On Saturday, Mr. Richard Abraham in the chair. Present: Mrs. Jenkins, Mrs. Richards, Mrs. Price, Mrs. Wills, Mrs. M. T. Williams, Mrs. M. A. Ed- munds, Revs. LI. M. Williams (Rec-1 tor), D. L. Jones, W. A. Jones, Messrs John Da vies (Aberdare), John Hughes, D. P. Jones, J. W. Hurt, Morgan Wil- liams, Metli Davies, Rees Rees, Evan Davies, Samuel Davies, Walter Lewis, J. Godfrey, Wm. Parker, W. Ll. Jones, I Staffron Bolwell, John Edwards. Chas. Fenwick, Patrick Mansfield, rienrv Owen, Samuel Thomas, T. T. Jenkins, j Wm. Jones, Edwin Thomas, Samuel Thomas, T. T. Jenkins, in. iones,, Edwin Thomas. Samuel Morgan. John Harris, Joseph Price. James Davies, with Messrs. F. T. James (clerk) and! G. A. COOK (assi.stinu dork).
Tubercular Cases, It was reported that there were 24 cases of tuberculosis being treated at the Workhouse Infirmary. = Mr. T. T. Jenkins very dissatis- fied with the state of affairs. Pnthisi- j cal people should be examined by the Welsh Memorial specialist. Dr. John- son, before they were admitted to the Infirmary, because once there, there they would remain. The Guardians in this way were doing the work of the Welsh National Memorial. That all these people came into the Infirmary in face of the existence of the Welsh Memorial Institution was inexplicable to him. Mrs. M. A. Edmunds said there were empty beds at the Mardy Hospital and the Pontsarn Sanatorium. She thought tubercular patients were sent to the Infirmary because parish doctors did not know the proper procedure in re- gard to obtaining Sanatorium bene- lit. Mr. F. T. James (clerk) said that lie thought it was distinctly understood that the National Memorial would take such cases from the hands of the Guard- ians when the Pontsarn Sanatorium was allowed to go to the Association, j Otherwise he did not think the lioar(i would have agreed to the letting of the Sanatorium. It was resolved that fortnightlv re- turns of tubercular cases in detail should be placed before the Board.
Boys and Gardening. The Children's Homes Committee re- ported :—"As instructed by the Board the Committee considered the letter from the Aberdare Education Com- mittee with reference to this matter. The Supt. reported that so far he had only detained six boys over 13 years ol age from school for two days.—Recom- mended that the Supt. be given dis- cretionary powers with regard to util- ising the services of the boys. It was also moved by Mr. John Davies (Aber- dare), seconded by Mr S. Bolffell, that no boys be kept at home during school hours for work in the garden. Upon a yote being taken, seven voted for the motion and six against, the Chairman thereupon declared the motion car- ried."
NATIONAL FOOD CAMPAIGN. By a Member of Aberdare War Savings Committee. Save' Save! Save! That is the cry throughout the country to-day. A few weeks ago a War Savings' Campaign was carried on all over the country, and proved an immense suc- cess. To-day another Campaign is be- ing launched of more serious import than the first, viz., a National Food Economy Campaign, and it comes none too soon, as the stores of food in the country are getting perilously low, and no amount of money can buy food n there is none to be had. Potatoes, meat and sugar have been short for some months, and now the stock of wheat in the country is getting so low that unless rigid econ- omy is practised we may have hard times before the next harvest is due. We are asked to economise in the consumption of all foods, but more es- pecially in bread and wheat-flour. The wheat harvest of 191G was a failure the world over. and owing to the submarine activity much of the wheat which has been shipped to this country never reaches its shores. Also there is a shortage of food-ships, and thus the difficulties of bringing food into the country arc increased. In this extremity a great appeal is to be made to the women of the country, for it iS to the women we must look to carry us through this crisis. For several weeks we have been threatened with bread-tickets, which would be the cause of much an- noyance, injustice and waste. The women of the country can prevent this by loyally keeping to the voluntary rationing as established by the Food Controller, viz., 41bs. bread or 3 lbs. of flour, 2} lbs. meat, and lib. sugar per il 4 head per week. The poor and the manual worker eat much bread; the rich and those who earn good money are therefore asked to leave the bulk of bread to those who need it most, and to use as substitutes, porridge, oat cakes, barley cakes and maize cakes. Porridge and milk form cheap -and nourishing foods, especially for chil- dren. More meat, fish and eggs can take the place of the short allowance of bread, while rice contains many of the properties of bread. Tapioca, arrow- root and cornflour are heat and ener- gy producers, but are not body builders. To reduce the consumption of meat, dried peas, haricot beans, butter-beans and lentils can be used as substitutes. Cheese is a valuable food, especially for those who lead an active out-door life, and for the manual worker. Salads and vegetables are valuable for the salts they contain, and fruits '0 for their acids, but, with the exception of the banana, contain practically no nourishment. The special points which have to be considered are: (1) There must be no waste, especially in bread, and if the well-to-do and sedentary worker will reduce their bread allowance by lib. per week, the wheat difficulty will be over- come. (2) Good cooking will save much that is often wasted. (3) The cheaper foods should be-left for the poor. (4) Less food being eaten would result ill healthier bodies. Finally, if the women of Aberdare will put their minds to it, without underfeeding their families they can make a reduction in the consumption of food that will bring as much credit to their town as did the War Savings Campaign of some weeks ago. [Our readers are invited to attend a meeting at the Market Hail on Sun- day evening, May 13, at 7.30, at which addresses bearing on the above import- ant subject will be delivered by the Right Hon. W. Brace, M.P., and Messrs. Edgar Jones, M.P., and C. B. Stanton, M.P.—Ed.]
Letters to the Editor. SOLDIER'S GRATITUDE. Dear Sir,—I desire to thank the directors aiul members of the Aberdare o-op. for sending me a very nice parcel, which I received on the 19th day of March. ft was quite unexpected. I en- joyed the contents all rig-lit. [ also desire to thank the teachers and scholars of St. Margaret's Sunday Seliool for the parcel I thankfully re- ceived on the 19th day of March. I wish them all good luck in the New Y<»ar.—I remain, Private W. II- Evan?, (ij,360), R.JL.M.C., Hirer Sick Convoy, Basrah, I.E.F., D., Mesopotamia.
THE LATE Mr. JONAH DAVIES. The funeral of the late Mr. Jonah • Davies, 7 Tanybryn Street, Aberdare, whose death was announced in last week's "Leader," took place on Thurs- day at the Aberdare Cemetery. The Rev. William Davies, 'Al.A., Bethania, conducted the service at the house, whilst the Rev. D. Silyn Evans, at whose church the deceased gentleman- was a faithful and respected deacon for many year-, officiated at the graveside. The principal mourners were: Messrs. John Jones, T. Lloyd Davies, Llanelly; William Davies. M.I.M.E.. and Ben Davies, sons; William Davies, hay merchant, Aberdare, brother, and Rhys Cranog Jones, grandson. The late Air. Davies was a native of Ilenllan, Car- marthenshire, but came to Aberdare at a very early age.
CHURCH SUNDAY SCHOOLS. (In evening last the quarter- ly meeting of the Aberdare Deanery Sunday School Association took place at the Mission Ilall, Hirwain. The Rev. J. A. Lewis, B.A., Vicar of Aberdare and iJural Dean, presided. Mrs. A. N. Jenkin-, Poor Law Guardian, was appointed Visitor for the Aberaman Parish. Mr. W. H. Templeman opened a di.-cussion on "The Singing of Hymns ;n Sunday Schools." The following ladies and gentlemen took part: Miss M. Thomas, Miss Walker. Mrs. A. N..Tenkin°. Messrs. A. Ivett, W. Thurtle and Bowyer, Revs. T. J. Mor- gan. B.A.. S. il. Lewis, L.D., the Vicar of Hirwain. and the Chairman. Pre- ceding the meeting Evensong was held at St. Lleurwg's Church, conducted by the Vicar, Rev. Dewi Williams, B.A. There was a goodly number present.
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Scraps. BY THE SCRIBE. Everything comes to him who can wait—and see. At last the postal workers have been graciously granted a war bonus, the agitation for which was nearly as old as the war itself. In- deed it looked as if the giving of a little extra remuneration to this class of Government employes for their ex- tra labour—apart from other consider- ations—was to be an after-the-war affair. The Government are most tardy in recognising the claims of their own direct employes. A\ ringing concessions out of a Govern- ment department is not so easy as wringing water out of a damp cloth. If you want to make sure of your emoluments, increments and bonuses, you had better go in for a job on a public body. TlIere at any rate you may have "a friend in court," who will state your case and pull the strings for you. But you may hammer the "de- partment" until the sun grows cold and the stars are old—and yourself, and it will be like trying to get blood out of the proverbial stone. So the Chancellor of the Exchequer has put a little more on the weed. Why does someone not agitate for a total prohibition of tobacco, not until the end of the war, but until the end of the world But we must not be too hard on the smokers, therefore we shall not in- sist on the six months afterwards in this case. At any rate, if we can do without bread until the beginning of Septem- ber, as some of the knowails tell us we can, we ought to be able to put the pipe away until the old earth will be smoking. Someone remarked that the custod- ian of the Empire's purse lost a chalk in not doubling the tax on useless dogs, which would have been the means of lessening the consumption of good food, (ir as all alternative helped to swell the imperial coffers. But it is not in the canine tribe alone that we find pam- pered pets that eat the children's bread. Cats are no better in this re- spect, and if the Chancellor of the Exchequer were to tax feline superflui- ties he would tap a rich source of revenue. Someone remarked in the nress the other day on the superabundance of useless dogs, especially in the mining valleys of Glamorgan. He suggested that'all doggies who were eating food lit., for human consumption should be despatciied forthwith to the dogs' eternal home. Then there has been a hit, of talk about dog rationing. But all that may be said of the Carlos ap- plies with equal force to the Pussies. 'It is quite as rational to ration the cat as the dog. When the former is not "doing work of national importance"— to borrow the Tribunals' standard pliraso—then it is as much of a national nuisance as the latter. But Pussy is an effective mousetrap, you say, and as such is worthy of its hire in the form of milk and meat, liut oftentimes it is a bigger humbug than the vermin from which it is our ae- credited protector. And serenading is j not work of national necessity any more than moon-baying. I would humbly suggest to our worthv Chancellor that he would next time place a toll on all useless pets, of whatever tribe or kind. Just now paper and bread seem to be running a neck and neck race to extinction, and it is a "toss up" which will reach the Nirvana first. In the meantime it would be well for all consumers of both to observe the ration- ing principles as much as possible. It is computed with regard to our daily bread that with economy and a litLle self-denial we should be able to tide over the critical time which extends over the summer months. If we get a fairly good harvest next August and September it is believed that the situ- ation will be saved. ( But there is no prospect of the paper hunger being allayed at all at any time. Newsprint costs now precisely four times what it did in pre-war time, an advance of 400 per cent. And. yet there are people who complain because newspaper publishers advance their prices fifty per .cent! The publisher is at the mercy of the miller, and 1 dare say that the paper mills are grinding slow in these days because of scarcity of pulp. The war has at last solved the land problem. We are told by the Premier that in 1918 there will be three million fresh acres of land in this country under cultivation. War hath her agrar- ian victories no less renowned than peace's. The land trouble has troubled Britain for decades—nay centuries, and it was thought that it would continue to trouble us for ever and ever. Pity that Henry George is not alive to see Lioyd George settling the problem that he had so long grappled with. The Government's man-hunger con- tinues and will continue as long as the enemy's man-power remains so formid- able. The cry, both of Germany's supply and of our demand, is still, "Men, more men." Tommy Atkins popular refrain may be varied so as to read :— We beat them on the Mar no, We beat them on the Aisne, We gave them hell at Nuuve Chap-elle, liut there they are again. But let us hope that we may also he able to revert to the original in the last line, and continue to sing. "And here we are again," until Hindenburg's line is no more.
The man of parts masquerading as j the fool is perhaps at least as exasper-j a ting as the fool playing at wisdom.— Mrs. Humphrey Ward.
COL. MORGAN PRESENTED. ADDRESS BY MR. STANTON, M.P. A large gathering of friends met at the Jeffreys Arms Hotel, Mountain. Ash, on Friday evening to honour Col. Morgan Morgan. The function was under the auspices of the Cwmpennar and Caegarw Welcome Home Fund, and the hon. secretaries, Messrs. William Rees and W. H. Jones, should feel proud of the representative gathering. Councillor Griffith Evans, J.P., pre- sided, and was supported by Mr. C. B. Stanton, M.P., Councillors William Millai and William Lamburn, and Messrs. E. R. McGregor, J. Christopher, Morgan Edmunds, Dr. Cahill, Messrs. l'hil Phelan, David Morgan, J. Gough. D. P. Jones. W. Oscar Davies, Alfred Allen Pardoe, D. Jeffrey Morgan, M. P. Rees, A. Pincombe, Tom Richards, Chas. Rowlands, Arthur Jenkins. Givilyni Jones, J. Reynolds, Albert Williams and Dr. Arthur Jones. The Chairman heartily welcomed Col. Morgan on behalf of the Cwm- pennar and Caegarw boys. Mr. D. P. Jones (of the Committee) also welcomed the gallant Colonel. Mr. C. B. Stanton felt great pleasure in being the medium to hand over the token of esteem and respect from the boys. Many were serving their country, but there were boys in the room serving just as well, by doing their duty at home. They hadn't many slackers n South Wales, but those they had would find out later the true meaning of the word. Speaking of the armies, Mr. Stanton .said that it had been thrown at them that they had no eyes, but the fighting in the air had given the lie to that. The submarine menace had not been overcome, but everything was be- ing d(one to counteract it. Perhaps we were slow starters, but we were good hangers-on and mighty big finishers. (Cheers.) We had started unprepared, and were paying for it, for we had parted with fathers, sons, brothers, and near ones. Let us play the part of Britishers, be good Trade Unionists, but above all be British Trade Union- ists. l'lar the Empire game; fair play for all and for the boys in the trenches. Tommy had lent his body, so let them tighten their belts if the pantrv ran short. The time was not far distant when they would reap the harvest of the sacrifices they had made. Our gallant lads were fighting for the greatest, the freest and the nearest nation to per- fection on God's earth. Turning to Col. Morgan, Mr. Stanton said how specially creditable it was of the boys to present him. At the early age of 60 or there- abouts that young man went out to do his bit. (Laughter.) He did it, and thev honoured him as a Britishpr and a gentleman. The walking-stick was from the workmen of the district, who had shown the democratic principle. Col. Morgan was a credit to his country" (Cheers.) Dr. Arthur Jones gavp it fpw ,yore! of appreciation. Col. Morgan then briefly responded. Mossrs. Emrys Harries, John Williams. Tom Walters, W. D. Isaac, Jacob Rich- ards and John Webber provided the harmony.
The whole of lifo often seems one long drama tip performance, in which ont half of us is for ever posing to the other half. »
Embracing the Lodger. One of the relieving officers reported the case of a Pontlottyn woman, who sought relief for herself and four chil- dren. It was stated there was a lodger | in the house, who paid the woman only Is. 6d. a week. On the motion of Mrs. Jenkins, relief of 4s. per child. per week was agreed to. Rector: I take it that the lodger; must go. Mrs. Jenkins I embrace that in the motion. Mrs. Wills Embrace the lodger. (Laughter.)
An Old Member Co-opted. The Board proceeded to elect a mem- ber in the place of Mr. A. J. Howfield, Merthyr, resigned. Mr B. J. Williams, secretary of the Federation Lodge, asked the Board to appoint Mr. D. Per- kins. Merthyr, inasmuch as there was no Labour representative at present for that Ward. Mr. Perkins was moved and seconded. Mr. Henry Owen moved the election of Mr. David Evans, on the ground that at the last ballot he was next to the successful candidate. Mr. Joseph Price seconded. The Board divided and Mr Evans was elected by 22 to 10. Mr. Dd. Evans, who is over 80 years of age, has previously been a member of the Board for many years.
An Aberdare Maintenance Case, The Clerk mentioned the case of David Harris, picture framer, of Ynys- Iwyd Street, Aberdare. It had been decided to prosecute him for not obey- ing a magistrates' order to pay 2s. or 2s. 6d. per week towards his father, who had become chargeable to the Merthyr Union. Before the case came on l;ist Wednesday at Aberdare he (the clerk) received a letter from Mr. J. Prowle, asking him to with-hold pro- ceedings. Mr. Prowle stated in the letter that "Harris was a ph ysical wreck; was not able to pay, so why waste the ratepayers' money on him?" The Clerk said he refused to accede to Mr. Prowle's request, and the case came oil at Aberdare on May 2nd, and an order to pay forthwith was made. The man had not appeared before the Maintenance Committee, nor before the Magistrates, Mr. Meth Davies Are we to under- stand that the Clerk will not listen to a member, who might know of specially hard circumstances in various casesi" Clerk: I don't say that, but I must use my discretion, and 1 used it in this case. I A member asked if the man had come over to Merthyr.
D ( Good results in home cooking are impossible without good flour. The simplest and best flour is one containing a correct pro- portion of raising ingredients, this doing away with yeast and baking powder. Such a flour is Irv% ;j Win »Si £ LF"R A 8 s 8 "RED RING RECIPES," containing 1 100 ps^es, ond over 360 recipes, free Thames inreet, l-onc.on, E..C. Encior.e C) ld. stamp for po^tc ;.o.
Solicitor joins the Army. The Clerk said that Mr. Pullibank, his assistant, who deputised him m the Police Court, had been called up, and he (Mr. James) asked the Board's sanc- tion to the appointment of Mr. Wash- ington Bowen as his successor. — Agreed.
RU-APPOINTMENT OF MR. AND MPS. CHARLES KENSHOLE. A est ex day (.Wednesday) was Hi.;a Constable Day, and in another column it will he seen that Mr. Charles Ken- shole has yielded to the great pressure which had been brought to bear upo him to accept office for yet another year. lie is now, like Kitchener's re- cruit-, serving "for three years or for the duration of the war." This is the first time on record that the same person has filled the office for three years. Dr. Evan Jones. J.P., Aberdare, occupied the post for two years, viz., 1883 and 188.L The late Mr. David Davies, grocer, Canon Street, Aberdare, served for two years, 1886 and 1887; the late Mr. David Williams, Compton House, for 1893 and 1894, and Mr. Isaac George, J.P., Mountain Ash, for the year- 190-1 and 1905. These four gentle- men were the only ones who served two years in succession, and to Mr. Charles Kenshole belongs the unique dis- tinction of being elected for a third time. He and the Lady High Constable have made their years of office notable in many ways by their ready response to all appeals made to them. Mrs. Ken- shole has interested herself in quite a number of local movements, and her excellent work has been thoroughly appreeiated by the public. In short both the High Constable and Lady High Constable have performed the duties appertaining to the office with signal success. Notwithstanding the fact that he is a busy man—Registrar of Merthvr County Court; Solicitor to the South Wale,, Coalowners' Association: Chair- man of Aberdare Tribunal—he has found time to attend not only public meetings, but also host's of committee meetings in connection with the Red Cross Hospi- tal. the new General Hospital, War Savings Committee, Flower Show Com- mittee, and others. His motto is thoroughness in all things which he undertaken and his touch spells success. Mr. Kenshole is an Aberdarian born and bred. He has one son, Lieut. Ivor Kenshole. who joined the Forces in the early days of the war.
THE ANTIQUITY OF THE OFFICE. According to the Old Aberdare Al- manack for 1893, the office of High Con- stable i- one of great antiquity, the name being probably introduced into England at the time of the Norman Conquest, although the first Statute which mentions the office is that of Ed- ward I., ch. 6. The official designation of the High Constable is "High Con- stable of Miskin Higher," the officer so designated having the charge of the Division or Hundred of Miskin Higher. In 1869 an Act was passed authorising the various Courts of Quarter Sessions to abolish the offices of High Con- stables. Mr. R. H. Rhvs. J.P., Llwyd- coed. and Mr. G. T. Clark. J.P.. Dow- lais, pleaded at the Glamorgan Quarter Sessions that as Aberdare and Merthyr were not corporate towns, the office be not abolished, and that it had often ( been found an useful one, enabling town meetings to be called, etc. On their representation this was agreed to, and the office was allowed to continue in Merthyr and Aberdare, and, by the way, in Westminster. In Merthyr the office was abolished when Merthyr re- ceived its Charter of Incorporation, and it has also been abolished in West- minster, thus Aberdare is the only town in the kingdom which retains the office of High Constable.
Mr. Meth Davies: He has no money to pay the train fare, and he cannot walk over. Mrs. Richards: He could walk very well. He is about the district can- vassing for picturo-framing. Mr. Chas. Fenwick moved that the action of the Clerk be confirmed. The Rector seconded, adding that once the seal of the Board had been fixed, prosecution should follow. Mr. Meth Davies: Mr. Prowle is not here to-day, and it is unfair to dispose of the case in his absence. Why not defer it or a fortnight? Mr. Sam Morgan agreed, and the Clerk had no objection, therefore that course was adopted.