have only had temporary "abatements." If a landlord is of such a generous character that he will continue to give the same abatements after tho pas-,ing of this Bill, it will un- doubtedly be a very good measure fur his tenants. If, however, the landlord is a man who will say Oh, 3Tou are well off now, and need no abatement," it will bo a very good Bill—f<;v the landlord. In fact, it lies entirely in the discretion of tho landlords as to whether the Bill will be of benefit to them or to the tenants. Human nature requires to be pretty strong to decide against one's self. And even landownei's are human. AN "INTOLERABLE STRAIN"—"WITH A VENGEANCE. M'lt. THOMAS ELLTS, in his recent speech at Penartli, very forcibly drew atten- tion to the character of the Education Bill, which is now engaging the attention of the House of Commons. The Bili does nothing less than place a premium upon educational inefficiency. Political economists tell us that indiscriminate almsgiving is the best method of encouraging pauperism and if there is anything calculated to encourage managers to keep their schools in a hope- lessly wretched condition, it is the conviction that as long as tho school is kept in a necessitous state, that it will receive an extra grant of 4s per head. Here is a line incentive to clerical pauperism Become efficient and your are fined 4s per head! Then again—whatever may have been the faults of School Boards—the local administration of the Education Act will be handed over to a body of men who will have no qualifications whatever for the work. In a country district there is no doubt that, at times, it is a matter of difficulty to find men who will make good useful members of the School Board. But what is the position of affairs proposed by the Bill ? The Town Council or the County Council—as the case may be—will be entrusted with the adminis- tration of the Elementary Education Act. Now Town Councillors and County Councillors are fleeted because they are— supposed to bo—able to deal with water schemes, sanitation, and matters of a similar character. lite know what wretched failures many of them are Well, the electors will in future—if the Biil is pnssp.Il-have to find men who are experts 0:1 water and hygiene L' and in addition capable of wrestling with the educational difficulty. If it is difficult to fin(I a good Town Council candidate and difficult to obtain a good Schod Board candidate, what shall we say of the chance of the electors obtaining the services of a class of men in whom are combiued tho essential qualifications of both ? Any stick, however, is good enough to beat a dog %til and any cord is good enough for a priest- hood to strangle popular liberties with. So much for the blows dealt at Board Schoe-ls and let it bo remembered that any argu- ment used against the authority of the popularly elected School Boards can just as well be used against the popularly elected Town Councils, the popularly elected County Councils, or the popularly-elected House of Commons. Let those who cavil at repre- sentative government waste no words in beating about tho bush but tell us at once that they wish to return to a reign of autocratic Priestisin. But, on the other hand, the 11 voluntary schooh" will be bolstered up in fine style. The 17s Gd limit will be abolished; they will receive exactly the same grants as the schools which are the property of the rate- t, payers. Tit y will get. the 4s outdoor relief tor being necessitous and—although they are p;irate propetty—they will be exempted from rate. Now let us see where tho <l intolerable Etrnin" somes in. The school which is supported by public money is the property of the vicar. He uses it for Primroso League meetings, Church Dotence meetings, and various little parochial gatherings. If it were under the control of the public who pay for it, the the good vicar would have to build or rent a Parish Hail. Jf Non-churchmen wish to hold a meeting, they cannot use the build- ing for the support of which they are taxed. There certainly is an "intolerable strain" here. Can any "conscience clause" reconcile the minds of Nonconformist parents to sending their children to be educated in in such a depot of Toryism? Then again, the Vicar has similarly full control over the teacher. In how many parish es in England and Wales bus the teacher to act as organist, as choir-master, as Sundaj'-School Superintendent, as Secretary of the Church This-and-that Society: and as general parochial whipper-in. The officials of the National Union of Teachers can tell. For doing ail this the teacher is paid ont of public money The Vicar has the scrvie s of a general factotum and the use of a public hall and with true sacerdotal meanness thinks it an intolerable strain" that he should have to find a fractional port of their cost The Compromise of 1870 has t'ücn repudiated by tho anti-educationalists and let the present Bill be pa-sed and the ever- open mouth of the Establishment will still for "more." No compromise is possible with a gieedy and needy Clericalism. A compromise in such a case is merely a postponement of the attempt at the realisation of their hopes.
carmarijien Borough Police Court. MOXDA Y.- Before the Mayor (Mr H Brunet White, the Grang-e) Mr vV. Morgan Griffiths, Lime Grove and Mr T. E. Drigstocke, King- ttrcefc. CIVIL WAR IN CAM BRIAN-PLACE. Solina Divivr., 15, Cumbrian-place, preferred a charge of «?,$.•, nit against two of her neighbours — Mary Evans hnd Rachcl Phillips (" Rachel — Mary Evans also took oat a cr<;3»-smn:uoos against the complainant. The Complainant said thr.t the defendant E tiji, lived two or three doors below her. Ou Tuesday aboul -1 p.c: Lilt3 was out washing, and was called to attend to the child. Defendant then ran out after putting her finger to her nose, acted in a peculiarly indecent manner. Defendant then eaid she won'd fetch "Rachel Twin" to tl-, the complainant. Rachel Twai turned up. aud uuld have done damage but that other people interfered and prevented her. Both the defendant and Rachel Twm were drunk Defendunt was always threa'einug to put a stone in complainant's head, end was always calling her bad names—Com- plai uant then wtnt on to tell a long rigmarole as to a dispute which had taken place because the defendant had done some washing for her on the occasion of the last domestic event in her family thec had been some ill feeling about the amount paid for Me soap and blue. Jaue Woods, a spinster, of Bridge-street, gave corroborative evidence. Sergt Hurries gave evideaco as to hisboiuj cnllcd to the ecenc, and complaints being made to him. Mmy Evans then went into the box aud gat-e evidence. She said that the complainant ;.Lad thrown a jug of wafer over ner child. Defendant then toll her that she would uot, allow her to carry on like that, bat that aha would put a ston to it. The e'e*o,n-year old daughter of the previous witness then went into the box, and corroborated her mother's cvidcnce. The Bench lined Mary Rvans Is and 7s 6d costs and Rachel Phillip? Is and Gs Gd costs. The cross summons was dism'ssed. eaGEr, iT TO A HORSE. Inspector Baaford, KS P CA., charged Charles Frost, cattle dealer, Llandovery, with cruelty to a horse. The police also preferred a charge of drunkenness against the same person. John Lewis Thomas, Waunllaue-ucliaf, New- church, said I remember the 7th April. About p.m. I wrs coming from the Rose and Crown, Lammas-street, riding a cart mare. As I was passing the Plough I ea-v the defendunt. lie struck the mare I was riding with a stick across the hind quarters the stroke raised a swelling on the nnirnsl. P C. Thomaa Jucob Thomas gave corroborative evidence, lie also proved the defendant to have been drnnk. Mr W. Morgan Griffiths said it was a very common habit of people in fairs to strike and beat animals whom they were examining. The Bench however, were determined to put it down. Inspector Booford said he did not press for a penally in this particular case but he merely asked the Boneh to show that they were determined to put a stop to the prnctioo. Defendant was fined 2s 61 and coats for cruelty and Is and costs for the drunkenness. SUNDAY DRINKING-WHERE TilE SHOE I PINCHED ? Thomas Thomas, bntchor's labourer, Gl, St. Catherine-street, was charged with drunkenness. P.C. William Davies said that on the 19th of April (a Sunday) he saw the defendant drunk in Water-street, at 5.20 p.m. Defendant was also seen drunk in Catherine street at 0 50. Doienlant said he had not been -'so very drunk." He had beoa up all night fetching a hor(' from X J\vC'ü3tle- E:.n1 yo and hid boot had been squeezing him (laughter) The Mayor said that the Bmch were determined to put but as the defen- dant had never been up before, they would be lenisnt with him. He would be fined Is and costs, TUESDAY,—Before the Mayor CUr II Brunei WhÎLe. The Grange), and Mr Howell Howelh. Pontcarreg. TWO BOLD PIRATES ON THE TOWY. BOARDING THE "DOROTHEA." John Hughes, c, a native of Rjsolven, Glamorganshire, and Thorn",s Morris, a native of Newbridge, Monmouthshire, wv-re charged with l&iccuy. Morris -,vi-.s also charged with assault. Both defendants are "old hands" of tho Car- marthen Miiit;a Artillery. Robert Roberts, Carnarvon, master of the schooner •• Dorothea," ihcu at tho Carmarthen Quay, id he recognised the two men in the dock. He PRW them on deck with a militiaman in uniform just about hslf-au-hour after midnight on Sunday night. Witness was below at tho time, but went up when he heard them. Hughes asked for a shirt; witntss said he had no shirt to give him, and that all he had ou board was locked up. He asked the two defendants to go ashore quietly They refused to do so. lie was half-an-hour arguing with the three; and got rather afraid of them. He thought it best to allow them to go and lie down iu the forecastle they promised to be quiet if he allowed them. He awoke the two lads who were fileep in the forecastle to let them know that. lie hzAJ the meu to com,) on board. He wa-s, however, called np in haif-au-hour by the mute, who complained of the manner in which the men ivece carrying 0::1. Witna-s, therefore, went ashore, and fetched P S Jones and P.C. Phillips. He then found that the men had gone. He next saw the two men in the Square and Compass in Water-street.. He did not tr>ink Morris was very soher at the time. Witness had been coming t,) Carmarthen for the 1 15 years for Mr Charles Jones and he hal always been treated we!l by the Carmarthen people heforo. E/an E/ans (iti), C irns.rvo'1, one of t"io craw of the Dorothea," s!A;,] he had been sleeping in the forecastle when the captain woke him up he then th < two dofanlants an 1 a militiaman. Morris struck John Party wuh his fist. Morris had been going through Parry's pockets locking for tobacco for a I- ei,e,v and Parry said he had not go", one Parry then jtimoad £C,Hn his bed a:i i die c ip'aiu. Toe mate cam) back to the foroeiitle wo o P,-trry-, th 1 mats vent out again an 1 it was then that Morris hit, Parry. T e men then went up on deck and ivent away. Witness found in iho morning that the cap and mnfiler which ho had left in the forcer,stla were gone. John Parry, a -or nr\;r on board th" Dorothea," spoke to the captain waking him up, and telling him that he had allowed tiu three in n to come into the forecastle The next thins he saw was Morris going through the p. ckots of his coat Morris asked for a chew of tobacco witness said that he had no: got any. \Yi;ne:-8 then went and told the captain, v> bo went ashore for the police. He then went forward with the mate, who told the men to keep quiet. After the mate went away. Morris struck witness a clous on the face." Morris struck witness three or four times until he was bleeding at tli,3 nose. Witness identified the two reels of otto:i proluccd. They were on the shelf above his bunk when he turned in he misled them in the morning. P C. Burnhill paid About lOA,) a m. on Monday, from information received, I went in company P.S. and John Parry, and saw the defendants in Water-s'root. They were identified by the boy Parry. I arrested them, and charged them with stealing a cap, a handkerchief, and two reels. I also cba-ged Morris with assaulting Parry. They made uo reply. They were searched at the police-station. I found the cap and the two reels ou IIu<:hes. Bo:h were s* weil in beer." Ilnghes hsd changed the cap on to hi- he n] by the time he had got to the poli.;e station, lIe hud it in his pocket before he had three caps altogether, Both priconers elected to be dealt with summarily. For the defence, they called, I Taul Tinnuci, a collier, who said he had given the two reels and the etip oat of his pack to the defen- dants at Llanedy. He had given them to the defendant Hughes to sew ou buttons. lie was afraid Hughes would lose n button on the road. lie had been on tramp with the defendant. Cross-examined by Supt Smith I have known the defendants off and on for three cr four years we have been at the militia training together. Hughes said he bad told the police at the time he was I that the articles belonged to Paul Tin. ilei. P.C. litiri-ilill said that :.he defendant had Eot made any statement of the kind.—P Harries corroborated. The Mayor said the Bjnrh considered the case clearly proved. Defendant would hnvo fourteen days imprisonment each for the larceny; and Morris would have an extra 11 dnys fcr the n ul t. A CORRECTION. We much regret thit, through an easily-explainc-d error we shcuid have represented in our account of the Borough Police Court last week that Mr John Lewis, of the Faleoll I P. n, had been summoned for keeping pigs within a certain distance of his d welling house, and had been otdered to pay the costs of the case. Mr John Lewis was Dot one of those who were so dealt with. He was amongst those whe were charged with a technical breach of the bye-Jaw requiring p:oper receptacles to be provided for manure. That case was proved by the Inspector of Nuisances, Mr John Morgan and tho rcntter was adjourned for a fortnight, in order to givo Mr Lewis time to carry out the necessary -itie arrangements. Th3 error was of a purely c'crical character—Mr John Los-is, of the Falcon inn, I being confused with Mr David Lewis, the New lUll-who was the gentleman thus charged, and jocularly recommended by Mr Morgan Griffiths to pay 6s 8d for a solicitor's advice.
Carmarthen Volunteer Company. ANNUAL DINNER AT THE BOAR'S HEAD HOTEL. PATRIOTIC AND BELLIGERENT SPEECHES. A WORD ABOUT THE DRILL HALT. The rrnual Volunteer dinner was lieM at the Boar's Head Ilotei, C'nn:lt;1\;n. ou F'¡ll,y (the 24th insi). Mayor C'fr H. Brunei White) occupied the chair. There were also present:— Captain Turner, Lieutenant; Keone, Quaiter- Maeter Wiliiams, Captain Buckley Roderick, Lieutenant A O Norton, Lieutenant James John, IL. C G Browne, Rev A F Mills, together with the majority o? the members uf the corps, and a 'argo a»U3ter ct Chilian friende. The dinner, which was caterpd it Mrs Cave's test style, having beeu duly di3posed of, "THE QUEEN." The Coairmn proposed the tiast cf The Queen," which was received with musical orders, the solo being taken by Mr E. Cjlby Evans. OUR PRINCE. The Chairman, in prorosing thi toast of the "Prince an J Pdnccsa of Wales aDd the rest of the Royal Fdmiiy "said that they had endeavoured to get the Prince to come through Carmarthen on his way from Aberystwith. If ho had only been at the station, Carmarth-n would have been thsre to give him t). hearty welcome (applause).—.This toast was also drunk with musical honours. THE CLERGY AND MINISTERS. Secant II. J. Jonoj said he had a toast to prnpco^, to which, he felt certain, they would all readily respond. I: was to his mind the most important toast on the iist, since the gentlemen to whore they we e d ling that h'. nour were gentlemen, whose influence we lelt all the days of otir lives. If they were not the first professional gcntlerren with whom WJ came in contract when we were ushered into ti.e world, they were c-rtainly the sfcond. Ihey were with us when we are married tnty were with us in our social circles thev were with us at the festive board they were with us when we had run our race, tg fes that tie -were carried out and buried decently. They were always glad to see the '■ Bishop' clergy, and ministers of fall denominations present at gatherings of this kiuci (applause). It gave him great pleasure to propose t,;ie toast, and he was ^!ad to see two lepreaentaiive gentlemen present to respond. One cf these who would respond was the hIghly csteemtd cha; lain connected with the corps. They all regained very hig':l)' the good work which the c.ergy and minsters of all dfuinanitions d.d in thetovii. They were very thanklul for any success which had attended the iahours of these gentlemen in the past, and wished them Cod Speed in their work in tlia future— hoping that thoy would ex;:¡s;icl\0.! a hundred per cent more success than they had already done. He had, therefore, great pleasure in giving them the toait of the Bishops, tlorgy, and miuisterc, cf all deuoinm itions and couplicg wi!h it the names of the Rev C. G. Browne and the Rev A. F. Mills. The toast was dunic with much enthusiasm. The Rev C. G. Brown, in responding, said thnt he thought it a very happy thing that at gatherings of this i;iud—not only there, but throughout the country that this toast was very rr, rely forgot'en. and that it was conspicuous by its presence. That showed that there was a dp conviction in the mindii of the pyr,p!e that we could not separate things secular from things sacred, and that the welfare of the country in secular matters is bound up in its \voi £ .ire. fhat convictioL hld animated our forefathers, and he hoped that it would for many genet ations animate the hearts of our successors. The ROT A. F. Mills, in responding, said he heartily endorsed tho words f-pokcu by the Rev C G Brown. He was exceedingly glad to be there that evening, and he was glad that ho was invited annuady to meet them, although it always seemed very ill aid nervous as ho was —(laughter)—10 confront so many red coats, and so many badges, and eteeterita, indicating the close connection of those preser.t with the military system. But as ho re'.ongtd to a fraternity which was sometimes called the i. hureh Militant," that consideration infused a little courage into him. lie was very g'ad of the manner in which the toast had been proposed by Mr Joues--whose words were in harmony with that respect and reverence which were al ways shown in Carmarthen to the clergy and ministers of all our Churches, lie had beta iu Carmarthen between four and five years, aud he begged to testify to the courtesy which he had met on all hands He saw that someone iu one of the Cardiff papers that morning had asked the question, Is life worth Jiving in Carmarthen?" He did not know who tho scribbler was but if he (the RiV A F Mill?) were the editor he would not pay a farthing for io. Some of thote present had lived in various towns in England, Scotland, and Wales, and were able to compare one towp wi;-]L ztr;ottier aud he thought that Carmarthen would bear comparison in every respect with any agncuituc-al town cf the size in G-reas Britain (applause). There was a remark ia that little note to the effect that they were very fond of giving pre-pts to the young men Sunday after Sunday but that when the Sunday was over tli, y did nothing more for them. He (the Rev A F Mills) thought that the young men who wanted runre than Carmarthen was giving them might help themselves. Carmarthen had a Scientifio Initiation Carmarthen had a Workmen's Club and Carmarthen had its Volunteer Corp3. If the young men wanted more excitement than could be got out of these, then Carmarthen had natural teuaties uosurpaesed in Lhe kingdom. There was plenty of place for angling, cycling, boating, and similar sports (applause I," ttle young mcii-iasto--d of waiting for half-a-dezvn to carry them on their backs—set about helping themselves, they would show them- selvt s worthy of the help which the local gentlemen would give them. lie was delighted with the respect v.liich had always beer, shown to him and ali his brethren in the ministry in the town since he had coma amongst them. They had worked together well. In every to,'ll iliny did not work together as well as they did in Carmarthen end he would venturs to say that they were doing a little good in spite of the criticisms hurled against them, lie quite agreed with what the previous speaker hud waid as to .he impossibility of divorcing the fc-ecrdnr from the Sacred. He had always found that those who had sympathy with whClt was called Sacred, generally did the greatest amount of good work in the Secular line and in public afLirs he would venture tJ say that they could not bring forward half-a-dczen men during the last century who had had no sympathy with the clergy, and who had been very great helpers of our country, The Fana-, remark applied to tho higher things (f life they would tiud that the most devoted, the most generous, and the most self-sacrificing souls were those who lived in tho hope of the future reward which the Maker had promised to bestow on those who served Him. He hoped that it v. ould never be tried in this country—as it was in France a hundred years ago-to divorce that wHch they called Sacred from that which they called Business. Mr J. D. Evans then sang The Yeoman's Wedding," in fine style. i; THE ARMY AND NAVY." Mr J F. Morris said that ou this occasion it again became his high privelege to propose the tOi1."t of the" Navy and th3 Army." lie had not the pleasure of also proposing the "Reserve Forces" because that would be left to a gentleman who would be hetter ablo to deal with it than he was. He had gl':¡t pieasure in proposing tho toast of the Xavy and A-my because it was a toast which, iu any company of Englishmen, was received with great enthusiasm. The members of both services were entitled to the best thanks for their services in the past and their prospective services in the future. As the poet Campbell had said :— Britannia needs no bulwarks No towers along the oteep. Her march is o'er the mountain waves, Her home is on the deep. (loud applause). If those words were true in Campbells days, they were true at the present moment. The Navy of England is pre-eminently the Navy of ho World and Lhe British sailor is a tnr that sticks liko pitch to his duty" (laughter). In the i nagn which Great Britain had, and in the gallant men who manned them she had the best guarantee of her Own safety and of the peace of the world (applause). With such ships and such men they could rest assured t" -t Britannia would be ready for any emergency. In the" thin red line thf.) second line of defence— they had a force ot whom they had a riJIlt to be proud. The Biitish Army had upheld the fame of England in every part of the world and had writ large "ot the glorious roll of fame, names which would last through the ages (applause). He thereft,re, asked them to drink with enthusiasm the toast of the Navy and Army. This t'>as: was drunk with enthusiasm Se'geaut-Major WarJ sang The Soldier in fine style, [Ind received a prolonged encore. Captain Turner, in responding, thanked Mr J. F. Morris for the mauncr in which he had proposed the toast and tho company for the manner in which they had recoived it. It was very hard for him to have to respond for the Army when he was only a member of that c. untried force" thi) militia (laughter). It was donbly hard to have to respond after such excellent speakf rs as the Rev C. G. Brown, Rev A. F. Midi, and Mr J. F. Morris Public speaking was the one thing which they did not teach A-cmy oincers. To night Mr Morris hsul proposed the toast of the Navy and Army he much preferred, however, the "Naval and Military Forces of the Crown because then he could touch all round. Last time ha touched upon a very tender joint; and it he fouod that no stops hud been taken in the matter by that time twelve- month, he should refer to it very strongly. With regard to the Army he could not do belter than refer to what the Commander-h-CLicf had said rorne twelve-months ago—that tho British Army was never in a better condition than it was at the present moment. In considering the condition of the Army it was no good going back to the days cf the Peninsula and the days of the Crimea. In those days soldiers were like machines; at the present day soldiers had to flunk as well as to obey, fhings lld made very rapid stride during the last quurtc-r cf a century. To him, of course, the Army was his home he had ten in it from his youth upwards. lie reinombered the time when any youth wh » entered the service was regarded as lost—bidy and soul. lie rr rnnLtbtred an old sergeant-major who thought the Army was ruined when they did nway with flogging aud gave the men coffee (laughter). It would astonish that sergeanf-major if he were alive, to EC9 the coffee the men go" now. Although the Army was so small, the Principality did not give its quota It was no good making speeches-except to the ladies (laughter). He believed that in the future it would be the ladies who would fill the Army—in more ways than one (laughter). Ho did not believe there was anyone present who remembered the Fiihguard invasion but mot of them had read of it. He did not think, however, that invasions were an unmixed evil; we have been so long without P.il invasion that the ladie3 had beguu to think it was a nuisance to have an army at all. They were mining for anyone's eon to serve but their own — anybody's brother but their own. He thought the Volunteers a most glorious body of Englishmen they took to the service for love cf it. He considered it the duty of every Englishman to learn the use of arms it would be better fvr them in a case of a national emergency to have s'ich knowledge than to become —like the Gibennitescf oH-hewers of wood and drawers of water for tha warriors. Carmarthen did not furnish the Army with one-tenth of the number she should. He always thought it a pity to see so many fine young men in the Volunteers he should like Captain Goldsmith to let him have some them for the Army. He got very fc-v from Car- marthen even for the Militia most of the militia came from Glamorganshire — doubtless a good many of them were Carmarthenshire men who had gone to the works lie had tried to got hold of them from the country but he had always failed. It was ail very well to do as the farmers did in the o'd days to sit in the corner and diÍnk a a glass and say Oh, we've wen another victory (laughter). It was no good talking Hire that, if they had done nothing to win the victory. In the old days to be in tho Army was to have somewhat of a dog's life but now, ho did not know of any profession open to the ordinary man in which greater future prospects could bo obtained. Men if they made up their minds to stiok to the Army, could retire at a very early age on almost euough to live upon. It would be well therefore for the young mea to consider whether it would not pay them better to join the Army than to stick to their shops or their other businesses for the rest of their lives. Se 'gt.-Major Ward then responded to the encore by singing, Recruiting (iu character). Mr J W Forbes, in responding for the Navy, said he could endorse what Capt. Turner had said— that the Army end the Na*y were to-day in a better position than they had ever been bdoro. Our ships surpassed anything which could be produced in any other part of the world—both in material and in nnnibfr. Oar guns were equal to anything which could be produced and our munitions of war were quite as good. There was one thing, however, which ought to be looked to-and that was the personnel- of the Navy. It was all very good to have the ships an 1 the guns but we required the men to work them. Since 1889 there had been 71 ships added to the Navy. A large complement of men might have been expected to have been added at the same time but instead of that only 100 men were added to man the 7l ships. During the next two or three ynirs we should be adding 40 more ships to the Navy; aud the First Lord of the Admirni'y £ ta;ed that he intended to add 4.900 men to the Nary during the same period. Eveu if that wer" done, the Navy would not be properly manned. It might be said, Oh we can draw upon the Reserve It was, however, very doubtful if we could. The Reserve would have to be drawn from the Mercantile Marine, where they would be required in tinao of war to s'tpply the country with food and with raw materials for manufacture. It wns to bo remembered that onr Commerce must bo maintained ac all times. If the Naval Reserves were withdrawn from the Merchant Service, the latter would be left in the hands of foreigners. It was to be doubted whether the trade of tho country would be secure in hands. At the present, time we could build a first-class battleship in two years bllt it took a much longer time to train the seamcu. It took five years to train a seaman— from tha time he entered as a boy until he was rated A.B. Therefore, the sooner the Admiralty opened their eyes and began to train men for tho Nmy, the better. It was no good shutting our eyes to the fact that we were undermanning the Navy. The quality of the men was nIl right but there was not euongh of them. A few months ago we had to cull out a Flyiug Squadron and it took us all our time to man the tsr.ips. It was very well for the officers to say that we could man a fleet if we wanted. They could not do so without withdrawing men from hips in Commission. If wa wanted to bo as safe in the future as we had been in the past, we should keep, an eye to th9personnel of the Navy. It took a great deal to make a seaman 1 ow in former years such an intricate system of machinery had not to bo worked as was necessity now. A vfar-ship at the present day was a box cf machinery. It required a considerable amount of experience to work the ship and the guus even the steering was tfone by machinery now. At the present time 50,000 men were required for the Navy. If the reserves were to bo of any use at all, they w^uld be required to rill up the casualties- which would occur in action. \V,t1 the modern mi thods of naval warfare. it would not bo a few lives lost; it would be a whole ship's company going down ati a time. Men were required there- fore not only to man the navy, but also to provide against casualties. Pee D it Thomas then contributed a song in first- claBS style. '■ THE VOLUNTEERS." Mr Thomas Jones, in proposing the toast of the Volunteers." sail that it was a very long time fi!Cd he ¡ccame I H¡luut,pr. 1.1 fact, he became one at the time there was a scare of French invasion. Th:) invasion nevor came off but they must remember that the pcopla of this country — whom the French called a nation of shopkeepers— were prepared for any emergency. And at the present day, we were perfectly ready for them. For— We don't want to fight; But by Jingo if we do, got the ships We've got the men got the money, too. (laughter and applause). He would ask some of them to refer baek to their memories, and consider what the old volunteer system was. The volunteers at the present day were in a much better position than he was when he joined. In the old days they had to pay for their uniforms and to meet their other expenses. Now, the volunteers had that provided for them. In the old days, they were, perhaps at a better advantage than the volunteers were in these days, because the gentry of the neighbourhood came forward and subscribed liberally to their support they gave prizes for shooting, elc. The volunteer force was very popular and nothing was too much for the gentry to do for them. He just remembered a little story he had read—in Smith History of the Peninsular War. A poor little drummer-toy was t en prisoner and was brought before the Emperor Napoleon. Tho Emperor was very anxious know whether the English had retired or not. The little boy answered, Sir ;I have never heard cf it the English army never retires they hgnt to the bitter end applause). At the great lines of Torres Vedras, Napoleon, and bis best marshals strove against Wellington and utterly failed. He (Mr Thomas Jones) believed they were going to do the same thing again. If they were wanted, there were o'd veterans who would he to the front (applause). They would come to the front; they could not bo expocted to do everything but they could fight yet (laughter), lie was one of those who .came prepared to do his duty to Queen and country. He thought it the duty cf every Englishman to do what he could to proted his country ngainst foreign invasion and aggression. He thanked them for allowing him to propose the toast he was now getting old in the service but he had great pleasure in proposing the toast of the Volunteeers." Captain Goldsmith, in responding, end he bed fceiii a Volunteer officer for three years, and he thought they had impoved in many respects. They were not perfection yet, but he thought they coulJ go on improving. The Volunteers had a very serious duty to perform they knew the war scares which there had been la'.ely. It was not play it was not a question of putting in so many driils; it should lie a tcrious work — a^ it wen el be if the eountry were invaded. He wished to 5ay a word a rout the cncampmeiu he hepou tVcry man would g) to camp this year. He thought the 1st Volunteer Battaii >n ot theWot.sh Regiment had picked up very wdl; he had done his best to keep them u r to th3 thnes but there W3 room for improvement ye t. He thanked Mr Thomas Jones Lr the manner in which he had proposed the I. Captain Buckle*}* n¡¡>dck said h' thanked Mr Thomas J;mes f. r she man- er in which he had yr^j»03fd the toast, gn the company in ar.tieipath n for the maniier in which, they woulu receive it. As a volun'eer he had "ne thing to complain of, and that was that the jirant received from the Govern- ment as net Bullicitnt. Thty were expected to d") great things they had heard that night of the great things expected of our Navy. In case great drafts were made fur our Army ior foreign service, the country would be altojjeihei dependent upon the Volunteer for-c for p-otection. If they were expected to become efficient and to beo" acquainted with field-pest duty and tactics tiny would require to have a much longer gran" The volunteers supplied the force which would rtherwi-'c have to be raised by conscription. If tit ie was one poit:on of military duty in which the Volunteers excelled the Araiv, it was in shooting There Were some Artillery Officers present, anel ii th?y did not knew from experience they knew from teaching that within ftnooLnig ci 1 -1 itico ot infantry, artillery could Le a good deal KiiOok< d about. The horses and men could be thinned out a good deal before the guns could be got into position. It was very necessary for the Volunteers to keep up their shooting abilitie- which would after all be the mainstay of the force. He had seen in a local paper some adverse criticism of the shooting of the Carma. thcn Company he was sure that the Carmarthen men well able to shoot and that they could improve very much in their shooting if they wished He hoped that the Club, which had been re-started this year, would put their shouldsrs to the wheel, and endeavour when the annual competition came rour.el to hold their own. lie should endeavour to insist on every man who was able to sh' ot going to practice. They tad in that town quit? a-; much leisure time as in other towns, and it they liked to practice they could turn out quite a3 good sluts. There were other officers who had to respond to th1 toast, End he would leave it to them to tell what a grand force the Voluntec.s were. Being of rather a modest disposition, he] did not like to do so (laughter). Lieut A 0 Norton said he would respond, although the toast had not been diunk at all and that he did not SC0 that the gentlemen present were half- drunk (laughter). He considered shooting the most important part of voluuteers' training. Wo were in pretty hot water at;, the present time, bath in Africa and India. S iJl ho thought that the Volunteers, and the Army and Navy would be quite capable of opposing any foa which might be called against them. Lieut James John said he would best consult the wishes of those present if he simply said that he thanked Mr Thomas Jones for the manner in which he had proposed the toast, and tho company in anticipation for the manner in which it would be received. The Chairman said that he had not forgotten to ask to compauy to drink tiro toast. His intentioa was to allow the officers to respond first and the a to ask the company to receive the toast with musical honours. Mr T Conwil Evans then rang ,l The Bugler Mr J F Morris reeiied How Bill Adams won the Battle of Waterloo and Licu Keene gave an Irish comic song, which was welt rendered and received a prolonged encore. THE TOWN AND TRADE." Captain Buckley Roderick said that lie had beEn askeel to propose the next toast—the "Town and Trade of Carmarthen." He did not know why hs had been called npon to propose that; he had told the gentlemen who were arranging the toast li?t that he knew nothing whatever about it. Tne latter'a l'cply was II Oh j that is all right" (laughter) With regard to the Corporation he would say that he was a frequent reader of the Carmarthen papers (laughter) Abcnt three years ago, the English language appeared to be utterly inadequate to deocriOe the Corporation. Whether it was that tlHt they had now got some goccl men on the Council, or that they had elected good mayors—(applause) — he knew not but those com- plaints seemed to have vanished altogc.hsr. That was all he had to say about tho Corporation. With regard to the town, it J1,.d an appearance which any visitor ce.tainly describe as r.11 ancient one (laughter). Things generally in the town appeared to be of that character. He was sure that noni of them were too proud of their anciont borough; some of the principal streets were situated in back lanes (laughter). He thought that the town might be a improved, and that the Corporation might turn their atten ion to widening th plincipal streets, o tlut the gentleman farmers who rode up and down the streets on fair days mibht have more room, and so that those wtiO upended buying a horoe might hove room to turn him. With regard to the t:ado, tlioy had the tin. phte works. He thought, however, that tin-plates were a bit off" just now (daughter). lb believed th.tt the com- merce of tire town was mamiy dependent 1<11 agriculture. Agriculture, too, had been in a bad way, but with a little legislation and with a lew fiae S'lo.mers, they might lock for a fairly prosperous t ree. At the last fair in Carmarthen lie saw tenant farmers au; illb cattle, and they complained that Hô was very glad to hear the complaint, and lie hoped the tinners would have money enough to pay £ 2 a bead too much for them (applause; lie wished the Town and Trade of Carmarthen evc.y prosperity, and had pleasure ur propping itie coast. The toast was drunk with enthusiasm. Lieutenant James John, iu responding, said that those responsible for the toast li^t might easily have chosen an older member of the Corporation than himself to respond to it. He would eudeavour to respond iu two parte. First of ad, he would say for the Corporation that he did not think they were as bad as the local press endeavoured to paint them. Next of d, he would say that the tradesmen of to- day would compare favourably with the tradesmen of past generations and that probably trade was as successful to-day in Carmarthen as it had been for a very considerable time. One could only hope that trade would go on improving in Carmarthen that new industries would crop up and that we should see the streets wi leud by pushing them back a bit, and narrowing those behind (laughter) Captain Buckley Roderick complained of how narrow the Carmarthen streets were. Why didn't he look at Lluiudiy (laughtar). Why, they had not in the whole cf Llanel y such a street as Lammas- street (renewed laughter). Carmarthen had been built in the old days when things were different from what they were now (applause). Llanelly was I. mushroom which had sprung up; an I why hadn't she built her streets wider? (laughter). Mr Jamci Morgan then sang Alice, whore art thou 7" Mr Gwyn Davies gave a fine rendering of a negro song and in response to an encore gave a burlesque recitation, How I won the Victoria Cross "THE DONORS OF PRIZES." Captain Goldsmith proposed the toast of the Doners of Prizes." He considered it a pleasmt task to have to have to refer to those who had given prizes for hooting. He thought rifle shooting a most important thing. As an adjutant he outfit perhaps to consider drill first and fore- most; but the man who could hit the mark was after all the mui whom they had to consider. He would a word or two abotu artillery as he saw so many artillery officers present. He thought the artiilery the rn j&t useful branch of the service. been risked what he con- sidered the three most important points for the artillery to observe. The officer said the threo most important points were (I) to shoot well, (2) to shoot well, (oj to shoot weil. Now-a-days, drill was subordinate! to shooting to say, that a mau could shoot without going through a certain amount of arid was. of courts", absurd. A certain amount of drill had to bo gone through; but after all shooting was the more importuut. He con- gratulated the battalion ou the high position which they oooupied 021 the list. The. were the fifth in the Western District which comprised 20 battalions They were a long w -y at the top of the Regimen- tal Dislrio\ They WA.-O the GUDII foe the whole kingdom t!nt was not quite so high as they had He had often visited the butts at L'aneUy wheu the shooting was iu progress. He nad gouo there last year and competed against three men —neither ot wnoin hnel been placed in the Llnneby second team. Everyone of them beat him. He was, therefore, rattier annoyed (Laughter) but it (showed that the Llanelly shooting wna not all on paper. The shoot- ing of the Llanelly Company was very good this vcar; he only wished that the headquarter s Co was good. He did not care for any company more than another so long as they shot wdl; it WHS all the same to him whs th'r they were K or X or Y or even Z (laeghter). If every man set to work with the idea of becoming a marksman, he would he doing something towards a grand cause. Then when the day came, every bullet would have its billet and we would not be behind-hand with the Boors or any other people who were good shots, but wo should be in front of them. Shooting was everything nowadays in conscquenec of the great improvements, which bad been made in fire-arms the formation in the field would b3 pretty loose, aud every man vv >u!d be hit to elepend upon himself. He oped, therefore, that every man would do what he could do to improve the shooting of the Company (applause). He had, therefore. much pleasure in giving the toast of the Donors of Priz?a." This toast then duly honoured. THE DRILL HALL. Lieutenant Norton, in proposing the toast of the -i Vi>i;ors," said Ire did not know at all how they could get on at all without the Visitors. He thought there were as many visitors present as volunteers. He had heard nothing ot the Drill Hall that eveni: g. If the visitors would take the matter up they might give the Volunteers a Drill Hall. The Volunteers would bo only too happy to oecvpy it and to drill there. lie thought the coming summer would be a good time to start the movement he believed they would have the support f the town and neighbourhood. lie hoped that before next motrth they would hare called a meeting fg-ther for the purpose of getting a D.di Hall. Mr Lewis Giles then sang" IIo Jelly Jenkin and Private II. J. Lewis gac his unique whistling song.
I THE PRESIDENT." Mr Thomas Jenkins eaid he had been given the choice of propo-i' t; the Town and Trade of Car- marrhen or The Pivsider.t anil he had chos n tho 1«:tor (applame). "tie subject was not o*e which retjuired .-o rnu h < x: IMUIUOU as the other. Ho had had the pleasure of knowing Mr White for a good many FHJ. The Mayor had occupied the position of chief magistrate for a couph' of years with great honour to the town, and with a get id deal of credit to himself. He (Sir Tho mas Jeukin..> sincerely trusted that there was a third year of office in front of the mayor. The time /or long speeches had passed and he would therefore have great pleasure in giviug them the the torst of the President" Tho toast, was d.- uisk i. h musical honours. The Chairman, in responding, said that it was a groat pleasure for him to occupy the chair at the Volunteer Dinner that was the second occasion upon which he had had the privilege of presiding at that function. lie hoped to see the public dis- tribution of prizes for shooting, etc., take place again in tho Assembly Rooms ho remembered the times "hen it was looked forward to as a red-letter day. With regard to the Drill Hali, he would say that as iong a- he hael the pleasure of occupying the civic chair, be would lie rcidy to do his best to further the movement by inaugurating a fe-e or anything else whi-sh would be required. THE PKESS." Mr IIany Jones then proposed the toast of the ''Press," to which Mr Percy responded. THANKS." Captain Buckley Roderick Ihsnked the volunteers for attending in such large numbers He had no doubt that in case there was any blood about or any fighting to be done that W-cy would be present in much greater force. lIe bad acceptcd the command of the Carmarthen Company in a case of emergency and he could assure them that it gave him great pleasure to spend a few nights in the town at tim s. He was rather chary of awarding praise until he saw it was absolutely necessary that he should do so. lie wished to see the Company attain the highest possible state of efficiency. The Carmarthen Company grand body of men who were possessed by a great amount of energy (applause). The singing of God save the Queen" by tha Company concluded the proceedings.
The Bishop of St. Asaph at Carmarthen. RE-OPENING OF THE ORGAN AT ST. PETER'S The orgm of St Peter's Church, Carmarthen, which has recently been renovated at a cost of about £500 by Hill, of London, was reopened on Sunday morning in the pretence of an immense congregat on, including the recruits of the Carmar- then-hire Artillery and the lociil Volunteer corj.8, both of which bodies assembled Wi.J1 their bands for church parade. Special music was rendered, the organist (Mr (i. F. Wesley Mai tin) conducting a recital in the afternoon with remarkable skill. The preacher for the day was the Lord Uishop of St Asaph (formerly Vicar of Carmarthen), wh) was warmly welcomed by his old parishioners. After preaching at St John's Welsh Church, Priory-street, at 10 o'clock, he proceeded to St Peter's, and there charmed the congregation by an argumentative sermon. His Lord-hip based his discourse on 1 Cor iii.. 9. and at conclusion he observed that the conception of prayer found in the text was a thought not inappropriate to the snvice at St Peter's that morning, when once more the generosity of Churchmen in the parish had ad led a tresh element of usefulness and efficiency to that eld and historic church, bound to all ot them—and to no one more than the bishop himself-by ail tics which rever- ence and affection could inspire. He had heard that there was stiil a small deficit lift, and he felt it was only necessary— at least, that was his experience— to tell the people of St Peter's what was wanted for the church, ar.d the thing would be d ne. He felt sure that their generous aid would be ready at hand to clear off whatever irdght be wanting to complete the work. And, I10 added, there is another though:. Ic is one r11 ,t comes home very much to me this morning in this old church. It is this the wod" of the church goes on Oll who comes here after an absence of some years is naturally better able to mark and gauge the pragTeas than those who arc themselves unconsciously floating with and swelling the stream. My eye wanders over the church I see cne improvement after another, and I feel what w„ndeiful power of life and adaptation there is in the Church; how we met, i or faithful children from one generation to anotirpr rising up resolved to meet the needs of the hour the work goes on. It is like the march of a grout victorious ermy the cause goes on. The soldier iray fall, but the army marehes on to victory. It is true, the ouldicr maiohos in battle beneath the streaming banner and to the sound of martial music, his heart nerved by love of country and duty; and we, as members of the Church of Christ, march on beneath the uplifted banner of the Cross ot Christ ard the lessons in the text brings very clearly before us how we must be resolved, each of us, in his generation to work for the good of the cause. His Lordship again preachsd at St Peter's in the evening, his text being taken from Acts v" 31. In speaking to old friends, he thoyght that an opportu- nity presented itself which would he most profit- ably uel in directing their thoughts to what was vital to all uf them. Such an occision as that was full of pleasant mcmorigs—to him, at any rate— memories of years among the very happiest of his life spent at Carmarthen in the work—work which was always alivo and interesting—memories of workers who were conspicuous for their readiness to help-memone Lfmany real and valued friend- ships begun there. As he looked round the church -1 church so familiar to him in every nook and corner—he saw familiar faces. During tlio few years that hal passed sir-.ee he last stood there many who were true frienda and helpers of the vicar in the parish had passed away, but he believed from all he saw that tho same spirit of kindliness and loyalty still lived on. lIe know that the Church schools still maintained their high level of dlidency. St Peter's, as ho knew well, was not a rich parish, and yet old organisations were carried on and new lines of ele-gy and work struck out They rejoiced that day over a \a'uaide and costly addition to the organ—;ui organ, Jf he might say O. with a personal history. The sirg'ng at their church did credit alike to the choir and its trainer. Th-oy would, he ww sure, forgive those crituivm from an old friead.
JiMMv MICHAEL.—" Pneumatic of tho South Wales Daily News, writes as fo lows with reference to Jimmy Michael, the little cycliing wonder, who is well known iimor.gst athletes and cyeliits in Carmarthen :-For the forthcom ng matches between Michael and J lnson, :t hai been deoidecl that in tho ono mile race each linn I>h\11 have one pacing team but in tire other raccs (five and ten miles, ti'-e, twenty, an 1 fitty kil ) each competitor shall five pacing crews. In ca h event the track must h, clear of pacers during the last quarter of a Michael has pledged himself to iide two races in America before the end of September, the d stamps being five and twenty miles. Few who know Michael by repute as a nineteen-year-old youngster, or by sight p.3 a small-built example of perfcct tr iiiiirg for pace nsu'tj., will credit the fact that he is nearer 23 thaa 11) and that he is married. During his visit to Abo.-aman suae lix weeks ago Michael, whose knowledge of the knack of perfect union, as applied to pauir-.g, is tcennd to none, was t oruls of holy marimony with the daughter of a former mentor. May the sea of life's troubles be calm for thctn without any "Choppy r.ees My funny correspondent is responsible for what he calls tho pun. Ahu the mn'rhge of Jimmy Michael has created quite a sensation in Paris (says the Cyclist). Jie has always hem regarded as a youngster, so that his sacrifice to Hymen has c :tne entirely as a surprise. All sorts of rumours arc in circulation concerning his bride, some assorting that *>h? is a 1 uly of indapendent. mvans who becamo enamoured of him through read ng of his exploit.* in tha cycling journal*. Jimmy' is alreidv spoken of as iho future millionaire" in the French sense oftht word. Now people are wondering what < fleet marriage will have upon his torn. My Aberdrre cor;espoirdent tells me he trad a short chat- with Miclvel at Abmlare recently, the champion ha-ing ridden hm Lor ,1m. lie was accompanied at Abe rd rre by Mrs Mi, h:¡el, his wife, and says Lig intenion WBS to return to London last Saturday and cross o er to Phris to go into strict tr inirrg br his attenpt on the houi 8 record. He is quite confident of doirg 30 miles inside the 60 minutes. It is probable, too, that he will be matched aga'-nst one ot the Ficnoh champions shortly, an I if possible ho intends spending Whitsun at his homo in A'e-amsn. —Mr E. A. Powell (London) writes as f dl-owi with reference to Michael's mar. iage Mulibel's better half has alternately termed a Coventiy lady with unlimited lucie and a Welsh lady with little oof.' As a matter of fact, Michael's raato is the daughter of the AbersniHii butcher by whom the wheel woodcr was formerly employed, uni who bought Jimmy h; first bicycle. It is said t-h «t ill3 tying of the nuptial knot WBS t, the likinsf of' Choppy,' who gave his protege his blessing in terms rot to be touud in tho Letters of ijord Cheite- field.'
NOTICES TO QUIT. ROM LANDLORD TO TENANT AND TENANT TO LANDLORD, May be obtained at the" REIORTER" OFFICE, 3, 2 Blue-street, Carmarthen. I (:, El 0 N E P E N Y