CINEMAS AND CHILDREN. ABERDARE JUSTICES' ILLEGAL CONDITIONS. ——— In the King's Bench Divisional Court on Monday the Lord Chief Justice'and Justices Ridley and Avory heard an application on behalf of Alfred Pugli, for the owners of the Abereynon Work- men's Hall and Institute, for a rule nisi for a writ of mandamus and prohibition to be directed to the licensing justices at Aberdare with regard to conditions imposed on certain music and dancing licences. Mr. Randolph Glen (for the applicant) said the justices at Aberdare had heard 20 applications for these licences en bloc and imposed certain conditions. Appli- cant contended that it was ultra vires for the justices to impose these con- ditions. which were that "no child under 14 years ,of age be allowed in your premises during the performances after seven p.m. unless accompanied by a parent or guardian. No child under 14 years of age be allowed in your premises during performances after 9 p.m." Counsel said there were special cir- cumstances in his case which made it necessary that the justices should have considered it separately. He also con- tended that they were not entitled to impose the conditions, and asked the Court to prohibit them putting the con- ditions in force. The hall in question was quite different from others. It was a workmen's hall run in connection with an institute for workmen's families, and quite a different thing from a place run for profit. The Lord Chief Justice granted the rule for mandamus, and also for pro- hibition. (
New Magistrate. Councillor Noah Bowles was sworn in as a Justice of the Peace bv virtue of his office as Chairman of theDistrict Council.
Ticketless Travellers. Wm. Benbow and Thomas Williams, Penrhiwceiber, were fined 10s. each for travelling from Abercvnon to Penrhiw- ceiber without tickets and with intent to avoid payment of the fares. Mr. B rown, who appeared for the T. R. Co., said that defendants ran away when spoken to. Win. Henry Thomas, porter at Pen- rhiwceiber Station, gaye evidence.
Female porter Assaulted. Alfred Collins, Penrhiwceiber. was summoned for travelling on the T.Y.R. without a ticket and with intent to avoid paying the fare. He was further summoned for assaulting Ada Mav King and also for using obscene lan- guage. Ada May King stated that on Friday, April 13th, defendant alighted from "a train and attempted to get past with- out giving a ticket. WIen she stopped him he struck her on the chest and used the language complained of. Edward Bennett, who was called to assist, corroborated. tai The Stipendiary referred to Collins' bad record. In 1912 he was fined 5s. for being drunk; 40s. for travelling without a ticket; 20s. and costs for re- fusing to quit a public-house; 40s. for assaulting the landlord. In the follow- ing year he was sent to prison -for stealing a watch, and in 1914 he was fined 20s. and costs, for another offence. For the present offences he would be fined 40s. and costs for not having a ticket; 20s. for bad language* and 20s. for assaulting the female porter.
Colliers' Short Cut. Llewelyji Jones and Jacob Davies Pemniv. ceiber, were summoned for trespassing 011 the T.Y.R. Detective Wilson saw defendants on April 13th on the railway between Penrhiwceiber j Station and the cdlliery siding.
Stealing society's Sugar. Wm. Williams. Kingcraft Street, Mountain Ash, a haulier in the employ ot the Cwmbach Co-op. Society, was charged with the theft of sugar, value 2s., from the Society's Stores. Mr. W. Kenshole prosecuted and Mr. Gwilym Jones defended. Sarah Ann Pugh gave evidence that she saw defendant put the sugar in his pocket. A further charge of stealing flour was also preferred against defendant. He pleaded that he was in drink at the time. Fined 10s. for each offence.
RHEUMATISM-KIDNEY TROUBLE. Rheumatism is due to uric acid crystals in the joints and muscles, the result of excessive uric acid in the sys- tem that the kidneys failed to remove as nature intended, and this acid is also the cause of backache, lumbago, sciatica, gout, urinary trouble, stone, gravel, dropsy. The success of Estora Tablets, a specific based on modern medical science, for the treatment of rheumatism and other forms of kidney trouble, is due to the fact that they restore the kidneys to healthy action and thereby remove the cause of the trouble, and have cured numberless cases after the failure of other remedies, which accounts for them superseding out-of-date medicines that are sold at a price beyond all but the wealthy. Women frequently suffer from ills, aches and pains, under the impression that they are victims of ailments common to their sex, but more often than not it is due to the kidneys, and in such cases Estora Tablets will set them right! The test is at least worth making, as woman's happiness and suc- cess in life depends entirely on her health. Estora Tablets, an honest remedy at an honest price, Is. 3d. per box of 40 tablets, or 6 for 6s. 9d. All chemists or postage free from Estora Co., 132 Charing Cross Road, London, W.C. Aberdare Agents: Boots Cash Chemists.
ABERDARE CHAMBER OF TRADE. The ordinary monthly meeting of the above was held at Miles' Restaurant on Wednesday, April 25th. The chair was occupied by Mr. Tom Evans, sup- ported by Messrs. J. W. Hurt, Morgan Watkins, vice-presidents, and the hon. secretary, Mr. W. H. Jones.
Bank Holiday Closing. In the absence of Mr. M. Evans, Mr. J. W. Hurt moved the rescinding of a former minute resolving to abstain from discussion of Bank Holiday Clos- ing. In supporting the proposition Mr J. W. Hurt referred to the altered con- ditions now prevailing and the greater desire of traders generally to observe some recognised principle under this head, and he thought it desirable that the Chamber should take some lead to indicate to the public what days it was resolved to observe as holidays at each Bank Holiday period. Mr. Thomas Lloyd seconded the mo- tion, and the same was carried. A further resolution by Mr. J. W. Hurt related to the desirability of con- sidering at each meeting immediately preceding a Bank Holiday what days business premises should be closed, and that any arrangements so made be made publicly known upon each occa- sion. This proposition was also .car- ried
TABERNACLE, ABERDARE. At Tabernacle Cong. Church on Sun- day evening Mr. W. J. Harris sang a solo, "Trust and believe." The Rev. T. M. Jeffreys, pastor, was the preach- er. He took as his texts Luke ii., 51, "And he came to Nazareth and was subject unto them," and John xiv., 2, "In my father's house there are many mansions (or homes)." The call of home in the heart of Jesus, as suggest- ed by these two texts, was the subject of the sermon. The Saviour could have become "Jesus of Jerusalem," which would have been more in accord- ance with his Messianic office. But the home call made him known as "Jesus of Nazareth." He was a man well matured when he left home. Christ- ianity was a religion of homes and of home fellowship. Christ moved and lingered in the homes of the people be- cause the home atmosphere was so at- tractive to him. In his utterances he appreciated the value of home. In those words, The Son of Man hath no where to lay his head," there was an echo of wistfulness for a home which he did not possess. His parables also were redolent of home. That chief parable known to us as the parable of the prodigal son, could be more appro- priately called the parable of the lost home. Comfort, fellowship, and wor- ship were the elements of home. In the words of the second text Jesus projects this vision of homo into heaven. Let us make our homes the places where will be found these eternal things which Jesus hallowed.
Cwmdare Notes. BY RAFFLES. Mrs. may be a strong politician, a Temperance worker, and a Suffragist, but these qualifications won't help her to get potatoes. Popcorn heard the cuckoo last Mon- day. It did him more good than all the beer he had swallowed at sevenpence per pint. There is 110 pride in G.eorgie Con- certina. He was faultlessly dressed when he knocked at No. 23. The young lady was out. Nothing daunted, Georgie took the servant out for a walk. Mary Elizabeth Ann and her cousin looked well in the Park on Sunday after- noon. The latest fashion, I fear, is too much of the Garden of Eden design. Now Bumper, to toddle home at 1 a.m. is indecently late. The cinemas close at 10.30. j Mrs. Jones ma an innocent mistake. Speaking to her neighbour she said her bov 'was coining on splendid jji the Students' School. She meant the Truant School. Hope you enjoyed the motor-ride last Sundav. Your Sunday School scholars saw you going. Poor example this.
Grand Theatre, Aberaman General Manager ARTHUR NORTON. 6.45 TWICE NIGHTLY. 8.45 Week commencing Monday, May 14th, 1917. Mr. GWILYM D. PHILLIPS, Son of the late Gwilym Cynon (Cochyn Bach) PRESENTS for the first time on any Stage, an entirely New and Original Drama, entitled an a i o "Emancipation" Written by Gwilym D. Phillips. BOOK YOUR SEATS Prices as usual. SUPPORT LOCAL NOW. Prices TALENT. ø@@@@@@@. æ WE ARE I I WHAT WE ARE f I MANUFACTURERS | OF • I FUBNITURE S A 4 Fop Cash on Easy Payments 9 AEROPLANE QUALITY. n SUBMARINE PRICES. W & « THE IR H A T HFurnlshinB I M Company, @ .1 Taff Street, Pontypridd. ALL*5TEEL whose sped a! features, with Dunlop tyres aud Stnrmey-Archrr BHI EgS three-speed ge*r. mate it wo flinch better than other bicycles. Eg IP*I Every Raleigh frame is built on specially constructed jigs, which Kg ■2J ensure perfect alignment and ensure easy rmuiitig. Seat Iu'ks ami .4 ■3m V handlebars are made by a secret process from solid steel, therefore IGp EH 1|B j immensely strong. All tubing is made in the ltaleigh factoiy. H GUARANTEED FOR EVER. R ■U Mce» & I0«. to <14 Ks. Send a ooatcard (or "The Book of the Raleigh." E? gj yl A. J. SHEEN.ASSKr- I H P Cycling for Health. by Sir Frank Bcrw<?pn. Bfirt,. P.R.GJ3.. SLC. 100 pp. i3. ftjlj.
CYMANFA CANU. On Monday last the 44th annual Cymanfa Ganu was held by the Cal- vinistic Methodist Union (Upper Aber- dare). The morning meeting was held at Ebenezer, Cwmbach. The Rev. J. Myddfai Jones presided. The "afternoon meeting was held at Bethania, Aberdare. The Rev. John Lewis, Hebron, presided, and the Rev. W. I). -Morris, Cwmaman, offered a prayer. Mr. I)avid Evans, Mus.Doc., Cardiff, was the conductor throughout the day. In the course of his remarks at the afternoon meeting Dr. Evans said there were very few tunes composed in the last 20 years which could claim immortality. A liymn-tune was life bubbling over. He was glad to see old tunes on their programme, and in future he would advise them to have always a fair percentage of old tunes in their festivals. The anthem, "Buddugoliaeth Calfari," by the con- ductor, was sung at this iineeting. In the evening the Rev. E. \V. Llewelyn, Libanus, presided. Mr. W. Beddoe Stephens was the organist. As usual large congregations and typical Welsh cymanfa singing marked the proceed- ings at all the meetings. Mr. Dd. Evans, Helyon, accompan- ied at the morning meeting. "() fryniau Caersalem was sung in memory of departed members of the Cvmanfa and soldiers who have fallen in battle.
BETHEL, MISKIN. A concert was held at Bethel Chapel on Thursday, under the auspices of the Welcome Home and Comfort Fund. The chairman was Councillor Noah Bowles. All the artistes acquitted themselves admirably. An address was given by the chairman, followed by a pianoforte solo J)v Miss Gwyneth Dug- Ian, Miskin. The following artistes took part:—Misses Mary J. Davies, Miskin; Edith Davies, Miskin; Claudia Jones, Penrhiwceiber; M. Jones, Cwm- dare; Amy Jenkins, Penrhiwceiber; and A. M. Phillips, Cwmaman; Masters lorwerth Evans, Miskin, and Richard Jones, Penrhiwceiber; Messrs. Harry Evans, Jacob Richards, and Tom Wal- ton. Miss D. Heal and. Mr. D. T. Davies each gave a beautiful rendering on the violin, and Mr. Peter, Ornffiths gave a fine rendering of The Halle- Hijah Chorus" on the mandoline. The accompanists were Miss A. Webber, A.L.C.M., fncl ^r- 1 ostyn P. Evans, AJJ.C.M.' Mr. 15eii Davies gave a re- citation. On the proposition of Mr. D. H. Davies, seconded by Mr. J. M. Thomas, a vote of thanks was accord- ed to both chairman and artistes. "Hen Wlad fy Nhadau" and "God Save the King" were sung by Mr Jacob- Richards and Mr. Tom Walton respec- tively. The treasurer was Miss R.. -John, and the secretary Mr. Jestyn P Evans.
Letters to the Editor. J PRIMROSE DAY. Sir, On the 36th anniversarv nf Lord Beaeonsfield's death, 1 read with interest the speech he deli/ered at Manchester on April 3rd, 1872 and a tew paragraphs of his speech mav «et your readers to think, especially in the present crisis: — present crisis: — "The very phrase, 'Foreign Affairs,' makes an Englishman convinced that I am about to treat of subjects with «Inch he has no concern. Unhappily the relations of England to the rest of the world, which are 'Foreign Affairs' lot Tinmattfe\vs whjeh I1\0ht influence his or reS?n de^.nds increase I f1"" ot taxation Upon them uepends the enjoyment or the em- barrassment of his industry. And vet though, so momentous are the conse- quences of the mismanagement of our f?neVSh^ relah)on«. one thinks of them till the miscluer occurs, and then it is found how the most vital consequences" have been occasioned by mere inad- vertence. All the disorders and dis- turbances of Europe, those immense armaments that are an incubus on national industry and the great obstacle to progressin. civilisation, may be traced ami justly attributed to the Crimean War. And yet. the Crimean War need never have occurred. I speak of what I know, not of what I believe, but of what I have evidence in my possession to prove that the Crimean U ar never would have happened if Lord Derby had remained in office. I ac- knowledge that the policy of England with respect to Europe should be n. policy of reserve." (Hats off to Beaconsfield). In a score of centuries we should have learned some better slogan than "Ca rthago must be destroyed." Humanity must be saved, and it cannot be unless we "make the quarrelling Lapithytes sleep and Centaurs within lie quiet," until we chain up the unruly legion of our breasts, and become Caesar within ourselves. Individual and v mosr are the causes of A\aixare.—^ ours, etc., T. E. DAVIES. Trimsaran.
"Where did you get that medal p" "For bravery." "What did you do-that was brave?" "Married a widow and seven children."
Local Mems. BY MEMO. Let's talk of food. The discussion on bread, which took place at the Aberdare Tribunal and reported foully in last week's Leader, should further stimulate people to use their utmost endeavours in the economy of bread. There was a suggestion, made by Councillor T. Wal- ter Williams, that a condition be im- posed on bakers seeking exemptions, either for themselves or for employees, that they be compelled to bake bread and cakes made with something other than wheat flour. This was not deemed practicable for the moment for more than one reason. And another reason, which was not mentioned, was that the Tribunal could not get at all the haker", in town. Those bakers who have no occasion to come before the Tribunal would go on mak- ing -bread and cakes from wheat flour so long as they could get it. and the competition between them and others who used substitutes would be an un- fair one. There is no reason, however, why some local bakers and confectioners who ex- pose cakes, tarts, and pastries for sale, should not give a trial to some of the many other varieties available, in order to extend the wheat supply of the country. In Cardiff maize cakes may be bought in several shops, and thoe who have sampled them speak very highly of their tastiness and nutritive quality. If Aberdare bakers could be induced to "push" this item of food it would go an appreciable way towards solving the bread shortage. If something drastic is not done, and that shortly, we shall have compulsory rationing and bread tickets. A far better method would be communal kitchens. Aberdare is already preparing by con- ducting such kitchens in the Park School Cookery Centre. The initial ex- periment proved eminently satisfactory, and if substantial meals can be prepared at 4d. per head, then the sooner the kitchens are extended to other parts of the district the better. Children are being taught lessons at the Cookery Centres which should be of great value to them just now. The Aberdare Education Committee have invited the mothers to attend the lessons, and see how things are carried out. Many mothers have availed themselves of the invitation, and are learning some- thing which will He of immense ad- vantage, both in the saving of money and food. When the question of inviting mothers to Cookery Centres was discussed by the Mountain Ash Education Committee a few weeks ago. Councillor Bruce Jones remarked that scores of mothers would be insulted if it were suggested to them that they could learn something from cookery mistresses at school. The Director of Education was prepared to run the risk and sent out invitations, with what result I know not. The old ideas often come in conflict with the new, not only in cooking but in nursing and a hundred an*? one other things. A woman in the Rhondda was asked once to attend the District Nursing Class, and she replied with scorn: "What does she (the teacher) know about children? She's never had any. I've had seven and buried five, so I ought to know something." Comment on this would be superfluous. Popular lectures are to be organised in Aberdare shortly on Food Economy and War Cookery. There will also be demonstrations, and they will be held at the various Cookery Centres in the district. The women will be specially invited, and the lectures will be held in the evenings. It is to the women we must. look for effecting economy in the food supply. The need of the moment is to use food made from oats, maize. rice. etc., as frequently as possible, and to cultivate the habit of not bringing the loaf to the table at every meal. ============
MOUNTAIN ASH POLICE COURT. I Thursday, April 26.-Before Messrs. It. A. Griffith (Stipendiary), Thomas Jones, Griffith Evans, and Noah Bowles.
Licence Transfer. Mrs. S. Lewis, widow of the late D. S. Lewis, was granted the temporary transfer of the licence of the Glancynon Hotel, Mountain Ash. Mr. Gwilym Jones appeared for the applicant.
Too Much Light. David Morgan Davies, 68 Oxford Street, Mountain Ash, was lined 10s. for not subduing his shop lights. Sarah Bevan, 60 Oxford Street, was similarly fined for a similar offence. P.C. David Thomas proved the cases.
Constable's Chase. John Ingram. Merthyr, was sum- moned for trespassing in search of game on land belonging to Lord Aberdare, .(Ia i-e, and also for allowing his dog to be out without a collar. John Edwards, gamekeeper, saw de- fendant and others poaching on the mountain on Sunday, April 15. They had two greyhounds and a lurcher dog with them and also nets. When caught defendant had two rabbits and a ferret. P.C. David Thomas spoke to chasing defendant across the Penrheolgerrig Mountain for 4 miles, and eventually catching him. Fined 10s. for poaching and 5s. for the dog collar offence.
Bread Order Offences. Evan Mollis and Sons, grocers, Pen- rhiwceiber, were summoned for unlaw- fully exposing for sale loaves not being of one pound or an even number of pounds. Mr. T. W. Griffiths defended. Inspector Evan Jones deposed that he called at 11.15 on the morning of Friday, April 20. He weighed^ 19 loaves, 9 of them being correct weight. Six were short weight by LJ--ozs.; one by 2 07.S.. and three by a i oz. He spoke to Mr. Harry Morris, who ex- pressed bus regret that the loaves were short weight. Defendant, said the wit- ness, was very truthful about the matter. Henry. Eynon Morris, in the course of his evidence, said it was his rule if he found a loaf short in weight to put it 011 one side and give it away. John Isaac, grocer, Penrhiwceiber, was also summoned. The inspector's evidence was that he found 7 loaves. which should have weighed 41 bs. each. Five were 3 07.S. short, and two were ;3 ozs. short. Later, Mr. Isaac's brother, from whom the bread was ob- tained, came to him and told him that the bread had been baked :JO hours and therefore the order did not apply. Wilfred Evan Davies, Win. John Miles, Richard Humphrey Ellis, Mor- gan Isaac, Frank Lewis Smith, Ben- jamin Lewis, and Amy Richards all gave evidence to the effect that no bread was baked On Thursday, the day prior to the inspector's call. The bread was baked on Wednesday, and the baker's book produced in support of their statements. The Stipendiary: "This book is far from satisfactory for more reasons than one. There is a shade of doubt in the case and the defendant will have the benefit of it. The case is dismissed, but we warn all the bakers of the dis- trict to hold strictly to the order, as we are determined to enforce it. The case against Morris and Sons was dismissed on payment of costs.
Tempter Fined E10. John Netherway, a Mountain Ash haulier was charged with stealing a case 'of butter, the property of the T.Y.R. Co., value 5 guineas; and Frank Freeman, grocer, Bailey Street, Mis- kin, was charged with receiving the same. Mr. Brown (Messrs. fngledew) I' prosecuted, and Mr. Win. Thomas, Aberdare, defended Freeman. Netherway pleaded guilty. Mr. Brown informed the Bench that the butter was consigned to the Moun- tain Ash Branch of the Cwmbach Co- op. Society. When taxed with the ocie Y. I theft Netherway admitted to P.S. Hill and Detective Edwards that he took the butter, and that lie had been asked to do so by Freeman, who offered him 30s'. for it. The butter was found at Freeman's bakehouse unopened. Mr. Thomas urged in defence that Freeman had no knowledge that the butter was stolen, and that. he boughf it as condemned goods. Netherway was fined 20s., and Free- man £ 10. The Stipendiary said that Freeman had tempted Netherway, who was poor, and was therefore the worse offender.
Stage Manager Fined. Thomas Flavell, recently stage manager at the Empire, Mountain Ash, was charged with the theft of a 10s. note and an Army paper the property of Henrietta Craig. Evidence was given that a letter was posted to Miss Craig, of the Dixie Co., from Bolton. Defendant stated that he re-posted it to Llanelly. Fined 40s. or 11 days.
ABERCWMBOI DOCTOR. Mr. Stanton Reassured. Specific instances have been brought to the notice of the War Office of the indefensible inadequacy of the medical service in certain industrial districts if the only remaining doctors who are of military age are called up. Mr W. Brace, the Under Secretary of the-j Home Office, has been approached by the Ebbw Yale authorities, and Mr. C. B. Stanton has found it necessary to bring to the notice of Mr. Ian Macpher- son, the new Secretary of the War Office, the case of Abercwmboi, where there is only one medical man serving a large population' of industrial work- ers. Mr Stanton was definitely assured by Mr Macpherson that in the last case the War Office could not possibly expect to take away the only remain- ing doctor.
DON'T WASTE YOUR WASTE PAPERl Work of considerable value can be done in aid of charities—such as the Red Cross Society, Prisoners of War Funds, Dr. Barnardo's Homes, Heroes' Funds, etc., by the collection of waste paper, which householders can save and hand over to volunteer workers like members of the Church Lads' Brigade, the Boy Scouts, the Girl Guides, etc. Messrs. Thomas Owen and Co., Ely Paper Mills, Cardiff, are willing to pay at the rate of t3 10s. per ton for all grades mixed —printed, crumpled, brown, cardboard, old books, etc.; and they will also pay carriage. All over the district by organisation of school children and others vast carriage. All over the district by organisation of school children and others vast quantities of paper, etc., could be I gathered, and substantial sums ob- tained for different charities, and we f would urge upon the leaders in the different brigades and other bodies, as well as school teachers, to initiate and further schemes of collection of this do- scription. Hundreds of pounds' worth of paper are going to waste, whereas by delivery to Messrs. Thomas Owen and Co. large contributions might be se- cured for the different charities. Papers must be firmly packed and safely tied.
Various. It was reported that the South Wales Federated Chambers of Trade would be holding their annual meeting at Mer- thyr, and the chairman, Vice-chairman and secretary were deputed to attend as representing the Aberdare Chamber. A letter was read from the Early Closing Association soliciting the sup- port of the Chamber to secure continu- ation of the Early Closing Order. It was. however, explained that since the receipt of the letter the Home Office had fixed up an Order providing for its continuance. An interesting circular was read from the National Chamber of Trade touching upon the question of National Service, Food Control, and the Camps' Library. With regard to the Camps' Library readers are reminded that any literature destined for either soldiers or sailors can be transmitted entirely free of charge by handing the same over the Post Office counter, the postal authorities forwarding books, maga- zines and papers free of charge to the headquarters of the Camps Library for distribiftion among the various camps and military centres. The hon. sec. of the Chamber of Trade will also accept sfny literature sent in to him for this purpose..
Have ye any ancestors, Mrs. Kelly?'' And phwat's ancistors, Mrs* O'Brien?" "Why, people you j have sprung from." Mrs. Kelly (im- pressively)—" Listen to me, Mrs. O'Brien, I came from the royal shtock of Donaghlies thot sprung from no- body—they shpring at them."
Defendants pleaded that they were going to work; it was wet and they took a short cut. ¡ Each ordered to pay the costs, 5s. I